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Full text of "The Granite monthly : a magazine of literature, history and state progress"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY CQLLECTJON 



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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01742 4497 



GENEALOGY 
974.2 
G7659 
1913 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



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MONTHL 



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A New Hampshire Magazine 



DEVOTED TO 



History, Biography, Literature 
and State Progress 



volume xlv • 
new series, volume viii 



1 'W TO vJ'-J QkXSLQj 



GONCORD, N. H. 

PUBLISHED BY THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY^ 

1913 



CONCORD, N. H. 

The Rumford Press 
1913 



X 693880 



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The Granite Monthly 



CONTENTS JANUARY-DECEMBER, 1913 
Old Series, Volume XLV 
New Series, Volume VIII 



Page 

Afworth Matters and Men, by H. H. Metcalf 253 

Arworth, Reminiscences of School District, Number Two, by Charles A. Brackett, 

D.M.D 337 

A; Twilight In The Northland, by Lena E. Bliss 306 

Barnstead, South. An Interesting Event, by Mrs. Lydia J. Reynolds 41 

Bartlett, Col. John H., by H. L. Knowlton , 135 

"Beattie, Dr. William Johnston, by H. C. Pearson 343 

l\<\\, Eliza Uphani, by Sarah B. Lawrence 394 

Bradford Matters and Men, by H. H. Metcalf 167 

Bumham, Hon. Henry E., by H. C. Pearson 375 

Carpenter, Josiah, by H. H. Metcalf 215 

Can-again and Carter, by An Occasional Contributor 20S 

< 'h.triot of the Sun, The, by Everett S. Staekpole. . . „ 24 

r<>n<*ord, Landmarks of, by Mrs. Joseph B. Walker ! . . . . 349 

Grossman, Edgar O., M.D.. by H. C, Pearson 311 

Daniel!, Hon. Warren F., by Harlan C. Pearson 247 

Dover, N. II., The Back River District, by John Scales, A.M 29$ 

Dover, X. H., The William Dam Garrison at Back River, by John Scales, A.M 315 

Durham, Old, Reminiscences of, by George Wilson Jennings 155 

Editor and Publisher's Notes 30. 62. 133, 166, 214, 246, 310, 342, 374, 398 

Firefly Brings it to Light, A, Translated from the German, by Ellen McRoberts -Mason 121 

Growth of International Unity, The, by William H. Thayer 123 

House That Ladd Built, The, by George H. Sargent 22 

Kimball Union Academy, by Harry B. Preston 143 

leaders of New Hampshire, by H. C. Pearson .311, 375 

little Elizabeth, by Eva Beede Odell ". * 372 

Macedonian Christian Greek, A, by F. B. Sanborn 17 

Mellen, Charles Sanger, by H. H. Metcalf .' . 1 

M:t* hell. Hon. William H., by H. H. Metcalf 13 

S H. State Government of 1913-14, The 36 

-V--.V Hampshire College — New Department of Home Economics, by H. H. Scudder 381 

New Hampshire Governor's Dinner, A, by Fred Myron Colby : 389 

New Hampshire State Treasurers, by H. H. Metcalf 115 

North Church, The Real Old, by Gilbert Patten Brown 159 

Notable Celebration, A, by Frank Warren Hackett 37 

Nutter, Abner J., by L. A. Stevens 385 

*>y BeJt, The, by Charles Hardon 56 

Oi$ Cannon on Garrison Hill, The, by Elizabeth P. Tapley 240 

Plymouth, The Pageant of, by Eleanor J. Clark 329 

Portsmouth Neck, Pioneers of, by J. M. Moses 365 

Powers, Emily Owen 25 

School Days, by Frances M. Pray . 339 

September Outing, A, by Francis H. Goodall, Washington, D. C 361 



iv Contents 

Page 

Silver Lustre Set, The, by Frances Healey 236 

Smiley, Robert L 163 

Soldier of the American Revolution, The, From the Small New Hampshire Town, by 

John R. Eastman 220 

Step Forward, A 229 

Story of Jack Stoddard and His White Mohawk, The, by E. P. Tenney 319 

Tamworth, Reminiscences of The Old First Church in, and fts Early Ministers, by 

Charles H. Dow 152 

Thanksgiving and Thanksliving ■ - 393 

Trip to Lost River, A, by Katherine C. Meader 201 

Warren, The Settlement of, by Frank C. Clement 233 

White Mountain Sojourn, A, by George Wilson Jennings 333 

New Hampshire Necrology 28, 59, 129, l&i, 213, 245, 309, 340, 373, 395 

. Amen, Harlan Page 395 

Barron, Col. Oscar G 28 

Batchellor, Hon. Albert S • . 245 

Brickett, Leonard C 165 

Briggs, Hon. Frank O 166 

Brooks, William E 62 

Brooks, William F 396 

Brown, Frank E • 373 

Brown, John C '.-.. 29 

Brown, Leonard B ; 62 

Burke, Hon. Charles H . ...'... 29 

Clary, Rev. Timothy F 129 

Clark, Dr. John H .... 395 

Daniell, Hon. Frank H ; 395 

Dougla3, Mrs. Orlando B 61 

Eagan, Rev. Martin H 213 

Eastman, Prof. John R " 3-40 

Edgerly, Julien C 246 

Emery, Hon. Samuel W 28 

Forsaith, Hon. William J '. 129 

Foster, Frank H * 29 

Gordon, Capt. Edward F 29 

Greenough, Col. Wiiliam S r 373 

Harvey, Dr. Edward B 341 

Hill, Hon. Charles E 373 

Hooper, Rev. Josiah H 164 

Howland, Hon. Henry E 396 

Jackman, Capt. Lyman 246 

Kelley, John W . . . -...'. ' 340 

Kimball, Hon. John 213 

Mann, George Henry . 309 

Mason, Dea. Charles 29 

Miller, Prof. David G 129 

Mitchell, Hon. John M '...-■ 131 

Mitchell, Mrs. John M r 2S 

Perkins, Commodore Charles P 396 

Pierce, Franklin 165 

Putnam, Rev. John J • 213 

Quimby, Rev. Silas E 129 

Renouf , Rev. Edward A » 373 

Richardson, Prof. Charles F , 341 



Cantents v 

New Hampshire Necrology — Continued: P age 

Robinson, Annie Dougk-ss 213 

Sanborn, George W '. 396 

Sawyer, J. Herbert '....• . 397 

Shaw, Christopher C 165 

Spalding, Hon. John A 245 

Stimson. Rodney Xf „ 165 

Sturtevant, Hon. Edward H 164 

Swett, Hon. John : 341 

Thissell, William T 131 

Towle, Barry F. 29 

Treadwell, Dr. Robert O 309 

Tucke, Col. Oilman H " 397 

Tprner, Hon. Charles H 309 

Wadleigh, Thomas L -. 309 

Walker, Hon. Joseph B 59 

Wheeler, Hon. Benjamin R 395 

Whiton-Stone. Mrs. Cara E -.' 129 

Woods, George . 29 

Wright, Rev. Lucius B . . . . . 341 

, POETRY 

As Years Go On. by Georgianna Rogers 297 

Beautiful Things, by Moses G. Shirley 336 

Birthday Thought, A, by E. H. Hunter 392 

Birthday Verses, by Bela Chapin 139 

By The Sea. by Lucy H. Heath 232 

Call for Peace, The, by X. F. Carter 158 

Charity, by Moses Gage Shirley 29S 

Choice, The, by L, J. H. Frost". 27 

Concord, by George Wsrren Parker 36 

Cottage, The, by Le R03* Smart ' •. 307 

Cup of Pain, The. by A. C 327 

Day in June, A, by Hannah B. Merriam . .* 227 

Down the Wide Old Turnpike Road, by Shirley W. Harvey 384 

Dreaming, by L. J. H. Frost ; 347 

Du>t to Dust, by Bela Chapin 212 

Failing Leaf, The. by L. J. H. Frost 387 

Farewell Song of the Migratory Birds, by Ellen McRoberts Mason 388 

Few Little Things, A, by Cyrus A. Stone 298 

First Thanksgiving, The, by P. L. F ; 347 

Gold, by Stewart Everett Rowe ■* 15 

Good Fellowship, by Coletta Ryan 211 

Good-Night, by L. Adelaide Sherman , , 40 

Gnat Cure, The, by Georgianna Rogers 360 

In After Days, by Stewart Everett Rowe . . . '. 210 

In April, by Frances M. Pray > . - 128 

la the Springtime, by Delia Honey 120 

Knights Devoir. The, by Fred Myron Colby - 54 

Little .Maid of Long Ago, O, by Jean McGregor 16 

little Path, A, hy Frances M. Pray - 360 

^melkxess of Me, The, by Elizabeth Thomson Ordway ' 58 

March 31, by Laura Garland Carr 128 



VI 



Content; 



Fa?e 

May Morning, A, by Amy J. Dolloff 204 

Memories, by A. C '. 154 

Mid-Summer, by Mary Alice Dwyre „ 297 

Monadnock-Afar, by Charles Xevers Holmes . 30S 

Morning, by L. J. H. Frost : 200 

My Dream Hill, by Josephine F. Wilson 305 

My Park, by William S. Harris .,...- 370 

Music Message, by Theodora Chase . 212 

Not Now but Sometime, by N. F. Carter ." 388 

Old Garrison House, The, Exeter, N. H., by Delia H. Honey .' 348 

"Old Home," by Emily Owen Powers , 243 

Past, The, by L. J. H. Frost 235 

Reign of Law, The, by P. L. F 57 

Right Living, by Moses Gage Shirley 55 

Same Stars, The, by A. M. Shepard : 314 

Sea-Turn, The, by Emily B. Cole 227 

Singing of the Angels, The, by Cyrus A. Stone ...... ^ 114 

Strength of the Hills, The, by Moses Gage Shirley 141 

Submerged, the, by J. H. Krier 371 

Summer Shower, A, by Amy J. Dolloff -. 242 

Toast, A, by Stewart Everett Rowe 332 

To Mira, by Mary E. Kelly 335 

Trailing Arbutus, by Lucy H. Heath 127 

Transfiguration, by Maude Gordon Roby 393 

Unknown Dead, The, by J. H. Hall 205 

Vanished Stars, by Theodora Chase 15 

Village Road, The, by Frank Monroe Beverly ..,.:. 162 

Willow Tree, The, by Charles Nevers Holmes 369 

"Within My Heart," by Maude Gordon Roby 151 



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CL, XLV, No. I 







JANUARY, 1913 



THE 



New Scries, Vol. VIII, No.. 1 j 

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A New li amps hi re Magazine 

evoted to History, Biography* Literature and State Progress 







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[CONTENTS FOR JANUARY 



Charles Sanger Melleh. With Frontispiece: 
By H. H. Meteaif. Illustrated. 

A Macedonian Christian Greek . 
By P. B. Sanborn. Illustrated. 

The House that Ladd Built . 
By George H.gSargent. 

The Chariot of the Srm ... • 

By Everett S. Staclcpole. 

"Family Ower. Powers « * « . 



New Hampshire Necrology • * . . » « 

Editor and Publisher's Notes ....... 

Poems 

By Stewart Everett Rowe, Theodora Chase, Jean McGregor, L. J. H. Frost, 



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issued by The Gr| 



.. Company 

HENRY. H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 



.00 ft*; annum, in advaaee; $1.$0 if not palu In advance. Single copies, 15 cents 

CONCORD, M. H., 1913 



Entered at, the post office at Concord as second-class oiafi matter. 






338MMK*W EM* •■..■:.■- «««««!?«&» 



■ 



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The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLV, No. 1 



JANUARY, 1918 New Series, Vol. 8, No. 1 



CHARLES SANGER MELLEN 

By H. H. Metcalf 



Nothing has contributed more to 
the world's material prosperity, or 
die progress of civilization itself, in 
the last half century, than the growth 
and development of transportation 
facilities. The school boy of fifty 
years ago was taught that Agriculture, 
Manufacture and Commerce were the 
three great occupations of civilized 
mankind. The school boy of the pres- 
ent day does not need to be taught 
that Transportation is an industry of 
equal importance with those, and that 
without its cooperation there would 
be no prosperity for either. 

That there have been tremendous 
abuses incident to this wonderful 
development is not to be denied. 
Ambition and avarice have found 
ready field therein for the exercise of 
their arts; but here, as in every field 
of modern enterprise, good has tran- 
scended evil, and the outcome has 
been vastly advantageous, on the 
whole, to the country and mankind. 

If it be true, as undoubtedly it is, 
that New England has suffered a 
relative loss, through the develop- 
ment and perfection of the country's 
transportation system, it is none the 
less true that upon its wisely directed 
use and improvement it must largely 
depend for future advantage and 
prosperity. Nor is it to be forgotten 
that no section has contributed more 
m genius, energy, and enterprise, as 
well as capital, to the development 
in question than has New Englaricl. 
The sons of New Hampshire, in fact, 
have been at the front in the projec- 
tion, construction or operation of 



most of the great railway lines in the 
country, and today a New Hampshire 
man, who has had a wider, more 
varied and successful experience in 
practical railroad operation than any 
other man in the country, stands at 
the head of the combined railway 
system of New England, and to him, 
more than to any other man. must its 
people look for the promotion of 
their own material prosperity. 

Charles Sanger Mellen, though 
born in Lowell, Mass., August 16, 
1851, came of New Hampshire stock, 
and was reared from early childhood 
in New Hampshire's capital city, 
receiving here his education and early 
business training, and forming at- 
tachments, that no lapse of time has 
broken. His father, the late George 
Kingsbury Mellen, was a native of 
the town of Alstead, in Cheshire 
County, and learned the trade of a 
hatter in the town of Claremont, 
being employed by Charles Holt 
Sanger, whose daughter, Hannah 
Maria, he subsequently married. He 
followed his trade in Boston and, 
later, in Lowell, but removed with 
his family to Concord in 1855, when 
Charles S. was four years of age. 
Their first home here was on Union 
Street, in the south tenement of a 
double house still standing, and now 
owned by Dennis Green, on the east 
side of the street, next below the Ab- 
bott house, and but a stone's throw 
in fact from the house in which the 
late George F. Evans, vice president 
and general manager of the Maine 
Central Railroad, was born and 



The Granite Monthly 



reared, so that in childhood days, these 
two successful railway operators, in 
whose careers Concord people have 
long taken special pride, doubtless 
came in frequent contact. 

The family soon removed, however, 
to a house at the corner of Wall and 
Elm streets, and a little later to one 
on Thompson Street, corner of Myr- 
tle, which had been built as an in- 
vestment by the late Lowell Eastman, 
and which became their permanent 
residence, until a few years before 



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George Kingsbury Mellen 

the death of Mr. Mellen, senior, 
when it was sold to M r. H. C. Osgood, 
the present owner, Mr. Mellen remov- 
ing to the house on Rumford Street, 
where he died, August 31, 1909, his 
wife having passed away five years 
earlier. He had been many years in 
the hat, cap and fur trade in Concord, 
was a kindly, lovable man, with the , 
finest sense of honor, was especially 
fond of children, and was universally 
esteemed and respected. 

Charles S. was the oldest child. 
Two other sons died young, and there 
were two daughters, Marietta, who 
married the late Sam Butterfield, a 
son of Hon. William Butterfield, long 



editor of the Xew Hampshire Patriot. 
and died a few years since, and Cora, 
now the wife of Herbert G. Abbot of 
Concord, long known as one of the 
best soprano singers in the city. 

The first school attended by young 
Mellen was the private one, conducted 
by Miss Mary L. Burgin, daughter of 
Hon. Hall Burgin, a man of note in 
the county who had removed to Con- 
cord from Allenstown. Miss Burgin's 
school was largely attended and be- 
came quite noted, her ability as a 
teacher being -marked. It was in 
the house on Fayette Street, near 
South, on or near the site of the 
present Chandler School. From this 
school he went to the Intermediate 
School in the two room building on 
Myrtle Street, which has since been 
enlarged by the addition of one story 
and transformed into a four-tenement 
house. Among his schoolmates here 
were Frank E. Brown, now assistant 
general passenger agent of the Boston 
& Maine Railroad, and Henry Robin- 
son, later mayor and postmaster of 
Concord. From this school he went 
to the Rumford Grammar School, 
among the teachers whom he recalls 
in the latter, during his attendance, 
being Miss Tompkins, Miss Julia 
Jones and Miss S. Augusta Gerrish. 
From the Rumford School he entered 
the High School, then located on the 
site of the present Parker School, in 
the building destroyed by fire in 1SS7 
along with the Unitarian Church. 
The late Moses Woolson, a noted 
teacher of his time, who subsequently 
conducted a private school for many 
years, was principal of the High 
School when Mr. Mellen entered, 
which was in 18GG, his wife, Abby 
Gold Woolson, who, later, became 
noted as a writer and lecturer, was 
an assistant teacher. The following 
year John H. Woods became principal, 
and a year later Joseph D. Bartley 
succeeded him, and was the principal 
during the last year of Mr. Melien's 
attendance, he having completed the 
four years' course in three years and 
graduated with the class of 1869, 
which numbered sixteen members at 



C harks Sanger Mellen 



graduation, of whom were Henry 
Robinson and John W. Ford, among 
the boys, and Clara F. Brown, now 
assistant librarian of the Concord 
Public Library, the late Nannie V. 
Butterfi eld, Sarah H. Fifield, Helen 
M- Peverly and Mary L. Thompson 
of the girls, the latter, since distin- 
guished as an author and teacher, 
being the valedictorian and ranking 
"Xo. l,' r though Mr. Mellen ranked 
practically even with her, and is said 
by Mr. Ford, who vividly recalls his 
school bov association with him. to 



late Prof. John H. Morey, of whom 
he took piano lessons for a long time. 
also studying the organ to some extent, 
and who, by the way, was one of the 
most successful musicians of his day, 
though he probably never made over 
$1,000 per year from his profession, as 
an ideal man, whose career he well 
might emulate. 

During his last year in the High 
School Misses Abby B. Parker, who 
subsequently married the late Francis 
H. Fiske. and Sarah E. Blair, now the 
widow of Moses Dole of Campton, 



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The Mellen House, Thompson St., Concord. Nov? Owned by H. C. Osgood 



have been the best all around scholar 
of the class, as proven by the fact 
that he covered in three years the 
work done by the others in four, while, 
at the same time, taking lessons out- 
^de of school hours in music, and also 
m draughting. Music and drawing 
were lines in which he excelled, par- 
ticularly the former, and the fact that 
he for some time seriously thought 
of becoming a professional musician 
is commented upon by most people 
hi Concord who remember him as a 
young man. He is said by ex-Mayor 
Robinson, who was in school with 
hsm throughout, to have regarded the 



and still living in that town, were the 
assistant teachers. Miss Blair, who 
was then boarding with Mrs. James 
H. Rowell at the corner of Green and 
School streets, nearly opposite the 
High School building, had a high 
regard for young Mellen, and always 
felt sure of him both in scholarship 
and deportment. Mrs. Rowell, who 
still occupies the old home, recalls a 
circumstance which illustrates the 
good standing of the young man in 
school and the pride which he took 
in the same. At one time, near the 
close of the term, as Miss Blair was 
at work on her report cards, showing 



The Granite Monthly 



standing in deportment and scholar- 
ship, she remarked to Mrs. liowell, 
"Here is one that I am going to 
mark perfect now, throughout," 
showing her the same. 




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standing and how much he regretted 
this failure. 

The universal testimony of those 
who attended school with him is that 
he was, while not specially brilliant, 
a good scholar in all branches, seldom, 
if ever, failing in anything. If he 
particularly excelled in anything it 
was in mathematics, but he was good 
in Latin, in English, and all other 
studies. He also entered heartily into 
the sports of the day such as they 
were, though decidedly different from 
those now obtaining. He was a boy 
among boys, fun-loving and full of 
life; ready to play innocent tricks 
upon his mates, and getting, and 
bearing in good part, full measure 
of retaliation in kind. 

While friendly and on good terms 
with the members of his class, one 
one of them was his close chum. The 
one specially favored in this line, 
according to all accounts, was Henry 



Old Concord High School from State Street, 

"That is Charlie Mellen V" re- 
sponded Mrs. Row-ell. "How do 
you know but he will fail somewhere, 
or do something out of the way before 
school closes?" 

'" Oh, I am sure he won't, " said Miss 
Blair. 

It so happened, however, that as 
the scholars were filing out of the 
room not long after, young Mellen, 
whose attention was otherwise at- 
tracted just then, did not start the 
moment he should, and one Charles 
Clough got into his place, seeing which 
Mellen started upon the impulse of 
the moment and crowded around 
ahead of Clough — a procedure against 
the rules, which necessitated marking 
him down, much to Miss Blair's 
regret. Mrs. Rowell remembers that 
he called to talk with Miss Blair about 
the matter soon after, telling her how 
hard he had tried to insure a perfect 



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Charles S. Mellen as a High School Graduate 

W. Stevens, a year or two younger 
than he, now a prominent Concord 
lawyer, son of the late Hon. Lyman 
D. Stevens, whose home 'was then 
near by his, and with whom he spent 



Charles. Sanger Mellen 



much time in all sorts of games and 
amusements. The two lads were 
together a great deal in war time 
days; saw the various regiments in 
camp and witnessed their departure 
for the front. The war spirit entered 
into their sport, and the building and 
manning of mimic forts was one of 
their chief diversions. Mr. Stevens 
now recalls the fact that young 
Mellen was greatly interested in the 
war news, and used to read with 
avidity everything he could find in 
the papers pertaining thereto. 

September 22. 1869, the fall after 
his graduation from the High School, 
being then eighteen years of age, Mr. 
Mellen commenced what ultimately 
became a most remarkable career as 
a railroad man, as a clerk in the 
Northern Railroad office in Concord 
under Frank D. Abbot, who had just 
succeeded Daniel C. Allen as chief 
clerk and cashier, receiving at the 
start the munificent salary of S25 
per month; it still being his purpose 
to continue the study of music, and 
to devote his surplus earnings to the 
furtherance of such object. He con- 
tinued in the office until May, 1S72, 
winning the confidence and good will 
of both his employer and fellow 
employes. 

Mr. Abbot, who is now superin- 
tendent of repairs for the American 
Express Company in Boston, speaks 
of Mr. Mellen as one of the best 
clerks he ever knew, neat in dress 
and pleasant in manner, remarkably 
quick witted and rapidly mastering 
all the details of his work. Mr. 
Charles ,F. Nichols, who was a clerk 
in the railroad office when Mellen 
entered, was friendly with him and the 
two worked together a good deal while 
engaged in invoicing vouchers, Nichols 
taking pains to instruct his associate 
in his work at first; but it was not 
long, he says, before the young 
man got ahead of his instructor. 
Everybody about the office liked the 
young man very much, except Super- 
intendent Todd, in getting into whose 
good graces he seemed to make no 
headway, and there is still a lingering 



suspicion in some quarters that he 
did not try very hard. Mr. Todd 
used to complain to Mr. Abbot about 
Mellen's whistling so much. "He 
can't help that," Abbot would reply, 
"he's full of music." "He'll never 
make a railroad man,'' was Todd's 
response: but Abbot stoutly defended 
him and insisted he was the best clerk 
he had — accurate, systematic and 
reliable. He declared, in fact, that 
he was the only real clerk he had ever 
seen. Governor Stearns, the presi- 
dent, did not agree with Mr. Todd. 
He took a strong liking to young 
Mellen and placed great confidence 
in him, which he manifested in many 
ways, then and later. 

In May, 1872, Mr. Mellen went 
with Albert M. Shaw, chief engineer 
of the Vermont Central Railroad, as 
his clerk, with headquarters at St. 
Albans, remaining until the following 
spring when he returned to Concord, 
and took the position which Mr. 
Abbot had held, the latter then going 
to the Abbot-Downing Company. 

It was manifestly during this period 
of Mr. Mellen's service in St. Albans, 
if ever, that the basis was established 
for the paragraph in Isaac F. Mar- 
cosson's leading article in the January 
issue of Mimsey's Magazine, on "The 
Railroad Alinement, " wherein in 
speaking of E. J. Chamberlin, the 
new president of the Grand Trunk 
Railway (also a New Hampshire boy, 
born and reared in the town of Lan- 
caster), he says: 

"That shabby little workroom at 
St. Albans proved to be a training 
school for at least two great railroad 
men; for at the very next desk to 
Chamberlin's sat a plump, keen-eyed 
youth who stuck to his work and 
never minded the clock. This young 
clerk's name was Charles S. Mellen, 
now president of the New York, New 
Haven & Hartford, and 'transporta- 
tion czar 7 of all New England. By a 
queer prank of fate Chamberlin and 
Mellen were afterward the chief 
figures in the fight over the entry of 
the Grand Trunk into Boston.'' 

After his return to Concord, in the 



The Granite Monthly 



spring of 1S72, Mr. Mellen remained 
with the Northern Railroad for eight 
years, serving as Superintendent's 
clerk, chief clerk, and assistant treas- 
urer, giving close attention to duty, 
and developing marked ability as an 
accountant. In 1880 he went as as- 
sistant to the general manager of the 
Boston & Lowell Railroad at Boston; 
from September, 1881, to March, 
1883, he was auditor of the Boston, 
Lowell & Concord; was superinten- 
dent of the Boston & Lowell in 1S83- 
84 and general superintendent from 
1884 to 1888. 



k 

\ 4 



Charles S. Mellen at 40 Years 

In the latter year he was called to 
the service of the Union Pacific Rail- 
road, as assistant purchasing agent, 
soon becoming assistant manager, and 
subsequently, from 1889 to 1892, 
general traffic manager. In 1892 he 
returned east, as general manager of 
the New York & New England" Rail- 
road at Boston, but, in October of 
that year he was made a vice-presi- 
dent of the New York, New Haven & 
Hartford, and was actively connected 
with the management of that road 
until September 1, 1897, when he re- 
signed to accept the presidency of the 



Northern Pacific, devoting the next 
six years most effectively to the 
rehabilitation, development and up- 
lifting of that great system. 

When he went to the latter cor- 
poration it was freely predicted that 
he would be back with the New Haven 
ere many years had passed. Six years 
later the prediction came true, and in 
1903 he returned to the New Haven 
as its president, to the multifarious 
and burdensome duties of which of- 
fice, increased in 1910 by those of the 
Boston & Maine presidency, he has 
given all of the tremendous strength 
and energy of his nature up to the 
present time, when the cares and re- 
sponsibilities of his position have 
become greater and more trying than 
ever before, and the wonder is that 
he carries the weight and bears the 
strain without any sign of weakening 
or discouragement, harassed and be- 
set as he has been by all manner of 
opposition and obstacle. 

As showing the thought and feeling 
uppermost in his mind upon coming 
into the presidency of the Boston & 
Maine, and assuming supreme control 
of the old roads with which his first 
sen-ice had been rendered, it is related 
that in a conversation with one of the 
heads of departments, just after the 
directors' meeting at which he had 
been elected, the latter remarked to 
Mr. Mellen: " I suppose this must be 
a very gratifying moment to you." 

" Yes," replied he, but with no tone 
of elation, or sign of exultation, "Yes, 
but it means work — work!" 

And with a thoughtful, far-away 
look he added : " I wish my old father 
were alive." 

Mr. Mellen was united in marriage, 
September 23, 1875, with Marion 
Beardsley Foster of St. Albans, Yt., who 
died March 27, 1892, leaving two chil- 
dren, a son, Graham Kingsbury, born 
May 10, 1880, a graduate of St. Paul's 
School and Yale University, and now 
eastern agent of the Keystone Coal 
and Coke Company at New York; 
and a daughter, Marion Foster, an- 
other son having died. On November 
15, 1893, he married Katharine Lloyd 



Charles .Sanger Mellen 



Livingston of Brooklyn by whom he 
has five children living — Kathryn, 
Amory, Raymond, Candace and Pris- 
cilla, two others having died young. 

The family home is in New Haven. 
389 Whitney Avenue, while as a sum- 
mer residence Mr. Mellen has a fine 
estate in Stoekbridge, 'Mass., where 
the family spends much time, remain- 
ing usually until after the Thanks- 
giving season. 

Mr. Mellen became a member of 
Eureka Lodge, No. 70, A. F. & A. M., 
of Concord, February 5, 1SS0, and 
subsequently joined Trinity Chapter, 
K. A. M., still retaining his member- 
ship in both organizations. 

In setting forth the character and 
characteristics of any man the impres- 
sions of those who knew him well in 
early life and have been more or less 
familiar with his career from the start 
are to be given due consideration. 
Reference has already been made to 
what is said of Mr. Mellen in his boy- 
hood and youth by some of those who 
were his associates. Others who have 
known him well speak no less freely 
in pleasant remembrance of their 
association with him, and of the 
qualities of his nature which endeared 
him to those with whom he came .most 
in contact, and commanded general 
esteem. 

Mr. John F. Webster, who has been 
cashier of the Concord Railroad since 
18G5 — a longer service, by the way, in 
all probability, than that of any other 
man connected with any of the cor- 
porations centering in Concord, and 
whose office has been continuously 
at the railway station here, recalls 
clearly the time when Mr. Mellen 
commenced service as a clerk in the 
Northern office, and the impression 
he made as an earnest and diligent 
young man; his popularity with his 
associates, and his readiness to per- 
form his part in any line of duty or 
obligation. He especially remembers 
his interest and activity in connection 
with the annual " reunions," held by 
the Concord and Northern Railroad 
employes, which were then a joromi- 
nerit feature in the social life of the 



community, or that particular portion 
thereof. 

Mr. Frank E. Brown, previously 
mentioned as an early and later 
schoolmate of Mr. Mellen, and who 
subsequently came in contact with 
him in railway service, having been 
himself engaged therein all his active 
life,„was more or less intimate with 
him from childhood until the time 
when he left Concord, their mutual 
love for music, undoubtedly, giving 
strength to their attachment. They 
studied and practiced together many 
hours, Mr. Brown being a frequent 
visitor at the Mellen home for this 
purpose and naturally becoming fa- 
miliar with the family life therein. 
'''Charlie, 7 ' as he was known then and 
always at home and in the community, 
was ever a good boy, and the apple of 
his mother's eye, so to speak. He 
was well cared for and his friends were 
always cordially welcomed. In re- 
turn he was alway kindly considerate 
of his parents and their welfare. 

In this connection it may be stated 
that Mr. Charles Nichols recalls his 
devotion to his mother during a time 
when several members of the family 
were ill with diphtheria, and finally 
she, herself, was stricken with the 
disease. Nurses were not at hand in 
those days as now, but the sick had 
to be looked after and young Mellen 
saw to it that his mother and the 
others -did not want for care, just as 
he saw to it all through their later 
years that "father" and " mother" 
lacked nothing essential to their wel- 
fare. If he was his mother's pride and 
joy in childhood, he was his father's 
chum and confidant, when they were 
together in later years, as was per- 
haps natural from the fact that he 
was the only boy in the family to 
grow up. 

Perhaps no better index of the 
young man's character, as formed at 
that time, can be found than is afforded 
by a page in a mental autograph 
album, so called, still possessed by 
Mr. Nichols, in which, in connection 
with his photograph and autograph, 
the latter written in the same strong, 



The Granite Monthly 









Charles S. Mellen at 50 Years 



Charles .Sanger Mcllen 



9 



handsome hand, familiar to all who 
have seen his signature in later years, 
Mr. Mellen gave his favorites, in 
various lines, following the printed 
questions, this being under date of 
March 6, 1873 — almost forty years 
ago. There his favorite flower is 
given as the "Violet"; tree, the 
"Elm";' season, "Autumn"; names- 
male and female — , "Father and 
Mother"; poet "Whittier"; prose 
author, "Miss Douglas": character in 
Romance, "'Claudia"; Character in 
History, "Napoleon I"; trait of char- 
acter most admired in man, "Hon- 
esty"; in woman, "Constancy"; trait 
most detested in each, "Gossipping. " 

"Charlie never did a mean thing," 
says Mr. Nichols,. He was every- 
body's friend and a general favorite, 
and his sympathies were for the 
"under dog" in every situation. He 
was thoroughly democratic as well as 
kind-hearted — characteristics which 
he has retained through life. He 
would leave an associate or compan- 
ion to help a poor old lady needing 
assistance in boarding a train with 
her bundles, and, in the midst of 
pressing cares of vast magnitude, has 
been known to turn aside and see to 
it that a disabled trainman in needy 
circumstances should be provided 
with a situation insuring means of 
subsistence for himself and family. 

In further testimony of his demo- 
cratic habits as well as his remem- 
brance of, and regard for, old friends, 
John W. Ford, recalls the circum- 
stances of his first, last and only 
meeting with Mr. Mellen since the 
latter left Concord, a third of a cen- 
tury ago. It was a few years after 
his depature, while he was general 
superintendent of the Boston, Lowell 
and Concord Railroad, that Mr. F., 
while in the old Lowell depot at 
Boston, saw Mr. Mellen, with, a party 
of associate officials as they were 
about to take an elevator for some 
office above. He had no idea that 
Mr. Mellen recognized him, and had 
no disposition to intrude upon his 
notice. ^He did see him, however, 
knew him at once, and, breaking 



away from his dignified associates, 
manifestly not a little to their surprise, 
made a rush toward him, greeting 
him with the old-time "Hello, John," 
grasped his hand with friendly fervor, 
expressed his delight at meeting him 
and plied him with questions about 
the old home city and its people. 

Not only is Mr. Mellen imbued 
by the genuine democratic spirit, 
exhibiting nothing of the manner of 
the "czar" or the autocrat, as those 
who know him well readily attest, 
notwithstanding current opinion to 
the contrary, but his inborn sense of 
justice precludes his sanction of any- 
thing in the line of favoritism. The 
high and the low in his employ are 
subjected to the same rule, and not 
even a close friend or a relative could 
ever safely presume on his favor for 
any special indulgence or neglect of 
duty. 

A recent article in the New York 
Sunday Sun, entitled "President Mel- 
len as His Friends Know Him," 
along with some things entirely inac- 
curate or imaginary, contains much 
which is just and correct. As to the 
record of his management since as- 
suming the presidency of the New 
York and New 7 Haven road, it says, 
with substantial accuracy: 

When the directors of the New Haven road 
picked Mr. Mellen for its head it was declared 
that they had secured the ablest man in the 
business and that he would succeed in build- 
ing up the property as it was said he had 
built up his Western railroad. On the day 
of his arrival in New Haven to assume his 
duties as president Mr. Mellen announced 
that he did not plan to revolutionize the rail- 
road business in New England, but that with 
the backing of the stockholders he did hope 
to develop the New Haven road so that it 
should be second to none in efficiency. 

During the nine years that he has been its 
president the New Haven road has acquired 
the Boston and Maine, thus controlling prac- 
tically the entire railroad situation in New 
England; has acquired the Connecticut 
Western and developed the Poughkeepsie 
Bridge route via the Ontario and Western, 
so that the New Haven road has access by its 



10 



The Granite Monthly 









T"Ji\ 



^ JL 



: 



^ 1 



'fe 



« * 



* - §9 



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Charles Sanger Mellen 



11 



own lines to the Pennsylvania coal regions; 
has acquired most of the steamship lines 
running out of New York to New* England 
points; has bought or built hundreds of miles 
of trolley roads in Connecticut, Rhode Island 
and Massachusetts; has electrified the main 
line between New York and Stamford and 
has almost extended this electrification to 
New Haven, has expended a million dollars 
in cut improvements in New Haven alone 
and has built new stations in Bridgeport, 
Worcester and other smaller cities and towns 
on its route. And up to less than two years 
ago, when the Federal express ran off the 
track at Bridgeport, it was Mr. Mellen's 
pride that not a passenger had been killed 
on the New Haven system during his term 
as president. 

That Mr. Mellen regarded this as some- 
thing to boast of was apparent when a news- 
paper publisher took him to task because 
he had been delayed in reaching his home town 
after a Yale football championship game in 
New Haven. President Mellen replied that 
he thought it was more to the .credit of the 
road that 30,000 people had been handled 
without accident to a single person than it 
would have been to have had one Connecticut 
editor get home to dinner on time. At that 
time it was boasted that the passenger trains 
on the New Haven road more than ten min- 
utes behind schedule time were less than 5 
per cent, cf the whole number of trains run — 
a record said to be unsurpassed in the world. 

Speaking of his manner and habits 
in tile same article, in the Sun, the 
writer, after alluding to his habit of 
conference with men in the lower 
ranks of service as well as the higher, 
;md of being as well at home on a 
brakeman's seat at the end of a day- 
coach as in a Pullman car, goes on to 
say: - 

For diversion Mr. Mellen is most apt to 
choose the seclusion afforded by his country 
home at Stockbridge, for he is essentially 
domestic in his taste. With his family he 
drops all business cares and enters into the 
diversions of the young people with all the 
enthusiasm that might be expected of a man 
who Lad dropped a quarter of a century- from 
his age. His country home is famed for its 
hospitality, although the entertaining by his 



wife and himself is never suggestive of display. 
On occasion, when in New Haven for the 
winter, Mr. and Mrs. Mellen entertain elab- 
orately. Mr. Mellen apparently does not 
enjoy social affairs much, and is seldom seen 
at social gatherings unless accompanying his 
daughter or some other member of the family. 
The theatre apparently offers no more attrac- 
tions to him than a pink tea or a college 
reception. • ■ 

On the rare occasions when he is at recep- 
tions and the like he is generally the centre of 
a group of men who like to corner him and 
get him to talk. For he is a good talker, 
Stockholders' meetings of the New Haven 
-Toad were never so well attended as they 
have been since he took charge. He invari- 
ably has an interesting heart to heart talk 
with the stockholders. As an after diimer 
speaker he has been in great demand the last 
half dozen years. If he doesn't talk shop he 
is sure to discuss some question of interest to 
his hearers. 

No man in the railroad world to- 
day is so much talked about and so 
vigorously condemned — unjustly con- 
demned, as his friends maintain — as 
is Mr. Mellen; yet even his critics 
give him high praise for ability and 
achievement. In an address before 
the Boston Wool Trade Association, 
January 11, Sherman L. Whipple, 
the brilliant Boston lawyer, himself 
a son of New Hampshire, in speaking 
of Mr. Mellen and his w r ork, said: 

There seems to be a general agreement that 
Mr. Mellen is an efficient railroad executive. 
He came to the New Haven board a few years 
ago with an excellent record of performance. 
No one can read the record of his achieve- 
ments in building up and systematizing the 
New Haven road without a sense of admira- 
tion for his ability and efficiency as a railroad 
genius. 

Under his administration millions upon 
millions of capital have been expended in the 
construction of a railroad system intended to 
be adequate for the transportation needs of 
New England. He has shown genius, fore- 
sight and a comprehensive grasp in his schemes 
of upbuilding. 

The plans which he has outlined for the 
future, involving the physical connection of 



12 



The Granite Monthly 



the New Haven and Boston & Maine roads 
into one great system, and for the expenditure 
of more millions in building up the efficiency 
of both roads, show not only great sagacity 
and wisdom, but a great benefit to the trans- 
portation service of New England. 

Furthermore, no one, I believe, can read 
Mr. Mellen's recent statements without 
being convinced that he conscientiously and 
honestly believes, not only that he has been 
guilty of no misconduct in what he has done, 
but that he has fully and faithfully discharged 
his duty as he lias understood it. He evi- 
dently feels sincerely that the critcisms to 
which he has been subjected are unwarranted 
and unjust. 



into his confidence, as it were, but to 
work solely for the interests of his 
stockholders, regarding the same as 
the final test, conceding him, however, 
to be entirely sincere in his view. 

This opinion by Mr. Whipple will 
hardly be coincided with by fair- 
minded men in New Hampshire when 
they consider the letter and spirit of 
Mr. Mellen's address before the 
Wonolancet Club of Concord ; deliv- 
ered October 21, 1910, a few days 
after he assumed the presidency of 
the Boston ec Maine Railroad; and 
when they consider, farther, that as 
far as he is concerned, and has been 



F 



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S sfrw.'tj^ 



!l@£ . 



mm 



&;* .-».»* ■-••'."«>>: 



Mr. Mellen's Summer Home at Stockbridge, Mass. 



The expenditures which have been made 
and those which are contemplated demon- 
strate a sincere desire on the part of the New 
Haven road and its management to serve the 
city of Boston and New England to the best 
of their ability and do all that lies within their 
power to promote the well-being and prosper- 
ity of the industries and commerce of New 
England. 

Mr Whipple then went on to speak 
of the unpopularity and condemna- 
tion to which Mr. Meilen is subjected 
in so large measure at this time, and 
to attribute the same to a disposition 
on his part not to regard the rights 
of the public, or to take the latter 



able to act, every pledge and promise 
embodied, or involved therein, has 
been faithfully kept and fulfilled. 
For the information of readers of 
the Granite Monthly interested 
in the fair adjustment of the relations 
between the railroad and the people, 
without which there can be neither 
peace nor prosperity for either, the 
address referred to is reproduced 
below : 

Mr. Mellen's Wonolancet Club Address 

Mr. President and Gentlemen: 

In addressing you this evening I want to 
remark that I am not unfamiliar with the 
saying that "a prophet is not without honor 



Charles Sanger Mellen 



13 



save in his own country," and at the same 
time assure you that achievements elsewhere 
will never satisfy that craving which consumes 
every man, not born to power and wealth, 
to achieve the honor and respect, and to 
enjoy the confidence of that community 
which knows so well of his days of small 
beginnings as do the neighbors and friends 
of his boyhood. 

"Breathes there a man with soul so dead 
That never to himself has said, 
This is my own, my native land!" 

This is my own country; you are of my own 
people, and you should. trust me and grant 
that time, so necessary, in which to work out 
the problems that have vexed you, and cf 
which a successful solution is as necessary 
to your interests as to .those I have been se- 
lected to protect and represent. 

It is not often given to a man who has left 
his home to seek that fortune which we all 
look for. and which so few achieve, to be 
railed back, after lcng years of toil in other 
vineyards, to help solve the problem that 
have vexed the patience of his comrades, his 
neighbors of early life; but when such oppor- 
tunity does come to pass it will surely call 
for all there is in him to merit and secure in 
his old home, certainly, a modicum of that 
which has been given so freely and apparently 
with good will elsewhere. 

For me the "Suwanee River'* will always 
flow through Concord. Here is where my 
old folks stay. Here is where all the inspira- 
tion came from, that has held me true to 
the line of my duty, when temptation was 
strong, when courage was waning, when 
failure seemed impending; and it is here, 
with the lapse of a little time, I shall hope to 
rest with my neighbors, my friends of long 
ago, to learn whether it has been well or ill; 
whether I have done the things I ought not 
to have clone, and left undone the tilings I 
ought to have done; whether I shall hear the, 
'Well done, good and faithful servant," 
that in the ultimate is the only reward worth 
while. 

It is always well to have ideals but it Is 
hnrd to try- and force those who think differ- 
ently to your own way of attaining them. 
Meuls are desirable, as the goals which we 
should all strive to reach, though but few 
may attain them. If the striving makes us 
a little better — if by such striving we make 



progress toward better conditions — our work 
has not been in vain though we fall far short 
of our mark. 

My coming to this property, it is true, is a 
coming back home; but it is, also, falling heir 
to an inmense amount of work that is going "" 
to tax my strength, and not unlikely your 
patience, most seriously. 

With every disposition, with ample means, 
it is going to take time in which to find cars 
and locomotives, to build shops and bridges, 
and to bring about conditions, which it will 
be my pride as well as yours to accomplish; 
that shall make this great property a most 
efficient agency of your prosperity, and that 
you : may praise it, and feel that those in 
charge of its affairs are looking sharply after 
all that may be done to make your state one 
of .the great pleasure grounds of the whole 
country, as it should be, and see that your 
cities do not suffer discrimination in markets 
for the product of their manufacturies, but 
are able to place that produce, on equal terms 
with their competitors, in all the markets of 
this country, and if possible, in all the mar- 
kets of the world. 

Help me to realize your ideals. Let us 
work together that they may materialize; 
but do not take it too much to heart if we 
fall a little short of our desires. Ideals real- 
ized leave nothing to strive for, and some of 
us, it seems to me, have had no proper train- 
ing to sit still, or to produce other than discord 
in attempting playing on harps. 

I am advised that the people of New 
Hampshire complain that the company has 
been too active in the political affairs of this 
state, and I wish to assure you it will, hereafter 
do nothing which is not in accord with the 
soundest principles which should govern 
public service corporations in their public 
relations. To be specific : 

We shall not interfere, in any way, with 
the election of members of the legislature or 
of other public officers. 

We shall not give or offer to any public 
officer, directly or indirectly, any consideration 
which shall tend to influence him in the per- 
formance of his public duties. 

We shall do away with the lobby, in the 
sense in which that term is commonly used. 
We. must, however, employ the ablest talent 
we can secure to present to the legislature 
our views upon pending legislation affecting 



14 



The Granite Monthly 



our company. At the end of the next leg- 
islative session there w>ll be no complaint 
about the pernicious activity of any lobby 
employed in our interest. 

Our business before your legislature will 
be in charge of Mr. E. J. Rich who under- 
stands the changed policy of the company, 
and is in hearty accord with the same. I 
do not believe either you or I will have any 
occasion to criticise any act of his, or that is 
with his approval. 

To my great regret, at the beginning of 
my administration, I find two great lawsuits 
in progress between our company and your 
state officials, to which I shall refer briefly: 

The first I will speak of is the rate case. 

My own views are set forth in a letter to 
your governor — the first letter I wrote after 
becoming president of this company, — and 
in this connection let me say: 

I would much have preferred to restore the 
old rates immediately, but this was beyond 
my power, the interests of other roads being 
so seriously affected, and, besides, such action 
must have resulted in raising many rates 
above the present standard, which would 
have been misunderstood, and h'kely as not 
immediately enjoined by the interstate com- 
merce commission. Further, such action 
would have been seriously misinterpreted 
and furnished material for farther misrepre- 
sentation. 

From such examination of the existing 
rates as I have had time to make, I am of the 
opinion that the objection to them is more 
that the}' are considered by so many to be 
illegal, rather than that they are unreasonable, 
and it is a condition, or state of mind, with 
which we must deal. Is it not better that 
the whole matter should be carefully consid- 
ered and settled by the incoming legislature 
rather than by any severely technical con- 
struction of the law? 

We both want a better railroad than we 
now have, and to get it there must be a large 
amount of money raised before it can be 
expended and the desired result reached. 

Are you willing to help me get this money 
and improve this property, making it an 
efficient, up-to-date railroad, or do you prefer 
to have this litigation dra ^ its weary length 
to a decision which will surely satisfy nobody, 
and which, if it results in the old rates being 
again made effective, will seriously, I am 
afraid, discriminate against industries in 



your state as compared with similar ones 
located elsewhere. 

It is a time when it is much better to fore- 
gather, and see what is best to be done for 
all, rather than that either should win its 
contentions at law; and the advent of new 
men to the administration of the property 
affords an opportunity to arrive at a solution 
that should hurt no one, rather than have a 
decision handed down that may give us all 
what we do not want. 

A corporation is for the time being only the 
personality of the men in charge of its affairs. 
Men come and go, but the corporation stays. 
New men have come before you as the Boston 
& Maine Railroad. Why not test them and 
see if they are what they should be; sit down 
with them and thresh out your controversies- 
discuss your troubles? Those who fore- 
gather much always find relief. 

I believe our interests are common — 
that you will find more and more difficult 
the road to prosperity if you seek to travel 
it alone. That we should work together does 
not seem to me to admit of argument, and 
I extend to you the right hand of fellowship. 

I solicit your partnership, and assure you 
I can carry a heavy burden when put to the 
test, and believe I can truly say, after many 
years of trial in many places in this country, 
that those who have trusted me have never 
gone empty handed, or turned away to cast 
stones. 

The second great lawsuit to which I have 
referred is the tax suit. 

The railroad property should pay its full 
tax under the law, but its taxes should be 
assessed, as are other taxes in the state, on 
the same basis of valuation. Taxes should 
be fair and equitable and legal. They should 
not be punitive, and to make them so is to 
drive away from the railroads of the state 
the capital so necessary for their improve- 
ment for their and your development. 

The state of New Hampshire has not ar- 
rived at that stage of development that it 
can furnish the capital for all it needs itself, 
and it must at least offer the inducement of 
fair treatment, in the matter of taxation, 
to outside capital, if it Is to prosper. It is 
upon the investment of outside capital in 
your midst that your prosperity so much 
depends. 

Desiring to avoid controversy, and com- 



Charles Sanger Mellen 15 

mence with the people of New Hampshire A poor and broken-down railroad is not 

with a clean slate, I am ready to sit down an efficient agent of prosperity in any com- 

with your responsible officials and settle this munity, and if anything is needed in New 

tmit, paying everything which the Boston & England today, it is a more efficient trans- 

Maine should pay, basing the valuation of portation system than it is now possessed of. 

its property as other property within the state I hope I may help, somewhat, toward that 

is valued for purposes of taxation. _ most desirable result, but it must be done 

It is my opinion that the present taxes with your cooperation, for neither of us can 

would never have been assessed had not accomplish much more than increase the irri- 

prejudice and a desire to punish had greater tation if we attempt to reach that result 

influence than a desire to be just. alone and by different ways. 



GOLD 

By Stewart Everett Rowe 

ff May flowers bloom for you beneath the snow/' dear, 
That's what you wrote to me without the "dear": 

But still, I dare to dream (because I know, dear), 
You meant the sentence as I've penned it here. 

For Mary Moulton. off there in the distance, 
No matter how the Ships of Life may list, 

In more than one Divine and Heavenly instance, 
I hear you whisper softly through the mist; 

Yes, hear you whisper to this strange old heart, dear, 
And though you don't say much, you speak to me 

In tones that let me know we'll never part, dear, 
In spite of all the many things to be! 

And in return I say: "I'll never doubt you — 
You or the friendship that for me you hold; 

For this lone life would weaker be without you, 
So, Mary Moulton, you to me, are Gold!" 

May flowers bloom for you beneath the snow, dear, 
And may the world be dear and kind to you; 

I trust and hope that some day you will know, dear, 
I liked you better than perhaps you knew! 



. VANISHED STARS 

By Theodora Chase 

Look up in the sky, wonder! 
Why are the stars so few? 
They have melted from out the azure 
As sunlight dries the dew. 



16 The Granite Monthly 

, We counted them once by the million, 

- Bright like the eyes that sought, 
O Time give us back our treasure, 

Undo what thou hast wrought! 

Ah, still as the years glide onward, 
And fast each season flies, 

Some stars we shall all be missing 
Forever from our skies. 

But those that remain are dearer 
Than the countless throngs of old, 

They shine to our dimming vision 
Not silver now, but gold. 

And the moon seems larger, nearer, 

- To age than to youthful sight, 
,For it floods the sky with splendor, 

As fades the stars' fair light. 

And thus to our failing vision 
The Great Light draweth near, 

As we lose the stars beloved, 
His light shines full and clear. 



O, LITTLE MAID OF LONG AGO 

By Jean MeGregor 

O, little maid with eyes of blue, 

Across the years I look at you. 
Your golden curls are hanging low; 

Atop your head a satin bow. 
Your cheek is just the faintest pink, 

Your steadfast eyes refuse to shrink. 
Your lips have never framed a lie, 

In scorn they e'en refuse to try. 
And you'll be always, always true — 

Old-fashioned maid, with eyes of blue. 
***** 

Ah, Little Maid of Long Ago, 

Within your heart as pure as snow 
There burns the crimson cross of woe. 

Your golden curls are silvere-d now, 
Your head submissive seems to bow. 

Those tired eyes look so far away, 
With longing for the Reckoning Day. 

For only God can tr-\\ you why 
He sends the emm } the tears, the sigh. 

But in your eyes I read the truth. 
What others sow you reap, forsooth! 
. You've done your best and God doth know, 
O, Little Maid of Long Ago. 



XI 



A MACEDONIAN CHRISTIAN GREEK 



By F, B. Sanborn 



The readers of St. Paul's Epistles 
will readily see how fast and how 
firmly Christianity established itself 
in ancient -Macedonia, under the 
brave and fervent missionary labors 
of the convert from Tarsus in Cilicia. 
Cilicia and Macedonia were both but 
small portions of the huge empire 
of Alexander of Macedon, 

''Who fought secure of fortune as of 
fame/ 7 - 

and overran vast countries almost 
with the celerity of a trading caravan, 
crossing the wide spaces that meas- 
ured the much smaller extent of the 
Persian Empire he subdued. Yet, 
making allowance for centuries in- 
stead of decades (which new religions 
require for taking root, where armies 
merely march and retreat), the spread 
of Christianity, preceded by Paul, 
seems almost as great a miracle as 
the campaigns of Alexander. Where 
the converted Jew was preaching in 
synagogues and writing to the faithful 
few at Philippi, at Thessalonica and 
among the other little churches of 
Macedonia, in the first Christian 
century, there had sprung up in the 
third and fourth centuries, numberless 
churches, many bishoprics, and a 
whole people of the new faith, instead 
of the scattered minority, persecuted 
and suffering, whom Paul encouraged 
and to whom he made his fatherly 
complaints. You may still see, as 
I did, twenty years ago, churches at 
Salonica, now mosques, where the 
legend is that Paul preached, though 
it is evident they are of later construc- 
tion, and imply the power of numbers, 
and not the feebleness of the first 
converts; who probably met in their 
own houses, when the Jewish syna- 
gogues were not offered for Paul's 
fervid discourses. 

But Christianity in Macedon, like 
the philosophy of Aristotle at his 
native Stagira, culminated and was 



eclipsed in course of ten or twelve 
centuries; and a more warlike and 
simpler religion, that of Islam, came 
there to take its place; or rather, to 
succeed in the misgovernment of 



m^k 



Shepherd of Olympus 

the land of Philip and Alexander. 
Then began centuries of scornful tol- 
erance and malevolent or indifferent 
cruelty and oppression in Macedonia, 
which have now ended forever, as 
we trust.- While the partitioning or 
the protection of the fair land, and 



IS 



The Granite Monthly 



its motley and interbreeding races, 
is going forward, let me give some 
account of an interesting branch of a 
Greek Christian family, residing in a 
district of Macedonia not far from 
Mount Olympus, but early rescued 
by a kinsman from the pecuniary 



part of the boundary between Mace- 
donia and Thessaly, there was born 
a^ Christian child whom we may call 
Eleutheria Zographos, about forty 
years ago. By chance or Providence, 
her mother had an uncle, Mavros, 
who had found his way to the United 




Eleutheria at the Age of 18 



exactions and the personal risk and 
shame that too often accompanied 
the life of young Christian women in 
every country misgoverned by the 
Ottoman power.' 

In a village in sight of Olympus, 
the romantic mountain which makes 



States, obtained an education, be- 
come a Protestant, studied divinity, 
married a Bostonian Baptist young 
woman, and had been sent back to 
Athens as a minister-at-large and 
missionary among the humble people 
of that once ruined, but now pros- 



A Macedonian Christian Greek 



19 



pering city. Having established him- 
self there, and having no children of 
his marriage, he bethought himself of 
his kindred in ill-governed Macedonia, 
and adopted a grandchild of his 
sister, then a lively and promising 
girl, and brought her up a Protestant 
in Athens, where he had a small Bap- 
tist chapel and congregation. 

Good schools by that time existed 
in the Greek capital, and Eleutheria, 
true to her name (Liberty) was lib- 
erally taught, and learned rapidly. 
She was also of a pleasing form and 
favor, and, as she grew to be sixteen, 
and was seen at chapel and in social 
gatherings, she began to have fol- 
lowers; among them she soon dis- 
tinguished a young Briton, Trelawney 
by name, and in due time they were 
betrothed. He had come to Greece 
seeking his fortune, and was in the 
lower mercantile ranks, threading his 
way upward, having a professional 
man for his father in a famous 
English county. All was going well 
with the lovers, and the course of 
true love for once seemed to be run- 
ning smooth, when a sudden cloud 
came up in the North, where we look 
for storms in Attica. 

The family remaining in the Mace- 
donian village was of the Orthodox 
Greek Church, — the original form, 

1 suppose, by which Christianity as 
an ecclesiasticism, had been set up 
in the Roman, as yet undivided, em- 
pire — the Church as by Constantine 
established, with an Emperor prac- 
tically at the head of it. Xow the 
head is a group of Patriarchs; him 
whom the Greeks mostly obey is the 
Greek Patriarch at Constantinople, 
under whom are Archbishops, bishops, 
and priests innumerable, for various 

2 unctions. Suddenly there came 
down from Macedonia, a stately arch- 
bishop, accompanying the mother of 
Eleutheria, demanding that her uncle, 
who had brought her up, should now 
give her up, and should himself be 
punished for perverting her to Prot- 
estantism. The aged and reverend 
Mavros had no difficulty in appealing 
*<> the American Consul, proving 



himself an American citizen of many a 
years' standing, and escaping blame. 
But young Trelawney did not mean 
to run any risks; he took care that 
his affianced bride should make a 
visit to the west of England, where 
his parents lived, and she had sailed 
from Laurium before I reached Athens 
on ray second visit to Greece. With 
some pride, Trelawney, whom I had 
known in a former visit, gave me her 
photograph, taken by the photogra- 
pher to the king and queen, Baron 
Merlin, an excellent artist (painter) 
who had studied at Munich, where 
Boecklin and Lenbach were then the 
more famous painters, but had given 
up his art on marrying a Greek heiress. 
I was then made acquainted with 
the romance, so far as it had gone, but 
did not expect seeing the heroine of 
it, since I was to leave Greece in May, 
and was not to go to the west of Eng- 
land, but only to the north and to 
Scotland. Having done this, and 
sailed for Boston from Liverpool, 
what was my surprise to find in Sep- 
tember that Miss Eleutheria was in 
Boston, visiting her uncle's American 
relatives, but was to return to England 
in October, aiid to be married there, 
before returning to Athens for the 
winter. I said to myself, I will then 
call on her, and give her a small wed- 
ding present, to show my regard for 
her courage, and for her husband's 
amiable and serviceable character; 
for he had done many small mercan- 
tile services for me on both my Gre- 
cian visits. So one day I betook myself 
to the house of Mrs. T., a relative of 
the American Mrs. Mavros, hoping 
to find there the fair Eleutheria. I 
found her hostess, but she informed 
me that her guest had removed to 
the city, to take part in a Bible- 
reading school of her sect, which was 
intended to qualify young persons for 
missionary work. While I was still 
conversing with Mrs. T. as to the 
approaching wedding in England, 
who should come in for a call but the 
bride herself! So I was able to com- 
pare her with her portrait, to express 
my good wishes, and to hand her in 



20 



The Granite Monthly 



person the small gift. She sailed for 
England a few weeks after, was mar- 
ried, and returned to Athens as 
Mrs. Trelawney, But this was not 
the last of her brief visit to Boston. 
A month or two later, as I was at a 
public dinner there, in connection 
with some benevolent undertaking, 
I happened to sit beside a Baptist 
clergyman of whom I inquired about 
this particular Bible-reading school 
where she had made a brief term, 
and which my neighbor at the table 
was in the habit of visiting. He 
described it to me, and added: 



for some years frequently, I congratu- 
lated him on having so eloquent an 
exhorter; and he was good enough to 
send me portraits of his children, 
both daughters, from time to time. 
Here is one of the whole family at 
afternoon tea, that sacred English 
ceremony, about 1903-4, when Helena 
was nine, and Iphigenia six — a charm- 
ing group, in the garden of one of 
those suburban cottages perhaps a 
mile from the Acropolis, which are 
found, in the environs of the famous 
city, now a pleasing mixture of ancient 
and modern architecture, of Oriental 




The Trelawney Family (1904;. Eleutheria with her Husband and Children 



"I was there last autumn, and we 
were having a conference on the mis- 
sionary work in this and other lands, 
when a young lady, recently from 
Greece, rose, and in excellent English 
and with much religious earnestness 
pleaded for American missionaries to 
visit Greece and teach the people there 
the truths of the Bible and of the 
Reformed religion, which she said 
was greatly needed among her coun- 
trymen, and the mixed races who 
dwell in Greece, the Islands and Mace- 
donia." 

In writing to Trelawney, as I did 



scenes and of modern civilization and 
culture; where I have spent six de- 
lightful months, and made interesting 
friends. 

Time has run his ceaseless race; 
Greece has risen from the disasters 
of her last war with Turkey, when she 
fought against sad odds, and without 
the aid of England or France, which 
ought to have been freely given; has 
prospered in her finances, has trained 
her army and navy for successful 
action, and has now had unexpected 
success in what may be her last con- 
test with the "unspeakable Turk"; 



A Macedonian Christian Greek 



21 



and again I have resumed corre- 
spondence with my friend Trelawney. 
He is now in an honorable position, 
not mercantile, has sent his daughters 
to England to finish their education, 
and, on the eve of their departure from 
Athens, as the war was beginning, 
has taken their pictures — among his 
other gifts he is a photographer— and 
has favored me with a copy. Here 
you see the Christian Greek race of 
Macedonia (about which we often 
hear unkind and unjust things said) 
as it shows itself when blended with 
the Anglo-Saxon race, as we of English 
descent like to call ourselves. It is a 
handsome, sprightly, moral, religious, 
capable blend x)f races and of cul- 
tures; bred to the simple life, but 
complex enough in its talents, powers 
and accomplishments; with skill to 
govern and capacity to obey good 
government and make it continually 
better; but very unwilling to submit, 
as it has done in Macedonia for cen- 



turies, to the grossest and most de- 
praving misgovernment. This it has 
now thrown off, as it rejected as bad 
a form of it in Greece, eighty or 
ninety years ago, with the aid of 
Byron, Hastings, Howe, Trelawnly, 
Miller, Stanhope and other noble 
Philhellenes, among whom our coun- 
tryman, Dr. Howe, gave perhaps the 
most efficient aid, since he continued 
it as warrior, surgeon, colonist, alms- 
giver and historian, from 1824 to 
1S68, more than forty years, with un- 
tiring ardor. 

This Macedonian Greek family, of 
which I happen to know a branch or 
two, is perchance exceptional in some 
of its qualities; but others have ad- 
mirable traits of other sorts. It is a 
race with faults, of course, but mostly 
superficial and occasional faults, which 
time and opportunity have cured or 
will cure. And we may hope the best 
from it when it shows us strength and 
glowing beauty, as in these sanities 









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A Macedonian English Trio. 



Xd 



THE HOUSE THAT LADD BUILT 

, By George H. Sargent in Boston Transcript 



In that "Old Town by the Sea," 
Portsmouth, most famous among 
many famous old houses is the one 
which stands on the north side of 
Market Street, between Hanover and 
Dover streets, now owned by the New 
Hampshire Society of Colonial Dames 
and recently opened to the public. 
Through seven generations it has 
passed and, unchanged by time, it 
has been preserved as one of the 
finest specimens of colonial archi- 
tecture to be found in Xew England. 
Today it is known as the Ladd house, 
having been given to the Society of 
Colonial Dames by the descendants 
of the last occupant of the house, the 
donors being Jonas Ladd of Milton, 
Mrs. Manning Emery of Cambridge 
and Mrs. John Langdon Ward of 
New York. The daughters of New 
Hampshire colonists may • well feel 
proud of their possession and those 
interested in colonial architecture 
have now an opportunity which was 
heretofore denied them. 

Reached by a flight of stone steps 
from the street, the Ladd house 
stands in ample grounds, shaded by 
a horse chestnut tree sixteen feet in 
circumference and hiding a large 
garden which stretches away to the 
next street. The house was the first 
three-story house built in this part of 
New England, and in its architecture 
has served as a model for other houses 
which have become noted. It was 
erected in 1763 by Capt. John Moffat 
for his son Samuel, who married 
Sarah Catherine Mason, a daughter 
of the famous John Mason of New 
Hampshire. Samuel Moffat was a 
shipowner and importer, but in 1768 
he failed in business and fled to ,the 
West Indies to escape the stringent 
penalties of the law which his cred- 
itors might then inflict. So Capt. 
John Moffat bid in the house and 
after the death of Samuel Moffat in 
Demerara the old captain and his 
daughter-in-law lived here until the 



captain's death in 17S6. Then the 
place passed to Robert C. Moffat, 
son of Samuel. From him it passed 
to Dr. Nathan Appleton Haven and 
then to his daughter, Maria T. Ladd. 
Alexander H. Ladd was the last 
occupant of the place, and his de- 
scendants, named above, turned it 
over to the Society of Colonial Dames. 

Entering the house through a great 
doorway, one stands in a large square 
hall, the reproduction of that in the 
ancestral mansion of the original 
builder in England. At the right is 
a broad staircase with richly carved 
banisters and handrail of either cherry 
or mahogany. The woodwork in 
general is painted white, and the 
paneling is superb. The wall paper 
dates back more than a hundred 
years and is of the pictorial pattern 
which adorned the houses of the 
wealthy at the end of the eighteenth 
century. The staircase makes a turn 
to the left, and the ends of the treads 
are adorned with rich carvings. Be- 
neath the second flight is a magnifi- 
cent oval panel enclosed in an oblong 
carved framework. At the staircase 
landing is a high window with a cir- 
cular top, with carved window sill 
and casings. Even in the smallest 
details one finds the most careful work 
applied to the carvings. The high 
balustrade is perfect in its propor- 
tions, and the effect of richness is 
enhanced by a Chippendale settle 
which stands on the staircase landing. 

The drawing room is directly back 
of the hall, and here is found the 
crowning glory of the old house, a 
mantel over the ample fireplace, ex- 
ecuted by the famous English wood- 
carver, Grinling Gibbons, who carved 
the chapel at Windsor Castle and 
many other famous places. This 
mantel is a reproduction of one in the 
old Moffat mansion in England, and 
is a superb specimen of the workman- 
ship of a craftsman whose carvings, 
for delicacy and elaboration of detail 



The House that Laid Built 



23 



have never been surpassed.: Above 
the mantle stand some magnificent 
gilt candlesticks of the colonial period. 
The furniture is of varying periods, 
but the principal pieces are Chinese 
imitations of Chippendale. On the 
walls hang oil paintings of former 
occupants of the house. In the 
dining room, which is at the left of 
the hall, is another fireplace sur- 
rounded with pictorial tiles and sur- 
mounted by other rich carvings. The 
paneled shutters at the windows fold 
back, and the bars which kept them 
securely locked are still preserved. 
In one of the walls is a concealed 
closet, so cleverly hidden that unless 
it were pointed out to the visitor it 
would be unknown-. Here is more old 
furniture, and the sideboard is built 
into an alcove. Above the fireplace 
hangs a portrait in oil of Nathan 
Appelton Haven, painted by Gilbert 
Stuart. 

Ascending the staircase, on the wall 
beside the two-story window with its 
fluted pillars on either side, are oil 
portraits of old Capt. John Moffat 
and his wife, painted by Smibert; of 
Samuel and his wife and other mem- 
bers of the family. From a square 
upper hallway doors lead to the 
chambers. In one of these is a 
carved cornice of cabinet work, and 
the fireplace, with its original picto- 
rial tiles, is surrounded by elaborately 
carved panels. Interesting pieces of 
furniture in this room are a fine rush 
chair and a mahogany work-box and 
sewing-table. The windows of this 
room look out upon the great garden, 
and at the right, back of the house, 
may be seen the old shipowner's 
countingroom. On the walls are 
panels taken from the original picto- 
rial wall paper and a Chippendale 
mirror. In another of the chambers 
is still another handsomely carved 
fireplace mantel and a mirror set in 
rich carved paneling. The designs of 
the mantels are all different and in 
this room interlaced ribbons and 
flowers, surrounded with narrow lines 
of blue on white, make a most at- 
tractive picture. A mahogany tea 



table of the eighteenth century is a 
piece of furniture which should not be 
overlooked. In another chamber are 
window seats from which one may 
look out over the waters of Portsmouth 
harbor. The staircase leading to the 
third story is a gem. There are three 
spindles on each tread in the railing, 
and similar spindles are carried back 
on the floor at the side of the steps, a 
feature which evokes admiration from 
the architects who visit the place. In 
all of the chambers the windows are 
shuttered, and in one of them the 
panels of the shutters bear narrow 
lines of gold against the white, giving 
a highly decorative and chaste effect. 

It has been objected by some visit- 
ors that the furnishings of the house 
are not altogether in harmony with 
their surroundings. In the hall, for 
instance,, is a haircloth sofa. In one 
of the chambers is a bedstead of the 
eorly Victorian period. If these 
things strike a false note as undoubt- 
edly they do, it must be remembered 
that the house has been occupied by 
generations of brides, who naturally 
wanted the fashionable furniture of 
the period. It is probable that with 
increased means the Society of Colo- 
nial Dames will gradually replace 
some of the more modern furniture 
with that of the period of the house 
itself. The furniture, however, is 
loaned by the generous donors of the 
house, and most of it is in harmony 
with the architecture of the rooms. 

The Ladd house adds another to 
the great attractions of old Ports- 
mouth. The city is on the direct 
automobile route to Maine and the 
White Mountains, and as a large 
number of the tourists find this a 
convenient lunching place and tarry 
at the Rockingham, they should take 
an hour more and visit not only the 
Thomas Bailey Aldrich memorial, 
but the Ladd house, both of which 
are only a few minutes' walk from 
the hotel. The Ladd house is open 
on week days from 10 a. m. until 6 p.m. 
until the first of October, and no stu- 
dent of colonial architecture can 
afford to miss a visit to the mansion 



THE CHARIOT OF THE SUN 

(Dedicated to Phoebus Apollo) 

By Everett S. Stackpole 



<24 



Everybody who has ever visited the 
Rospigliosi Palace in Rome and, 
seated upon a bench or settee with 
mirror in hand, has gazed long at the 
painting on the high ceiling and its 
reflection in the mirror, will never 
forget it. It is the masterpiece of 
Guido lleni, commonly called Aurora. 
Apollo is driving his four-horse chariot 
over the morning clouds, while Lucifer 
with flaming torch flies before, and 
•Aurora, the golden hour, strews 
flowers upon the clouds. How joy- 
fully the seven hours dance along, 
• half encircling the Sun's chariot. 
The picture is full of life and joy. 
It has inspired some Latin poet to 
write lines, which usually are found 
under the steel engraving of this 
painting, or the Latin lines were the 
inspiration of the painter himself. 
I have not been able to find them in 
the works of the ancient poets of 
Rome. Can anybody tell their origin? 
They are as follows: 
Quadri jugis invectus equis sol aureus exit 
Cuiseptemvariis circumstant vestibus Horae. 
Lucifer antevolat. Rapidi fuge lampada solis 
Aurora umbrarum victrix ne victa recedas. 

The following translation fails to 
imitate the rumbling of the chariot 
wheels in the last line, which will be 
heard when one scans it after the 
manner that Homer's " Odyssey" and 
Virgil's "Aeneid" used to be scanned 
in school. Nor does the hasty flight 
of the third line appear. 
Driving a team of four hordes and shining as 

gold the Sun rises, 
Whom the seven Horae surround, dressed 

gaily in robes of bright color, 
Lucifer flies before. Flee quickly the flames 

of Apollo, 
Victress of shadows, Aurora, unconquered 

and never receding. 

Thus poetic fancy once pictured the 
fabled sun-god in his daily round. 



He drove a steady, but joyous course, 
though he never succeeded in catching 
up with Aurora. Times have changed, 
and it is hard for fancy to keep pace 
with facts. The Hours have multi- 
plied and the Sun drives on faster 
every day. New figures of speech now 
offer themselves, such as ancient 
poets knew nothing of. A free trans- 
lation of poetic thought, rather than 
of words, would today require lines 
somewhat like the following: 

MODERN ADAPTATION 

Old Sol has sold his horses; he will need them 

nevermore; 
The two wheels of his chariot have been 

replaced by four; 
No longer fiery, prancing steeds enrich the 

golden scene; 
His glittering auto now is run by common 

gasolene. 

Three Hours, who oped the cloud-gates, were 

enough in Homer's day; 
But seven were clad in garments glad, as 

Latin poets say. 
They tripped along in gleeful song, without 

a care in mind; ""* 

Now twenty-four, — we wish for more, — are 

chasing on behind. 
. Ambitious little Lucifer has given up the race; 
He steals a ride on either side, squat in a 

safer place; 
Instead of smoky torch he has reflectors 

bright and clean; 
We blame him not, he's melting hot with 

dodging the machine. A 

And rosy-red Aurora, early conqueress of 

shades, 
Now plies her arts in conquering hearts, like 

many other maids; 
In garments neat she takes front seat, with 

eyes of sparkling fun, 
And blest by Jove doth daily rove, companion 

for his Sun (son). 



—r,^.... ..„...„... . w j^p .^^ ;.V- > i ,: i : >: -: rwis»«»?v 



I 



,v- '>«** 






EMILY OWEN POWERS 






EMILY OWEN POWERS 



Every summer many thousands 
flock to the Granite State to spend 
their vacation. Its pure air, diver- 
sified scenery, grand old mountains, 
rugged hills, fertile valleys, dancing 
and babbling brooks with their limpid, 
sweet waters, swift flowing rivers, and 
placid lakes in which the sunshine mir- 
rors the clouds the trees and the moun- 
tains, depicting scenes of beauty and 
grandeur which no artist can ever hope 
to rival, make it the ideal resort for 
those from every clime. Here they 
can rest, invigorate or renew their 
youth, and gain strength and courage 
for the activities' and vicissitudes of the 
strenuous life most of this generation 
are living. But to those born, reared 
and educated among these scenes, who 
have moved to other parts of the world, 
its charms are not circumscribed by 
physical characteristics. The boys 
and girls, the people with whom they 
lived and associated at the time in 
their lives when impressions, though 
easily made, are never effaced, make 
the State of New Hampshire a mecca; 
to them its soil is sacred. 

The subject of this sketch always 
entertained a love equalling reverence 
for the State of her birth. Emily 
Owen was born in Hanover, N. H., 
September 1, 1852. Her mother, 
Rebecca (Chandler) Owen, died when 
Emily was too young to know much 
about her. 

At the time of her birth her father, 
Frederick L. Owen, was a farmer, 
struggling to support his family of 
wife and three children and to meet 
taxes and the interest upon the mort- 
gage which encumbered his farm. 
Industrious, frugal, intellectual, keep- 
ing up with the times, reading the best 
books, magazines and newspapers, 
interested in politics and all public 
affairs, keen in argument, strictly 
honest, he felt it to be his duty to give 
his children an education. 

He was an active member of the 
Baptist Church and Sabbath School, 



believed in religion, and taught the 
fear of God to his children. But 
doubts troubled him and eventually 
he was expelled from that church for 
heresy. His daughter in early years 
affiliated with the Congregational 
Church, though later, like her father, 
she became a Unitarian. 

In the summer, as a barefoot girl, 
she trudged to and from the school- 
house a mile away until she reached 
the age when shoes and stockings were 
considered a prerequisite. In the 
winter, snow, the biting wind, the cold 
weather — sometimes forty -degrees be- 
low zero — were not considered any 
great hindrance and certainly not a 
good excuse for absence or tardiness. 
She did not want an excuse; she had 
her heart set on an education. 

Quick to learn, in some studies 
remarkable, at the age of fifteen she 
taught in the same district where she 
had previously been a pupil. 

Prosperity came to her father and, 
leaving the farm in charge of a hired 
man, he moved his family to Lebanon 
where he erected a fine home out of 
lumber cut from his own timber lot r 
and devoted the rest of his life chiefly 
to the care of trust estates. In 1883 
and 1884 he represented the Town of 
Lebanon in the legislature of New 
Hampshire. 

From the district school, she went 
to Kimball Union Academy at Meri- 
den, N. IL, taking a three years 
course and graduating with honors in 
1871. She then taught in Hanover, 
N. H., and studied French under Pro- 
fessor Godeby of Dartmouth College. 
In 1872, she became Preceptress of 
Norwich Academy at Norwich, Vt. 

Still eager for education, she re- 
signed this position and went to 
Mount Holyoke and took a special 
course, making many life-long friends 
among the students and faculty. 

In 1878, Miss Prentice, the precep- 
tress of Kimball Union Academy, 
was ill, and Miss Owen was secured as 



26 



The Granite Monthly 



teacher in English and given the 
responsibilities of preceptress. She 
worked beyond her strength and in 
1879 resigned. 

On May 1, 18S0, she married Wilbur 
H. Powers, then a young lawyer in. 
Boston, Mass., who was her classmate 
at Kimball Union Academy. 

It may seem strange that the rigor- 
ous rules then in force at that academy 
prohibiting "walks and talks'' be- 
tween the "members of the two de- 
partments" should ever result in 
matrimony, but it often did. Yet 
while there she never infringed on any 
rule. 

For one yesiv after marriage, Mr. 
and Mrs. Powers lived in Canton, 
Mass., and in 1881 moved to Hyde 
Park, Mass. 

Two children were born of this 
marriage, Walter, now a lawyer in part- 
nership with his father, and Myra. 

Mrs. Powers was devoted to her 
children and for years confined her- 
self almost wholly to household duties. 
As the children grew older and re- 
quired less personal care, she became 
deeply interested in church work. 
The Unitarian Church in Hyde Park 
was not large, but the opportunity for 
work in it was unlimited. Mrs. 
Powers was unceasing in her efforts 
in all departments. As head of the 
Alliance department, on entertain- 
ment and supper committees, as gen- 
eral adviser, as solicitor of funds, in 
its charities, in visiting the sick, in 
welcoming strangers and new comers, 
and in the Sabbath School she was 
always active and successful. She 
even had charge of the repairing, 
painting and decorating of the church 
edifice, and gave up her summer vaca- 
tion at one time to superintend and 
see that the contractors and employees 
were faithful and carried out her plans 
according to the agreement* and in an 
artistic manner. 

She was also prominent in literary 
and social clubs, and wrote on many 
subjects. Her addresses on Alliance 
work, her "Life of Tolstoi 7 ' and other 
literary productions were delivered in 
and out of Massachusetts. < 



In 1909 the family moved to Cam- 
bridge, Mass., and there Mrs. Powers 
joined both social and literary clubs. 
She also became a member of the 
First Parish Church and, in less than 
two years, she was selected as its 
representative to the National Con- 
ference held at Washington,. D. C. 

She was a member, in Cambridge, 
of the Cantabrigia Club, the Tuesday 
Club, the Post Office Mission, and the 
Women's Alliance of the First Parish 
Church. She was a member of the 
Thought Club and the Current Events 
Club of Hyde Park, and the Hyde 
Park Historical Society. She was also 
a member of the Massachusetts associ- 
ation Opposed to the Further Exten- 
sion of Suffrage to women but had not 
been recently active in the work of the 
latter. 

She took great pleasure in writing 
poetry, and many of her poems were 
published in periodicals and newspa- 
pers. In 191 1 , she delivered the poem 
at the celebration of the one hundred 
and fiftieth anniversary of the found- 
ing of the town of Hanover. We quote 
one of her short poems which will 
give some idea of the literary character 
of her efforts: 

KEEP SWEET 

Whatever the test of your temper, 
Whatever temptations you meet, 
Whatever your trial of patience, 
Whatever besets you, — keep sweet. 

Whenever the world seems against you, 
Whenever you're downed by defeat, 
Whenever assailed, you can conquer 
Whenever you smile and, — keep sweet. 

Wherever on earth you may wander, 
Wherever Life leadeth your feet, 
Wherever Fame finds you, or Failure, 
Wherever you labor, — keep sweet. 

Howe'er you're saddened by sorrow, 
Howe'er your life seems incomplete, 
Howe'er disappointment may daunt you, 
Howe'er you're discouraged, — keep sweet. 

On December 13, 1912, she passed 
to her reward. Intellectual, refined, 
hospitable, one of the best letter 
writers that ever lived, devoted to her 
family and friends, never ceasing in 
her work for church or charity, un- 
selfish, self-sacrificing, pure in heart, 
Mrs. Powers won a host of friends and 
leaves an example safe to imitate. 



m 



THE CHOICE 

By L. J. H. Frost 

On the bank of a dark, deep river 

A youth, bewildered, stood; 
Beside him were two spirits — 

One evil and one good. 

The one he w r hispered sweetly 

In the young man's listening ear — 
"The world is full of beauty, 
Of pleasure and good cheer. 

"Joy's cup is over-flowing, 
Go taste its nectar sweet; 
'Twill banish every trouble; 
Haste thee with willing feet." 

But the good angel, smiling, 

Clasped tight the young man's hand, 

Saying — "There are pitfalls on life's broadway 
And many a shifting sand — 

"My path is straight and narrow 
And thorns may pierce thy feet; 
But it leads home to the mansions _ 
Where rest is very sweet. 

<c £arth's joys are very fleeting, 
Soon they will pass away; 
Heaven's gladness is eternal — 
Its bliss will last for aye." 

The youth paused for a moment; 

Uncertain what to do, 
Then looked at the good angel 

And said, " I'll go with you — 

"For though the world is beautiful 
7 Tis full of sin and strife; 
My"soul longs after purity, 
And a higher, nobler life. 

"And though the way be narrow 
I will gladly walk therein, 
Till I reach God's blessed mansions, 
And escape the snares of sin." 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. SAMUEL W. EMERY 

Samuel W. Emery, a prominent lawyer of 
Portsmouth and Boston died suddenly at his 
home in the former city, on Friday evening, 
November 29, of heart disease, soon after 
reaching home from Boston, where he has 
had an office for several years past. 

He was born in Portsmouth, March 30, 
1S63. He graduated from the Portsmouth 
High school in 1879; studied law with Walter 
C. Harriman and Calvin Page, and was 
admitted to the bar April 24, 188*, commenc- 
ing practice the following year in his native 
city and continuing with marked success 
there until 1905, when he opened an office 
in Boston, though retaining his Portsmouth 
residence. He was city solicitor of Ports- 
mouth for several years from 1885, and county 
solicitor from 1SS7 to 1891, conducting the 
trial in several capital cases during his term 
of service in the latter office. He was also 
judge of the Municipal Court of Portsmouth 
from 1S95 to 1905. He was extensively 
engaged in corporation practice and was 
counsel for the New Hampshire Traction 
Company, the Northern New England Street 
Railways and the Rockingham Light <k Power 
Company. 

Politically he was originally a Democrat, 
but had acted with the Republicans in recent 
years.- He had served in the New Hamp- 
shire Legislature and was a member of the 
New Hampshire and Massachusetts Bar 
Associations. He was a Mason and a past 
master of St. Andrew's Lodge of Portsmouth. 
He had been twice married and is survived 
by a wife and three children by the first 
marriage — Mrs. Harry M. Weeks of Ames- 
bury, Mass., Marguerite, a teacher in the 
Haven School, Portsmouth, and Samuel W. 
Emery, Jr., city solicitor of Portsmouth. 

COL. OSCAR G. BARRON 

Col. Oscar G. Barron, representative from 
the town of Carroll and one of the most 
prominent hotel men in the country, died at 
the Littleton hospital, January 2, 1913. 

Colonel Barron was a native of Quechee, 
Vt., a son of the late Asa Barron, a White 
Mountain hotel pioneer, born October 17, 
1850. His first hotel experience was as a 
bell boy in the Junction House at White River 
Junction, of which his father was for a time 
proprietor, going thence to Twin Mountain 
when Oscar was nineteen years of age. There 
he opened a small hotel, subsequently en- 
larged, which became the famous Twin 
Mountain House. Subsequently, in 1S78, 
they leased the Fabyan House, with which 
Oscar was ever after connected during the 
summer season. Pie was also connected 
with various other houses at different times, 
in Florida, at Hot Springs, Ark., and Seattle, 



Wash. For several years, also, he was pro- 
prietor of the Quincy House in Boston; and 
was at one time manager of the Senate Restau- 
rant at the national capital. At the time 
of his death, he was also proprietor of Hotel 
Vancouver, B. C. 

Politically he was an active Republican, 
and although the town of Carroll was Demo- 
cratic he served long as chairman of the board 
of selectmen, and was several times chosen 
to the legislature. He was a member of the 
staff" of Gov. Charles H. Sawyer. 

Colonel Barron was prominent in Masonry 
and a member of St. Gerard Commandery, 
Knights Templar, of Littleton. He leaves a 
wife, who was Miss Jennie Lane of Montpelier, 
and one daughter, Airs. Joseph A. Hyde of 
Seattle. 



MRS. JOHN M. MITCHELL 

Julia Charlotte Lonergan, wife of Hon. 
John M. Mitchell, Associate Justice of the 
Superior Court, died at the home. 57 Rum- 
ford Street, Concord, December 28, 1912, 
after a long illness. 

She was the daughter of Peter P. and Char- 
lotte (Daly) Lonergan, born at St. Johnsbury, 
Vt., June 7, 1854. Her parents were natives 
of Ireland but came to America when young, 
were married at St. Johnsbury, and there 
kept their residence, Mr. Lonergan being a 
successful dealer in boots and shoes, while his 
wife, a gifted young woman, in early life 
gave lessons in French to many pupils. 

Mrs. Mitchell was thoroughly educated, 
completing her studies in a convent school at 
Montreal, and making music, for which she 
had a rare talent, and in which she excelled 
both as a vocalist and instrumentalist, a 
specialty, though by no means neglecting 
other branches. 

She united in marriage with Mr. Mitchell, 
who had just become established in the prac- 
tice of law at Littleton, November 19, 1S74, 
and their home was in that town until their 
removal to Concord in 1881. 

Physically delicate, modest and retiring, 
and thoroughly domestic in her tastes, Mrs. 
Mitchell made the home preeminently her 
sphere of action. Its duties were her highest 
pleasure, and the comfort and happiness of 
her family her chief satisfaction. Neverthe- 
less with kindly heart arid ready hand she 
ministered to the comfort of those less favored 
than herself and met every obligation of the 
true woman, religious and secular, with con- 
spicuous fidelity. 

With her husband, Judge Mitchell, she 
leaves two daughters, Agnes and Marion L. 
A daugliter and son, Gertrude and Leo Lon- 
ergan, died in early childhood. She also 
leaves one sister, Mrs. James Kenney of St. 
Johnsbury. 



New Hampshire Necrology 



29 



JOHXC. BROWX 

John C. Brown, a well-known citizen of 
Walpoie, died at his home in that town Decem- 
ber 4. He was a native of Acworth, born 
June 10, 1S31, a son of Aaron and Eadey 
(Watts) Brown. H& was educated in the 
public schools, and was engaged in farming 
most of his life, though for two years after his 
removal to Walpoie in 1S66 he was in the 
meat business as a partner of George H, 
Holden. He then bought a farm near the vil- 
lage, which he carried on with success. 

Politically he was an ardent Democrat and 
knew the reason for the faith that was in 
him. He was prominent in town affairs, 
having served as road agent, selectman and 
three terms as a representative in the legis- 
lature. He is survived by a widow, two sons 
and two daughters; also by two brothers, 
George R. Brown of Newport, and James H., 
of Hillsborough. 

GEORGE WOODS 

George Woods, a native of Keene, 90 years 
of age, died at the home of his daughter, 
Mrs. Fred L. Carter, in Winchester, Mass., 
December 6.. 1912. 

He removed to Boston early in life, but 
spent most of his business career in Cambridge- 
port, where he was the head of the Woods 
Organ and. Biano Co., with a large establish- 
ment on Central Square. He had been 
retired from business many years. _ 

HARRY F. TOWLE 

Harry F. Towle, born in Epsom, sLxty- 
one years ago, died in New Brighton, Staten 
Island, N. Y., December 31. 1912. 

He was a graduate of Dartmouth College, 
class of 1876. He taught school in Hollis 
and Nashua, and in Whitman, Mass., and 
then went to Yonkers, N. Y.. as principal of 
a grammar school. In 1883 he went to the 
Central High School in Brooklyn and was 
teacher of mathematics for five years, going 
thence to the Boys' High School as assistant 
principal and head of the Latin Department. 
Later he became principal of the Curtis High 
School in the Borough of Richmond which 

Sjsition he held at the time of his death. 
e had been a member of Plymouth Church 
of Brooklyn for twenty-one years. He leaves 
a wife and daughter. • 

HON. CHARLES H. BURKE 

Charles H. Burke, born in Milford Decem- 
ber 4, 1S50, died in Nashua December 9, 1912. 
He had lived in Nashua since early infancy, 
and was educated in the public schools of the 
c Jtv. He was associated with his father in 
the manufacture of crackers, and followed that 
business till his retirement a few years since. 
. ** e was a Democrat in politic.-, a member of 
the Universalist Church of Nashua and 
prudent of the society at the time of his 



decease. He had been active in public 
affairs, serving in the city councils, as a mem- 
ber of the police commission, as collector* as 
a member of the legislature in 1S7G and 1SS9, 
and as mayor in 1SS9 and 1890. He was a 
prominent Mason, Odd Fellow and Knight 
of Pythias. He leaves a wife who was Mis3 
Asenath D. Spaulding, and one daughter. 

FRANK H. FOSTER 

Frank H. Foster, born in Walpoie, January 
6, 1857, died in Topeka, Kan., December 
9, 1912. 

' Mr. Foster was a graduate of Kimball 
Union Academy, Meriden, and of the Michi- 
gan University Law School, locating in 
Topeka where he had been in the successful 
practice of his profession over a quarter of a 
century. He had been a police commis- 
sioner under the metropolitan system and was 
a candidate for county attorney in 1906. 
He was a charter member of the Saturday 
Night Club at Topeka, and an active sup- 
porter of Unity Church. He married in 1884, 
Harriet B. Franks, who survives him, with two 
sisters and a brother — Yelma, of Brattieboro, 
Vt., Florence of Washington, D. C; and Willis 
C. Foster of Walpoie, who was with him when 
he died. 

DEA. CHARLES MASON 

Charles Mason, a prominent citizen of 
Marlborough, died at his home in that town, 
November 22, 1912, at the great age of 96 
years 4 months and 27 days. 

He was a native of the town of Sullivan, 
but settled in Marlborough in 1S77, and be- 
came active and conspicuous in church and 
public affairs. He was long a deacon of the 
Congregational Church, and served many 
years on the board of selectmen, as he had 
formerly done in Sullivan, besides represent- 
ing that town twice in the state legislature. 
He had been for some time the holder of the 
Boston Post cane, as the oldest man in Marl- 
borough. 

CAPT. EDWARD F. GORDON 

Edward F. Gordon, a brave soldier, promi- 
nent Grand Army man and an esteemed 
citizen of Concord, died on Friday, December 
6, 1912. 

Captain Gordon was a native of New 
Hampton, a son of John C. and Sally Rob- 
inson Gordon, born June 14, 1842, His 
grandfather, Josiah Robinson, was a soldier 
of the Revolution. He was educated in the 
public schools, and was engaged in the employ 
of the Federal government at the Springfield 
Armory when the war broke out. lie enlisted 
in the Twelfth New Hampshire Regiment 
in the Civil War, and participated in all the 
battles in which it was engaged, except Get- 
tysburg, at the time of which he was disabled 
by a wound received at Chancellorsville. 
Following the battle of Cold Harbor he wa3 
promoted to sergeant-major, and at the close 



i 



30 



Th e . Gra n ite Mo nthhj 



of the war was discharged as a captain by 
brevet. 

After the war he followed manufacturing 
and mechanical pursuits in this city, where 
he married, March 26, 1S66, Eunice C, 
daughter of the later Elder John Hook. For 
many years past he had been connected with 
the Concord Manual Training School, in 
whose development, he had taken great 
interest, and of which he was for a long time 
principal. He was a prominent member of 
E. E. Sturtevant Post, G. A. R., and its 



commander in 1905. He was also a member 
of the "Hall of Heroes" commission. 

Funeral services, under Grand Army 
auspices, were held at the home, No. 2 Auburn 
St., on Monday following his decease, Revs. 
Walter C Myers, John Vannevar, D.D., and 
Jesse C. Libby attending. Interment was in 
the Old North Cemetery. Captain Gordon 
is survived by his wife, one daughter, Mrs. 
Harry Doyen, of Manchester, and one son, 
Edward A. Gordon of Concord. Another 
son died some years ago. 



'EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The New Hampshire Legislature met at 
the State House, Wednesday January 1, to 
organize the State government for the ensu- 
ing two years, under circumstances more 
interesting and exciting than had been the 
case for many years. There was no certainty 
at the opening of the session as to which 
party would be in control in either branch 
of the Legislature or in the executive depart- 
ment, though the Democrats had given 
their candidate for governor a plurality of 
some 1700 votes, and had elected two coun- 
cilors by constitutional majorities, no can- 
didate having a majority in either of the 
other three districts. Ten Democrats and 
ten Republicans had been elected to the 
Senate, and in the House, neither the Demo- 
crats nor the Republicans had a majority, 
the balance of power being held by the so- 
called Progressives, concerning whose actual 
members there was much doubt, the same 
being variously estimated fromfifteen to thirty. 

The Senate being tied, a temporary organi- 
zation only could be effected there, and it was 
not till the second day that the House organ- 
ized by the election of William J. Britton of 
Wolfeboro, the Progressive candidate, as 
speaker, the Democrats supporting him on 
the fifth ballot. He had received 27 votes 
on the first ballot. The organization of the 
House was followed by the choice, in joint 
convention, of the Democratic candidates in 
the four districts that had failed to elect 
senators. The Senate then organized by 
the election of Hon. Enos K. Sawyer of 
Franklin, Democrat, as president, and, in 
joint convention of the two branches again, 
Samuel D. Felker of Rochester, the Demo- 
cratic candidate, was chosen governor, and 
the Democratic candidates were elected as 
councilors in the three districts that had 
failed to return majorities, making the council 
solidly Democratic. Up to the time of writ- 
ing — January 23 — the Legislature has failed 
to elect a United States senator, the Demo- 
crats standing almost solidly for their caucus 
nominee, Plenry F. Hollis of Concord; the 
Republicans scattering their votes among 
various candidates at first, with Henry B. 



Quinby of Laconia in the lead, and finally 
centering upon Edward N. Pearson. The 
Progressives, with ex-Governor Bass as their 
candidate, commanding 21 votes, hold the 
balance of ^power and the final outcome is, 
as yet, entirely problematical, though it may 
be reached before this issue of the Granite 
Monthly comes to the hands of its readers. 



Any one not a regular subscriber for the 
Granite Monthly, receiving a copy of 
this issue, is invited to become one at once, 
winch may be done by remitting one dollar 
(SI. 00) for a year's subscription, accompanied 
by the address to which it is to be sent. 
This magazine, devoted to the history, biog- 
raphy and material progress of the State, 
invites the patronage of all New Hampshire 
men and women, at home or abroad. With 
this number the magazine enters upon its 
forty-fifth volume, or Volume 8 of the New 
Series, and the libraries of the State, public 
and private, which contain the entire set, 
have a store of historical and biographical 
information which may well be envied by 
others. The bound volumes for 1912 are 
now about ready for distribution, and sub- 
scribers desiring to exchange their unbound 
numbers for the same can now be accom- 
modated. The seven volumes of the New 
Series — 1906 to 1912 inclusive — may be 
ordered by any subscriber, new or old, for 
§3.50. 



The next issue of the Granite Monthly 
will be a double number for February and 
March and will be largely devoted to the 
personnel of the present Legislature, as has 
been the custom in legislative years for a 
long time past. 



The annual meeting of the New Hampshire 
Board of Trade will be held in the General 
Committee room at the State House Tuesday, 
February 4, at 11 o'clock. 



XLV, No. 2 FEBRUARY, 1913 New Scries Vol. VIII, No. 2 



THE 






J. 1 . UF I ^ 1 J - . 



A New Hampshire Magazine 

)evoted to History; Biography, Literature and State Progress 



i|! CONTENTS FOR FEBRUARY jg, 



r-^ fit** 

7*g£ Hon. William H, Mitchell. With frontispiece. . . . I 31 Jglf 

V^g By H. H. Metcalf. ,« %XM . 

w^v' A Notable Celebration . . . . . .... 37 h»"W 

< -^ By Frank Warren HackeU, 

<-y,4 An Intcrestic^ Event . . . . . . 41 {^5* 

Qr.f>) By Lydia J. Reynolds. Illustrated/ : §?) 

?£S The Old Bell . . . . . . . . . . 56 g^ : 

By Charles Hardon vZm 



,£|4 W varies naraon £jg| 

WSi! New Hampshire Necrology . ... . . . ■ &0 f^. 



\J~%} Editor and Publisher s Notes . . . ... 62 

£cf| ' icy, P. L. F., Elizabeth Thomson Ortiway. Xp**\ 



~"^ Poems 



v^j Poems (:iP_; 

By George Warren Parker, L. Adelaide Sherman, Fred Myron Colby, Moses Gage Shir- |fcS§f i 



- 



Issued by The Granite Monthly company: 

HENRY H. mil jer 



IERMS: $1.00 per annum, in advance; $!.50 if not paid in advance. Single copies, IS cents 

CONCORD, N. H., 1913 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



/" 



/ 



/ 




HON. WILLIAM H. MITCHELL 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLV, No. 2 



FEBRUARY, 1913 New Series, Vol. 8, No. 2 



HON. WILLIAM H. MITCHELL 

^ By H. H. Metcalf 



Among the richest assets of the 
present, in all lands and among all 
peoples, are the records of past 
achievements. Men whose lives are 
really worth while leave an impress 
for good upon the minds and charac- 
ters of their associates, and the same 
is transmitted by them to succeeding 
generations. To have left no such 
impress upon the pages of history, or 
the hearts of men, is to have lived in 
vain, and to have died forgotten. 

That portion of New Hampshire 
which is embraced within the limits 
of the present second Congressional 
District, is known as having pro- 
duced a greater number of men who 
have become eminent in public and 
professional life than any similar ex- 
tent of territory in the entire country. 
It is also known as having imported 
from the neighboring state of Ver- 
mont more men who have achieved 
success, particularly at the bar, than 
any other district in the Union of like 
extent. The names of Burke, Foster, 
Wait, the Binghams, the Hibbards, 
Benton, Fletcher, Heywood, Ray, 
Atherton, the Remicks and others, are 
conspicuous examples of the latter 
class, among whom honorable recog- 
nition must also be given to the sub- 
ject of this sketch— the late William 
H. Mitchell of Littleton, who, as well 
as his elder brother, John M., now 
Associate Justice of the Superior 
Court, came into New Hampshire 
from the Green Mountain State, 
though the latter had his birth in the 
town of Plymouth, but removed, with 
his parents, to Vermont in infancy. 



William Henry Mitchell was 
born in Wheelock, Vt., September 18, 
1856, the son of John and Honora 
(Doherty) Mitchell. He was the 
sixth of eleven children, several of 
whom died young, and only four of 
whom survive — John M. of Concord, 
above mentioned; Julia A., widow of 
the late Michael T. Donovan of Som- 
erville, Mass., general freight and 
traffic manager of the Boston & 
Maine Railroad; Abigail E., residing 
at the family homestead in Derby, 
Vt., and Katherine C. of Concord, 
chief clerk in the office of the State 
Board of Agriculture. 

John Mitchell, the father, was an 
Irish immigrant of more than ordi- 
nary education, sound judgment, am- 
bition and energy, who came to this 
country in the spring of 1848, and 
soon after located, with his wife, in 
the town of Plymouth, where he was 
in the employ of the contractor for 
the construction of the Boston, Con- 
cord & Montreal Railroad, then in 
progress. Here he remained but a 
short time, however, but with a 
"bent" toward agriculture, and an 
ambition for land ownership, he soon 
made his way to Vermont, and, in 
1851, located on a farm in the town 
of Salem. In 1853 he removed to 
Wheelock, upon a large farm which 
he had purchased there, where he re- 
mained for a number of years, and 
upon which several children, includ- 
ing" the subject of this sketch, were 
born. Id 1862 he sold out and re- 
turned to Salem, where, in that part 
of the town now included in the town 



32 



The Granite Monthly 



of Derby, he located on a farm of 
four or five hundred acres, which was 
ever after the family home, where 
sons and daughters, alike, were reared 
to lives of industry and integrity, and 
taught the obligations of patriotism 
and morality, and a due regard for 
the rights of all as well as the needs of 
those less fortunate than themselves. 

While early familiarized, as were 
his brothers, with the duties and la- 
bors of the farm, William H. was 
given such educational advantages as 
were available, and encouraged to 
make the most of them. From the 
district school he went to Derby Acad- 
emy, which he attended for several 
.terms, and was also for some time at 
school in St. Hyacinth, P. Q., but, 
when about twenty years of age, his 
brother, John M., having become es- 
tablished in legal practice in Littleton, 
he went there and continued his 
studies in the high school of that 
town, after a time taking up the study 
of law in the office of Bingham, Mitch- 
ell & Batchellor, his brother hav- 
ing entered into partnership with 
Harry Bingham, with whom he had 
pursued his own legal studies, imme- 
diately after admission to the bar, 
and Albert S. Batchellor, another stu- 
dent, having subsequently been ad- 
mitted. 

It is safe to say that no student at 
law ever pursued his studies under 
auspices more favorable to success 
than were enjoyed by him in this 
office, which long had been, then was, 
and long continued to be regarded as 
the veritable fountain and source of 
legal wisdom for the surrounding re- 
gion and all northern New Hamp- 
shire. 

Harry Bingham stood first among 
the masters of the profession in the 
state and John M. Mitchell was as 
anxious for his brother's success as 
for his own, which was even then, 
thoroughly assured. Xo wonder that, 
under the advantages of such tutelage 
and encouragement, with strong men- 
tal grasp and developing ambition, 
the young man here laid the founda- 
tion for a subsequent professional ca- 



reer which should be as creditable to 
his instructions as it was honorable 
and successful for himself. 

While pursuing his studies in Lit- 
tleton, Mr. Mitchell found time, in the 
winter of 1887-8, to teach the district 
school in the village of Franconia, 
which experience he found of no little 
subsequent value, both from the disci- 
pline afforded, the knowledge of life 
extended, and the acquaintanceship 
gained, which was maintained through 
all subsequent years, as was his re- 
gard for the town where so much val- 
uable experience had been gained, so 
that when, a few years since, Fran- 
conia held an "Old Home Day" in 
connection with the twenty-fifth an- 
niversary of its Dow Academy, he 
felt fully justified in personally enter- 
ing into the spirit of the occasion. 

Mr.. Mitchell was admitted to the 
bar in Concord, March 19, 18S0, and 
was soon after admitted as a member 
of the partnership, the firm name be- 
ing changed to Bingham, Mitchells & 
Batchellor. This firm continued, not- 
withstanding the removal of John M. 
Mitchell to Concord in 1881, when 
the new firm of Bingham & Mitchell 
was established, until the death of 
Harry Bingham in 1900, when the 
new firm of Batchellor & Mitchell — 
Albert S. Batchellor and William H. 
Mitchell — was constituted, continu- 
ing until the summer of 1911, when 
Mr. Batchellor, having lost his eye- 
sight, and his time being largely oc- 
cupied by his duties as state historian, 
retired, leaving the business entirely 
to Mr. Mitchell, who had in fact, on 
account of his partner's unfortunate 
disability, long carried the chief bur- 
den of labor and responsibility. 

In his more than thirty years of 
active practice in the legal profession, 
during the greater portion of which 
time he conducted the laborious work 
of preparing for trial the numberless 
cases submitted by the firm to court 
and jury, and adjusting the details of 
settlement in the still greater number 
that never went to trial (the function 
of the true lawyer being to keep his 
clients out of court in all cases that 



Hon. William II. Mitchell 



33 



can be otherwise adjudicated), Mr. 
Mitchell became one of the most 
prominent lawyers in northern Xew 
Hampshire; nor was his practice con- 
fined to that section, but extended to 
all parts of the state and into Ver- 
mont. 

Through this extensive practice, and 
the close and intimate contact with 
men of all classes and conditions, 
which it involved, he necessarily 
gained wide acquaintance, commanded 
in a high degree the confidence of 
the people, and naturally exercised a 
strong influence in the communitj". 

Aside from his general practice, 
which covered a large share of the im- 
portant litigation in that section of 
the state, he was for many years, up 
to the time of his death, one of the 
trusted counsel of the Boston & Maine 
Railroad and was largely engaged in 
protecting the interests of the corpo- 
ration in the courts and before legis- 
lative committees. He was, also, for 
six years, solicitor of Grafton County, 
receiving three successive elections at 
the hands of the people— in 1888, 
1890 and 1892— his term of service 
extending from 18S9 to 1895 and be- 
ing signalized by a most faithful and 
efficient enforcement and vindication 
of the law. It was during this period 
of service that occurred the last con- 
viction and just punishment of a first- 
degree murderer in the state of Xew 
Hampshire, it being the case of the 
notorious Frank C. Almy, who fiend- 
ishly murdered Christie Warden at 
Hanover in the summer of 1891. Mr. 
Mitchell was promptly on the ground, 
after the shocking news of the trag- 
edy was sent abroad and when Almy, 
heavily armed, was finally trapped in 
the loft of a barn in the vicinity where 
the murder had been committed, it 
was he alone who had the courage to 
face him, as he stood at bay with a 
revolver in each hand, without arms 
himself, and induce his surrender. 
He subsequently conducted the pros- 
ecution of the case, and secured the 
conviction which was followed in due 
time by execution at the state prison 
m Concord, since when no other mur- 



derer has paid the extreme penalty of 
the law in New Hampshire, though 
there have been scores of them who 
should have similarly suffered. 

Although never an office seeker, 
Mr. Mitchell was greatly interested 
in public affairs in town, county and 
state. Aside from his service as solic- 
itor of Grafton County he was chosen 
by the people of the Second or Graf- 
ton Senatorial District to represent 
them in the upper branch of the Leg- 
islature of 1SS9, where he took his 
seat as the youngest member of the 
body but quickly ranked with the 
oldest and ablest as an alert and dis- 
criminating legislator. David A. Tag- 
gart, then of Goffstown, was presi- 
dent of the Senate that year; Ira A. 
Chase of Bristol, clerk, and Charles J. 
Hamblett of Nashua, assistant clerk. 
Edwin G. Eastman of Exeter, sub- 
sequently attorney-general of the 
state, was chairman of the Judiciary 
Committee, of which Mr. Mitchell 
was a member, as he was also of the 
Committee on Banks, and a member 
and chairman of the Committee on 
Education, in which latter position 
he rendered conspicuous service, se- 
curing the passage and final enact- 
ment of the present free text-book 
law, of which he was himself the au- 
thor, and which was the first measure 
introduced during the session, notice 
of the same having been given on the 
opening day and the bill introduced 
on the day following. If he had never 
done more to promote the cause of 
education in Xew Hampshire than to 
secure the enactment of this beneficent 
measure, his name, through this serv- 
ice, would have held place all the 
same in the front rank among its 
honored benefactors. 

Among Mr. MitchelFs associates in 
the Senate of 1889, now living — sev- 
eral having passed away — are ex- 
Governor Henry B. Quinby, Hon. 
Charles R. Corning of Concord, James 
B. Tennant, then of Epsom, Ezra S. 
Stearns, subsequently secretary of 
state, now of Fitchburg, Mass., and 
Col. Thomas P. Cheney of Ashland. 

In 1903, Mr. Mitchell was a repre- 



34 



The Granite Monthly 



sentative from the town of Littleton 
in the popular branch of the Legisla- 
ture, his colleagues from that town 
being Daniel C. Remich and Wm. 
H. Blake. Harry M. Cheney, then 
of Lebanon, now of Concord, was 
speaker of the House for that session, 
and he assigned Mr. Mitchell to serv- 
ice on the two most important com- 
mittees of the body — the Judiciary 
and the special committee on Liquor 
Laws, the latter having been created 
to deal with the local option question, 
then coming prominently before the 
Legislature, and the outcome of 
which was the present local option 
law, which was framed or perfected 
by the committee, and enacted at 
that session. In both committees he 
did much valuable work, besides tak- 
ing an active part in general legisla- 
tion. It is a notable fact that his 
colleague, Mr. Remich, served with 
him on both committees, and that 
both committees had the same chair- 
man, Mr. A. T. Batchelder of Keene, 
now deceased. 

Notwithstanding the pressure of 
professional duties, constantly in- 
creasing and exacting as they were, 
and the added burden of public serv- 
ice in other fields, to which reference 
has been made, Mr. Mitchell took an 
active interest in many matters con- 
nected with the business life of the 
community, as evidenced by the fact 
that he had served as president of the 
Littleton Driving. Park Association 
and of the Littleton Musical Associa- 
tion, a member of the Board of Health, 
of the Littleton Board of Trade and 
an active member from the start of 
the White Mountain Board of Trade, 
of which he was one of the vice-presi- 
dents at the time of his death, the 
proper development of the White 
Mountain region being an object al- 
ways near his heart. 

His interest in the cause of educa- 
tion was particularly deep and strong, 
as evidenced not alone by his author- 
ship and activity in securing the 
enactment of the Free Text-Book 
bill, but by long years of faithful 
service as a member of the Board of 



Education in the Union School Dis- 
trict of Littleton, of which he was for 
eight years president, resigning finally 
on account of the great pressure of 
professional work, to the great re- 
gret of all the people of the district, 
who expressed their appreciation of 
his valuable and long continued serv- 
ice by naming the new school build- 
ing on the south side of the river, the 
"Mitchell School" in his honor. 
Aside from his service in the line of 
educational work at home, he was for 
ten years, from 1887 to 1897, an ac- 
tive and valued member of the board 
of trustees of the State Normal School 
at Plymouth. In short, it may safely 
be said that no man in the state, in 
the last half century, devoted more 
time, without financial remuneration, 
or rendered more valuable and ef- 
fective service, to the cause of edu- 
cation in the state of New Hampshire, 
than did William H. Mitchell of Lit- 
tleton. 

As a lawyer, Mr. Mitchell ranked 
high, as has been said; but he was es- 
sentially the lawyer, rather than the 
advocate. His judgment was good, 
his counsel safe, and his ability to 
make the most of any case in hand 
not to be disputed. In the prepara- 
tion of a case for trial, the weighing 
and sifting of evidence and in the 
handling of witnesses he had no su- 
perior. His perfect self-control, even- 
ness of temper, wide acquaintance 
with men and thorough knowledge of 
human nature gave him full com- 
mand of every situation and made 
him an antagonist to be feared in any 
cause. He knew the strength and the 
weakness of any given case, and when 
settlement was to be preferred to 
trial, and in effecting settlements he 
exercised rare skill, a faculty in which 
direction is no less desirable in the 
lawyer than one for securing judg- 
ments. 

He was an active member of the 
Grafton and Coos and the New 
Hampshire Bar associations, and was 
no less esteemed and influential in 
the social than the practical side of 
professional life. 



Hon. William H. Mitchell 



X 



693850, 



While never an office seeker, as has 
been said, he was for many years 
deeply interested in politics. By 
birth, education and association he 
was a Democrat, and throughout his 
early life gave hearty support to the 
principles and policies of the Demo- 
cratic party; but, like many others. 
broke away in the crisis of 1S96, and 
subsequently allied himself with the 
Republican part}', with which he con- 
tinued to act, though taking less in- 
terest in matters political in the last 
few years of his life. While he re- 
tained the full measure of interest he 
was a most effective force in party 
management, and was recognized as 
one of the most influential men in 
northern New Hampshire in effecting 
organization and accomplishing re- 
sults. He was one of the presidential 
electors chosen for this state in No- 
vember, 1900, and assisted in casting 
the vote of New Hampshire for Mc- 
Kinley and Roosevelt. 

Better than all professional or po- 
litical success was the standing which 
he won and held in the community in 
which he lived as a man and citizen. 
Frank, generous, open-hearted, kindly, 
considerate of the poor and unfortu- 
nate, at home alike in the so-called 
''first circles/' and among the hum- 
ble and lowly; generously supporting 
the institutions of religion and of or- 
ganized charity, yet giving more 
liberally in the line of private benevo- 
lence, where his aid was most appre- 
ciated and least advertised, he was, 
indeed, the friend and neighbor whose 
worth was universally recognized. 

No enterprise clearly designed for 
the promotion of the public good ever 
suffered for lack of his support. No 
worthy person, needing assistance or 
encouragement, ever went empty- 
handed from his door. While, gener- 
ally speaking, he was the friend of all, 
intimate friendships were many, and 
he was ever true as steel to those 
whom he esteemed as true, no matter 
what misfortune might have befallen 
them. He was the trusted adviser of 
many a man, without money and 
without price, and the legal services 



which he freely rendered those una- 
ble to pay would have brought a 
handsome fortune at ordinary charges. 

A kindlier heart or knightlier spirit 
than that of William Henry Mitchell 
has seldom animated the bosom of 
man; and when, yielding to the sud- 
den and sharp attack of acute dis- 
ease, which a physical constitution, 
never strong and weakened by long 
continued overwork, was unable to 
resist, the silver cord was broken, 
and the freed soul passed into "the 
infinite beyond,'' as the news of the 
dissolution spread through the com- 
munity, there was experienced a 
wider sense of personal loss, as well 
as of public misfortune, than had 
there been felt for many a year. 

Fraternally Mr. Mitchell was asso- 
ciated with the [Masonic order, having 
become a member of Burns Lodge, No. 
66, of Littleton, February 5, 1891. 
Pie was also a member of St. Gerard 
Commandery, R. T. of Littleton, had 
received the Scottish Rite degrees to 
and including the 32d, and had re- 
cently joined Mt. Eustis Chapter, 
0. E. S. His Masonic associations 
were warmly cherished and the beau- 
tiful tributes from these several organ- 
izations of which he was a member 
were conspicuous among the wealth 
of floral testimonials surrounding the 
casket at the funeral service, occurring 
at the home on South Street at noon 
on Tuesday, following his death at 
12.30 Saturday morning, April 20, 
1912, which was attended by a large 
company of relatives, friends, neigh- 
bors, townsmen, and associates in pro- 
fessional and public life. 

Mr. Mitchell united in marriage, 
May 4, 1887, at Columbus, O., her 
home for many years, with Miss Delia 
Bingham, daughter of the Hon. 
Edward F. Bingham, late chief justice 
of the Supreme Court of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, by whom he is 
survived. By marriage, therefore, as 
well as professional tutelage and part- 
nership, he was associated with one of 
the most notable families in the coun- 
try, his wife's father being a younger 
brother of Harry and George A. Bing- 



36 



The Granite Monthly 



ham, and all standing in the first rank 
among lawyers. 

Devotion to his professional and 
public duties never dwarfed or dimmed 
his love of home and domestic life, 
wherein he found solace and rest 
from the pressing cares of the day. 
For several summers he had been an 
enthusiastic motorist, and, with his 
wife, who equally loved the diversion, 
had enjoyed frequent short outings by 



auto amid the beauties of the sur- 
rounding mountain scenery. Occa- 
sionally, when the burden of care 
became too heavy, he indulged, with 
her, their mutual love for travel, vis- 
iting different parts of our own 
country and lands beyond the sea; but 
cherishing ever an unswerving love 
for his northland home, among whose 
eternal hills his mortal remains have 
found their final resting place. 



CONCORD 

By George TS^arren Parker 

By our state's majestic river 

In a valley fair and wide, 
By the primal hills environed, 

Is the capital — our pride. 

Concord the beautiful, honored and blest, 
Pride of the Granite State, which we love best; 

Homage we pay to thee, tribute we bring, 
Thy praises ever we joyfully sing. 

Fair her aspect as a maiden's 

Decked the nuptial groom to meet; 

Fraught with nature's richest blessings, 
Learning's Mecca, Culture's seat. 

In her parks and beauteous structures 

Visitors a pleasure find; 
From her State House laws enacted 

Emanate to bless mankind. 

Healthy, happy, and contented, 

Prosperous, too, her people seem; 
Giving means and service freely 

Wrong conditions to redeem. 

History tells but half the story, 

They who would all else best see- 
All her beauty, grandeur, glory — 

Must her foster children be. 



A NOTABLE CELEBRATION 



37 



By Frank Warren Hacked 



Worcester, Massachusetts, if I re- 
member aright, used to be styled 
"The Heart of the Commonwealth." 
Joy must have sprung up in that 
heart in the month of October. 1912. 
The American Antiquarian Society, 
founded in 1812, by that eminent 
printer, Isaiah Thomas, took it upon 
itself to celebrate the completion of 
a hundred years of its existence. 
This it did in royally good shape. 

The society sent out invitations to 
historians, and to the more promi- 
nent of the historical societies of the 
land, to come to Worcester and par- 
ticipate in the happy proceedings 
designed to mark the arrival of the 
centennial birthday. One was ad- 
vised that he could listen to the 
reading of papers that were going 
to be well worth hearing. It was 
a part of the project that he should 
be seated at a good dinner, within 
the hospitable walls of the Worcester 
Club, and later be treated to speak- 
ing of a superior quality. The list 
was to be headed by that pleasing 
master of the art, William Howard 
Taft, President of the United States. 
The invited guest, after reading the 
program, needed little coaxing. 

On the evening of Tuesday, the 14th 
of October, a reception was held at 
the spacious rooms of the society on 
Salisbury Street. More than a thou- 
sand of the townspeople and others 
gathered there, both old and young. 
Palms and flowers decorated the 
building; and music helped the guests 
convince themselves that they were 
having a good time of it. 

With the forenoon of the next day 
the real celebration began. Before 
an audience which filled the lecture 
room, the Hon. Charles Grenfill Wash- 
burn, a graduate of Harvard, and at 
one time member of Congress, de- 
livered a fitting address.* The 
speaker, it was plain to see, felt the 



inspiration that comes of facing one's 
townsmen, in a discourse upon a 
topic which appeals to pride of lo- 
cality. Air. Washburn's was at once 
instructive and entertaining. He 
proved himself specially happy in 
what he had to say of the national 
character of the Antiquarian Society. 

A breadth of view characterized 
the survey that the speaker took of 
the progress of science during the 
nineteenth century. Although the 
facts were to a large extent familiar, 
he marshaled them into a record that 
was indeed striking. While the dec- 
laration seemed to border upon the 
extravagant, Mr. Washburn's hearers 
were disposed to yield assent to the 
statement that "in therapeutics, 
medical and surgical, physiological, 
pathological and hygiene, greater 
progress had been made during the 
last century than during the previous 
two thousand years." 

At the conclusion of the address, 
brief congratulatory greetings were 
extended by one delegate after an- 
other, from state historical societies 
and from like institutions, the Xew 
Hampshire Historical Society being 
among the first to proffer a friendly 
word. 

The president of the Essex Institute 
(Mr. Appleton) ventured to contribute 
the historical fact, among others, that 
in his college days he had become 
hilarious in the streets of Worcester, 
because of the result of an aquatic 
triumph of Harvard over Yale, upon 
Lake Quinsigamond. One or two of 
the delegates spoke hopefully of 
Time bringing around, by and by, a 
centennial anniversary for their re- 
spective institutions. It was a sort 
of historical love feast. 

Upon being dismissed for a brief 
interval, the visitors (or such of them 
as were submissive to the treatment) 
were stowed away in automobiles, 



* Had it been fifty yeans ago, doubtless a poem would have followed. 



38 



The Granite Monthly 



and taken swiftly around to discover 
and admire the signs of prosperity 
on every hand. Perhaps, it is forty; 
at any rate, the number is surpris- 
ingly large of the languages (so we 
were assured) that are spoken in the 
various plants in this thriving city. 

The thought occurred that a favor- 
able impression did not wear off 
which the visitor gains as he alights 
at what may be called as fine a rail- 
road station as any one in America. 

A glance at the Polytechnic, at 
Clark University (which by the way, 
upon one of its brick fronts displays 
the name cut in granite, much as 
though it were a shoe-factory.) and 
other buildings of a like educational 
character, served to confirm the rea- 
sonableness of the claim set up by a 
guide-book years ago, that Worcester 
deserves to be styled "an academic 
city." Finally, after viewing many 
attractive residences, the guest was 
safely deposited on the sidewalk, 
upon Elm Street, where a big x\meri- 
can flag, and a group of people, sig- 
nified that the President of the 
United. States was about to be wel- 
comed! This was the hospitable man- 
sion of the Honorable Waldo Lincoln 
— the presiding officer of the American 
Antiquarian Society, where a luncheon 
was in readiness. 

This feature of the celebration, it 
is needless to add, achieved its own 
success. Among tire ladies who stood 
in line to receive with Mrs. Lincoln 
was Miss Delia Torrey, the vivacious 
aunt of President Taft. We had not 
long to wait before the President 
himself made his appearance, coming 
from Beverly in an automobile. A 
sight of the company reminded one 
of a meeting of college alumni. Am- 
bassador Bryce was to be seen in 
converse with Senator Lodge — both 
statesmen and men of letters. James 
Ford Rhodes found he could take his 
choice between Dr. Don Raimundar 
Rivar Escorar of Bogota, and David 
Randall Maclver of the Society of 
Antiquaries of London. Herbert Put- 
nam, Librarian of Congress, was there. 
and Worthington Chauncey Ford, 



together with that very eminent 
librarian, Samuel Swett Green, and 
other worthies who know something 
of the inside as well as of the outside 
of books. Charles Francis Adams, 
president of the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society, an older institution 
than the American Antiquarian, suc- 
ceeded fairly well in wearing a look 
of paternal benignity befitting the 
occasion. 

At three o'clock in the afternoon 
exercises were to be held in the 
Unitarian Church. Senator Henry 
Cabot Lodge was to speak as well as 
Dr. Andrew Cunningham McLaughlin 
of Chicago University, editor of the 
American Historical Renew, A little 
out of the common was it, this pro- 
posal for laymen to speak from the 
pulpit of a church. When the hour 
arrived, it found invited guests stand- 
ing on a slight hill, at the rear part 
of the edifice, patiently awaiting the 
opening of the door. Somebody 
within had been late in getting to 
his post. The brief delay led one of 
the visitors to proffer the explanation 
that " perhaps the Unitarian Bishop, 
at the last moment, had forbidden 
the use of the church." L~pon enter- 
ing we were taken through a room, 
whose walls bore memorial tablets in 
honor of youths who had given their 
lives for the Union, into a spacious 
and strikingly handsome interior, a 
church with galleries on three sides, 
and all its available space filled with 
people. The President of the L nited 
States occupied a front pew, while 
across the aisle, in another front pew, 
sat the British Ambassador. 

The exercises began with that 
hymn which your Harvard graduate 
recalls not without emotion, "Let 
children hear the mighty deeds," 
sung to the tune of Saint Martin's. 

President Waldo Lincoln, in a few 
words of welcome, told the audience 
of the birth one hundred years ago 
of the American Antiquarian Society, 
and of the devoted labors of its 
founder, Isaiah Thomas. Curiously 
enough, every one of the original 
members from Worcester, it seems, 



A Notable Celebration 



39 



were of that parish, whose first pastor 
was Aaron Bancroft, father of the 
historian. The church building, said 
the President, stands on the very 
spot where Isaiah Thomas, coming 
from Boston at the outbreak of the 
Revolution" (April, 1775) and setting 
up his press, printed the Massachu- 
setts Spy. 

Senator Lodge, who is gifted with 
attractive powers of deliver}-, began 
his remarks by explaining that his 
engagements had not allowed him to 
prepare a special address for the oc- 
casion. He asked to be permitted to 
tell the story, which was very en- 
tertaining, of a visit made by him 
while a youngster to Europe in 1866. 
The narrative had just enough flavor 
of antiquity to meet the demands of 
the occasion. The subject of Dr. Mc- 
Laughlin's address was ''Democracy 
and the Constitution." It proved 
to be the timely product of a deep 
thinker, a sound and clearly expressed 
conception of the purposes of the Fed- 
eral Constitution. The hearer could 
not fail to remind himself how urgent 
is the need of a constant exposition 
in simple terms to the American peo- 
ple of the design and the meaning of 
this wonderful charter of our rights, 
the language of which in many quar- 
ters, at the present hour is so readily 
forgotten, or misunderstood. Other 
hymns were sung, and the exercises 
were concluded with the benediction, 
pronounced by the minister of the 
church. 

In the evening the Society gave an 
enjoyable dinner at the Worcester 
Club. A more distinguished company 
of men devoted to the study of his- 
tory is rarely seen. The speakers were 
President Taft, Ambassador Bryce, 
Sefior Pezet (Minister from Peru), 
Charles Francis Adams, President of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
ex-Governor Pennypacker, President 
of the Pennsylvania Historical So- 
ciety, and William A. Dunning, 
Vice-President of the American His- 
torical Association. 

The President of the United States 
tvas received with hearty and pro- 



longed cheers. He seemed not to 
have a care in the world. That 
morning he had been elected a mem- 
ber of the society, of which a president 
of the United States had not been a 
member since the days of Andrew 
Jackson. It seems that "Old Hick- 
ory'' was the seventh president of the 
United States who had been enrolled 
in the membership of the society. 
President Taft alluded feelingly to 
the fact that his father had once 
been a member, and had taken a deep 
interest in its work, and attended 
meetings whenever he could do so. 
The President expressed a hope that 
Congress would soon appropriate the 
money wherewith to erect a suitable 
building for the Bureau of Archives 
at Washington, ground for which had 
been purchased, now ten years ago. 
The President wanted the historical 
societies of the country to work to- 
gether in order to bring about this 
greatly desired result. 

Of course Mr. Bryce was charming. 
Few after-dinner speakers excel him. 
With a tone of sincerity that added 
force to his words he declared that 
Great Britain and the United States 
must ever continue to be warm 
friends. Speaking of the. work of the 
historian, he remarked that it used 
to be told of Sir Robert Walpole that 
once he asked his secretary to read 
to him, but by way of caution added, 
"Do not read me history, for that is 
not true." Mr. Bryce also spoke of 
an English judge who used to say, 
"Truth will out, even in an affidavit." 
In a tactful and kindly manner he 
proffered a few- suggestions with 
regard to immigration. He knew that 
he was surrounded by friends, and 
everybody present was delighted with 
his utterances. 

The Peruvian Minister spoke ar- 
dently of the work that had been 
prosecuted of late in archaeology in 
some of the South American Repub- 
lics. Much that he said was in the 
nature of news to many of his hearers. 
He closed by praising the activities 
of Mr. John Barrett, of the Pan- 
American L'nion. 



40 



The Granite Monthly 



Mr. Adams led the thoughts of his 
hearers back to the events which were 
occurring a hundred years ago, when 
Napoleon was retreating from Mos- 
cow. He promised to give to the 
society ^certain copies of letters, from 
the Adams family collection, which 
had been written at that period from 
St. Petersburg, by John Quincy 
Adams, our Minister to Russia. 

Ex-Governor Pennypacker, who ar- 
gued for conservation, spoke with 
deliberation, yet earnestly. He hov- 
ered dangerously near the verge of 
politics when he said of the President 
of " the United States that he had 
"fallen upon evil "times/ 7 He ex- 
tolled the work of .the historian and 
of the antiquarian. "I am an anti- 
quarian society myself," he ex- 
claimed. He said of the house where 
he lives, that it once was occupied by 
Washington during the Revolution; 
and that it is perhaps the only house 
now standing, so occupied, that ever 
since has been owned and lived in by 
the descendants of the family of the 
then owner. 

The Worcester Club, it is hardly 
needful to say, was gracious in its 



hospitality. The guest brought away 
with him agreeable impressions of the 
town, and of the stability and intel- 
lectuality of its people. The American 
Antiquarian Society is the fortunate 
possessor of a large and thor- 
oughly appointed building for its 
library, and like treasures. This 
structure with the fine grounds adja- 
cent came of the liberality of the 
late Stephen Salisbury, of Worcester. 
The menu card, I may add, bore an 
engraving of a bookplate, with the 
seal of the society, and a miniature 
portrait of Isaiah Thomas, President 
1S12-1831, and of Stephen Salisbury, 
President 1854-1884. 

The American Antiquarian Society 
is quietly and steadily engaged in a 
work whose influences sooner or later 
reach the hearts and homes of the 
American people. It is an institu- 
tion that has just cause to be proud 
of what it has achieved during the 
century of its existence. 

The reader may be gratified at 
learning that it is the intention of the 
society (at least so I am given to 
understand) to celebrate its next 
centennial anniversary in 2012. 



GOOD-XIGHT 

By L. Adelaide Sherman 

Low in the west the crescent moon is hung— 

Good-night, my love, good-nip;ht. 
The jasmine tree her vesper bell has rung — 

Good-night. 
The nightingale from yonder shadowy glade 
Is singing, deep within the forest's shade 
The whip-poor-will's forlorn lament is made- 
Good-night, my love, good-night. 



The planets burn within the heavens afar — 

Good-night, my love, good-night. 
Your perfect face Is still my guiding star — 

Good-night. 
And in my dreams my heart shall homeward fly 
As flies the weary bird, till you and 1 
No longer part beneath a star-gemmed sky — 

Good-night, my love, good-night. 



AN INTERESTING EVENT 



V 



Celebration and Dedication at South Barnstead Congregational 

Church 



Historical Address by Mrs. Lydia J. Reynolds 



The old town of Barnstead, terri- 
torially one of the largest in the state,, 
and, judged by the number of men and 
women who have gone out from its 
limits and taken an active part in the 
world's work, one of the most import- 
ant, was settled early in the eighteenth 
century, and for more than one hun- 
dred and fifty years has contributed 
a generous share, in the work of sus- 
taining the institutions of religion, 
and promoting the moral as well as 
the material welfare of the state at 
large. 

Of its three Congregational churches 
■ — one at the North village, one at the 
" Parade" and one at South Barn- 
stead — the last two for many years in 
charge of the same pastor — the South 
Barnstead church has long filled a 
distinctive place in the history and 
progress of the community, and is 
cherished in the memory of numbers 
of men and women, in other towns 
and states, whose early lives were 
influenced in the right direction 
through attendance upon its services 
from Sabbath to Sabbath. 

On Wednesday, the eighteenth day 
of December last, occurred an event 
of more than ordinary interest in the 
community, it beinp; in the nature of 
a "Thanksgiving Jubilee," as the 
printed programme used on the occa- 
sion has it, and signalized by the 
dedication of a new tower, clock and 
bell, which had been provided for the 
old church edifice, during the previous 
season, the movement therefor having 
been initiated by Mr. Lewis F. Hanson 
of Cambridge, Mass., a native of the 
place, who spent the summer with his 
family in the old home town, and 
noting the fact that the old church 
was still without a bell, was moved to 
offer the gift of a fine bell, if the 
society and people of that section 



would provide the addition of a tower 
to the church in which it could suit- 
ably be placed. This generous offer 
was enthusiastically accepted, the 
means provided and the work carried 
out. In addition the interest of 
another loyal native of the town and 
friend of the church — Mr. Everett 
Clark of Boston — was aroused, and 
not to be outdone in generosity, he 
contributed a fine Howard clock, to 
ornament the tower and keep the 
people correctly informed of the pas- 
sage of the hours. Another outcome 
of the general movement in the line 



r\ 




\ 



\ 



South Barnstead Church as it Was 

of improvement was the presentation 
of a fine piano, by Miss LizzieMooney, 
to the society, in memory of her 
mother. 

The gathering, on the occasion in 
question, partook of the nature of a 
reunion, in large measure, many 
former residents, being present to 
meet old friends and enjoy the exer- 
cises which included both forenoon 
and afternoon services, that of the 
forenoon opening at 9.30 o'clock with 
a praise and devotional service, fol- 
lowed by an Address of Welcome by 
the pastor, Rev. Henry A. Ryder, who 
is also pastor of the church at the 



42 



The Granite Monthly 



Parade and has rendered excellent 
service in both parishes. A sketch 
of the movement by which the im- 
provements were brought about was 
read by Mrs. Mary Tasker, and words 
of good cheer spoken by visiting 
pastors and others, while a special 
feature was the excellent music fur- 
nished by the male quartette from 
the church at the Parade, assisted by 
a large chorus. 

A dinner and social hour followed, 
from 12.30 to 2 o'clock, when the 
formal dedication exercises opened 




Rev. Henry A. Ryder 

with praise service, scripture reading, 
prayer and music. 

The historical paper or address, 
prepared for the occasion with much 
care, by Mrs. Lydia J. Reynolds, 
whose alert memory brought out 
many interesting facts, not of record, 
and which might never otherwise have 
been recorded, was then presented, as 
follows : 

Historical Sketch 

Of the early history of this building 
but little is known. Who conceived 
the idea or drew the plan, who was 
the architect, or who helped in the 
work of building, nothing seems to 
have been recorded, and the details 



of the work together with the work- 
men passed out of remembrance long 
ago. _ Not even the date of its erec- 
tion is positively known. 

The reasonable idea is that the 
need of a house of worship, and a 
church home for the Free Baptist 
church already existing (having been 
organized in 1S.03 by Elder David 
Knowlton) appealed to the citizens; 
the idea of building was agitated and 
discussed, until a committee was 
chosen to oversee the work and direct 
the workmen, and the work was 
then begun. 

There was an entrance on the 
front of the house, where the tower 
now stands, with, probably, a porch 
over it, opening directly into the 
room 40 by 42 feet, with the pulpit 
in the rear of the room and no chim- 
ney. In these days of furnace-heated 
churches we wonder at this, but this 
church was not alone in its unheated 
condition, for a chimney and stoves 
were not added to the Parade church 
until many years after its erection. 
The pews were square, of old-time 
fashion, well remembered by some 
now living, and when the house was 
completed the pews were sold to pay 
the cost of building. 

This was probably the fourth meet- 
ing house built in Barnstead. The 
first a rude log structure, built some- 
time between the years of 1727 and 
1754, on land formerly owned by 
Levi Clark, and recently by Everett 
Clark, the site now marked by a 
granite post. The second, in point 
of time, but the first framed church 
edifice in Barnstead is the Parade 
church, completed in 1799 and dedi- 
cated in September of that year. 

The third house was begun in 1803, 
on land presented by Joseph Tasker, 
Esq., and stood opposite his resi- 
dence, now the home of Mr. A. J. 
Fournier, and was called " The Union 
Meeting House." Tradition tells us 
that Eider David Knowlton was 
ordained in that house on November 
23, 1803, the Free Baptists using it 
occasionally for a house of worship, 
until after the death of Elder Know!- 



An Interesting Event 



43 



ton, when difficulties arising they 
withdrew, and it was not used again 
for worship until 1S20 when it was 
moved, being drawn by a team of 
two hundred oxen, and located at 
"Winkley's Corner," so called, near 
the present residence of Isaac H. 
Clark, and there it was nearly com- 
pleted. It was a spacious two-story 
structure, but from the first it seemed 
to be ill-fated. It is claimed that its 
erection was actuated by a spirit of 
competition, and it failed to prosper, 



Clark, Samuel Clark, William Hill, 
Enoch Clark, William Lord, Depend- 
ance Colebath; Females — Temper- 
ance Clark. Sally Clark, Eleanor 
Colebath, Hannah Lord, Pollv Hill 
Sally Tasker, Betsey Clark, Lucy Hill. 
Jonathan Clark and William Hill 
were the deacons, and Jeremiah Clark, 
clerk. 

I notice, first, that of the sixteen 
original members, eight were Clarks, 
and secondly, that at that early date 
the male members were not in the 



jF%gp**s : -•• - * 







I 



hi 



m 



South Barnstead Church Today 



and in 1848 it was taken down and 
its timber turned to other u-es. 

This house was probably built prior 
to the year 1822 on land originally 
owned by John Clark, one of the first 
settlers of Barnstead, and given by 
one of his sons, probably Ezekiel 
Clark, 1st, for the erection hereon 
of a meeting house; hence the name, 
"Clark Meeting House." On its 
completion it became the home of 
the Free Baptist Church already men- 
tioned. This church consisted of 
sixteen members, eight males and 
eight females as follows, viz. : Males — 
Jonathan Clark, Jeremiah Clark, John 



minority, at least in that church. A 
record of their monthly meetings 
was kept from 1818 to" 1823. The 
last entrv I copy in full; it reads: 
" March the 12th. Met at the house 
of Bro. Jonathan Clark for conference 
meeting. The meeting was opened 
by prayer, and we had a good meeting. 
Caverno Hanson, Clerk. 

After the church was organized and 
prior to April, 1834, eighty more 
names were added to the roll, but 
the date, or form of admission, was 
not entered until 1834. Previous to 
1833 the Free Baptists in Barnstead 
were only associated together in church 



44 



The Granite Monthly 



order, but on May 29, 1833, they 
organized a Society, which was incor- 
porated under the name of "The 
First Free Baptist Society in Barn- 
stead." The articles of incorporation 
were signed by six men, namely: 
Enoch Bunker, John Dow, John 
Kaime, Oliver Dennett, Mark Den- 
nett, Samuel G. Berry. Of this 
society John Kaime was clerk. 



and Louisa Clark. The last name 
recorded before these was Elder 
Lincoln Lewis, who was pastor at that 
time. 

Probably about this time a work 
of repair and improvement was en- 
tered upon. The pews were bought 
up and taken out, and those of today 
put in. Entries were parted off, 
two doors put in instead of one, a 



•-•.,. .,-;>;;-. 



■.■■'-:>-.'■■ • -^--- .;..--;.-• 



mr ~hs *&& 



/ 



J . 



~\ 






-^*?^r~-^~4y&J 



Mrs. Lydia J. Reynolds 



One interesting item in these records 
was this: "It is thought proper to 
have the next annual meeting at the 
Clark meeting house in October, 
1835." This being the first time this 
house was mentioned in any known 
records of the Free Baptist church, or 
society. 

New members were added to the 
church from time to time until under 
date of January 9, 1851, we find the 
names of Ezekiel Clark, Joel Clark, 



chimney built, and stoves put in. 
The pulpit was taken out, and a 
moderately high one, with " singing 
seats" back of the pulpit, and a few 
steps higher, was built in the front 
of the room, with perhaps some 
other changes, and the pews were 
sold once more to pay the cost of 
repairing. 

In the "43 move" (so called) of 
the Advent doctrine, the church was 
greatly stirred, and when the rallying 



An Interesting Event 



45 



call was once more sounded in 1S54, 
a large percentage of the membership 
had embraced that faith and with- 
drew from the church. 

The year 1S57 was a year of great 
business depression, but a time of 
prosperity in religion, and during 
that fall and the following winter 
revival meetings were holden here, 
under the united labors of Elder 
David L. Edgerly, Free Baptist, and 
Elder Noah Glidden, Adventist. The 
meetings were largely attended, the 
room being often filled at an evening 
service. Many were converted, and 
backsliders reclaimed. Differences 
in doctrine were kept in the back- 
ground. It was a time of special 
favor, and many today remember 
those days of blessing as ''Golden 
Days of Grace' 7 for the church at 
Clarktown. 

"And recall the blessed harmony, 
when all with one accord 
Forgot to be self-seeking, in united 
work for God." 

But when the~ special meetings 
came to a close and the worshipers 
separated, going their several ways, 
dividing the converts, each taking a 
share, it was found that the Free 
Baptists had been the losers. The 
Advent pewholders equalled or out- 
numbered the Free Baptists, and on 
this ground they claimed the right 
to use the meeting house on each 
alternate Sunday. It was granted, 
and after this — a divided house. 

In 1858 the Free Baptist church 
was revised and attached to the 
united churches of Free Baptists 
under the name of "The First Free 
Baptist Church in Barnstead." A 
simple covenant was adopted and 
signed by twenty names, eighteen of 
these being brought over from the 
old list of members, and two new 
ones baptized and added. This fact 
tells us how serious had been their 
loss. The revised church was com- 
posed of ten males and ten females. 
Once more the sexes were equal, and 
of these twenty, nine were Clarks. 

The members were: Male — Levi 



Clark, William S. Clark, David Clark, 
Samuel Clark, Andrew J. Young, 
Hiram S. Young, Hezekiah Gray, 
Simeon Lougee, William P. Gray^ 
Oliver Evans. Females — Sarah Clark, 
Judith Clark, Betsey H. Clark, Eliz- 
abeth A. Clark, Louisa Clark, Nancy 
Welch, Wealthy A. Caswell, Mary 
W. Lougee, Margaret Gray, Sarah 
Evans. 

# These are all dead with the excep- 
tion of Margaret Gray who lives at 
the age of 83 years. 

In the next seven years twenty- 
two more were added, the last ones 
in October, 1SG5; but a spirit of 
migration seemed to have taken hold 
of the members, and from time to 
time families moved to adjoining 
towns, each removal reducing the 
strength of the church, and bringing 
increased discouragement to those 
left, and in May, 1872, the remnant 
united with the "Free Evangelical 
Church" so called, at Barnstead 
Center, the name being changed to 
"Barnstead Free Baptist Church." 

Their last recorded meeting in this 
house was on March 14, 1S67. 

After a period of a score of years 
of inaction the church was dropped 
from the denominational roll, and the 
records deposited in the Memorial 
chapel at Xew Durham. 

In the meantime the Adventists 
had increased and acquired full pos- 
session of the meeting house. 

As a body the Adventists Avere at 
first strongly opposed to all church 
organization. To be ready for the 
immediate coming of the Lord, and 
to separate themselves from the 
world and from all connection with 
other religious bodies was the prom- 
inent and parallel teaching. But 
after the set time had passed great 
efforts were made to secure unity 
along other lines of doctrine, and 
meetings for argument and discussion 
were, frequent. The theme of con- 
versation, whenever neighbors met 
for a social evening, was along these 
lines, and the long hours of a winter 
evening would be all too short a 
time; when obliged by the lateness 



46 



The Granite Monthly 



of the hour to drop the subject it 
was only to resume it at their next 
meeting. 

The Christians of those days were 
earnest people. Nearly every house- 
hold had its family altar, where 
morning and evening prayer and 
praise were offered,, father, mother 
and children engaging in vocal prayer. 
Perhaps they were over zealous on 
points of doctrine, for it led to con- 
troversies, dividing the body into 
factions to such an extent that the 
"Advent Christian Conference" 
meeting here in 1878, decided, in 
order to restore right conditions, to 
"set them in Church order.'' 

Accordingly on November 16, 1878, 
a covenant was .adopted and twenty- 
nine names subjoined. ' There were 
many who still retained a feeling of 
distrust and refused to have their 
names enrolled. Others hesitated, 
until assured that "the door swings 
both ways," and if on further con- 
sideration they were for any reason 
dissatisfied their names should be 
dropped by their request. 

Three more names were added in 
'79, one in '81, making a total enroll- 
ment of thirty-three names. Of these 
one died, seven moved away, seven- 
teen were dropped at their request 
previous to May, 1886, leaving only 
eight resident members. So the effort 
was not successful in securing the 
desired harmony, but became another 
cause for dissention, and was perhaps 
one cause of the separation in 1S91, 
when, at a young people's meeting 
in this house, a statement of religious 
belief by the leader of the meeting, 
misunderstood by a few older per- 
sons present, caused such excitement, 
that at a subsequent meeting one of 
the leaders of the major party 
announced, in substance, that they 
should withdraw from the house. 
They withdrew, and left the other 
party in possession of the church. 

These continued to hold regular 
services, and on the third day of 
July, 1891, formed an association of 
thirteen members. Three more were 
added later, and in September, 1891, 



this society was incorporated under 
the name of "The South Barnstead 
Christian Association." 

This was the first time the house 
had been held or occupied, by a cor- 
porate body, and when later the 
question arose as to who should con- 
trol the house, the Advent or Congre- 
gational churches, the lawyers said, 
"the ones now holding it." 

James C. Eastman was chosen 
president; Lydia J. Reynolds, secre- 
tary, and John Tasker, treasurer. 

At this time the meeting house 
was in great need of repair and the 
society put on projecting eaves, 
shingled and painted it, and later 
built the horse sheds. 

On October 8, 1892, a vote was 
carried by the society recommending 
the formation of a church, and, after 
careful deliberation a Congregational 
church was unanimously chosen. A 
committee was appointed to draw up 
a covenant, confession of faith and a 
constitution, to call an ecclesiastical 
council, and to provide for the 
formation of such a church. This 
was done, and on October 24, 1892, 
an ecclesiastical council was assembled 
in the church at two o'clock in the 
afternoon, which was composed of 
the following named churches, and 
represented by either pastor, dele- 
gate, or both. The four Congrega- 
tional churches at Concord, the 
Congregational churches at Pittsfield, 
Barnstead, Center Barnstead, Gil- 
manton Iron Works and Chichester. 

The Council organized by the 
choice of Rev. Harry P. Dewey, 
moderator, and Rev. Edwin J. Aiken, 
scribe. 

A full statement of the facts in the 
case was made, with the reasons 
which had led thereto, and the follow- 
ing eighteen names were presented 
for church membership: Males — 
Jefferson Emerson, John Tasker, 
Richard W. Caswell, Charles H. Rey- 
nolds, Alphonse J. Fournier, Charles 
II. Berry, James C. Emerson. Females 
— Pauline Avery, Annie C. Tasker, 
Vianna Emerson, Sarah C. Tasker, 
Martha T. Caswell, Lydia J. Rey- 



An Interesting Event 



47 



notds', Hattie A. Founder, Mary E. 
Emerson, Ada E. E. Clark, Annie R. 
Hanson, Alice C. Hanson. Seven 
males and eleven females, and of 
these eighteen names were seven of 
the eight remaining resident mem- 
bers of the Advent church organized 
in 18S7. 

The Council by personal exami- 
nation satisfied itself of the fitness of 
these persons for such union, and, 
being by itself, voted to receive them 
into church membership and extend 
to them the fellowship of the churches 
represented. 

In December, 1892, the name of 
the ''South Barnstead Christian Asso- 
ciation" was changed to the ''South 
Barnstead Congregational Society/' 
its object being, as set forth in its 
constitution, "to co-operate with the 
Congregational church at South Barn- 
stead, in providing for and main- 
taining the worship of Almighty God, 
in accordance with the faith and 
order thereof." 

To the original number of eighteen 
there has been added by confession 
of faith, twenty-eight, and by letters 
from other churches, five, making a 
total enrollment of fifty-one. 

Ten have departed this life, and 
seven have received letters to other 
churches, leaving a present member- 
ship of thirty-four; six of these are 
non-resident. 

James C. Emerson, the pastor of 
the Christian Association, continued 
as pastor of the newly organized 
church and in June, 1893, was or- 
dained and installed bj- the Council, 
but resigned his office the following 
December, accepting a joint call to 
the Congregational churches at Alton 
and Xorth Barnstead. He was suc- 
ceeded here by Rev. Joseph 0. Tasker, 
who continued with this church 
until July. 1895. 

The following September this 
church was yoked with the Barnstead 
church under Rev. Walter H. Wood- 
sum, wfio remained with these 
churches until the spring of 1899. 
He was followed by Rev. Louis Ellms 
who filled the office of pastor until 



the summer of 1901. Rev. George 
H. Hull was their next pastor, con- 
tinuing with them until the fall of 
1903. 

In 1904 this church separated from 
the Barnstead church in the support 
of Rev. Richard Wilton, and in the 
years 1904-07 was ministered to by 
Mr. George Winch during the summer 
months, and by different ones as 
supplies, during the other months, 
uniting with the Barnstead church 
again in 1907, in the support of Rev. 
C. G. Roop. He finished his service 
in August, 1908, and the following 
October Mr. J. F. Haas commenced 
to supply the pulpit. The following- 
spring he gave place to Mr. Luther 
Markin who served the balance of 
the year. 

In January, 1910, Rev. Henry A. 
Ryder accepted a joint call from the 
churches at Barnstead and South 
Barnstead to become their pastor, 
and he sustains that relation now. 

This church has been greatly blessed 
in the faithfulness of its pastors and 
ministers. The names of Revs. Em- 
erson, Tasker, Woodsum and Ellms, 
have become household words with 
us, and Messrs. Haas and Markin, 
of more recent date and shorter terms 
of service, became also very dear to 
this people, while between the earlier 
and the later ministers stands the 
strong and eminent personality of 
our faithful friend and minister, Mr. 
George Winch. 

This church commenced life under 
difficulties. Congregationalism was 
new in this locality, and its polity 
was not generally understood. There 
was some prejudice against it; it had 
no wealthy patrons to champion its 
cause. Some looked upon it as a 
man built house, and watched for its 
speedy fall. Others, more favorable, 
considered it "a doubtful experi- 
ment." But from its very beginning 
it seemed to be divinely favored, and 
grew, reducing prejudice and gather- 
ing to itself friends and supporters. 

The faith of its members grew 
stronger, and very soon they began 
to send forth that old time invitation, 



48 



The Granite Monthly 



"Come thou, and go with us, and we 
will do thee good; for the Lord hath 
spoken good eoneerning Israel." 

This call, oft repeated, lingers to- 
day. Pause a moment. Don't you 



again in the silvery tones of the bell. 
Come, come, come! May its clear 
ringing tones sound through the 
valley and up the hillside, entering 
the homes of the people, calling them 



X' 



X 



/ 






. 




_^M\ M 


» 


1 

-4 


/ 




j 




^ 







l*k 



x 



■i t 




Lewis F. Hanson* 



feel it in the beating of your own 
heart as by the agency of the Holy 
Spirit you recall the words of the 
Blessed Master, "All ye are breth- 



ren 



Listen! You can hear it 



in 



to hear that sweetest of all things 
the Gospel of the Christ. ''And let 
him that heareth, say Come." 

Let us glance backward twenty- 
two years, and we shall see here, a 
rather old and unshapely building, 
paint worn off, roof leaking, greatly 



the ticking of the clock! Come, 
come, come, come! It repeats itself 

*Lewis F. Hanson, now residing in Cambridge, Mass.,, was the sixth son of the nine children 
(eight sons and one daughter) of Nathaniel and Margery (Evans) Hanson. He was born at 
South Barnstead, December 19, 1S42, in early life attended the district school, usually of four 
weeks in summer and four in the winter, near the old homestead now occupied by Sidney C. 
Hanson. At the age of sixteen he attended school at Xew Hampton, for one term, after which 
he took up the trade of shoemaking for the purpose of securing means for attending school 
again, and located in Xorthwood, with a brother, Dr. C. W. Hanson. Closely confining himself 
to the bench, he found but little time for books and study. About that time the Civil War 
had begun, and the' onward rush to war of soldiers from ail over the land, and the call for three 
hundred thousand men by President Lincoln in July, 1862, seemed too great a summons to 
pass unheeded. On August 14, 1862, with another comrade. Charles H. Hoitt of Xorthwood, 
who had alreadv seen service for three months in 1861, he started to enlist. It was a fine, 



An Interesting Event 



49 



in need of repair. No shelter for 
horses, but through storm or sun- 
shine, hitched to posts and fences, 
they sweat or shivered according to 
the weather. 

Entering we see bare floors and 
unpainted seats, small box stoves that 
had done duty for forty years. A 
small and well worn Bible lay on the 
pulpit. There was no organ or hymn 
books, except such as were owned by 
individuals. 

There was no resident minister, but 
supplies from other towns held irreg- 
ular services on Sunday mornings, 
but seldom on Sunday evenings. 
The situation was deplorable, and 
the hearts of a few r were stirred and 
an effort was made to better condi- 
tions. A Sunday evening meeting 
was started, with an attendance of 
forty, mostly young people. Then 
the need of singing books was felt, 
and a club of subscribers for the 
Christian Herald was raised and a 
premium of twenty-five copies of 
Gospel Hymns No. 5 was secured. 
Then came the need of an instrument 
by which to learn the tunes, and an 
organ was purchased. 

At that time there was a feeling 
on the part of some against having 
music in churches, and some opposi- 
tion was aroused. This was a con- 
tributing cause for the separation of 
worshipers which soon took place. 



Repairs and lmprove?ne?its 

In 1891 and 1S92 the house was 
repaired on the outside and the 
horse sheds built. New stoves were 
put in and the windows curtained. 
During Mr. Ellms' pastorate he 
superintended another work of repairs 
and the church was painted outside 
and in, Mr. Ellms himself in paint- 
er's outfit wielding a brush with the 
painters. We esteemed him no less 
for the workman's garb. 

The floor was covered through the 
efforts of the late Horace W. Evans, 
and testified to his zeal and faithful- 
ness to the church. 

Two years ago the need of other 
repairs was very evident, and a 
meeting of the society was called in 
May, 1911, at which a vote to repair 
was carried. Some over S200 was 
raised by subscription and expended 
for material, and those with willing 
hearts and cunning hands wrought 
on the work. The roofs were shin- 
gled, the inside of the church ceiled, 
and the ceiling painted, before Christ- 
mas, 1911, and not a dollar paid out 
for work. 

Then it was thought best to sus- 
pend the work until the next fall, 
when the woodwork inside was to be 
painted. Just before the time for 
taking up the work again, a propo- 
sition was laid before the society, 



pleasant day, and with an old white horse, in a one horse shay, away to Portsmouth they rode, 
and were at once enrolled in Company G, Tenth New Hampshire Volunteers, a company then 
being raised by Capt. George W. Towle, and of which J. Albert Sanborn, was first or orderly 
sergeant, and subsequently captain in the same regiment. 

It was Mr. Hanson's good fortune to be with his regiment, and in every engagement, until 
after the battle of Fair Oaks, Ya., including the battles of Fredericksburg, Pittsburg, Cold 
Harbor, Dairy's Bluff, Fort Harrison and, last, that of Fair Oaks, \ a., on October 27. 1S64, 
where he was captured and made prisoner of war with fifty-four others of his regiment in one 
of the fiercest battles of the war. Out of the fifty-four men captured thirty-seven lost their 
lives by starvation in Libby and Salisbury (X. C.) prisons where untold suffering was endured 
during the period from October 27, 1801, to February 22, 1S65. On Washington's birthday 
when leaving prison some one (of 3,000 to 4,000; called at the top of his voice: "Boys, remember 
this Washington's birthday," when the men were a half mile beyond the prison gates wending 
their way up the railroad track out of Salisbury. Mr. Hanson was one who barely escaped 
with his life, being reduced to a walking skeleton of 88 pounds in weight and already coming 
down with typhoid fever. Being furloughed, on sick leave, he reached home in the latter part 
of March. 1805. Lincoln's assassination and death was the first news after regaining conscious- 
ness from the fever and before leaving the sick bed orders came for him to report to Concord, 
for muster out of the service when he was sufficiently able to respond. On May 20, following, 
he was mustered out of the United States Service. 

During the autumn of 1865, having sufficiently regained his health, he resolved to again at- 
tend school. In September of that year he left for Poughkeepsie, X. Y., to take a commercial 
course at Eastman's National Business College, from which he graduated in the summer of 



50 



The Granite Monthly 



of Cambridge gave, us one hundred 
copies of the Alexander Songs, fol- 
lowed soon after by the gift of the 
bell. Mr. Everett Clark added the 
clock. His niece, Miss Lizzie Mooney 
gave the piano. 

Other friends have aided us from 
time to time with gifts of money to 
help carry on the work. I must 
leave the expression of thanks to 
these, for all their favors, to some one 
who can render them more fittingly. 

What can I say better in closing 
my sketch than to repeat the words 
of that great worker, the Apostle 
Paul. "Having therefore, obtained 
help of God," Ave "continue unto this 
day." 

Other addresses, interspersed with 
excellent music, followed, after which 
came the act of dedication, partici- 
pated in by pastor and people, singing 
the doxology, and the first formal 
ringing of the bell. 

A communion service was then 
participated in, led by the pastor with 
visiting clergymen and the South 
Barnstead and Parade deacons assist- 
ing, followed with a hymn and closing 
benediction. 

Addresses of special interest were 
those of Mr. L. F. Hanson of Cam- 
bridge, the originator and donor of 
the bell, and that of Mr. E. Everett 

1866, then returning to Xew Hampshire and subsequently going to Boston, where he secured 
a position as clerk and bookkeeper. 

On February 25, 1867, he was married to Sarah Adelia Knowles, of Xorthwood. They 
resided in Boston and Roxbury until the autumn of 1S6S. On December 12, 1869, Mr. Han- 
son started in trade for himself at Newmarket, there successfully conducting the grocery, crock- 
ery, hardware and grain business, till, in the year 1SS2, he sold out to Durgin Brothers. During 
the time of residing in Xewrnarket he erected a beautiful set of buildings on Durham Avenue 
now owned and occupied by Mr. and Mrs. William A. Martin. 

In the autumn of 1882, Mr. Hanson received an appointment to a position in the United 
States Pension Bureau at Washington, and for several years resided there with his family. He 
was subsequently appointed a special examiner in the Pension Bureau, in which position he was 
employed for some ten or twelve years, and was regarded as one of the best examiners in the 
service, from time to time receiving letters of commendation from his superior officers in the 
Pension office for the excellent work accomplished. 

On January 15, 1906, Mr. Hanson resigned from the government employ to accept a more 
lucrative position as special agent and claim adjuster with the Boston Mutual Life Insurance 
Company, in which capacity he is still employed. 

The good people of South Barnstead rejoice much in listening to the hourly striking of the 
new clock in the new church tower and are indeed happy. The donation of the church bell was 
made on the occasion of the Fiftieth Anniversary of Mr. Hanson's enlistment as a soldier in 
the service of his country, he being credited to the quota of that town. The Union Memorial 
Bell, on which his name was cast, will long be remembered by his many friends, and neighbors, 
in the Old Home Parish. Mr. Hanson, wife and three daughters, Mrs. Allen M. Davis, Miss 
Harriet M. and Miss Elizabeth M. Hanson, all reside in Cambridge, Mass. 



that if they would build a suitable 
tower to install it a bell would be 
given them. The offer was accepted 
and work was begun. The tower was 
well advanced in building, when word 
came to prepare for a tower clock, as 
one was to be given. Next, a com- 
munication from a lady that she 
would give the church, for a memorial, 
the piano of her departed mother, a 
former resident of this locality. And 
so the work moves on. 

In conclusion it might be well to 
mention some of the gifts, by which 
friends have expressed their sympa- 
thy for and desire to help in the work 
of the church. 

The first, a gift of $2 with a word 
of appreciation . from David Clark, 
one of the members of the First Free 
Baptist church. This gift seemed to 
bring with it the fellowship of those 
co-workers of long ago. Through the 
kindness of Rev. E. J. Aiken of Con- 
cord, we have a Bible for the pulpit. 
Some Chelsea ladies gave us the pulpit 
chairs. • Rev. J. 0. Tasker gave us 
twenty copies of the Gospel Hymns 
combined. 

In 1903 Horace W. Evans pre- 
sented us with twenty copies of the 
Pentecostal Hymns, and later the 
Free Baptist church at Pittsfield gave 
us twenty copies more. 

Last summer Mr. Lewis F. Hanson 



An Interesting Event 



51 



Clark of Pittsfield, a nephew of 
Everett Clark of Boston the giver of 
the clock, who made the presentation 
in his uncle's behalf. 

Mr. Hanson's address was as fol- 
lows: 

Address of L. F. Hanson 

My Friends: 

Coming back to speak a few words of con- 
gratulation and happy greeting may I ask 
your kind indulgence for a few moments, 
touching upon the matter of my modest gift 
to this church and in a wider sense to this 
town. 

The thought which underlies the feeling of 
kindness and good will toward our fellowmen 
was the sentiment, it now seems to me, which 
upheld us as a people, and which supported 
our government and sustained the courage 
of our armies through the trying years of the 
War of the Rebellion from 1S61 to 1SG5. It 
was the spirit which recognized our duty to 
God and Humanity, a spirit which converted 
the task of preserving the Union into a holy 
cause and by rapid degrees transformed our 
soldiers and all who supported that cause into 
heroes. 

What were the influences which so moulded 
the character of our people that no sacrefices 
of treasure, happiness, health, or life seemed 
100 great an offering to the cause which glori- 
fied the great event of fifty years ago? With- 
out a doubt, in our own minds, when we cast 
a retrospective glance into the past and recall 
again the scenes of our earlier youth, the 
"Country Church, " and the "Little Red 
School House" were the source of that in- 
spiration of a people which carried that war 
to a successful finish. 

May I call your attention to the fact that 
following the discovery of this new world by 
Columbus, Spain sent expedition after expedi- 
tion across the ocean, whose object was to 
take possession of the "New World" with the 
sole purpose of transporting untold riches in 
gold and silver back to the King and Queen of 
Spain, all for the earthly honor, wealth and 
fdory of the sovereignty of Spain. The early 
English voyagers appear to havebeenactuated 
by no higher motive, and all for the earthly 
glory, wealth, and power of Queen Elizabeth 
and her realms. 

Consider for a moment the power, wealth, 



and influence of the earlier voj'agers of Spain 
and England with their armed ships and sol- 
diery, whose avowed purpose was to rob a 
primitive people of their gold and hi mis, and 
contrast with them that little forlorn band of 
Pilgrims which sailed from an oppressive 
Fatherland with the only hope of finding a 
place on these shores where they might wor- 
ship God as their conscience dictated. Xo 
dreams of wealth or power or conquest stirred 
the hearts of that brave, devoted company of 
persecuted men and women. No thought of 
avarice or ambition animated their bosoms. 
Yet simultaneously with the building of their 
own humble homes in the wilderness, they 
erected their equally humble houses of wor- 
ship and education. Today Spain owns not 
an inch of land in the New World. The 
possessions of England are practically limited 
to a few islands in the Carribean Sea and the 
land north of the United States. 

It is no stretch of imagination to suggest 
that the spirit of the Pilgrim Fathers has 
permeated this entire land. The spirit of the 
"Country Church" and the power of the 
"Little Red School House" established in 
humble poverty and pathetic prayers, now 
animate the mightiest nation on earth. The 
institution of slavery, being incompatible 
with it, has disappeared, and many other 
national evils, provided that spirit remains, 
will also disappear. 

On the fiftieth anniversary of my enlistment 
in the service of my country, as a soldier 
credited to this town the thought and desire 
came to me to contribute something to the 
support, encouragement, and perpetuation of 
that spirit of the love of God and uplifting 
of humanity which I have faintly described, 
but which I believe was the soul of the army 
of the Lord fifty years ago. 

With the humble hope that this bell for 
many generations will call the people of this 
town to the contemplation of those truths 
upon which our nation, our church, and our 
homes are founded, I now have the honor and 
great pleasure of presenting this, the "Union 
Memorial Bell, " to this church and the people 
of my native town. May it be a signal to 
God's people to remember the Sabbath day 
and keep it holy. May it welcome the 
stranger, hasten the tardy and remind the 
careless that they have a duty to perform, and 
the thoughtless that the Sabbath day has come 
again. May its tone go direct from this 



52 



The Granite Monthly 



church to the sick, the invalid, the feeble, 
reaching throughout, the valley and over 
yonder hills, uttering a prayer both beautiful 
and divine. 

The address of Mr. E. Everett 
Clark, speaking for his uncle, was as* 
follows: 

Mr. Cl ark's Address 
I labor under something of a conflict of 
emotions, if I may be allowed a personal note, 



was its first pastor. It is with genuine pride, 
then, that I can claim this as my church, even 
as it was the church of my ancestors before me. 
We are here indeed upon what we may term 
a festal occasion. But there is always a 
deeply serious vein in dedication exercises of 
the kind in which we are engaged. As we 
look back over the changes of time and as we 
move about in pursuance of our various call- 
ings we are very forcibly reminded of the 
apparent decadence of country life. Many 



I J 



i 



Everett Clark 



as I stand here at this time to fulfil the part 
of the program allotted to me. We have been 
told that a member of the Clark family, a 
great-great-grandfather, was one of the very 
first settlers of this town, and by his labor the 
land upon which this building stands was 
cleared up. Later this land came into the 
possession of his sons and finally became 
property of the church. And I hardly need 
call to mind that most excellent man to whom 
today we silently and prayerfully pay tribute, 
the man who organized this society and who 



of you, it is not my good fortune, can remem- 
ber when tlus community was filled with 
young life, such life as is here represented 
today in part, before the seemingly heartless 
commercialism had become the powerful 
influence of the generation, when in the 
words of the poet, man was content "to live 
in a house by the side of the road and be a 
friend to man," and when men and women 
were happ3 r in living out their allotted span 
upon the home farms. To keep up the home 
place, to care for the old folks, to devote one- 



An Interesting Event 



53 



self to the service of God, surely that was a 
laudable ambition, and many a soul is at 
rest within these immediate confines of whom 
we can truly say that the ambitions were 
realized to the full. 

But with the rise of this commercialism and 
in the mad rush for wealth, so typically 
American, scores left the country districts for 
the large business opportunities of the centers 
of population. And the story of rural com- 
munities in general has been the story of 
South Barnstead. 

We are led to wonder at times if all of this 
has been for the best. We are told that in 
our zeal we have sought out material rather 
than spiritual welfare and that the world is 
steadily growing worse. But is this truth- 
fully said? He who calmlv views life as it is. 



To return, as I have said, the rural districts 
have suffered severely, the farms have been 
abandoned and only the few faithful have 
remained. Of late, however, there has been 
a strong counter movement toward the coun- 
try, a movement which must carry with it 
good cheer to those who are still keeping up 
the old places. Men who were reared by 
country firesides never forget the lessons of 
youth, the homes of father and mother, whose 
stimulus it was that made them successful 
and whose memory kept them from many a 
pitfall of the larger life. And these men feel 
sooner or later an increasing desire to return to 
the old scenes, some to remain and others for 
at least a part of the time. And we can justly 
commend those who, of a different national- 
ity, perhaps, than the original settlers have 



.-'# 



M\ 



t: 



2 



a*- 



lb* ' v - 



>^£|; 



Summer Home of Mr. Everett Clark at South Barnstead 



today, he who studios the growth of a sense 
of national as well as local honor and honesty, 
the attempts to clean up politics, endeavors 
which already are bringing results, the con- 
tinued exposure and punishment of graft, 
which in former days thrived apparently 
without restraint, the increasing demand and 
necessity for honest men in the public service, 
the absolute requirements of sincerity and 
honesty for continued success in private 
business and affairs, the world peace move- 
ment, removing the horrors of war by the sane 
as well as God-fearing methods of arbitration, 
and finally, most important of all, the rapid 
growth and spread of Christianity — Chris- 
tianity in all its divine beauty and strength. 
I maintain that he who calmly considers these 
things can no longer doubt the advance of 
true goodness in the present age. 



come to this blessed land, have chosen the 
country for settlement and are reclaiming the 
abandoned farms. They come of sturdy 
stock and with their ability to readily absorb 
the American spirit are performing and will 
assuredly continue to perform their full duty 
in the growth of our already great nation. 

And again what I have said of country life 
in general applies in every particular to 
Barnstead. The few faithful realize it and 
what better proof can be offered of the revival 
of the old rural spirit than the splendid 
achievements of this community. When 
these few set out to improve this sacred edi- 
fice they found the response from both resi- 
dents and non-residents immediate and 
hearty. They found the love of home still 
burning strongly in the hearts of those long 



54 



The Granite Monthly 



since departed from the immediate vicinity. 
And we need but note the result to assure 
ourselves of the character of the response. 

It is not my part to commend individuals 
for their earnest efforts in this behalf. You 
have all labored diligently and faithfully and 
what higher tribute can this generation and 
posterity pay you than to say you have made 
the world better for having lived? 

Furthermore, it can hardly fall to me to 
dwell upon the great influence that this church 
has exerted and will exert upon the commun- 
ity. With these dedication ceremonies this 
society will spring into a new hie and go on to 
better things. It is, then, the duty of every 
one here present to see that the lessons taught 
shall not fall on barren ground, but rather 
shall be caught up and made to serve their full 



purpose under the blessings of a Divine Provi- 
dence. 

I come now to the most happy part of my 
task. The honor has been bestowed upon 
me in behalf of Mr. Everett Clark of Boston, 
and more happily I may say of South Barn- 
stead, to present to you, to this community, 
to this church the splendid clock which 
adorns this sacred edifice. May it ever 
remind you as it registers the hours and 
minutes, periodically sending out its messages 
to each of us by the deep-toned bell, not of 
the rapid flight of time, but rather that each 
hour in which we now live is an hour of 
prosperity and Christian progress and may 
we here resolve and as we continue to hear 
these messages may we renew our resolutions 
to ever devote our lives to a better and higher 
service both of God and of man. 



THE KNIGHT'S DEVOIR 

A Monkish Legend 
By Fred Myron Colby 

In days when knights rode up and down 

And stately castles graced the land, 
They tell this tale of old renown 

Whose moral all will understand. 
'Tis not the deeds of high emprize 

That most deserve the laurel crown; 
Sometimes the road to greatness lies 

Through humble byways of the town. 

• 
The knights were journeying, two and two, 

Adown the wolds to Camelot town; 
Sir Urgan cased in armor blue, 

His helm ablaze with jeweled crown: 
When, as they came to river wide, 

The knights all halted in their track, 
For there beside the rushing tide 

An old crone waited with her pack. 

"Help me across this swollen stream, 

O gallant knights!" the beldam cried; 
"See ye how cold the waters gleam? 

St. George will give you grace betide." 
But they spurred on, with taunt and jeer, 

And left her wailing by the tide; 
Sir Urgan though, with merry cheer, 
Bent low and drew her to his side. 



The Knight's Devoir 55 

His good steed bore them safe to land; 

The flouting knights laughed long and loud — 
When lo! before them on the strand 

The beldam stood a goddess proud. 
Laugh, ye vain fools; and thou, good knight, 

Bear this with thee to Camelot town; 
Who wears it conquers in the fight, 

And wins, beside, the world's renown." 

She drew from out her opened pack 

A silken mantle, rich and rare, 
And flung it o'er the good knight's back, 

Then vanished into empty air. 
Amazed, Sir Urgan kept his way, 

Till, through the woods not far from thence, 
The listed fields and banners gay 

Uprose 'neath Camelot's battlements. 

And all that day the gallant knight 

Found none to stay him in the course; 
The bravest in that tourney's fight 

Went down before Sir Urgan's force. 
None, none could stay the knight's strong hand, 

Before him fell stout lance and shield; 
When daylight faded o'er the land 

He rode, the victor in the field. 

They gave to him the tourney's prize, 

His name shines clear in scroll of fame; 
But when did he the knightlier rise, 

Or glowed his soul with holier flame? 
Was't when he dashed his foemen down 

And took the prize from Beauty's hand? 
Or when he stooped his kingly crown 

To help the aged dame to land? 



RIGHT LIVING 

By Moses Gage Shirley. 

Hold to the thing that's high and pure, 
Hold to the thing that will endure, 
And when your days on earth shall end 
God will for you his angels send. 



THE OLD BELL 



5t 



By Charles Hardon 



It was a magnificent old bell that 
used to hangs fifty and a hundred 
years ago, in the tall belfry of the 
Unitarian Congregational Church on 
the common in the center of the 
principal village in the town of 
Mansfield, Mass., where I was born. 
It had a lovely bell tone and could 
be easily heard in the remotest parts 
of the town. Whenever any person 
in the town died the bell struck the 
age. I don't remember how it was 
in the case of a child less than a year 
old. News did not spread as fast then 
as now and it would often be -a day 
or two before we would find out who 
was dead. Then it was always 
tolled when a funeral procession 
came into view and ceased only 
when the coffin was lowered into the 
grave. But what a sweet accompani- 
ment to the burial was the tolling of 
the bell! Its tolling told everybody 
what was doing in the old church- 
yard, a few rods away from the 
church, and its last stroke was a 
signal that that body was no longer 
to be seen on earth. In listening to 
the sound of the bell everybody in 
town seemed to be united in the 
solemn service of the burial of the 
dead. 

The bell was rung every Sunday 
morning at nine o'clock and, with the 
answering bells from Norton, Fox- 
boro and Attleboro, made a charm- 
ing ushering in of the day. It was 
also rung every week-day at twelve 
o'clock. There were not so many 
clocks and watches in those days as 
now. Workers in the fields went 
largely by the bell to know when it 
was dinner time. It often seemed to 
be dinner time at half-past eleven, I 
know, but the old bell never deceived 
us. A negro who worked at the old 
Robinson Tavern, close by, used to 
toll the bell at burials and I remem- 
ber how one dav he rushed to the 



church when he had forgotten it till 
the procession came into the village. 

We schoolboys were allowed some- 
times, way back in the forties, to go 
up into the belfry. How awful high it 
was! And how like a cannon the bell 
sounded up there and what a great 
big rope it was that ran through, way 
down into the lower part of the church 
with which to ring it! 

Every noon when the negro rang 
the bell he would "set it," That 
was wonderful. To see that huge 
bell stand on its head for a long 
time and then with a magnificent 
curve to swing down, " Whang — 
whang — whan — wha — wh — 
w — " and stop. That was great. I 
did not know what "magnificent" 
meant then, nor what "stable equi- 
librium" was. 

I have no knowledge as to when 
the bell ceased to be rung at twelve 
o'clock or to be tolled at deaths and 
burials. I think, however, it must 
have been before the war. The old 
church was church upstairs and 
town-house, paint-shop and school- 
house below. It was there that I 
first went to "high school," in 1845, 
under Josiah L. x\rms. This school 
later became the Mansfield Academy, 
under James H. Bailey, and ceased to 
exist as such about 1850. 

The old bell has been transferred 
to the new Universalist church, as 
the old church was demolished many 
years ago and what was Unitarian 
has now become Universalist, the 
local Orthodox Congregational and 
Baptist churches having also come 
off from the original Unitarian. After 
all, the bell was more the town's 
bell than that of any church as such, 
and I shall never cease to regret that 
it was not placed in the new town- 
house and thus allowed to retain 
something of its original dignity. 



T 'he Reign of Law 57 

When I moved from Mansfield in field and a Methodist at East Mans- 

1S6S the old bell and church were field. The Baptist church, I am 

still undisturbed in their original lo- informed, has lately secured a bell of 

cation; now the church is gone and its own. The memory of the one 

the bell is no longer the town bell, dear old bell, however, gives me a 

and there have been added to the pleasure all its own and I feel as if 

village a Methodist, Swedenborgian, it had a kindly sympathy with me 

I niversalist and Catholic church, when it seemed to toll particularly 

These are in addition to the Congre- for me on the occasion of the funeral 

gational and Baptist churches in the of my mother in June, 1843, seventy 

village, the Christian in West Mans- years ago. 



THE REIGN OF LAW 
By P. L. F. 

Oh! that was a brave old period 
When Charles the first was king; 

Long may its brave old legends 
Down through the ages ring! 

In the year of sixteen forty, October twenty two, 

The fathers of old Dover summoned every freeman true, 

Who dwelt within the confines of the "Pascataq" plantation, 

To meet that day in Dover and form a combination. 

For the King had set no order; no laws to them had given 

And to mend the Crown's omission the colonists were driven. 

Misfortunes had befallen these stern dwellers by the sea 

Which caused them to assemble as a pure democracy. 

No stroke of sturdy woodsman rings out across Great Bay; 

No fisherman will cast his net upon the stream today. 

From Blood}' Point and Greenland they cross the swelling tide 

And o'er the gentle Bellamy and from Newichwannock side. 

Straight to the old time meeting house the colonists repair 

And bow their heads in reverence while the pastor leads in prayer; 

He pleads that wisdom may abound in every word that's spoken 

And that this combination may, by quarrels, ne'er be broken. 

To their sovereign lord — King Charles— who reigns across the sea 

Although by him neglected — they pledge their fealty. 

"We whose names are underwritten/' so doth the record read, 

"Inhabitants upon the Piscataqua have voluntarily agreed: 

That into a body politique we shall ourselves combine 

And thus enjoy the civil laws of his majesty's design, 

Together with such orders as shall concluded be 

By a major part of the freemen of our society." 

Then each Piscataqua pioneer — obscure, unknown to fame — 

In witness of his promise thereunto signed his name. 

Francis Champernowne of Greenland, royal blazonry he bore, 

And Walderne, the stalwart of Cochecho's fated shore. 



18 The Granite Monthly 

Larkham, Knollys, Huggins and good old Deacon Hall, 
Rawlins, Haines and Lay ton: stout freemen one and all. 
Roberts, Colcord, Wast ill, Newgrove and Nanney, 
Phillips, Webb and Camond. Nute, Cross and Canney, 
Follett, Jones and Emery, Beck and Hunt and Heard 
And Underbill, the warrior — brave captain of the guard — 
The Lahams, Smith and Furbur, Dunstar and Swaddon, 
Garland, Dam and Storer, Teddar and Bowden. 
With Pinkham, Starr and Pomfret and William Walderne, too, 
There were forty-one bold signers, stout-hearted, tried and true, 
Who dwelt within the confines of the ''Pascataq" plantation. 
And met that day in Dover to sign the combination. 
E'er since that distant day, when our forefathers saw 
The Piscataqua region adopt the reign of law, 

Throughout the changing years — time's sourceless and unending stream- 
Along the Piscataqua the law has reigned supreme. 

Oh! those were brave old pioneers 

With loyal hearts and bold; 
Still many a brave old story 

Of their ancient dav is told. 



THE LONELINESS OF ME 

By Elizabeth Thomson Ordway 

Thoughts too sad to keep, too sad to give away, 
Have held me fast through all this dreary day, 
While wind and rain, and rain and wind grown wild 
Have beaten round my lonely home the while. 

And listening to the drip, drip, drip of rain 
Upon the roof, against the window pane, 
The moan of swaying bough and bending tree, 
All seemed to voice the loneliness of me. 

So once again my hearLmust lose its ties 
My home hold only shadows of dear lives, 
While I, alone, must have for many a day 
Thoughts, too sad to keep, too sad to give away. 



S ( '( 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. JOSEPH B. WALKER 

Joseph Burbeen Walker, one of Concord's 
oldest, most honored and most valued citizens, 
diet! at his home on North Main Street on 
Wednesday afternoon, January S, after a 
short illness, though he had been in gradually 
failing health, from the natural infirmities of 
age, for some time past. 

Mr. Walker was born in the house where 
he lived and died, June 12, 1822, the son of 
Capt. Joseph Walker, who was, himself, a 
grandson of Rev. Timothy Walker, the noted 
'•first minister of Concord," who settled on 
the farm in 1890, transmitting the same to his 
son, Judge Timothy Walker, who, passed it 
on to his son, Capt. Joseph, aboved named. 
He was flitted for college at Phillips-Exeter 
Academy of which he was the oldest alumnus 
at the time of his death and graduated from 
Vale College in 1S44. He studied law in the 
office of Hon. Charles H. Peaslee, in Concord 
and at the Harvard Law School and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1847. 

He entered upon the practice fii the pro- 
fession in his native city, but continued the 
same only few years, not finding it congenial, 
and having plenty of work in connection with 
the management of the large farm which had 
come into his hands, and banking and other 
interests with which he came to be connected. 

While he was ever a great student, spend- 
'ins: much of his time in the large and well 
selected library, which he had also inherited 
and to which he constantly made valuable 
additions, he devoted much attention to 
agriculture, along experimental lines, making 
his farm one of the most productive in the 
country. For many years he had made the 
hay crop his specialty, though fine fields of 
corn continued to be produced. 

He was for many years president of the 
State Board of Agriculture, succeeding the 
late Hon. Moses Humphrey, and continuing 
until advancing years admonished him to 
relinquish tho duty, in which he had taken 
aiueh pleasure and rendered the farmers of 
the state valuable aid. From the very organi- 
zation of the Board, indeed, back in 1870, 
be had taken great interest in its work, and 
was a very frequent and most interesting 
speaker at the farmers' institutes held under 
its auspices, as well before as after his member- 
ship in the board, his principal subjects being, 
l>rainage, Forestry and Hay Production, to 
all of which he had given much attention. He 
«ad also served several years as a member of 
the Forestry Commission. His longest offi- 
J'iaJ service, was as a member of the Board of 
Jrustees of the New Hampshire Asylum for 
the Insane, or State Hospital as it is now 
Known, to which he was appointed in 1847 



hoidi 



ng made secretary the following year and 



>g the position until August 30, 1897, 



when after a full half century of service he 
retired from the board. 

He was a director of the Merrimack County 
Saving Bank from 1S4.5 till I860, and presi- 
dent of the New Hampshire Savings Bank 
from lSGo till 1874, since which time he had 
remained as a member of the board of trus- 
tees. Upon the organization of the Mechan- 
icks National Bank in 1880 he was made 
a member of the board of directors, con- 
tinuing for some thirty- years in the position . 

His interest in education was always deep 
and strong and for many years he had an 
active part in the direction of school affairs 
in Concord being a member of the first board 
of education in Union district; he served on 
the board for thirteen years, and was largely 
instrumental in the work of organizing the 
splendid educational system which is now 
enjoyed in the Capital City. 

He was one of the most active and interested 
member of the New Hampshire Historical 
Society of which he became a member in 
1845, serving as librarian for the next five 
years, as recording secretary from 184S to 
1853, as a vice-president from I860 to 1SG6, 
and as president from 1S66 to 1869. Upon 
the dedication of what is now the old build- 
ing, which was the home of the society from 
1873 to the present year when its abode was 
transferred to the elegant new building do- 
nated by Mr. Edward Tuck, he delivered the 
address of the day. 

Although never a politician in the ordi- 
nary sen-e, Mr. Walker always took a strong 
interest in public affairs, as a Democrat to 
the time of the Civil War and later and 
afterwards as a Republican, but never as a 
bitter partisan. He was active in the move- 
ment for establishing a permanent water 
supply for the city and was a member of the 
first board of water commissioners, as he was 
also an original member and president of the 
park commission, fie was a member of the 
state legislature from Ward Four in 1SG6 and 
1867, serving in the former year as chairman 
of the special committee to which was re- 
ferred the question of the establishment of a 
agricultural college and by his efforts secured 
the favorable reporting and the enactment of 
the measure providing for such institution. 
Most, fittingly, when the present main building 
of the college at Durham was dedicated to 
him was accorded the honor of giving the 
dedicatory address. 

He was a member of the State Senate, from 
the Concord District in the legislature of 
1893, and had frequently been urged to be- 
come a candidate for governor, but would 
never consent even to consider the proposi- 
tion. 

He had been long and largely interested 
in the affairs of the old Concord, Northern & 



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HON. JOSEPH B. WALKER 



Ncic Hampshire Necrology 



61 



Portsmouth Railroads, serving as director 
and clerk and in other capacities. 

His historical researches led to the prepara- 
tion and publication of much matter of his- 
torical interest, from his pen, along various 
lines, particularly in connection with church 
history, in which he naturally took much 
interest. He was a consistent member and 
constant attendant of the Old North, or First 
Congregational Church of Concord, to which 
his great-grandfather was the first minister 
and to whose support he was a liberal con- 
tributor. He was an active member and had 
been president of the Xew England Historic 
Geneological Society, of Boston. 
' Mr. Walker was united in marriage May 1, 
1850, with Elizabeth Lord Upharn, Daughter 
of the' late Hon. Nathaniel G. Upham of 
Concord, by whom he is survived, with five 
children: Charles Alfred Walker, M. D.. of 
Concord, Susan Burbeen, now Mrs. Charles 
M. Gilbert, of Savannah, Ga.; Nathaniel Up- 
ham, a lawyer in Boston, Eliza Lord, residing 
at home, and Joseph Tmiothy, also of Con- 
cord. 

MRS. ORLANDO B. DOUGLAS^ 

May L. Douglas, wife of Dr. Orlando B. 
Douglas of Concord, died at the family home, 
on Auburn Street, in the early morning of 
January 18, 1913. 

She was the daughter of the late Rev. 
Albert C. and Mary (Brown) Manson, her 
father being long a prominent preacher of the 
Xew Hampshire Methodist Episcopal Con- 
ference. He moved into the state from Maine 
a few days after her birth, March 30, 1836. 
being first stationed in Portsmouth, and sub- 
sequently in other important points in the 
state. He was pastor of the Methodist 
Church in Newport at the time the present 
church edifice there was erected, sixty two 
years ago, and it was in that town that Mrs. 
Douglas, then a young girl, commenced 
giving lessons in music, to which she was al- 
ways devotedly attached. She was also en- 
gaged as a' public school teacher when very 
young, and later, after a course at the Con- 
ference Seminary in Tilton, she was there 
employed as a teacher. 

In July, 1858, she married Dr. Sylvester 
Campbell, and resided in Tilton till Novem- 
ber 1862, when her husband was appointed 
surgeon in the Sixteenth New Hampshire 
Regiment, and went to Louisiana, at Carroll- 
ton, where he died, February 6, following. 
Soon after she offered her services to the 
government as a nurse, and, although first 
refused because of her youth, was soon re- 
ceived into the service under Dorothy L. 
Dix, and was assigned to the Chesapeake 
hospital, where she served actively till the 
close of the war, attending many distinguished 
officers of both armies. She was in Washing- 
ton at the time of the grand review, signaliz- 
ing the end of the war between the sections, 
and witnessed that remarkable pageant. 

Soon after the war ended she engaged as a 



teacher of the colored people in Florida, 
where she had charge of 800 different pupils 
of all ages in the course of a school year of ten 
months, and winning their confidence and 
affection in a marked degree. Her health 
failing, she was unable to return the following 
year; but, later, took a position as teacher of 
music in Pennington Seminary, New Jersey, 
where Senator Taylor of Kentucky was then 
one of her pupils. Later she became precep- 
tress of the same institution. Here she met 



Mrs. Orlando B. Douglas 

Prof. J. M. Tiddy, a Methodist clergyman, 
whom she afterward married, but who died 
not long after at Springfield, Mass. 

After her second husband's death she was en- 
gaged for a time as an assistant in the Spring- 
field public library, but on September 16, 1S75, 
she was united in marriage with Dr. Orlando 
B. Douglas, a veteran of the Civil War, then 
practicing in the city of New York, where 
they resided for twenty-five years, she, her- 
self, in the mean time, taking up the study of 
medicine and receiving the M. D. degree. 
With her husband she had traveled extensively 
not only in this country but in Europe, where 
they visited most of the great capitals and 
important cities, coming in contact with 
many of the reigning sovereigns as well as 
the great scholars, artists and scientists. 

In 1901 Dr. and Mrs. Douglas established 
their home in Concord, where both have been 
specially prominent in Grand Army and 
Y. M. C. A. work, as well as in social life and 
in literary and musical circles. 

Mrs. Douglas was actively identified with 
the Science class in the Concord Woman's 



62 



The Granite Monthly 



Club, with the Woman's Relief Corps, serv- 
ing two years as chaplain of the New Hamp- 
shire Department and holding the position 
of national chaplain at the time of her death, 
and with the Woman's Atisilliary of the 
Y. M. C. A., serving seven years as president 
of both the local and state organizations. 

With her rich store of experience, the fruit 
of long study and wide observation, ready 
command of language and desire to benefit 
others, Mrs. Douglas was an effective and in- 
teresting public speaker, and had lectured ex- 
tensively in various parts of New England, 
especially before organizations of women and 
young people. She was an earnest Christian — 
a member of the Methodist chinvh, though 
attending the First Baptist church in Con- 
cord, of which her hu;>band was a member, 
and in whose Sunday School she taught a 
woman's class of forty members. Few New 
Hampshire women have filled a larger place 
in the field of worthy activity, or will be 
more widely missed therefrom. 

LEONARD B. BROWN 

Leonard Boardman Brown, long familiarly 
known in New Hampshire as ;> Patriot" 
Brown, from his connection with the New 
Hampshire Patriot, upon which he was en- 
gaged under the late Col. E. C. Bailey who 
brought him into the state, and later, for a 
time on the People and Patriot, under Col. 
Charles C. Pearson, died at his home in Farm- 
ington, Me., February 16. 

He was born in the town of Starks, Me., 
February 25, 1844, the son of John Green- 
leaf and Mary (Remick) Brown, and was edu- 
cated at Farmington Academy and Nor- 
wich (Vt.) University. He taught school at 
an early age, and when only 20 years old 
leased the Franklin Patriot, at Farmington 
Me., of the late Hon. Eben F. Pillsburv and 



ran the paper for a year, when he went to 
Illinois, but soon returned, and completing 
his legal studies, was admitted to the bar in 
Maine and went into practice in his native 
town, where he was active in politics as a 
Democrat and held several town offices. 
Subsequent ly he removed to Augusta.- and 
was engaged" by Mr. Pilh-bury upon the New 
Age newspaper in that city. 

In 1S75 he came to Concord and com- 
menced his work on the Patriot which con- 
tinued several years and was followed by 
service on the People and Patriot, after an 
interval, in which he worked on the Boston 
Globe. 

Later he served as Secretary of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee and was a special 
writer and correspondent for different papers. 

For the last fifteen years he had been lo- 
cated in Farmington Me., most of the time 
in the practice of law. 

October 30, 1SG3, he married Annette A. 
Higgins of Starks. Me., who survives him 
with one son Harry B. of the Franklin Journal, 
of Farmington, who is a graduate of the Con- 
cord High School, and one time commanded 
the High School Cadets. 

WILLIAM E. BROOKS 

William Erskine Brooks, born in Acworth 
April 25, 1S2S, died in Keene. January 23, 
1913. 

He was a son of Dr. Lyman and Mary 
(Graham) Brooks, and after his school life 
was in the government service in the West for 
a time, and later with the Adams Express 
Co. He served as Register of Deeds for Sul- 
livan County for several years after the war. 
In 1892 he removed to Keene where he was 
engaged with the Impervious Package Com- 
pany until 1896, when he retired from busi- 
ness. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



As this number of the Graxite Monthly 
goes to press, at the close of the month of 
February, the Legislature is still struggling 
with the matter of the Senatorial election, 
balloting daily in joint convention without 
making choice, Henry F. Hollis. the Demo- 
cratic candidate, lacking a few votes of elec- 
tion each time, the Progressives holding the 
balance of power and defeating a choice. 
Very little has been accomplished in the line 
of legislation, but the joint resolution rati- 
fying the amendment to the Federal Consti- 
tution providing for the popular election of 
Senators has passed both branches, thus mak- 
ing New Hampshire eighteenth in the list of 



states that have ratified it. That it will be 
ratified by three fourths of the entire number 
and be in effect at the next election is entirely 
probable. 



It was stated in the January number that 
the next issue would be a double number for 
February and March, mainly devoted to the 
Legislature of 1913; but, as the session 
promises to continue into April, it has been 
deemed advisable to issue a separate number 
for February, though late, and make the 
double legislative number cover March and 
April. 



•f C: ' T' f /f " J "^' ^jf*V* 'ilTP flfT 1« r V'? 1 



I VOL. XLV, No*. 3 and 4 MARCH -APRIL, 1913 New Serio*. Vol. VIII, No>. 3 and 4 



■ MB 



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I ' L : f^ 

"* !i ^w«&^ J! ; -% A a A. \ i! A:it JLw<^ 

.O' ivriP / 

A New Hampshire Magazine 

i)e voted to History, Biography, Literature and Sta? 'ogress | 

~i 
f j 

^ . i I ft 

£3 CONTENTS FOR MARCH-APRIL f feg. \ 

,cf$ The N. K. State Government of 191 3~ 14. With frontispiece.', j 3 (Sp^ 

■J» mustteted - ' t w f?T 

/*',% New Haaipsliire State Treasurers . .. . . 115 jS^# 

'% By H. ri. Metcaif. Illustrated. /Sl fe s 

1^ A Firefly Brings It to Light . . - . . . .121 J^$* 

t. :'-. Translated from the German bv Ellen McRoberis Mason. V^V 

y£S' The Growth of International Unity ..... 123 Vj~y 
*>^t By William W.Thayer. ^M" ' 

*0;-4 New Hampshire Necrology . . . . . . . 129 $£§^H 

>2[ Editor and Publisher's Notes .... . . 133 JgfL 

Poects 



/? V't Bv Cyrus A. Stone, Delia Honey, Lucy H. Heath, Laura Garland Carr, Francis M. Piay. vf^T 



ssued by The Granite . Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 

&&3IS: $1.00 per annum, in advance; |!.50 if not paid In advance. Single copies, 15 cents i 

.CONCORD, N. H., 191-3 

l.i;j*-;f;ii at tfafi nn«t nffino m i',,»,cr.rH ^ an<nni).ohae .mil m^tt^f. 






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HIS EXCELLENCY, SAMUEL D. FELKER 
Governor of New Hampshire 



C3 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLV, No. 3-4 MARCH-APRIL, 1913 New Series, Vol. 8, No. 3-4 



THE N. H. STATE GOVERNMENT OF 1913-14 



THE EXECUTIVE. 

At the last election, in November 
1912, three parties had candidates 
for governor in the field, aside from 
the Socialists and Prohibitionists, 
neither of whom were numerous 
enough to cut any considerable figure. 
Samuel D. Felker of Rochester was 
the Democratic nominee, Franklin 
Worcester of Hollis the Republican, 
and Winston Churchill of Cornish 
the Progressive, the latter having 
been put in the field, upon nomination 
papers, the party having no standing 
or existence in the state until after 
the primary election on the first 
Tuesday in September. 

At the election, November 5. Mr. 
Felker received a plurality of nearly 
two thousand votes over Mr. Worces- 
ter, the next highest ' candidate, the 
vote standing— Felker, 34,203; Wor- 
cester, 32,504; Churchill. 14,401, 
with 2,170 for the Socialist and Pro- 
hibition candidates, combined. At 
the same time, and upon the same 
ballots with which the people voted 
for governor, they adopted an amend- 
ment to the State Constitution, pro- 
viding that a plurality vote should 
elect in all cases. It was maintained 
by many good lawyers, sustained by 
precedent, that the amendment should 
govern in the election at which it was 
adopted, and that Air. Felker was 
legally elected governor by the people. 
Other lawyers took the opposite view, 
and, on the whole, it being regarded 
as certain that Mr. Felker would be 
ehosen by the Legislature if the 
matter went before it, it was not 



deemed expedient to claim his election 
at the polls. The choice went, there- 
fore, to the Legislature, in joint 
convention of the two houses, with 
the result that Air. Felker received 
222 votes to 191 for Air. Worcester, 
was declared elected, took the oath 
and entered upon the duties of the 
office. 

GOVERNOR FELKER. 

Samuel D. Felker, governor of 
New Hampshire, is a native of the 
town (now city) of Rochester, a son 
of William H. and Deborah A. (Demer- 
itt) Felker, born April 16. 1S59. He 
fitted for college at the famous New 
Hampton Institution, and graduated 
from Dartmouth, ''magna cum laude" 
in 18S2. Deciding to enter upon the 
profession of law, he entered the 
office of the late Hon. Joshua G. 
Hail of Dover as a student, finally 
graduating from the Boston L T niver- 
sity Law School in 1887, in which 
year he was admitted to the bar in 
both Massachusetts and New Hamp- 
shire, and immediately located in 
practice in his native city, where he 
has continued, with success, at- the 
same time being also extensively 
engaged in farming and lumbering, 
and taking a lively interest in public 
affairs, as an enterprising citizen and 
a Democrat 

In 1889 he serveda as delegate from 
Rochester in the Constitutional Con- 
vention, and the following year was 
the Democratic candidate for senator 
in the Somersworth District, so-called, 
being elected after a spirited campaign, 



64 



The Granite Monthly 



and taki7ig a prominent part in the 
legislation of the following session, 
in which he served as a member of 
the Senate Judiciary Committee as 
well as that on the joint committee on 
Revision of the Laws, the only Demo- 
crat ever elected from that district. 
He took advanced ground on many 
important questions, and has lived 
to see his position vindicated by the 
evolution of time and events. He was 
his party's first candidate for mayor 
of Rochester, after its incorporation 
as a city, in 1891, and in 1896 and 
1897 was elected to that office. He 
has been city solicitor of Rochester 
for the last fifteen years. He has also 
served several years in the past, as a 
member of the school board. 

Mr. Felker was elected a member 
of the House of Representatives from 
his ward in November, 1908, and 
took a prominent part in the work of 
the following session being selected 
by the Democratic minority, as their 
candidate for Speaker, and accorded 
the recognition as floor leader which 
that nomination ordinarily carries. 
He was active and conspicuous in 
the work of carrying through the 
progressive legislation of the session, 
and gained distinction throughout 
the state for his services in that 
direction, to such degree, indeed, 
that he was urged by many to become 
a candidate for the Democratic guber- 
natorial nomination in 1910, but 
declined to do so. He was reelected 
to the Legislature that year, however, 
and again held his old position and 
fully maintained his reputation in 
that body. At the primary election 
in September last, he was the only 
candidate for the Democratic nomi- 
nation for governor, having yielded 
to the universal demand of his party, 
and submitted his name to the people. 
He was nominated, as a matter of 
course, made an earnest and vigorous 
campaign, and his election followed 
in manner and form as heretofore 
described. He presided at the mass 
meeting in Concord on the occasion 
of the visit of Woodrow Wilson in 



1911 and at the Democratic State 
Convention last May. 

Governor Felker has been, and is, 
face to face with a decidedly trying 
situation. He is without the backing 
of a party majority in the House of 
Representatives where the balance 
of power is held by a little knot of 
" Progressives," few in numbers, but 
commanding in influence from the 
simple fact of their position. He 
seems sincerely desirous of practicing 
the economy and carrying out the 
reforms which the Democratic party 
has long advocated; but up to the 
time of this writing — the middle of 
April — nothing has yet been effected 
in such direction. If nothing is 
eventually done it will not be because 
of any failure or lack of effort on his 
part. 

In religion Governor Felker is a 
Congregationalist. He was united 
in marriage, June 26, 1901, with Miss 
Mary J. Dudley of Buffalo, N. Y. 

THE COUNCIL. 

For the first time within the mem- 
ory of any man living all of the five 
members of the Executive Council 
are Democrats in politics. This re- 
sult came about from the fact that in 
three of the five districts — the First, 
Third and Fifth — no candidate of 
either party received a majority, 
though in the Third the Republican 
was in the lead; and the choice being 
thrown into the Legislature, the 
Progressives therein voted generally 
for the Democratic candidates, as 
they had in the election of governor, 
and all three of them were chosen, to 
act with the two who had been chosen 
by the people in the Second and Fourth 
Districts. 

Councilor Badger 

Hon. Daniel AY. Badger of Ports- 
mouth, councilor for District No. 1, 
is a native of that city, a son of 
David D. and Nancy S. (Campbell) 
Badger, born August 18, 1865. He 
was educated in the Portsmouth and 



The X. H. State Government of 1913-14 



65 



Ncwington schools, and engaged in 
dairy farming in the town of Ne wing- 
ton, in early life, where he married 
Miss Edith M. Whidden, January 20, 
1SS6. 

He succeeded alike in his business 
and in gaining the confidence of his 
fellow citizens, who honored him with 
the various offices in their gift, in- 
cluding that of representative in the 



recognition as the original " Progres- 
sive" in the state, as, up to that time 
Winston Churchill, who was then a 
member of the House, had not dis- 
covered anything out of the way in 
existing conditions. 

Four years ago Mr. Badger removed 
from Newington to Portsmouth, lo- 
cating on a farm in the suburbs of 
the city and continuing his agricul- 



i h 

r \ 



- 






Hon. Daniel W. Badger 



Legislature of 1903. During the ses- 
sion of that year Mr. Badger distin- 
guished himself by holding up and 
opposing a unanimous report of the 
Kailroad Committee — the all power- 
ful committee at that time — and 
openly denouncing. the domination of 
the_railroad and corporation power in 
legislative affairs and in the govern- 
ment generally. This action is claimed 
by his friends to fairly entitle him to 



turai operations in both places. His 
interest in public affairs was no less 
active in the larger field, and, in 1910, 
he accepted the Democratic nomina- 
tion for mayor of the city, and was. 
elected, although at the state election, 
just previous, Governor Bass had a 
majority of 300 in the city. He had 
the political opposition of a large ma- 
jority in the cit\' council, but made his 
influence felt in the line of reform in 



66 



The Granite Monthly 



many directions, vetoing many meas- 
ures, with such substantial basis of 
reason that his vetoes were invaria- 
bly sustained. He was reelected in 
1911, and again last December by an 
overwhelming vote, though the fight 
against him was a desperate one, 
through the hostility of the illegal 
and lawless interests that were solidly 
arranged against him, on account of 



vacancies. He is now working over- 
time in the faithful discharge of his 
duties as mayor and councilor. 

Mr. and Mrs. Badger have had ten 
children born to them, of whom two 
sons and six daughters are now living. 
He is affiliated with the Masons, Elks, 
Knights of Pythias and the Grange, 
and in religion is a Unitarian. 

Mr. Badger is a member of the 



f •■ 

,1 



Hon. Lewis G. Gilman 



his consistent and courageous stand 
for law and order. He is the first 
mayor of Portsmouth to be elected 
for a third term since 1881, 

At the recent state election, al- 
though the First District has always 
been strongly Republican, Mr. Bad- 
ger received a handsome plurality of 
the votes cast for councilor, and was 
of course elected when the Legislature 
assembled in joint convention to' fill 



State House and Finance Committees 
of the Council. 

Councilor Oilman 

Hon. Lewis G. Gilman, who rep- 
resents the Second District in the 
Executive Council, is one of the two 
members of that body who received 
a majority of all the votes cast in their 
respective districts at the November 
election. 



The N. H. State Government of 1913-14 



67 



Mr. Oilman was born in the town 
of Raymond, August 7, 1S67, the son 
of Enoch F. and Carrie M. (Bartlett) 
Tilman, his mother being a daughter 
of the late Horace Bartlett of Con- 
cord. He "was educated in the public 
schools of Raymond and early in life 
engaged as a drug clerk in that town, 
which business he has since followed, 
removing to Manchester in 1895, 
where he was engaged in the Charles 
A. Williams store for four years, then 
purchasing the business for himself, 
which he has since conducted with 
much success. His establishment is 
located on Lake Avenue, corner of 
Hall Street, East Manchester. 

Mr. Oilman was actively interested 
in political affairs from the Demo- 
cratic standpoint in early 3'outh. 
When twenty-one years of age he was 
chairman of the Democratic town 
committee in Raymond. This inter- 
est has never relaxed. Soon after lo- 
cating in Manchester he became 
chairman of the Democratic Com- 
mittee in Ward Six, where he then 
resided, and has never ceased his ef- 
forts for Democratic success, but has 
a 1 ways been averse to being, himself, 
a candidate for office, though attend- 
ing, frequently, the conventions of his 
party. 

In 1908 he accepted the councilor 
nomination in the Second District, 
making an excellent run, and, again 
nominated in the primary last year, 
he attained the phenomenal success of 
a sweeping majority in the district, 
carrying Ward Six, his former home, 
by a vote of 987 to 407, and Ward 
Four, in which he now resides, by a 
majority of 125, overwhelmingly Re- 
publican as it has always been, thus 
demonstrating his popularity among 
those who know him best. 

Mr. Gilman is an attendant at the 
First Congregational Church in Man- 
chester (Dr. Chalmers), and is a mem- 
ber of the Odd Fellows, lodge and 
encampment. He was president of 
the New Hampshire Pharmaceutical 
Association in 1905-6, and a delegate 
to the National Association of Retail 
druggists in Chicago, in 1907. 



November 14, 1S91, he married 
Miss Lucy B. Fisk of Raymond. They 
have two children, Rosamond K., 
born March 3, 1894, now in the grad- 
uating class of the Manchester High 
School and soon to enter the Whee- 
lock School in Boston, preparatory 
to kindergarten work and Lewis B., 
born July 7, 1897, now at the Mitch- 
ell Military School in Billerica, Mass., 
preparatory to Phillips Exeter. 

Councilor Oilman is a member of 
the State House Committee of the 
Council with Councilor Badger. 



Councilor Noone 

Hon. Albert Wellington Noone, of 
Peterborough, councilor from District 
No. 3, is a native of that town, born 
October 4, 1846, the fourth of seven 
children of the late Joseph Noone, a 
prominent woolen manufacturer there, 
which business he has himself fol- 
lowed and still continues. 

He was educated in the public 
schools, at Francestown Academy and 
a Boston commercial college, and en- 
gaged with his brother in the woolen 
business, at Peterborough, succeeding 
his father, under the name of Joseph 
Noone's Sons Co., of which business, 
he, later, became sole proprietor. The 
location is on the old site where manu- 
facturing has been successfully carried 
on for more than eighty years. 

Mr. Noone's mother, wife of Joseph 
Noone, was Margaret Oallup, whose 
ancestry is traced back in direct line 
through various knights, lords and 
kings to Charlemagne the Great, em- 
peror of the West, born A. D., 742. 
She was of the sixth generation from 
Capt. John Gallup, Jr., an early set- 
tler of Stonington, Conn., and her 
great-grand-father, Isaac Gallup, was 
a Boston merchant who pastured his 
cows, years before the Revolution, on 
land now embraced in the business 
section of the city. Her home was in 
Sterling, Conn., and the ancestral 
X>lace is now owned by Mr. Noone, 
who has large real estate holdings 
there, as well as some two thousand 



68 



The Granite Monthly 



acres in southern New Hampshire, 
some of the profits of his successful 
manufacturing business being thus in- 
vested. Land ownership, and interest 
in the Democratic part}', to which he 
has always been attached, are, indeed, 
Mr. Noone's ruling passions. 

Mr. Noone, who prides himself 
upon being a self-made man and hav- 



ing frank generous nature, and in the 
community in which he lives for his pub- 
lic spirit. He has a business office at 102 
South St., Boston and is widely known 
among business men at the ''Hub." 

He has been twice married, first to 
Isabella P. Cutter, daughter of Dr. 
Daniel B. Cutter of Jaffrey, who died 
March 16, 1S71, and second, to Miss 



., 



/ 






Hon. Albert W. Noone 



ing always paid one hundred cents 
upon the dollar, had also a taste for 
the military in early life and was one 
of the charter members of the famous 
Peterborough Cavalry, still a promi- 
nent feature of the state's military 
force. He is a Unitarian in religion 
and a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity. In social life he is esteemed for 



Fannie M. Warren of Dublin, N. H., 
only daughter of Jesse and Sarah 
J. (Taggart) Warren, his present 
companion. 

He has been a working Democrat 
all his life, but has never sought office 
and held none previous to the present. 
He is a member of the Council Com- 
mittee on State Prison. 



The X. II. State- Government of 1913-14 



69 



Councilor Sawyer. 

Although ordinarily overwhelm- 
ingly Republican the Fourth Councilor 
District', last November, gave a 
handsome majority for the Dem- 
ocratic candidate. William H. Sawyer 
of Concord who had also been endorsed 
by* the Progressives, and was sub- 
stantially- aided by the effort to array 



in December 1621, preached at Ply- 
mouth the first sermon in Xew Eng- 
land that was ever printed. He was 



educated at the Littleton Hi 



eh be 



hool : 



studied law with Hon. Harry Bing- 
ham, and the Boston University Law 
School, taking the three years course 
in two years and graduating in June, 
1890, E. H. Mason of Nashua being 
the president of the class. 



_^_ , ■ . 

Hon. William H. Sawyer 



the liquor interests against him, in 
that it incited the temperance people 
to special effort in his behalf. 

Mr. Sawyer was born in Littleton, 
August 18, 1867, son of Eli D. and 
Sarah (Pierce) Sawyer. On his 
mother's side he is a lineal descendent 
of Robert Cushman, who promoted 
the Mayflower expedition, chartered 
the vessel, acted as the financial 
agent of the Pilgrim Company, and 



He was admitted to the bar in 
Concord, July 25, 1890, and engaged 
in practice in the office of Bingham 
& Mitchell, remaining till January, 
1894, when he opened an office by 
himself, continuing alone till 1897, 
when he formed a partnership with 
Joseph S. Matthews, which con- 
tinued about six years. He was again 
alone, and then became the partner 
of John H. Albin with whom he was 



■o 



The Granite Monthly 



associated until the retirement of the 
latter, two or three years since. 

Mr. Sawyer has always been a 
staunch Democrat, and has been his 
party's candidate for various offices 
including that of representative and 
county solicitor. For the last four 
years he has been a member of the 
board of education in Union School 
District of Concord. In religion he 



Sophomore class at Dartmouth; Helen 
Lane, the second, enters Mt. Holyoke 
next fall. Marion Farr, Robert Cush- 
man and Charles Murray are in school 
in Concord. 

Mr. Sawyer is regarded as a sound 
lawyer and has been successful in 
practice. Were he not now a member 
of the appointing power he would 
undoubtedly be strongly supported for 






* *£ 



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1 ,' 



L. 



Hon. George W. McGregor 



■'. 



is a-Congregationalist and has been 
superintendent of the Sunday School 
at the South Church. He served an 
enlistment in the National Guard in 
his younger days, and is a member of 
Capital Grange, P. of H. 

Mr. Saw r yer married, November 18, 
1891, Miss*' Carrie B. Lane of White- 
field. They have five children — three 
sons and two daughters. Howard 
Pierce, the eldest, is a member of the 



a position on the Superior Court 
bench. He is a member of the 
Council Committees on Finance and 
State Prison. 

Councilor McGregor 

Dr. George W. McGregor, councilor 
from District No. 5, has for many 
years stood at the front in the medical 
profession in northern New Hamp- 



The N. H. State Government of 1913-14 



shire, his practice extending far be- 
yond the limits of the thriving town 
of Littleton, where he is located and 
where he is esteemed and respected as 
a loyal, public spirited citizen, as well 
as an active leader in the Democratic 
party, which, although not always in 
power, is always in fighting trim. 

He was born in the town of Bethle- 
hem, June 15, 1853, the son of Wil- 
lard A. and Almira G. (Blandin) 
McGregor. His father was an ac- 
tive Democrat, prominent in town 
affairs, and several times represented 
Bethlehem in the Legislature, being a 
co-worker with John G. Sinclair for 
the success of the party cause. He 
was educated at Tilton Seminary and 
New Hampton Institution, graduat- 
ing at the latter in 1875. He studied 
medicine with Dr. L. B. How of 
Manchester, and at the Dartmouth 
Medical College where he received 
his degree of M.D., in 1878. He was 
first located in practice at Lunenburg, 
Yt., but, after a year and a half there, 
removed to Littleton where he has 
since remained. 

Dr. McGregor has been a member 
of the boards of health and education 
in Littleton, twice moderator, and 
was a representative from that town 
in 1905. He was his party's candidate 
for councilor at the election of 1910 
and made an excellent run. He was 
one of the delegates from the Second 
Congressional District in the National 
Democratic Convention at Baltimore 
last year, and was the New Hamp- 
shire member of the committee to 
notify the nominees. 

He is aCongregationalist, President 
of the Ecclesiastical Society, a Knight 
Templar Mason, and a Knight of 
Pythias. He is a member of the 
Grafton County and N. H. Medical 
Societies and has been president of 
each. He is also president of the 
Littleton Realtv Company. Febru- 
ary 24, 1880, he married Miss E. 
Augusta Eaton of Franconia. 

Dr. McGregor is chairman of the 
Council Committee on the State 
Prison. 



THE LEGISLATURE. 

For the first time since 1875, when' 
the Democrats held control of the 
Senate though the Republicans had 
regained the House, the State Legis- 
lature is not fully controlled by any 
one party. While the Senate is 
decisively Democratic the House can 
be carried by that party only through 
the cooperation of the Progressives or 
by aid of disaffected Republicans. 

THE SENATE. 

The Senate of 1913-14 contains 
fourteen Democrats and ten Repub- 
licans, one of the former having run 
independently against the regular can- 
didate of his party (in the Eighteenth 
District) and been endorsed by the 
Republicans, who were there hope- 
lessly in the minority, while four were 
chosen by the Legislature in joint con- 
vention — those in Districts Number 
One, Seven, Nineteen and Twenty- 
Four — there having been no choice 
by the people at the polls. As the 
Senate was tied, politically at the 
start, a permanent organization was 
not effected until after the vacancies 
had been filled in joint convention, 
wmich was done before the election of 
governor and councilors was proceeded 
with. 

Of the present senators only three 
have ever before served in that 
branch of the Legislature, though the 
greater portion of them have held 
membership in the House. Senator 
Scammon of the Twenty-First Dis- 
trict, who was the temporary presi- 
dent, was a member and President of 
the Senate of 1907, while Senators 
Gerry of Number Five and Prentiss 
of Number Eight were members of 
the last Senate. 

President Saw^yer 

Hon. Enos K. Sawyer, President of 
the Senate, is the first Democrat to 
occupy that position since the memo- 
rable session of 1876, when the dispo- 
sition of the famous Todd-Proctor 



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nx 



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-y 



HON. ENOS K. SAWYER 
President of the Senate 



'The X. H. State Government of 1913-14 



73 



and Head-Priest controversies left 
the Democrats in- control, and John 
\V. Sanborn of Wakefield held the 
office. 

Mr. Sawyer was born in Franklin, 
August 24 , 1879, the son of George 
W. and Louise C. (Barnes) Sawyer. 
He was educated in the Franklin 
High School, Phillips Academy and 
Dartmouth College, after which he 
engaged with his father in the long- 
established meat, grocery and pro- 
vision, business which has now been 
carried on successfully for forty-five 
years, the management of which has 
been in his hands for some years past. 

He has always been a staunch 
Democrat of the progressive order, 
laboring zealously for the party's 
success, and for some time past' has 
been chairman of the Franklin Dem- 
ocratic City Committee. He was 
chosen mayor in 1909 and adminis- 
tered the city's affairs with such 
success that he won universal ap- 
proval, was endorsed by the Repub- 
licans the following year and reelected 
without opposition. He is affiliated 
with the Masons, Odd Fellows, Elks 
and the Independent Order of For- 
esters, and is an active member of 
the Franklin Board of Trade. He is 
liberal in his religious views, and an 
attendant at the Baptist church. He 
was united in marriage February 28, 
1911. with Miss Mabel E. White of 
Somerville, Mass., a graduate of the 
Massachusetts Normal Art School 
and teacher of art in the Franklin 
schools. 

Mr. Sawyer, though the youngest 
president the "Senate has had for 
many years, is a dignified and efficient 
presiding officer, prompt and impar- 
tial in his rulings and universally 
popular with his senatorial associates. 

Hon. John C. Hutchins. 

( For the first time in twenty years, 
since the election of Pearson G. Evans 
of Gorham in 1892, the Coos District 
— No. 1 — is represented in the Senate 
this year by a Democrat, in the per- 



son of John C. Hutchins of Stratford, 
who obtained a plurality vote at the 
polls in November and was elected by 
the Legislature in joint convention at 
the opening of the session. 

John Corbin Hutchins was born in 
Woleott, Vt., February 3, 1864, the 
eighth of nine children of Lewis Smith 
and Marcia M. (Aiken) Hutchins, and 
great-grandson of Parley Hutchins of 
Edinburgh, Scotland, a British sol- 
dier who settled in this country im- 
mediately after the Revolution. He 
was educated in the public schools, 
and at Hardwick (Vt.) Academy, 
taught school winters and worked on 
his father's farm in summer till 18S4, 
when he located in the town of Strat- 
ford in this state, where he has ever 
since resided. He was employed at 
first in W. C. Carpenter's drug and 
jewelry store, which, two years later, 
he purchased, having in the mean- 
time passed his examination and be- 
come a registered pharmacist. This 
business he has continued with suc- 
cess, but has through native energy 
and enterprise, engaged in other lines 
of business, with equal success, till he 
stands, today, in the front rank among 
the business men of the North Coun- 
try. 

He has been active in Democratic 
politics for the last quarter of a cen- 
tury. In 1889 he was chosen chair- 
man of the board of selectmen in 
Stratford and reelected the two fol- 
lowing years, adjusting important 
business matters to the satisfaction of 
the people during his term of office. 
He served as tax collector eight years, 
between 1896 and 1906, and in 1898 
was elected representative in the Leg- 
islature, by the largest majority ever 
given a candidate in that town, serv- 
ing in the session of 1899 upon the 
Committees on .Appropriations and 
National Affairs. In 1900 he was 
elected on the board of education and 
was actively instrumental in the es- 
tablishment of a successful high school 
at North Stratford. In 1908 he was 
elected a delegate to the National 
Democratic Convention at Denver, 



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-.-■ ■■■'■..- ■' ■-. • 



HON. JOHN C. HUTCHINS 



The N. H. State Government of 1913-14 



/o 



At the last November election he was 
his party's candidate for senator, with 
the result above mentioned. 

Upon the organization of the Sen- 
ate, Mr. Hut chins was assigned to 
service upon the important Com- 
mittees on Education, Banks, Man- 
ufactures and Revision of the Laws, 
of the first of which he is chairman. 
He has been faithful in attendance, 
active and alert in the furtherance of 
all measures which he has deemed 
promotive of the public welfare, not 
neglecting the- interests of his party 
whose success he regards essential to 
that object. He was chairman of the 
joint committee of legislators and cit- 
izens having in charge the recent cele- 
bration in Concord of the Democratic 
victories culminating in the election 
of Henry F. Hollis to the United 
States Senate. 

Mr. Hutchins is active and promi- 
nent in the Masonic order and the 
Knights of Pythias, being a Knight 
Templar and 32d degree Mason, a 
charter member of Stratford Lodge, 
No. 30, K. of P., in which he has held 
all the offices, and at Woodsville in 
1900, he was elected Grand Chancellor 
of the state. October 24, 18S9, he 
married Sadie H., daughter of Thomas 
H. and Ellen (Roweil; Mayo. They 
have had three children, of whom two 
sons survive — Ralph Mayo, born Au- 
gust 20, 1890 and Paul Aiken, August 
17. 1900. A daughter, Ruth Ward, 
died in childhood. 

Senator Hutchins is a man of won- 
derfully strong personality. Con- 
siderably above the average man. 
physically, he is endowed with 
corresponding mental ability. He 
easily comprehends the needs of the 
public on all important questions, and 
tempers his action with equity and 
justice. He is well educated, is 
ready, fluent and witty in debate. 
His social qualities and his generous 
and kindly treatment of all classes of 
people make him extremely popular 
•in every community where he is 
known. As a business man he has 
few superiors. He has shown rare 
skill and sound judgment in his in- 



vestments in timber lands and other 
properties in which he has large in- 
terests. 

As a public official he has discharged 
every duty with credit to himself and 
honor to his constituents. 

His record in the Senate of 1913, so 
far, is one that commends itself to 
all, and his friends are urging that his 
public life shall not end here. They 
regard him as the strongest man that 
can be nominated by the Democrats 
for Governor in 1914. He is a phe- 
nomenal vote-getter, a man of the 
people, and for the people, and at his 
hands no citizen, or business interest, 
would suffer. He was a loyal sup- 
porter of Mr. Bryan in all his cam- 
paigns and is a consistent advocate of 
progressive democracy and as the 
standard-bearer of the party in the 
next campaign Democrats from even- 
section of the state believe he would 
lead them to victory. 



S ■"' 



&dl 



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Hon. Edward E. Gates 

Hon. Edward E. Gates 

Another district which has sent no 
Democrat to the Senate for many 
years, till the present session, is the 



76 



The Granite Monthly 



Second . or Grafton District, non- 
represented by Edward E. Gates of 
Lisbon. 

Mr. Gates was born in East St. 
Johnsbury, Vt., August 25, 1866, the 
son of Ezra B. and Belinda (Tabor) 
Gates. His parents removing to Lit- 
tleton, he was educated in the schools 
of that town, and then entered his 
father's gristmill, continuing there 
till 1891 when he removed to Lisbon, 
where he was also employed in the 
milling business, till the great fire in 
that village in 1901, after which, with 
W. W. Oliver, he established a grist- 
mill and grain business near the rail- 
way station, which is still continued, 
with an extensive and growing pat- 
ronage, Mr. Oliver's interest having 
passed into the hands of Fred J. 
Moore. 

Taking an interest in political 
affairs as a Democrat, Mr. Gates 
became the candidate of his party 
for first selectman in 1907, and such 
was his strength with the people that 
he was elected, in that strong Repub- 
lican town, and so successful was his 
management of affairs that he was 
reelected the following year, and 
during the two years of his service 
the town debt was reduced more 
than 87,500. In 1910 he was elected 
to the Legislature — the first Democrat 
to be chosen from Lisbon in twenty 
years. It is not singular, therefore, 
that, when the Democrats q£ the 
Grafton District looked about for a 
"winner" as a candidate, they selected 
Mr. Gates, and his election by more 
than 500 majority showed that no 
mistake had been made, nearly the 
solid vote of his town being cast for 
him. As a senator he has made good. 
He is a member of the Committees 
on Military Affairs, Railroads, Elec- 
tions, Towns and Parishes and chair- 
man of Fisheries and Game. 

Mr. Gates is a 32d degree Mason, 
an Odd Fellow and a supporter of the 
Congregational Church. 

On June 6, 1894, he married Anna 
Elvira Burgin of Littleton. They 
have a daughter and two sons. 



Hex. Samuel H. Edes 

A Democrat in the State Senate 
from the Sullivan Distiict — No. 7 — 
is an unprecedented situation, the 
present incumbent, Samuel H. Edes 
of Newport, being the first man of 
that political faith chosen from that 
district since it was organized in 1879. 

Mr. Edes is a native of Newport, 
born November 9, 1881, being the 
youngest member of the present 
Senate. Tie is the son of George C. 
and Elizabeth (Lyons) Edes, his 



m 



a 



Hon. Samuel H. Edes 

father having" been a . prominent 
merchant of the town. His great- 
grandfather, Amasa Edes, a well- 
known lawyer of his day, settled in 
practice in Newport in 1822, and the 
family has ever been prominent in 
the community. He was educated 
at the Newport High School, Rollins 
College, Florida, the University of 
Georgia and the University of Virginia. 
In 1907 he bought, and has since 
edited and published, the New PI amp- 
shire Argus and Spectator, an old- 
time Democratic paper, established 
in 1823, it being the only Democratic 



The N, II. State Government of 1913- 



77 



paper in the county. He is interested 
in military affairs and the develop- 
ment of militiamen into practical 
soldiers, and holds the position of 
captain of Co. M, First Regiment, 
New Hampshire National Guard. He 
is a member and present junior 
warden of Mt. Vernon Lodge, A. F, 
and A. M.j of Newport, and is also 
president of the Men's Club and a 
member of the town board of health. 
Mr. Edes is a Democrat of progres- 
sive tendencies, has taken a strong 
interest in party affairs, and with 
Senator Prentiss, he holds the position 
of floor leader on the' Democratic 
side in the Senate, in which body he is 
chairman of the Committee on Mili- 
tary Affairs, and a member of the 
Committees on the Judiciary. Educa- 
tion, State Hospital and Soldiers' 
Home, his principal work having been 
done on the Judiciary, and the joint 
special Committee on Railroad Rates 
of which he is also a member. 



of Keene, where he has resided for 
nearly twenty years, in which he is 
associated with Hon. W. P. Cham- 
berlain, whose daughter he married 
as a second wife. He is a 32d decree 



"* 



Hon. Frank Huntress. 

Senator Huntress of the Thirteenth 
or Keene District, rendered such 
efficient service in the House during the 
last three sessions—in 1911 as chair- 
man of the Appropriations Committee 
— that his promotion to the upper 
branch of the Legislature, at the recent 
election, came almost as a matter of 
course, when it became known that he 
was willing to serve in such capacity; 
and his activity, energy and efficiency 
in the Senate this year are proof suffi- 
cient that his party and the people 
made no mistake in their choice. He 
is chairman of the Committee on 
Banks, and holds membership, also, 
in the Finance, State Prison and In- 
dustrial School, Public Health and 
Public Improvements committees. 

He is a native of Lowell, Mass. 
born February 7, 1847, was educated 
in the public schools and Phillips 
Andover Academy, and has since 
been extensively engaged in the dry 
goods business, having established a 
bne of retail stores throughout New 
England, among them one in the city 



Hon. Frank Huntress 

Mason and Red Man, and enjoys a 
wider circle of acquaintances, and a 
larger degree of personal popularity 
than generally falls to the lot of men. 

Hon. Henry A. Emerson 

Henry A. Emerson, Republican, 
senator for District Number Nine is 
a native of Concord, son of Fenner H. 
and Clarinda (Baker) Emerson, born 
May 1, 1837. He attended the public 
school in Concord, and the academies 
at Franklin and Fisherville (now Pen- 
acook) for a time, but went to work 
at an early age, being employed in 
serveral mills, in Fisherville, Franklin 
and Manchester, before he was seven- 
teen, at which age he engaged in a 
paper mill at Pepperell, Mass., and 
entered upon what proved to be his 
life work, as he has ever since been 
engaged in the paper manufacturing 
business, in some capacity. 



% 



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HON. HENRY A. EMERSON 
Senator from District No. 9 



The N, H. State Government of 1913- 



p 9 



In 1871 he became a member of 
the Contoocook Valley Paper Com- 
pany, the late Hon. P. C. Cheney and 
Henry T. Hill being his associates. 
This company located at West Henni- 
ker, where a fine water power on the 
Contoocook River was utilized and a 
factory built, which has continued op- 
eration to the present time. In 1SS0 
Mr. Emerson became the owner of a 
majority of the stock and president 
of the company as well as manager, 
continuing - to the present time. The 
annual product of the mill amounts to 
S75.000 or 8100,000 in value, and is a 
fine grade of book and card paper. 
About thirty hands are employed, 
among whom are still some of the men 
who commenced work when the mill 
was established. Xo labor troubles 
have ever been experienced and ever\ r 
employee has been promptly and reg- 
ularly paid. 

While devoting his time and ener- 
gies in the main to business life, Mr. 
Emerson has served the people of 
his town as representative in three 
sessions of the Legislature — in 1876, 
1877 and 1905. He has been a trustee 
of the Tucker Free Library from the 
start; donated the ground on which 
the new library building stands and 
gave $2,500 toward finishing the work. 
His public spirit was also further man- 
ifested by the contribution of 81,500 
to the town for i oad improvement in 
connection with state highway con- 
struction within its limits. 

In 1910 Mr. Emerson presented 
what is known as ''Emerson Block" 
in Henniker village to Crescent Lodge, 
I. O. O. F., of which he is a member. 
This block, which cost 810,000, con- 
tains three stores on the ground 
floor, various offices on the second, 
and a well-equipped lodge room, and 
necessary accessories on the third. 
In token of their appreciation the 
Odd Fellows observe u Emerson Xight' 
each year. This came this year on 
the evening of March 3, when there 
was a banquet and fine literary and 
musical program, with an address 
by Hon. H. O. Hadley of Peterbor- 
ough, responded to by Mr. Emerson. 

2 



Mr Emerson was united in mar- 
riage, January 1, 1864, with Miss 
Louise M. Lydston of Litchfield, who 
died February 7, 1910, without chil- 
dren. He continues to occupy his 
fine residence in Henniker village, 
about a mile from his mills at West 
Henniker. He is highly regarded by 
his fellow-citizens for his sterling 
integrity, public spirit and social and 
civic virtues. He is a Congregation- 
alist in his religious affiliation, and is 
a member of the Wonolancet Club of 
Concord. 

In the Senate he has been among 
the most active and prominent mem- 
bers, taking an interest in all im- 
portant matters of legislation and 
exercising strong influence both in 
committee and on the Moor. He is 
chairman of the Committee on Agri- 
culture and a member of the Com- 
mittees on Railroads, Finance, State 
Prison and Industrial School, State 
Hospital, Revision of the Laws, School 
for Feeble-Minded and Forestry. 

Hon. John W. Prentiss. 

There being no Democratic lawyer in 
the Senate, the position of chairman of 
the Judiciary Committee was assigned 
to Hon. John W. Prentiss, senator from 
District Xo. 8, whose ability and pre- 
vious legislative service seemed to 
justify the selection, and, it is safe to 
say., that no mistake was made therein. 

Mr. Prentiss is a native of the town 
of Walpole, where he was born Xo- 
vember 20, 1857, son of John W. and 
Emeline (Slack) Prentiss. He received 
his education in the public schools of 
Boston, Mass., and at the Walpole 
Academy. He taught school to some 
extent in his younger days, but has 
made agriculture and lumbering his 
life business, in which he has been 
eminently successful. The raising of 
thoroughbred Holstein cattle and 
Morgan horses is a specialty with him. 
He resided in Walpole up to 1910 and 
was all along prominent in the public 
affairs of the town, as a Democrat, 
serving three years as collector of 
taxes, ten years as a member of the 



80 



The Granite Monthly 



board of selectmen, and five years 
as road agent. He also repre- 
sented the town in the legislatures of 
1907 and 1909, taking a special inter- 
est in all measures pertaining to the 
interests of agriculture. In Novem- 
ber, 1910, in which year he removed 
from Walpole to the neighboring town 
of Alstead, where he had bought a 
large farm, he was elected senator by 
the Democrats of the Eighth Dis- 
trict, and rendered efficient service in 
the upper branch on several important 



now Mrs. Raymond Galloway. He is a 
Unitarian in religion, an Odd Fellow 
and a member of the Grange. 

Rev. Thomas Chalmers, D. D. 

The "parson" in politics is* by no 
means a novelty in New Hampshire. 
In the early clays of the state's his- 
tory, the Rev. Abiel Foster of Can- 
terbury served five terms in Congress, 
and the Rev. Paine Wingate of Strat- 
ham was also a Congressman before 



/* 



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*w 



Hon. John W. Prentiss 



committees. This year, aside from the 
chairmanship of the Judiciary Com- 
mittee, he has served on the Roads, 
Bridges and Canals, Railroads, Agri- 
culture and Forestry committees. 

Mr. Prentiss married KatieM. Fisher 
of Alstead. They have one son, John 
W., Jr., educated at Durham College, 
and now operating a 500 acre farm, 
and breeding fine cattle in Alstead, 
and two married daughters. Flora M., 
now Mrs. W. R. Long, and Ethel M., 



the opening of the last century. Rev. 
John M. Brodhead of Newmarket was 
in the National House from 1829 to 
1830, and his son-in-law, the Rev. 
James Pike, from 1855 to 1859, while 
the Rev. Jared Perkins of Winchester 
sat in the 32d Congress from 1851 to 
1853. In more recent years the Rev. 
Luther F McKinney, pastor of the 
Universalist Church in Manchester, 
entered political life, and was twice 
elected to Congress from the First 



The N. IL State Government of 1913-14 



81 



District, serving from 1S87 to 1SS9, 
and from 1S91 to 1S93, then going to 
Bogota as United States Minister to 
Columbia during Cleveland's second 
administration. Along in the ''for- 
ties" Rev. John Atwood was promi- 
nent in Democratic politics and Rev. 
John Moore was nominated for gov- 
ernor by the ''Know Nothings" or 
American party in 1855, and but for 
his sudden death before election, 
would doubtless have been elected. 
That the Rev. Dr. Thomas Chal- 



University in 189.1, studied theology 
in St. Andrews, Scotland, and Mar- 
burg, Germany, and served a pas- 
torate of several years at Port Huron, 
Mich., before coming to New Hamp- 
shire. He has been active and promi- 
nent in denominational and general 
religious work serving as chairman 
of the New England Congregational 
Congress; president' of the New 
Hampshire Interdenominational Com- 
mission, and of the Central New 
Hampshire Congregational Club. He 



i . 



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h i 



Rev, Thomas Chalmers, D. D. 



mers of Manchester should be found 
representing the Seventeenth District 
m the State Senate is no surprise to 
those who have been aware of his 
lively interest in public affairs since 
be settled in the pastorate of the old 
First or Hano\er Street Congrega- 
tional Church in that city, more than 
thirteen years ago. 

Doctor Chalmers is a native of 
Algorna, Mich., born January 8, 
1869. He graduated from Harvard 



received his Doctor's degree from 
Dartmouth College in 1908. He is a 
32d degree Mason and chaplain of the 
Masonic Grand Lodge of New Hamp- 
shire. Politically he is a progressive 
Republican, and was the Republican 
candidate for president of the Senate 
at the organization of that body. _ He 
also received several votes for United 
States senator during the contest. 
He is chairman of the Senate Com- 
mittee on Public Health, and a mem- 



82 



the Granite Monthly 



ber of the Committees on Elections, 
Education, School for Feeble-Minded 
and Public Improvements. He has 
taken an active part in debate and a 
lively interest in all important legis- 
lation. 

June 20, 1894, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Maude V. Smith 
of Columbus Ohio. They have nine 
children. 

Hon. John A. Blackwood. 

The Tenth District, composed en- 
tirely of Concord wards, and normallv 



small majority notwithstanding it 
.was a presidential year. 

Hon. John A. Blackwood. Senator 
from No. 10 is a native of Nashua, 
born January 6, 1867, son of Benjamin 
L. and Ellen J. (Pettingill) Blackwood. 
He attended the Concord Schools, 
graduating from the High School in 
1885, and was a non-gratuate student 
in the Dartmouth college class of 1S92. 

He served as councilman from 
Ward four, Concord, under Mayor P. B. 
Cogswell in 1893-4, and as alderman, 
under Mayor Nathaniel E. Martin, in 
1899-1900, and has been prominently 



t:, 






Hon. John A. Blackwood 



Republican by about 400 majority, 
has several times of late been repre- 
sented in the Senate by Democrats, 
on account of the unusual strength 
and popularity of the nominee of that 
party, or the lack of popularity on the 
part of his opponent. Last November, 
with an unusually strong candidate, 
endorsed by the Progressives, the 
Democrats carried the district bv a 



urged as a candidate for mayor on 
the Democratic ticket, of which party 
he has always been a staunch adher- 
ent. With his father and younger 
brother, Fred I., he is engaged in 
the manufacture of plumbers' supplies 
(Concord Wood Working Co.) being 
himself assistant superintendent. 

Mr. Blackwood is unmarried. He 
is a member of the Unitarian Church, 



The X. H. State (h 



lent of 1913-11 



S3 



of the Wonolaneet and Snowshoe 
Clubs and the White Mountain Trav- 
elling Men's Association. In Ma- 
sonry he belongs to Lodge, Chapter 
Council, . Commandery and Shrine, 
and has received the 32d Scottish 
Rite degree. 

His standing committee service in 
the Senate is on the Judiciary. Labor 
(chairman), Manufactures and Fish- 
eries and Game Committees. 



The work of the Senate, this year, 
was transacted with systematic 
promptness. Compelled to wait upon 
the action of the House, as is always 
the case, for the bulk of its business, 
it kept the deck cleared for action, 
so to speak, and everything well in 
hand. This may be considered the 
result of a sense of party responsi- 
bility on the part of the majority 
members, without which, in fact, it is 
impossible to do business satisfac- 
torily in any legislative body. No 
Progressive faction, holding the bal- 
ance of power, cumbered the way in 
the upper branch and, with a clear 
majority of four, the Democratic 
Senators promptly took the responsi- 
bility in all matters where partisan 
questions were in any way involved, 
and went forward with the work. 



THE HOUSE. 

The House of Representatives in 
the present Legislature is the largest, 
numerically, in the history of the 
state. There were 405 members 
chosen in all, .three of whom have 
died — Cyrus O. But trick of Derry 
having passed away before the Leg- 
islature assembled, and Oscar Barron 
of Carroll and Robert L. Smiley of 
Sutton afterward. It is not only the 
largest House the state has ever had, 
but, in the general estimate of the 
People, the most dilatory and ineffi- 



cient in the matter of work accom- 
plished. Nor can it be denied that 
there is good ground for this estimate. 
There has been more neglect of duty, 
more absence from the sessions and 
consequent failure of a quorum req- 
uisite for the transaction of business 
than has ever been noted before, and 
the consequence is that, up to this 
writing, sixteen weeks have passed, 
and the end is not yet in sight. 

Unquestionably a prime reason for 
this inattention, indifference and ap- 
parent sense of personal irresponsi- 
bility on the part of the members, is 
the lack of a party majority and the 
consequent absence of party responsi- 
bility in the House. Of the 405 repre- 
sentatives elected, 198 were chosen as 
Democrats and 207 were elected by 
the Republicans and Progressives 
combined. How many of these were 
of the latter persuasion was unknown 
till the test came on election of 
Speaker, which was not effected until 
the sixth ballot, and the morning of 
Thursday, the second day. Guy H. 
Cutter of Jaffrey had been nominated 
by the Democrats, Charles A. Per- 
kins, of Manchester, by the Republi- 
cans, and William J. Britton of 
Wolfeboro, by the Progressives. On 
the first ballot for Speaker the vote 
stood: 



William J. Britton, 
Charles A. Perkins, 
Guv H. Cutter, 



27 

184 
191 



and there was no choice. Four more 
ballots were taken, without result, 
but, on Thursday morning, before 
the sixth ballot was proceeded with 
Mr. Cutter withdrew, and Mr. Brit- 
ton was then elected, the vote stand- 
ing: 



William J. Ahern, 
Guy H. Cutter, 
Charles A. Perkins, 
William J. Britton, 



1 

1 
182 
207 



Mr. Britton immediately took the 
oath, assumed the gavel and pro- 
ceeded with the duties of his office. 






HON. WILLIAM J. BRITTON 
Speaker of the House 



^4 



! I 



The N. H. State Government of 1013-14 



85 



HON. WILLIAM J. BRITTON 

William J. Britton of Wolfeboro, 
speaker of the New Hampshire House 
of representatives, was born June IS, 
1872, in the town which ever since 
has been his home and which he is 
now representing in the Legislature 
of his state. His preparatory educa- 
tion was secured there, at Brewster 
Free Academy, while his training for 
his profession, the law, was gained at 
Boston University. He had his own 
way to make and was dependent upon 
his own exertions for his education, 
a fact which probably contributed 
in his case as in so many others to 
the excellence of his scholastic record 
at academy and university and to 
the substantial success of his subse- 
quent career. 

His fellow-citizens have bestowed 
upon him various offices in their gift, 
such as moderator; town clerk for 
fourteen years; representative in the 
Legislature of 1903, serving upon the 
Committee on Revision of the Stat- 
utes, and in November, 1912, solic- 
itor of Carroll Count}'. 

The manner of his choice at the 
same election to the Legislature of 
whose lower house he was destined 
to be the speaker is a notable illus- 
tration of the part Fate plays in all our 
affairs. No names were filed as 
candidates for the Republican repre- 
sentative nominations in Wolfeboro 
in the fall of 1912; but two voters, of 
whose identity Mr. Britton even now 
is ignorant, wrote in his name upon 
their ballots and these manifestations 
of preference were sufficient to secure 
him the nomination. 

Mr. Britton wished to decline, but 
his friends were so insistent that he 
should represent Wolfeboro at this 
important session of the General 
Court that he yielded to their wishes, 
remained upon the ticket, and was 
elected. 

A Progressive in political principles 
since the first dawn of that belief in 
New Hampshire, Mr. Britton made 



no secret of that 'fact throughout the 
campaign. Therefore, when it was 
found that the balance of power in 
the Legislature was held by the Pro- 
gressives, it was natural that Mr. 
Britton should be considered among 
their leaders. 

On Tuesday, December 31, 1912, 
he was made the Progressive candi- 
date- for speaker of the House. Re- 
publicans and Democrats also made 
nominations and on Wednesday, the 
opening day of the session, there was 
no choice. On Thursday the Dem- 
ocrats joined with the Progressives 
and elected Mr. Britton speaker on 
the sixth ballot. 

As presiding officer of one of the 
largest legislative bodies in the world, 
a position requiring a clear head and 
a stout heart, a quick wit and a 
determined character, Mr. Britton 
has been an unqualified success. In 
the first important duty which de- 
volved upon him, that of the appoint- 
ment of standing committees, he 
manifested an absolute fairness of 
mind and a keen judgment of men 
which have been in evidence in all 
his subsequent official acts and which 
have won him the admiration and 
esteem of all who are his associates 
in the Legislature or who have had 
occasion to become acquainted with 
its work. 

At one stage in the long drawn out 
contest over the election of a United 
States senator Mr. Britton was given 
the unanimous support of the Pro- 
gressives in the Legislature for that 
high office, and received also some 
Republican votes. 

In fraternal circles he is a past 
master of Morning Star lodge, A. F. 
and A. M., and a member of Warren 
chapter of the Eastern Star and of 
Carroll chapter, R. A. M.-, all of 
Wolfeboro; of Pilgrim commandery, 
Knights Templar, of Laconia; and of 
the Odd Fellow and Rebekah lodges 
and Lake Shore Grange of Wolfeboro. 
In temperament he is genial, kindly, 
whole-souled and warm-hearted. 



M 



HON. WILLIAM J. AHERN 
Chairman Appropriations Committee 



The N. H. State Government of 1913-14 



87 



With the election of a United States 
senator, to succeed Henry E. Burn- 
ham, of Manchester, pending, it was 
not expected that great progress 
would be made in general legislation 
till that matter was disposed of. The 
Democrats nominated Henry F. Hol- 
lis as their candidate, the Progressives 
named Robert P. Bass, and the Re- 
publicans went into the contest with- 



ballot, Mr. Hollis was elected, the 
vote standing: . 



Henry F. Hollis, 
John H. Bart let t, 
Henry B, Quinby, 
Edward X. Pearson, 
Robert P. Bass, 
Sherman E. Burroughs, 
Scattering, 



189 

121 

IS 

14 

12 

>o 
15 



,^ 



&*> 





out a nomination* On the first ballot, 
January 14, the vote stood: 



Henry F. Hollis, 


204 


Henry B. Quinby, 


114 


Rosecrans W. Pillsbury, 


59 


Robert P. Bass, 


15 


John M. Gile, 


7 


Sherman E. Burroughs,- 


7 


Scattering, 


12 



Balloting continued, once a day, 
until March 13, when, on the 43d 



The session had then reached the 
eleventh week, and very little legis- 
lative work had been accomplished, 
the general demoralization resulting 
from the protracted senatorial con- 
test, the longest and most exciting in 
the history of the state, standing in 
the way, along with lack of party re- 
sponsibility, while the unusually large 
proportion of inexperienced members 
doubtless contributed to this unsatis- 
factory state of affairs. Moreover, 



BENJAMIN \V. COUCH 
Chairman Judiciary- Committee 



The N. H. State Government of 1913-14 



89 



there was much delay in the comple- 
tion and introduction of various im- 
portant bills, generally known as the 
"administration measures," designed 
to effect reform and promote economy, 
and remove some of the political dis- 
advantages growing up from the 
Democratic viewpoint, under half a 
century of complete Republican con- 
trol. As it is, up to the completion of 
the third weekin April and the sixteenth 
of the session, a large proportion of 
the really important work before the 



duced the present session beats the 
record. There had been introduced, 
up to the end of the sixteenth week, 
659 House bills, and 116 joint resolu- 
tions, and 74 Senate bills, of which 
219 in all— 1S6 House bills, 15 joint 
resolutions and 18 Senate bills— had 
passed both branches; while 354 in 
all — 269 House bills, 51 joint resolu- 
tions and 14 Senate bills had been 
killed, in one way or another, leaving 
276 measures in all, or a little more 
than a third of tire total num%w in- 



;;-,.- ~i —..:,--. ,";-.^,,. r - .-■...-.-,... ..—.■-..„-._.. 



%>■ 






- , 



.*** 






Hon. Raymond B, Stevens 



Legislature remains to be disposed of. 
The session is already longer than any 
other since tiie biennial plan was 
adopted, and may be extended inde- 
finitely into the month of May. 
Nevertheless, when the record is con- 
sulted, and the entire amount of busi- 
ness introduced and disposed of is 
considered, it appears that something 
has already been done, whether of 
any real importance or not. 

In the amount of business intro- 



troduced, yet to be disposed of. Look- 
ing at the matter from a financial 
standpoint some idea of the magni- 
tude of the business introduced may 
be had when we consider the fact that 
appropriations to the amount of about 
82,300,000, in all, have been asked 
for. Among the measures that have 
passed the House, but are not yet 
disposed of in the Senate though their 
passage there is entirely probable, are 
those providing for a 8400,000 bond 






aJVsp./s^ W 



^0 



■ 






Mk*& 



C^^i^j^n^x^^ <' C&^&lfas^-^L*^ f 



The N. II. State Government of 1913-14 



91 



issue, the proceeds to be applied, to 
the extent of $250,000, for completing 

the three trunk line highways running 
up and down the state, and $150,000, 
for a cross state highway from the 
Connecticut River, at Walpole, to the 
ocean at Portsmouth; also appropria- 
ting $100,000 for the Keene Normal 
School, and 180,000 each for the State 
College at Durham and the School 
for the Feeble-Minded, at Laeonia, 



importance, favorably disposed of, are 
those ratifying the sixteenth and 
seventeenth amendments to the Fed- 
eral Constitution — authorizing income 
taxation and providing for the elec- 
tion of United States senators by 
clirect vote of the people, both of 
which, by the way, have been ratified 
by the requisite number of states, and 
are now a part of the fundamental 
law. The Legislature has also passed 



Hon. Edward H. Wason 



mainly for necessary building pur- 
poses. An appropriation that has 
passed both branches, on sentimental 
grounds, is that providing SI 0,000 for 
the transportation of New Hampshire 
Civil War veterans who desire to at- 
tend the reunion, on the Gettysburg 
battle ground, of Federal and Con- 
federate veterans, on the occasion of 
the fiftieth anniversary of the battle, 
next July. Two measures of prime 



an act providing the necessary ma- 
chinery for carrying the senatorial 
election amendment into practical 
effect, so that it is certain that the 
state will never again be troubled by 
any legislative deadlock over the 
choice of a senator, to the detriment 
of general legislative business. 

Two measures of an unprecedented 
nature — the one in the rapidity with 
which it was carried through and the 



92 



The Granite Monthly 



other in its distinctive character — 
were enacted in the same day. The 
first was a joint resolution, appropria- 
ting SI 2. 000 for a highway from the 
Connecticut River, opposite Windsor, 
Vt., to Harlakenden House, Winston 
Churchill's Cornish home, which is to 
be the summer residence of President 
Wilson and family, which passed both 
branches within an hour and was im- 
mediately signed by Governor Felker, 
who had recommended its passage in 
a special message; while the other 
was a resolution expelling from the 
House of Representatives Clifford H. 
Snow of Manchester, because he had 
" talked too much'' or too indiscreetly, 
this being the first case of the expul- 
sion of a member in the history of the 
state. 

While, as has been noted, the mem- 
bership of the House includes a large 
proportion of inexperienced men there 
is also included quite a number of able 
and experienced legislators, among 
whom may be noted: 

William J. Ahern of Ward Nine, 
Concord, who has been the virtual 
leader of the Democracy, and the 
spokesman on the floor for the Ap- 
propriations Committee for many 
years past — now serving his ninth 
term in the House. This year he 
holds the chairmanship of the Appro- 
priations Committee and membership 
in the Committee on Rules. To his 
firmness, sagacity and determination 
in directing the contest for the Demo- 
crats, the election of their candidate 
for United States senator is largely 
due. 

James E. French of Moulton- 
borough, who in legislative experience 
outranks any man in the state now 
living, having served nine terms 
previous to this in the House and one 
in the Senate, and who, from his long 
experience in the past in directing the 
affairs of the Appropriations Com- 
mittee, upon which he this year holds 
second place, and his persistent safe- 
guarding of the people's interests, has 
earned the sobriquet of "watchdog of 
the treasury." . 



Raymond B. Stevens of Landaff, 
Democratic Congressman-elect from 
the Second District, defeating Frank 
D. Currier at the November election 
by a majority running into the thou- 
sands, now serving his third term in 
the House and laboring for the com- 
plete consummation of the reform 
legislation which he was actively in- 
strumental in initiating during his 
first term and followed up efficiently 
two years ago. He has service on the 
Judiciary Committee, holding second 
place, and the chairmanship of the 
special joint committee on Railroad 
Rates, championing its report on the 
floor, He is also regarded as the 
special supporter of the so-called 
administration measures. As a strong 
and forceful debater he has no superior 
in the Legislature. 

Benjamin W. Couch of Ward Five, 
Concord, who, though serving his first 
term in the last Legislature, held the 
important position of chairman of the 
Judiciary Committee and acquitted 
himself with such eminent fairness 
and ability that his reappointment 
this year came almost as a matter of 
course, although partisan considera- 
tions, alone, might have dictated a 
different selection. His course this 
year has fully justified his selection, 
from whatever standpoint the matter 
is viewed. While an earnest Repub- 
lican, he never allows party valor to 
run away with intelligent judgment, 
and while a strong and convincing 
speaker, he never talks merely for the 
sake of being heard. His ward will 
best serve the state by continuing him 
in his present position as its repre- 
sentative. 

Edward H. Wason of Ward Six, 
Nashua, a Republican leader who has 
served in two previous Legislatures and 
two Constitutional Conventions, and 
as solicitor of Hillsborough County 
for two terms. He serves this year 
on the Judiciary Committee, as here- 
tofore, and holds a place in the front 
rank among the Republican leaders 
and as a general debater. He dem- 



The N. H. State Government of 1913-14 



93 



oast rated his courage and consistency 
by championing the losing Woman 
Suffrage cause with Stevens of Land- 
aff, Chase of Concord, and Bean of 
Belmont, closing the debate in its 
support. Had not Mr. Currier been 
unwisely crowded in again, he would 
doubtless have been the Republican 
nominee for Congress last fall. He 
can probably have the nomination 
next vear if he deems it worth while. 



men to serve the state in the Legis- 
lature — a custom which other towns 
and cities would do well to follow. 
Naturally he was assigned to the 
Judiciary Committee where his judg- 
ment and experience proved of great 
value. 

Ezra M. Smith of Peterborough, is 
a representative from another town 
which manifests good judgment in 



■T-'//-' ' -■ -■ . ,,, -r; .■-:•■■; ' v-\-: r\- " : -.~--" : 



.1 



i*< 



Hon. Ezra M. Smith 



Edwin G. Eastman of Exeter, the 
strong man in a strong delegation, 
from a town which has exercised 
greater influence upon New Hamp- 
shire legislation than any city within 
its borders. With previous service 
in both House and Senate and long 
experience as attorney general of the 
state, Mr. Eastman was properly 
again elected to the House by his 
fellow-citizens, immediately upon his 
retirement from the- last named office, 
m accordance with its invariable 
custom of sending its best equipped 



keeping able men in the service. He 
has served five previous terms in the 
House, been delegate in two Consti- 
tutional Conventions, ten years a 
member of the school board, and is 
now on his twenty-fourth year as a 
member of the board of selectmen, 
besides having served nine years as 
judge of the police court, retiring by 
constitutional limitation. He is a 
strong, logical speaker and debater 
and a conscientious legislator, shirk- 
ing no duty and avoiding no respon- 
sibility. He has served this year as 



I 



m 



? 

t 






^ 






HON. FRANK P. HOBBS 



The -V. 11. State Government of 1913-14 



95 



chairman of the Committee on Liquor 
Laws and as a member of the Com- 
mittee on Revision of the Laws; also" 
as chairman of the special committee 
investigating charges of corruption 
in connection with the senatorial 
election, which several 



have involved arduous duty • w 
has been faithfully performed. 



ich 



as well as faithful and industrious in 
committee work, and so intent upon 
the full performance of his duty that 
he makes his home in the^ Capital 
City during the time of the legislative 
session. He is chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Forestry, and a member of 
the Committee on Engrossed Bills, 
besides holding membership in the 



WILLIAM E. DAVIS 
v Progressive 

Representative from New Ipswich 



Frank P. Hobbs of Wolfeboro, who 
served conspicuously in the Legis- 
lature of 1911, and as a member of 
the last Constitutional Convention, 
and is ready at all times, and under 
all circumstances to serve the Dem- 
ocratic party, in the defence of true 
Democratic principles' and to pro- 
mote the cause of progressive legis- 
lation to the extent of his ability. 
He is a ready and earnest speaker, 

3 



Judiciary, a strong mark of recogni- 
tion considering the fact that he is 
not a lawyer. 

Henry D. Allison. 

Henry Darracott Allison, represen- 
tative from Dublin, was born there, 
February 2, 1869, a son of James and 
Sarah Jane (Darracott) Allison. He 
is a lineal descendant of Samuel and 



c 



(b 



- ., 




HENRY D. ALLISON 
Chairman Committee on Public Improvements 



The N. ' H. State Government of 191S-1J+ 



97 



Katherine (Steele) Allison, who came 
from Londonderry, Ireland, to Bos- 
ton in 1718, and, in April of 1719, 
went to Nutfield, later Londonderry, 
where he was one of the first sixteen 
settlers, and one of the original gran- 
tees to whom the charter of the town 
was given in 1722. He was called 
"Charter Samuel Allison/' 

Capt. Samuel Allison, son of "Char- 
ter Samuel/' was born in Londonderry, 
in 1722, and married Janet MaeFar- 
iand. These were the great-great- 
grandparents of Henry D. Allison. 
Capt. Samuel Allison was one of 
Capt. John Mitchell's company of 
troopers raised for defence against the 
French and Indians for two years. 
He served on the board of selectmen 
seven years, was strongly intellectual, 
and one of the best extempore speak- 
ers in town. During the war of the 
Revolution, being too old to serve in 
the field, he was one of three commis- 
sioners appointed to provide arms and 
ammunition for New Flampshire sol- 
diers. 

Henry -D. Allison, by his grand- 
mother on his mother's side, is a 
descendant of William White, a May- 
flower Pilgrim. By his grandmother 
on his father's side he is descended 
from the Rev. John Wilson, Puritan 
minister and teacher, who came to 
this country from England in 1630, 
and preached in Salem and Boston. 
His father, James Allison, taught 
school in his early manhood, and 
served eighteen years on the school- 
board. He was elected on the board 
of selectmen fourteen times, and for 
thirty-three years was one of the 
town agents. He was commissioned 
by Governor Weston in 1874 as a 
Justice of the Peace for Cheshire 
County, which office he still holds at 
the age of eighty-three. He repre- 
sented his town twice in the Legisla- 
ture and for forty years has been a 
deacon in the First Congregational 
(Unitarian) church. 

Henry D. Allison was educated in 
the public schools of Dublin and in 
the Bryant and Stratton business col- 
lege of Boston. He married, in 1891, 



Florence Go wing Mason, of Dublin, 
and they have three children — Hil- 
dreth, Elliott and Christine, 

Mr. Allison's business as a mer- 
chant and real estate agent has given 
him a wide acquaintance with people 
of prominence and national reputa- 
tion — the Right Honorable James 
Bryce, British ambassador, Baron 
Von Sternburg, German ambassador, 
Franklin Mac Veagh, Secretary of the 
Treasury, Senator Beveridge, Mark 
Twain (from whom he is the recipient 
of a complete set of his works). Prof. 
Albert Bushnell Hart, Col. T. W. 
Higginson, Miss Jane Addams and 
many others. 

While Mr. Allison has always been 
a Republican, he has been identified 
with the Progressive wing of that 
party and was an enthusiastic sup- 
porter of Winston Churchill during his 
first campaign for governor and has 
ardently followed Theodore Roose- 
velt and Governor Bass. He was 
an original member of the Lincoln 
Republican Club and a Vice-President 
of the Cheshire County Lincoln Re- 
publican Club, both founded six years 
ago during the Churchill campaign. 

While elected on the Republican 
ticket as Representative in the pres- 
ent Legislature, Mr. Allison's Progres- 
sive tendencies were so well known to 
his constituents that, after his over- 
whelming nomination at the Primary, 
he was opposed by the Republican 
Club of his town, as well as by a mem- 
ber of the State Committee, and has 
the distinction of being the only mem- 
ber of the present House who was 
elected in opposition to the efforts of 
a cabinet official. 

During the present session of the 
Legislature he has been acting chair- 
man of the Progressive Legislative 
Committee, and was appointed to the 
chairmanship of the Committee on 
Public Improvements. 

He was also made a member of the 
Special Committee of five on redis- 
tricting the state for election of mem- 
bers of the Executive Council and of 
the State Senate, and for considering 
the subject of new ward lines in cities 



98 



The Granite Monthly 



— a responsible balance of power in a 
committee made up of two Republi- 
cans, two 'Democrats and a Progres- 
sive. 

Mr. Allison is a member of Pequog 
Lodge No. 50, I. O. O. F., Marlbor- 
ough. Past Master Altemont Lodge. 
No. 26, A. F. and A.M., Peterborough; 
Peterborough Royal Arch Chapter, 
Saint John's Council, Royal and 
Select Masters, Keene, and Hugh de 
Payens Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar, Keene. 



Republican town of Jaffrey, Guy H. 
Cutter, Democrat, was naturally ac- 
corded a prominent position in the 
House in the ' present Legislature. 
He was his party's nominee for 
speaker, and was supported until after 
the fifth ballot, when it became 
apparent that no organization could 
be effected without a compromise 
arrangement oi some kind, the Dem- 
ocrats generally united with the Pro- 
gressives and gave the election to their 
nominee, William J. Brit ton of Wolfe- 



I 

f 



Guy H. Cutter 



From early youth he has been in- 
tensely interested in penmanship and 
the statement has been made by rec- 
ognized authority that outside of the 
strictly professional circle he is one 
of the finest penmen in the country. 
He is the representative o"f the Keene 
National Bank in Dublin. 

Guy H. Cutter. 

For , the third time successively 
elected a representative from the 



boro. Mr. Cutter, who had served 
in 1909 as a member of the Committee 
on Revision of the Laws, and in 1911 
on the Judiciary as well, and also on 
the Elections Committee, has served 
this year also upon all these commit- 
tees, holding the Chairmanship of the 
Committee on Revision of the Laws, 
and rendering conspicuous service 
upon both this and the Judiciary 
Committee, as well as on the floor in 
debate. He is a graduate of Clark 
College and the Harvard Law School, 



The X. H. State Government of 1913-14 



99 



and has a law office at Winehendon, 
Mass. He was secretary of the 
Democratic State Committee in 1908 
and 1910, and a delegate in the Dem- 
ocratic Hational Convention at Balti- 
more In 1912 from the Second Xew 
Hampshire District where he was 
among the first to give his vote for 
Woodrow Wilson as the nominee for 
President. His engagement to Miss 
Marion Burns, now of Winehendon, 
but formerly of Milford, X. H., has 
recentlv been announced: 



and postmaster, attending the con- 
ventions and acting upon the com- 
mittees of his party in county, 
district and state. He represented 
Belmont in the Legislature of 1S87, 
and his district in the State Senate 
in 1901. He was a delegate from 
New Hampshire in the Republican 
National Convention of 1904, and was 
a member of the last State Constitu- 
tional Convention, taking an active 
part in its work. He served as aide- 
de-camp on the staff_of Governor 






h 



Hon. Edwin C. Bean 



Hon. Edwin C. Bean 

"Bean of Belmont' 7 has been a 
prominent figure in public, political 
and business life for a quarter of a 
century. He is a native of Gilman- 
ton, born February 20, 1854; was 
educated at the Tilton Seminary, and 
has been in business at Belmont as a 
druggist and general merchant for 
many years, and has taken an active 
part in town affairs as a Republican, 
serving as moderator and town clerk, 



John M. McLane, with the rank of 
colonel. He has been a prominent 
figure in the House of Representa- 
tives in the present Legislature, being 
chairman of the Republican caucus, 
and chairman of the Committee on 
Education, but by no means confining 
his activities to the work of that 
committee. He is not a frequent , 
but is a strong and forceful speaker 
and is heard whenever he has some- 
thing to say. and saying it directly to 
the point. 



100 



The Granite Monthly 



Mr. Bean is married and has three 
children. He attends the Free Bap- 
tist church, is a Knight Templar and 
Scottish Bite Mason, a Knight of 
Pythias and a member of the Grange. 
He has been president of the New- 
Hampshire Retail Grocers' Associa- 
tion. 

James F. Brennan. 

^» One of Peterborough's two repre- 
sentatives this vear — James F. Bren- 



enviable reputation as a practitioner 
in Hillsborough and Cheshire coun- 
ties and winning general favor as a 
wide-awake, enterprising and public- 
spirited citizen. He is a Catholic in 
religion and an unswerving Democrat 
in politics, and has been a valiant 
defender of the faith upon the stump 
and elsewhere in many hard-fought 
campaigns. 

Mr. Brennan was one of the trus- 
tees of the State Library from 1902 
to 190S, and took a lively interest in 



&**?■ 



Maj. James F. Brennan 



nan — is the first Democrat to be 
elected from that town for sixty years, 
the Republicans having been all along 
overwhelmingly in the ascendant. 
His election is due simply to his 
recognized ability and his remarkable 
popularity. Mr. Brennan was born 
in Peterborough, March 31, 1853, 
graduated from Maryland University, 
Baltimore, in the class of 1884, 
■studied law, and has been in practice 
in Peterborough for more than a 
quarter of a century, establishing an 



the management of the institution. 
He is a member of the State Board of 
Charities and Corrections, to which 
he was appointed in 1899, and to 
whose Avork he has given much 
thought and attention. He is deeply 
interested in historical matters, has 
been historiographer of the Peter- 
borough Historical Society since its 
organization, holds the same office in 
the American Irish Historical Society 
and is a member of the Xew Hamp- 
shire Historical Society. He is a 



The N. II. State Government of 1913-14 



101 



member of the Judiciary and Public 
Improvements Committees' of the 
House, and also of the special Com- 
mittee to redistrict the State. lie 
is an effective debater on the floor, 
speaking only when he has something 
to say. He is a member of the staff 
of Governor Feiker, with the rank of 
Major. He has long been a member 
of the Democratic State Committee, 
and prominent in the councils of the 
party. Pie is unmarried and has 



Albert DeMeritt. who served in 
the last House on the Agricultural 
College Committee, and looked .vali- 
antly after the interests of that insti- 
tution, which he has by no means 
neglected during the present session, 
holds membership this year upon the 
important committee on Appropria- 
tions, to whose exacting duties he has 
given close attention, and his clear 
head and careful judgment have been 
of great value in influencing its decis- 



y 



| 



Albert DeMeritt 



traveled extensively in this and other 
countries. 

Albert DeMeritt 

The town of Durham made no 
mistake in returning its representa- 
tive of 1911 to the Legislature again 
this } r ear. If more towns would keep 
able men in service for successive 
terms there would be more desirable 
and less illy-considered legislation on 
the statute"book. 



ions. He was also a member of the 
special committee investigating the 
charges or allegations of corruption in 
connect'on with the election of United 
States senator, which resulted in no 
substantiation of the same; but he 
did not join his associates of the 
committee in recommending the ex- 
pulsion of Representative Snow of 
Manchester on general principles. 

Mr. DeMeritt is a native of Dur- 
ham, born on the old homestead which 
Lestill holds, August 25} 1851. Edu- 



102 



The Granite Monthly 



cated in the public schools and by 
private tutors he has devoted his life 
to agriculture and lumbering:, with 
eminent success; but has served the 
public, in many capacities, in an 
equally successful manner. He has 
been repeatedly moderator of town 
and school meetings, superintending 
and member of the school board; 
trustee and president of the Durham 
Library Association; nine years mem- 
ber of the state board of Agriculture, 
and trustee of the Xew Hampshire 
College of. Agriculture and the Me- 
chanic Arts, in whose welfare he has 
ever been deeply interested. Politi- 
cally he is a life-long Democrat, and 
in religion a Congregationalist , having 
been more than thirty years a trustee 
of the Congregational Church in Dur- 
ham. He is a member of the Grange, 
a Knight of Pythias, and a member 
of the New Hampshire Historical 
Society. He holds the degree of 
Master of Science, conferred bv the 
State College. 

Mr. DeMeritt married June 2, 
1886, Elizabeth Pickering Thompson 
of Durham, a member of the old 
Thompson family. They have three 
children: Katherine born March 21, 
18S7, now head of the French Depart- 
ment in the Chicago Latin School, 
Margaret, born February, 18S9, now 
studying for her " Ph.D. " in Washing- 
ton University, St. Louis, Mo., and 
Stephen, born September 29, 1891, a 
graduate of the Electric Engineering 
Department of the State College in 
1912. 

Franklin P. Curtis, 

Franklin Pierce Curtis, serving 
his second term as a representative 
from Ward Two. Concord, was born, 
February 12, 1856, in the house, on 
Pleasant Street in said city, then 
standing on the present site of the 
residence of George L. Stratton. 
When he was a year old his parents 
•removed to Dost Concord where he 
has since resided. He is a son of the 
late George H. and Harriet (Lougee) 
Curtis, and. a. lineal descendant of, 



Ga.pt. Ebenezer Eastman and Capt. 
David Kimball, both among the first 
settlers of Concord and soldiers in 
the Colonial wars. He was educated 
in the public schools and by private 
tutors. 

Politically he has always been a 
Democrat. He has been Ward clerk 
twenty years; has been supervisor of 
the check list, and an alderman two 
terms, representing Ward Two under 
the administration of Mavors P. B., 
Cogswell and Henry Robinson, 1903- 
06, serving on the Committees on 



^ 



\ I 



irk,- „ ■-. -rjL^S 



Frank P. Curtis 



Land and Buildings and Engrossed 
Ordinances. In the Legislature of 
1911, as in the piesent Legislature, he 
was a member of the Agricultural 
College Committee, and took an active 
interest in its work. He is a member 
of Rumford Grange, P. of H., and of 
Merrimack County Pomona Grange 
and was many years Secretary of the 
former organization, in whose work he 
has taken strong interest. He is a 
Justice of the Peace and Quorum for 
Merrimack County. He attends the 
Congregational Church in East Con- 
cord, but is a trustee of the Grace 



The X. II. State Government of 1913-14 



103 



Episcopal Church building fund of 
that place. He has long been a 
newspaper reporter, and the regular 
correspondent of the Concord Patriot, 
contributing also to other papers. He 
is unmarried. He has a twin brother 
and three sisters living, George H. 
Curtis of Concord. Mrs. C. H. Rich- 
ardson of Dover, Mrs. J. E. Allison 
and Airs. W. C. Sanborn of Concord. 



the Concord Electric Company, and 
in September following he was made 
manager, which position he still holds, 
and in which he has displayed ability 
and enterprise of a high order, while 
taking a deep interest in general 
public affairs. 

Mr. Chase is a Republican in poli- 
tics, but did not hesitate to cast his 
vote for Henry F. Hollis for United 





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Levin J. Chase 



Levin J. Chase. 

Levin Joynes Chase, representative 
from Ward Three, Concord, was born 
in the city of Philadelphia, February 
1, 18G2. He comes of old New Hamp- 
shire stock, being the son of Reginald 
and Susan (Stanwood) Chase, both 
natives of the town of Hopkinton. 
He was educated in Philadelphia and 
Hopkinton. In 1888 he went to San 
Francisco, Cal., where he was engaged 
in the service of the Wells Fargo & Co. 
Express for eighteen years. January 
1, 1909, Mr. Chase came to Concord 
to accept the position of cashier of 



States Senator on the decisive ballot, 
as on many previous occasions, recog- 
nizing him as a favorite and worthy 
son of the Ward which he represents, 
and the undoubted choice of a major- 
ity of its voters. He is a member of 
the important committee on Ways and 
Means, and chairman of the State 
Prison Committee — a most appropri- 
ate assignment, as he is an ardent 
believer in prison reform methods. A 
strong speaker and debater, he has 
been heard several times during the 
session with effect, on the floor of the 
House. 



104 



The Granite Monthly 



The ancestral home of his family 
in Hopkinton village, adjacent to the 
Episcopal Church where his grand- 
father, Rev. Moses B. Chase was 
rector, is still in Mr. Chase's posses- 
sion. January 2, 1905, he was united 
in marriage with Bertha Louise Ad- 
ams, in California. He is an Epis- 
copalian in religion, a member of the 
California Society, S. A. R., and of 
^e YTonolancet and Snowshoe Clubs 
of Concord. 



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boyhood, was first sergeant and second 
lieutenant of Company M., First 
New Hampshire Volunteers, in the 
Spanish War, and was captain of the 
company, in the New Hampshire 
National Guard, for five years after 
the war. 

Mr. Chase has been town clerk 
of Newport since 1905, and has been 
active in all movements looking to 
the progress of the town. He was 
chairman -of the Committee of Ar- 
rangements for the celebration of the 
one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of 
the settlement of the town of Newport 
in 1911; has been a leading spirit in 
the Board of Trade of that town, of 
which he is president, as he is, also, 
of the New Hampshire Board of 
Trade. He is active in Masonry, 
belonging to lodge, chapter, council, 
commandery, shrine and the Eastern 
Star; is a Red Man and a member of 
the Penawan Club of Newport. In 
religion he is a Congregationalist. 

He is a member of the House Com- 
mittee on Public Improvements. 






Olin H. Chase 



Olin H. Chase 

The delegation in the House from 
the town of Newport, this year, is 
headed by a newspaper man — Olin 
Hosea Chase — editor and publisher 
of the Republican Champion, and a 
stalwart and uncompromising advo- 
cate of stand-pat Republicanism. 

Mr. Chase is a native of the town 
of Springfield, a son of Hosea B. and 
Evelyne H. (Kidder) Chase, born 
August 24, 1876. He was educated 
in the Newport High School, learned 
the printer's trade, and has been 
editor and proprietor of the Champion 
for the last nine years. He has been 
interested in military affairs from 



Ernest B. Folsom 

Ernest Bartlett Folsom, Republi- 
can, representative from Ward One, 
Dover, is a native of that city, a son 
of Simeon Bartlett and Susan Ann 
(Bartlett) Folsom, born February 16, 
1874. He was educated in the public 
schools, graduating from the Dover 
High School in 1893. He studied in 
the office of Arthur G. Whittemore of 
Dover, and at the Yale Law School, 
and was admitted to the bar, July 
31, 1896, in the class with Cyrus H. 
Little, Merrill Shurtleff, Henri T. 
Ledoux and James A. Broderick, and 
has since been in practice in Dover, 
except about a year spent in the West 
for his health, in Ohio and North 
Dakota. He makes his home on a 
farm, where he has a fine herd of 
registered Jerseys, and takes special 
interest in the same. 

Mr. Folsom belongs to the Masonic 
organization, Grange, Royal Arcanum 
and the Sons of Veterans, in which 
latter organization he gained the 



The X. II. State Government of 1913-11, 



105 



title of " Colonel" as a Division Com- 
mander. He is also a member of 
the First Congregational Church. He 
served as ward clerk and moderator, 
while a resident of Ward Four, and 
was a delegate in the Constitutional 
Convention of 1912, in which he op- 
posed the proposed 3d amendment, 
and was chiefly instrumental in car- 
™? through the 9th, relating to 
pensions. 

He is a member and clerk of the 
House Committee on Revision of the 



A. and Calista A. (Chesley) Willand 
of Dover. They have three sons — 
Robert Bartlett, born Januarv 2, 
1905; Russell Willand. September 
10, 1906, and Edward Simeon, August 
2, 1909. 

George E. Barnard. 

George E. Barnard, who repre- 
sents the town of Hopkinton in the 
present Legislature, is a native of that 
town, a son of Joseph Barnard, 3d, 



Up i " ■" ■ ■■ ■ - .---•• ■ ■-- - 



§ 



m 



i 



Ernest B. Folsc-n 



Statutes," and has necessarily been a 
busy man. He has frequently been 
heard in debate and always to the 
point. Speaking for the Sons of 
Veterans, he opposed the action of 
the Appropriation Committee in re- 
ducing the Gettysburg encampment 
appropriation to $5,000, and secur- 
ing its recommittal and increase to 
$10,000 as originally proposed. 

He married, June 25, 1902, Ella 
May Willand, daughter of Edward 



and Maria (Gerrish) Barnard, born 
November 1, 1864. He is the pro- 
prietor of Meadow View Farm, upon 
which Joseph Barnard, the first set- 
tler, located in 1706 and which has 
continued in the family ever since. 
The Barnard family in Hopkinton 
has been noted from the start for suc- 
cess in agriculture, and the present 
representative fully maintains the 
reputation. His grandfather, Joseph 
Barnard, 2d, was one of the most 



106 



The Granite Monthly 



prominent breeders of Merino sheep 
and successful wool-growers in the 
country, taking prizes for exhibits at 
three World's Fairs. The cloth for 
the inauguration suit of President 



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George 


E. 


Barnard 



William Henry Harrison, was made 
from wool grown on the farm. His 
# faiher, Joseph Barnard, 3d, was also 
prominent in agricultural circles, and 
in lumbering and other operations. 
He furnished timber for the construc- 
tion of the famous Kearsarge which 
sunk the Alabama, in the Civil War, 
and was a contractor for the con- 
struction of the Contoocook Valley 
railroad. 

Mr. Barnard was educated in the 
public schools and at Penacook and 
New Hampton Academies. He is a 
member of the Congregational Church 
and of the Grange, and is a Repub- 
lican in politics. He has served two 
terms as a member of the board of 
supervisors, five years upon the school 
board, serving two years as chairman, 
and two years as chairman of the board 
of selectmen. He married Bertha S. 
Tyler of Hopkinton. They have two 
sons, Raymond J. and Perley D. He 



is a member of the Committee on For- 
estry, an assignment in keeping with 
his tastes and interest as he has given 
much attention to the subject, which 
is also one in which his father was 
deeply interested. 

John H. Rolfe. 

John H. Rolfe, long known as the 
Democratic "war horse" of Ward 
One, Concord (Penacook), a member 
of the last Legislature, was returned 
again for the present session by his 
loyal constituents who admire his 
hearty outspoken manner and his un- 
yielding devotion to Democratic prin- 
ciples. "John" was born in the ward 
he repiesents, October 1, 1847, edu- 
cated in the public schools and at 
Kimball Union Academy, Meriden, 
and has been engaged in the lumber 
business all his life, including several 
years in upper Michigan, and several 
more in Canada, but the last thirty- 



- ■.._---* 



John H. Rolfe 



six years in Penacook, where he has 
looked after the interests of the Dem- 
ocratic party with no less persistency 
than his own. He has served his 



The A r . H . State Government of 19 13-1 4 



107 



ward two terms as an Alderman in 
the Concord City government, and 
was postmaster from 18S7 to 1S90 
inclusive, by appointment of President 
Cleveland. He has been a justice of 
the peace for thirty-seven years,, has 
served as a member of the school 
board, and as moderator of the dis- 
trict more than thirty years. He is 
liberal in his religious views and prom- 
inent in the I. 0. O. F. He married 
Miss RoxanaiP. Simpson, January 



delegation, and in fact is 1he first 
Democrat elected to the House from 
that town within the memory of 
living men. 

He was born in Water bury, Vt., 
November 20, 1881, the son of Thomas 
F. and Hannah (McCoy) Dwyer. 
The family moved to Franklin in this 
state when he was seven years of age, 
and he gained his education in the 
public and parochial schools of that 
town. When he was eighteen they 



Thomas F. Dwyer 



24, 1872. They have a son and 
daughter. 

Mr. Rolfe served on the Forestry 
Committee two years ago, and is 
again a member of that body. 

Thomas F. Dwyer 

Thomas F. Dwyer of Lebanon is 
the only member of the delegation 
from that town in the Legislature of 
1911 reelected for the present term, 
and is also the only Democrat in the 



removed to Lebanon, and there he 
entered the employ of the American 
Woolen Company, continuing five 
years, when he withdrew and went 
into business as an agent of the 
Metropolitan Insurance Company, 
in which he has been engaged suc- 
cessfully for the last eight years. 

Mr. Dwyer served in the last House 
as a member of the Committee on 
Mileage and on Banks, of which 
latter committee he has been chair- 
man at the present session as well as 



108 



The Granite Monthly 



a member of the special joint Com- 
mittee on Railroad Hates, to whose 
important work he has necessarily 
given much attention. 

He is a Catholic in religion but 
belongs to none of .the fraternal organ- 
izations. His interest in politics as 
a Democrat has always been intense, 
and his labors for party success persist- 
ent. He is chairman of the Lebanon 
Democratic Club and has attended 
all the Democratic State Conventions 
since he became a voter, 

William E. Kinney 

William E. Kinney, Republican, 
representative from Claremont, was 
born in Milo, Me., April 3, 1S?5. 
He fitted for college at the Maine 
Central Institute, graduated A.B. 
from Bates College, Lewiston and 
LL.B. from Yale University Law 
School. He taught school three years 
and settled in Claremont in 1908, 
where he is now engaged in legal 



,- % 



William E. Kinney 



practice in partnership with Henry 
N. Hurd, a former member of the 
House. He is unmarried, a Univer- 



salist in religion, a member of the 
Masonic fraternity and of the Elks. 
He is a member of the Judiciary 
Committee and of the special com- 
mittee on Railroad Rates, giving close 
attention to the duties of each, and 
participating effectivelv in debate. 



Rev. F. W. Whippen 

Frank W. Whippen. 

Rev. Frank W. Whippen, represent- 
ative from the town of Kingston, was 
born, at Lynn, Mass., June 20, 1856. 
His parents were Henry Cass and 
Lydia Whippen. He was educated 
in the public schools of Lynn and at 
Tufts College when he received the 
degree of A.B. in 1878 and B.D. in 
1881. He was ordained to the Chris- 
tian ministry cf the L T niversalist 
church at Shelburne Falls, Mass., Oc- 
tober 12, 1882. There he married Mi- 
nerva S. Swan in 1885. Six children 
have blessed the union, five of whom 
are living. The eldest, Henry Cass, 
also a Tufts College graduate, passing 
away. February 11, 1912, at the age 
of twenty-five. Mr. Whippen has 
for nearly fourteen years been pastor 
of ihe Kingston Universalist Church, 
caring also during most of that time 



The X. H. State Government of 191S- 



109 



for the society at Kensington. He 
has been closely associated with vari- 
ous phases of town life, having been a 
trustee of Nichols Memorial Library 
for nine years and ten years a member 
of the school board. He is a Past 
Grand of Columbian Lodge 85, I. O. 
0. F. ; The Universalist State Conven- 
tion has honored him for the fourth 
time by making him State Secretary. 



many years as a plumbing and heating 
contractor with office at 12 Pleasant 
Street, rle married Miss Josephine 
Kelley of Northfield, Vt., and they 
have one son. He is a Catholic in 
religion, and is connected with no 
fraternal organizations. 

Few men in Concord have had 
longer service under the city govern- 
ment than Mr. Lee, who has been two 



/■■ 



William A. Lee 



In politics he is a Republican. He 
is a member of the Committee on 
State Prison. 

William A. Lee 

William A. Lee, representative from 
^ ard Eight, Concord, has been active 
hi Democratic politics in his ward and 
city for many years. He is a native 
of Concord, born April 10, 1S62, and 
^as educated in the public schools. 
He has been extensively engaged for 



years a member of the common 
council, six years alderman, and ten 
years a member of the board of 
assessors, under the old charter. 

He is a member of two important 
committees of the House — State Hos- 
pital and Ways and Means — and has 
been active in the work of both. He 
keeps his eyes and ears open, knows 
what is going on, and believes that 
Democrats should hold the offices, 
under a Democratic administration. 



110 



The GranU.f Monthly 



Charles E. Tilt ox. 

Charles Elliot Tilt on, representa- 
tive from the town of that name, 
given in honor of his father, the late 
Charles E. Tilton. noted financier and 



Maj. Charles E. Tilton 

benefactor of the town, was born 
there, May 6, 1887, being one of the 
youngest members of the House. He 
was educated at St. Paul's School, 
Harvard University and the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology. He 
is now pursuing the study of the law. 

Politically Mr. Tilton is a Demo- 
crat, and this quite naturally, his 
father and paternal grandfather being 
of that faith — the latter serving as 
United States District Marshal for 
New Hampshire during the adminis- 
tration of President Pierce; while his 
mother is a daughter of the late 
Franklin J. Eastman, of Northfield. 
In religion he is an Episcopalian, and 
his fraternal association is with the 
Masons, being a member of Lodge 
and Chapter. He is married and has 
one son. 

Mr. Tilton served as clerk of the 
last Democratic State Convention, at 



which he was nominated as one of 
the four candidates of the party for 
electors of president and vice-presi- 
dent, and was elected by the people 
at the polls to that office. At the 
same time he was chosen as a repre- 
sentative from his town in the present 
legislature in which he is serving as a 
member of the Committee on Revision 
of the Statutes. He is also chairman 
of the Belknap County delegation. 

Governor Felker recently made him 
a member of his staff, with the rank 
of Major. 

J. Daniel Porter 

J. Daniel Porter, Republican, repre- 
sentative from Plainfield, -was born 
September 2, 1884, the son of John 
and Annette (Rogers) Porter, and a 
direct descendant of John Alden and 
Priscilla Mullins. Pie graduated from 
Kimball Union Academy, Meriden, 






J. Daniel Porter 



as valedictorian of his class in 1907 
and from Dartmouth College with 
degree of B.S. in 1911. 

He is unmarried, by occupation a 
farmer and lumberman, a member 



The X. H\ Slate Government of 1910-14 



111 



of the Congregational Church at 
Meriden and an active worker in the 
Christian Endeavor and Y. 3VL C. A. 

societies. He is a member of the 
iocal ; Pomona and State Granges, and 
an officer in the two former. 

In 1910 he took the census of 
Plainfield. In 1911, when Plainfield 
celebrated its one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary he gave the historical ad- 
dress. He is president of the Sullivan 
Count}' Farmer's Bureau, an organi- 
zation that, by help of a county farm 



he has proved an earnest and con- 
vincing speaker. He is one of the 
youngest members of the House, 
and he has made good. 

E. Percy Stoddard. 
The "live" member of the Ports- 
mouth delegation, this year, as last, 
is E. Percy Stoddard, of Ward Two, 
the hustling young colleague of the 
venerable Lewis Brewster. Mr. Stod- 
dard was born in Portsmouth January 
2, 1S77. the son of D. Fox and Mary 



r ■*'<?<- -^ '■■:?:"■■ 



i 



E. Percy Stodc'ard 



expert, has for its object "Better meth- 
ods of farming. ' ? 

Election to the state Legislature 
gave Mr. Porter his first public office. 
He has rendered valuable service on 
the Public Health Committee, which 
has handled some very important 
measures. 

In March last he was elected one 
of the selectmen of Plainfield. 

As an advocate of a measure, before 
a committee or on floor of the House, 

4 



(Pendexter) Stoddard. He was edu- 
cated at the Portsmouth High School 
and Dartmouth College, and engaged 
in journalistic work for some years 
in Portsmouth, as a reporter on the 
Times, and as local representative of 
the Manchester Union. From 1903 
to 1907 he was Deputy U. S. Marshal 
for the New Hampshire district. Since 
that time he has been engaged in a 
General Insurance and Real Estate 
business in Portsmouth. 



112 



The Gfanite Monthly 



He served efficiently in the last 
House, lending the valiant contest for 
an armory in Portsmouth. This year 
he has been prominently at the front 
as a u stand pat" Republican, and ac- 
tive in marshaling the party forces in 
the Senatorial struggle. His commit- 
tee assignments are on Education and 
'National Affairs. 

Mr. Stoddard was a councilman at 
large in the Portsmouth City Gov- 
ernment in 1910. He is a Congrega- 
tional ist; a Mason of the 32d degree, 
eommandery and shrine; a Knight of 



i W 



a i 



Thomas P. Waterman 

Pythias, and a member of the War- 
wick, Country and Athletic Clubs of 
Portsmouth. He is unmarried. 

Thomas P. Waterman 

Thomas P. Waterman, of the Leb- 
anon delegation in the House, is a 
descendant of one of the firsU.settlers 
of that town — Silas Waterman. His 
grandfather, Thomas, being the first 
male child born in town. He was 
born at West Lebanon, December 10, 
1844, the son of Silas and Sarah 
(Wood) Waterman; was educated at 



Kimball Union Academy. Meriden, 
and has been engaged all his life in 
the lumber business, having a mill 
on the Maseoma located on the first 
privilege utilized by the early settlers. 

Mr. Waterman has been long at 
the front in public affairs in Lebanon, 
and is now serving his fourteenth year 
as a member of the board of selectmen. 
He was elected to the Legislature in 
1S7S, and again the following year, 
and was a delegate in the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1912. He is 
a trustee of the West Lebanon public 
library and of Rockland Academy, 
and also a member of the Langdon 
Club of Lebanon, and of Lebanon 
Grange, Pomona of Husbandry, and 
of the Maseoma Pomona Grange. He 
attends the Congregational Church. 
December 11, 1SSG, he united in 
marriage with Miss Rosamond Wood. 
They have no children, one daughter 
dying in infancy. 

Mr. Waterman is a member of the 
House Committee on Banks. He has 
been faithful in his attendance and 
devoted to his duties, being, as he ex- 
presses it, always ready to do his part 
toward ''keeping the world moving." 

Frank L. Eastman. 

Among the new members of the 
House at this session is Frank Leslie 
Eastman, Democrat, of Weare, an. ex- 
tensive farmer and lumberman, and a 
member of the Committee on Agricul- 
ture, who has been heard upon various 
questions on the floor and has taken 
a lively interest in the proceedings. 

Mr. Eastman was born in Weare, 
December 15, 1857, was educated in 
his native town, and married Miss 
Lucy F. Dodge of Antrim, February 
27, 1879. Thev have one son, Charles 
F., born May 22, 1882, who married 
Ethel Bailey of North Weare, and they 
have a son and daughter, Scott F., 
born April 24, 1907, and Mildred H., 
June 11, 1909. Mr. Eastman has a 
large stock farm at South Weare, 
owns about 3,000 acres of land in all 
and carries on extensive lumbering 
operations. He keeps some twenty 



The X. H. State Government of 1913-14 



113 



horses, among which are 1he famous 
stallions "Arcadias, Jr.'' and " Dandy 
Slasher, Jr.," 125 head of cattle, and 



/ 





Fraak L. Eastman 

250 sheep, besides hogs and poultry. 
He raises about thirtrv acres of corn 
for ensilage with which to fill his five 
silos. He also does an extensive 
business in the production of fine 
maple syrup, making two or three 
hundred gallons annually. 

Although adhering unflinchingly to 
Democratic party principles, Mr. 
Eastman is liberal in his religious 
preferences. He is a director of the 
Weare Mutual Fire Insurance Com- 
pany and has served his town four 
years as a member of the board of 
selectmen. 



In May, 1910, he bought the grist 
mill and grain store of C. W. Adams 
at Warner and, with Fred W, Courser 
of that town has since carried on a 
thriving business there, under the 
firm name of Shaw & Courser. Mr. 
Shaw personally directs the affairs 
of both mills and also carries on his 
one hundred acre farm in Salisbury. 

In politics he is a Democrat and 
as such has held the office of town 
clerk for four years, besides various 
other offices and was elected by his 
party, in a sharp contest, last Novem- 
ber, as the town's representative at 
the present session of the General 
Court, serving as a member of the 
Committee on County Affairs. 

Air. Shaw is an active member of 
the Salisbury Baptist Church, of 
which he has been a deacon for 
eight years, and whose work he has 



M 



t i 



% 



Lew t is C. Shaw 

Lewis C. Shaw, representative from 
the town of Salisbury, was born there, 
January 12, 1878, and educated in 
the public schools, at Pioctor Acad- 
emy and the New Hampton Literary 
Institution. Completing his studies 
at the age of 19, he entered into 
partnership with his father in the 
grist mill and grain business at West 
Salisbury, and since that time has 
successfully directed the business. 



Lewis C. Shaw 

actively supported. He is a member 
of Blackwater Council, No. 17, Junior 
O. U. A. M., a past master of Bartlett 
Grange, P. of IF, and an Odd Fellow, 
including camp and canton. 

On October 5, 1904, he married 
Alice E. Sleeper of Franklin. They 
have three children. 



114 The Granite Monthly 

THE SINGING OF THE ANGELS 

By Cyrus A. Stone 

One day I heard the angels sing, 
The same sweet voices that of old 

Announced the coming Saviour-king, 
In far-off Bethlehem's shepherd fold. 

They sang of life in Paradise, 

Of souls that, through the gates of birth, 

Came trooping downward from the skies 
To walk the sunny vales of earth. 

And then they sang, that golden day, 
With harp and voice in time and tune, 

Of mirthful childhood at its play, 
Out on the summer hills of June. 

They sang of youth, its scenes reviewed, 
The hope in every heart that dwells, 

And, in each stirring interlude. 

Waked the glad sound of bridal bells. 

r . They sang of manhood, wise and strong, 

Stainless and dauntless in the fight 
To shield the timid weak from wrong, 
To battle bravely for the right. 

They sang the harvest song of age, 

When fruitful fields are bare and brown, 

The glory of the closing page 

That brightens when the sun goes down. 

They sang of the immortal land, ~ 
Beyond the shadows of the tomb, 

Of kindred spirits, hand in hand, 

That roam the fields of fadeless bloom. 

A land of light, of joy and song, 

Of wondrous love and matchless grace, 

Where, through the eternal summer long, 
The pure in heart shall see God's face. 

Then softly died their notes away, 
Like wavelets on a tranquil shore, • 

And yet the strains I heard that day 
Will cheer and charm forevermore. 

And fairer scenes shall greet my view, 
A sweeter life the years shall bring, 

And truth shall prove more grandly true 
Because I heard the angels sing. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE STATE TREASURERS 

By H. H. Metcalf 



Since the organization of the pro- 
vincial government,, in 1680, twenty- 
seven different men have held the 
office of treasurer, the average term 
of service being about nine years. 
Several of them served but a single 
year each, while others have held the 
position for long terms, one of the 
most extended being that of the last., 
incumbent, the veteran Col. Solon A. 
Carter, who served from 1872 to 1874 
and again from 1876 to the present 
year, making thirty-nine years in all. 

Richard Martin, the first treasurer, 
under the provincial government, 
served from 1680 to 1689, and again 
from 1692 to 1699, making sixteen 
years in all. James Graham held the 
office from 1689 to 1692. Joseph 
Smith served for the first part of 1699 
and Samuel -Penhallow for the balance 
of the year, and until 1726, mak- 
ing over twenty-seven years in all. 
George Jaffrey held the office from 
1726 till 1732 and again from 1742 to 
1775, making a total of thirty-nine 
years, or a term of service equalling 
that completed by Colonel Carter. 
Nicholas Gilman served from 1775 
till 1783, his term covering the period 
of the Revolutionary War; John T. 
Gilman from 1783 till 1789. and again 
from 1791 to 1794, and William Gor- 
don from 1787 to 1791. Oliver Pea- 
bod}', who was the second treasurer, 
under the present State Constitution, 
following John T. Gilman in 1794, 
served ten years, till 1804, when he 
was succeeded by Nathaniel Gilman 
who held the office till 1809, when 
Thomas W. Thompson took it for 
two years, Air. Gilman again succeed- 
ing in 1811, and continuing till 1814 
when William A. Kent came in, re- 
maining till 1816. William Pickering 
was the incumbent from 1816 to 1828. 

It ma}- be of interest to note that 
the records of the office, as preserved 
a t the State House, go back no fur- 



ther than 1817, in the early part of 
Mr. Pickering's incumbency, an ex- 
amination of the same showing that 
the state tax for that year was $29,- 
970, and the entire expenditure of the 
government for all purposes amounted 
to $65,610.58. 

Samuel Morril succeeded William 
Pickering in 182S, serving but a sin- 
gle year, when Mr. Pickering again 
came in, but served only another year. 
Abner Kelly was the incumbent from 
1830 to 1837, and Zenas Clement 
from 1837 to 1843, when John At- 
wood came in for a three years' term, 
James Peverly, Jr. taking the office 
in 1846, only to surrender it to Mr. 
Atwood the year following, who 
served for another three years, till 
1850, when Edson Hill -was made 
treasurer, continuing till 1853. Wai- 
ter Harriman held the office from 
1853 to 1S55, when the "Know Noth- 
ing" overturn left him "outside the 
breast works," and William Berry 
was chosen in his place, continuing 
for two years. 

It may be noted that the total re- 
ceipts of the government for the fiscal 
year ending May 31, 1855 — the last 
year of the old Democratic regime — 
amounted to $151,351.45, while the 
total expenditures, ordinary and ex- 
traordinary, were $157,807.69. 

Peter Sanborn succeeded William 
Berry, in 1857. and served fourteen 
years, till 1871, when the Democrats, 
combining with the Labor Reformers, 
controlled the legislature and elected 
Col. Leander W. Cogswell to the office. 
He held but one year, when the Re- 
publicans regained control and made 
Col. Solon A. Carter treasurer, who 
held two years, when there was an- 
other overturn and the Democrats 
elected Josiah G. Dearborn. His in- 
cumbency was only for a year, the 
Republicans again returning to power 
in 1875, when they again elected 



lit* 






le&&V&&*t£ 



New Hampshire Stale Treasurers 



117 



Colouel Carter who continued to the 
present 3 ear. 

The increase in the magnitude of 
the state's financial business, and the 
growing importance of the treasurer's, 
office, are shown by the fact that the 
total annual receipts and expenditures 
had increased to about a million dol- 
lars, in round numbers, in 1875, while 
for the last fiscal year, ending August 
31, 1012, the total receipts were 
$2,797,894.59, and the disbursements 
b2;514,054.43. 

Aside from Colonel Carter, and the 
present incumbent — 'George E. Far- 
rand of Penacook — who was elected 
by the present legislature in January 
and entered upon the duties of the 
office February 1, 'Hon. Josiah G. 
Dearborn of Weare, who served under 
the last previous Democratic admin- 
istration — that of Gov. James A. 
Weston — from June, 1874, to 1875, is 
the only man now living who has held 
the office of state treasurer. An ex- 
tended biographical sketch of Colonel 
Carter was presented in the Granite 
Monthly for August, 1909. Some 
mention of Mr. Dearborn may appro- 
priately be made in this connection. 

Hon. Josiah G. Dearborn 

Josiah Green Dearborn was born in 
the town of Weare, March 20, 1829, 
being the son of Josiah and Sarah 
(Green) Dearborn of that town, and 
of the seventh generation from God- 
frey Dearborn, who came from Exeter, 
England, and was a member of the 
company, who, under the leadership 
of Rev. John Wheeiock, founded a 
settlement at Exeter, in New Hamp- 
shire in 1639. His grandfather, Jo- 
siah, settled in Weare about 1791, 
and the family has since been promi- 
nent in the affairs of that town. 

He gained his early education in 
the public schools and at Frances- 
town Academy, began teaching school, 
winters, when quite young, and, en- 
joying the occupation, resolved to fit 
himself thoroughly for the same, for 
which purpose he entered the first 
normal school established in New 



England, at New Britain, Conn., from 
which he graduated in 1S5S. He 
taught for several years in the schools 
of Manchester, first in the Center 
Street School, and then in the Man- 
chester Street intermediate and, in 
the spring of 1861, became master of 
the Franklin Street Grammar School, 
where he remained till 1865 when he 
went to Boston, as sub-master of the 
Lyman Grammar School, continuing 
for five years, when, upon examina- 
tion, he was promoted to the position 
of one of the master of the Boston 
Latin School, serving till 1874. Dur- 
ing his second year in the Lyman 
School he entered the senior class 
at Dartmouth College, a substitute 
teacher being furnished by the city 
during his absence and graduated with 
the class in June, 1867. 

Meanwhile he had represented the 
town of Weare in the New Hampshire 
legislature in 1854 and 1855, and while 
also engaged in teaching a portion of 
the time, held the office of register of 
probate for the County of Hillsbor- 
ough from I860 to 1865. 

At the session of the legislature4n 
June, 1874, the Democrats being in 
power, Mr. ' Dearborn, who had re- 
signed as master of the Boston Latin 
School, was elected state treasurer, 
and performed the duties of the office 
for the year following, going out with 
the return of the Republican party to 
power in 1875. 

Soon after his retirement from office 
as treasurer he was elected superin-^ 
tendent of schools for the City of 
Manchester, but held the office little 
more than one year when he retired, 
having taken up the study of law with 
Hon. Joseph W. Fellows. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1879, and engaged 
in practice in Manchester until his 
appointment as postmaster of that 
city by President Cleveland, April 21, 
1886, the duties of which office he per- 
formed with conspicuous fidelity for 
four years. 

Mr. Dearborn served in 1885 as a 
member of the Board of Education in 
Manchester. He was also a member 
of the committee chosen by the town 



r. 



HON. GEORGE E. FARRAND 
State Treasurer 



l/S 



New Hampshire State Treasurers 



119 



of Weare to arrange for and supervise 
the publication of the history of the 
town, which work, edited by William 
Little, Esq., was issued in 1888, and is 
one of the most complete and com- 
prehensive of our Xew Hampshire 
town histories. For the last twenty 
years he has been a trustee of the 
Merrimack River Savings Bank of 
Manchester, and for the last twelve 
years one of the auditors of Hills- 
borough County. 

Mr. Dearborn married, October 1G, 
1851, Sabrina L. Havden of Sharon, 
Vt., who died August 14, 1S80. They 
had four daughters, the first-born 
of whom died at the age of eleven 
years. Julia A., the eldest of the three 
surviving, is the wife of Luther C. 
Baldwin, superintendent of the U. S. 
Bobbin & Shuttle Co.. of Providence, 
R. 1. Cora M., unmarried, has been 
a teacher for many years. Josephine 
C, the youngest, who was a successful 
teacher for some time, is the wife of 
G. F. Russell, paper manufacturer, of 
Lawrence', -Mass. 

For some years past, Mr. Dearborn, 
who, although now eighty-four years 
of age, is in good health and keenly 
alive to all the progressive move- 
ments of the times, though not ac- 
tively engaged in any line of business, 
has passed his summers at the old 
homestead at South Weare, which 
he owns, and which has been held by 
the family for more than a century, 
while spending the winter largely with 
his daughters. 

Although of ''orthodox" ancestry, 
Mr. Dearborn is broadly liberal in his 
religious views, and, politically, has 
been a real " Progressive" all his life. 
He believes in government for the 
protection of the people, rather than 
as an agency for plundering the 
many for the benefit of the few. and 
holds to the good old Jeffersonian doc- 
trine reiterated by Grover Cleveland, 
that "public office is a public trust." 
He has been a student of sociological 
problems all his life and every ques- 
tion arising which affects the well- 
being of the people at large, or any 
class thereof, commands his interest 



and engages his attention, and his in- 
fluence is always on the side of right 
and justice, as he sees it. regardless of 
the currents of popular opinion, or 
the dictates of individual prejudice. 

Hon. George E. Farrand 

When, in January last, the matter 
of the election of state officers came 
up in the legislature, neither of the 
two old parties having a majority of 
the membership on joint ballot, and 
the reelection of. Edward X. Pearson, 
Republican incumbent, as secretary of 
state had been practically agreed upon, 
the Democratic leaders looked about 
to find a man as a candidate for state 
treasurer, who could not only com- 
mand the full strength of his own 
party but also secure that of the Pro- 
gressives. After careful consideration 
they decided upon George E. Farrand 
of Penacook as the strongest candi- 
date they could present, and he was, 
accordingly, nominated. The result 
proved the selection to have been 
wisely made, as he received, substan- 
tially, the entire Progressive as well 
as the Democratic vote in the joint 
convention, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. 

Air. Farrand is a native of Pena- 
cook (Ward One, Concord), born 
May 1, 1872, a son of William and 
Elizabeth A. (Jones) Farrand. He 
was educated in the schools of Pena- 
cook and Manchester (his parents re- 
siding for two or three years in his 
boyhood in the latter city). After 
leaving school he was for some time 
engaged in the wood and coal busi- 
ness at Penacook, but for the last ten 
years has been engaged in general 
merchandise, carrying on an extensive 
business. 

He has always taken a lively inter- 
est in public affairs; has been an offi- 
cer in the school district, a member of 
the Board of Trade and an active 
worker in the Democratic party, as a 
member of the ward, city and state 
committees. He was elected to the 
legislature of 1909 from Ward One, 
serving on the Committee on Incor- 



120 



The Granite Monthly 



porations and was reelected for the fol- 
lowing session, when he was clerk of the 
Democratic caucus organization,, and 
served on the Committee on Ways and 
Means, and the Committee on Mileage, 
of which he was clerk,, and also on the 
important special committee on Rail- 
road Rates, of which he was also 
clerk. It was through efficient service 
upon this latter committee, whose 
duties were delicate, arduous and pro- 
tracted, that he commanded the atten- 
tion and confidence of the men who 
actively promoted his candidacy for 
the position he now holds. At the 
two previous elections he had been 
his party's candidate for representa- 
tive and ran ahead of his ticket. 

At the special election in March, 
1912, Mr. Farrand was chosen a dele- 



gate from his ward to the Constitu- 
tional Convention holden in June 
following, in winch body he was 
honored by appointment as a member 
of the Committee on Finance. 

Mr. Farrand registered as a candi- 
date for the Democratic nomination 
for state senator in District Xo. 
Eleven at the last primary; and. al- 
though devoting little personal at- 
tention to the matter, was defeated by 
Senator Rogers, the successful aspir- 
ant, by a very narrow margin. He is 
a member of the Knights of Pvthias. 

June 21, 1S99, Mr. Farrand united 
in marriage with Miss Ruth A. Minot 
of Concord. They have two children, 
both daughters — Elizabeth Howland, 
born January 22, 1901, and Mary 
Minot, born February 15, 1903. 



IN THE SPRINGTIME 

By Delia Honey 

Out among the sugar maples, 

When the snow is almost gone, 
When the sap drips in the bucket, 

I will wander all alone — 
All alone — why did I say it? - 

Here are robin, and bluebird, 
Here's the busiest little squirrel, 

And the crow and jay are heard. 

Rattling, rustling are the dead leaves, 

As I wade through hollows deep, 
Looking for the tiny violet, 

And the sweet spring beauty's peep; 
Bloodroot, pure and white as milk, 

Partridge-vine with berries red, 
Oh, how green and fresh it looks 

On its soft and mossv bed. 



Lonely — don't you ever think it — 

For it thrills me through and through 
With the memory of the old days 

That can ne'er come back to you — 
When I've wandered in the wild wood, 

Gathering flowers, wild and sweet, 
Peeping up through moss and dry leaves, 

Opening at my lingering feet. 



fi 



A FIREFLY BRINGS IT TO LIGHT 

Translated from the German by FAlen McRoberts Mason 



In the village of Opitz, near Rudolf- 
stadt in Thuringia, there dwelt a 
poor widow named Marie Heim. She 
lived in a small but neat cottage that 
was surrounded by an orchard. On 
the evening of a hot summer day she 
sat at the open window of her cottage 
to rest awhile after the burden and 
heat of the day, and to breathe in 
refreshment and strength with the 
delicious fragrance of the new-mown 
grass. Near her stood her little son 
Adolph, a lad of six years, who fresh 
and gay, looked out into the bright 
moonlight. 

Though the poor woman sat there 
to somewhat refresh herself after her 
hard day ? s work, yet a heavier burden 
oppressed her than was caused by 
her bodily weariness. Of their even- 
ing meal, a dish of bread and milk, 
she had eaten barely two spoonfuls, 
and the little Adolph was much dis- 
turbed by this, and became very 
quiet as he saw his mother so sad. 

Marie had been a widow only since 
the beginning of the last spring. Her 
deceased husband, who was pious and 
honest, had by industry and econ- 
omy got together enough money— not 
without going into debt, however — 
to buy the cottage, together with the 
fine grass plat. The industrious man 
had planted the green garden plen- 
tifully with young trees that already 
bore beautiful fruit. The pair lived 
in the happiest wedlock and through 
their united diligence became all the 
time more prosperous. Then came 
typhus fever in the village and 
snatched the hard-working young man 
away. Marie too was taken down, 
and only narrowly escaped death 
herself. 

Through the death of her husband, 
as well as from her own long sickness, 
the woman had become poor, and 
now she must lose her little house too. 
Her departed husband had for a long 
time worked for the richest farmer, 
the so-called "head farmer" of the 



village. The farmer respected him 
for his honesty and industry, and had 
advanced him three hundred guldens 
to buy the cottage and garden, for 
which her husband was to pay off 
twenty-five guldens yearly, and an 
equal sum in work. He had done 
this regularly up to the time of his 
sickness, and at his death the amount 
of the debt was only fifty guldens. 
Marie knew all this very well. 

Suddenly the head farmer died of 
the same sickness. The heirs found 
the bond for the three hundred 
guldens amongst the papers left by 
the deceased. Of the whole story 
they knew not a word, as the deceased 
had never spoken of it. They now 
demanded from the poor widow, the 
entire sum. 

The frightened woman asserted, and 
called God to witness, that her hus- 
band had paid all but the last fifty 
guldens; but as she could not prove 
that anything had been paid, the 
whole debt was declared valid by the 
court, and as the poor Marie could 
not raise the money, her little prop- 
erty would have to be sold. Mother 
and son, on bended knees, begged the 
heirs not to turn them out; but all 
their pleading and tears helped not 
the least. The day of the auction 
had been set for the morrow. 

This was the reason she was so 
wretched as she sat by the open 
window. " God knows, " thought she, 
"where we shall find a lodging to- 
morrow night; perhaps nowhere but 
under the open sky.'' 

Then the little Adolph, who had 
not moved till now, came nearer to 
her side, and said, sobbing, "Mother, 
do not cry so bitterly. Don't you 
know what father said when he was 
dying there on the bed? ' Weep not, ' 
he said, 'God is the orphans' father, 
and the widow's provider. Call on 
Him in the time of need, and he will 
take care of you. 7 " 

Both now folded their hands and 



122 



The Granite Monthly 



raised their tear-wet eyes to Heaven, 
and the little Adoiph repeated word 
for word after his mother, the prayer 
in which she gave expression to her 
feelings. \ 

Suddenly the boy interrupted her 
sobbing and called out with a loud 
voice and outstretched fore finger: 

"Oh, Mother, just see what that 
is! There is a little candle floating! 
How beautiful and bright it shines! 
Now it is floating along on the ceiling 
of the room! That is wonderful!'' 

"It is a St. John's beetle, dear 
Adoiph," said his mother, "in the 
daytime it is only a common little bug, 
but at night it has a beautiful glow." 

"May I catch it?" asked the little 
boy; "would it do anything to me?" 

"It will not burn you," said his 
mother, and smiled, though her cheeks 
were covered with tears. " Just catch 
it, and look at it closer. It is really 
one of God's wonders." 

The lad had forgotten all his sad- 
ness now, and tried to catch the 
flashing firefly that was floating 
nearer to the floor, under the table 
and then under a chair. 

"Oh, dear me!" cried Adoiph. The 
gleaming insect — just as he put out 
his hand ■ to grasp it — had hidden 
itself behind the great chest. He 
peeped under the chest. "I see it 
very plainly," said he; "it sits there 
on the wall, but I can't get it, my 
arm is too short." 

"Only have patience," said the 
mother, "it will come out again soon." 

The boy waited a little while and 
then came to his mother's side and said 
.in a soft, pleading voice: "Mother, 
just push the chest a little bit away 
from the wall, and [then I can catch 
it easy enough." 

His mother got up and moved the 
chest, and the lad now seized the 
firefly and looked 'at it with unspeak- 
able delight. But his mother's atten- 
tion was drawn to somethings else. 
As she moved the chest, something 
that was stuck fast between the chest 
and the wall, had fallen to the floor. 
She picked it up, and gave a loud 
scream. 



"God be thanked." she cried, "now 
all at once, we are helped out of our 
trouble. That is the last year's 
almanac that I hunted for so long, 
in vain." She immediately lighted 
a candle and with tears of joy, looked 
through the almanac. In it was 
carefully written down, what in the 
course of the year, her deceased hus- 
band had worked out and paid off 
on the three hundred guldens he had 
owed. There was yet left, as said 
before, a residue of only fifty guldens 
beside. 

The mother clasped her hands 
together with joy, embraced her child 
and exclaimed in rapture: "Adoiph, 
thank the dear God with me, for now 
we shall be allowed to stav in our 
house." 

"Isn't it the truth," said the boy, 
"that I am the cause of it? If I 
hadn't begged you so, to move the 
chest, vou wouldn't have found the 
book!"' 

The mother stood silent and per- 
plexed and then said: Oh, my child, 
that has God done. Without God's 
will falls not even a hair of our heads. 
It is easy for him to help and to save. 
He does not need to send a shining 
angel to save us, he can accomplish it 
with a little winged worm." 

The mother could not sleep for joy. 
Soon after daybreak she went her way 
to the judge. The judge sent for the 
heir, the young head farmer. He 
came, acknowledged the correctness 
of the account, and was very much 
ashamed that he had charged the 
woman with dishonesty. 

But as the widow related the whole 
story of the appearance of the glow- 
ing fire-fly, the young head-peasant 
stood there much moved, and said 
with tears in his eyes: "Yes. it is so, 
God is a father to the fatherless, and 
a provider for the widow. To make- 
up for the worry I have caused you, I 
will give you the fifty guldens, and if 
you come to need, in any other way, 
then come to me, and I will divide my 
last Kreutzer with you. For now I 
see clearly that 'Who in God trusts, 
has well tilled'." 



K23 



THE GROWTH OF INTERNATIONAL UNITY 

By William H\ Thayer 



Historians have usually been able 
to select some predominating- tendency 
by which the events of each century 
or period of history can best be char- 
acterized. Thus the seventeenth cen- 
tury has been called the period of the 
wars of religion; the eighteenth, that 
of the struggle for the balance of 
power; and the nineteenth, that of 
the rise and growth of nationalities. 
In the nineteenth century, the prob- 
lems of Italian, of German and of 
American national unity were all 
worked out, "not by speeches and 
parliamentary majorities," but "-'by 
blood and iron." By 1870 or 1878, 
almost every nation had either defi- 
nitely succeeded or definitely failed 
in solving its problem of national 
unity and independence. The period 
of the rise and growth of nationalities 
came to a definite end, and the present 
period of history began. As this 
period is still in the making, it would 
be somewhat venturesome to give it 
any definite characterization at the 
present time. Its' predominating ten- 
dency may perhaps be economic and 
social development as distinguished 
from the national and political devel- 
opment which preceded it. Without 
in any way presuming to decide this 
question, the present article is an 
attempt to point out some of the 
reasons why the present period may 
well be characterized as the period of 
the growth of international, as dis- 
tinguished from national, unity. Just 
as the preceding period was marked 
by the growth of the independence of 
nations, so the present period may be 
marked by the growth of the inter- 
dependence of nations. 

The most serious objection to this 
theory will probably be that the 
unprecedented increase in the cost 
and size of armies and navies during 
the last ten or fifteen years denotes 
the growth of international hostility 



rather than international friendship. 
Yet it should be noted that our sub- 
ject is international unity, and not 
international friendship — a term which 
has a somewhat different significa- 
tion. Thus the growth of the Amer- 
ican navy dating from 1898, whether 
or not it. indicates that our relations 
with foreign nations have become 
more amicable, is due to the fact that 
as a result of the Spanish War we 
became a world power with vital 
interests to protect in both hemi- 
spheres. In other words, the increase 
of the American navy is not so much 
a Declaration of Independence from 
foreign nations as it is a Declaration 
of Interdependence upon foreign 
nations. We have been brought into 
closer contact with all parts of the 
world than ever before, and in that 
sense world unity has been promoted. 
Similarly, the quadrupling of German 
naval expenditure between 1897 and 
1911 is due, not to a policy of national 
isolation, but to a desire for colonial 
and commercial expansion; and the 
doubling of British naval expenditure 
within the same period is due to the 
firm conviction that England's pros- 
perity and existence depend upon the 
maintenance of communications with 
her colonies in all parts of the world 
and with those foreign countries from 
which her food supplies are drawn. 

Yet it must be admitted that the 
naval rivalry behveen Germany and 
England is fraught with great danger. 
A writer in the FortnigJttly Review has 
suggested that ever since the Xorman 
Conquest there has been a tendency 
for continental European powers to 
consolidate under the aegis of the 
strongest continental power. This 
tendency has always been opposed by 
England and has always resulted in 
great European wars — at the end of 
the sixteenth century, of England 
against Philip II; at the end of the 



124 



The Granite Monthly 



seventeenth century, of England 
against Louis XIV; and at the end of 
the eighteenth and beginning of the 
nineteenth century, of England against 
the French Revolution and Napo- 
leon. The end of the nineteenth and 
the beginning of the twentieth century 
have already passed without a war 
between England and the strongest 
continental power. If by the growth 
of international unity the outbreak 
of such a war can be permanently 
"averted, the world's history can record 
no greater triumph in the cause of 
universal peace; and even though 
such a war does actually occur, it 
may result in the promotion rather 
than in the impairment of interna- 
tional friendship, by removing the 
causes of friction, just as friendship 
between the United States and Spain 
has never been more firmly estab- 
lished than since the war of 1898. 

But the growth of militarism does 
not mean an increase in the number 
of wars. 

/'Since the completion of German 
and Italian unity . . . there has 
been in all Europe — except the semi- 
barbaric Balkan countries — no war, 
either large or small. It is the first 
time that Europe has lived through 
so long a period of absolute peace. 
. . . The fear of war which has 
become much more horrible than in 
former times acts as a check on hostile 
feelings. "■* 

In view of these facts, increase in 
armaments does not in itself seem a 
sufficient reason to prevent the present 
age from being characterized as the 
period of the growth of international 
unity. Whether this characteriza- 
tion is correct will depend upon the 
more positive factor? to be considered. 

As has been already suggested, the 
present age is a period of great eco- 
nomic and social changes, but these 
changes are being accomplished more 
than ever before: — first, by following 
the examples of other nations; and 
secondly, by international cooperation 
and consultation. 

*Seignobos — A Political History of Europe 
*La Fondation de L Empire AUemand, p. 2. 



In economic and social, just as in 
military development, other nations 
have followed the leadership of Ger- 
many. This fact is frankly recognized 
even by Germany's worst enemies. 
As said by Professor Denis of the 
University of Paris:* 

"The prestige of unprecedented 
triumphs has naturally increased their 
reputation; their methods have been 
imitated and their conduct copied; 
to them have turned the nations who 
formerly looked to the school of 
France for the termination of their 
humanities: their books and their 
reviews furnish doctrines to the 
greater part of the modern world; 
they impose their systems, their cus- 
toms, and almost their tastes, and 
their writers from Karl Marx to 
Wagner and Nietzsche originate 
almost all the ideas by which the 
world of to T ay is inspired.' 7 

For example, the system of indus- 
trial insurance against accidents or of 
Workmen's Compensation Acts which 
is now established in almost all civil- 
ized countries of the world except the 
United States may be said to have 
its origin in the famous message of 
the German Emperor in 18S1 which 
laid down the principle that tne state 
owes nelp to ki its needy members" 
not only "as a simple duty of human- 
ity and Christianity" but as "a task 
of self preservation." And in the 
same way, altnough not to as great 
an extent, the German example has 
been followed in regard to old age 
pensions and labor exchanges. 

But there is not only a growing 
tendency for nations to follow the 
successful example of other nations. 
There is also a growing tendency for 
them to work out their mutual prob- 
lems by cooperation and consultation. 
This tendency is illustrated by the 
numerous international congresses 
of recent growth which deal with 
economic, social, or international 
problems, such as socialism, prisons, 
unemployment, public and private 
charities, free trade or universal peace, 
since 1814, p. 831. 



The Growth of International Unity 



125 



Certainly such congresses promote 
world unity as well as world progress. 

In a speech to the Americans at 
Oxford University, Rudyard Kipling 
once illustrated the growth of world 
unity, by a conversation which he 
had had with the engineer of a trans- 
atlantic steamer who cared nothing 
for the degrees of M. A. and B. A., but 
recognized only the degrees of lati- 
tude and longitude. Yet owing to 
recent improvements in navigation 
the engineer was grieved to find that 
even these degrees were rapidly dis- 
appearing and time and space were 
becoming negligible quantities. The 
world was shrinking so rapidly that 
we must change our conceptions and 
become not only go'od Americans or 
good Englishmen but also good " plan- 
et ari an: s." 

Kipling's ideas, though somewhat 
quaintly expressed, illustrate the value 
of faster, better and cheaper means of 
communication in promoting inter- 
national unity. Thus recent improve- 
ments and reductions in our foreign 
postal service become important. As 
has been said by Secretary Knox, 
'"'Every man who sends a letter from 
New York to Tokio with quick dis- 
patch for a fee of only five cents 
knows that he owes this privilege to- 
an international agreement, and feels 
himself by virtue of it a citizen of the 
world." 

An even more important factor than 
foreign postal service is foreign trade. 
*\ hen the traveler in foreign countries 
has seen American Quaker Oats and 
English assorted biscuits resting side 
by side upon the shelves of a small 
country store in Belgium, when he 
has seen the sign "Mellins Food" 
occupying one of the most prominent 
places in the streets of Berlin, when 
he has seen modern American printing 
machines in full operation at the 
Clarendon Press, he begins to realize 
that foreign trade means increased 
knowledge of foreign countries and 
that increased knowledge means in- 
creased friendship. 

There is a story of a certain man 
"tt'ho in walking along the street said , 



to his companion, "Did you notice 
that man we just passed? Well, I 
hate him/ 5 "Do you know him?" 
asked his companion. "No, I don't 
want to know him," was the reply. 
"If I did, I shouldn't hate him." This 
story is as applicable to nations as it 
is to individuals. 

During the twentieth century, 
knowledge of foreign countries has 
rapidly advanced not only through 
the increase of foreign trade and 
foreign travel, but also through more 
intimate educational relations. It is 
scarcely necessary to mention the 
numerous international scholarships 
and exchange professorships founded 
within the past few years. The sys- 
tem of Rhodes scholarships which has 
been in operation in the British col- 
onies since the autumn of 1903 and 
which was rapidly extended to include 
the United States and Germany, was 
founded by Cecil Rhodes, not because 
he desired to give a gratuitous educa- 
tion to ignorant foreigners, but be- 
cause, as he expressed it in his will, 
"an understanding between the three 
great powers will render war impos- 
sible, and educational relations make 
the strongest ties. 7 ' But there has 
been not only an exchange of pro- 
fessors and students, but also an 
exchange of authors. It is only neces- 
sary to mention Bryce, Trevelyan, 
and Lowell, as recent examples of 
authors who have explained the his- 
tory or government of another coun- 
try as well or better than that country 
has been able to explain it for itself. 

A discussion of the rapid develop- 
ment of international law in the 
twentieth century has purposely been 
postponed, because it is only as a re- 
sult of the increased interdependence 
of nations, brought about in many 
other ways besides those which 
have already been suggested, that 
this development has been made 
possible. Professor Wilson in his 
recently published book upon Inter- 
national Law makes the statement 
that greater progress has been made 
in this subject since the year 1899 
than during the preceding three 



126 



The Granite Monthly 



hundred years. The First Hague 
Conference of 1899, the Geneva Con- 
vention of 1906, the Second Hague 
Conference of 1907, and the Declara- 
tion of London of 1909 are landmarks 
showing rapid and tangible progress 
in this subject. Arbitrations and 
arbitration treaties have increased 
and succeeded as never before. There 
was a time not long ago when the 
decisions of courts of arbitration were 
exceedingly likely to give rise to as 
much hostile feeling between the two 
litigating countries as would have 
been left as a result of actual war. It- 
is therefore interesting to note that 
the North Atlantic fisheries arbitrat- 
ion of 1910 has not only been accepted 
by England, Canada, and the United 
States without question, but has 
given satisfaction to all three coun- 
tries. At the beginning of the king's 
speech upon the dissolution of Par- 
liament and at the beginning of the 
president's message to congress, in 
the autumn or winter of 1910, the 
fisheries' arbitration occupied an 
equally prominent place and the sat- 
isfaction expressed by the king might 
well have been substituted for the 
satisfaction expressed by the presi- 
dent, and vice versa. 

Moreover, the prospects of the 
establishment of a permanent inter- 
national court of arbitration with 
permanent judges are exceedingly 
bright. The greatest obstacle to the 
usefulness of such a court is the unwil- 
lingness of nations to submit to arbi- 
tration questions involving national 
honor. This obstacle can be largely 
removed by such arbitration treaties 
as that between Norway and Sweden 
which provides that whether a dispute 
affects independence, integrity, or 
vital interests shall first be passed 
upon by the court of arbitration as a 
preliminary step; or as those pending 
between the United States and Great 
Britain and France for the arbitra- 
tion of all "justiciable" disputes. 
It can be entirely removed if the 
larger nations arc willing to follow 
the example ^ei by Belgium and Hoi- 

*Holland on Jurisprudence (lOld.) p. 302. 



land, and Chile and* Argentine Repub- 
lic, in agreeing to submit all questions 
to arbitration, without any reserva- 
tion whatsoever. In this connection, 
President Taft said in an address 
delivered in March, 1910: 

"Personally, I do not see any more 
reason why matters of national honor 
should not be referred to a Court of 
Arbitration than matters of property 
or of national proprietorship. I know 
that is going further than most men 
are willing to go, but I do not see why 
questions of honor may not be sub- 
mitted to a tribunal composed of men 
of honor who understand questions of 
national honor, to abide by their 
decision, as well as any other ques- 
tions of difference arising between 
nations." 

In March, 1911, after quoting from 
President Taft's address, Sir Edward 
Grey made the following statement 
in the House of Commons: 

"When agreement of that kind, so 
sweeping as it is, is proposed to us we 
shall be delighted to have such a 
proposal. But I should feel it was 
something so momentous and so far- 
reaching in its possible consequence 
that it would require, not only the 
signature of both governments, but 
the deliberate and decided sanction 
of Parliament, and that, I believe, 
would be obtained." 

That international law has not yet 
advanced as far as President Taft 
and Sir Edward Grey have main- 
tained that it ought, is indicated by 
the speech of the German Chancellor 
delivered about two weeks after the 
remarks of Sir Edward Grey. Herr 
von Bethman Hollweg said: 

"International treaties embracing 
the whole world and imposed by a 
world congress I consider to be as 
impossible as general disarmament." 

Yet international law lias advanced 
far beyond the theory that actual war 
is merely "the litigation of nations," 
even though that definition has been 
quoted with approval by Professor 
Holland.* The Hague tribunals are 
fast developing into an international 



The Growth of International Unity 



127 



judiciary, just as The Hague Con- 
ferences are becoming an international 
legislature, and seem to justify the 
prediction that the international law 
of the future will develop along lines 
suggested by President Taft and Sir 
Edward Grey, rather than in accord- 
ance with the views of the German 
Chancellor. 

If the results of The Hague Con- 
ferences have not been as brilliant as 
was originally expected, it must be 
remembered, that, as David Jayne 
Hill has said, "it is the function of an 
international conference simply to 
register the general average of prog- 
ress that has been attained*" Since 
international. law is simply the body 
of generally accepted principles gov- 
erning the relations among states, 
international law can advance only 
so fast as the growing interde- 
pendence of nations,, illustrated by 
the increase and rivalry of their 
armies and navies, by their cooper- 
ation in economic and social problems, 
by their improved means of commu- 



nication, by their growing foreign 
trade, by their closer educational rela- 
tions, and by their increased knowl- 
edge and understanding of each others 
characters, renders progress possible. 
In other words, as has been well said, 
there is no international sheriff and 
the sole sanction of international law 
is international public opinion. If 
international law attempts to advance 
beyond public opinion, it must either 
remain a dead letter or else it must 
depend upon armed force for its 
effectiveness, in which hitter case, it 
ceases to be international and becomes 
simply municipal. International law 
at the present moment is not a dead 
letter nor does its effectiveness depend 
upon armed force. If then, greater 
progress in international law has been 
made since 1899 than during the pre- 
ceding three hundred years, the ad- 
vance is due to the fact that the 
growth of the spirit of international 
unity in the twentieth century has 
surpassed the growth of the preceding 
three centuries. 



TRAILING ARBUTUS 

By Lucy H. Heath 

Do we not know where they grew? 

Those blossoms so modest and sweet; 
Amid luxuriant leaves 

Which trailed along at our feet? 



To the woods and hills with joy, 
We hastened with thoughts unsaid, 

When the sun had lured them forth, 
From their dark, cold, wintry bed. 

Then if we looked with care, 
We saw their sweet faces peep 

Through needles of pine, brown and sere, 
Which covered them warm while asleep. 

They whispered of love and hope, 

When our thoughts were lifted above; 

The hope of eternal life, 
And the joy of eternal love. 



128 The Granite Monthly 

MARCH 31 

By Laura Garland Carr 

Your voice, March, sings us its parting song! 

; Tis sounding now outside, rollicking, gay. 

There is no sadness in its good-by lay; 
Ad own the chimney flue 'tis piping strong. 
Does no soft, gentle tone to you belong? 

No note of tenderness through your notes stray? 

Must it be bluff and bluster every day — 
Like blaring trumpet or harsh, jarring gong? 
Sometimes you seemed to soften — just a bit — 

And I stole out to list a robin's call 
Or catch a bright tint where the bluebirds flit — • 

Then back you came again with hoot and brawl! 
Well, shout your loudest ! Make the welkin ring! 

At morning's dawn another voice will sing! 

V 

IN APRIL 

By Frances M. Pray 

In its brilliant golden splendor 

Slow the sun sinks in the west. 
And the mother bird her babies 

Hovers warm beneath her breast- 
Now the first cool breath of evening 

All the southern twilight fills, 
And my heart in thought is turning 

'Way up North among the hills. 

From the garden come the odors 

Of the violet and rose, 
And the white magnolias glisten 

As the moonlight brighter grows. 
But my fancy, April woodland 

Scenes around about me builds, 
And I smell the earthy sweetness 

Of the spring-time in the hills! 

For among their dark leaves' shelter ' / 
Mayflowers' rosy sweetness shows, 

And the nearby brook is singing- 
Free from winter's ice and snows. 

Up among the bursting leaf buds 
The first robin trills and trills. 

Oh, the sweetness of the spring-time 
Up among New England hills. 

But the days are swiftly going, 

And the time is corning fast, 
When the Southland days will be 

But dreamy memories of the past. 
Then the joy that Northward turning 

Fills the heart with happy thrills 
For the welcome that is waiting 

'Way up home among the hills. 






1^1 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. WILLIAM J. FORSAITH. 

Hon. William J. Forsaith, born in Newport, 
N. 11., April 19, 1886, died at his home on 
Longwood Ave., Brookline, Mass., February 
28, 1913. 

Judge Forsaith was the son of Josiah and 
Maria (Southworth) Forsaith, his father 
being a well known lawyer of Newport. He 
was educated at Kimball Union Academy 
and Amherst and Dartmouth Colleges, grad- 
uating from the latter in 1S50, fifty years 
after his father's graduation from the same 
institution. Following his graduation he 
took up the study of law, pursuing the same 
with Burke and Waite of Newport, at the 
Harvard Law School, and with Benjamin F. 
Hallett and Ranney and Morse of Boston. 
In May I860, he was admitted to the Suffolk 
bar and commenced practice in Boston, 
continuing successfully, till 1S72 when he 
was appointed a special justice of the Boston 
Municipal Court, which position he held ten 
years, till, in 1882, he was made an associate 
justice of that court, in which capacity he 
served with conspicuous fidelity till October 
1911, when he retired upon pension. 

He married, October 31, 1865, Annie M. 
Veazie of Bangor, Me., who died April IS, 
1SS9, leaving a son and two daughters — ■ 
William IT., Marion B., and Annie S. Forsaith. 

MRS. CARA E. WHITON-STONE. 

Cara E. Whiton-Stone, a native of Ports- 
mouth, in her eighty-second year, died at 
her home in South Boston, February 7, 1913. 

She was born Cara Hanscom, but married 
early, Lewis Whiton, a Boston business man, 
following whose death she married Col. 
Henry Stone, whom she also survived. She 
was widely famed as a poet, her verses being 
much admired, as was her presence widely 
sought in social and club circles for many 
years. She was long an active member of 
the Unitarian Church of the Disciples in 
Boston, while Rev. Charles G. Ames was the 
pastor; was a member of the New England 
Women's Club and of the New England Press 
Club. She leaves two married daughters 
living abroad. 

REV. TIMOTHY F. CLARY. 

Rev. Timothy F. Clary, the oldest surviving 
graduate of Dartmouth College, and a native 
of the city of Dover, born April 25, 1S17, 
died at his home inMattapan, Mass., Febru- 
ary 27, 1913. 

Mr. Clary was the son of Rev. Joseph W. 
and Anna (Farrar) Clary, his mother being 
a daughter of Judge Timothy Farrar of New 
Ipswich, a noted lawyer of his time, for whom 
«e was named. He graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in the class of 1841, one of his 
ejass mates being Hon. David Cross of Man- 
chester, now the only survivor of the class, 
and the oldest Dartmouth graduate, who was 



a few 7 weeks his junior. He graduated from 
Andover Theological Seminary in 1846, 
entered the Congregational ministry and held 
pastorates, successively in Thetford, Vt., 
Ashland in this state and Wareham, Mass. 
In the latter town he was chairman of the 
school board and represented it in the state 
legislature in 1S66 and 1S67. He retired from 
the ministry many years ago, taking up his 
residence in the Mattapau. district of Milton, 
which town he also served upon the school 
board and took a lively interest in public 
affairs until after his ninetieth year. 

He married Sarah S. Willard of Orford, 
N. H., in 1S52, who died in 190(5, leaving two 
daughters and three sons, who still survive. 

REV. SILAS E. QUIMBY. 

Rev. Silas E. Quimby, long a prominent 
clergyman of the N. H. Methodist Episcopal 
Conference, born at Haverhill, October 19, 
1837, died at Belief onte, I'a., February 23, 
1913. 

He was a son of Rev. Si[as Quimby, one 
of the early preachers of the Methodist 
denomination, and was educated at Tilton 
Seminary and Wesleyan University, grad- 
uating irom the latter with high honor in 
1859. He was for some years a successful 
instructor in the Vermont Conference Semi- 
nary at Newbury, but joined the New Hamp- 
shire Conference and was located as a preacher 
at Littleton in 1S62, where he remained two 
years. Fie was then recalled to the Semi- 
nary and, two years later he became its 
president, continuing until its removal to 
Montpelier in 1868, when he again entered 
the active work of the ministry ; but in 1878 
lie was elected president of the Tilton Semi- 
nary, and devoted eight years to the work 
of building up and rehabilitating that insti- 
tution, at great personal sacrifice, but with 
marked success, returning again to the 
ministry in 1886, which work he followed 
while health and strength permitted. He is 
survived by three sons and a daughter — the 
latter Mrs. Horatio Moore, at whose home 
he died. 

PROF. DAVID G. MILLER 

David G. Miller, a prominent educator, 
died at his home in Meriden February 14, 
1913. 

He was a native of Millertown, N. Y., born 
December 22, 1855. He fitted for college at 
St. Johnsbury (Vt.) Academy and graduated 
from Dartmouth in 1884 going thence to 
Meriden as principal of Kimball Union 
Academy where he continued till 1890. He 
was later for some time engaged in teaching in 
Cleveland, Ohio, and was afterward sub- 
master and later principal of the Taunton, 
Mass., high school. He married, in 1885, 
Miss Melicent Miller of Lebanon, by whom 
he is survived. A few years agot hey bought 
a home in Meriden where they resided, 



r 

! 






l3e> 



HON. JOHN 7 M. MITCHELL 



New Hampshire Necrology 



131 



HON. JOHN M. MITCHELL. 

John M. Mitchell, Associate Justice of the 
Superior Court of New Hampshire, long 
known as one of the ablest jurists of the 
State, died at his home in Concord on the 
afternoon of Tuesday, March 4, after a brief 
iilness from pneumonia, resulting from a cold 
contracted about a week previous while 
holding court in the city of Nashua. 

Judge Mitchell was born in the town of 
Plymouth. July 6, 1S49, the son of John and 
Honora (Doherty) Mitchell, who soon after 
removed to Vermont, and ultimately settled 
in the town of Salem, now a part of Derby, 
where John M. was educated, graduating 
from the famous Derby academy . He taught 
district school winters, in youth, and was 
superintending school committee for the 
town of Salem, for two years, before attaining 
his majority. He commenced the study of 
law with Edwards & Dickerman, at Derby 
but soon after, in 1870, went to Littleton in 
this state and entered the office of Harry and 
George A. Bingham, where he completed his 
-tui lies, was admitted to the bar in 1872. and 
immediately entered into partnership with 
Harry Bingham, which relation continued 
until Mr. Bingham's death in 1900, although 
in 1SS1 he removed to Concord where an 
office of the firm was also established, of winch 
he had charge. 

He attained the highest standing in his 
profession as a lawyer, and was widely known, 
as a safe and sagacious counsellor, as well as 
an eminently successful practitioner. More 
than this, he took a deep interest in public 
affairs, and in the educational and business 
interests of the community. He served two 
terms as a member of the board of selectmen 
in Littleton, and was solicitor for Grafton 
County from 1S79 till his removal to Concord. 
He represented Ward 4, Concord, in the 
state legislature in 1S93 and was a delegate 
therefrom in the Constitutional Conventions 
"f 1902 and 1912. He also served as a 
member of the State Board of Railroad 
Commissioners from 1888 to 1891. His 
continued interest in the cause of education 
was manifested by nine years' faithful service 
as a member of the Concord school board, 
a portion of the time as chairman, and as a 
member of the building committee in L'nion 
District, having charge of the construction 
of three large school houses, at an expense 
of over $150 000. He was for many years a 
trustee of the N. H. state hospital and" of the 
Margaret Pillsbury hospital. He was a 
moving spirit in the organization of the State 
Hoard of Charities and Corrections, and was 
its first president. He was also a trustee 
and president of the Loan & Trust Savings 
oank of Concord and a director of the Nati- 
onal State Capital Bank. He had been the 
\P ! *dviser of the Catholic Bishop of 
Manchester since the creation of the diocese, 
and before that he held for some time the 
same relation to the Bishop of Portland in 



New Hampshire affairs. It is proper to 
add that he was frequently consulted by 
clergy and others, in legal matters connected 
with the interests of other denominations, 
and gave his counsel and service ''without 
money and without price." He was a firm 
and consistent Catholic, but broadly tolerant 
and respectful of the opinions of others, only 
insisting that a proper regard for the principles 
and institutions of the Christian religion is 
incumbent upon every man and woman in 
the community. 

Politically he was a lifelong Democrat, of 
conservative tendencies, and a loyal and 
generous supporter of his party in all legiti- 
mate activities. He had been frequently a 
member of the Democratic State Committee, 
was president of the State Convention in 
1SSS, the Democratic candidate for U. S. 
Senator in 1903 and a delegate to the National 
Democratic Convention in 1904. He was 
regarded by many, before his sudden decease, 
as the logical and probable successor to 
Senator Gallinger in 1915, in case of Demo- 
cratic ascendancy in the state. 

September 7, 1910. he was appointed by 
Gov. Henry B. Quinby an Associate Justice 
of the Superior Court, succeeding the late 
Judge Charles F. Stone, his selection being 
urged almost universally by the bar and by 
man}'' men of prominence throughout the 
state interested in the prompt and efficient 
administration of justice, yet it was with 
no little reluctance that he surrendered his 
extensive practice and entered upon his new 
field of labor. He took up his work upon 
the bench, however, with zest and determina- 
tion, and soon manifested a capacity for the 
prompt and systematic dispatch of business 
seldom equalled and never surpassed. His 
sudden and untimely demise, mourned by 
the public at large as a universal loss, is 
most deeply felt by his associates on the 
bench, and by the members of the bar 
throughout the state, with whom he had 
been associated in his professional work 
for nearly forty years. An extended bio- 
graphical sketch of Judge Mitchell appeared 
in the Granite Monthly for May, 1907, 
to which reference may be had for family and 
other details. 

WILLIAM T. THISSELL. 

William T. Tbissell, of Mill Village, Goshen, 
a prominent citizen of that town, born in 
Newbury February 25, 1838, died at his 
home February 20, 1913. 

He was a son of the late Hiram Thissell, 
long a resident of Lempster, where he was 
himself reared and educated, and which town 
he represented in the state legislature in 
1873 and 1874, soon after removing to Goshen 
where he was also active in public affairs. 
He was an Odd Fellow, a member of the 
Grange and the Knights of Honor, and a 
trustee of the Sugar River Savings Bank at 
Newport. 



vTh-j-S* ;.v"'." i .'v WW? F"* 





13* 




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rt-BllTl 



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Corner View of Harlakenden House, Cornish, Summer Home of President Wilson 






! r 1 ! 

■ 



, ic- * ' 



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is ■ 



.-.■ 

-. ■-*. . .. . .- - 



: ,;jj 



Approach to Harlakenden House 



^s 



EDITORS AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The authentic announcement recently made 
to the effect that President Wilson has taken 
Hnrlakenden House, Winston Churchill's 
home at Cornish, for a summer residence for 
his family and Ins own vacation resort, so far 
as he is permitted to enjoy one, has been 
received with the highest satisfaction by New 
Hampshire people, generally, who may well 
take pride in the fact that the nation's "sum- 
mer capital" is to be established among the 
New Hampshire hills, rather than on the 
Massachusetts sea-shore, or elsewhere in 
the country. It seems to be generally con- 
ceded that no more delightful place for the 
purpose could be found anywhere in the land. 
Public attention was first called to Harlaken- 
den House, by the first issue of Secretary 
Bachelder's now famous publication, "New 
Hampshire Farms for Summer Homes " which 
has done more to promote the upbuilding of 
the State in this direction than any and allot her 
instrumentalities. A picture of this house 
formed the frontispiece of the publication, 
and elsewhere in the boek reference was 
made to it, which included a letter from Mr. 
Churchill giving some account of the place 
and the reasons for his locating there. He 
said, in the letter, that he had been for some 
time searching for a place in the country in 
which to build a home, and a stay of two days 
in Plainfield and Cornish decided him to go 
no farther. In the fall of 1S9S he bought one 
hundred acres of land, overlooking the Con- 
necticut River and commanding a splendid 
view of Ascutney Mountain. The price paid 
for the place, on which there were a farmhouse 
in fairly good repair and several large barns, 
the frames of which he used in building, was 
§2,500. A considerable portion of the land 
was covered with second growth wood and 
umber — oak, pine, hemlock, birch and beech. 
Soon after he added twenty acres of land on 
the river, for which he paid $450. In 1S99 he 
commenced the erection of the house, which 
's located upon the wooded summit of a bluff 
overlooking the valley, two hundred feet 
above the river. The house, which when 
completed with its furnishings, is stated by 
Mr. Churchill to have cost from 835,000 to 
140,000, has walls of rough brick, of the early 
English type, and is of the Colonial style of 
architecture, of the type prevailing in Penn- 
sylvania and eastern Maryland before the 
Revolution, the plans being made by Charles 
A. Piatt, the well-known New York building 
&nd landscape architect. A "hip-roof," 
terraces and spacious porches enhance the 
general attractiveness of the exterior, while 
the interior design and arrangement are most 
charming. The most conspicuous of the 
r °onis is the music room, finished in the 
style of the early French chateaux, along 
the Loire, marvelous Italian tapestries and 



other decorations adorning it. The study 
and hall are done in English antique oak, and 
the dining room, morning room and bed- 
chambers, of which there are a large number, 
are in white colonial style. A road, winding 
around the hill from the river, approaches the 
house from the east, the west front overlooking 
the valley and commanding a magnificent 
landscape view, with Mt. Ascutney as the 
central figure. Additions have been made 
to the estate in recent years till it now em- 
braces some seven hundred acres, and many 
building improvements havealso been effected. 
A more delightful and appropriate retreat, 
for the purpose for which it has been chosen 
could probably not be found in the country. 
That the President has been able to secure 
it as a summer home is due to the fact that 
Mr. and Mrs. Churchill are to spend the 
season in Alaska. The name of the house, 
ordinarily regarded as peculiar, is given in 
honor of Mrs. Churchill who was formerly 
Miss Mabel Harlakenden Hall of St. Louis, 
which city was Mr. Churchill's birthplace, 
though he comes of old New Hampshire 
ancestry. That the establishment of the 
"summer capital" within the limits of the 
State will be of incalculable value from an 
advertising point of view alone is not to be 
doubted, even though it be maintained here 
but for a single season. That the stay of our 
distinguished guests may be so pleasant and 
satisfactory that they will come again and 
again is -certainly to be hoped. 



The almost unprecedented length which the 
present legislative session has attained is 
generally regarded as due to the equally 
remarkable and protracted contest for the 
United States senatorship, finally resulting, 
on the forty-third ballot, in the choice of 
Henry F. iicllis, the Democratic caucus 
nominee, hy a majority of three votes. This 
outcome, which only the most hopeful Demo- 
crats had confidently expected, was due to the 
wonderful solidarity of the Democratic 
strength, and the lack of_ discipline and 
generally disorganized condition of the Repub- 
licans, who went into the contest with no 
regular candidate, agreed upon one later, and 
finally deserted the man of their choice, only 
to be" defeated through defections from their 
own ranks, instead of a combination of Demo- 
crats and Progressives as had been at times 
thought likely to ensue. ThJ3 election of 
Mr. Hollis is, as it happens, the last elec- 
tion of a senator by the legislature that 
will ever be had in the State, as when the 
time comes for the election of a successor to 
Senator Gallinger, whose term expires in 
1915, the amendment to the Federal Con- 
stitution providing for choice of senator b}' 



134 



The Granite Monthly 



popular vote, will be in force, it already having 
been ratified by the legislatures of the requisite, 
number of states and become a part of the fun- 
damental law, so that the people, directly. 
will select their next senator, at. the election 
in November of next year, and no such contest 
as has just been witnessed will be possible. 



That no more progress has been made in 
carrying out any definite plan of reform legis- 
lation, by the present general court, is doubt- 
less due to the fact that no party has full 
control of the popular branch of that body. 
However much we may deplore partisanship 
in legislation, there is no denying the fact 
that it generally requires a sense of party 
responsibility to insure definite results in 
legislation either state or national, though 
there can be no justification for legislation, 
along any line, whose primary purpose is the 
promotion of partisan ends pureh\ Parties 
should be regarded a& means to an end, the 
end being the promotion of the best interests 
of the state, or the public at large. . A party 
in power naturally desires to continue in 
control, which it can only do, for any great 
length of time, by using its power for the 
general good. Wise party leadership recog- 
nizes this fact and governs itself accordingly. 
But when no party has control, as is the ease 
with the present House of Representatives, 
where a small number of men, known as 
Progressives hold the balance of power, there 
is no sense of responsibility anywhere and the 
public welfare must inevitably suffer in 
consequence. 



The Sunapee Lake region is coming to be 
one of the most popular, as it is admittedly 
one of the most attractive, of our Xew Eng- 
land summer resorts. With each succeeding 
year there is greater attention to the matter of 
railroad accommodations for those who make 
this region an objective point during the 
vacation season, and the number of these 
increases accordingly. There are said to be 
now nearly a thousand summer cottages, 
besides three large hotels, and many smaller 
hotels and bor.rding houses upon the shores 
of this charming body of water, enthroned 
among the hills, 1,000 feet above the sea 
level and fitly characterized by the deceased 
bard of Sunapee, William C. Sturoc, as the 
'"'Sweet Loch Katrine of our Granite Hills." 



This year more people than ever before will 
visit the Sunapee region, and gatherings of 
state-wide interest will be held there. The 
New Hampshire Society for thePreservationof 
Forests will hold its annual meeting there, 
and the New Hampshire Board of Trade will 
make this the objective point of its annual 
summer outing which it is proposed to hold 
on the seventeenth of June, and which will 
be made an occasion of more than ordinary 
note, with prominent New Hampshire men 
abroad in attendance. 



Conspicuous among our New Hampshire 
secondary schools and the one which, next to 
Philips Exeter, has sent out most alumni who 
have become prominent in public and pro- 
fessional life, is Kimball Union Academy at 
Meriden, which institution will celebrate its 
one hundredth anniversary during the last 
week in June. An historical pageant, prepara- 
tions for which on an extensive scale are 
already under way, will be a leading feature 
of the celebration, which will bring together 
without question, a larger body of the alumni 
and citizens of the town of Plainfield and the 
surrounding region, than has ever before been 
gathered. 



The depressed and depressing condition of 
railroad affairs in New England, now pre- 
vailing and winch has existed for some time 
past, has excited general interest and solici- 
tude on the part of the public at large, whose 
welfare and prosperity depend in no small 
degree upon that of the railroads. The vast 
increase in wages demanded by and conceded 
to the great army of railway employees, to- 
gether with the burden imposed by the opera- 
tion of leased lines at rentals altogether too 
heavy for the existing order of things, ren- 
ders the problem of successful management 
one of the most trying to be dealt with in the 
industrial world' today, and one which re- 
quires the most serious consideration on all 
sides. In this connection it may be proper to 
remark that a recently issued analysis of the 
New England railroad situation, under the 
title of "The Public, the Investor and the 
Railroads of New England," by Burton L. 
Read, published by the Financial Publishing 
Company of Boston, price t50 cts., will be 
found well worth perusal by all interested in 
the situation. 



VOL- XLV. No. 5 MAT. 1923 New Series, Vol. Vfll, Ho ! 



THE 



R« 






/ 



48k. 



A New Hampshire Magazine 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature" and State Progress-' 



t§) CONSENTS FOR MAY ..|?5 

rcS) Col. John H. Bartlett. With frontispiece. . ... . .135 (p) 

By H. L. Kiiowlton. Illustrated. f^*» 

v.Ky Kimball Union Academy . ♦ . . . . .143 wkj 

•fp# By Barry B. Preston. Illustrate* -~ ^H|* 

v\!>' Old First Church ia Tanrw ...... — — -• ----- . 152 S*& 

■J J t By Charles H. Dot. Illustrated f 

•■"■■:, Reminiscences of Old Burl 
^-ftX By George -Wilson -Jennings. Illixjs 

•fc§4 The Real Old North Church . . . . 159 #fg* 

£jC§?) By Gilbert Patten Brown. Illustrated. CpJ 

•fef Robert L, Smiley . . . . . . . .163 |pf 

\ S-€-} By a Friend. illustrated. Q%3 

V^ New Hampshire Necrology . 
^■^ Editor 4&nd Publisher's Notes 

S3 Poems |K 

«g : |r^ By Bela Chapin, Moses Gage Shirley, Maude Gordon P.oby, A. C...N.F. Carter, FnsnJs #Q" 

Monroe Beverly. \*",V 

*" *'"■• 



<-J.v 



164 £^« 

166 ,.V 5 , 




Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF, Editor and Manager 



TERMS: $1.00 per annum, "'in a'drawe; $1.50 If not paid In advance. Single copies, is i 
CONCORD, N. H., 1913 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



COL. JOHN H. BARTLETT 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLV, No. 5 



MAY, 1913 



New Series, Vol. 



8, No. 5 



COL. JOHN H. BARTLETT 

By H. L. Knowlton 



During the protracted. deadlock in 
the Legislature of 1913 over the 
election of a L T nited States Senator, 
that one of the numerous candidates 
from the ''dark horse" list who 
came nearest to having the look of a 
winner was Col. John H. Bartlett of 
Portsmouth. After a remarkable out- 
burst of individual strength which 
reached its climax on the thirty- 
seventh ballot with ninety-three votes, 
minus the aid of a party nomination 
or the endorsement of party leaders, 
Colonel Bartlett received the assur-. 
„ance of the Republican nomination, 
while several Progressives were en- 
rolled in the number who were then 
voting for him. Many political ob- 
servers believed that this was the first 
really dangerous situation which had 
arisen for the Democrats during the 
entire contest, and that it was the 
fear of the consequences of this move- 
ment, which had some of the features 
of a stampede, that induced the few 
recalcitrant Democrats who had there- 
tofore been voting for Mr. Woodbury 
and Mr. Carr, to fall in line for the 
regular nominee and effect his election. 

One thing which contributed mate- 
rially to Colonel Bartlett 's strength 
was the loyal attitude which he had 
consistently maintained toward the 
regular nominees of both the Repub- 
lican and Progressive parties during 
the first five weeks of balloting, and 
until it became generally acknowl- 
edged that neither could win. Al- 
though it had, from the first, been well 
known that Colonel Bartlett had 
many Republican and Progressive 
friends in the Legislature who were 



ready and anxious to vote for him at 
any time, yet he insistently urged them 
to continue in the support of the 
regular nominees. After his sudden 
and unexpected outburst of strength, 
from the thirty-second to the thirty- 
seventh ballots, Colonel Bartlett pub- 
licly urged his supporters to refrain 
from voting for him and transfer their 
votes back to Mr. Pearson, the regular 
nominee, until and unless Mr. Pear- 
son should desire to withdraw from the 
contest. Mr. Bartlett did this as a 
matter of principle and as a personal 
friend of Mr. Pearson. This course 
was pursued by his friends, in the 
main, during the two ballots following, 
until Mr. Pearson withdrew and 
Colonel Bartlett was nominated by 
acclamation at a Republican caucus 
held a few minutes prior to the ballot- 
ing, on the morning of the forty-second 
and last ballot. Many predicted 
that in the change of Republican 
candidates, enough Republican votes 
would go to Mr. Hollis, in addi- 
tion to prior defections, to insure his 
election; but such was not the cause 
of Mr. Hollis' election on this ballot. 
No Republican votes went from Air. 
Pearson to Mr. Hollis on account of 
the change of candidates from Mr. 
Pearson to Mr. Bartlett, the election 
of Mr. Hollis on this ballot being due 
entirely to a sudden and unexpected 
change of front on the part of those 
Democrats who had been tenaciously 
supporting Mr. Woodbury and Mr. 
Carr. While a very few reactionary 
Republicans were opposed to Colonel 
Bartlett's candidacy, on account of 
his progressive tendencies, he had 

isr 



136 



The Granite Monthly 



assurances that they would not stand 
in the way of his election, and it is 
conceded that he would have consoli- 
dated the Republican and Progressive 
vote with very few, if any. exceptions, 
had the contest continued during two 
or three more ballots. So favorable 
an impression, however, was made on 
the public by what was practically 
Colonel Bartlett's first political ap- 
pearance in the state, that he is 
certain to be in the public eye in the 
future. He was cheerful and unern- 
bittered after his defeat. 

Prior to this contest Colonel Bart- 
lett had become well known in the 
state as a lawyer of high standing, and 
as a public speaker and campaigner 
much in demand. He was born at 
Sunapee, N. II., March 15, 1869, the 
son of John Z. and Sophronia A. 
(Sargent) Bartlett. His early educa- 
tion was in the public schools of Suna- 
pee and at Colby Academy, where he 
fitted for Dartmouth College, from 
which he was graduated in the class 
of 1894. During his first four years 
out of college, Mr. Bartlett taught 
school at Portsmouth, being principal 
of the Haven and Whipple Grammar 
Schools and the Portsmouth High 
School. His legal education was ac- 
quired by private study beginning in 
his college days and continuing in the 
office of John W. Kelley, Esq., and 
also in the office of Judge Calvin 
Page of Portsmouth. He was ad- 
mitted to the Bar of New Hampshire 
in June, 1898. He at once engaged 
in the practice of his chosen profession 
at Portsmouth, in partnership with 
Judge Page, under the firm name of 
Page & Bartlett, and later under the 
name of Page, Bartlett & Mitchell. 

His particular attention has been 
given to the trial of jury cases, in 
which he has been remarkably suc- 
cessful, having been engaged during 
the last ten years, probably, in as many 
jury contests as any other practicing 
attorney in his section of the state. 
A case in which he took special inter- 
est was that of William Turner against 
the Cocheco Manufacturing Com- 
pany, in which the liability of em- 



ployers to furnish adequate fire es- 
capes, was established as the common 
law of the state, the plaintiff being 
one of many who were injured, or 
killed, in the great holocaust which 
occurred at the disastrous fire in one 
of the mills of that company at 
Dover in January, 1907. Another 
well-known case in which Colonel 
Bartlett was successful was the aliena- 
tion of affections case of Hoxie v. 
Walker, in which Mr. Hollis, the 
successful candidate for the United 
States Senatorship, was counsel for 
the plaintiff. Colonel Bartlett has 
been counsel in the trial of court 
cases for the Boston and Maine Rail- 
road, but he has never been employed 
as counsel or lobbyist in any political 
matters for the railroad, or for any 
other clients, his practice being strictly 
along the lines of general litigation 
and professional service. 

Colonel Bartlett has had a large 
practice in Probate Court, and in 
the handling of property and estates 
as trustee and attorney, and is today 
in charge of large property interests 
of clients amounting, in the aggregate, 
to very high figures. He is a trustee 
of the Portsmouth Trust and Guar- 
antee Company. He is engaged at 
the present time in the trial of a will 
contest in the Surrogates Court for 
the City of Xew York over the last 
will and testament of the late John C. 
Martin of Xew York, a millionaire 
philanthropist, who had been a sum- 
mer resident of Portsmouth, and in 
whose last will, which is being con- 
tested, Colonel Bartlett is named as 
one of the three executors. This 
trial has been in progress several 
weeks and the defense has not yet 
begun its side of the case. 

In 1903, Colonel Bartlett published 
an interesting pamphlet entitled: 
"Talk on Wills/" which covers, in a 
short and popular way, the law of 
Xew Hampshire on that subject. He 
delivered a course of lectures on law 
before the Bliss Business College of 
Portsmouth, and in 1911 read a paper 
at a convention of the Xew Hampshire 
Surgical Club held at Hotel Went- 



Col. John H. Barthtt 



13' 



worth, on the "Legal Responsibilities 
of the Surgeon,''" which was pub- 
lished in the magazine The Physician 
and Surgeon, and attracted wide 
attention. 

Colonel ' Bartlett has ever main- 
tained his interest in literary and 
educational affairs. While in college 
he was one of the editors of the Dart- 
mouth Literary Monthly, and was the 
author of a book known as "Dart- 
mouth Athletics;" he was also class 
orator at graduation. Since his col- 
lege days he has been a trustee of 
Colby Academy, has delivered ad- 
dresses at high school graduations, 
"Old Home" days, and Memorial 
exercises, and at many other public 
events. He was appointed by ex- 
Governor Bass as the representative 
of the state of New Hampshire at the 
sixth annual meeting of the American 
Academy of Political and Social 
Science, which was held at Philadel- 
phia in March, 1912. In speaking 
of Colonel Bartlett's speech at this 
convention, a Philadelphia daily gives 
the following: 

"What might have been a purely 
technical and theoretical discussion 
of 'Competitioii and Combination in 
Commerce and Industry/ at the 
afternoon session of the academy was 
kept from being so by John H. Bart- 
lett, the delegate to the meeting from 
New Hampshire. With impassioned 
oratory, Mr. Bartlett injected a new 
phase into the discussion by dealing 
with what he termed facts, the 
problem of the poor people.'' 5 

In politics, Colone] Bartlett has 
always been a Republican. His 
father was a prominent Republican 
of his native town and represented 
that town in the Legislature. His 
uncle, Hon. George H. Bartlett of 
Sunapee, one of the establishers of 
the great hames business of that 
town, was a Republican, representing 
the town in the Legislature and the 
Seventh District in the Senate. His 
uncle, the late General Charles H. 
Bartlett of Manchester, a prominent 
Republican, was particularly inter- 
ested in John H., who invariably 



gives to this uncle the credit of inspir- 
ing him with a desire to obtain an 
education, and of assisting him mate- 
rially in accomplishing it. Colonel 
Bartlett was postmaster of Ports- 
mouth for two terms, appointed once 
by President McKinley and once by 
President Roosevelt. He received his 
military title as a member of the 
staff of the late Gov. John McLane; 
and during the Russian-Japanese 
Peace Conference at Portsmouth, 
Colonel Bartlett, acting for Governor 
McLane, had much to do with the 
arrangements and entertainment of 
the distinguished guests. At the 
time of the Lincoln Club movement 
within the Republican party, Colonel 
Bartlett allied himself with that wing 
of the party known as ''progressive,'' 
and was so much interested in the 
subject of the direct primary that he 
wrote and published, at his own 
expense, an extended pamphlet on 
the subject, which he mailed exten- 
sively throughout the state. He had 
been mentioned as a candidate for 
governor in the campaign in which 
ex-Governor Bass became a nominee, 
but as soon as Governor Bass con- 
senteclto become a candidate, Colonel 
Bartlett declined to allow any further 
use of his name and came out strongly 
in favor of the latter in the primaries. 
He was chairman of the Republican 
City Committee of Portsmouth and. 
conducted the campaign which re- 
sulted in Governor Bass carrying the 
city by a handsome majority. Mr. 
Bartlett says that he accepted the 
recommendation of President Roose- 
velt and the Progressives everywhere 
to support President Taft for his 
nomination and election, and he did 
not become convinced, at the end of 
President Taft's term, that that 
recommendation was wrong, and so- 
continued within, the party. He in- 
sists that the country is progressive 
and that if the Republican party does 
not reorganize itself and stand un- 
flinchingly for Progressive principles, 
it will suffer the consequences. His 
sympathies are with the Progressive 
movement, but he hopes that Repub- 



13S 



The Granite Monthly 



licans and Progressives will again 
become reconciled and rational, and 
work together. Colonel Bartlett has 
not hesitated to condemn publicly 
the apparent alliance between the 
Democrats and Progressives in the 
past Legislature, for the purpose of 
enacting partisan legislation. He be- 
lieves that dragging the courts into 
politics is one of the most reactionary 
and dangerous things a legislature 
can do; and that when the Legisla- 
ture enacted out of office the four 
Republican registrars of Portsmouth, 



On June 4, 1900, he married Agnes 
Page, daughter of Judge Page of 
Portsmouth, and has one child, Cal- 
vin Page Bartlett, a rugged boy of 
eleven years. He is a descendant 
of the large New England family 
which sprang from Richard Bartlett 
of Newbury, Mass., the first of the 
name to settle in America, and through 
the female branches of his ancestry 
he traces his line to Hon. John Oilman, 
speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives of New Hampshire in 1692, and 
in the same way to such New England 







X 



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':: &&.;■; \ 'tit . 



■■■'-,:> - ; :.'!?w.f-.ft^. «■:.•« ■. .- ' ■ . 






■ r.r, v:«C 



i 

■ % 



Birthplace of Coi. John K. Bartlett 



whom the people had elected, and 
injected Democrats and Progressives 
into their places, they committed 
''larceny from the people " and a crime 
against popular government. 

Colonel Bartlett's father died in 
190G. His mother now resides in the 
old homestead in the village at Suna- 
pee Harbor. He has three brothers, 
Mott L. Bartlett, residing at Sunapee; 
Fred L. Bartlett, at Bradford, and 
J. Delmar Bartlett at Lafayette, Ind. 
fie has one sister, Mrs. Charles B. 
Aiken of St. Johnsbury, Vt. 



names as Tuck, Lowell, Hale, Pearson, 
Elliot, Smith, Batchelder, Sanborn 
and Sargent. 

Colonel Bartlett is a member of St. 
Andrew's Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and 
the DeWitt Clinton Commandery, 
the Knights of Pythias, the Elks, the 
Grange, the Warwick Club and the 
Portsmouth Athletic Club, all of 
Portsmouth. In religion, he is a 
Methodist, a member of the Ports- 
mouth Y. M. C. A., and a frequent 
contributor to charitable and religious 
causes. 



Birthday Verses 139 

BIRTHDAY VERSES 

By Bcla C ha pin 

This is a pleasant morn and fair, 

Clear is the sky and blue; 
The fields are naked, bleak and bare, 

With little snow in view: 
But soon again the lovely Spring 
Will come to gladden everything. 

My years are eighty-four to-day. 

And wife's years eighty-two; 
We linger still upon our way 

With heavenly joys in view. 
Our wedded years are fifty-five, 
With true affection yet alive. 

Though I am deaf and she is blind, 

We do not grieve or sigh; 
In our Redeemer's love we find 

What earth cannot supply — 
Abundant hope and lasting peace 
Until this earthly life shall cease. 

My father and my mother dear, 

How much to them I owe; 
They led me on from year to year 

In ways I ought to go. 
In deep recesses of my mind 
Their precious memory lives enshrined. 

My sister, she was good and kind, 

In piety sincere; 
Her pleasant ways, her mode refined 

I hold in memory dear. 
Through all her life, with steadfast heart, 
She always acted well her part. 

My brothers all are passed away 

And I am left behind, 
A little longer here to stay — 

So Providence designed. 
It is my heavenly Father's will 
That I in age shall linger still. 

Dear-brothers four! They are at rest 

Upon the heavenly shore; 
There they abide among the blest, 

To wander nevermore. 
And in the smile of God secure 
I trust their joys will aye endure. 



140 The Granite Monthly 

My early home, a rural spot, 

Where I began to be; 
The grassy lawn, the garden plot, 

The spreading quercus tree: 
The verdant mead, the pasture pondj 
The waterfall and grove beyond : 

The cherry, pear and apple trees, 
The apples hanging high; 

The clover bloom that fed the bees. 
The corn, the wheat, the rye, 

All these and many objects more 

In memory I hold in store. 

How joyful was the time of Spring 
When days were bright and fair; 
When fields were green and everything 
. Was pleasant everywhere; 
How welcome were the early flowers — 
While songs of birds made glad the hours. 

The Summer came with all her train, 
With many things to charm; 

And waving grass and foodful grain 
Brought plenty to the farm — 

A rich return for honest toil 

To those who till the fertile soil. 

And then the Autumn days came round 
With haze and sultry sun, 

When products of the humid ground 
Made work for every one 

From day to day, till evening's close 

Brought quietude and calm repose. 

Then Winter finished out the year. 
And cold the winds would blow; 

Sometimes the fields were brown and sere, 
Or covered o'er with- snow. 

And wintry days passed by, no less 

A time for health and happiness. 

My home of birth I went to see, 
To look around once more. 

A stranger kindly greeted me 
With welcome at the door. 

The dear old home had suffered change — 

That it was so, it is not strange. 

There still the lovely lilacs bloom, 
The brightest roses there, 

And in their time a sweet perfume 
Is thrown upon the air. 

There still the leafy maples grow 

Beside the roadwav in a row. 



Birthday Verses 141 

To that dear place I said farewell 

And went upon my way. 
In it will other people dwell 

And labor as they may. 
While life endures no more 'twill be 
A home, a dwelling-place for me. 

The much loved scenes at Baptist Hill, 

Those fields and groves and streams, 
They throng my wakeful moments still — 

I visit them in dreams. ' , 

Fresh in remembrance each appears. 
Those objects known in early years. 

There rest my kin beneath the sod — 

Nought but their dust is there, — 
They are at home secure with God 
• In heavenly mansions fair. 
A narrow grave for each was made. 
Where pines diffuse a sacred shade. 

The years depart, the seasons glide, 

Our lives soon pass away; 
We float upon Time's rapid tide 

And hasten to decay. 
Such is the lot no one can miss — 
All else is possible but this. 

Away all gloomy thoughts, away! 

Let joy each bosom fill, 
For this is our glad natal day, 

And we are thriving still, 
And hope to live and long possess 
Somewhat of health and happiness. 



Claremoxt, Februarv 19, 1913, 



THE STRENGTH OF THE HILLS 

By Moses Gage Shirley 

To the hills we turn for strength 
Wherever our lot we're casting, 
. For we know they will abide, 
For they are everlasting. 



NX 



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ali aj&n 



KIMBALL UNION ACADEMY 



The Part That a Xew Hampshire Academy is Playing in the 
Movement for Better Rural Conditions; a Pioneer Under- 
taking at the Opening of Its Second Century 

By Harry B. Preston 



The history of the parish of Meri- 
den, a village in the town of Plainfield, 
for the last one hundred years has 
been closely linked with the history of 
the Kimball Union Academy, within 
its limits. It is fitting, then, that the 
members of the community join with 
the Academy in the centennial of its 
founding, to be held in June of this 
year. Already preparations are under 
way for an elaborate celebration which 
will consist of formal exercises in con- 
nection with the annual commence- 
ment and on the afternoons of June 
twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth, a com- 
munity pageant. This pageant will 
seek to set forth the rich history of 
the school- and community, its pres- 
ent work and life and its aspiration 
for the future. A central theme of 
the pageant will emphasize the part 
that, education, and particularly this 
Academy, has played and is playing 
in the movement for better rural con- 
ditions in the communities which it 
<eeks to serve. 

Meriden was settled in 1769. 
Among the early pioneers who came 
to the new community were Benja- 
min Kimball and his son Daniel. The 
rough pioneer family relation which 
constituted the education of the 
time had these two redeeming fea- 
tures. The father gave to his son the 
best he himself had and gave it 
directly, at first hand. In the second 
place, such education had the advan- 
tage of fitting the man for his life 
*"ork on a New Hampshire farm. 
Such was the education Daniel Kim- 
ball received from his father as he 
grew to manhood. That it was an 
efficient one is proven by the fact that 
be became a well-to-do farmer and 
accumulated a considerable fortune. 
Later in life, responding to the need 



for a higher form of education than he 
himself had, this fortune he gave as 
the nucleus of the principal fund of 
the Academy that bears his name. 

It was but natural in a time of 
religious leadership like the early days 
of the nineteenth century that any 
movement for more advanced educa- 
tion should have its beginning with 
the clergy. At a conference of Con- 
gregational and Presbyterian minis- 
ters, held at Piermont, N. II., in 
June, 1913, the foundation of the 
present Kimball Union Academy was 
laid. "Together with the represen- 
tative clergymen at this meeting, 
were several professors from Yale 
and Dartmouth Colleges. Their ob- 
ject was to establish an institution to 
provide education for young men who 
aimed to enter the Christian ministry 
and incidentally other '''poor and pious 
young men/' The name given to 
the new school was the Union Acad- 
emy, a name derived from the fact, 
that both the conferences of Vermont 
and Xew Hampshire were to have a 
part in its maintenance. This name 
has since been changed only by prefix- 
ing the name of the principal donor. 
The liberal gift of money from Hon. 
Daniel Kimball of Meriden deter- 
mined both the location and the final 
name of the institution. 

The first building for the school w T as 
dedicated in September 1815. and in 
the same month the first session was 
held. Twice the principal building of 
the school has been destroyed by fire. 
The present commodious, brick struc- 
ture was erected in 1891, after its 
predecessor had been destroyed. 

About 1840, through the efforts of 
Madame Kimball, widow of Daniel 
Kimball, a seminary for young women 
was founded and soon united with the 



W3 



144 The Granite Monthly 




CYRUS SMITH RICHARDS, LL. D. 

For Thirty-Five Years Principal of the Academy (1835-1870) 



Kimball Union Academy 



145 



Academy, and since that time the insti- 
tution has been fully co-educational. 

The days of '61 to '65 were stirring 
days in the life of the old school as 
well as in the life "of the nation. 
Many of the students marched away 
to join the Union forces, and many 
of the graduates have enviable war 
records. Just after the war the for- 
tunes of the Academy were at their 
height. For thirty-five vears (1835- 
1870) the able work of Dr. Cyrus 
Smith Richards, the principal of the 
school, counted both in numbers and 



toward the cities of a considerable 
number of the rural population was 
an important factor. Another evident 
cause was the growth of high schools, 
very generally throughout the state. 
Still another was that the railroads 
had passed the village of Meriden by. 
For a community to be without rail- 
road facilities was a greater calamity 
twenty years ago, than now, because 
of the introduction of the automobile. 
At that time, it looked to all as if this 
old New England Academy, in spite 
of its splendid history and traditions 



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Kimball Union Academy 



character of the students. The long 
roll of distinguished men and women 
in all walks of life who have done 
honorable service in this country and 
in the world, attest the excellent 
work of the school under this high- 
minded Christian educator. In un- 
numbered homes, as well, lives less 
widely known have been strong and 
fruitful because of the years spent on 
Meriden Hill. 

About 1888, the Academy was at 
the lowest point in number of students 
111 its history. Various causes con- 
tributed to~ this. The movement 



and its high ideals, was doomed. Its 
trustees and friends were almost 
ready to close its doors and abandon 
the struggle. 

But at the point of greatest discour- 
agement, a scheme was devised which 
has succeeded in making the last 
two decades of the first century of 
the school's history the very best in 
its history. This was the so-called 
One Hundred Dollar plan. By it, 
students of limited means, but of 
high character, were given an oppor- 
tunity to obtain an education at the 
total expense of one hundred dollars 



146 



The Granite Monthly 



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Kimball Union Academy 



147 



per year. The plan required from 
each student one hour of labor per 
day about the grounds and buildings. 
The outlook brightened immediately 
upon the adoption of this plan. The 
very boys and girls whom the founders 
had intended to serve began to come 
to the school in increasing numbers. 
And to the present this class are chiefly 
sought for students. With changing 
conditions and the increased cost of 
living, the one hundred dollar plan 



come a pioneer among the secondary 
schools of New England. Meriden is 
a center for civic and rural betterment. 
Several conferences of the boys from 
nearby towns have been held during 
vacation periods. They have been 
largely attended by the young men 
from that part of the state, and have 
proved sources of much profit. Here 
have assembled, in conference, the 
coming generation of New Hampshire 
farmers, together with educators from 




Charles Alden Tracy 

Principal, Kimball Union Academy 
Chairman of the Pageant Committee 



has been somewhat modified, but still 
a very large number of students are 
enabled to finance their own education. 
The last advance in the life of the 
Academy lias been its attempt to 
adjust its service to the needs of the 
communities, which lie around about 
it. Most of these villages are away 
from the railroad and their first 
knowledge of a movement for better 
rural conditions has come from the 
Academy. In this work, it has be- 



the State College and agricultural 
experts from other states. In this 
the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion has co-operated, so that these 
boys who work all the year on the 
farms have been given a week of real 
inspiration. From this period of inspi- 
ration the newer ideas and the better 
ones have been carried back to the 
parents. Thus, not alone to its 
students, but to the larger public in 
the vicinitv has the Academy carried 



148 



The Granite Mon'hly 



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Kimball Union Academy 



149 



this message of a larger, better and 
finer civic life. 

For a number of years the need of a 
farm for laboratory purposes in con- 
nection with courses in agriculture has 
been apparent to the trustees. With- 
out it, the practical application of the 
principles of rural development, which 
the Academy is teaching, lost much of 
their force. Such a farm has been one 
of the anniversary gifts to the Acad- 
emy. Hon. Alfred S. Hall of Boston, 
an alumnus and trustee of the school, 
has presented his alma mater a 



though this has been one of its func- 
tions. The history of Meriden and 
of Kimball "Union Academy, as herein 
outlined, will furnish a rich fund of 
such material. Neither does the 
pageant stop with the presentation 
of the present life and activity of a 
community, efficient as it may be. 
The pageant, at its best, seeks to give 
a decided impetus to lines of better- 
ment already begun, as it looks for- 
ward into the future. The Pageant 
of Meriden will emphasize particularly 
the functions of a secondarv school in 



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Entrance to Bryant Hall, Boys' Dormitory 



seventy acre farm in memory of his 
son. Francis C, Hall. It is especially 
desirable and well situated, near the 
school. 

Upon a hillside in a beautiful 
grove of white pine on this farm will 
be held the coining Pageant of Meri- 
den. It is .fitting that the first crop 
from the Academy's farm should be 
the joy, art, and inspiration of the 
Pageant. 

The modern pageant, as it has been 
developed in England and America, 
has aimed, not alone, at a mere pic- 
torial representation of the past, 



the New Country- Life. Its final 
scene will show the Academy and town 
of 1920, when the various lines of 
activity now being set on foot are 
firmly established and bearing fruit. 
For instance, it will suggest the boys 
from its agricultural and manual 
courses as successful farmers and 
artisans and its girls as efficient home 
makers. Both will appear possessed 
of a fine culture, not the culture of 
the classics only, but the culture of a 
vigorous outdoor life, which fits rather 
than unfits them for active leadership 
in rural affairs. 



150 



The Granite Monthly 



Mr. William Chauncey Langdon, 
president of the American Pageant 
Association, who has written the Pag- 
eant of Meriden and will direct it, is 
a most enthusiastic worker for better 
rural conditions. Two pageants di- 
rected by him have had as their basic 
theme this subject; the Pageant of 
Thetford (Vermont) of 1911, and the 
Pageant of St. Johnsbury of 1912. 
The former of these dealt with a 
typical farming community situated 



under the direction of Charles Alden 
Tracy, Principal of the Academy, 
assisted by a large committee of 
townspeople and alumni. Besides 
the local workers, there is an advisory 
committee, the members of which 
have shown their sympathy with the 
Academy's work and ideals and espe- 
cially with the pageant by accept- 
ing membership on this committee. 
Among the, well-known members are 
the following: President Ernest Fox 





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William Chauncey Langdon 

Director of "The Pageant of Meriden' 



among the Vermont hills and with its 
problems, while the latter presented 
the history and aspirations of a rural 
industrial center. Both of these were 
artistically and practically successful 
and their effect has been felt for good 
in the respective communities. With 
these two the Pageant of Meriden will 
form the third in the Country Life 
Trilogy. Here education will be the 
new central idea. 

Preparations are going on actively 



Nichols, Professors Homer Eaton 
Keyes, Herbert Darling Foster, and 
Walter Van Dyke Bingham of Dart- 
mouth College; President E. P. Fair- 
child of the New Hampshire College 
of Agriculture; Hon. Henry C. Morri- 
son, Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion of New Hampshire; Percy Mae- 
kaye, Cambridge, Mass.; Winston 
Churchill and Robert Barrett of Corn- 
ish; Herbert E. Adams and Louis E. 
Shipman of Plainfield; Robert Treat 



Kimball Union Academy 



151 



Faine and Mrs. George Rublee of New 
York. 

The music for the pageant will be 
composed by Arthur Farwdl, Super- 
visor of Municipal Music of New York 
City. In most cases, the music for 
such an occasion is compiled, collected 
and arranged from various sources., 
but it is Mr. FarwelFs aim to make 
the music for the Pageant of Meriden 
entirely original, fitted to the scene 
and dialogue exactly like an opera. 
Mr. Farwell will direct a large 
orchestra and chorus in their re- 
hearsals and final performance of his 
music. 

Xot the least of the helpful benefits 
that are expected to come from this 
community festival Will be the closer 
relation between the Academy and the 
men and women of Meriden and the 
surrounding villages. For a hundred 
years this relation has been a pleasant 
one, full of mutual helpfulness, but the 
getting together even for the short 



time of the pageant, and the common 
interest in the portrayal of the best in 
the past, present and future of their 
common life should stimulate both 
school and community to renewed 
endeavor. The school must realize 
its responsibility. It must see that its 
work is for New Hampshire and for 
her people. Not the distant city, but 
the local farming communities that 
nestle all about Meriden are to be the 
hope of the nation's future. On the 
other hand the members of the com- 
munity must come to realize that the 
school is truly working for their 
benefit. Its hundred years have not 
been without mistakes; it has often 
taken steps along lines that had to be 
retraced. But in the past, in the 
present and in its aspirations for the 
future there is a continuity of high 
ideals, a real disposition to be of 
service and a belief that it has a part 
to play in the solution of America's 
most vital problems. 



'•WITHIN MY HEART" 

By Maude Gordon Roby 

I built a nest within my heart, 

And ere 'twas finished, quite, 
I heard a far-off fluttering, 

A murmuring through the night. 
And then a sweeping, mighty roar 

Of many feathered wings, 
Just as the rosy Dawn of Truth 

Her magic Cycle swings. 
I looked; the darkness all had fled, 

The Earth again was new, 
And every daisy smiled at me 

From out its bath of dew. 
Then down the Pathway of the Sun 

Four gorgeous birds came winging. 
Sweet Love and Joy, Bright Faith and Hope 

Straight to my heart were singing. 
So that is why you hear this song, 

And that is why I smile; 
My birds are still within my nest, 

A-singing all the while. 



And if you too, would like some birds, 

Just build a nest and wait. 
I'm sure they'll sing within your heart. 



When vou unbar the gate. 



[S^U 



REMINISCENCES OF THE OLD FIRST 

CHURCH IN TAM WORTH AND ITS 

EARLY MINISTERS 

By Charles H. Dow* 



I suppose it is known to most of 
you that the old church sat upon the 
hill opposite the old burying-ground. 
It was a large, irregular, two story 
building with a gallery on three sides. 
The main entrance was on the south 
side, leading into an entry from which 
stairs ascended into the galleries. It 
also had a door on the east, and facing 
the burying-ground. From the south 
entrance was a broad aisle, running 
from the door to the pulpit. The pul- 
pit was raised seven or eight feet, 
with stairs on both sides; over-head 
was a large sounding-board. The 
pews were square pens, with plain 
board seats on three sides, so that a 
part of the congregation sat with their 
backs towards the minister. The 
seats were hung on hinges and made to 
turn up, giving the occupants a chance 
to lean against the backs of the pews. 
This was rather necessary as Parson 
Hidden made very long prayers. The 
congregation always standing during 
prayer time got so tired that at the 
word Amen, the seats went down with 
such a rattle as made the old building 
tremble. The choir were stationed in 
the southeast of the gallery, accom- 
panied with, a bass-viol, and, on spe- 
cial occasions, a melodeon. The 
violin, then called the fiddle, and 
clarionet, were ignored, as they were 
supposed to belong to the Devil, and 



he was not in the habit of playing 
church music. 

The choir did not sing with the 
softness and sweetness of the present 
singers, but they certainly made more 
noise. 

The services at the old church were 
lengthy, beginning at 10.30 A. M. and 
lasting until about 3 P. M., with one 
hour's intermission.- Most of the 
congregation remained, gathered in 
groups, discussing various topics. The 
sermons were at least one hour long 
each. 

A ride of three or four miles home 
gave a healthy farmer an appetite 
for his pork and beans which he usu- 
ally found smoking hot. 

The spot where the old church 
stood was very bleak, and I have 
heard the old timbers rattle with the 
wind, as if the building was about 
to tumble on our heads. It was im- 
possible to keep sheds standing for 
the horses. 

The church had no contrivance 
for heating. The women used to 
carry tin foot stoves, and at intermis- 
sion go to the minister's house and re- 
fill them with coals. It would seem 
as if nothing but the warm preaching 
and the fear of an unquenchable fire 
kept the congregation from freezing. 
After some years a chimney was built, 
and stove procured, very much against 



* This paper was given by Mr. Dow, at the rededication of the present church on the evening 
of March 30, 1913, after extensive repairs, including interior decoration, had been made. The 
present church is located in the center of Tamworth Village, which is KM) miles from Boston 
and 55 miles from Concord, and directly under the shadow of Chocorua Mountain. The Mi- 
lage is supplied with running water of the purest, kind. The church and the streets are lighted 
with electricity, as many of the houses are. The town contains quite a number of very fine 
and costly residences. We think it one of the most healthy locations in the State, being com- 
pletely surrounded by mountains. The church contains about 50 pews, and has a seating 
capacity of about 300. The walls are painted in panels and stenciled; the pews and pulpit 
are finished in black walnut. The choir occupy a raised space in the northwest corner. W e 
have carpets on the aisles, and a very handsome carpet on the pulpit platform and the space 
in front which also covers' in the singers platform. The church is heated by a 28 inch Smith 
& Anthony hot air furnace, and has outside, on the steeple, a Howard clock, which is a fine time- 
keeper. 



First Church in Tamirorth 



153 



the wishes of some members of the 
congregation. At one time a member 
left during the service, saying he could 
not stand the heat. It so happened 
there was no fire in the stove that day. 
His imagination so quickened his cir- 
culation as to cause faintness. 

Parson Hidden, as I recollect him, 
was a man rather under medium 
height, a little inclined to portliness, 
with an oval face, which showed 
frankness and energy He was not a 



shirt, and might well have been taken 
for an English gentleman, or even for 
a Catholic Priest of the present day. 
He was succeeded by Elder Buffit, who 
was a man of indifferent ability, a 
stogy preacher, very eccentric and of 
uncertain memory. It was said when 
making a call he was liable to leave 
without his hat or coat. 

I have heard my mother tell the 
story of an installation service held 
in the old church, for a young man 



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Congregational Church, Tamworth 



great preacher, but honest in his 
opinions, and a worker. 

He did a great work here, and from 
almost nothing built up a strong and 
healthy church. I do not know what 
salary he had, but it must have been 
moderate. " He was well educated and 
frequently tutored young men, but 
I imagine that did not add materially 
to his income. He owned a farm 
"ft'hich was tilled by a son, who lived 
next door to him, only a few rods away. 
He was neat in appearance, always 
Well dressed, usually wore a ruffled 



who was to preach somewhere in this 
vicinity. He had come from Col- 
lege or the University, and knowing 
he was likely to meet a stylish audience 
in this church, he had procured a pair 
of cheap black gloves. The day was 
hot and sultry. The congregation in 
the pews were sweating, so were the 
ministers in the pulpit. The young 
minister was rather nervous over the 
part he was to act, and instead of us- 
ing his bandana to wipe the perspira- 
tion from his forehead, used his 
hands encased in those black gloves, 



154 



The Granite Monthly 



the result was his face became very 
nearly the color of the gloves, and the 
other ministers had to rub and scrub 
his face before he could appear. 

The congregation in the old church 
wasjarge, coming from all parts of the 
town, from West Ossipee to Sandwich 
Line. I know of only one person be- 
sides myself, who attended the old 
church, who is still living, and is a 
member of this church. Her pleasant 
and smiling face is seen in these pews 
every pleasant Sunday, and whenever 



a desirable event occurs calling for 
extra financial aid, her heart responds, 
and her hand reaches forth with ready 
aid. When she goes, Stevenson Hill 
will miss her, so shall we all. Could 
some of the people who attended the 
old church come back and walk 
through these lighted streets, and into 
this beautiful and brilliantly lighted 
church, they would readily imagine 
they were in Solomon's Temple, or in 
one of the celestial mansions spoken 
of in the New Testament. 



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Residence of Charles H. Dow, Tamworth 



MEMORIES 

By A. C. 

To those whose steps have just begun 

The path, that, dim before them lies, 
All living is a glorious thing, 

And every morn a glad surprise. 
'Tis forward that with wondering gaze 

They look into the future, fair, 
And seek with eager questioning 

The good that hope has written there. 
But we, whose steps have passed beyond 

The first of life's uneven lane, 
Have joys that youth can never know, 

Ariel pleasures that are born of pain; 
For we have learned, through grief and loss, 

That nappy memories of the past 
Can bring our hearts a quiet peace 

That never fades while life doth last. 



REMINISCENCES OR OLD DURHAM 



By George Wilson Jennings 



This famous and historic old town 
at the head of tide water on the Oyster 
River, with an area of 14,9/0 acres, is 
without exception one of the most 
delightfully located towns in the 
Granite State, and, in the writer's 
opinion, in all New England; for 
portions of the surrounding country 
in that locality cannot be surpassed 
in Switzerland for rare beauty of 
scenery with the many fine drives, 
the rolling hills, the great forests of 
pine, hemlock, and spruce, with an 
occasional view of the Great Bay, and 
the river. One could hardly go astray 
when driving up the "Mill" road 
through Packer's Falls to Newmarket, 
thence down through " Lovers' Lane " 
and back by the Bay by the Dur- 
ham Point road. The beauty of this 
trip would delight any person. An- 
other splendid drive is through Lee 
and Madbury, to the road that leads 
to Dover. In fact, the entire town- 
ship is full of everything to please the 
eye — a business rush but pleasure 
seekers are not after this branch, — ■ 
'and there is no reason why the old 
town of Durham should not become 
in the near future one of the finest to 
locate in for the summer, or in fact 
for an all-the-year-round home. 

As Ralph D. Payne, the famous 
writer and author, has recently ex- 
pressed it in his delightful way, in 
writing about .the town of Durham. 
"Those who come from another part 
of the country are more apt to per- 
ceive the attractive features of a place 
than those who have lived in it all 
their lives; to me Durham is a very- 
pleasant harbor in which to cast 
anchor. * New Hampshire has no 
lovelier landscape to live with, a 
region of rolling green fields, and 
woodland suggesting English scenery, 
and a tidal river sweeping ten miles 
inland from the sea. I have tried 
climates in a good many corners of 
the world, but have found none to 



compare with these long, golden 
autumns, bracing winters, and bright 
summers, all too short too, in which 
excessive heat lingers but a few days." 
The writer is of the opinion that when 
the following lines were written they 
were intended to refer to Durham; 

"When the trees are filled with crimson buds; 

And the woods are filled with birds, 
And the waters flow to music, 

Like a tune with pleasant words." 

Durham was named by Capt. John 
Smith in 1614, from the old English 
town bearing the same name. Being a 
descendant of one of the oldest set- 
tlers, Ebenezer Smith, the writer can 
recall some of the things that his 
maternal grandparent told him about 
this New England town in the early 
days. Some of the present genera- 
tion would be interested to learn some 
facts about this quaint village in the 
days of more than one hundred years 
ago. The first "meeting" house was 
built in 1651 near Durham Point; a 
parsonage was built at the same time,, 
the dimensions as stated in a,n old 
record as follows " thirty foett long, 
ten foett broad, twelve foett in the 
wall with two chemneys." 

As settlements increased nearer the 
" Falls " another " meeting" house 
was erected in 1715 on a triangular 
piece of land near the bridge. The 
building became connected with the 
first overt act on land, of the Revolu- 
tionary War (the first Naval Act was 
at Machias, Maine). The incident 
referred to, in connection with the 
Durham "meeting" house, which was 
virtually an act of rebellion against 
King George, was made by a party 
from Durham. That party consisted 
of Michael Davis, John Spencer, John 
Demerit, Ebenezer Thompson, Isaac 
and Benjamin Small, Johnathan Ches- 
ley and Winborn Adams. Taking a 
gundalow belonging to Benjamin 
Mathews they went down the river. 
It was a bitter cold, moonlight night 



(A 



156 



The Granite Monthly 



and the water froze to their clothing. 
They landed in silence at the fort at 
Portsmouth, surprised the garrison, 
bound the captain, and, seizing the 
powder, took their prize back to 
Durham and concealed the same under 
the " meeting" house. The powder 
was afterwards taken in ox-teams to 
Boston, and used in the battle of 
Bunker Hill. On the site of the old 
* f meeting" house stands a monument 
erected to the memory of Gen. John 
Sullivan by the State of New Hamp- 
shire. Around this monument are 



and he replied that he had "slept 
under his preaching many years." 

Early in 1800 the post office was 
kept by George Frost: afterwards by 
George and William (as these brothers 
were familiarly called). They re- 
tained the postmastership many years 
later in their store, where a large 
business was transacted. In those 
days mails went by stage; transporta- 
tion was by packet and gondola from 
Durham. A large business was done 
with Portsmouth in timber, wood and 
hay. George Frost ran one packet 



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A Street Scene in Durham 



granite markers showing just where 
the church building stood. 

This "meeting" house, mentioned 
-above, was mostly of glass windows. 
The pulpit was reached by a long 
"winding staircase and the "'sounding" 
'board was suspended over Parson 
JBurt's head who stood there in royal 
dignity in his black silk gown, warning 
his hearers "to flee from the wrath to 
come." After him came Rev. Robert 
Page, who was succeeded by Rev. 
Alvin Toby. An amusing story was 
told in the long ago regarding Rev. 
Robert Page's pastorate in Durham. 
One of the townspeople was asked 
how he liked Mr. Page as a preacher, 



and Capt. John Yeaton ran another. 
These, with, the Boston and Concord 
stages, and the many teams from the 
north, made business very lively at 
the Durham Hotel kept in those days 
by Benjamin Kelly. 

For many years Joseph and John 
Coe carried on a large business at the 
"brick store" and did a thriving 
trade in ship building at the landing. 

The poet at that time was "Clem" 
Davis who was always called to a 
launching of a ship to read one of his 
poems that was especially prepared 
for each occasion. 

The other merchants in those days 
were Abraham Perkins & Son, Mr. 



Reminiscenses of Old Durham 



151 



George Pendexter, Mr. Odeli, Ebon 
and Alfred Smith, Benjamin Mathews-, 
Jr. 3 and B. Thompson. The lawyers 
were John A. Richardson. Stephen 
Mitchell, Hon. Ebenezer Smith, and 
Mr. Valentine Smith, the last known 
as "Judge," who was a man of great 
sterling worth, and who at all times 
had the welfare of the people and 
country at heart. 

The physicians were Dr. Cushing, 
Dr. Ingalls and Dr. Richard Steele, 
the latter of whom was considered one 
of the most skilled surgeons. Dr. 
Steele formerly lived in the home 
now occupied by the Coe family, which 
is one of the handsome residences of 
Durham. 

The best known house builders and 
cabinet makers, at that time were Paul 
& Sons. They built many of the 
houses which are the finest examples 
of the eighteenth century architecture. 
Many of these homes are still stand- 
ing in a perfect state of preservation. 
Paul's specialty were the doorways 
that have been considered the finest 
of the Colonial period;' every detail 
was carried out and many of these 
beautiful entrances to the homes were 
most severe in design, and have been 
reproduced by prominent architects. 

Major Seth Walker lived across from 
the old "meeting" house, and was 
generally known as the '''surveyor," 
although Major Winthrop Smith took 
a hand in it as well as Judge Valentine 
Smith. The miller of the town was 
Zachariah Bunker, who lost his leg in 
the war of 1812, and died at the age 
of one hundred and two. 

One of the places in Durham which 
has been for years a special point of 
interest is what is known as the 
"Woodman Burying Ground" which 
is situated on one of the most sightly 
points of that section and commands 
a magnificent view of the surrounding 
country. Here were buried seven 
generations of the Woodman family. 
After the last of that family passed 
away the old homestead, known 
as the "Woodman Garrison," was 
burned. This house contained the 



marks of arrow heads, and many 
bullets were found embedded in the 
wood of the house. Near this loca- 
tion you will see mounds with large 
pasture stones. This was known as 
the "Indian Burying Ground." 
These are supposed to be the graves 
of a tribe of Indians that inhabited 
that section of the country. In 1834 
one of the townspeople opened one of 
these mounds and there found a grave 




1 



iirl"-! 






An Eighteenth Century Doorway 

which was supposed to contain the 
body of an Indian chief, which was 
wrapped in a moose skin; outside 
of this was a copper breast plate, upon 
this rested a knife sixteen inches 
long, a copper band encircled the 
head; the remains were dried and in 
a perfect state of preservation, In the 
left ear was an earring two and one- 
half inches long. In this grave was 
found a triangular hatchet like those 
mentioned by Capt. John Smith as 



158 



The Granite Monthly 



having been used by the savages 
with whom he dealt In these graves 
are the remains of Indians who once 



■ ■ J 



The Road to Lover's Lane 

made those peaceful vales and wood- 
land ring with dire alarm. 



' Since the New Hampshire State 
Agricultural College was located in 
1893, the entire conditions of that 
locality have changed. There are the 
many handsome college buildings, 
modern houses and new streets laid 
out where were once fertile, well-kept 
farms. Now the town during the 
college term bustles with life. One 
meets at this time many students, all 
of whom are anxious and eager to lay 
that cornerstone in their lives — an 
education which will mean so much 
to them in the years to come. These 
young people that go out from this 
historic town when their college days 
are over will look back to these 
happy days with as much gratification 
and pleasure as did those of the past 
generations who have gone to "That 
bourne from whence no traveler re- 
turns. " And such is life. "So one gen- 
eration goeth and another cometh." 



THE CALL FOR PEACE 

■By N, F. Carter 



Peace for the world, Peace for the world, 
The loud and wide-spread human cry! 

Lord, send thy peace whose flag unfurled 
Shall thrill with rapture earth and sky! 

Too long the battle flags of strife 

Have stained their folds with human gore. 
Now may the dove of Peace give life 

Its rightful boon forevermore! 

Too long have homes been filled with pain, 

As loved ones fell in sacrifice, 
And small, too small, the seeming gain 

Purchased at such a woeful price! 

Chiefs of the nations, rise and form 
A brotherhood, alert and strong, 

With hearts still beating true and warm 
Till Peace begins her endless song! 

Bells of the nations, ring — ring in 

The morn of universal peace, 
When War, with hellish front and din 

And trail of waste and woe, shall cease! 



THE REAL OLD NORTH CHURCH 

A Landmark of the Republic 

By Gilbert Patten Brown 



New England is noted for it? pious 
founders, its famous scholars and its 
historic landmarks. We are told 
today that the early fathers of the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony were big- 
oted. Such is the language that 
comes from the most recent comers 
to our shores. These fathers of the 
American idea gave us the nest eggs 
of freedom. 

Boston is noted for'its old churches. 
Of all the old places of worship within 
this ancient and cultivated city none 
is so world renowned as Christ 
Church (known in history as the 
"old North Church"). The visitor 
is met during the hours of worship by 
the sexton who welcomes the stranger 
within its ancient and time-worn 
walls. 

The form of worship is that of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. The 
curious tourist forgets creed while 
within the sacred pews whose seats 
are made holy from the fact that once 
worshiped there such men — gods of 
the American Revolution — as Warren, 
Hancock, Adams, Knox, Revere, Otis, 
Faneuil, Tucker, Stark, Gridley and 
Putnam. 

The "North End" of today in old 
Boston is not the "North End" of a 
century ago. The Puritans of Eng- 
land and the Huguenots of France 
were its inhabitant's of those days, 
while today the Jews and the Italians 
are the chief residents of this part of 
the Athens of the New W^orld. One 
hears but little English spoken on the 
streets of this the oldest part of 
Boston. 

Narrow are the old streets of Bos- 
ton, especially Salem Street. Second- 
band clothing stores are innumerable 
here. The brick pavement is not 
relaid very often on historic Salem 
Street, and it was hard, sometimes, 



for the Wayfarer to keep a footing 
in picking a way along the narrow 
sidewalk. The street is even narrower 
in proportion and when a horse and 
wagon turned, the horse was obliged 
to put his forefeet on the sidewalk. 

The Wayfarer was on his way to 
the "old North Church"— Paul Re- 
vere's church; but it scarcely seemed 
possible that such a piece of Colonial 
America could be found today. 
Hardly a word of English was heard. 
"Buon giorno, come sta?" said the 
women in shawls and bandannas to 
each other, as they bargained with the 
fruiterers or dragged their tiny chil- 
dren along by the arm. 

Many of these open-hearted resi- 
dents of old Salem Street are not of 
the same creed as is the old North 
Church, but they love its historic 
significance just the same. In their 
case above all others creed does not 
enter in. 

As for the signs over the shops, 
there were many of them quite unin- 
telligible to the W r ayfarer. The tots 
in orange colored coats and purple 
stockings, against brilliant back- 
grounds of oranges, apples, red-pep- 
pers and grapefruit, made pictures 
which suggested the riot of color on 
Neapolitan streets, doubtless the 
former homes of the fruit-dealers. 

The "ole clos' " shops produced the 
inevitable groups of Jews talking in 
Yiddish, probably, but even more 
effectively in pantomime and gesture. 
A particularly active group near the 
entrance to the synagogue reminded 
the W r ayfarer of the latest story about 
these clever countrymen. Two young 
Jews were walking together one win- 
try da}" with hands in their pockets 
because of the biting cold. They 
walked in silence for some time, then 
Ike asked : " Benjamin, why don't you 



5-/ 



160 



The Granite Monthly 



say something *' " Oh," replied Ben- 
jamin, shrugging his shoulders, "freeze 
your own hands!" 

''Sam." said another Hebrew mer- 
chant, ''how's trade?" "Nothing 
sold today,'' was the reply "and no 
coal in the cellar for Rachel," he con- 
tinued. The day was cold but the 
wheels of commerce were turning 
very fast in old Boston. 

So, picking a way between fruit 
stalls and big-eyed babies among 
Jewish men and Italian women, the pil- 



il | 
r ; \ 



Christ Church, Boston 

The Real "Old North Church" 

grim kept on toward Paul Revere's 
Church. Only an occasional street sign, 
"StillmanSt.,"" Cooper St.," suggested 
America or Boston. Presently, how- 
ever, as a jog imthe street was passed, 
the spire of Christ Church came into 
view. The curious traveler stopped 
a moment at Sheafe Street, to glance 
at the birthplace of Dr. S. F. Smith 
and at the corner house where lived 



Robert Newman, the sexton of Christ 
Church in 1775. who, according to 
tradition, hung out the lantern*. In 
a moment more the church was 
reached, its square brick tower rising 
high above the tops of the near-by 
houses. 

The proper companion on such an 
expedition is a small boy from "Class 
1 in American History." His eyes 
fairly bulge as he reads the familiar 
tablet on the front of the tower. " The 
signal lanterns of Paul Revere dis- 
played in the steeple of this church, 
April IS. 1775, warned the country of 
the march of the British troops to 
Lexington and Concord." 

He repeats: 

"One if by land and two if by sea, 
And I on the opposite shore will he 
Ready to ride and spread the alarm 
Through every Middlesex village and farm, 
For the country folk to be up and arm/' 

He lives over again every moment 
of that exciting episode; he sees New- 
man escape through the window, now 
blocked up, and he follows Revere 
on his wild ride. With ill-concealed 
repugnance he looks upon the house 
near by tableted as "British head- 
quarters," and he is speechless with 
wonder at the thought of General 
Gage witnessing the Battle of Bunker 
Hill from this very church tower. 

Truly, Paul Revere's church belongs 
not to Boston but to the whole coun- 
try and in a very special manner to 
the boys of the "history class" all 
over the land. 

The hero of the famous ride for 
liberty seemed to be uppermost in the 
traveler's mind. He seemed to see 
the old book of births of Paul Revere's 
own church where he reads, "Paul 
Revere born Jan. 1, 

He next seemed 
goldsmith working 
ian father, and lastly, before his 
view was dimmed, the time-worn re- 
cords of the Lodges of Saint Andrew 
of the Masonic Institution, reading — 
"Paul Revere, Merchant and Gold- 
smith, passed to the degree of Fellow 
Craft." But here the cold and weary 



1735." 

to see him as a 
with his Christ- 



The Real Old North Church 



161 



traveler stood upon the very spot 
where these two patriots, Christians 
and Freemasons — Revere and New- 
man — had stood one hundred and 
thirty-eight years before. 

Of recent months the church has 
been restored to its original guise, as 
nearly as can be inferred, and this 
was the reason for the writer's visit. 
The first change noticed on seeing 
the interior is the restoration of the 
old box pews with their little doors, 
each with its brass plate bearing the 
name of the owner. 

As one turns, however, and views 
the chancel, the most important 
change is appreciated — the reopening 
of the great window there. The 
somberness of the woodwork and the 
dinginess of dust have given place to 
shining white paint, and light from 
the newly opened window. The ex- 
terior and interior alike have now the 
simple dignity of the Georgian period, 
and, withal, a well-kept look, as if 
Boston respected and cared for her 
ancient landmarks. 

This is the oldest church edifice 
now standing in the city, for its corner 
stone was laid in 1723. It has passed 
through many vicissitudes of late, 
but is now included within the diocese 
and has for rector no less a personage 
than Bishop Lawrence Williams. Of 
a Sunday it is always crowded, for 
it has long been the "strangers' 
church," and the tourist is made wel- 
come. 

Its circular stairways have been 
replaced in their original position and 
the .center aisle reopened clear up to 
the chancel. Advantage has already 
been taken of this change, for a few 
weeks ago, there was a wedding in 
the church. The organ was used and 
it is still a fine instrument, although 
placed in the church in 1759. The 
ancient clock, ten years older, still 
ticks the moments of these modern 
years and keeps excellent time. There 
are four cheerful angels trumpeting 
in front of the organ, and they too 
show no signs of age. They were 
captured, with the brass chandeliers, 
from a French ship during the French 



and Indian War, and presented to the 
church in 175S. Another gift of which 
the old North Church is proud is its 
communion service, several pieces 
of which were presented by George II. 

In the vestry is shown the so-called 
" Vinegar Bible," and beside it lies 
the ancient prayerbook, in which the 
prayer for ''His Majesty the King of 
England" is scratched out and the 
words "the President of the United 
States" written in. The small boy is 
sure to be impressed. "It meant a 
good deal, didn't it?" he ventures. 
''Yes, it meant a good deal to us," 
replies the sexton proudly, in a strong 
brogue. ''Are you an American?" 
asked, the courteous sexton. ''Yes," 
was the reply, "New England to the 
backbone." The narrator informs 
the sexton that on November 22, 1802, 
a couple very dear to him were mar- 
ried within those sacred walls and that 
they were none other than his paternal 
great-grandfather and great-grand- 
mother. Capt. Joseph Brown and 
Miss Mary Winslow, and that the 
officiating clergyman was a man of no 
less dignity than the once popular 
pastor of Christ Church, Rev. Samuel 
Haskell, D. D. 

This bit of history seemed to bring 
the sexton into a closer friendship with 
the writer and all went well during 
the remainder of this pleasant visit 
in midwinter at a shrine of the Repub- 
lic. 

The moment of all moments for the 
small boy arrives when the sexton 
leads the way to the tower, and like 
tin' immortal Newman, he climbs, 

'•'By the wooden stair, with stealthy tread, 
To the belfry chamber overhead." 

The visitor used to risk life and 
limb in scrambling up the dark, rick- 
ety steps, but electricity now makes 
easy the way of the patriot. It is 
worth the effort in order to see the old 
bells, still the most melodious of any 
in the city. They were cast by a 
firm in Whitechapel, London, and 
first hung in 1774. At present there 
is a representative of the same firm 
in Boston, who came over to readjust 



162 



The Granite Monthly 



the peal and see that it was in the best 
possible condition. The chimes are 
still rung by the means of ropes and a 
bell ringer in the old-fashioned way. 
The sexton tells many interesting bits 
of history connected with the church 
and elicits a smile of genuine satisfac- 
tion from the small boy when he says 
that for a time the body of Maj. John 
Pitcairn; of hot punch memory, lay 
in one of the tombs beneath the tower. 
For the most part, however, the 
small boy's thoughts are with the 
daring Paul Revere. As the church 
door closes behind us he is quiet for he 
is listening still to " that cry of alarm. " 

"A cry of defiance and not of fear, 
A voice in the darkness, a knock at the door, 
And a word that shall echo for ever more! 
For, borne on the night wind of the Past, 



Through all our history to the last, 
In the hour of darkness and peril and need, 
The people will waken and listen to hear 
The hurrying hoof-heats of that steed, 
And the midnight message of Paul Revere." 

The Paul Revere of the " Boston 
Tea Party" of December 16, 1773, of 
the famous ride of April 18, 1775, 
the lieutenant-colonel of artillery at 
the siege of "Majorbagaduce" (now 
Castine, Me.), and the grand master 
of the Most -Worshipful Grand Lodge 
of Ancient Free and Accepted Free- 
masons of Massachusetts, died in 
Boston May 10, 1818, and sleeps in 
the Granary Burial Ground, but a 
short distance from the spot of his 
birth, but the "old North Church M 
stands and will serve to keep green 
his memory in the minds of genera- 
tions vet unborn. 



THE VILLAGE ROAD 

By Frank Monroe Beverly 

I love to tread the village road, 

Through lane, by wayside heath, 
And feel the touch of yielding earth 

My eager feet beneath. 
The purling brook makes music when 

Along the way I pass; 
There Spring has hung the dogwood bloom 

And spread the nooks with grass. 
The robins' voice from many a spray 

Lends music to the air; 
And ever 'long the village road 

I'm free from worry, care. 
The graceful oaks extend their boughs, 

Across the road entwine, 
And bower-like, a snug retreat 

Would make the Tuneful Nine. 
The wayside pastures grace the land, 

And many bells has June; 
She jangles them both far and near, 

Hilarious, out of tune. 
And when I look at earl}' morn 

The sunbeams slanting toward, 
Point me the way to village fair, 

Like ringer on the board.* 
So, oft I tread the village road; 

The lure resistless seems. 
And deeper inspiration comes 

When the village church spire gleams. 

♦This refers to the finger on the guide-pest, now seldom seen. 



ROBERT L. SMILEY 

A Tribute of a Friend* 



"How happy is he, born or taught, 
Who knoweth not another's will. 
Whose armor is his honest thought 
And simple truth his highest skill." 

In the village churchyard Robert 
Smiley sleeps. On the twenty-fourth 
day of February last the face that 
was disturbed with pain became calm 
and peaceful. In the gloom of winter 
we laid him away, but hope lighted 
up a pathway to the skies which his 
spirit had taken. 

The lines of the poet set forth the 
mainsprings of a life which was dear 
to his friends — to those who thor- 
oughly knew him — and to a beautiful 
family of wife, children and sisters 
it was more than we have the power 
to express. We hesitate to mar the 
picture thus faithfully presented. 

A companion and friend of man}" 
years has gone and the shadows are 
heavy. 

Robert Smiley was a man. with the 
finest sense of honor; the highest con- 
ceptions of duty; loyal to the truth 
and brave in maintaining what he 
believed to be right. Strong intel- 
lectually, his ideas and opinions were 
formed only after much study and 
reflection and always expressed with 
great moderation. There was no 
noisy attempt on his part to reveal his 
ability to the world and, strange as it 
may seem, on this matter he appeared 
to be indifferent. There was neither 
sounding brass nor tinkling cymbal 
in his make up. There was something 
about him that immediately "put one 
on his good behavior," and in conver- 
sation or in argument you were im- 
pelled to acquit yourself in such a 
planner as to preserve his good opin- 
ion. He indulged in no thoughtless 
words himself and could not tolerate 
them in others. Independent but 
with great anxiety to be right, cri- 
ticisms which he might incur, al- 



though unpleasant, were not of serious 
consequence to him if he had the 
approval of his conscience. He was 
a thoughtful and deliberate conversa- 
tionalist, with the rare faculty of being 
a good listener. He wielded a grace- 
ful pen and was a strong editorial 
writer. 

Fame and fortune were compara- 
tively nothing to him. He did not 



i I 

: to 



Robert L. Smiley 

like politics and never sought office. 
To be placed in a position where he 
might be expected to represent the 
wishes of his constituents rather than 
to .be governed by his own views and 
judgment was not to his liking. We 
believe that he adhered to the original 
theory of the government as exem- 
plified by the eminent statesman 
when he declared in the United States 
Senate that he did not know or care 



*VValter C. Harriman. 



tek 



161 



The Granite Monthly 



what his state wanted; that he was in 
the senate to be governed by his 
judgment and his conscience, and if 
his state approved, well and good, if 
not let her make it known and he 
would resign. 

Air. Smiley was induced to run as 
a candidate for the Legislature, to 
which he was -elected. Prominent 
men of his town, though of the oppo- 
site political party, declared for him. 
One in particular, who has now gone 
to his reward, said: "Smiley, I am 
a Republican and you a Democrat, 
but I know that I can trust you and 
that you will do what is right." 
These words were not taken lightly 
by Robert Smiley, .but through the 
long struggle they imposed a solemn 
responsibility upon him. Such declar- 
ations of confidence and respect by his 
fellow-townsmen reflected great honor 
on him — "a greater honor than this 
no man hath." 

His few weeks in the Legislature 
were wearing on him and his delicate 
health threatened constantly to break. 

The long contest for the senator- 
ship droned on. The desire to hold 



office over-rides all other considera- 
tions. After discharging whatever 
obligations he might be under to sup- 
port his party nominee, although he 
did not attend the caucus, Mr. Smiley 
voted for the man whom he believed 
to be best qualified for the position, 
and who was his friend. Only a few 
stood with him but he commanded 
the respect of all. 

Air. Smiley was born April 10, 
1849, of good old New England stock. 
His father. Dr. James R. Smiley, was 
skilful in his profession, careful and 
conscientious, and one in whose hands 
no one would hesitate to place his 
life. His grandfather on his mother's 
side, Dr. Robert Lane, was a noted 
surgeon in the Mexican War, and his 
mother was a beautiful character, in 
whose motherly face the sunshine was 
always seen. 

We close this brief tribute — " sub- 
duing our desire to linger yet" and 
restrained only by the voice of our 
friend : 

"On that far off, that unseen shore 

Shall we not meet as heretofore 

Some summer morning?''' 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. EDWARD H. STURTEVANT. 

Edward IT. Sturtevant, a prominent citizen 
and former mayor of Franklin, died in that 
city March 6, 1913. 

He was a native of Craftsbury, Vt., born 
April 27, 1845. He graduated from Barton, 
Vt., Academy when sixteen years of age. 
taught school the next winter, and entered 
a drug store the following spring, to learn 
the business. Two years later he went to 
Wellington, Ohio, where he had charge of 
a drug store till 1866, when lie returned east 
and established himself in business at Leb- 
anon, but sold out soon after, and was engaged 
in the trade in different places till 187.4, 
when he located in Franklin, where he re- 
mained through life. He disposed of his 
drug business many years ago, and purchased 
an interest in the Franklin Xeedle Co., of 
which he became treasurer and manager. 
He greatly increased and developed the 
business of the company, which now employs 
200 men, its product being sold all over the 
world. 

He was a director of the Franklin National 



Bank, a trustee of the Franklin Savings 
Bank, president of the Fianklin Falls Co., 
a director of the Sulloway Mills, of the Kidder 
Machine Co., and of the Franklin Build- 
ing and 'Loan Association. He was also 
secretary-treasurer of the Hemphill Manufac- 
turing Co., of Pawtucket, R. I., manufactur- 
ing knit ring machines. He was a Republican 
in politics, a Unitarian in religion and promi- 
nent in the Masonic and Odd Fellows organ- 
izations. He served in the legislature in 
1893-4 and was the second Mayor of Frank- 
lin, following Chief Justice Parsons. 

He was married. May 12, 1869, to Ada E. 
Martin, who survives ,with two daughters — 
Eva, wife of "George L. Hancock and Ruth 
wife of Arthur M. Hancock of Franklin. 

REV. JOSIAH H. HOOPER. 

Rev. Josiah IT. Hooper, the oldest member 
of the N. H. Methodist Conference, died 
at his home in Mill Village, March 2. He 
was born in East Limington, Me., March 
16, 1819, was educated at Parsonsfield Acad- 
emy, worked for a time as a blacksmith and 



New Hampshire Necrology 



165 



then took up the ministry, preaching several 
years in Maine, and joining the N. II. 
Conference, with which he has since been 
connected, in 1854. He had preached in Lan- 
caster, Lisbon, Bristol. King-ton, Henhiker, 
Warren. Rumney. East Haverhill, Haverhill, 
Pierraonr. East Lempster, Cornish, South 
Acworth and Goshen, residing in the latter 
place since 1SS3. Foi the last 23 years of 
his life he was blind, but continued to preach, 
wherever called, and to perform o f her minis- 
terial duties up to a few weeks before his 
death. He had been three times married, 
his last wife dying four years ago. 

RODNEY M, ST1MS0X 

Rodney Mefcalf Samson, a native of Mil- 
ford, born October 26, 1822, son of Phineas 
and Rhoda (Metcalfj Stimson, died early in 
February of the present vear, at Marietta, 
Ohio. 

He was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy 
and Marietta College, graduating from the 
latter in 1S47. He engaged for a time in 
teaching, but studied law and was admitted 
to the bar in 1849, commencing practice at 
Marietta, but soon removing to Ironton, in 
the same state, where he started the Ironton 
Register, a weekly paper, which he conducted 
for twelve years. He then returned to 
Marietta, where he published the Marietta 
Register for ten years. 

He was strongly interested in politics as a 
Republican, was often a' delegate to the 
Republican State Convention, and was a 
delegate in the National Conventions that 
nominated John C. Fremont and James A. 
Garfield for president. He was twice elected 
to the Ohio State Senate. He had a strong 
taste for books, was Librarian of the Ohio 
State Library from 1S77 to 1S79, and was 
tendered the position of assistant librarian 
in the Congressional Library at Washington 
in 1881, but declined. He had a very valuable 
private library of over 19.000 volumes, which 
he presented in 1900 to Marietta College, of 
which he had long been a trustee. 

Mr. Stinson had been twice married, first 
to Juliette B. Hurd of Ironton, July 23, 1851, 
who died ten years later; and second. October 
28, 1862, to Julia I. Sheppard, also deceased, 
leaving one daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth Gillet 
Corwin. 

CHRISTOPHER C. SHAW 

Christopher C. Shaw, born in Milford, 
March 20, 1824, died in that town, March 20, 
1913. 

Mr. Shaw was the son of William and 
Betsey Shaw. He received a common 

school education, and, at the age of seventeen, 
being physically unable to bear the strain 
of farm life, engaged in the occupation of a 
traveling salesman, which he followed through 
the greater portion of his life, though at times 
engaged in local trade in Milford, Lawrence 



and Boston. For some yeais previous to his 
death he had been known as the oldest travel- 
ing salesman in New England, as well as 
one of the most popular. 

He was one of the first men in New Hamp- 
shire to become interested in the Grange 
movement, and himself organized many of 
the early Granges in the state. He was the 
first general deputy, and first secretary of the 
State Grange" and the first Master of Granite 
Grange, No. S, of Milford. He was the first 
president of the Grange Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company, and had been secretary and presi- 
dent of the Grange Mutual Relief Associa- 
tion. He was particularly interested in 
Horticulture and was for many years president 
of the Xew Hampshire Horticultural Society, 
as well as a member of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural and the American Pomological 
societies. 

Mr. Shaw was deeply interested in his- 
torical matters and was the founder and first 
president of the Milford Historical and 
Genealogical societies. Politically he was a 
liberal Republican, and equally liberal in his 
religious views. He married August 27, 1S46, 
Miss Rebecca P. Hutchinson of Milford, 
with whom he lived over sixty yeais, till his 
death a few years since. Three children had 
also preceded him "across the liver, " the 
last survivor, Horatio C , dying in September 
last. 

Mr. Shaw was universally esteemed for his 
kindly spirit, sterling integrity, and unyield- 
ing devotion to the truth as he saw it. 



LEONARD C. BRICKETT 

Leonard C. Brickett, who enjoyed the dis- 
tinction of being the oldest school-master in 
Massachusetts, died at his home in Lynn, 
March 19, 1913. 

He was a native of the town of Deny, 
born August 5, 1S32. He was educated in the 
public schools and Pinkerton Academy, and 
commenced teaching in the latter institution 
where he remained two years, afterwards 
teaching in Peabody and" Danvers, Mass. 
In 1860 he became principal of the English 
High School in Lynn. Later he was trans- 
ferred to the Shepard School in the same city, 
continuing till his retirement in 1892. The 
fine new school building in Lynn, on Lewis 
Street, erected last year was named in his 
honor. 

FRANKLIN PIERCE 

Franklin Pierce, born in Manchester, 
August 3, 1849, died at Lenoxville, P. Q., 
March 18, 1913. 

He was a son of Col. Thomas Pierce, a 
soldier of the Mexican war, serving with Gen. 
Franklin Pierce, and later prominent in 
public and business liie in Nashua, where he 
had removed. He was educated in the Man- 
chest et schools and at Applcton Academy, 
Xew Ipswich, and engaged in the service of 



166 



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The Granite Monthly 



the Nashua Gird uud Paper Company, of 
which his father was president. His connec- 
tion with this company continued till 1SS7, 
when he became apart owner in the Holyoke 
Card and Paper Company, of which he, 
later, became president, taking up his resi- 
dence in Springfield, Mass.. where he also be- 
came a director in the Springfield National 
Bank, and was for a time pesident of the 
Springfield Biewery Company. 

He married, in 1875, Mary H. Mason of 
Fall River, who survives him. He was a 
member of St. Paul's Universalist Church, 
and the Nayasset Chib of Springfield. 



HON. FRANK O. BRIGGS 

Hon. Frank Obadiah Briggs. late United 
States Senator from New Jersey, died at 
his home in Trenton, N. J.. May 8, 1913. 

Mr. Briggs was born in Concord, N. H., 
August 12, 1S51, the son of Hon. James F. 
and R.oseanna (Smith) Briggs, his father 
having been a prominent New Hampshire 
lawyer and politician, who served as a rep- 



resentative from the second New Hampshire 
District m Congress, and resided for many 
years in Manchester. He was educated at 
Phillips Exeter Academy, and West Point 
Military Academy, graduating from the latter 
in 1872. He served as second lieutenant in 
the second United States Infantry till 1S77, 
when he resigned and located in Trenton, 
N. J., where he became assistant treasurer 
of the John A. Rocbling's Son's Company, 
and, later, first vice-president of the Norfolk 
and Portsmouth Traction Company. 

He was active and prominent in Repub- 
lican politics, in New Jersey; was mayor of 
Trenton from 1S00 to 1902; member of the 
State Board of Education in 1901 and 1902, 
and state treasurer from 1902 till his election 
to the United States Senate in 1907, his term 
expiring on the 4th of March, last. He was 
also chairman of the Republican State Com- 
mittee from 1904 till the time of his death. 

He was a member of the Union League, 
Lawyers Club and various other organiza- 
tions of New York and New Jersey. Septem- 
ber 23, 1871, he married Emily A. Allison 
of Trenton. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



As the Granite Monthly goes to press, 
May 21, it seems practically certain that the 
Legislative session of 1913 will come to an 
end with the close of today's session, though 
the same may be carried over into the morn- 
ing hours. It has been the longest session in 
the history of the state, and in some respects 
the most unsatisfactory, since the amount of 
beneficial legislation has not been commen- 
surate with the time occupied. The undue 
length of the session is attributable to the 
protracted contesi over the United States 
sehatorship and the introduction at a late day 
of partisan measures that should have come 
in earlier, if at all. Among measures of most 
importance, enacted, are those abolishing all 
boards of trustee? of state institutions.' es- 
tablishing a board of control and providing 
for a purchasing agent by whom all supplies 
for the various instirutionsshallbe purchased; 
appropriating S300.0G0 for state highways 
of which $200,000 goes toward the comple- 
tion of the north and south trunk lines al- 
ready under way, and S100 ; 000 toward a 
southern cross-state line, from Walpole to 
Portsmouth; reorganizing the bank and fish 
and game commissions, so that each shall in- 
clude only one commissioner; abolishing the 
board of agriculture and providing for acom- 
rnissjoner of agriculture, at a salary of ?3,.";00 
per year in place of the present secretary of 
the board at $1,500; increasing the salaries 
of the justices of the Supreme and Superior 
court? to $4,500 bach; abolishing all the pres- 



ent police courts and establishing fifty-four 
district courts to cover the entire state; re- 
districting the state for the election of both 
councilors and senators, and providing for the 
election of delegates to national political con- 
ventions by direct vote of the people. 



The governor and council have filled the 
vacancy on the bench of the Superior Court 
by the appointment of Hon. John Kivel of 
Dover, who has been a member of the State 
Board of License Commissioners since the es- 
tablishment of that body six years ago. Mr. 
Kivel is a native of Dover, born April 20, 
1S55. He graduated from Dartmouth College 
in the class of 1876, studied law with the late 
Frank Hobbs of Dover, was admitted to the 
bar in 1879, and has since been engaged in 
practice in that city, with great success. He 
is recognized as among the ablest lawyers in 
the state, and has three times been elected 
solicitor of Strafford County, Democrat 
though he is. and the county strongly Repub- 
lican. On grounds of personal and profes- 
sional fitness the appointment is certainly a 
most creditable one. 



In the compilation of the legislative 
sketches in the last issue of the Granite 
Monthly, the committee assignments of Mr. 
Hobbs of Wolfeboro were confounded with 
those of Hobbs of Ossipee. The former hold.-? 
membership on the Judiciary arid National 
Affairs Committees. 



XLV, No- c> / JUNE, 191.} New Series. Vol. VIU, No, 6 ' 



THE 






JL Y ilk s %*^-^ A. 1 *A xl J - sJ^M^f 






A New Hampshire Magazin 

fevoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 



«1 . , fifr 

£3 v CONTENTS FOR JUNE fgW* 

*^4 Bradford Matters and Men. With frontispiece, , ... « 26^ |&^$«> 

£<« By H. H. Meicalf. Illustrated. &i' 

Jcg) A Trip to Lost River. ... . . . ... SOI fp^ 

•p¥^ By Katherine C. Mea-Jer. Illustrated; 



4sp$ Carrigain and Carter . - .... . . . . . SOS 2&i 

w<y New Hampshire Necrology . . . .... 313 llLi 

#~&* i 



^.^•) "Editor aud Publisher's Notes . . . . 314 fjfcii 1 



«£* 



g? Poems jgSi* 

<^L By Mrs. L. J. H. Frost, Stewart Everett Rowe, Amy J. Doiloff, H. J. Hall, Cok-tta Ryan, Theo- |>;J^3 



dora Cha?&, Bcla Chapiu. ((P^ 



ssued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. MET( ~'^*n Ji n?.r 



ERNS: $1.00 per annum, in sd?ar-ce; $l.S0 11 not paid in advance. Single copies, IS cent! 

COiMCORD, N. H., 1913 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



«-.;-:•••«•— :-- •;■ - •■-,.— ■ 



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~'y-'- i "im:-'!-±!^ : -'- -..' : - -'-i'— " -•■ : -- ^i -4- •'*' : -'-*- ■ 



HON. JOHN Q. A. BRACKET! 
Ex-Governor of Massachusetts 



HMOfc^" lii l5,,vn N » v ' 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLV, No. 6 



JUNE, 1913 



New Series, Vol. 8, No. 6 

P&.3U/I-3W* 



BRADFORD MATTERS AND MEN 

By #. #. ilfefeo?/ 



View of a Section of Bradford Village 



The town of Bradford, located well 
up in the "hill country" which sepa- 
rates the Merrimack and Connecticut 
valleys, midway between Concord and 
Claremont, while playing no con- 
spicuous part in the early history 
of New Hampshire, and numbering 
among its residents no representa- 
tives of the old colonial aristocracy 
whose stately homes yet remain as 
notable landmarks in some sections 
of the State, was settled, nevertheless, 
by a frugal, industrious and patriotic 
class of people, who ultimately devel- 
oped a prosperous agricultural com- 
munity, not withstanding the generally 
rugged nature of the soil, and con- 
tributed their full share toward the 
upbuilding of the State. 

The township, as now constituted, 
covers an area substantially five 
niiles by six, or about thirty square 



miles, embracing a little less than 
20,000 acres, much of which is 
rocky hill land, never susceptible of 
cultivation, although some of the 
lowlands and sloping hillsides are 
fairly productive. The scenery, at 
all events, though probably uncon- 
sidered by the early settlers, is varied 
and attractive, with beautiful lakes 
set among the wooded hills, making 
it a most eligible locality for present 
day summer boarders, who are accom- 
modated in considerable numbers 
within its borders, and might well be 
to a far greater extent. The largest 
lake within the town limits is Massa- 
secum, formerly known as Bradford 
Pond, which is some two miles in 
length and covers several hundred 
acres. It lies in the central eastern 
section, and has come to be a popular 
summer resort, quite a number of 



Xkl 



2GS 



The Granite Monthly 



cottages dot tins; its shores, which are 
generally wooded. Todd Pond, on 
the northern border, lying partly in 
the town of Newbury is a short 
distance north of the village, and is 
another attractive body of water, and 
contains several floatingislands, which 
are a natural curiosity of no little 
interest. « 

There is a disagreement as to who 
was the first white settler within the 
limits of the town The published 
statements generally credit William 
Presbury (as the name was first 
spelled, though it later recorded as 
Presby) with the honor, which is 
contested bv the descendants of 



It is claimed, on the other hand, 
although there are no records to show 
it, that Isaac Davis, the progenitor 
of a prominent family, including 
Eliphalet and Curtis Davis, the ex- 
tensive soap manufacturers of Cam- 
bridge, Mass., had settled within the 
limits of the town before 1766, and 
that he had a son, Daniel, born here 
that year. It matters little, however, 
which came first. The two were, 
unquestionably, Bradford's ''first 
families,''' though others came, in a few 
years later, several families coming 
from Bradford, Mass., in 1774, giving 
the settlement, naturally enough, the 
name of ''New Bradford." 



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Bradford Pood, Lake Massasecum 



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Isaac Davis and their friends. It 
is certain that in the fall of 1770 
William Presbury, coming then from 
Henniker where there was then quite 
a settlement, but originally from 
Stowe, Mass., took up a lot of land 
in Bradford, made a small clearing, 
built a cabin, and, early in the next 
year, removed there with his wife, 
who was Miss Dorcas Whittemore 
of Pembroke, member of a noted 
family, and established his home. 
Here, two years later, a daughter, 
Phoebe, was born, credited with 
being the first white child born in 
Bradford, and who afterwards be- 
came the wife of Gen. Stephen Hoyt, 
long a prominent citizen of the town. 



It was not until 1787 that the town 
was incorporated, and the charter 
granted by the General Court, then 
sitting at Charlestown, September 
27 of that year, covered not only the 
territory included in New Bradford, 
but also a portion of the town of 
Washington and a strip of land known 
as "Washington Gore." 

There is no official town record 
dating back of 1786; the first town 
meeting whose proceedings are re- 
corded being held on March 27 of 
that year. At this meeting John 
Brown was chosen moderator; Eben- 
ezer Eastman, clerk; James Pres- 
bury, Enoch Hoyt and Isaac Davis, 
selectmen; Nathaniel Presbury, con- 



Bradford Matters and }fcn 



269 



Massasecum Bridge and Rock 



stable, and William Presbury, Daniel 
Cressey and Isaac Davis, surveyors 
of highways. It was voted that all 
public meetings be held at the house 
of William Clement. At a meeting 
held on August 21 of that year it was 
''voted to have a country road laid 
out through Bradford, to Henniker, 
from Fishersfield" (now Newbury). 
At a meeting on November 22, 17S6, 
it was ''voted not to accept the plan 
sent out from the General Court for 
paper money "; but it was also " voted 
to have paper money made," and a 
committee was raised to join with 
other towns in. arranging a plan for 
the same, Capt. William Clement, 
Lieutenant Enoch Hoyt and Nehe- 
miah How being named as such com- 
mittee. What was the outcome of 



this action, and whether any paper 
money provided for through the 
agency of this committee got into 
circulation, or not, we are unable to 
state. 

On October 22, 17S7, a meeting 
duly warned, was held at the house of 
Nathaniel Presbury, it being the first 
meeting under the charter granted by 
the General Court at Charlestowm 
At this meeting Ebenezer Eaton was 
chosen clerk, Daniel Cressy, con- 
stable, and Ebenezer Eaton, James 
Presbury and Simeon Hildreth, 
selectmen. 

x\t how early a date teaching and 
preaching were in order in the com- 
munity is not apparent, from the 
absence of all records during the 
first years of the settlement; but 






Haystack Mountain, South Part of the Town 



' 



270 



The Granite Monthly 






«gj 



Todd Pond and Floating Islands 



that a school had been in operation, 
and religious services h^ld previous 
to 1791, is evident from the fact that 
at a town meeting held April 22 of 
that year it was "voted not to keep a 
woman school the present year/ 7 
and it was also " voted that the money 
raised to higher preaching the present 
year be in grain at 4 s. per bushel." 
Undoubtedly some woman had 
taught school in town before this 
date and somebody had been hired 
or "Mgkered" to preach the Gospel 
to the people. It is reputed that 
Olive, a daughter of Dea. William 
Presbury, kept a school at times in 
her father's barn; and it is also 
understood that religious services 
were held occasionallv in the barn of 



Daniel Cressey. This Daniel Cressey 
whose name, shortened by dropping 
the "e" in the last syllable, has been 
given world-wide fame by Will M. 
Cressy, the actor and playwright, was 
the keeper of a tavern on the Warner 
road, so we are told, and his barn 
must, naturally, have been an appro- 
priate place for religious gatherings in 
those days, all kinds of creature com- 
forts being readily attainable between 
services, which, according to the 
custom of the time, were held both 
forenoon and afternoon. Public 
houses were also kept by Deacon 
Presbury, and Ebenezer Eaton and, 
later, one at the Center by Ebenezer 
Cressey, called the "Punch Bowl." 
In 1796 the first meeting house was 









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Railroad Station 



Bradford Matters and Men 



271 



built, at the ''Center," and was used 
jointly for town and church purposes, 
as was customary in the early days. 
The Congregationalists, principally 
held religious services there, a number 
of different preachers serving from 
time to time; but it was not until 
November 24, 1803, that a Congrega- 
tional church was organized, which 
church started with fifteen members, 
John Brown and David Ingalls being 
the first deacons. The first regular 
pastor was Rev. Lemuel Bliss, a 
Dartmouth graduate who had studied 
theology with Rev. Samuel Wood of 



fore, refused a settlement. In May, 
1822, Rev. Robert Page was ordained 
and settled, and continued six years 
in the pastorate, adding thirty-five 
members to the church. Soon after 
his departure, as the fruit of seed he 
had sown, we are told that a great 
revival broke out, about a hundred in 
all claiming to have experienced 
" renewing grace." of whom sixty- 
seven united with the church under 
the temporary ministration of one 
Rev. Mr. Kent from Illinois, who 
labored about a year and was fol- 
lowed by Rev. Orlando G. Thatcher 



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Congregational Church, Bradford Center 



Boscawen and was, therefore, well 
grounded in all the essential principles 
and tenets of the Calvinistic faith. 
He was ordained March 6, 1805, and 
held the pastorate till his death, July 
4, 1814, having added fifteen to the 
church membership.. There was then 
an interim of nearly seven years with- 
out a regular pastor, different clergy- 
men supplying during the time. One 
■ — Rev. Hosea Wheeler — was given 
a call by the church, but, asisrecorded, 
was found on examination by the 
council convened for the purpose, to 
be more of a Calvinist Baptist than 
a Congregationalist, and was, there- 



who was there about eight years, 
from 1829 to 1837. 

In 1838 what was denominated "a 
new and elegant meeting house" was 
built by the church, which was dedi- 
cated December 20 of that year- 
Rev. Stephen Rogers being installed 
as pastor at the same time, and two 
new deacons, Jeremiah Colby and 
Silas Abbott, also being ordained. 
Mr. Rogers' pastorate continued 
nearly eight years. Succeeding pas- 
torates were shorter and interest in 
the church work gradually became less 
general, partly perhaps from the fact 
that a Baptist church had been organ- 



272 



The Granite Monthly 



ized at the "Mills," a hamlet at the 
northeast part of the town, which had 
gained a considerable hold in the. 
community. This church was con- 
stituted December 11, 182 1, with 
fifteen members, and a house of wor- 
ship erected in 1S30. The Rev. 
Enoch T. Winters was the first pastor, 
and the line of succession includes 
sixteen different clergymen, the long- 
est pastorate being that of Rev. 
Elbridge Pepper — twelve vears. from 
1872 to 1884. the church edifice 



and settled here three years ago. The 
Congregational Church at the Center, 
having had no settled pastor for 
many years, and having been served 
by supplies from out of town, has 
arrived at the sensible conclusion to 
unite with the Baptists in the support 
of a preacher, and engaged Mr. 
Pendleton to supply its pulpit, as had 
been the case, in fact, with his immedi- 
ate predecessor. He officiates in the 
Baptist Church in the village (where 
he has his residence) in the forenoon, 



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Baptist Church, Biadford 



was extensively remodeled and im- 
proved in 1906, and rededicated with 
elaborate exercises on October 14 of 
that year, upon which occasion Wil- 
liam A. Carr, long time clerk, gave a 
most comprehensive and interesting 
history of the church. The member- 
ship of the church at present is 
between 90 and 100, and is as large as 
at any time in the past. 

The present pastor, and the only 
active clergyman in the town, is the 
Rev. J. S. Pendleton, who was called 



and in the afternoon preaches to the 
Congregationalists and those who 
meet with them in the old church at 
the center. This practical union 
enables the town to command the 
services of a man of ability, who finds 
no difficulty in expounding the Gospel 
along broad Christian lines, regardless 
of the varying notions of his hearers 
concerning non-essential details of 
belief. This is as it should be in 
every small country town. A senti- 
mental interest in the old Congrega- 



Bradford Matters and Men 



273 



tional church, as it used to be, is still 
maintained by many and the one 
hundredth anniversary of its organi- 
zation was duly observed September 
16, 1903,, when descendants of early 
members, and the old attendants of 
later years, with the towns people 
generally, joined in extended exer- 
cises in honor of the occasion. 

Aside from the Congregational and 
Baptist houses of worship at the 
Center and Village, there is a Union 
meeting house at Bradford Pond at 
which religious services have been 
held at different periods and under 
different auspices, but which has been 
little used in recent years. There 
was also worship for -a time, by Free 
Will Baptists in a small meeting house 
in the south part of the town. 

The population of Bradford, by the 
first Federal census, taken in 1790, 
seven years after the close of the 
Revolutionary War, was returned as 
217. The names of heads of families 
in Bradford in 1790, as compiled from 
the first census returns, are as follows: 
Asa Abbot, Paul Abbott, Stephen 
Ward, Ephraim Ward,SamuelClough, 
Reuben Whitcomb, AsaDustin, Moses 
Baley, Peter Hough, Isaac ' Davis, 
James Davis, Daniel Davis, Orphon 
French, Abraham French, Daniel 
Cressey; Joshua Andrews, Eliphalet 
Brown, Enoch Hoyt, Stephen Hoyt, 
Ebenezer Eaton, Simeon Hildreth, 
Ebenezer Colby, William Presby, 
George Presby, John Brown, William 
Brown, Jr., Samuel Cheenee, Daniel 



Young, William Brown, Nathaniel 
Trumball, James Presby, Nathaniel 
Presby, Nathaniel Presby, Jr., Ed- 
ward Cressey, Abner Sweat t, Jacob 
Blanchard, Asa Brockway, Uzziie 
Batchelder, Samuel Crane, Barnet 
Stiles, David Swett, David Ingals, 
Peter Blanchard. 



\ 



. 



: 



Rev. J. S. Pendleton* 

The town appears to have made a 
larger increase in population during 
the decade between 1790 and 1800, 
than in any other, the census of the 
latter year showing 740 inhabitants, 
or more than it has at the present day. 



*Rev. J. S. Pendktor:. pastor of the two Bradford churches, was born in Xorthport, Me., 
March 6, 1884. When thirteen years of age his family moved to Roxbury, Mass., and he at 
once entered school there. He was graduated from the Lewis Grammar School, Roxbury, 
in 1S9S and from the Boston English High School in 1901. 

He then spent two years in Roxbury High School, making a special stud}' of languages, and 
in 19(33 entered Bates College, Lewiston, Me., from which he was graduated in 1907. During 
his college course he was prominent in debating and for two years was a member of the varsity 
debating team. He was also manager of the Bates baseball team of 1907. 

His theological training was received at the Newton Theological Seminary, Newton Center, 
from which institution he received the degree of B. D. in 1910. He was ordained in Roxbury in 
May of the same year and, immediately after his graduation the following June, began active 
work in the Bradford Baptist Church, the call to this pastorate having been given the previous 
November. 

. After a few weeks of service at the village he was engaged as a supply by the Congregational 
Church at Bradford Center and has since been its acting pastor. 

He has always been active in oil the affairs of the town and was this spring elected town 
clerk. He is a member of the order of United American Mechanics and a Mason. In politics 
he is a Democrat. 



274 



The Granite Monthly 



In 1810 there were 1,034 people in 
town: in 1820, 1,318; in 1S30. 1,285; 
in mm, 1,331 and in 1850, 1,341— 
the largest number ever returned, a 







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Pond Church 

gradual decrease appearing from that 
time until the last census, of 1910, 
when the total population of the 
town was given as 695'. Contrary to 
the result in most places the advent 
of the railroad seems to have brought 
no increase in population to Bradford. 
The Concord arid Claremont railroad 
was completed to this point in 1850, 
and Bradford Village remained its 
terminus for nearly twenty years. 
Yet the population of the town had 



fallen to 1,182 in 1S60. The village 
itself increased in size and importance 
it is true, but at the expense appar- 
ently of the town at large. There 
had been two small villages in fact — 
the "Mills" and the "Corner"— 
half a mile or more apart, each impor- 
tant in its own way, and maintaining 
no small degree of rivalry. The 
railroad came in midway between 
these villages, and the building up 
of the intervening section practically 
united the two, and they have come to 
constitute a single village, lying, 
mainly, along a single street for the 
distance of a mile or more, in which 
there is, altogether, a very considera- 
ble amount of business done by the 
people of Sutton and Newbury, as 
well as those of Bradford, and the 
eastern part of Washington, coming 
here for trade and other business 
purposes. 

Although chartered in 1787, it was, 
apparently, not till 1795 that the 
town was represented in the General 
Court, and then classed with Fishers- 
field (now Newbury), which arrange- 
ment continued several years into 
the last century. 

Ebenezer Eaton, the first town 
clerk, was also the first representative, 
in 1795 and 1796; John Burns serv 
in 1797, 1799 and 1801, while Hum- 
phrey Jackman represented the two 
towns in 1800 and 1802. No repre- 



I 



Looking down Main Street toward the "Corner." Baptist Parsonage at the Left 



Bradford Matters and Men 



2/5 



* 1 



School House and Town Hall 



sentative seems to have been chosen 
in 1803. The succession since that- 
time has been as follows : 1804. Enoch 
Hoyt; 1805, Samuel Gunnison: 1806- 
07, Enoch Hovt; 1S0S-09, Ebenezer 
Cressey; 1810-11, John Smith; 1812, 
Humphrey Jackman; 1813, John 
Smith; 1814, S. Hovt, Jr.; 1815-16- 
17-18-19-20. John Smith: 1821-22- 
23-24, Samuel Jones; 1825-26-27- 
28, Daniel Milieu: 1829-30, Jason H. 



Ames; 1831-32-33, Samuel Jones; 
1834, Jason H. Ames; 1835-36, John 
Gillingham; 1837-38-39-40-41, Bar- 
tholomew Smith; 1S42, Samuel Jones; 
1843, Bartholomew Smith; 1844-45, 
George Jones; 1846-47, Enoch Sweatt; 
1848-49, Bard P. Paige; 1850, Bar- 
tholomew Smith; 1851-52, M. E. 
Baxter; 1853-54-55, Mason W. Tap- 
pan ; 1S56-57, Joshua Eaton ; 185S-59, 
John W. Morse; 1860-61, Cummings 



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Residences of Mrs. Mary A. Blaisdell and Martin H. Huntoon 



27G 



The Granite Monthly 



Pierce; 1862-63. John H. Eaton; 
1864-65, George O. Sawyer; 1866, 
Hiram Blanehard; 1867-68) William 
O. Heath; 1869-70-71, Jonathan J. 
Blaisdell; 1872-73, Horace K, Mar- 
tin; 1874-75, Timothy P. Jones; 1S76, 
C. F. Davis ; 1S77. Addison S. Cressev; 
1878-79, John E. French; 1880-81, 
Dana G. Peasiee; 1882-83, Joseph C. 
Currier; 1884-85, John A. Peasiee; 
1S86-87, William Trow; 1SSS, John 
W. Morse; 1889-90. Moodv Morse) 
1S91-92, Eben U. Wright; 1S93-94, 
Everett Kittredge; 1895-96, B. F. 
Abbott; 1897-98, Freeman H. Gil- 
lingham; 1899-1900, Edward C. Mes- 



built a hotel at the "Mills/' about 
1815, which he conducted. He be- 
came a prominent citizen, served 
many years as selectman and repre- 
sentative and was a member of the 
State Senate in 1836, 1S37 and 1838, 
and president of that body in the 
latter year — the only Bradford man 
who ever held the office, while he and 
John W. Morse were the only sena- 
tors that the town has furnished. 

Speaking of hotels, the most famous 
one in Bradford was the old " Ray- 
mond House," built early in the 
century by John Raymond, who 
married one of the several daughters 





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Oldest House in Bradford, Built by Gen. Stephen Hoyt* 



ser; 1901-02, Harrv W. Marshall; 
1903-04, H. P. Morse; 1905-06, G. A. 
Putnam; 1907-08, G. H. Cheney; 
1909-10, G. W. W. Cressev; 1911-12, 
Roswell W. Cummings; 1913-14, 
Joseph H. Trow. 

It was not till some years into the 
last century that a post office was 
established in town, the first post- 
master being Samuel Jones who had 
removed to Bradford from Warner and 

*This house was built by Gen. Stephen Hoyt in 1797 
and is .said to be the oldest house, now standing, m town 



of William Presbury, and was a promi- 
nent figure in the community. This 
house became specially noted from 
the fact that General Lafayette was 
entertained therein, during his visit 
to America and tour of the country, 
June 27, 1825 — eighty-eight years ago. 
It was also noted at the time of its 
destruction by fire in November, 1S97, 
as being the oldest house in New 
England that had been kept, con- 

— one hundred and sixteen years ago, 

It is occupied bv Elbridge G. Hoyt, 

' >rn. General 



a grandson of General Hoyt. whose daughter is the wife of Joseph W. Sanbo 

Hoyt came* to Bradford from Hopkinton and married, Phoebe, daughter of William Presbury 

reported to be the first white child born in town. 



Bradford Matters arid Men 



277 



The Old Raymond House 



tinuously as a hotel. Some forty 
years ago it passed into the hands of 
Charles Gillis, who conducted it until 
it was burned, a period of twenty-four 
years, as a temperance hotel strictly, 
never having sold a glass of liquor in 
all that time. 

This Charles Gillis, by the way, is 
a man of marked characteristics and 
unique personality. He was born in 
Francestown, October 5, 1838, and 
was educated in David Crosby's 
famous school in Nashua. He served 
in the Eighth New Hampshire Regi- 
ment in the Civil War; was with 
Butler at New Orleans, where he 
witnessed the hanging of Mumford, 
and with Sheridan during the cele- 
brated Wilson Raid in Virginia, par- 
ticipating in the fiery devastation of 
the Luray Valley. Among his many 
exciting experiences was that of 
witnessing the execution of the con- 
spirators connected with the assassina- 
tion of President Lincoln at the close 
of the war. He has been in the hotel 
business for Tift v vears, having estab- 
lished the St. Charles Hotel, at Hills- 
borough Lower Village, after the war, 
and conducted it for ten years. After 
the burning of the Raymond House, 
he built a fine house a short distance 
to the south of the old site on the 
corner, where he has since resided, 



entertaining some summer boarders 
who appreciate the choice service and 
accommodations which he offers; cul- 
tivating some of the productive soil 






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Charles Gillis 

adjacent, and often officiating as an 
auctioneer in this and surrounding 
towns — an occupation which he has 
followed incidentally for many years. 
Mr. Gillis lias always been alive to 



278 



The Granite Mcnthhf 






■ 






Residence of Charles Gillis 



the welfare of the town, and politically 
he is an independent republican of 
strong progressive tendencies. 

A "rough diamond" sort of man, 
with a big, kind heart, he never turned 
any one away empty, whatever his 
circumstances, and his chief pride 
may well be in the fact that he is 
knownas a goodneighboranda faithful 
friend. He has been twice married, 
first to Augusta King of Nashua, and, 
after her decease, to Anna H. Bobbins 
of Hillsborough. 



About the time of the advent of 
the railroad, a hotel of considerable 
pretension, known as the "Presby 
House," was built and conducted 
here for several years, and then 
destroyed by fire. Later another 
large hotel known as the "Bradford 
Hotel" was erected, but has not been 
successfully conducted, for some rea- 
son or other, and has been closed 
much of the time for the past few 
years, though again opened recently. 
The place has not suffered, however, 



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"Wood-Side," R. W. Cummings, Prop'r., Former Home of Col. M. W. Tappan 



Bradford Matters and Men 



279 



for want of good accommodations 
for transient guests and the general 
traveling, public. These have been 
furnished at "Wood- side/' the former 
residence of Col. Mason W. Tappan, 
which was purchased twenty-three 
years ago by Roswell W. Cummings, 
who came here from Guildhall, Yt., 
two years before, and who immedi- 
ately fitted up and opened the place 
as a summer boarding house, soon se- 
curing a substantial patronage, on ac- 
count of the charming location and 
surroundings, as well as the eminently 
satisfactory service. For the last two 
or three years transient guests have 



a dozen years on the school board, of 
which he is now chairman. He was 
also representative in the last legisla- 
ture, and is, politically, a Democrat. 
Reference to summer boarders sug- 
gests the fact that some of the enter- 
prising farmers of the town, aware 
of the natural attractions of the 
region, and the increasing tendency 
among city people to spend some 
portion of the summer season in the 
country, have arranged to provide ac- 
commodations for summer boarders. 
The largest and most favorably known 
establishment of the kind in town 
is that of the "Pleasant View Farm," 







Pleasant View 



also been entertained, and exami- 
nation of the register shows that 
one once entertained there is likely 
to stop again. Fifteen hundred 
guests were accommodated there last 
year. The farm connected with the 
place, containing about seventy-five 
acres, is an excellent one, and a 
magnificent growth of pines, near the 
house and highway, is one of its chief 
attractions, and an ornament to the 
village itself. 

Mr. Cummings has been an active 
man in the community for many 
years, serving a long time as town 
clerk, several years as selectman, and 



E. C. Messer & Son, proprietors. 
This farm, which contains some 250 
acres of excellent land, is delightfully 
located two miles out of the village, 
in the midst of a charming landscape, 
commanding many beautiful views. 
The house has modern equipment, 
with abundance of pure spring water, 
good light, fresh air, steam heat when 
needed, and every necessary con- 
venience. In connection with the 
house, tents are provided on raised 
flooring, among the beautiful shade 
trees surrounding the place, which, 
can be used by those desiring out- 
door sleeping accommodations. An 



280 



The Granite Monthly 



abundant supply of pure milk, butter, 
eggs, fruit, berries and vegetables, 
produced on the farm is provided 



Hopkinton, X. H., where the father 
died when Daniel was young, and 
at the age of 14 he became clerk in 



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the guests, of whom sixty were enter- 
tained last season. There is a garage 
in connection, and auto service is 
furnished all who desire the same, at 
moderate rates. 

In this connection it may be noted 
that a cozy cottage boarding house 
for local accommodation, which had 
acquired considerable popularity, is 
conducted near the Corner by Mr. 
and Mrs. John A. Hall, both promi- 
nent workers in various fraternal 
organizations. 

Bradford has been a center of trade 
for a considerable, surrounding region 
for a century at least. Many men 
have been successfully engaged here 
in different lines of mercantile activ- 
ity, but perhaps the most notable 
fact in connection with the commer- 
cial history of the town is, that what 
is now, and has long been the princi- 
pal general store in town has been 
conducted by members of the same 
family for more than three quarters 
of a century, the business having 
been commenced here in 1836 by 
Daniel Carr, and continued to the. 
present time by himself and his 
descendants. This Daniel Carr was 
born in Newbury, Mass., August 2, 
1801, the family soon removing to 



Echo Cottage. Popular Boarding House 

the store of Lewis Bailey at South 
Sutton, remaining till 1824, when he 
purchased the store and stock and con- 
ducted the business for about ten years, 




X# 









Daniel Carr 

meanwhile — on February 27, 1827, 
— having married Rhoda, daughter 
of Joseph Bartlett of Warner. A 
son, William A. Carr, was born to 



Bradford Matters and Men 



281 



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- 



Carr's Store 



them January 10, 1828. About 1834 
Daniel Carr sold his business to his 
brother, Moses, and removed to Con- 





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alone till July, 1854, when his son, 
William A., became his partner, under 
the firm name of D. <fc W. A. Carr. 
In July, 1875, the elder Carr retired 
and the business was conducted by 
William A., till January, 18S7, when 
he, in turn retired, surrendering to 



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William A. Carr 



cord, where he was engaged in trade 
until the death of his wife, November 
29, 1856, when he removed to Brad- 
ford, where he bought the store and 
stock of John D. Wadleigh, father 
of the late Senator Bainbridge Wad- 
teigh. Here he continued in trade 



William M. Carr 



his son, William M., who has since 
conducted it. 

It should be stated that Daniel 



282 



The Granite Monthly 



Carr left two children by a second 
wife — Caroline Tappan daughter of 
Weare Tappan — Frank T. Carr still 







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New London Academy of the class of 
1S77. He married Mary L. Harts- 
horn, February 22, 1882. They have 
four children, George W., born August 
10, 1885; Ruth E., January 31, 1888; 
Lena F. and Leon H., June 5, 1891. 
Another son, David H., born May 
31, 1893, died January 9. 1S99. All 
the living children are graduates 
of New London Academy. George 
W. has been for the last seven years 
in the employ of the American Smelt- 
ing and Refining Company, in Nevada 
and Arizona. Ruth E. graduated 
from Simmons College three years 
ago and has been teaching since, in 
Virginia and "Georgia. Lena and 
Leon have just graduated, the one 
from Brown University and the other 
from the Keene Normal School. 



Bradford's present board of select- 
men or "town fathers," consists of 
Messrs. Frank O. Mel via, Joseph W. 
Sanborn, and George W. W. Cressey. 



George W. Carr 

living in Bradford, and Kate, who 
married Dr. C. A. Carlton of Salem, 
Mass., and resides there. William A. 
Carr, a thorough gentleman of the 
old school, who, at the age of 85, 
remains an honored and active mem- 
ber of the community, and who has 
been a leading spirit in the Baptist 
Church for more than half a century, 
married first, January 10, 1856, Har- 
riet Martin, who died in January, 
1856. They had four children, Wil- 
liam M., born May 4, 1857, Mabel 
M.j now Mrs. Mark Muzzey of New- 
bury, born June 28, 1859, and two 
sons who died young. Mr. Carr is an 
earnest Republican in politics, and 
held the office of postmaster for 
twenty four years in succession, under 
six different administrations, from 
1861 to 1884 inclusive, a longer contin- 
uous term than any other incumbent 
in town. 

William M. Carr, the present pro- 
prietor of the store, is a graduate of 



&*, 



F. O. Melvin 



Air. Melvin, the chairman, is now 
serving his fourth year upon the 
board. He is also a member of the 
school board, upon which he has 



Bradford Matters and Men 



2s; 



served eighteen years, altogether. 
He is a successful farmer, and has 
long been a breeder of prize Guernsey 
cattle, and has also won many prizes 



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J. W. Sanborn 



^:£ 



on dairy products. He is an Odd 
Fellow, a member of the Grange, in 
whose work he has been prominent, 
and also an active member of the 
Granite State Dairymen's Associa- 
tion. He was born January 26, 1857 
and married Katie A. Knights of 
Bradford December 31, 1887. 

Joseph W. Sanborn, who is on his 
third term as selectman is also serving 
his fifth year as a member of the 
school board. He is a native of 
Liberty, Me., born May 12, 1865. 
He married Laura Hoyt of Bradford, 
a descendant of the noted Gen. 
Stephen Hoyt, and in whose family 
possession the homestead, upon which 
is the oldest house in town, built by 
General Hoyt still remains. He is a 
photographer by occupation, and 
resides at the Center. He is active 
1R politics as a Democrat, and pre- 
sided at the big Democratic jubilee 
in Bradford, the first held in town for 
nearly a generation, following the 



last election. At a recent meeting of 
the Governor and Council he was ap- 
pointed Judge of the Bradford District 
Court, 

George W. W. Cressey is a native 
of Nashua, born January 14, 1847. 
He married Ella F. Presby of Brad- 
ford December 24, 1871. He was 
engaged in teaming in Boston for 
twenty-eight years, but for the last 
ten years has been a farmer in Brad- 
ford. He has served one year as a 
selectman and three years on the 
school board. He is a member of St. 
Peter's Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and 
of the Odd Fellows and Rebekah 
degree lodges. 





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G. W. W. Cressey 

Of fraternal societies and organi- 
zations there are a goodly number in 
town — more than in most places of 
its size. St. Peter's Lodge of Masons 
is one of the oldest in the state, having 
been chartered June 20, 1820, and 
its members are looking forward with 
interest to the one hundredth anni- 
versary, which will be celebrated with 
due eclat. Many distinguished mem- 
bers of the order were here initiated, 
including, it is said, not less than four 



284 



The Granite Monthly 



Grand Masters of the New Hampshire 
Grand Lodge. There is also a lodge 
of the I. 0. O. F., Massasecum, No. 
34, chartered November 14, 1878; 
a Rebekah lodge, a G. A. R. Post and 
Eelief Corps; a Council of the U. 0. 
A. M., and of the D. of L., as well as 
a Grange of the Patrons of Hus- 
bandry, Bradford, No. 58, chartered 
May 22, 1875. Not less important 
than any other organization is Mercy 
Hathaway "White Chapter, Daughters 
of the American Revolution, founded 




Gen. Stephen Hoyt 

in January, 1912, by Mary Isabel 
Greeley, with sixteen charter members 
which number has already increased 
to about thirty, Miss Greeley being 
regent as well as founder. The 
chapter is arranging for the erection of 
a suitable tablet, in the square, front- 
ing the location of the old Raymond 
House, where General Lafayette was 
entertained in June 1725, in memory 
of his visit. The old doorstep of the 
hotel, donated by Mr. Gillis, is to be 
utilized as the foundation on which a 
boulder bearing the tablet will be 
placed. 

A graded school, with primary and 



grammar departments, occupies the 
lower story of the town building in the 
western section of the village, while 
the upper story contains a spacious 
and well-appointed town hall, used 
for all public gatherings and enter- 
tainments. A good public library 
is accessible to all. and a small weekly 
newspaper — The Pathfinder and Visi- 
tor— ris published here, by F. H. 
Howe. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

To sketch, even in outline, the 
careers of all those natives and resi- 
dents of the town of Bradford who 
have gained distinction or accom- 
plished substantial results in the va- 
rious lines of effort which they have 
pursued, would require vastly more 
time and space than the scope of 
this article warrants or permits. 
Brief sketches, only, of a few of the 
more prominent are here attempted. 

Hon. John Q. A. Brackett 

Among the many leading men of 
Massachusetts, born and reared in 
the Granite State, a son of old Brad- 
ford, in the person of Hon. John Q. 
A. Brackett, a distinguished ex-gov- 
ernor of the Commonwealth, has long 
held conspicuous position. 

Governor Brackett was born June 
8, 1842, a son of Ambrose Spencer and 
Nancy (Brown) Brackett, and a de- 
scendant, in the eighth generation., of 
Capt. Richard Brackett, born about 
1610, who died in Braintree, Mass., 
March 5, 1690. The line of descent 
is: Richard 1 , James 2 , Joseph'"" 4 " 5 "'', Am- 
brose S. 7 , John Q. A. s Capt. Richard 
Brackett, is supposed to have been 
a native of Scotland, corning over in 
Winthrop's fleet, which arrived at 
Boston in June, 1630. He was one 
of the signers, August 27, 1630, of 
the covenant of the First Church in 
Boston; was made a freeman in 1636, 
and keeper of the prison in 1637. In 
1638 he sold a house and garden on 
Washington Street. In 1639 he be- 
came a member of the artillery com- 



Bradford Matters and Men 



2S5 



pany since known as the " Ancient 
and Honorable." He was a deputy 
to the General Court six year?, and 
chief military commander in Brain- 
tree, thus deriving his title as captain. 
Ambrose S. Brackett, the father of 
John Q. A., born in Quincy, Mass., 
August 6, 1814, married, October 4, 
1S33, Nancy, daughter of John and 
Sarah (Gregg) Brown, born in Brad- 
ford December 31, 1816. She was 
a granddaughter of John Brown, the 
first settler at the Corner, first known 



was Merrimack County Road Com- 
missioner in 1855. 

John Q. A. Brackett fitted for col- 
lege at Colby Academy, graduating 
therefrom in 1861, and, declining an 
appointment to West Point, tendered 
by Col. Mason \V. Tappan then a 
member of Congress, entered Harvard 
College, graduating as class-orator 
in 1865. He graduated from the 
Harvard Law School and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1S68, locating 
in practice in Boston, where he has 



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Birthplace of Hon. J. Q. A. Brackett 



as "John Brown's Corner/ 7 who was 
moderator of the first town meeting 
held under the charter, in 1787, and 
whose house stood on the same spot 
where the boyhood home and present 
summer residence of Governor Brack- 
et! is located. Ambrose S. Brackett 
became a resident of Bradford upon 
his marriage, where he was prominent 
in public affairs in town and county. 
An early abolitionist, he became an 
active member of the Republican 
party upon its organization, and so 
continued till his death in 1878. He 



since continued with enviable success, 
although devoting much of his time, 
for many years, to public service. 
He was twice president of the Boston 
Mercantile Library Association, two 
years a judge advocate in the Mas- 
sachusetts militia: a member of the 
Boston Common Council from 1873 
to 1876 and president the latter year; 
representative in the General Court 
for five years successively, from 1876, 
serving on important committees, and 
again from 1884 to 1886, inclusive, 
being chairman of the judiciary com- 



286 



The Granite Monthly 



mittee in 1884, and speaker in 1SS5 
and 1S86, being elected lieutenant- 
governor in the fall of the latter year, 
and holding the office three years, 
during a portion of which time he 
was acting governor on account of 
the illness of Governor Ames, repre- 
senting the state on various impor- 
tant occasions, among which was the 
dedication of the Pilgrims' Monument 
at Plymouth, when he made an ad- 
dress so notable for its eloquence, that 
an extract therefrom was published 



ernor Brackett has promoted many 
movements tending to promote the 
welfare of the masses, and was spe- 
cially instrumental in that providing 
for the establishment of Cooperative 
Banks, or Building and Loan Asso- 
ciations, in Massachusetts. As a 
public speaker he has long ranked 
among the ablest and most effective 
in Massachusetts or New England. 
On the occasion of the centennial 
celebration of the incorporation of 
Bradford, September, 1887, he was 






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Summer Residence of Hon. J. Q. A. Brackett 



by the Boston Globe among its '"Fa- 
mous Gems of Prose. " In 1889 he 
was elected governor. Since his retire- 
ment from office he has been devoted 
to his profession, but has retained a 
lively interest in public affairs, and in 
politics as a Republican. He was a 
delegate-at-large to the Republican 
National Convention in 1S92; presi- 
dent of the famous Middlesex Club 
from 1893 to 1901, and a presidential 
elector-at-large in 1896, and again in 
in 19C0. 

As a legislator and otherwise, Gov- 



orator of the day jointly with ex- 
Senator Wadleigh, another native. 

Governor Brackett married, June 
20, 1878, Angie Moore, daughter of 
Abel G. and Eliza A. Peck,of Arlington, 
Mass. They have two children, John 
Gavlord, born April 12, 1879, and 
Beatrice, born June 23, 1888. The 
family residence is in Arlington, but 
summer vacations are passed at the 
home in Bradford, for which town 
all cherish a warm affection. 

The son. John Gavlord Brackett, 
graduated from Harvard in 1901 and 



Bradford Matters and Men 



28' 



from the law school in 1904, and has 
been engaged in practice- in Boston. 
He has been for several years moder- 
ator of town meeting in Arlington, lias 
served as assistant in the office of 
the district attorney for Middlesex 
Connty; has been twice a member of 
the House of Representatives, serv- 
ing on the judiciary committee, and 
was recently appointed, by Governor 
Fossa special justice of the Municipal 
Court of Boston. 



Col. Mason W. Tappan 

A leading citizen, of state wide 
reputation, and the only resident 
lawyer in Bradford for many years, 
was Col. Mason W. Tappan. His 
father was Weare Tappan, a native 
of East Kingston, born March 3, 
1790, who graduated from Dart- 
mouth in 1811, studied law with Hon. 
Caleb Ellis of Claremont and Hub- 
bard Newton of Newport; practiced 
for a short time at Newport and 
removed to Bradford in January 1819, 
where he remained in practice until 
his death, April 6, 1868. He married 
Lucinda Atkins of Claremont, Decem- 
ber 25, 1816. He was an able lawyer 
and an ardent admirer of the dis- 
tinguished Jeremiah Mason, in honor 
of whom his son, Mason Weare, was 
named. The latter was born in 
Newport, October 20, 1817. He was 
educated at the public school, at 
" Master" Ballard's famous school 
in Hopkinton, Hopkinton Academy 
and Kimball "Union Academy at 
Meriden. He pursued the study of 
law in his father's office, and with 
.Hon. George W. Nesmith of Franklin, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1841 
and immediately commenced prac- 
tice in Bradford where he continued 
through life, except for the time while 
he was engaged in the public service 
at Washington. 

Like his father, Colonel Tappan 
was a determined opponent of slavery, 
and politically allied himself with the 
free Soil party, and, upon its organ- 
ization, with the Republican party, 



of which he became one of the most 
prominent leaders in the State. He 
represented the town of Bradford in 
the legislature in 1853-54-55, being 
a candidate for speaker of the house 
in 1854, and lacking but two votes 
of an election. In 1855 he was 
elected to Congress from the Second 
New Hampshire District, and twice 
reelected, serving with distinction 
till 1861, when, upon the outbreak 
of the Rebellion, being an earnest 
champion of the Union cause, he was 
commissioned colonel of the First 
New Hampshire Volunteer Regiment, 
of three months men, and commanded 



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The Old Tappan Law Office 

the same in the field during the term 
of enlistment, after which he returned 
to the practice of his profession in 
Bradford, but for many years also 
maintained an office in Concord. 
He was an able lawyer, and a brilliant 
advocate, and his services were in 
wide demand. In 1876 he was ap- 
pointed attorney general of the State, 
and served with great efficiencv till 
his death, October 24, 1886. 

While a life-long Republican, and 
acting with his party up to the time 
of his death, Colonel Tappan was a 



288 



The Granite Monthly 



\ / 



L 



I 



COL. MASON W. TAPPAN 



Bradford Matters and Men 



289 



warm friend and admirer of Horace 
Greeley, whom he regarded as a 
sincere patriot, and in the campaign 
of 1S72 he was allied with the Liberal 
Republican movement in support of 
Mr. Greeley whose candidacy had 
been endorsed by the Democrats, for 
President of the United States, 

Colonel Tappan was active in all 
local enterprises calculated to pro- 
mote the welfare of the town. He 
was deeply interested in agriculture, 
had a fine farm in connection with 
his charming home at u T\~oodside, ? ' 
and was a leading spirit in the organ- 
ization of the Bradford and Xewbury 
Fair of which he was president from 
the start. 

He was three times married; first 
to Emeline M. Worth of vSutton, by 
whom he had one son, Frank M. 
Tappan, now deceased; second to 
Mary E. Jenkins of Boston, and, 
after her death, to Imogene B. At- 
wood of Lisbon, who survives, with 
one daughter, Helen L., the wife of 
Harold D. Goodenough of Brighton, 
Mass., with whom she makes her 
home, taking no little pride in the 
care of a promising young grandson, 
Mason Tappan Goodenough. 



Hon. Bainbridge AVadleigh 

Bainbridge VTadleigh was born in 
Bradford January 4, 1831, son of 
John D. and Hannah (Gillingham) 
Wadleigh. Educated at the public 
school and by private tutors, he was 
prepared for college at fourteen, but 
was compelled to abandon the project 
on account of delicate health. At 
sixteen he commenced the study of 
law 'in the office of Col. Mason W. 
Tappan, and at nineteen was admitted 
to the bar and began practice in the 
town of Milford, in the office of 
Solomon R. Livermore. He early 
took strong interest in political affairs, 
was an earnest opponent of slavery, 
and was elected to the legislature from 
Milford in 1855, at the age of 24. 



He was subsequently elected, and 
served with distinction, in 1S59, I860, 
1869, 1870, 1871 and 1872, being a 
recognized leader on the Republican 
side at each session and taking promi- 
nent part in the debates. He held 
position on important committees, 
including the chairmanship of the 
Judiciary. In a debate on the "previ- 
ous question, " during the memorable 
contest of 1871, in the House, he held 
the floor for seven hours at one time, 
making the most remarkable demon- 
stration of physical and mental en- 
durance ever witnessed in that body 
up to that time. In 1879, after a 
protracted contest in which many 
men of his party were voted for, Air. 
Wadleigh, although not an aspirant 
for the position, was elected to the 
United States Senate, and served for 
a term of six years, with signal ability, 
but with such independence and 
honesty that the party managers 
did not deem it expedient to give 
him another election. He was an 
unrelenting foe of jobbery and cor- 
ruption in all forms, and no hint of 
self aggrandizement ever attached to 
his name. At the close of his sena- 
torial term, in 1879, he resumed the 
practice of law, taking up his resi- 
dence in Boston for that purpose, 
where he continued until his decease 
January 21, 1891, at the compara- 
tively early age of sixty years. 
Marked evidence of his independence 
in political life andaction was given 
by his support of Cleveland against 
Blaine, for President in 1884, when 
he took an active part in the cam- 
paign. He was an able lawyer, a 
forceful and convincing speaker, a 
faithful friend, a patriotic citizen 
and an honest man. 

He married in January, 1853, Ann 
Maria, the accomplished daughter of 
Daniel Putnam of Milford, who died 
in 1879. Four daughters were born 
to them — two surviving, Helen Put- 
nam, Mrs. Samuel Howe of Concord, 
Mass., and Caroline, Mrs. Washington 
B. Thomas of Boston. 



290 



The Granite Monthly 



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Bradford Matters and Men 



291 



Roger G. Sullivan 

There is scarcely a town in New 
Hampshire, however small or remote, 
which has not sent out one or more 
men who have attained marked 
success in the business world, as well 
as those who have been prominent in 
public or professional life. Bradford 
is no exception in this regard. Here 
was born Curtis Davis, who won 
fame and fortune in the manufacture 
of soap, building up one of the most 
extensive establishments in the coun- 
try in that line at Cambridge, Mass., 
where the "Peerless," " Welcome" 
and other well-known brands were 
and still are produced (though passed 
into other hands) ; but the one son 
of Bradford who stands out preemi- 
nently in the forefront of successful 
business enterprise is Roger G. Sulli- 
van, of Manchester, manufacturer of 
the renowned "7-20-4" cigar, which 
leads the world in the amount of sales 
among all ten-cent cigars. 

Mr. Sullivan was born in Brad- 
ford, December 18, 1854, the sixth 
son in the family of nine children of 
Michael and Julia Sullivan, natives 
of Ireland, who removed from Leb- 
anon to Bradford, and resided there 
some fifteen years previous to 1859, 
when they located in Manchester, 
Roger G. being about five years of 
age. He attended the public schools 
in boyhood including the Park Street 
Grammar School, but early in life 
struck out for himself, learning the 
painter's trade and working as a 
carriage painter four years at South 
Merrimac, Mass. 

Having an ambition for business 
and confidence in his ability to com- 
mand success, he returned to Man- 
chester in 1874, and commenced the 
manufacture of cigars, on a small 
scale, employing but one hand at 
first and gradually developing a 
business, through the excellence of 
the product, persistent effort and 
systematic advertising, that ranks 
among the first in the country, and 
leads the world in its particular line. 
Increasing his facilities from time to 



time as the growth of the business 
demanded, he erected a spacious six- 
story brick factory building near the 
railway station in Manchester, four 
years ago, which he then thought 
would be ample for all future demands, 
but the constant growth of the busi- 
ness makes it apparent that still 
more room must be had in the near 
future. 

Some idea of the magnitude of the 
business may be had from the fact 
that Mr, Sullivan has more than 
1,000 names on his pay-roll, dispenses 
over §600,000 to his employees annu- 
ally and pays the United States gov- 
ernment over half a million dollars 
each year in duties on imported 
tobacco, entering into the product of 
his factory, of which none but the 
best quality is used. Few, indeed, 
of the thousands of men all over the 
world who enjoy the luxury of the 
7-20-4 cigar, have any comprehension 
of the magnitude of the business 
involved in its production, or of the 
sagacity and push, the conscientious 
effort and untiring application to 
which it is due. 

Mr. Sullivan has wide business 
interests outside the manufacturing 
line. He is a director of the Amos- 
keag National Bank, the New Plamp- 
shire Fire Insurance Company, and 
the Manchester Traction, Light and 
Power Company, and is president of 
the Manchester and Derry Street 
Railway. He is a member of the 
Derryfield Club and the Knights of 
Columbus. Politically he is a Dem- 
ocrat, taking a strong interest in the 
affairs of his party, but never seeking 
office for himself. He was a candi- 
date for presidential elector on the 
Palmer and Buckner ticket in 1896, 
and was chosen to such position on 
the Democratic ticket last fall, assist- 
ing in casting the vote of New Hamp- 
shire for a Democratic president for 
the first time in sixty years. 

In March, 1875, he married Susan 
C. Fernald of Manchester. They 
have three daughters, all married — 
Minnie E., wife of Joseph S. Flynn, 



292 



The Granite Monthly 



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ROGER G. SULLIVAN 



Bradford Matters and Men 



29; 



and T Susan A., wife of Joseph W. 
Eppley of Manchester, and Frances 
E., wife of James G. Driscoil of Xew 
York City. There are, also, five 
grandchildren. 



Will M. Cressy 

' There' is no more familiar name in 
the amusement world today than that 
of Will M. Cressy, and no man on 
the vaudeville stage whose work is 
more generally admired. Not only 
is Mr. Cressy a master in his line as 
an actor and entertainer, but as an 
author of vaudeville sketches, or one- 
act plays of an amusing nature, he 
leads the world, having produced 



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Frank Cressy 



nearly one hundred and fifty. The 
first of these — "Grasping An Oppor- 
tunity'' — took the public by storm, 



and many others have been no less 
successful; though he has himself 
presented on the stage but a compara- 
tively small number of all his produc- 
tions in this line, which are so numer- 
ous in fact that a recent writer in the 
Boston Globe, gives currency to the 
statement that Mr. Cressy has writ- 
ten about one half of all the playlets 
now being presented in vaudeville. 
Be this as it may there is no question 
that he has written more than any one 
else, and that he has presented and 
continues to present the best of them 
in a more "fetching " manner than any 
other entertainer of his class. 

Mr. Cressy was born in Bradford, 
October 29, 1863, the son of Frank 
and Annette M. (Ring) Cressy. 
Frank Cressy was a Bradford boy, 
son of William P. and Mary Chase 
(Gould) Cressy born October 21, 
1840. He was educated in the public 
schools and at Xew London Academy, 
taught school for a few years, and 
later, for ten years filled a position in 
the Treasury Department at Wash- 
ington. Returning to New Hamp- 
shire, he was for two or three years 
in the postal service, but for the last 
thirty years or more he has been 
engaged in the wholesale flour and 
grain business in Concord, where he has 
long held a prominent place in the 
community, being active in the affairs 
■of the Unitarian Church and the 
Republican party, serving in various 
official positions, and as a director of 
the Concord Board of Trade, of which 
he is one of the most active members. 
He has long been the secretary of the 
White [Mountain Travelers Associa- 
tion and a leading spirit in the organi- 
zation. He married Miss Ring, a 
daughter of the late Edmund J. Ring 
of Bradford. March 30, 1862.* She 



*Edmund J. Ring, a well known farmer and builder, was a highly respected citizen who took 
& lively interest in all matters that vitally interested the welfare of the community, and particu- 
larly the matter of education. He initiated, by his own practice, the custom of visiting the 
sejiools on the part of those outside the school committee. Many of the older residents of 
the town, who were scholars in his day, still speak in grateful terms of the constant and kindly 
interest in their behalf, and the encouragement thereby rendered. Mr. Ring was an acute 
Phrenologist, an onmiverous reader, a keen debater, and held, and still holds, the respect and 
«pve of hi.s fellow-townsmen, as an absolutely honest man. 



294 



The Granite Monthly 






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WILL M. CRESSY 



Bradford Matters and Meu 



295 



is a highly gifted woman, prominent 
in church and club. Her poem, given 
at the Bradford Centennial Celebra- 
tion, was a production of rare 



** 



Edmund J. Ring 

merit, universally commended for its 
excellence. There are two children, 
younger than Will M. — Harry R., 
married and settled in Concord, who 
is in business with his father, and 
Miss May F., at home. 

Will M. Cressy, who was known as 
a versatile amateur actor in youth, 



completed his education in the Con- 
cord schools, and was for some time 
a traveling salesman before commenc- 
ing his brilliant and successful life work. 

His first professional engagement 
was with Frost & Fanshawe, begin- 
ning in 1889. He was subsequently 
for six years, engaged with Denman 
Thompson in his "Old Homestead" 
Company, in which he appeared in 
the part of "Cy Prime" so familiar 
to the thousands of admirers of that 
famous production, and in which he 
laid the foundation for the wonderful 
measure of public favor which he has 
long enjoyed. 

On January 19, 1900, he married 
Blanche Dayne of Troy, N. Y., who 
was also a member of the Old Home- 
stead Company, and together, under 
the now widely familiar name of 
"Cressy and Dayne," they have 
since been entertaining and exhilarat- 
ing the amusement-loving public all 
over this land and beyond its borders. 
Last summer they were -in Europe. 
Today they are electrifying the sub- 
jects of the Mikado in far away Japan, 
having visited Hawaii en route, and 
having China and the Philippines as 
farther objective points. They will 
return in the autumn, and may be 
expected to pass a few days at least 
in their cozy cottage on the Xewbury 
shore at charming Lake Sunapee, 
where Frank Cressy, the father, also 
has a summer home. 



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Ring Homestead. Birthplace of Will M. Cressy 



296 



The Granite Monthly 




HON. JOHN W. MORSE 



Bradford Matters and ^[en 



29' 



Hon. John W. Morse 

Among the best known, most in- 
fluential, and public spirited citizens 
of Bradford for more than half a cen- 
tury was Hon. John W. Morse, a 
leading merchant of the town and a 
prominent member of the Democratic 
party in Merrimack County. Air. 
Morse was a native of Henniker, 
son of Josiah and Betsey (Brown) 
Morse, and a descendant of Anthony 
Morse who was settled in New bury, 
Mass., prior to 1635. His early edu- 
cational advantages were scanty, but 
after attaining his majority he at- 
tended the academy at Derry and 
that at Hopkinton for a short time, 
having meanwhile learned the trade of 
a wool carder and cloth dresser, which 
he followed for several years, also 
teaching school winters, till, having 
accumulated a few hundred dollars, 
he went into mercantile business at 
North Weare, in 1834, was, later, for 
a time in Henniker, but removed to 
Bradford in 1837, where he continued 
in business, Avith different partners, 
first at the Corner and, later at the 
Mills, until his death, Jan. 8, 1892. 

Mr. Morse was long prominent in 
the affairs of the town and the leader 
of the Democratic party therein 
throughout his active life. He held 
the various town offices, being clerk 
for many years, selectman, treasurer, 
representative in the Legislature for 
several years, delegate in the Consti- 
tutional Convention of 1876, and was 
three times appointed postmaster, 
holding the office twelve years, under 
the administrations of Pierce, Bu- 
chanan and Cleveland. He also rep- 
resented the Eighth District in the 
State Senate in 1865 and 1866, was 
his party's candidate for councilor 
and was an alternate delegate, with 
Col. John H. George, in the National 
Democratic Convention of 1880. 

Mr. Morse married, August 16, 
1835, Lucy Ann, daughter of Hon. 
Jonathan Gove, a prominent citizen 
of Ao worth, by whom he had three 
children, John G., born in Henniker, 
J une 7, 1836; Charles W., born in 



Bradford, February 11, 1839, and 
Mary E., born. July 14, 1843. The 
sons, of whom the elder only survives, 
were long engaged in the wholesale 
grocery business in Boston, where 
John G., now retired, has a private 
office at 131 State Street, residing in 
Somerville. The daughter married 
the late Nathaniel F. Lund of Con- 
cord, and still resides in that city. 

John W. Morse was one of the most 
public spirited men in Bradford, and 
was instrumental in promoting many 
improvements, notably the removal 
of the town house from the center of 
the village, and the extension of the 
railroad to Bradford. 



Horace K. Martin 

Another grandson of Dr. Martin, 
Bradford's first physician, who became 
prominent in business life, and was 



Horace K. Martin 

also active in public affairs, was 
Horace K., a son of William Martin, 
born August 14, 1832. William Mar- 
tin was for many years a leading 
business man in Bradford, and was 
also engaged for some time in trade 
in Concord and Franklin. 



298 



The Granite Monthly 



Horace K. Martin was educated in 
the public schools and at Proctor 
Academy. Andover. He was em- 
ployed for a time in the general 
store of James Butler at Hillsborough 
Bridge, and, later in the hardware 
store of the late Gustavus Walker of 
Concord. In 1868, in company with 
George 0. Sawyer he engaged in 
general trade in Bradford, under the 
firm name of Sawyer & Martin, in 
the building near the depot, now 
occupied by Danforth Brothers, con- 
tinuing about seven years, after which 
he engaged extensively in the wood 
and lumber business in this State and 
in real estate transactions in New 
Hampshire and at the West. He was 
quite successful in business and was 
a large owner of real estate at the 
time of his death which occurred 
January 29, 1904. 

In politics he was an active Demo- 
crat. He held various town offices; 
was representative, in the Legislatures 
of 1872 and 1S73 and postmaster 
under Cleveland's last administration. 
He had been the candidate of his 
party for various state and county 
offices, besides serving on the State 
committee, and in other capacities. 
He was a member of the Masonic 
fraternity. 

He married, November 24, , 1870. 
Sarah Frances, daughter of Bard P. 
Paige of Bradford, by whom he had 
one son, George G. Martin, now a 
resident and prominent citizen of 
Warner who is also extensively en- 
gaged in lumbering. 

Frank L. Martin 

Frank Long Martin, a life-long 
resident of Bradford, born April 6, 
1S35, and who died March IS, 1908, 
was one of the must substantial and 
respected citizens of the town. He 
was a son of Nathan and Marinda 
Bean Martin and a grandson of Dr. 
William C. Martin, the first prac- 
ticing physician in Bradford, who 
came from VV r eare about 1791. 

Mr. Martin was a farmer by occu- 
pation, but ultimately engaged in 



the wood and lumber business, which 
lie followed successfully for a number 
of years. Politically he was a Repub- 
lican from the organization of the 
party which came into existence in the 
year when he attained his majority. 
Fie was a man who always had the 
courage of his convictions and the 
best interests of the community at 
heart. 

In 1866 he was united in marriage 
with Mary Wilkins, daughter of 



Frank L, Martin 

Robert Thompson of Warner, by 
whom he had three children, Frank, 
who died in infancy; Robert, who 
foi the last eighteen years has been 
a leading merchant in the town of 
Newport, where he is a trustee of the 
hospital, a director of the Citizens 
National Bank and a loyal supporter 
of the Congregational Church, and 
Fred M., who graduated from the 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 
1895, as a mechanical engineer and 
was for four years a draughtsman at 
the Brooklyn Navy Yard, when he 
obtained a position with the American 
Smelting and Refining Company, and 
was sent West, with Denver as his 



Bradford Matters and Men 



299 





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Residence of Mrs. Frank L. Martin 



headquarter?. Three years later he Mrs. Martin retains the fine family 

was promoted to the position of residence in Bradford, where she has 

chief engineer of the company, which her home the 'greater portion of the 

position he still holds. time, going elsewhere, occasionally. 



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Bard P. Paige Homestead 



300 



The Granite Monthly 



Bard P. Paige, by the way, whose 
daughter was the wife of Horace K. 
Martin, as heretofore stated, was for 
some time a prominent factor in 
Bradford's business life, going there 
as a young man, from Dunbarton, 
and engaging in the hardware business. 
He built a fine house at the Corner 
about seventy-five years ago, which 
was always retained as the family 
home, though he was, later, for thirty 
years, extensively engaged in Mon- 
treal in the manufacture of reapers, 
mowing and threshing machines, etc., 
in company with the late Harrison D. 
Robertson. He married Louisa D. 
Cressy of Bradford, and they had 
four daughters and one. son: Margaret, 
who never married; Sarah Frances, 
who married Horace K. Martin; 
Ellen who married the late Frank M. 
Tappan; Martha, the wife of Hon. 
John E. Robertson, former mayor of 
Concord, who is now deceased, and 
Elizabeth, Mrs. Everett Kittredge. 
The son, Edward P., lives at the 
old family homestead in Dunbarton. 
The Bradford house is now the prop- 
erty of John E. Robertson, and is 
occupied by Mrs. Tappan. 



No Bradford sketch, however 
meagre in details, would be considered 
worth while, which failed to mention 
Moses E. Gould, the genial old-time 
stage driver, on the line between 
Concord and Newport, and the first 
railroad conductor upon the opening 
of the road to Bradford. 



Mr. Gould was a native of Hop- 
kinton, born August 30, 1821. He 
married Elizabeth E. Dowlin of 
Newport, February 10, 1848. His 
home was in Bradford all his active 
life, and he died there, October 23, 









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Moses E. Gould 

1892. His son. Fred H. born in 
Bradford December 18, 1879, was 
a lawyer in Concord, where he died 
July 3, 1909. Moses E. Gould was 
" everybody's friend," and enjoyed 
a wider acquaintance than any other 
man in Bradford. 



MORNING 

By L. J. H. Frost 



O morning! fresh from the Almighty hand, 

Like a pure Seraph's thought dropt down from Heaven; 

May mortal hearts with thy bright spirit be 

In tune; inhale thy virgin purity 

And be baptized with a high and holy inspiration. 



A TRIP TO LOST RIVER 

By Katherine C. Meader 



3c\ 



We had seen the "Old Man of the 

Mountains.'' visited the Flume and 
other points of interest; successfully 
made the trip up Moosilauke, and 
now we were ambitious to explore the 
ravine of Lost River. 

Accordingly, one morning in early 
September, a patty of thirteen of us 
started from North Haverhill, well 
equipped with ropes, lanterns, birch 
bark torches, and, not least in im- 



source of the north branch. The 
road is of great interest all the way, 
winding in and out among the hills 
aiubseveral times crossing this beauti- 
ful stream. 

As we went on houses grew more 
scarce, the horizon closed in around 
us and we realized that we were get- 
ting into the very heart of the hills, 
towering above us and beyond us. 

At intervals alons the river, and es- 



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Cave of Lost Souls, 250 Feet below the Surface, Lost River 



portance, capacious and well-filled 
lunch baskets. 

The mists hung heavy over the 
village as we left it at seven o'clock, 
passed the old meeting house at the 
Center, and took the road through 
"No. 10" for Benton Street. By the 
time we had reached the horseshoe 
bend in the road at Whiteher Hollow, 
however, the fog had rolled away and 
a scene of wonderful extent and 
beauty lay sparkling before us. 

Crossing Davis Brook and coming 
up into Wildwood, we followed the 
Wild Ammonoosuc nearly to the 



pecially just below Beaver Meadows, 
we were interested to notice the 
lumbermen's dams, built broad and 
strong enough to hold back an im- 
mense quantity of water and thus 
form temporary ponds every spring, 
but now with the gates wide open 
to give the narrow sparkling stream 
free passage. A far different spec- 
tacle, indeed, must the brook present 
when, swollen by the spring rains, 
and the melting snow chafing against 
its long imprisonment behind the 
unyielding gates, as they are at last 
lifted, it sweeps proudly through 



302 



The Granite Monthly 



them, bearing upon its bosom thou- 
sands upon thousands of logs the 
result of the winter's work oi an army 
of men and horses, only to have the 
process repeated again and again, 
until it reaches, with its precious 
burden, the parent stream and finally 
the noble Connecticut. 

But these huge dams are not the 
only indication of lumbering that we 
.see. In the distance we can discern 



just room for the road and the brook; 
but, as we are following a natural 
pass or notch, there are no steep 
pitches or long hills to climb. Here 
is an immense landing place for logs 
which came sliding down the moun- 
tain side in a narrow sluiceway. We 
catch glimpses of the sluiceway above 
us but its top is far out of sight. 

Now we cross the brook for the 
last time and pitch over the divide 



'iLLu 



The Hall of the Ships 



the zigzag paths, winding up and 
•down the mountain sides so steep 
that it seems almost impossible for 
horses to make the ascent. Here we 
see a lumberman's camp and there a 
couple of log houses and a log barn. 
The road is no longer smooth and 
hard, but cut up by heavy wheels. 
Deep ruts and corduroy bridges are 
frequent. Looking ahead, the moun- 
tains seem to block our way and hem 
us in closely on either side, leaving; 



which separates the Ammonoosuc slope 
from the Pemigewasset valley. In 
a few moments we reach another 
brook whose limpid waters flow in 
just the opposite direction from the 
one we have been following, their 
sources being only a few rods apart 
and fed perhaps from the same spring. 
Having driven in our route through 
pails of Haverhill, Benton, Landaff, 
Easton and Woodstock, we are Hear- 
ing the borders of Lincoln, and have 



A Trip to Lost River 



303 



at last reached the celebrated Lost 
River. It was now half past ten 
and a lunch, to which all did ample 
justice was next in order. After half 
an hour's rest we laid aside our hats, 
put on our rubbers, collected our 
ropes, etc.. ready for the event of 
the day. A few minutes 7 walk be- 
side this lovely stream, brought us 
to the wild, lonely gorge where the 
river is forever playing hide and seek 
with itself. This ravine, over half a 
mile in length from twenty to forty 
feet deep, filled with huge rocks, piled 
upon each other in every conceivable 



mud or of solid rock. This formation 
seems to belong to the same period 
as the Flume, only a few miles distant, 
and other smaller gorges like the one 
in the brook flowing into Lake Morey. 
But wiser minds than mine will have 
to settle that point and while I was 
lost in wonder and delight at the 
beauty and grandeur of the ravine, 
it would take a far more gifted pen 
than mine to adequately describe it. 
At several places the rocks are so 
piled up as to form caverns, some 
open to the sky, some underground. 
By scrambling and sliding down the 



' 



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Paradise Falls 



position and in the most inextricable 
confusion, occurring in the bed of 
an otherwise placid stream, can only 
be accounted for, according to Pro- 
fessor Hitchcock, by a tremendous 
upheaval of the earth's ciust at some 
remote period of the past. 

Some of the great slabs look as if 
freshly cut from the living rock, some 
form overhanging cliffs, smoothed 
and hollowed out on the inner surface 
as if by the action of water. There 
are but few rounded boulders, and 
hardly a pebble is to be found, the 
bed of the stream being; either of 



sides of the ravine, clinging to an 
overhanging bough, a projecting root, 
or a crevice in the rock, one can with- 
out much difficulty descend into most 
of these caves or grottoes, though we 
were glad of a stout rope and a help- 
ing hand in climbing out. 

The ''Cave of the Ships" is per- 
haps the most difficult to explore, 
but it well repays one's efforts. At 
the "Cave of Forgetfulness" one 
must creep out on a narrow shelf and 
then descend by means of a ladder. 
No trace is here to be seen of the 
brook, at first, but, stooping down 



304 



The Granite Monthly 



and entering a gloomy recess at one 
side, by the dim light of our torches 
we can catch the gleam of the narrow 
stream, as it appears from beneath a 
wall of rock, stealing along the side 
of the cavern in the darkness, without 
a sound, and as mysteriously disap- 
pearing again. 

There was something about this 
cave which gave us a weird, uncanny 
feeling, and I think we all drew a 
long breath of relief when we had 
climbed the ladder again, stepped 
carefully along the narrow ledge, 
made a successful leap across a cleft 
in the rock, not wide but deep, and 
were once more on safe footing. 

The river- loses itself several times 
in the intricate and confu.-ed masses 
of rock, but after passing through 
the " Cave of Lost Souls, " the -.' King's 
Chamber'' and several others it 
finally emerges near the foot of the 
ravine in the shape of a beautiful 
waterfall twenty-five feet in" height, 
fitlv called the "Falls of Paradise." 



Here the sight of this charming 
fall with its wild and romantic sur- 
rounding, was enough to repay us for 
all the hardships of the trip. The 
water falls into an immense rounded 
basin with no visible outlet, for a 
huge overhanging cliff, almost the 
height of the fall itself and directly 
facing it, seems to completely block 
the passage. 

A little way along, however, the 
brook reappears in the " Elysian 
Fields," then, reaching the end of 
the gorge, it flows rippling along over 
its pebbly bed as if glad to get out 
into the sunshine once more and 
determined never again to lose itself. 
A short, hard climb through the dense 
woods and we are back in the highway 
half a mile from the place where we 
left our teams. 

We have spent nearly three hours 
in this fascinating locality and must 
now bid a lingering adieu to one of 
the most beautiful of New Hamp- 
shire's famous Beauty Spots. 



A MAY MORNING 

By Amy J. Dolloff 

Peals of rich melody flood all creation, 
Welling and swelling in rapturous glee. 

Birds of the May morning, Oh, how I love you! 
Sing on, and bring heaven's message to me! 

Bring me the courage that comes with day's dawning 

After a midnight of sorrow and pain. 
Teach me the secret of constant endeavor, 

Joyous alike in the sun or the rain. 

Help me, bright heralds of summer's warm splendor, 
To feel in full measure the beauty of life! 
While my heart throbs with the glory of Nature, 
Gloom must be banished, peace triumph o'er strife. 

May I, like you, be content in my station, 
Happy to toil in a world of such worth; 

Trusting the All-Father for every earth need, 
Restful and radiant with Love's gentle mirth. 



The Unknown Dead 30i 

THE UNKNOWN DEAD 

By H. J. Hall* 

The Unknown Dead! The Unknown Dead! 
With hushed voice and reverent head, * 

We stand before them and entreat 
Their spirits to forgive the feet 
That, thoughtless, pass and pass again, 
Their unmarked graves, nor feel of pain 
The lightest touch, for they, forsooth, 
Know not of how these died for Truth. 

On sun-kissed hill, in shadowy glen, 
They lie, the mouldered dust of men, 
Whose names from off the muster roll, 
Were struck when Death had ta'en his toll. 
On mountain bare, in forest deep, 
In verdant mead, on rocky deep, 
They found their couch of last repose, 
Unseen by eyes of friends or foes. 
Into th' embrace of Mother Earth, 
To her who gave them primal birth, 
Their shattered forms of moulded clay, 
In one last merging sank away; 
While o'er the gently arching mound, 
Sweet verdure spread in depths profound, 
As 'twer to heal a gaping wound. 
Then Earth put on her smile once more, 
And calmed her aching heart and sore, 
For if she mourned the sons of men, 
They rested in her arms again, 
Dead forms they might seem, but she knew 
That while she held them fast and true, 
As sad waifs of a bitter war, 
That rent her breast with many a scar, 
Their spirits saw the eternal morn, 
Where blood and tears are quite forsworn. 

Slow o'er those distant, grief dimmed days, 

Replete with glory and with praise, 

For those who struggled through the storm, 

With valiant brow and uplift arm, 

The years have dropped a thickening veil, 

Until their grandeur seems to pale, 

The emblazoned colors that they knew, 

The brilliant bars and star decked blue, 

That through a reek of smoke and flame 

Allured to a deathless fame, 

Now shroud the bullet bitten staff, 

Their primal beauty rent in half, 

♦Read at the Memorial exercises in New London, N. H., May 30, 1913. 



306 The Granite Monthly 

The hided symbol of a thought, 
That found its deed in what men ought. 
Enshrined in some marble pile, 
They silent droop, and we the while, 
Attempt to rouse the sluggish stream 
Of emulation, 'till the dream 
Of camp and march may be fulfilled 
' In our lives — in arms unskilled — 

By deeds that mark a Nation's weal, 
Beyond the gauge of ball and steel. 

Wide o'er the land today, beneath 
Heaven's touch serene, we place the wreath 
That love hath twined, from memories 
Which sweeter grow with passing days, 
'Til idealized, they, Giants stand 
To whom we owe our Fatherland. 
The mighty leader of a host, 
And him who paid the fatal cost, 
Fram rank and file, we honor both, 
They heard the call and were not loth. 
We rear the massive granite shaft, 
And carve its sides with cunning craft, 
Their names engross, lest some forget 
Their doughty deeds, who forward set 
Their faces toward a valiant foe. 
We mark the slowly thinning line, 
The weakened step, as Nature's sign, 
How soon the years shall claim them all 
To meet in peace the final call, 
Whom Death passed by in march and field. 

They pay a comrade's tribute here, 
We add the sympathetic tear, 
Too oft to feel, such hour spent, 
Should rather be on sport intent. 
We take the profit of their pain, 
And prostitute the priceless gain. 
In park and playground, far and wide, 
Our presence helps to swell the tide 
That rolls its flood of joyous shout 
From patriot's deed, to game and rout. 
Their day declines, at set of sun r 
We soon shall see their course as run. 
They soon must mingle with the dust 
Of those who held a Nation's trust, 
And paid the last full claim with death. 
No less have these with patriot's breath 
Lived out a life of fair renown, 
In mart or city, field or town. 
We honor them because Ave know 
These hearts, whose honest pulses flow 
With blood as red as made the tide 
That poured down rugged Lookout's side. 



The Unknown Dead 307 

We know them, but the dizzy world. 

In eestacy of pleasure whirled, 

Recks not if duty or if play 

Calls loudest" on this Holy-day. 

Full need there is of shafts of stone, 

For they shall mayhap stand alcne 

As sole reminder of an hour 

When warlike might and martial power, 

Still won a mead of praise and fame, 

For what they earned in Freedom's name. 

The Unknown Dead! The Unknown Dead! 

Low beats the drum with muffled head. 

Their shadowy lines are fading fast 

Into the vista of the past, 

And only a faithful memory 

May keep them longer for a day. 

They have no mausoleum proud, • 

And no acclaim from shouting crowd. 

Think of the bitter tears that fell 
When the silent days no news could tell, 
And hope grew wan, at length to die, 
Itself in an unknown grave to lie. 

Oh cry for pity! ' We hear it call, 

And on our hearts their tears shall fall — 

A bitter, blistering, scalding flood, 

Red with the stain of martyred blood, 

Should we forget the nameless host, 

Who for the Land their birthright lost. 

Oh Men who stand for a Nation's strength! 

Oh Youth, who shall stand in their place at length! 

To you they appeal, these brave Unknown 

In a voice that is heard like an undertone 

Of beseeching cry, in the shout of the World: 

Gird up thy soul for the coming strife! 

Prepare thyself for the needs of life! 

But keep in thy heart some worthy place 

For the Unknown Dead, of a valiant race, 

And give as a sign, thou dost not forget, 

The proof in a soul that is consecrate 

To a. life that is full of deeds of grace, 

Where love shall find a master place, 

To match that love they nobly gave 

When they laid down life a race to save. 

Oh ye who fell on fields unnamed! 

Where deeds in arms are never famed, 

Thy sacrifice was quite as pure 

As those whose praise is still secure. 

Thou heardst the call of love and right, 

And answered with thy holy might, 

Wherever lies thy honored dust, 

Thy memory is a sacred trust. 



CARRIGAIN AND CARTER 

By an Occasional Contributor 



3og 



Two natives of Concord, whose 
names are more or less familiarly 
associated with its early history and 
that of the state — particularly the 
former — were Philip Carrigain and 
Nathaniel H. Carter. 

Mr. Carrigain* was the son of Dr. 
Philip and Elizabeth (Clough) Carri- 
gain, born in Concord, February 20, 
1772. His father, who was a native 
of the City of New York, and had 
studied medicine in Haverhill, Mass., 
located in practice in Concord in 
1763, and soon gained a wide reputa- 
tion in his profession for skill and 
success, ranking among the first in 
the state and in New England. 

The son was a young man of great 
promise, and was liberally educated. 
He graduated from Dartmouth Col- 
lege in 1794, read law with Hon. 
Arthur Livermore at Holderness and 
established himself in ' practice in 
his native city, where he became 
extremely popular in political and 
social circles on account of his engag- 
ing manners, ready wit, and oratorical 
and poetical talents. His graduat- 
ing part at Dartmouth had been a 
poem on ''Agriculture/' which was 
published in the newspapers of the 
day, and thus gave him standing 
and popularity with the farmers. 
His brilliancy, however, was not 
accompanied by the measure of appli- 
cation and industry essential to pro- 
fessional success, and the latter was 
never attained in any substantial 
measure, although other locations 
than Concord were tried at different 
times, including Loudon, Epsom and 
Chichester. The measure of his per- 
sonal popularity which was so great 
that one biographer says of him: 
"No political, agricultural or social 
gathering was complete without his 
presence/' was probably an actual 
misfortune. Had it been less he 
might have applied himself more 
effectively to professional work. 



He was chosen secretary of state 
by the legislature in 1805, and three 
times reelected, serving from June, 
1S05, to June, 1809. 

In 1816 he published, by authority 
of the legislature, a map of New 
Hampshire, to the preparation of 
which he had given much personal 
attention, in the work of survey and 
otherwise. This map, while far 
from accurate in some respects, was 
far superior to any that had been 
produced and long remained the 
standard. It is in connection with 
this map, chiefly, that his name is 
now recalled. 

Mr. Carrigain was clerk of the 
State Senate in 1821-2-3, but held 
no further public office, and though 
he continued his legal practice, after 
a fashion, he made no particular 
mark therein. He died in Concord, 
March 16. 1842, his last years having 
been passed in somewhat straitened 
circumstances. He was unmarried. 
He had strong literary tastes, pos- 
sessed a valuable library, and was, 
withal, a writer of no inconsiderable 
ability. He was a member of the 
Association of gentlemen which estab- 
lished, and for some time published, 
in Concord, the American Patriot, 
the forerunner of Isaac Hill's New 
Hampshire Patriot. 



Nathaniel Hazeltine Carter, son of 
Joseph and Hannah (Carr) Carter 
was born in Concord, September 17, 
1787. He graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1811, taught for a short 
time at Salisbury Academy and for a 
longer period in Portland, Me. He 
studied law, but never practiced, his 
tastes and inclination being stronglv 
literary. He was made Professor of 
Languages at Dartmouth, when the 
institution came under control of the 
state as the "Dartmouth University" 
in 1817, continuing for some two years, 
going then to Albany, N. Y. } where 



Corrigan and Carter 



309 



he became editor and proprietor of 
the Albany Register, a newspaper 
largely devoted to the political for- 
tunes of George Clinton. He re- 
moved with his paper to New York 
City in 1822 and associated himself 
with G. W. Prentiss in the publication 
of the Statesman. His health failing 
(from tuberculosis) he traveled abroad, 
writing letters of interest to his paper 
which were subsequently published 
in two volumes, under the title 
" Letters from Europe/ 7 which were 
regarded as among the most interest- 
ing books of travel that had ever 
appeared. Subsequently he spent a 
winter in Cuba, and the next year 
- — 1829 — he went to Southern France, 
where he died, at Marseilles, Januarv 
2, 1830. 

Mr. Carter was a poet of special 
merit, and man}' of his productions 
in this line are still greatly admired. 

Mr. Carter was a warm friend and 
admirer of Mr. Carrigain, his regard 
for whom,- as well as the graceful style 
of his writing, is evidenced in the 
following letter, written to the latter 
from Hanover, while he was serving 
in his Dartmouth professorship, and 
which is now preserved among other 
correspondence of interest by the 
New Hampshire Historical Society, 
a copy of which we are permitted to 
present : 

Hanover, April 8, 1818. 
Dear Sir, 

Your very friendly letter of the 31st lilt, 
reached me last evening, & afforded me the 
most heart-felt pleasure. In my present 
situation, cut off as I am, by the cruel edict 
of the physician, from the society of "the 
mighty dead" — the pursuits & pleasures of 
literature — I need more than ever the sym- 
pathy & consolations of my friends. I bless 
God, that "in judgment he has remembered 
mercy"— that although he has seen fit to 
deprive me of the blessing of health, he has 
yet spared me many blessings — that I am in a 
situation where every thing is done to make 
me comfortable in sickness — and that in the 
season of affliction both present & absent 
friends have done all in their power to alleviate 
my sufferings & sorrows. If such attentions 



and kindnesses cannot restore me to health, 
they can at least "mitigate the tediousness of 
confinement," assuage the pains of disease & 
smooth the declivity to the grave. 

I regret that you were not able to come to 
Hanover during your tour — a visit would 
have been very acceptable to all your friends 
in this quarter. & part icularly so to me. Your 
affectionate letter with the promise of visiting 
us in May compensated in some measure 
for the loss of pleasure, occasioned by your 
return to Concord without extending your 
ride as far as Hanover. When you do come, 
please to make my lodgings (at Dr. Perkins) 
your place of rendezvous, so long as you 
remain in town. 

I shall always remember with pleasure my 
connection with you & my associates in your 
office. Although it was a season of toil, it 
was a season of improvement. You will bear 
witness, I believe, that my leisure moments 
were well employed. The advantages of 
your conversation <fc excellent library were 
duly appreciated by me; & it was during the 
six months I spent with you, that I began to 
get rid of the rudeness of the ploughboy & to 
form some taste for scientific & literary pur- 
suits. I can never forget, with what eagerness 
»fc delight I run through with Goldsmith, 
Thompson & a hundred other authors, which 
I had never before seen or heard of. \ ; our 
favourable account of Charles, Richard & 
Crockett was very gratifying. Richard has 
written me once or twice since I have been at 
Hanover. Of my other two companions I 
had of lute heard nothing. I have little to 
say of myself, that would be interesting to 
you. The last time I saw you was in the 
Winter of 1813. Soon after that, I went to 
Portland, where I spent two & a half years 
very pleasantly. In the Autumn of 1815 
after visiting my friends in New Hampshire, 
& erecting a stone over the grave of my mother 
I set out for the South, which term was as 
indefinite in my view, as Pope's North — 
"At Richmond, Charleston, or the Lord knows 
where. ' ' In riding from Boston to Providence 
I became acquainted with a Mrs. Johnson 
(if I mistake not) of Philadelphia, a good 
Presbyterian Lad}', who said she was ac- 
quainted with you. We parted at Providence 
with mutual good wishes. While waiting 
for a Packet, I scribbled a line to you, which 
I supposed you never received, as I did not 



310 



The Granite Monthly 



hear from you during my residence at X. 

York. The Papers you speak of never 
reached me. I spent a year £ a hah" at X. Y. 
cv on the 5th of March IS 17 set out once more 
for my native state, where I expect to lay 
my bones. Thus ends "my travels' history. " 
I congratulate you on the completion of 
your elegant Map of X. H. Without hyper- 
bole you can say with the poet, 
"Exegi monumentum acre perenuius, 
Regalique situ pyramidum altius; 
Quod non imper edan, non Aquilo impotens 
Possit dimere, aut innumerabilis 
Annorum series, et fuga temporum. , ' , 
I am proud of belonging to a State, which has 
been so beautifully delineated, & still prouder 
of claiming an acquaintance with the gentle- 
man, who could execute a work with so much 
taste and elegance. I would prefer your 
fame to that of any man, whom X. H. has 
ever produced, except perhaps Belknap, the 
Historian. The tongues of our Masons, 
Websters & Paysons shall be mute, & the 
laurels of our Ripleys & Millers wither; but 
till the hues of our State shall be blotted out, 
& its independence. & freedom be swallowed 
up. by the government of some future despot, 
the present Map of X. H. will remain a 
monument of the genius, skill & labour of its 
author. Accept my best wishes, that the 
munificence of your fellow-citizens ma}' equal 
your exertions, & that fame may not be your 



only reward. If there shall be any prospect 
of my recovery, I will take a copy, poor as I 
am. & persuade others in this quarter to do 
the same. I will also say something in the 
Xewspapcrs at the time you make your tour 
through Grafton. 

Judge Woodward is very feeble — more so 
than he ever has been. Emigration to a 
warmer climate is the only tiling, that can 
save him, or me — I fear it is too late even for 
that. 

You will be astonished, that a person who 
has lived with you six months should write 
such a hand as tins letter exhibits. It is 
worse than I commonly write, owing to my 
debility. With a lively recollection of your 
former kindnesses, «fc the most sincere wishes 
for your happiness. & welfare, I remain 
Your friend & obedt Servt 

X. H. Carter 

Hox. Phllip Carrigaix. 

P. S. The weather is intolerable — espe- 
cially for invalids. The snow is IS inches 
deep upon the Plain— It fell to the depth of a 
foot last night. Should any of my friends 
inquire after my health, please inform them 
that it is much the same as it w T as a month 
ago. I shall probably visit Concord as soon 
as the riding becomes good. Whenever you 
find time, pnvy have the goodness to scribble 
me a line. 

X. H. C. 



IX AFTER DAYS 

By Stewart -Everett Rowe 

We are not bound to set the world afire, 

For maybe from our torch it would not burn 
Nor are we bound life's lessons all to learn, 

For that is more than reason can require. 
We are not bound to anxiously inquire 

And get disgusted with ourselves and blue!, 
No! No! That state of things would never do 

Because it does not meet with God's desire. 
But we are bound to strive with all our might 

As through this world we take our varied ways, 
To guide ourselves according to the light 

That shines for each of us with mystic rays: 
Yes, as we see. so let us do the right 

And God will care for us in after days. 



Good FclhvMp 311 

GOOD FELLOWSHIP 

By Coletta Ryan 

By brooks that ripple and trees that teach, 

From the mountain's brow to the singing beach, 

O'er hill and valley, and growing town, 

With his great heart softer than thistledown, 

And the glint of the sun on his golden wings, 

Goodfellowship comes with a heart that sings, 

He is carried away with you. 

Oh, he will stay with you! 

Think with you, pray with you 

Out in the woodland and close to the stream — 

Work with you, shirk with you, drift and dream. 

He will, give you a crown of caressing leaves 

And the gift of a song for the heart that grieves. 

He'll bear your burdens that bruise you still 

O'er the tangled vale to the healing hill; 

And bring you a drink from the land of youth 

Of silvery drops in the stream of truth — 

And, deep in the heart of the cool midnight, 

He will cover you well with his sheep-skin white 

And his fire will flare 

Like a spirit rare, 

In love with the kindred of the air — 

In love with its mission of shining care, 

His friendly fire will flare. 

He's the soul of the wind against your face — 

A comrade born for the sun's embrace — 

The bracing breath of the sea, the hope 

That turns to blossoms the dreary slope. 

He's the health of the road, the city's boast, 

A long life Jine on the rugged coast — 

And the genial excuse on a summer's day 

To pleasantly loiter along the way, 

To loiter along the way. 

By brooks that ripple and trees that teach, 

From the mountain's brow to the singing beach, 

O'er hill and valley and growing town, 

With his great heart softer than thistledown, 

And the glint of the sun on his golden wings 

—Goodfellowship comes with a heart that sings, 

For he's music mellow 

This friendly fellow — 

As broad as the sea 

And as fond as he's free. 
Here's to his health, and from lip to lip 
Wish him success in each tender trip — ■ 
For his glowing name is Goodfellowship — 
His name is Goodfellowship. 



312 The Granite Monthly 

MUSIC MESSAGE 

By Theodora Chase 

One time in a busy morning, 
When the whole world was astir 

And the wheels of life were turning 
With a ceaseless, steady whir. 

Above the sounds of the city 
And traffic's noisy din, 

I heard the sound of music 
Clear and sweet and thin. 

It rose above the clanging 
Of harsh bells out of tune, 

Sounding so softly, gently, 
Its own little fairy rune. 

Never quite lost in the clamor, 
Undisturbed by discords around, 

Up, still up, to the heavens, 
Ascends the wonderful sound. 

Listen sad soul to the music, 

It sounds 'mid the discords of sin, 
. r Be the life e'er so narrow and sordid, 

Clear and sweet and thin. 

Lift your eyes far above you, 
Open your ears to its note, 

Till the sounds of greed and disorder, 
Die out in the distance remote. 



DUST TO DUST 

By Bela Chapin 

We talk' about the dreamless sleep 
Within the grave, in silence deep; 
W r e visit oft the resting-place 
Of kith and kin, in death's embrace; 
But all are dust beneath the sod — 
The soul returns again to God. 
And this, our dust, he can restore 
To life, to live forevermore. 

It matters not where we are laid, 
Whether beneath the willow shade, 
Or in a spot remote and low 
Where only weeds and briers grow; 
Or, sheltered in marble tomb, 
Enshrouded in sepulchral gloom, 
Or, thrown upon the ocean vast, 
Or to the raging tempest cast. 



3\ 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



REV. MARTIN H. EAGAN 

Rev. Martin H. Eagah, one of the best 
known and most beloved priests in the Roman 
Catholic diocese of Manchester, who has been 
for the last six years in charge of St. Bern- 
ard's Church in Keene, died in that city after 
a brief illness. May 7, 1913. 

Father Eagan was born in Nashua, July 30, 
1860, a son of Martin and Maria (Gorman) 
Eagan. He was educated in the Nashua 
schools, at St. Hyacinthe College, and Leval 
University, P. Q., and was ordained to the 
priesthood by the late Bishop Bradley in 
Manchester, January 24, 1886. He was for 
a time assistant to the late Father John E. 
Barry of Concord; was for five years pastor at 
Penacook, was then transferred to Lebanon, 
where he continued till his removal to Keene 
six years ago. The silver anniversary of his 
ordination was celebrated in Keene, January 
24, 1911, on which occasion the jubilee ser- 
mon was preached by Bishop Guertin, who 
had been his curate for a time in Lebanon. 

REV. JOHN J. PUTNAM 

Rev. John J. Putnam, eighty-nine years of 
age, and the oldest Son of the American Revo- 
lution living in Masachusetts, died March 
6, 1913, at his home in Worcester. 

Mr. Putnam was a native of Chesterfield, 
a son of John and Mary (Converse) Putnam, 
was educated at Chesterfield and Kimball 
Union academies, and entered the Unitarian 
ministry, holding pastorates in Lebanon, N. H. 
and Bolton, Petersham, and Bridgwater, 
Mass. In 1S65 he engaged in insurance busi- 
ness in Boston, continuing till 1S79, when he 
went to Worcester as an editorial writer on 
the Spy, and, later, devoted his time to his- 
torical writing. 

He married, in 1S60, Isabella Parkhurst of 
Petersham, Mass., who survives, with one 
son, Rev. John Parkhurst Putnam. 

ANNIE DOUGLAS ROBINSON 

^ Mrs. Annie Douglas Robinson, wife of 
Frank D. Robinson of Bristol, one of the best 
known writers in New Hampshire, whose 
productions, under the nom-de-plume of 
"Marian Douglas," have been widely read 
and greatly admired, died June 7, 1913, at 
her home in Bristol. 

Mrs. Robinson was born in Plymouth 
January 12, 1842, the daughter of William 
Green, cashier of the Pemigewasset Bank, but 
removed, when quite young, with her parents 
to Bristol, where all her literary work was 
done. She wrote extensively, in prose and 
verse, for leading magazines for many years, 
and published several volumes of poetry as 
Well as fiction, most of which had a large 
sale. 

Mrs. Robinson was a grand-daughter of 
Dr. Peter Green, who was a surgeon in the 



Revolutionary Army and a practicing physi- 
cian in Concord for more than fifty years. 
She was a member of the Congregational 
Church at Bristol. 

HON. JOHN KIMBALL 

Hon. John Kimball, prominent for more 
than half a century in the public life of the 
City of Concord and the State of New Hamp- 
shire, died June 1, 1913, at his home on State 
Street, after a brief illness, at the age of 92 
years. 

Mr. Kimball was born in Canterbury, N. 
H., April 13, 1921, the son of Benjamin and 
Ruth (Ames) Kimball. While a child his 
parents removed to Boscawen. and in the 
schools of that town, supplemented by a year's 
attendance at the old Concord Academy, he 
obtained his early education, which was 
broadened by the practical experience of a 
long and busy life, so that the honorary degree 
of Master of Arts, given him by Dartmouth 
College yi 1882, was, indeed, most worthily 
bestowed. 

He learned the trade of a millwright in 
youth, and followed the same successfully for 
several years: but in 1S4S he took charge of 
the Concord Railroad shops, and two years 
later was made master mechanic, holding the 
position till 1S5S. He was elected to the 
Common Council of Concord in 1S56; was 
president of that body in 1S57; representa- 
tive from Ward 5 in 1858 and 1S59; city 
marshal of Concord and collector of taxes 
from 1S59 to 1S62; collector of internal rev- 
enue for the Second New Hampshire District 
from 1S62 to 1S69; mayor of Concord from 
1S72 to 1875, inclusive; was appointed chair- 
man of the commission to build the new State 
prison, October 28, 1880, and completed the 
work to the satisfaction of all; was a member 
of the State Senate in 1SS1-82, and president 
of that body. He was treasurer of the Merri- 
mack County Savings Bank from its organ- 
ization in 1870, till the death of the presi- 
dent, Lyman D. Stevens, whom he succeeded, 
holding that office till his death. He had 
holder almost numberless other positions of 
financial and fiduciary responsibility; was a 
leading member of the South Congregational 
Church of Concord, and prominent in all its 
activities, and was long actively connected 
with the Republican party organization in 
city and State, serving for twenty-five years 
as treasurer of the Republican State Commit- 
tee. 

Mr. Kimball married, May 27, 1846, Maria 
Phillips of Rupert, Vt. They had one child, 
Clara Maria, wife of Augustine R. Avers. 
Mrs. Kimball died December 22, 1894. Octo- 
ber 15, 1895 Mr. Kimball married Miss 
Charlotte Atkinson of Nashua, who, with his 
daughter, survive him. A comprehensive 
and detailed sketch of Mr. Kimball's long 
and useful career appeared in the Granite 
Monthly for April, 1912. 



3 If tM- 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The history of the town of Durham, written, 
by Rev. Everett S. Stackpole, D.D., "author 
of Old Kittery and her Families" assisted by 
Lucien Thompson and Winthrop S. Merserve 
of that town, the two latter having long been 
engaged in collecting material therefor, is 
now complete and will soon be issued from the 
Rumford Press. This work, will be comprised 
in two volumes of about 500 pages each, the 
last being devoted to genealogy. There is 
no town in the State richer in historical 
material than old Durham, and it is safe to 
say that no town history yet published will 
be found to excel the forthcoming work in 
interest and value. The price of the two 
volumes, well bound in cloth, will be $5.00. 



The annual summer outing of the New 
Hampshire Board of Trade was held at Lake 
Sunapee on June 17, and was a pleasant and 
successful affair in all respects, but the num- 
ber in attendance, was less than has generally 
been the case, the number at dinner at the 
Ben Mere Hotel. Sunapee Harbor, being 78. 
The main portion of the delegates and ladies, 
going up from Concord, were accommodated 
by a special train, leaving the station at 9.20 
a. m., arriving at Lake Sunapee at 10.30, 
where the Woodsum Steamboat Company's 
steamer Kearsarge, specially assigned for 
the party, was immediately taken for a ride 
around the Lake. The weather was delightful 
and the ride a most pleasurable one, espe- 
cially for those who had never before visited 
this most charming lake, whose attractions 
are so appreciated that its shores are already 
studded by nearly a thousand summer cot- 
tages, and sites for others are in large demand 
at almost fabulous prices. The party was 
accompanied by the celebrated Oberon Ladies 
Quartette of Laconia who sang delightfully. 
both on the boat and at the after dinner 
exercises which were held m the assembly 
room at the Ben Mere, the speakers being 
Insurance Commissioner Robert J. Merrill of 
Claremont, who responded for the State of 
New Hampshire, in the absence of the Gover- 
nor who was unable to be present on account 
of an important meeting of the Council 
scheduled for the day; Hon. Wilbur H. 
Powers of Boston, a native of Croydon, who 
spoke upon "The Debt of Massachusetts to 
]\ew Hampshire;" Ernest M. Hopkins, a 
native of Dunbarton, some time secretary 
of Dartmouth College and now publicity 
manager for Willett, Sears & Co. of Boston, 
whose topic was '•Education and Business/' 
and Hon. Hosea W. Parker, president of the 
Woodsum Steamboat Company, who spoke 
of the attractions ofNew Hampshire generally 
and the Sunapee Lake region in particular. 



The same reason that Governor Felker had 
for not attending the annual summer outing 
of the State Board of Trade, June 17, was 
responsible for the failure of quite a number 
of others to do the same. The meeting of the 
Executive Council in Concord that day, at 
which it was expected the matter of official 
appointments in considerable numbers would 
be disposed of, commanded the presence there 
of a large number of men interested in that 
matter, who ultimately left disappointed 
that nothing in, the expected direction had 
been accomplished. The Executive Depart- 
ment of the State government is not "rush- 
ing" in its work this year in the line of filling 
offices, but is taking ample time for delibera- 
tion. 



Xo honorary degree was ever more worthily 
or fittingly bestowed than that of Doctor of 
Laws, which Tufts College has just given the 
president of its board of trustees, the Hon. 
Hosea W. Parker of Claremont, the eightieth 
anniversary of whose birth was duly observed 
at Hotel Moody, in that town, on May 30, 
by the Sullivan County, bar, of which he is 
also president. 



Rev. Dr. S. H. McCollester of Marlboro is 
sending out, to her relatives, friends and old 
students, a handsome volume which he has 
prepared and which has been printed by the 
Rumford Press in memory of his late wife — 
Elizabeth Elnora Randall McCollester, which 
is a fitting tribute to one whose charming 
personality, rich mind and beautiful character 
endeared her not only to him whose compan- 
ion she was in his later years, but to thou- 
sands of others with whom she had come in 
contact, in one relation or another during 
the days of her earthly pilgrimage. 



The author of "The Real Old North 
Church," which article appeared in our May 
issue, Capt. Gilbert P. Brown, the well- 
known Boston author, journalist, historian 
and Masonic writer, is of New Hampshire 
ancestry. His great-grandfather, Dr. Jona- 
than Poole of Hollis, was surgeon's mate in 
the famous First New Hampshire Continental 
Troops, ot Washington's Army. His great- 
great-grandfather, Col. John Hale of Hollis. 
was surgeon of this celebrated regiment. 
Captain Brown was born at Bristol, Me., 
March 5, 1868. son of Capt. Timothy F. 
Brown and Lydia L. Poole He is a 32d 
degree Mason and a member of the Order of 
the Eastern Star in Boston. He is a bachelor, 
a writer of verse and a contributor to the 
religious press of the world. 



OL. XLV, Nc. 7 



JULY, 1913 



New Series, Vol. VIII, No. 7 



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A New Hampshire Magazine 

>evoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 



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CONTENTS FOR JULY- t^^-.^-^SF §£ 



Efr 



4§) 

'■■'. /iU$ Josiah Carpenter - With frontispiece. . «, , 

@ ByH.H..MetoaU 

'^^f The Soldier of the American Revolution 

■ c % By John R. Eastman 



J&rifc^ 



A Step Forward Illustrated 
The Settlement of Warreu 



By Frank C. Clement 

The Silver Lustre Set . . . 

By Frances Healey 
•gt^ The Old Cannon on Garrison Kill 
CcfJ) B • Elizabeth- P. Taoley 

8*3 



; "^ New Hampshire Necrology • 

2&2L Editor and Publisher's Notes . 



■ -£>. Poems 



/is.-;-" 1 

sao ^ 

3 -i y r*3s 



33 



3 p^ 



336 g& 






340 §& 
346 Eg. 



By Hannah B. Merriam, Emily B. Cole, Lucy H. Heath, L. J. R. Frost, Amy J. «p^|s 
Dollofr, Emily Owen Powers <>-%} 



ssued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 



i 



:RHS : $1.00 per annum, in advance; $1.50 if not paid in advance* Single copies, 15 cents i 

CONCORD,. N. H., 1913 

Entered a* the post office at Concord as second-class rnnl matter. 



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JOSIAH CARPENTER 



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The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLV, No. 



JULY, 1913 



New Series, Vol. S, No. 



JOSIAH CARPENTER 

The Well-Rounded Career of a Loyal Son of Xew Hampshire 

By H. H. Metcalf 



Whatever the future may hold in 
store for New Hampshire, for New 
England and for the country at large 
— whatever may be the product, in 
manly and womanly character and 
patriotic citizenship, of the com- 
mingled blood of all the races now 
blended in our national life, it is safe 
to say there will never be found a 
nobler type of manhood and woman- 
hood than that presented during the 
last century in our New England life, 
in the descendants of the English 
Pilgrims and Puritans, who settled 
the land, builded their homes, con- 
quered the wilderness, established the 
church and the school, and laid, deep 
and strong, the foundations of free 
government in the earlier years. 

A conspicuous example of this type 
was Josiah Carpenter of Manchester, 
a prominent figure in the financial 
life of the Queen City for many years, 
a citizen of high character and com- 
manding influence, who departed this 
life on the 22d djay of May last, at 
the ripe age of nearly eighty-four 
years. 

Mr. Carpenter was a native of the 
town of Chichester, born May 31, 
1829. The family, of which he was a 
worthy representative, has occupied 
a conspicuous place in American and 
English history for many generations, 
its established record going back to 
the time of that John Carpenter who 
was a member of the English parlia- 



ment in 1323, and was the grandfather 
of the famous town clerk of London 
of the same name. The pioneer 
American settler of that branch of 
the family of which Josiah Carpenter 
was a member was William Carpenter, 
born in 1605, at Wherwell, near Surry, 
who sailed from Southampton, Eng- 
land, for America, in the ship Bevis, 
in 1638. with his wife, Abigail, and 
four children, and settled in Wey- 
mouth, Mass., where he was made a 
tk freeman " in 1640, and elected to the 
provincial legislature in the year 
following. He was "Proprietors' 
Clerk," and manifestly a leading man 
in the community; but removed to the 
town of Kehoboth in 1615, where he 
died in 1659, having been a captain 
of the militia and otherwise prominent 
in public affairs, and having won and 
enjoyed the friendship and confidence 
of Governor Bradford. 

Some of the descendants of this 
William Carpenter of Weymouth and 
Rehoboth, found their way to Con- 
necticut and there settled, and it was 
in the town of Strafford in that state, 
or province as it then was, that John 
Carpenter reared a family of eleven 
children, of whom the fifth was Josiah, 
born October 6, 1762, who graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 1787, 
studied for the ministry and was 
ordained and installed, as the first 
settled minister of the Congregational 
Church in the town of Chichester, 



21G 



The Granite Monthly 



November 2, 1791. This pastorate 
was the longest in the history of the 
town and one of the most notable in 
the state, continuing for thirty-six 
years, until the dismissal of Mr. Car- 
penter,, at his own request. July 24, 
1827. He continued his residence in 
the town, however, till his death, 
March 1, 185.1., his life and character, 
and his teaching and example as 
pastor and citizen, having left a lasting 
impress for good upon the community. 
He had rendered his country patriotic 
service in early youth, having per- 
formed sentinel duty on Roxbury Xeck 
with four brothers, one of whom was 
killed; and his entire life had been 
characterized by a spirit of devotion 
to the demands of religion, and the 
obligations of citizenship. He had 
married, April 13, 1790, Hannah 
Morrill of Canterbury, the representa- 
tive of another family notable in the 
history of the state, by whom he had 
six children, the second of whom was 
David Morrill Carpenter, born in 
Chichester, November 1G, 1793, who 
was a soldier in the War of 1812, 
married Mary Perkins of Loudon, was 
engaged in trade in Chichester for 
many years, and, later, in farming, and 
subsequently removed to Concord, 
where he died, December 9, 1873, 
having held various public positions 
including that of treasurer of Merri- 
mack County for twelve years. 

The second son of David Morrill 
Carpenter was Josiah, the subject of 
this sketch.* His early life was spent 
in labor upon his father's farm, 
through which, like many another 
man who has won success in business 
life, he established the physical con- 
stitution and endurance essential to 
such result, and in attendance upon 
the district school and the academies 
in Pembroke and Pittsfield, and the 
New Hampshire Conference Semi- 
nary at Sanbornton Bridge, now 
Tilton. After completing his school 

*A biographical sketeh of Charles H. Car- 
penter, the oldest son, appeared in the 
Granite Monthly for January, 1911. 



life, being possessed of an enterprising 
spirit, with the trading faculty/ so 
characteristic of the intelligent New 
Englander, developed in good measure, 
he engaged for some time in the pur- 
chase and sale of live stock, ultimately 
extending his operations to the south- 
west, and making the state of Ken- 
tucky a field of enterprise. Return- 
ing north, after a time, his father 
having removed to a large farm in the 
town of Epsom, he engaged with him 
in extensive agricultural operations, 
and was soon after appointed a deputy 
sheriff for the county of Merrimack, 
in which capacity he transacted a 
large amount of business. He was 
also deputized to serve in a similar 
capacity for the counties of Hills- 
borough and Belknap. For some 
years, before his father's removal to 
Concord, he had practically the entire 
care of the farm, which, with various 
private enterprises in which he en- 
gaged and his official business, fur- 
nished ample field for the full measure 
of energy and activity with which he 
was endowed. 

In April, 1S5S, the farm in Epsom, 
having been sold, he was tendered and 
accepted the position of cashier of 
the bank in Pittsfield. formerly occu- 
pied by his brother, Charles EL, who 
subsequently became president of the 
institution, and took up his residence 
in that town, where he continued in the 
efficient discharge of the duties of his 
position, the bank having been reor- 
ganized under the federal banking law 
in 1864 — successfully administering 
the affairs of the institution, engaging 
in various important individual enter- 
prises, and, at the same time, taking 
that active interest in public affairs 
which characterizes every loyal, intelli- 
gent and broad-minded citizen, filling 
various positions of trust and responsi- 
bility, serving his town two years as 
representative in the Legislature, in 
1S62 and 1863, and Merrimack 
County as treasurer in 1872 and 1873. 

Having determined to remove to a 
broader field of enterprise, in March, 
1877. having already erected for 



Josiah Carpenter 



217 



himself a fine house on North Elm 
Street, in that city, in what is today 
one of its most attractive residential 
sections, he removed to Manchester, 
establishing, with his accomplished 
wife and true helpmeet, Georgia. B. 
Drake, only daughter of the late Col. 
James Drake, long a leading citizen of 
Pittsfiekl, with whom he was united 
in marriage, September 1, 1S5S, what 
has since been one of the most charm- 
ing and hospitable homes in the Queen 
City. He immediately engaged in 
the work of organizing and putting in 
operation the Second National Bank 
of Manchester, of which lie was a 
director and cashier, from the start. 
This bank, through his management, 
characterized at all times by sound 
judgment and wise discrimination, 
■ — pursuing conservative methods, 
rather than indulging in "wild cat" 
schemes, but ever fostering the spirit 
of legitimate enterprise — became one 
of the strong and successful financial 
institutions of the city and state and 
became an important factor in the 
business life of Manchester and the 
surrounding region, Mr. Carpenter 
having succeeded the late Aretas 
Blood in the presidency upon the 
death of the latter. When, a few 
years ago, in conformity with the 
growing tendency toward the con- 
centration of capital and effort in 
business enterprise in all fields, it 
was deemed wise by the management 
of both institutions to consolidate 
the Second National with the Amos- 
keag National Bank and such arrange- 
ment was effected, Mr. Carpenter 
became a member of the board of 
directors of the consolidated concern. 

Simultaneously with the organiza- 
tion of the Second National Bank, 
Mr. Carpenter secured a charter for 
and established the Mechanics Sav- 
ings Bank, of which he was a trustee 
and treasurer until the time of his 
death, and' which, in its standing and 
success, bears ample testimony to his 
judgment and ability as a financial 
administrator. 

In Manchester, as in Pittsfield, his 



enterprising spirit was by no means 
confined to his banking operations. 
He recognized the possibilities and the 
demands of real estate development 
in the rapidly growing city, and 
became an active factor in that field 
of enterprise, among the evidences of 
his interest in that direction being the 
Smyth and Carpenter Block, on North 
Elm Street, mainly devoted to apart- 
ment purposes, and one of the largest 
structures of the kind in the state, 
which he built in company with the 
late cw-Governor Frederick Smyth, 
while he also had extensive real estate 
interests in other parts of the city. 

Although preeminently a business 
man, in the general acceptation of the 
term, devoting his mind and energy 
in large measure to the conduct of 
business affairs, and gaining therein 
that substantial success which most 
men naturally seek and comparatively 
few secure, Mr. Carpenter never lost 
sight of the fact that there are interests 
in life of vastly greater importance 
than those that relate to the ordinary 
affairs of business, the acquisition of 
wealth and the development of the 
material resources of city, state and 
nation. He was ever true to the 
spirit and traditions of those pioneers 
of American liberty who laid the 
foundations of our national greatness 
and glory on New England soil in the 
early days, when they set up the 
church and the school as the first 
and highest objects of their fostering 
care and support, beyond the mere 
subsistence of themselves and their 
families. He recognized the para- 
mount claims of morality and intelli- 
gence, and gave constant and gener- 
ous support to the allied interests of 
religion and education, upon which all 
true progress and prosperity depend. 

He was an Episcopalian in his 
religious affiliation, was an active 
and interested member of Grace 
Episcopal Church of Manchester, and 
a liberal contributor to its. support 
and for the furtherance of the work 
of the New Hampshire diocese. He 
had been a member of the vestry of 



21S 



The Granite Monthly 



Grace church for thirty-six years, had 
served as treasurer for nearly twenty 
years, and for a ioag time as junior 
warden. His last gift to the church 
was especially noteworthy, it being a 
substantial and convenient new parish 
house, of granite construction corre- 
sponding with the church itself, com- 
pleted at a cost of about $40,000, and 
supplying a want which had been 
long felt by the parish. This elegant 
structure, which was given in the 
joint name of Mr. Carpenter and his 
wife, in memory of their daughter, 
the late Georgia Carpenter Gerrish, 
was formally dedicated on the 2d day 
of April last., Coadjutor Bishop Ed- 
ward M. Parker officiating at the serv- 
ice, in conjunction with the rector, 
with addresses by two former rectors — 
Revs. Lorenzo Sears and Arthur X. 
Peaslee— *and by Judge Robert J. 
Peaslee, representing the vestry. The 
house, which was designed by Ralph 
Adams Cram, contains a fine assembly 
room, an auxiliary room completely 
furnished by Mrs. Carpenter, and 
rooms for a men's club and other 
organizations connected with the par- 
ish, all properly arranged and fur- 
nished with every necessary conven- 
ience. Mr. Carpenter, although he 
had been for sometime in failing 
health, was present at the dedication, 
enjoying the exercises and entering 
into the spirit of the occasion; but, as 
it happened, this was his last appear- 
ance at any public gathering; nor 
could any more appropriate selection 
have been made therefor. Could he 
have chosen, himself, he, doubtless, 
would .not have had it otherwise. 

He was long prominent in the affairs 
of the New Hampshire diocese holding 
various responsible positions and tak- 
ing a lively interest in the work done 
under its auspices, and had been one 
of its delegates at all the sessions of 
the general triennial convention held 
during the last twenty years, attend- 
ing the convention in Minneapolis 
in 1895, in Washington in 1S08, in 
San Francisco in 1901, in Boston in 
1904, in Richmond in 1907 and in 



Cincinnati in 1910. That he had 
traveled extensively is shown in the 
simple fact of his attendance upon 
these great religious gatherings in 
different parts of the country, but this 
attendance indicates but a small part 
of his journeyings. . Intently devoted 
to business as he was, and neglecting 
none of its demands, he had, never- 
theless, found opportunity to travel 
widely, accompanied by his wife, for 
recreation and observation, both in 
this country and in foreign lands. 

His strong interest in the cause of 
education was manifested in more than 
one direction. He was especially 
active and prominent in the establish- 
ment of the school for boys at Hold- 
erness, of which he was trustee and 
treasurer from the start, giving care 
and attention to the remodeling and 
enlargement of the buildings, made 
necessary by the growth of the school, 
and otherwise promoting the welfare 
and prosperity of the institution. He 
was also, for many years, a trustee of 
St. Mary's School for Girls, at Con- 
cord, another valuable and prosperous 
institution fostered by the Episcopal 
Church in this state. His interest in 
public education was always strong, 
and for the schools of Pittsfield he 
ever cherished, notwithstanding his 
removal to Manchester, an abiding 
regard, which was manifested in a 
practical manner, as it was through 
his instrumentality that provision was 
made for prize speaking in the Pitts- 
field schools. 

The most substantial manner in 
which his interest in the intellectual 
welfare and educational progress of 
the town of Pittsfield, or its people, 
was shown, however, was in the erec- 
tion, and gift to the* town, twelve 
years ago, of a handsome and well- 
arranged library building, of brick 
and stone construction, which is not 
only an ornament to the village in a 
material sense, but a blessing to the 
community in a far more important 
direction. Since then, Mr, Carpen- 
ter has made liberal contributions of 
books to the library, thus practically 



J os 1 ' an Carpenter 



219 



demonstrating the continuance of I - 
interest. It may not be amies to 

remark in this connection that if more 
men of means in this and other states 
would build monuments of this k a 
before death, or provide for their 
erection afterward, their own mem- 
ories would be held in more lasting- 
regard, and the general welfare be 
greatly promoted. 

Having at heart the interests of the 
town of Pittsfield and the surrounding 
region, and realizing the need of be i e e 
transportation facilities for its devel- 
opment and prosperity. Mr. Carpen- 
ter took an active interest in the con- 
struction of the Suncook Valley Rail- 
road, and was one of, the directors of 
the corporation, but was connected 
with no other business organizations 
outside the banking line: nor was he 
a member of any secret society or 
fraternal organization. He was. how- 
ever, for several years a member of 
the Derryfield Club of Manchester, 
withdrawing when, fromf ailing health, 
he was unable longer to enjoy its 
advantages. 

Politically Mr. Carpenter was a 
conservative Democrat. adhering 
consistently to the doctrines of Jeffer- 
son and Jackson. Seeking no o trice 
for himself, he gave hearty support 
to the policies and candidates of his 
party, attending its conventions and 
serving upon its committees, but he 
did not endorse its alliance with the 
free silver movement in 1506. His 
business training and experience nat- 
urally made him an adherent of the 
eold standard, and he was one of the 
New Hampshire delegates in what 



was known as the Gold Democratic 
Convention of that year, at Indian- 
apolis, which placed the Palmer and 
Buckner ticket in the Sel 

Two children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Carpenter a* daughter. Georgia 
Ella, who became the wife of Frank 
M. Gerrish. and died some years 
since, and a son who died in in- 
fancy. Their bereavements, however, 
were borne philosophically and never 
clouded their home, which was ever 
the seat of a generous hospitality, and 
a vital factor in the best social life of 
the Queerj City. 

Josiah Carpenter was a man of 
sterling character and real worth,, 
universally esteemed and respected. 
Dignified in bearing, courteous and 
frank but never effusive in speech, his 
manner was that of the true gentle- 
man and as such he was ever regarded. 
Resorting to none of the arts by which 
popularity is often gained, he won his 
friends through the power of manly 
character and a kindly spirit, and, 
having won them, he ever held them 
fa-: . He gained wealth by intelligent 
effort and sagacious business methods 
and used it generously for the world's 
advantage. Above all he was a well- 
rounded man. realizing fully all his 
obligations to himself., his family. 
his friends and neighbors, to the com- 
munity, the state and nation, and to 
the Creator, which latter, as he well 
realized, includes ail the rest, aud he 
was true to all. He will long be 
remembered as one who. having made 
the most of his own opportunities, 
left the world better from having 
lived therein. 



JS a 



THE SOLDIER OF THE AMERICAN REVO 

LUTION FROM THE SMALE NEW 

HAMPSHIRE TOWN 

By John R. Eastman* 

- - President of the X. H. Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. 



It is highly improbable that a com- 
plete history of the War of the Ameri- 
can Revolution will ever be written. 
The official records of the regimental 
units of the colonial and continental 
armies were, from the modern stand- 
point, all too general and meagre or 
they have been lost. The gigantic 
task of organizing an army without 
an existing nucleus of trained and 
disciplined soldiers left little time to 
record even* the most important items 
of organization and movement, while 
the vital elements of the soldier's evo- 
lution and experience were often lost 
in the depressing, individual sense of 
inability and failure. Lack of funds, 
arms and 'skill left little opportunity 
for the modern ideas of regimental, 
brigade or division staff, with its 
minute separation of duties, to develop 
special aptitude for recording even 
the daily progress of events. The 
so-called lives of eminent commanders 
take account of the obvious and strik- 
ing generalities that are practically 
known of all men; but the elemen- 
tary motives and methods are seldom 
known. 

The famous dictum of Caesar: "I 
came, I saw, I conquered," is strik- 
ingly epigrammatic, but it is a vague 
generality that gratifies no historical 
demand, however much it may titill- 
ate the mind. The historian tires of 
the endless tributes to the glory of the 
Roman generals, but he has no clue to 
the intimate mental and physical ex- 
perience of the Roman soldiers who 
behind that effective short sword 
made the empire of Rome possible. 
Napoleonic literature is found at 
every turn, but who has told the 

*Addres3 delivered at the annual meeting 
Revolution, in Concord, May 3, 1913. 



story of the fortitude, patriotism and 
aspiration of the incomparable gren- 
adier who bore aloft the triumphant 
eagles of the Emperor, on scores of 
glorious fields, and sank with them 
amid the smoke of Waterloo. 

In this land there can be no excess 
of patriotic devotion to our own 
Washington. We know almost by 
heart the recital of his agony at 
Valley Forge. How much do we 
know of the heart and soul of the half- 
fed, barefoot '/man behind the gun." 
in that winter camp, whose path was 
marked by bloody foot-prints on the 
frozen ground; while his wife, chil- 
dren or mother, perhaps among the 
snow-clad hills of New Hampshire, 
were struggling with the daily need 
of food and clothing that this land 
might be free.. How many of us, in 
our youthful days, have been charmed, 
fascinated, by the biography and the 
well-told stories of Mad Anthony 
Wayne, the Hotspur of the Conti- 
nental Army, and have dwelt with 
bated breath on his achievements at 
Stony Point. And yet how much 
would be added to the vividness, the 
- psychological value and the human 
aspect of that^fight if we had it from 
the view-point-of the soldier who for 
once, at least, put his trust in the 
efficacy of cold steel. What were his 
thoughts, his resolves and his ambi- 
tions as, in the gathering shadows oi 
that eventful evening, he discarded 
the advantages of powder and hall: 
and, as he heard the click of the 
bayonet-socket as it fell into place on 
the muzzle of his gun, felt that for 
the coming hour he had not only a 
personal but a momentous interest 

of the X. H. Society, Sons of the American 



The Soldier of the Revolution from the Small Town 



221 



in the liberty and the glory of his 
country. 

In fact, a large portion of the real 
history of that period lay in the 
hopes, the struggles and the experi- 
ences of those patriotic men who left 
their quiet homes to learn a new career 
and with shouldered musket devoted 
themselves to their ideals of a new, 
free government. It has been said 
that the life of no man is so humble 
or simple that a wise and sympathetic 
presentation of all its phases of hopes, 
trials and aspirations would fail to be 
attractive and beneficent in its human 
interest and social aspects. If this 
be true of the simple souls, how much 
more worthy of , notice are those 
manly spirits, who ventured all on 
their desire for freedom from British 
mal-administration. 

On the principle that animated and 
guided those men, on the recogni- 
tion of the value of their achieve- 
ments, and on an active sympathy 
with the ideals and sacrifices of all 
who offered their lives in the common 
cause; this Society of the Sons of the 
American Revolution is founded. The 
histories of these men lie not in the 
volumes that laud the popular heroes, 
but are almost buried in the records 
and traditions of their native towns 
and in the modest homes of their 
families. 

Because of these facts, and on ac- 
count of some discussion of measures 
for increasing our membership, which 
occurred in the annual meeting of 
1911, I have attempted an experi- 
ment with the available material of 
one small town of Merrimack County; 
and a less complete treatment of some 
of the similar data relating to an ad- 
joining town. 

The town of Andover, known from 
the time of its settlement until 1779 
as New Breton, was surveyed and 
ready for settlement in 1753. During 
the progress of the French and Indian 
war the unfriendly incursions of the 
Indians into the neighborhood de- 
layed the settlement. While not so 
much frequented by prowling bands 



of savages as many other parts of 
the state, the canoe route by the way 
of the Contooeook and Blackwater 
rivers through Andover to Pleasant 
Pond in New London, then a carry 
of two or three miles to Sunapee 
Lake, thence by Sugar River to the 
Connecticut. River furnished the best 
available route in this section of the 
state, between the valleys of the Mer- 
rimack and the Connecticut. Soon 
after the close of the war the owners 
of land began to appear and occupy 
their lots. The first dwelling, a log 
cabin, was erected in 1761. 

In 1773 the census ordered by 
Governor Wentworth found 135 in- 
habitants. In 1775 the number had 
increased to 179, and in 1783 to 341. 

The news of the opening fight at 
Lexington and Concord reached Xew 
Breton on April 21, 1775, and Joseph 
Fellows, Ezekiel Lunt, Joseph Tucker, 
William Blake, John Raino, and 
Josiah Scribner started promptly, 
armed and equipped with their own 
weapons, accoutrements and stores, 
eager to test the efficiency of their 
patriotic zeal, aided by their skill 
with firearms gained in the Xew 
Breton forests and in the Indian wars, 
against the well trained veterans from 
the continental wars in Europe. There 
was no company nor any large por- 
tion of a company enlisted from the 
town at any time. The largest num- 
ber joined Capt. Ebenezer Webster's 
Co. of Colonel Stickne\~'s Regiment 
for the expedition which resulted in 
the battles of Bennington, Stillwater 
and Saratoga. At first, the periods of 
enlistment were usually short and 
the men frequently re-enlisted, when 
their time expired, wherever they 
happened to be, and often in other 
companies and in other regiments. 
Short terms of service, and incom- 
plete or no returns make the identi- 
fication of individuals sometimes very 
difficult. 

The various Revolutionary soldiers, 
who have been identified with the 
town of Andover have been divided 
into two classes. First: those who 



999 



The Granite Monthly 



enlisted from the town or who were 
residents sometime during the war. 
Some of these men were, credited oc- 
casionally to the quota of other towns, 
while still maintaining a residence in 
Andover. Second: those who owned 
land in Andover or who came there 
to reside after the war. 

In the following list of soldiers from 
New Breton, or Andover, references 
are not given to all the records, but 
only enough to show actual service, 
in each case. 

Class One. 

Ash, John: served during the war. X. H. 
War Rolls; Vols. I, II, III, IV. 

Blake, William: served at Bunker Hill. 
Andover Town History, Part I, 190. 

Bowles, Charles: in Capt. Post's Co. at 
Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, II. 

Burwash, Nathaniel: at Bennington and in 
Continental Army. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. 
II, III. 

Call, Nathaniel: enlisted for 3 vrs. May 
8, 17S2. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. III. 

Cannock, John: in Col. Stiekney's Reg't. 
X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 610. 

Chaford, David: in Col. Stieknev's Reg't. 
X.H. War Rolls, Vol. 11,610. 

Chandler, John: in Continental Army. 
X. H. War Rolls, Vol. III. 

Cillev, Jonathan: lieutenant in Col. Seam- 
melTs Reg't. X. II. War Rolls, Vol. III. 

Clifford, David: enlisted for the war. 
X. H. War Rolls, Vol. I, 569. 

Danford, Edward: in Continental Army 
in 1781. X. II. War Rolls, Vol. III. 

Danford, Joshua: Sergeant in Whitcomb's 
Rangers. X.H. War Rolls, Vols. I, II, III. 

Emery, William: lieutenant in Webster's 
Co. in Bennington campaign. X. H. War 
Rolls, Vol. II, 163, 164. 

Fellows, Benjamin: served in a Mass. 
Reg't. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 754. 

Fellows. Ezekiel: sergeant in Col. Bedel's 
Reg't. Andover History, Part II, 399. 

Fellows, Joseph: at Bunker Hill and 
Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Jreilows, Jospeh Jr.: served in Reg'ts of 
Col. Nichols and Col. Bedel. Records of 
U. S. Pension office. Andover Historv. Part 
II, 399. 

Flanders, Philip: enlisted in Continental 
Army. X. H. War Rolls, Vol.. I, HI, 827. 

Giles, Daniel: enlisted in Continental Armv. 
X.H. War Rolls, Vol. I. 

Oilman, John Moodv: in Capt. Clough's 
Ok 1775. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. IV, 9. 

Graves, Josiah: served in a Mass. Reg't. 
X. II. State Papers, Vol. XXX, 182. 

Graves, Josiah Jr.: served in a Mass Reg't. 
X. H. State Papers, Vol. XXX, 182. 



Haines, Josiah: served in Capt. Webster's 
Rangers and in R.I. campaign 1779. X. H. 
War Rolls, Vols. II, III. 

Hilton, Charles: in expedition to Quebec- 
and later in Continental Armv.. X. H. War 
Rolls, Vols. II, III. 

Hunt. Zaccheus: enlisted in 1777 for the 
war. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, II. 

Kneeland, Iehabod: served in a Mass. 
Reg't. X. H. State Papers, Vol. XXX, 1S6. 

Lunt, Ezekiel: served at Bunker Hill. 
Andover Historv, Part I, 190. X. H. War 
Rolls, Vol. I. 

Marston, Paul Smith : corporal in Webster's 
Co. at Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II. 

Mitchell, Philip: in Webster's Co. at Ben- 
ning ton. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II. 

Morey, William: in Webster's Co. at Ben- 
nington* X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II. 

Raino, Elias: wounded at Bunker Hill. 
Salisbury Historv, 252. X. II. War Rolls, 
Vol. I. 

Raino, John: wounded at Bunker Hill. 
Andover Historv, Part II, 404. X. H. War 
Rolls, Vols. I, If, III, IV. 

Rollins, Simeon: sergeant. Andover His- 
tory, Part II, 295. 

Rowe, John: served in a Mass. Reg't. 
X. H. State Papers, Vol. XXX, 192. 

Rowe, Nathan: in Capt. James Shepherd's 
Co. in Continental service. X". H. War Rolls, 
Vol. I, 316, 31S. 

Scribner, Josiah: served at Bunker Hill, 
later in the Reg'ts of Col. Bedel and Col. 
Wingate. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. I. X. H. 
State Papers, Vol. XXX, 459. 

Sleeper, Jedediah: in 'Webster's Co. at 
Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 164. 

Sleeper, Thomas: in Webster's Co. at 
Bennington. X. H. War Roils. Vol. II, 165. 

Tilton, Ebenezer: in Webster's Co. at 
Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Tucker, Joseph: at Bunker Hill and Ben- 
nington. Andover Historv, Part I, 190. 
X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Welch, Moses: in Webster's Co. at Ben- 
nington. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 166. 



Class Two. 

Revolutionary soldiers who owned 
land in Andover or came there to 
reside after the war. 

Ash, William: served in 1783. X. H. War 

Rolls, Vol. IV. 453. 

Batchelder, Mark: enlisted May 15, 1777 
for eight months. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. 
I, III. 

Brown, Joseph : served in Continental Army. 
Andover Historv, Part II, 31. 

Burns, Philip": in the Reg't of Cols. Poor, 
Wingate and Scammell. X. H. War Rolls. 
Vols. I, 110, 351; 11, 423. Died Xovember 
16, 177/. 

Cillev, Sam: served in Col. Sargent's Mass. 



The Soldier of the Revolution from the Small Town 



223 



Reg't. Andover History Part II, 81. X. H. 
State Papers, Vol. XXX, 393. 

Clough, Moses: ensign in Col. Stick-new s 
Keg't in 1770. X. H. War KolJs, Vol. I, 261. 

Currier, Edward: recruit for Continental 
Army in 17S0. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. III. 
X. H. State Papers, Vol. XXX, 433. 

Durgin, Gershom: in Capt. McConnell's 
Co. at Bennington. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. 
II, 177. 

Eastman, Abner: in Capt. Sias' Co. at 
Portsmouth in 1779.* X. H. War Rolls, 
Vols. I, II. 

Elkins, Samuel: in Col. Long's Reg't, 
September 30, 1770; in Col. Evans' Reg't. 
at Saratoga. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, II. 

Ellis, Lawrence: in Col. Scammon's Maine 
Reg't. in 1775. Andover Historv, Part II, 
135. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. I. 

Evans, Edward: adjutant of Col. Stick- 
nev's Res't. at Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, 
Vol. II, 161, 163. 

Glines, William : in Col. Stickney's Reg't. 
Julv 5. 1777. Pensioner in 1840. X. H. War 
Rolls, Vol. II, 128. 

Kimball, Samuel: in Col. Wingate's Reg't. 
in 1776. Pensioner in 1S40. X. H. War Rolls, 
Vol. I, 341. 

McGuin, Samuel: a pensioner in 1840. 
X. H. State Papers, Vol. XXX, 425. 

X'ewton, William: in Capt. Webster's Co. 
at Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 165, 

Page, Phineas: enlisted in Capt. Nathan 
Sanborn's Co. for Stark's Reg't. in September, 
1777. Served in Continental Arm v. X. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. I, II. 

Pervare, James Xoyes: served in Col. 
Poor's Reg't. in 1775." N. H. War Rolls, 
Vol. I, 110, 132, 190. 

Pike, James: served in X. H. and Mass. 
Reg'ts. A pensioner in 1835. X. H. War 
Rolls, Vols. I, IV. 

Rand, John: served in Col. Scammell's 
Reg't., 1777-S-9. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. 
I, II, III. 

Randall, James M.: in Continental Armv, 
1780. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 64, 73. 
Andover History, Part II, 402-3. 

Roberts, John: served in Col. Baldwins' 
Reg't. in 1775. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 749. 

Rollins, Eliphalct : enlisted in Continental 
Army in 1781. X. IT. War Rolls, Vol. III. 

Sanborn, David: in Col. Longs' Reg't. 
in 1776. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. I, 388, 494. 

Scribner, Iddo : in Websters' Co. at Ben- 
mngion. Historv of Salisbury, 259. 



There is still another class, com- 
posed of non-resident men, whose 
services in civil and military affairs 
would have entitled them to mem- 
bership in such a society as this, whose 
descendants, in considerable num- 
bers, have been residents of Andover. 



A list, probably incomplete, of such 
men follows: 

Blaisdejl, Isaac: in Capt. Samuel Mc- 
Connell's Co., Col. Oilman s Reg't. in 1777. 
X. II. War Rolls, Vol. I, 457, 539. 

Campbell, David: lieutenant in Col. 
Stickney's Reg't. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. 
1,261. 

Chase, Isaac: in Col. Baldwin's Reg't. 
in 1776. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. I, 430. 

Cole, John: of Amherst, X. II. Killed at 
Bunker Hill. 

Dole, John : in Benedict Arnold's detach- 
ment for Quebec in 1775. X. II. War Rolls, 
Vol. I. 

Eastman, Jeremiah: six years in Colonial 
Congress at Exeter, X. H. 

Evans, Wiggin: in Capt. Runnel's Co. 
Whitcomb's battallion, 1780. X. H. War 
Rolls, Vol. HI, 168, 169. 

Fifield, Abraham: at Bunker Hill and 
Bennington. Salisbury History, 252, 259. 

French, Joseph: in early X. H. Reg't. 
Salisbury History, 5S4. 

Greeley, Reuben: after three year's service 
died at Valley Forge, April 1, 1778. 

Huntoon, Benjamin: served at Bennington. 

Kilburn, Eliphalet: in a Mass. Reg't. 

Laha, James: a privateersman. Mass. 
war archives. 

Leeds, Xathan: an officer in Am. Army; 
wounded in British attack on Xew London, 
Conn. 

Maj'o, Thomas: a privateersman, after 
release from prison ship, died on his way home. 

Morrill, Abel: in Continental Army, 17S1. 
N. H. War Rolls, Vol. I, 565. 

Xoyes, Joseph: at Bunker Hill. 

Proctor, James: in army in 1776. Died 
on his way home. 

Quimby, John: sergeant in Hutchin's Co., 
Stark's Reg't. August 1777. X". H. War 
Rolls, Vol. 1,63. 

Robie, John: in expedition to Ticonderona 
in 1776. History of Weare, X. H., 20S-, 211 . 

Woodbury, James: served in a Mass. Reg't. 

Woodburv, John: in Col. Kellev's Reg't. 
in 1779. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 669. 

Salisbury Soldiers in the Revo- 
lutionary War. 

The town of Salisbury lies next to 
Andover on the south and was origi- 
nally about nine (9) miles long and 
four (4) miles wide. The longest 
dimension lay in a nearly east and 
west direction, the eastern boundary 
being the Merrimack and Pemige- 
wasset rivers. Between four and five 
thousand acres were taken from the 
eastern end of Salisbury to aid in 
forming the town of Franklin. The 



224 



The Granite Monthly 



general interests of the early settlers 
of Andover and Salisbury were so 
intimately related that it is not easy 
to consider their early military records 
separately. Residents of each town 
living near the boundary line fre- 
quently joined their immediate neigh- 
bors, in the other town, in military 
expeditions, and often became ac- 
credited to the town of which they 
were not residents. Philip Call, the 
first settler in Salisbury, arrived before 
1748. In 1767 there were 210 inhabi- 
tants; in October, 1775, 49S and in 
1786 there were 1,045. 

When the news of the conflict at 
Lexington reached Salisbury, the town 
had a well organized company of 
militia, commanded by Ebenezer, the 
father of Daniel Webster, with Lieut. 
Robert Smith and. in succession, 
Ensigns Moses Garland and Andrew 
Pettingill as junior officers. The 
following men, and perhaps some 
others, started immediately to the 
assistance of their compatriots, and 
served in" various organizations in the 
battle of Bunker Hill: John Bean, 
John Bowen, Jonathan Cram, Edward 
Evans, Moses Fellows, Abraham 
Fifield, Moses Garland, Reuben 
Greeley, Benjamin Howard, John 
Jemson. Joseph Lovering, Samuel 
Lovering, Jacob Morrill, Andrew 
Pettingill, Elias Raino, Samuel Scrib- 
ner, Peter Severance, Daniel Stevens, 
Ebenezer Webster, Moses Welch. 
Raino lived in Andover, just over 
the boundary line, and accompanied 
his Salisbury neighbors on the road to 
Bunker Hill, where he was severely 
wounded, but finally recovered. 

The following roll contains the 
names of men who enlisted from 
Salisbury or who resided there some- 
time during the period from 1775 to 
1783: 

Ash, John: a resident of Andover, served 
throughout the war, mainlv in the Conti- 
nental Armv. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, 

ii, in, iv. ; 

Bagley, George: served at Bennington. 
Salisbury History, 200. 

Bagley, John: in Col. Stark's Reg't. in 
1776. Salisbury History, 250. 



Barber. Jethro: in Continental Armv at 
West Point 1780. N. H. War Roils, Vol* ILL 

Barber, Robert: served at Bennington. 
N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Basford, James: in Col. Bedel's Reg't. in 
1770. X. II. War Rolls, Vols. I, II. 

Basford, John: in Col. Bedel's Reg't. in 
1776. Salisbury History, 256. 

Bavlev, William: in Col. Sticknev's Reg't. 
in 1777." X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 010. 

Bean, John: at Bunker Hill; afterwards 
ensign in Capt. Shepherd's Co., Col. Wy- 
man's Reg't. Salisbury Historv, 252, 250, 
263. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. I, 31S. 

Bean, Joseph: in Col. Xahum Baldwin's 
Reg't. 1770. Salisbury History, 257. 

Bean, Phineas: in Col. Xichol's Reg't. 
to R. I., August, 177S. X. H. War Rolls, 
Vol. II, 514. ' 

Bohonon, Andrew: lieutenant in Webster's 
Co. at Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. 
II, 104. 

Bohonon, Annaniah: in Col. Cillev's Con- 
tinental Reg't. in 1781. N.. H. War Rolls, 
Vol. III. 

Bohonon, Jacob: in Webster's Co. at 
Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, II, 165. 

Bohonon, Stephen : in Col. Sticknev's Reg't. 
1779. X. II. War Rolls, Vol. II, 003/670. 

Bowen, Jeremiah: in Col. Bedel's Reg't. 
1778-9; in Capt. Webster's Rangers 1782. 
X. H. War Rolls, Vols. II, 586; III, 296. 

Bowen, John: at Bunker Hill; in Col. 
Xichol's Reg't. to R. I., 1778. Salisbury 
Historv, 252. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 
514; III, 184. 

Brocklebank, Daniel: served at Benning- 
ton. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 166. 

Burbank, Wells: in Col. Bedel's Reg't. 
in 1776; in Col. Xichol's Reg't. to R. L, in 
1778. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, 27-1, 270; 
II, 515. 

Calef, William: served at Bennington. 
X. H. War Roils, Vol. II, 165. 

Call, Stephen: in Col. Wyman's Reg't. 
1776; in Col. Xichol's Reg't. to R. I., in 1778. 

Challis, John: at Bunker hill. Salisbury 
History, 523, 524. 

Challis, Thomas: at Bunker Hill. Salis- 
bury History, 523, 521. 

Colby, Rowell: at Bennington. X. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Cram, Jonathan: at Bunker Hill: in 
Stark's Reg't. August and October, 1775 
Salisbury Historv, 252. X. H. War Rolls 
Vol. I, 68, ISO. 

Cross, Thomas: enlisted in Continental 
Army, in 1780, for three years. Salisbury 
History, 264. 

Eastman, Benjamin: in Col. Xichol's Reg t. 
to R. I., in 177S; and at West Point in 17*0. 
X. 11. War Rolls 111, 147; Salisbury History, 
263. 

Eastman, Edward: in Col. Xichol's Reg t. 
to R. I. in 1778; and in Col. Baldwin's Reg t. 
in 1776. 

Eastman, Jeremiah: in Col. Xichol's Reg t 



The Soldier of the Revolution from the Small Town 



225 



to R. I., in 177S: and in Col. Baldwin's Reg't. 
in 177*;. 

Elk ins, Abel: served at Bennington. X. H. 
Wai KulLsVol.il. lot). 

Elkins, Henry: in Col. Reynold's Reg't. 
in 17S1. Salisbury History, 2(35. 

Hi kins, Moses: served at Bennington. 
X. H. \\ ar Rolls, Vol. li, 165. 

Evans, Edward: adjutant of Stiekney's 
Reg't. at Bennington. N, H. War Rolls, 
Vol. II, 161, 163. 

Felch, Daniel: *m Col. Scammell's Reg't. 
in 1777. X. II. War Rolls, Vols. I, 659; II, 
610. 

Fellows, John Jr.: enlisted for three years 
in Continental Armv in 1781. X. II. War 
Rolls, Vol. Ill, 2:36. * 

Fellows, Moses: at Bunker Hill; enlisted 
in Continental in 1777, for three years. Salis- 
burv History, 252. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. 

I, 548. 

Fifield, Abraham: sergeant, at Bunker Hill 
and Bennington. The second man over the 
enemv's breastworks at Bennington. Salis- 
bury 'History, 252. X. H. War' Rolls, Vol. 

II, *164. 

Filield, Edward: served al Bennington, 
in Continental Armv at West Point in 1776. 
X. H. War Rolls, Vol. I, 430. X. H. War 
Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Fifield, John: served at Bennington. X. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Fifield, "Jonathan: served at Bennington, 
and in Continental armv at West Point in 

1780. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 165; Vol. 

III, 147. 

Fifield, Joseph: served at Bennington, 
in Capt. Benj. Emery's Co. in 1776. The 
first man over the enemy's breatworks at 
Bennington. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, 430; 
II, 165. 

Fifield, Sherburne: in Capt. Webster's Co. 
at West Point in 1780. X. H. War Rolls, 
Vol. HI, 147. 

Fifield, Winthrop, son of John (above): in 
Capt. Webster's Co. at West Point in 17S0. 
X. H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 147. 

Foster, Jonathan: served at Bennington, 
and in Continental Armv. N. H. War Roils, 
Vols. I, 316, 318: II, l<u! 

French, Joseph: '"in the Revolutionary 
War." Salisbury History, 584. 

French, S.: in Col. Reynold's Reg't. in 

1781. Salisbury History, 265. 

Gale, John C: served at Bennington. 
N. II. War Rolls, Vol. 11, 165. 

Garland, Jacob: served at Bennington. 
X.H. War Rolls, Vol.11, 166. 

Garland, Moses: at Bunker Hill; in Capt. 
Benj. Emery's Co. in 1776 and in Col. Xiehoi's 
Reg't. to R. I. in 1778. Salisbury History, 
2"2. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, 430; II, 515. " 

Gilman, Daniel: in Col. Xiehoi's Reg't. 
to R. I., in 177S. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 
514. 

Greelev, David: in Continental Army in 
1780. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 87, 90." 



Grc?lev, Matthew: in Col. Scammell's 
Reg't. in 1777 X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, 

II, III, IV. 

Greeley, Reuben: in Col. Scammell's Reg't. 
in 17/7. Died at Vallev Forge, April I, 1778. 
X. li. War Rolls, Vols." I, 650: III, 11. 316. 

Hackett, George: in Continental Armv in 
1780. A. H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 87, 90. * 

Hall, David: at Bunker Hill. Salisbury 
History, do, 70. 

Heath, Ephraim: in Col. Scammell's Reg't. 
in 1777. Died at Vallev Force, March 26, 
1778. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, 659; III, 9, 42. 

Hoitt, Reuben: in Col. Scammell's Reg't. 
in 1777. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. 1, 659: III, 10. 

Howard, Benjamin: in Col. Scammell's 
Reg't. in 1777. X. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, 
659; III, 10. 

Hoyt, Joseph: in Col. Xiehoi's Reg't. at 
West Point in 1780. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. 

III, 14S. 

Hunloon, Benjamin: at Bennington, and 
in Col. Xiehoi's Reg't. to R. I. in 1778. X'. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. 11,164,514. 

Huntoon, Jonathan: in Col. Stark's Reg't. 
1775; in Mass. Reg't. X. II. War Roils, Vols. 
I, 60; II, 754. 

Huntoon, Nathaniel: in Col. Baldwin's 
Reg't. in 1776. Salisbury History, 257. 

Huntoon, Philip: in Col. Baldwin's Reg't. 
in 1776. Salisbury History, 275. 

Ingalls, Benjamin P.: in Xiehoi's Reg't. 
at West Point in 1780. X. H. War Roils, 
Vol. Ill, 147. 

Jemson, John: served at Bennington. 
X. H. Wai Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Johnson, James: in Capt. Shepherd's Co. 
in 1776; served at Bennington. X. H. War 
Rolls. Vols. 1, 316; II, 166. 

Judkins, J.: in Col. Reynold's Reg't. 
1781-2. Salisbury History, 265. 

Judkins, Samuel: in Col. Scammell's Reg't. 

1780. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 183. 
Lovering, Joseph: at Bunker Hill. Salis- 
bury History, 252. 

Lovering, Samuel: at Bunker Hill and 
corporal at Bennington. Salisbury History, 
252. X. II. War Roils, Vol. JI, 164. 

Lufkin, Levi: in Continental Armv in 1781. 
X.H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 521. 

Lufkin, Philip: in Col. Scammell's Reg't. 
in 1777. X. H. "War Rolls, Vol. I, 659. . 

Lufkin, William: in Col. Scammell's Reg't. 
April 13, 1777. Died March 1, 1778. X. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 11. 

Mason. John: in Continental Armv in 

1781. X. H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 243. 
Mason, Josiah: in Col. Mouhon's Reg't. 

October, 1777; in Continental Armv in 1780. 
X. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 412. Salisbury 
History, 264. 

Meloon, Joseph: in Lt. Col. Gerrish's 
battalion in Julv, 1777. X. H. War Rolls, 
Vol. II, 127. 

Meloon, Samuel: in Col. Reynold's Reg't. 
1781-2. Salisbury History, 265. 

Morrill, Abel: in Col. Hale's Reg't. in 



The Granite Monthly 



1777; in Col. Reynold's Reg't, 17S1-2. N. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. I, 017. Salisbury History, 
265. 

Morrill, Jacob: at Bunker Hill: in Stark's 
Eeg't. in 1775. Salisbury History, 252. N.H. 
War Rolls, Vol. 1,69. 

Morse, Joshua: served as corporal at 
Bennington. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 164. 

Newton, William: at Bennington. N. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Nichols, George: enlisted in Continental 
Armv in 1779. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 
631." ► 

Pettengill, Andrew: served at Bunker Hill 
and Bennington. Wounded at Bennington, 
where he served as lieutenant. Died Decem- 
ber 12, 1777. 

Pettingill, Benjamin: in Col. Nichol's Reg't. 
to R. L, in 1778. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 
515. 

Pettingill, David: served at Bennington. 
N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 166. 

Pettingill, Matthew: lieutenant in Capt. 
Connors Co. in 1775: served at Bennington. 
N. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, 242; II, 165. 

Purmort, Richard: served at Bennington. 
N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 164. 

Raino, Elias: a resident of Andover; 
severely wounded at Bunker Hill. Salisbury 
History, 252. 

Sanbcrn, Benjamin: in Col. Sticknev's 
Reg't. in 17S1. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 
264. 

Sanborn, 'John: at Bennington. N. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. II, 164. 

Sanborn, Simeon: in Capt. Dearborn's Co. 
in expedition to Quebec in 1775. N. H. War 
Rolls, Vol. I, 210. 

Sanders, Samuel: in Continental Army 
in 1781. N.H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 243. 

Sawyer, Edmund: served at Bennington. 
N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Scribner, Benjamin: served at Bennington. 
N. H..War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Scribner, Ebenezer: in Continental Armv 
inl781. N.H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 243. 

Scribner, Edward: at Bennington. N. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Scribner, Iddo: at Bennington. N. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Scribner, Jonathan: in Shepherd's Co., 
Col. Wyman's Reg't. 1776. Salisbury His- 
tory, 256. 

Scribner, Samuel: at Bunker Hill. Salis- 
bury History, 252. 

Searle, William: served at Bennington. 
N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 164. 

Severance, Peter: served at Bennington. 
N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Shepard, Elisha: in Lt. Col. Gerrish's bal - 
talion in 1777. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 
128. 

Smith, John: at Bennington. N. H. War 
Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Smith, Josiah: in Continental Armv in 
1780. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. III. 236. 

Smith, Robert: at Bunker Hill, adjutant 



of Col. Nichol's Reg't. at Bennington. Salis- 
bury History, 251. N. II. War Rolls, Vol. 

II, 19S. 

Snow, Joshua: enlisted in Col. Scammell's 
Reg't. in March, 1777; and in Continental 
Armv, 1770. N. II. War Rolls, Vols. 1. 
659; H, 734. 

Stevens, Cutting: in Shepherd's Co., Wy- 
man's Reg't. in 1776. N. H. War Rolls, 
Vol. I, 316. 

Stevens, Daniel: at Bunker Hili. Salis- 
bury HistOiy , 252. 

True, Jacob: at Bennington. N. H. War 
Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Tucker, Jacob: in Lt. Col. Gerrish's bat- 
talion in 1777. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 127. 

Tucker, Joseph: at Bennington. N. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. II, 165. 

Webster, Ebenezer: at Bunker Hill, and 
at Bennington. Served almost continuously 
during the war; and in every position from 
private to captain. Salisbury History, 251— 
266. N. H. War Rolls, Vols. I, II, III, IV. 

Webster, Israel: at Bennington. N. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. II, 166. 

Webster, John: lieutenant in Col. Bedel's 
Reg't. in 1776. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. I, 
273, 288. 

Webster, Joseph: recruit in Continental 
Armv in 17S0. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 
87. 

Webster, Moses: in Col. Reynold's Reg't. 
in 1781-2. Salisbury History, 265. 

Welsh, Moses: at Bennington. N. H. 
War Rolls, Vol. II, 166. 

Whittemore, Peter: in Col. Reynold's Reg't. 
in 1781-2. Salisbury History, 265. 

Wise, Robert: in Continental Armv at 
West Point in 17S0. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. 

III, 147. 

Revolutionary soldiers who owned 
property in Salisbury or came there 
to reside after the war. 

Adams, Enoch: a soldier in Capt. Gerish's 
Co. from Newbury Mass. in 1775. Salisbury 
History, 446. 

Baker, Benjamin: at Bunker Hill. Salis- 
bury History, 451. 

Buriey, Joseph: enlisted early in the war 
in a Mass. Reg't. Salisbury History, 508*. 

Chase, William: lieutenant in Capt. Nicho- 
las Rawling's Co. in 1775, at Portsmouth. 
N. H. War Rolls, Vol. I, 231. 

Peters, John: wounded at Bennington. 
Salisbury History, 688. N. H. War Rolls, 
Vol. II, 196. 

Quimby, Tristram: an early Revolutionary 
soldier. Salisbury History, 54. 

Sanborn, Moses: in Col. Oilman's Reg't. 
in 1777. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. II, 285. 

Watson, Caleb: served in Maj. Whitcomb's 
Rangers in 1780. N. H. War Rolls, Vol. Ill, 
169. Salisbury History, 823. Wieare His- 
tory, 234, 244. 



jA% 



A DAY IN JUNE 

By Hannah B. Merriam 

How glorious are the woods today. 

In this New England's month of bloom; 

The skies no longer dull and gray, 
Xow lift and widen, making room. 

Where fairy islands seem to rest. 

And clouds no longer dim the west. 

With canopy of green o'erhead. 

And bright lined carpet at our feet; 

With nature's book wide open spread. 
Can Heaven hold more fair retreat 

Than this, reflecting wood and skies 

Where, mirror-like, the river lies? 

Incense is rising from the sod. 

The shrubs their sweetest fragrance lend, 
The trees uplift in praise to God, 

And harmonies so richly blend; 
The birds break forth in gladdest song, 
And men forget the ways of wrong. 

As diamonds oft their lustre hide 

Where rays of sunshine fail to reach. 

So men, too long of joy denied, 

Grow cold and hard in mind and speech. 

When shall we learn the human need? 

'Tis often sunlight more than creed. 



THE SEA-TURN 

By Emily B. Cole 

Low-lying Appledore, so lately kist 

By blazing sun, it wraps in ghostly mist : 

New Castle's frowning Fort from view it sweeps; 

Past Jerry's Point it swift and silent creeps. 

That floating fortress, anchored in the stream, 

Close wreathed in fog, has vanished like a dream. 

Swift currents by its stealthy ringers chilled 

Grow gray and lifeless, all their beauty stilled. 

Yon lazy gundalo, with tawny sail. 
Grows faint in such embrace, and dim and pale. 
One silent sea-gull sails across the blue- 
Now, wings and silv'ry vapor blend in hue; 
White birches close beside us ghostly gleam; 
All blotted out the harbor, shore and stream. 
Close, close about us, turn where e'er we list, 
Sight cannot pierce the wails of filmy mist. 



xa% 









m*^M 



HON. HENRY C. MORRISON 
Stale Superintendent of Public Instruction 



■M 



A STEP FORWARD 



Reorganization of the State's Educational Department 



Fifty years ago it was generally 
claimed that New England surpassed 
all other sections of the country in 
the excellence of its school system. 
A generation later conditions had 
changed. The central west and north- 
west, and even the far western states 
had forged ahead in this regard, and 
New England had fallen far in the 
rear. A dozen years ago New Hamp- 
shire was well nigh the foot of the line 
of states in the matter of illiteracy,, 
and its people were compelled to hang 
their heads in shame when the fact 
was held up for public consideration. 

During the incumbency of Chan* 
ning Folsom in the office of state 
superintendent of public instruction a 
campaign for improved conditions in 
the educational system of the State 
was inaugurated. A plan for State 
aid to schools in rural districts was 
initiated and put in operation on a 
modest scale; and a plan for more 
efficient supervision of the public 
schools, under which the State should 
cooperate with the towns in defraying 
the expense wherever the plan was 
adopted, was also devised, and a few 
supervisory districts so-called, estab- 
lished under its provisions, through 
the persistent efforts of Mr. Folsom, 
who found local prejudice almost 
everywhere standing in the way of 
real progress. 

When, nine years ago next October, 
the present incumbent, Henry C. 
Morrison, then superintendent of the 
schools of Porstmouth, was named as 
Mr. Folsoin's successor, if the "old 
fogies 7 ' thought, as some of them 
unquestionably did, that the march of 
progress would be halted and these 
plans abandoned, they ''reckoned 
without their host." 'Through all 
these years Mr. Morrison, single- 
handed and alone, has carried on 
the fight . for the improvement of 
New Hampshire's educational status. 



Better training for teachers; more 
thorough supervision for the schools; 
more rigid child labor legislation and 
stricter enforcement of the law com- 
pelling school attendance; increased 
State aid for schools in the poorer 
towns, and increased provision for 
high school instruction elsewhere, for 
scholars in towns where no high 
schools are maintained — these are 
among the objects for which he has 
persistently and successfully labored 
till a vast improvement has been 
effected all along the line and, today, 
the schools of New Hampshire rank 
well along with the best, and the pro- 
portion of scholars pursuing the high 
school course is larger than in most 
other states and surpassed in none; 
while through his intelligent and per- 
sistent effort, and the marked results 
accomplished. Mr. Morrison has come 
to be generally regarded as the most 
efficient superintendent in the coun- 
try, though there are others drawing- 
more than double the increased salary 
which he is allowed under the recent 
act of the Legislature reorganizing 
the educational department. 

By the terms of the legislation 
referred to, which Mr. Morrison had 
long sought to secure, the introduction 
of technical or vocational instruction 
into the schools of the State, including 
agriculture, domestic science and man- 
ual training, is not only authorized, 
but is practically assured. Provision 
is made for three deputy superintend- 
ents, one of whom must be a woman, 
and all of whom have already been 
named. These are George H. Whitch- 
er, superintendent of the schools of 
Berlin; H. A. Brown, supervisor of the 
schools of Colebrook and Errol, and 
Miss Harriet L. Huntress, for many 
years the efficient chief clerk in the 
office of the department in Concord. 
With the continued service of so able 
a superintendent, cheered by the 



230 



The Granite Monthly 



knowledge that his tireless efforts are 
at last in good measure appreciated, 
and aided by trained assistants of 
recognized capacity, there is no reason 
to doubt that the cause of public 
education in the State of New Hamp- 
shire will make rapid advance, and 
that there will be no farther occasion 
to compare our school system to its 
disadvantage, with that of any other 
state. 



has been many years a director of the 
National Educational Association, and 
is also prominent in the work of the 
American Institute of Instruction of 
which he has been twice elected presi- 
dent. His reputation as a successful 
educator is nation-wide, and his 
services as a lecturer upon educational 
topics are largely sought. The New 
Hampshire. State College conferred 
upon him the degree of Master of 
Science in 1906. 



An extended biographical notice of 
Mr. Morrison was presented in the 
Granite Monthly for February, 
1910, from which some leading facts 
may be repeated in this connection: 

He is the son of the late John H. 
and Mary L. (Ham) Morrison of 
Oldtown, Me., born October 7, 1871. 
He graduated from the Oldtown high 
school in 1881, served two years as 
assistant teacher in that institution, 
entered Dartmouth College in 1891, 
and graduated in 1895 as the vale- 
dictorian of his class. In September 
following he became principal of the 
high school in the town of Milford, 
and continued in that position to the 
great satisfaction of the public till 
May 1899, when he resigned to accept 
the position of superintendent of 
schools for the. city of Portsmouth, in 
which he served with signal ability 
until his appointment by the Governor 
and Council in the fall of 1904, as 
superintendent of public instruction, 
to succeed Channihg Folsom, whose 
renomination by Governor Bachelder 
the Council refused to confirm, since 
when he has served the State with 
tireless zeal and energy, often in the 
face of opposition and discouragement, 
but never swerving for a moment from 
his fixed purpose to improve and 
uplift the school system of New Hamp- 
shire, with the success heretofore 
noted. He has been actively identi- 
fied with the educational interests of 
the State and country, outside his 
official work. He is a prominent 
member, and has been president of the 
New Hampshire Teachers'Association, 



George H. Whiteher, deputy super- 
intendent, who will have direction of 




George H. Whitcher 

Deputy Superintendent 

the work in agricultural, mechanic 
arts and domestic science courses in 
the schools throughout the State, is 
admirably adapted for the position 
to which he has been assigned. He 
is a native of the town of Strafford, 
was educated at Coe's Academy, 
Northwood, and in the department of 
Agriculture -and Mechanic Arts at 
Dartmouth where he graduated at 
the head of the class in 1881. He was 
for ten years professor of applied 



A Step Forward 



231 



science and agriculture in the State 
College and director of the New 
Hampshire Experiment Station, which 
latter was organized under his direc- 
tion. In 1S90 he became a member 
of the board of education of the town 
of Durham, and after the passage of 
the law authorizing the establishment 
of supervisory districts he became 
supervisor of schools in a district 
including the towns of Durham, New- 
market and Alton, where his work was 
so successful as to attract wide atten- 
tion in the educational world, so that 
the board of education in the city of 
Berlin, where the office of superin- 
tendent of schools had just been 
created, in December, 1903, selected 
him to fill that office, in which posi- 
tion he has served till the present 
time. During these ten years he 
has effected marvelous results, and, 
despite some rather persistent opposi- 
tion, has succeeded in placing the 
Berlin schools at the very front in the 
line of practical efficiency. The essen- 
tial basis upon which his work rests is 
the firm belief that children develop, 
in mind as well as body, through 
''doing guided by thinking." Under 
the s\'stem he has adopted and put 
in successful operation the problem of 
vocational training has been thor- 
oughly solved, and at the same time 
the course of instruction has been 
made so attractive that a larger pro- 
portion of the children avail them- 
selves of high school privileges than 
anywhere else in the State. Boards 
of education from other cities and 
towns have been led to visit Berlin 
and to model their work after the 
plan adopted by 
AVhitcher. 

Mr. Whitcher has 
tiori as a lecturer 
topics, his work ranging from institute 
lectures to addresses before the Nation- 
al Educational Association, and, in 
summer school work, from single topics 
at local State summer school insti- 
tutes to courses on psychology at the 
Dartmouth Summer School. For 
three summers at Pittsburgh, Pa., he 



Superintendent 

a wide reputa- 
on educational 



nearly one thousand 
and there developed 



had charge of 
street urchins, 

an educational scheme of school c 
dening and manual training so 
strikingly successful that the city 
government created the position of 
superintendent of parks and play- 
grounds and elected him thereto. He 
declined it, however, because the Ber- 
lin work was not yet fully organized, 
and the Board of Education there, by 
an increased salary and extended 
tenure of office, persuaded him to re- 
main, which he has done to the pre- 
sent time, though receiving other 
nattering offers with much larger 
salaries. 



Harry A. Brown of Colebrook, who, 
under the new departure, is to have 



-.;• ;. . v «-.-p*.~i 



1 1 



Harry A. Brown 

Deputy Superintendent 

charge of school inspection, and the 
supervision of local systems through- 
out the State, although compara- 
tively a young man, has accomplished 
remarkably successful results. He is 
a native of Liberty, Me., fitted for 
college in the Maine Central Institute 
at Pittsfield, from which he graduated 



232 



The Granite Monthly 



in 1S99; studied two years at Bates 
College; engaged in teaching for sev- 
eral years; then, resuming his college 
work, was graduated A. B. from the 
College of Education in the University 
of Colorado, where he also completed 
about a year of graduate work. 

His experience in teaching and 
supervision has been: teacher in 
Maine rural schools, 1899-1902; super- 
visory principal of schools, Liberty, 
Me., 1903-04; district superintendent 
of schools, Salem-Hudson, X. IL, 
supervisory district, 1904-05; super- 
visory principal of schools, Glasgow, 
Montana, 1907-09; district superin- 
tendent of schools, Colebrook-Errol 
supervisory district, 1909-13; instruc- 
tor in psychology and pedagogy,. 
State Normal School, Plymouth, sum- 
mer session, 1912. 

It has been through his work at 
Colebrook, where, in the new high 
school building erected since his 
incumbency and specially adapted 
under his supervision to the work in 
hand, a most complete system of 
agricultural, domestic arts and manual 



training instruction has been estab- 
lished, and so successfully pursued as 
to command the admiration of friends 
of progressive education from far and 
near. This school has, indeed, been 
made a model for the country, and 
its work was the basis for a bulletin 
prepared b\- Mr. Brown and published 
by the United States Bureau of Edu- 
cation, entitled ''The Readjustment, 
of a Rural High School to the Xeeds of 
the Community." 

With these two able assistants in 
the field, both of whom have accepted, 
and so experienced and efficient an 
assistant as Miss Huntress, whose 
acceptance is hoped for, in charge of 
the office work, Superintendent Mor- 
rison will be able to devote his energies 
to the work of general supervision, 
searching out the weak places and 
remedying the defects of the system 
wherever they may exist. The State 
of Xew Hampshire is, indeed, to be 
congratulated upon the advance step 
which has been taken, and the promis- 
ing outlook for the future which it 
insures. 



BY THE SEA 

By Lucy H. Heath 

They sat on the rocks by the ocean, 

A woman and maiden fair; 
They had left their work for a season, 

To seek rest and quiet there. 

The rosy hue of the sunset hour, 

Merged into twilight gray; 
The full moon rose, they still sat there 
- And watched the waves in their fray. 

The maiden lifted a thoughtful face; 

"Tell me," she said, "if you can, 
Why it is that the restless ocean 

Is restful to wear}' man?" 

Again there was thought and silence, while 
Waves dashed high at their feet; 

" I think I can answer your question," 
The reply came, low and sweet. 

When near to the heart of Xature, we 

Are drawn toward God above; 
He speaks through the waves of the ocean, 

We rest in His arms of love. 



J2-33 



THE SETTLEMENT OF WARREN 



Address hy Frank C. Clement' 



Allow me to say. in the outset, that 
all the historical data used at this 
celebration was gathered by our town 
historian, William Little, in his ''His- 
tory of Warren" — a work commenced 
at the age of sixteen and persistently 
followed, resulting in the most unique 
and attractive town history in the 
State. 

Although Warren was spotted on 
the map in 1761, it was not legally 
born into the world until July 14, 
1763. There seems to be a little dis- 
crepancy concerning the derivation of 
the name: some say His Excellency 
named it after a friend, Admiral 
Warren; others that it was named for 
a borough in England, while the pop- 
ular belief is that it might have been 
so called because of the abundance of 
rabbits whose homes are oftentimes 
called warrens. 

Its first charter was granted 
January 28, 1704, to' John Page, 
Esq., and sixty-five others, Governor 
Went worth reserving a lot of five 
hundred acres for himself, which 
included Wachipauka Pond, the face 
of Webster's Slide and Blueberry 
Mountain. There was also reserved 
one share for a society for spreading 
the Gospel to foreign nations, one for 
the church of England, and one for 
the benefit of a school to be estab- 
lished in the town.' The terms of the 
charter were as follows: " Every 
grantee shall plant and cultivate 5 
acres of land within 5 years; all pine 
trees shall be reserved; a lot of one 
acre shall be laid out in the center of 
the town for each grantee; for a period 
of ten years each grantee shall pay 
rent of one ear of corn annually and 
after that, one shilling for every. 100 
acres." 

This address by Mr. Clement was deliv- 
ered during the exercises in celebration of 
the one hundred fiftieth anniversary of the 
settlement of the town of Warren, at the site 
of the first house built in town, July 15, 1913. 



When several months had elapsed, 
John Page and his associates, with 
Benjamin Leavitt as surveyor, made 
an expedition into this region and, 
after many adventures — some laugh- 
able, some tragic — succeeded in draw- 
ing the lines. In the spring of 1767, 
after nearly half of the specified time 
had expired, a road was put through 
and lots of eighty acres each were laid 
out. This road was the old original 
Indian trail and followed through the 
main part of this section, along the 
valley of the Asquamchumauke River. 
The plots were assigned by drawing 
lots, Thomas True getting the first, 
Ebenezer Stevens the second, etc. 

All too soon the weeks flew into 
months and months into years, until 
the proprietors suddenly awoke to the 
realization that the beloved charter 
had been forfeited, Somewhat cha- 
grined at^ their waste of time, and at 
a* loss to know what would happen, 
they called a meeting and, in fear and 
trembling, chose Col. Jonathan Gree- 
ley and Hon. Josiah Bartlett to con- 
stitute a committee to confer with 
John Wentworth, nephew of Benning 
Went worth, who was now governor 
of New Hampshire. He calmed their 
fears and told them to go on as if 
nothing had happened and, later in 
the year, he would grant them a new 
charter. 

At a meeting of the proprietors in 
17GS it was voted that the following 
resolutions be adopted: 

"We will give 50 acres of land to 
each family up to 25 in number who 
will settle before October 1, 1768; the 
first settler shall take his first choice 
of the 50 acre lots, etc.; each settler 
shall receive 6 pounds." 

Colonel Greele}" and Phillips White 
were asked to interview the governor 
and treat for a new charter. This, 
however, was not issued until about 
a year later when White rode to 



234 



The Granite Monthly 



Portsmouth and paid seventy-eight 
pounds and 1 shilling for it, only to 
have it again forfeited at the end of 
four years. Had not the. Revolution- 
ary War occurred the result would 
probably have been the loss of the 
township entirely. 

At first there, were Indian wigwams 
in this peaceful valley, then camps 
of trappers and trampers, and, lastly, 
those of the surveyors and linesmen. 
Joseph Patch was the first real settler, 
coming in the autumn of 1767. He 
had a passion for hunting and, with 
a hunter's life in view, built him a 
camp beside Hurricane Brook. He 
was a young man. not 21 years of age, 
with brown hair, blue eyes, light com- 
plexion, and pleasing countenance. 
He was a strong athletic fellow weigh- 
ing about 150 pounds and possessed 
good courage as you may judge from 
the following incident relating his 
experience with a catamount: 

It is told how he lay sleeping upon his bed 
of spruce boughs one dark night in his halt- 
open camp, when the low growling of the dog 
at his side awoke him. The lire, which he had 
left burning when he went to sleep, had gone 
out, and all was black darkness in the woods. 
Only the rustle of the leaves overhead and the 
low murmur of the brook on the smooth-worn 
stones disturbed the silence. Looking cau- 
tiously out he could see nothing. His dog 
continuing to growl, he put his hands on the 
hound's back and found that the hair was as 
stiff as bristles. Again he looked out, and 
happening to raise his eyes h^ saw gleaming 
in the branches of a low maple tree what 
seemed to be two balls of fire. Only the eyes 
of a catamount could glow like that. He felt 
the cold sweat creeping over him but realizing 
his danger he recovered himself, coolly picked 
up his gun, took deliberate aim and fired. 
There was a wild howl, a dead fall, a terrible 
struggle for a moment, biting the earth and 
rending the bark from trees, and the ferocious 
animal was dead. The hunter's courage had 
saved his life. He built a fire for the" night 
and in the morning skinned the largest cata- 
mount he ever saw. 

Joseph was the son of Thomas 
Patch and was born in Hollis. He 
attended school but a few years of his 
life. Versed in practical knowledge, 
however, he realized his needs and 
the first week in October began clear- 



ing an acre of land just east of the 
schoolhouse and at the turn of the 
road; nearby he planted the first 
apple tree. Later in the year he dug 
a cellar upon this spot, stoned it and 
built over it a log shanty covered with 
spruce bark and tightened with moss. 
He also built a Dutch oven on top of 
an old growth pine stump still visible. 
Here, in his humble dwelling place, 
lie spent his time, dressing the wild 
game that his days of hunting brought 
as booty. 

In the pageant before you, repre- 
senting a group of Kipmuck Indians 
with their chief, Waternomee, is 
vividly recalled the destruction of 
that tribe's village on the Connecticut 
by Colonel Baker and their pursuit of 
him down this valley and the tragic 
death of Waternpmee near Bridge- 
water at the hands of Colonel Baker, 
as related in Little's history. 

The first family, consisting of Air. 
John Mills, his sister, his wife and 
several children, came on horseback 
from Portsmouth, and built a house 
on the ridge, opposite the railroad 
bridge. This they furnished with 
tables and chairs, roughly hewn out of 
the great trees, and fixed up beds with 
beams and boughs. The first thing 
Air. Mills did in the way of clearing 
was to drain the pond and so secure 
grass land for his horse and cow. 
Then he made a garden, planting corn, 
turnips, beans and pumpkins, the 
seeds for which he purchased in 
Plymouth and Haverhill. Thus civ- 
ilization began in this peaceful fertile 
valley of the Asojuamchumauke. 

And since that day and era the 
world has witnessed its most wonder- 
ful evolution and revolution — the 
complete change of its industrial and 
economic life. The world's work done 
by industrial organizations first known 
as factories, then as great combina- 
tions of factories called trusts. They 
claim that the work is here done with 
the greatest efficiency. Efficiency — ■ 
mark that word efficiency. The great- 
est efficiency for what? For what? 
To exact usurious dividends from the 



The Settlement of Warren 



235 



public or from the ultimate consumer 
of its products! The only remedy is 
the limitation of these dividends In- 
law. This is the problem of our 
coming generations. 

The apparent failure of our great 
railroad combination in New England 
is a significant and hopeful sign of this 
work of education. The great living 
Divine command of the future will 



be Thou shall not take usurious 
dividends.* 

* 'T see in the near future a crisis approach- 
ing that unnerve.- me, and causes me to 
tremble for the safety of my country.'' 

"Corporations have been enthroned, an 
era of corruption in high places will follow, 
and the money power of the country will 
endeavor to prolong its reign by working on 
the prejudices of the people until the wealth 
is aggregated in a few hands and the republic 
is destroved." — Abraham Lincoln. 



THE PAST 

By L. J. H. Frost 

I dream today of the dear old past, 
And my tears are falling thick and fast; 
The days of my youth so far away, 
I am living over again today. 

I see again my childhood home, 
Its woodland paths again I roam; 
The wild birds song again I hear, 
Telling his joy in cadence clear. 

The babbling brook runs by my feet, 
Bordered by lilies white and sweet; 
While mid the tall trees standing nigh, 
The wind plays a soft, sweet lullaby. 

Oh days of the past, ye seem to me 
Like green isles in some distant sea; 
And, floating out across the main, 
Sweet voices speak to me again. 

Voices I loved, so full of cheer 
That they dispelled all thoughts of fear; 
While in my heart love's sweet refrain 
Makes joy that's not akin to pain. 



Farewell, dear past, the shadows fall 
Across my path like a thick pall; 
But voices echoing far away 
Speak to my soul of deathless day. 



2.3 fc 



THE SILVER LUSTRE SET 

By Frances Healey 



"Well, there's just one thine; of 
Cyrus's I would like,' 7 said Mrs. 
Foster, shutting the picture album 
smartly, "just one thing and that I 
suppose I shan't get anyhow, although 
Aunt Sarah promised it to me because 
I looked so like Grandma — and that 
is the silver lustre tea set." 

Mrs. Borden raised her eyes from 
the white wool sweater she was knit- 
ting. 

"Aunt Sarah promised that to you, 
Henrietta? Why it wasn't even hers 
to promise. Grandma gave it to me 
long before she died, for my name. 
Cyrus told me it was in the Museum 
■ — just lent you know — and has been 
for years. The portraits, of course, 
will come back to the old house and 
the old furniture, and, of course, the 
tea set, too. I'm going to have it in 
the cupboard up here in the sitting 
room, just as it used to be, only I 
shall have glass doors put in so it 
can be seen. After I'm gone I want 
it divided so each one of the descend- 
ants can have a piece. That is the 
fairest way/' And Airs. Borden began 
to count stitches and knit to make up 
for lost time. 

"That's all very well, Susannah, 
but I'd like to know where I come 
in?" The third sister stopped prob- 
ing the fire and half turned toward 
the others. 

"1 think Grandpa had some right 
to say who should have that tea set, 
seeing that it was his wedding present 
to Grandma, and he always promised 
it to me. Just because I've no girls 
it is no reason my boys do not want 
any of the old family things." And 
Airs. Carlton gave the fire one more 
poke before site hung up the tongs. 

"Well, it's the least of my troubles. 
Susannah will probably get it and 
you and I", Adeline, may as well put 
it out of our heads. Goodness knows 
she's done enough for Cyrus anyway. 



Do you know if Cyrus left the things 
to the Carter family collectively or 
whether he gave us each a special 
relic. Susannah?" 

'■Um-m, in a minute. There, I 
had to finish this needle. Why. he 
didn't say. I suppose he would just 
say the things should come back. 
That's what Jerusha wants me to go 
down about. I think you might go 
too, Henrietta. You know Jerusha 
always liked you." 

"Not I. If I don't get a thing I 
certainly do not intend to get mixed 
up in this matter of Cousin Cyrus 
Carter's old family trash. All I want 
is the tea set and that I shan't get. 
so what's the use? For gracious sake, 
Sue, you aren't going to finish that 
sweater off yet?" 

Mrs. Borden spread the - garment 
out on her knee. "Don't you think 
that's long enough? " she asked doubt- 
fully. 

"Why no, that will hardly come to 
Lou's waist and she wanted one of 
those long mannish ones." 

And so the silver lustre tea set was 
temporarily eclipsed by the white 
wool sweater. But it was only tem- 
porarily for that set had grown with 
age, distance and prospective posses- 
sion, from a handsome family relic to 
a mysteriously wonderful treasure, 
comparable to the rainbow's pot of 
gold or Aladdin's priceless lamp. 
Cyrus Carter had inherited it along 
with other heirlooms from Ins mother. 
and, having no children, it had been 
his wish that all the pictures and 
furniture and china should go back to 
the old family house in Brookside. 

His cousins had really been fond of 
the old man with his quaint old- 
fashioned piety and his loyal devotion 
to the family. Jerusha was accepted 
and coolly loved for Cyrus's sake mid 
because of their mutual happiness. 1* 
had been the regular program when 



the Silver Lustre Set 



2:y 



they went to sec him at Hilton to 
kiss him at the beginning of the call, 
to discuss the family's health... relig- 
ious convictions and temporal pros- 
perity, then to pass to the hopes and 
dreams for the next world. When 
the family had, been disposed of. 
Cyrus, from his sick bed, would direct 
the patient Jerusha to "show the 
darlings the beautiful old things 
that were soon to go back .to Brook- 
side." So when in the course of 
years Cyrus Carter had joyfully 
'"passed on" and been gathered to 
his fathers, the family that was left 
awaited with considerable interest and 
speculation to learn what proportion 
of the things they' should inherit and 
whether Jerusha's patience and gen- 
tleness would outlive her patient and 
gentle husband. 

It was now a week after the funeral 
and Jerusha had written an affec- 
tionate and diffuse postal card asking 
"dear Susannah, Adeline and Henri- 
etta" to come down and see about 
the old Carter things, but as usual 
the business of the family was put 
onto Mrs. Borden's strong shoulders. 

The fact that responsibility had 
been shifted did not lessen in any way 
the interest of the other two sisters 
and as they left the house, just before 
tea time, Mrs. Carlton turned back 
to Mrs. Borden, standing in the 
stately old-fashioned front proch. 

"If you are coming back on the 
5.37 train Sue, Henrietta and I will 
come over to tea with you and we'll 
hear how you found Jerusha. Good- 
night, and don't forget to give our 
love to her." 

True to their promise, the sisters 
left their respective families the next 
evening to spend the night and to 
talk over the division of the "things" 
of- which Sue was sure to have at 
least a list. 

"Adeline, now be sure not to say a 
word to Susannah about that tea set 
till she speaks of it. She knows how 
1 feel about it and I shall never men- 
tion it to her again." 

"Nor I, Hetty. Do you suppose 



Jerusha will have all the things packed 
when Sue gets there? Cyrus was so 
particular about having them come 
back at once, and Jerusha always 
seemed so willing. She told me with 
tears in her eyes the last time I was 
there that after Cyrus went she 
wanted everything to come back here. 
But I would like to know just what 
he had of the Carter things — the 
clock and the table and chairs I've 
seen, but that's all/' 

"And the lustre tea set must have 
been at the Museum for years, so 
that will surely be safe. Very likely 
Susannah will bring it home with her 
tonight." 

"it does seem kind of heartless to 
talk about the thing this way but 
Cyrus loved to feel he was going to 
benefit us after he was gone and so 
we have gotten into the way of it I 
suppose." 

"Dear old man! You don't know 
how I" miss him. With him passes 
the last of that old-fashioned pious 
generation we used to know as chil- 
dren. There's the door opening. I 
didn't realize Sue would be here so 
soon." 

Just then the door opened and in 
came Mrs. Borden. 

"Why Sue! How was it?" 

"Don't speak to me, girls," she 
said. "Wait a minute till I've had 
time to count or think or something." 

Very slowly she drew off her gloves, 
unfastened her cloak and took off her 
bonnet. Very slowly she sat down in 
a chair by her desk and began to write. 

Mrs. Foster and Mrs. Carlton ex- 
changed glances but did not speak — 
the silence was too impressive and 
expressive. 

Suddenly Mrs. Borden raised her 
head. "Well, I saw Jerusha," she 
said. 

"Did you see — " 

"No, I didn't see anything but 
Jerusha. Girls, I hope 1 shall be 
given patience to love her. We must 
love her in spite of nil. But I don't 
believe Cousin Cyras made a will," 
and Mrs. Borden shook her head 



238 



The Granite Monthly 



"Well, what difference does that 
make? Jerusha knew Cyrus's wishes 
and agreed to them and 'tisn't likely 
that she'll go against them — unless — " 
and a shadow of doubt crossed Mrs. 
Carlton's smooth forehead, ''unless 
they've nothing left to send back." 

4i Oh, I guess there's plenty to send 
back, but — well, I must say that 
Jerusha has disappointed me, although 
that should make no difference in 
our love for her. Girls, we must 
love her for our own sakes," and Mrs. 
Borden came from her desk to the 
low rocker before the fire. The two 
sisters exchanged glances. 

"'Do you mean to tell me that 
Jerusha is going to . keep the clock 
and the table and the chairs and the 
portraits and wine glasses and, and — " 

"And the lustre tea set is broken 
all but two pieces, she says," fin- 
ished Mrs. Borden quietly, rocking 
slowly back and forth and gazing 
into the fire. 

"Broken!" cried her sisters. "Bro- 
ken! But Cyrus always said it was 
in the Museum at Portland," fin- 
ished Mrs. Carlton. 

"Well, Addie, all I know is what 
Jerusha told me. She said Cyrus 
gave two pieces, a teapot and a cup 
and saucer, to her sisters years ago 
and that she had used the rest every 
day and somehow it had broken all 
to bits." 

"You needn't tell me Jerusha and 
her husband were so innocent as not 
to know the value of that set. And 
you say she isn't going to send back 
any of the things at all?" 

Mrs. Borden shook her head. "I 
don't know. She was very indefinite 
and, and — " another significant shake 
finished the sentence. 

"Well," Mrs. Foster came out of 
her calm with a bounce, "she's just 
a common, ordinary thief — that's all. 
She has no moral right to those 
things whatever and if / ever see her 
I shall tell her so." 

"Now, Hetty, don't dear. That's 
not right; Jerusha may not realize." 

"Well, perhaps Susannah Borden, 



if you would just tell us what that 
woman said we could talk it over 
more intelligently, to say the least," 
interrupted Mrs. Carlton with forced 
and aggravated distinctness. 

"Well, I will. When I got to the 
station Jerusha met me with the old 
buggy and horse and a big crepe veil 
and a black-bordered handkerchief. 
She apologized for the old buggy 
because she said the traveling was so 
bad in the spring now. She cried — " 

"Crocodile!" ejaculated Mrs. Fos- 
ter, through shut teeth, her arms 
folded tight across her breast and her 
feet leaving the floor at each violent 
rock of her chair. 

"Now I don't think that, Hetty. 
She did love Cyrus you know. Any 
way she cried pretty much all the 
way home. I remember thinking"— 
Mrs. Borden smiled a little — "it 
was a great pity she couldn't cry on 
the wheels and wash a little of the 
mud off. But anyway I couldn't get 
her to talk about the things much. 
She wanted to tell me about Cy's 
death and how he named us all by 
name." 

"For gracious sake, Sue," cried 
Mrs. Carlton, picking up the tongs 
and poking the fire belligerently, 
"what did she say about the things? 
1 Cyrus is dead as he ever will be, ' I 
suppose, to quote old Mr. Hopkins." 

"I am coming to it, Addie. Then 
she said how Cy wanted all the old 
Carter things to come back here to 
Brookside, but that she was to keep 
them as long as she wanted them and 
she couldn't let them come yet. She 
hinted, at least I gathered that she 
might send them back later." 

A sniff came from Mrs. Foster, 
whose handsome good-natured face 
wore a consciously sardonic sneer. 

"Now girls, we should be just sorry 
for her instead of angry. Anger 
should find no place in our hearts. 
Finally, I asked her about the lustre 
tea set and told her that it really 
hadn't belonged to Cyrus at all be- 
cause Grandma gave it to me before 
she died — for my name you know.' 



The Silver Lustre Set 



239 



Mrs. Borden glanced uncertainly at 
her sisters but their expressionless 
eyes were watching the flare of the 
crackling fire and Mrs. Borden hur- 
ried on. "Well, Jerusha seemed sur- 
prised and said it was too bad, but 
that was all. Then I said we might 
drive right down to the trolleys and 
go into Portland and get it from the 
Museum where Cyrus always kept it. 
You know, Adeline, the last time we 
saw him he said it had been there for 
years. I even offered to pay Jeru- 
sha 's car fare so she could not have 
any excuse. She hemmed and hawed 
a little and began to cry about ' poor 
dear Cy' and then she told me the 
set was all broken Up. I was angry 
and told her I didn't believe it but 
she said Cyrus was so sentimental that 
he hated to use his mother's china, 
so they had used that lustre tea set 
and it was all broken but the two 
pieces he had given vears ago to her 
sisters." 

Mrs. Foster turned in her chair to 
face her sisters. 

"Do }<-ou believe Cyrus and Jerusha 
were such fools, Susannah Borden, as 
to use that china every day and break 
it all up? Both of those old hypo- 
crites knew the value of it well enough 
and I believe she has it." Mrs. Fos- 
ter nodded vehemently. 

"I don't know, *Hetty. Cyrus 
thought it was all safe, I know, for 
whatever he was I do believe he was 
honest and loved us, but Jerusha," 
she shook her head, "I'm afraid she 
was over-tempted. For when I left 
the house I went into Portland myself 
and went to the Museum to ask about 
it. They said the lustre set (the best 
one they ever had lent them, by the 
way) had been there for several years 
but that two years ago last October 
Mrs. Carter had taken it out." 

"Why" — began Mrs. Foster and 
stopped. Mrs. Borden nodded. 

"But we never suspected, you 
know, that she would have sold any 
of the Carter things. She might at 



least have offered them to us first. I 
would have given her more than 
most people." 

"Do you suppose she sold that set 
to pay the fine of that miserable 
drunken brother of hers?" cried Mrs. 
Carlton. 

"Poor Jerusha! We all wondered 
where she and Cy got the money to do 
that. There are some lovable things 
about her, Addie." 

"I'm glad you see them, Sue." 

" Then I suppose she is going to keep 
all the other things. I don't care 
much — I shouldn't have had the 
lustre set anyway, but I do hate to 
lose faith in human nature this way." 

Mrs. Foster got the cards and table. 
"I'm going to play a game of soli- 
taire and go to bed." 

"You can sit up and play all night, 
Hetty, if you like. I'm going to bed 
now. Come on Sue." 

But Mrs. Borden was watching the 
game. "I've got to write a letter to 
go on the first mail tomorrow. There, 
Hetty, put your Jack on your Queen. 
You've done it. Go on up with 
Addie and I'll be up in a few minutes." 

Mrs. Borden, rocking slowly and 
thoughtfully, sat watching the fire a 
few minutes after the sisters had gone 
upstairs, then she sighed and her eyes 
fell on the little cupboard by the 
chimney — the little old cupboard 
where the lustre tea set used to repose 
in state on the clean white shelves. 
She rose and opened the door and 
looked in. 

"All broken — I can't believe it," 
she said and a big lump came into her 
throat. Then she went to her desk 
to write her letter: 

"Dear Mr. Thomson: 

You need not "send a man over to 
put glass in the door of the chimney 
cupboard we looked at a week ago. 
I have decided to let the wooden 
panels remain. 

Yours truly, 
Susannah Borden." 



Mo 

THE OLD CANNON ON GARRISON HILL 

By Elizabeth P. Tapky. 



There have been many interesting 
articles in this magazine about Dover 
and many of its old buildings and its 
historic events have been described; 
but there is one Dover landmark 
which no one has mentioned. I sup- 
pose it is not old enough to fascinate 
the antiquarian. Yet it has a life 
history of a hundred years; with 
half of that time, and a little more, 
passed in Dover; and the great event 
of that life has been a tragedy. 

I have called it a landmark; but 
it is hardly that. It is just the old 
cannon that lies on the top of Garrison 
Hill. 

Was there ever such a queer place 
for a cannon to lie, rusting its life 
out, as this — away up on the top of 
a high hill, on the very outskirts of 
the city, a hill thickly wooded and 
seldom visited by anyone? 

You can but ask why anyone should 
have wished to put a cannon in this 
spot ; or, having wished to do so, how 
in the world they dragged it up there, 
for the hill is very steep in places. 
How and why it came there is the 
story that I tell. 

This is a particularly good time to 
revive the story: for this summer 
people will be visiting Garrison Hill 
more than they have done for several 
years, as there is now being built on 
the hill a fine new steel observatory, 
the gift to the city of the late Mr;^. 
Joseph Sawyer; and Garrison Hill 
will probably become, again, as it 
used to be in the days of the old 
observatory, a popular place for 
excursions and picnics. There is a 
beautiful view from this observatory. 
On a clear day the hills of Strafford 
and Nottingham are beautiful, and 
the far sighted can distinguish Mi. 
Chocorua and Mt. Washington, while, 
in the opposite direction, can be seen 
the ocean and the Isles of Shoals. 

It is a lovely spot; and, as people 



climb up the hill to the new observa- 
tory, they will wind along the old 
road, and will pass the cannon by the 
roadside, and they will remember its 
story of tragedy, or perchance, being 
new comers in Dover, they will 
wonder what the story is, and ask to 
have it told. 

This is the story: 

It began — as far, at least, as Dover 
is concerned — with a presidential 
election. When Buchanan was elec- 
ted president, in 1856, the victorious 
Democrats planned to celebrate their 
great victory in a glorious manner. 
They planned a parade, fireworks 
and an oration in the City Hall; 
but even this was not enough — ■ 
they needed a cannon which would fire 
a salute of one hundred guns. So a 
subscription paper was successfully 
circulated, and a committee set out 
for the Portsmouth Navy Yard to 
buy the desired gun. And the gun 
on Garrison Hill is the one they 
bought. 

Arrived at the Navy Yard, the 
committee found two old guns for 
sale, just alike they looked, mounted 
on heavy gun carriages. They were 
British guns, captured in the War of 
1812 by some American privateer 
vessel, and brought as spoils of war 
to the Navy Yard. Here they had 
lain idle all these intervening years. 
The committee bought one of them, 
and it would be interesting could we 
know what became of the other and 
what its after history has been; but 
in those days no record of gun sales 
was kept at the Navy Yard. 

This gun of ours is marked, on one 
hub, "24 P 7 " or what they call a 
24 pounder; and on the other hub, 
"82481, Capron, 1814;" which means, 
so they say, that it was made in the 
year 1811, at the Capron iron works 
in England. It was undoubtedly 
a gun being brought over here for 



The GUI Canon on Garrison Hill 



241 



use in the coast defence, for it is 
larger and heavier than was used on 
hoard ship at that time, and it was 
mounted on a great carriage, as guns 
were mounted for land use. 

So [the committee bought it with 
joy, and Mr. Joseph Young brought 
it up the Cocheco River on his gun- 
daloic to the wharf on the Dover 
landing. It was destined for the top 
of Garrison Hill; but how to get it 
there puzzled even the enthusiastic 
Democrats. Mr. Jeif Kenney under- 
took its transportation, and accepted 
a wager that he could— with three 
yoke of oxen — drag the gun' up the 
very steepest part of the hill. He 
won his wager, and as a prize therefor, 
a fourth yoke of oxen. . 

So the gun was established on the 
hill, but not in the same spot as now. 
Now it lies on the southerly side, 
pointing towards the City Hall itself; 
then it was placed towards the west- 
ern side, pointing down towards the 
home of the late Joseph Sawyer. 

It was' ready for the salute of a 
hundred guns; and everywhere in 
the city was bustle and excitement 
and anticipation. It was a Demo- 
cratic celebration; but the Repub- 
licans were eager to look on, and all 
the world loved a good torchlight 
parade. 

But instead of joy, came sorrow, and 
the celebration was turned to mourn- 
ing, for the gun had misbehaved, and 
had killed two of the gunners, George 
Clark and John Foss. 

I quote at length from the Dover 
Gazette of that week. It says: 

"It is our sad duty to record a 
most melancholy accident in con- 
nection with our celebration on Wed- 
nesday evening, in honor of the tri- 
umphant election of James Buchanan 
to the highest office in the gift of 
the American people. Every prepa- 
ration had been made for a grand 
demonstration on an extensive scale. 
Torches were procured, with a plenti- 
ful supply of Roman candles, and, in 
fact, all the paraphernalia of a bril- 
liant celebration. The old iron 24 



pounder, which eventually proved to 
be a mischievous bull-dog, had been 
duly christened the Constitution, 
with the usual honors, and was posted 
on Garrison Hill, where any quantity 
of pitch pine wood had been carted, 
with numerous loads of tar barrels 
intended for a bonfire, after the style 
of old John Adams.- Colonel George 
of Concord had been engaged to 
speak in the City Hall at the close of 
the ceremonies. At 6.12 o'clock, the 
Buchanan guards, turned out from 
City Hall. _ headed by Rothwell's 
brass band, playing 'Hail Columbia.' 
At the first stroke of the factory bell 
(7 o'clock), the big gun was discharged, 
making a loud and booming report. 
The party who had charge of the 
piece had express orders to fire in not 
less than four minutes, and the cart- 
ridges to be two minutes walk from 
the gun, which contained eight or 
ten pounds of powder. The com- 
mittee had provided everything asked 
for by the gunners, and, up to the 
moment they left the gun, they were 
cautioned to be prudent and follow 
instructions to the very letter. From 
the most reliable information it ap- 
pears that, immediately after the 
first discharge, without swabbing, the 
second cartridge was being rammed 
home, when the man thumbing the 
vent with a bare finger, finding it too 
hot to bear, took it off, and a pre- 
mature discharge took place, blowing 
Foss and Clark down the hill a few 
rods." 

Here follows an account of their 
injuries and death and the Gazette 
continues: 

' 4 It was not generally known in the 
procession that any accident had 
transpired until we arrived at Charles 
Wig-gin's house, when the painful 
intelligence flashed through the line, 
throwing a sad gloom over everyone. 
How could we celebrate? The pro- 
cession moved with slow pace through 
the prescribed route, with silent tears 
coursing down the cheeks of many. 
We broke up on Third Street; speak- 
ing was postponed in City Hall; the 



242 



The Granite Monthly 



guards 



marched to their 



stacked their guns: the 



Buchanan 

armory an< 

splendid supper at the American 

House was untouched, and at 11 

o'clock our streets were deserted." 

The much prized gun had brought 
only sorrow and disaster. 

For years no one wished to touch 
it, and men looked at it with horror. 

But as time went on people wished 
to hear it speak once more, and so 
on July 4, 1876, it was fired once more. 
This time it harmed no one, but it is 
a dangerous plaything at best, for 
it proved to be what is known as "a 
Kicker." 

At this time Mr. John Goodwin — 
an expert gunner — had charge of the 
firing, and he altered the position 
of the gun somewhat. In '56, it 
had been not quite at the top of the 
hill, but now in 1876 it was hauled 
to the very top and fired once. Here, 
with no slope of the hill behind to 
hold it, it kicked back almost to its 
old position. It had been made to 



rest on a heavy iron carriage, and 
"without that or some other restraint 
equally strong, it would kick dan- 
gerously. So now the men dragged 
it just over the brow of the hill and 
down a little on the other side to the 
spot where it now lies. The land 
now rises high and firm behind, so 
that it could not kick without first 
knocking off the whole top of the 
hill. Here Mr. Goodwin fired it for 
a second discharge on that same 
Fourth of July. This was a success- 
ful firing, and it has been its last. 
No one has ever wished to try 
again. 

And there on the hill the gun lies 
in all its solitude. The young trees 
have grown large and strong all 
around it, and the grasses have grown 
up and choked its mouth. As chil- 
dren we used to visit Garrison Hill 
for an annual picnic, and we would 
play about the cannon and seat our- 
selves fearlessly on it, and never tire 
of listening to its story. 



A SUMMER SIICWER 

By Amy J. Dolloff 

The rain coraeth down with a musical sound 
To water the famishing earth, 
With its pitter and patter, its clitter and clatter, 
And its ne'er-ceasing ripple of mirth. 

The birds warble sweetly; they are happy completely; 
Each flower lifts higher its head, 
As if with new brightness and fresh airy lightness, 
For thanks 'twould a new fragrance shed. 

How the old earth rejoices! With myriad voices 
All nature repeats the glad strain 
Of thanksgiving and praise in the loftiest lays 
For the blessings that come from the rain. 



New Hampton, X. H. 



"OLD HOME" -^ 3 

By Emily Oicen Powers* 

Swift is the silent message that speeds on its earnest quest. 
Away o'er the sea to the eastward and over the hills to the west; 
Northward and south hie its heralds, thro' the boundless ether of thought. 

Till each kindred soul, in tune with the whole, 
Hears the call, with its mother-love fraught. 

% 
Piercing the -heart of the mountain, whose pulse is the miner's drill; 
Sweeping the prairie's circuit, heard o'er the hum of the mill; 
Staying the sculptor's chisel, poising the author's pen;' 

And time and space are forgotten apace 
As we hear the fond 

"Come to me, wayfaring children! I stand at the Old Home door, 
And I longingly look and listen for the trooping throng once more; 
The children who stay are my comfort, yet I yearn for the children who roam; 

Come back to me now, with each fresh laurel bough, 
To heap up the Harvest—home." 

All the air is electric and vibrant with the answering, sentient thrill; 
"We are corning!'' echoes the woodland; "Coming," re-echoes the hill. 
Did you fancy the wild bee's droning was a meaningless, aimless hum? 

; Twas the best he could do to interpret to you 
Our message, "We come! we come!" 

In the matin song of the redbreast, we challenge the world to share 
Our joy; and the babbling brooklets are telling it everywhere. 
Xo minor music can voice it, the gladness with which we come! 

The pattering rain tried again and again, 
Wept out its despair, and was dumb. 

The clematis clambers higher to its lookout among the trees, 

And our signal flashed by the fireweed. it forwards upon the breeze, 

The golden rod lures with its treasure, a bribe not the best of us spurns, 

While an escort of state, in uniform wait, 
In the standing army of ferns. 

The bobolink's rapturous greeting effervesces in bubbling zest, 

As he soars to his carol's climax, then slides down the song to his nest. 

Our day sings its gamut with Xature, then sinks on her comforting breast, 

When the wild-wood thrush at the twilight hush 
Chants his muezzin call to rest. 

This po<mi was written for the occasion by the late Mrs. Powers, wife of Hon. Wilbur H. 
Towers of Cambridge, Mass., a native of the town, and read by her at the celebration of the 
150th anniversary of the granting of the charter of the town of Hanover, July 2, 1911, which 
was also observed as "Old Home Day.' 7 In sentiment and rythm it has never been surpassed 
*>y any production of the kind. 



244 The Granite Monthly 

We bring thee allegiance, our Mother! enthroned on thy granite seat! 

Thou art crowned with a mountain tiara, while the sea lieth low at thy feet. 

On thy bosom fair Winnepesaukee— a pearl set in emerald green, 

And the soft flowing folds of the woodlands and wolds 
Are the velvety robe of our Queen. 

We bring thee the filial tribute of thanks for the stern caress 

That strengthened the sinews of being and made for the soul's success; 

For the early lessons in living, transmuted to lives of worth; 

For the strength from thy hills and the granite wills 
That bend to no despot on earth. * 

We bring back the old-time legends, the songs and the stories quaint, 
A page in our past made sacred, writ large by some household saint; 
And the sunbonnet rapture of childhood, hand in hand with shv barefooted 
bliss, 
Keeping step to the tune of perpetual June 
And accenting each joy with a kiss. 

We fill the old school on the hillside with the friends and the scenes of our 

youth, 
And we work out our life problems backward, till we reach the old premise of 

Truth, 
Integrity, loyalty, honor, we learned with the Rule of Three, 
And they lead us back by a triple track 
From the heights they have won us — to thee. 

We render our reverent tribute to the brave pioneers of our town, 

And to those whose immortal achievements have raised to the ranks of renown. 

On our roll call to arms for the battles of peace and of war is the name 

Of each hero of old, which we blazon in gold 
On the walls of our own Hall of Fame. 

We exult with the proud Alma Mater whose sons are the honored of earth; 
Her name unites Old with New England, her fame crowns the place of her 

birth. 
The priests of her temple of learning draw their fire from the altars of Truth 

And send down the world, with banners unfurled, 
An acolyte army of youth. 

Bend over us, skies of New Hampshire! Thy smile is the mother's caress; 
And whisper, O breath of the pine trees! Her parting our pathway to bless; 
Guard; tenderly, green waving willow, the dust of our precious dead, 

Thrice hallowed on earth is the place of our birth, 
Our Old Home and their last lowlv bed. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. ALBERT S. BATCHELLOR 

Albert Stilhnan Batchellor, born in Bethle- 
hem April 22, 1850, died in Littleton June 15, 
1913. 

Mr. Batchellor was the son of Stilhnan 
and Mary Jane (Smith) Batchellor, and was 
educated at Tilton Seminary and Dart- 
mouth College, graduating i'rom the former 
in 1S6S and the latter in 1872. Upon the 
completion of his college course he entered 
upon the study of law m the office of Hon. 
Harry Bingham at Littleton, was admitted to 
the bar m 1875, and soon after became a 
member of the firm ot Bingham, Mitchell & 
Batchellor, the late Hon. John M. Mitchell 
having previously been admitted in partner- 
ship by Air. Bingham. This firm, to which 
the late Hon. William H. Mitchell was also 
admitted not long after, held high rank in 
northern New Hampshire, and throughout 
the State, and commanded an extensive 
practice, in winch Mr. Batchellor performed 
his full share of service. After the death of 
Mr. Bingham, John M. Mitchell having 
previously removed to Concord, he continued 
in partnership with William H. Mitchell, 
until, recently, loss of sight and failing health 
precluded turtner professional service. 

Mr. Batchellor was for a long time promi- 
nent in the political life of the State, taking 
his first active interest therein in 1872, when, 
though reared a Republican, he joined the 
Greeley movement and became allied with the 
Democratic party, with which he continued 
for many years but subsequently returned to 
the Republican ranks. In 1875 he was assist- 
ant clerk of the State senate, was chosen a 
representative from Littleton by the Demo- 
crats in 1877, and reelected in 1878 and 1S79, 
taking a prominent part in the work of each 
session, in 1880 he was elected solicitor of 
Grafton County, and in 1S87 and 1888 repre- 
sented the fifth district in the executive 
council. He had also served as a trustee of 
the State Library and a member of the public 
printing commission. 

In 1890 he was appointed by the Governor 
and Council editor and compiler of the early 
province and State papers, which position he 
held until the time of his death, and in which 
he had rendered conspicuous service, his 
taste for historical research admirably quali- 
fying him for that line oi work. 

He had received the degree of Master of 
Arts from Dartmouth in 1875, and three 
years ago was honored by his alma mater 
with the degree of Litt. D., in recognition of his 
work as a historian. He was a member of the 
New Hampshire and American Bar Associa- 
tions, the American Historical Society, the 
New Hamsphire Historical Society, and the 
New Hampshire Society of the Sons of the 



American Revolution. In Masonry he was 
a member of St. Gerard Commandery, K. T., 
of Littleton and of the New Hampshire Con- 
sistory, 32, A. A. S. Rite. 

August 5, 1880, at Weaver, Minn., he was 
united in marriage with Harriet A. Copeland, 
who died a few years since, leaving three 
children, by whom he is survived — Bertha C, 
Fred C. and Stillman. 

HON. JOHN A. SPALDING 

John Augustine Spalding, born in Wilton 
May 2, 183/ , died at his home in Nashua May 
21, '1913. 

Mr. Spalding was the son of Moses and 
Anna H. (Kimball) Spalding, and was of 
the eighth generation from that Edward 
Spalden who came from Lincolnshire, Eng- 
land, and settled in Braintree, Mass., in 1630 
or lbol. He was educated in the Wilton 
schools and at Crosbys Literary Institute 
in .Nashua. 

After finishing his studies, he engaged in 
the clothing business, at first as a clerk for 
his brother, \\ illiam R., in Lawrence and 
later tor himself in Nashua, continuing until 
his election as cashier ot the First National 
Bank of Nashua, which position he held for 
thirty-two years, when he resigned and be- 
came vice-president, continuing till the con- 
solidation of the bank with the Second Na- 
tional. Meanwhile he had been an extensive 
operator in real estate, and was active in the 
organization of two insurance companies, at 
the time of the withdrawal of foreign com- 
panies from the State. 

He was active and prominent in Republi- 
can politics, serving in both branches of the 
Legislature and in the executive council. He 
was mayor of Nashua in 1885; chairman of 
the Nasnua. police commission from 1S92 to 
1895; chairman of the Republican State Com- 
mittee in 189(3, and a delegate to the Na- 
tional Republican Convention of that year. 
In 1898 he was appointed by President Mc- 
Kinley postmaster of Nashua, which office he 
held up to the time of his death. He was also 
a presidential elector on the Garfield and 
Arthur ticket in 1880. 

In religion Mr, Spalding was a Congrega- 
tionalism and was active in the affairs of the 
First Congregational Church of Nashua, and 
chairman of the committee which had in 
charge the erection of its elegant new house 
of worship. He was prominent in both the 
Masonic and Odd Fellows organizations. He 
married October 15, 1859, Josephine East- 
man of Rumney, who dieel in 1877, leaving 
one son — Col. William E., who survives. In 
November, 1878, he married Miss Anna 
Leaned of Fall River, Mass., who also sur- 
vives. 



*& 



246 



" 



K 



Thc Granite Monthly 



JULDSN C. EDGJERLY 

Julien C. Edgerly, a well-known news- 
paper man of Boston, died at the home of his 
wife's parents in Westville, X. H., June 2, 
1913. 

Mr. Edgerly was the son of the late Andrew 
J. Edgerly, at one time adjutant general of 
the State, born at North Haverhill, April 22, 
1SG5. He graduated from Tufts College in 
1887, and, the next year, joined the staff of the 
Boston (Jlobc, serving three years, as reporter 
and news editor. Subsequently he was en- 
gaged in different capacities on various Bos- 
ton and New York papers. He was for several 
years a reporter on the New York Journal, 
and when the Boston American was established 
in 1904, he was head of its copy desk. He was 
also, for a time night editor of the Boston 
Herald. Of late he had been connected with 
a Boston advertising agency, but had been 
unable to work for the last few months previ- 
ous to his decease. 

He was twice married, his first wife, whom 
he married in 1891, was Miss Clara F. Power, 
head of the department of Delsarte in the 
Boston School of Oratory. She died in a few 
years, and in 1900 he married Mrs. Eleanor 
Joslin Geisinger, who survives him, with 
three young children. 



CAPT.. LYMAN JACKMAX 

Capt. Lyman Jackman, a prominent Civil 
War veteran, long a leading citizen of Con- 
cord, died at his home in that citv, June 23, 
1913. 

He was born in Woodstock, August 15, 
1S37, the son of Royal and Lucretia Jackman, 
being the eleventh in a family of twelve 
children. Pie was engaged in farming and 
lumbering till the outbreak of the Civil War, 
when he enlisted in Company B, Sixth Xew 
Hampshire Volunteers, at Haverhill, Septem- 



ber 1, 1861,, He was mustered into service 
as first sergeant, and in May following was 
promoted to second lieutenant. He was 
wounded at the. second battle of Bull Run, 
and sent to the hospital at Washington. Re- 
turning to service in 1863, he was detailed 
on the staff of the brigade commander with 
the rank of first lieutenant, serving through 
the Kentucky and Mississippi campaigns. 
He, later, served as inspector general in 
Kentucky, but in 1864 joined his regiment, 
and was in command of Company B at the 
Wilderness, Spottsylvania and succeeding 
sharp conflicts. Later he was promoted to 
captain of Company C, and while in such 
command was captured with most of the 
brigade, and confined inLibby Prison, suffering 
severely in health from the hardships of such 
confinement. He was finally paroled, and was 
mustered out of service July 17, 1S65. 

For a time- after the war he was variously 
employed, but located in Concord and took 
up life insurance in 1S6S, soon adding fire 
insurance and developing a prosperous busi- 
ness. 

When, in 1SS5, the foreign insurance com- 
panies withdrew from the State, upon the 
enactment of the valued policy law, which, 
as a member of the insurance committee in 
the State Legislature, he had opposed, he was 
instrumental in the organization of four com- 
panies to meet the emergency — the Capital, 
the Underwriters, the Manufacturers and 
Merchants Mutual, and the Phenix Mutual — 
all of which he successfully established and 
ultimately commanded an immense volume 
of business. 

Captain Jackman, was a Republican in 
politics, a Baptist in religion, a Mason, an 
Odd Fellow, a member of E. E. Sturtevant 
Post. G. A. R., and the Loyal Legion. He 
married December 25, 1S6G, Sarah T. Tilton 
who died August S, 1903. He is survived by 
two sons, Charles L. and Freeman T., of Con- 
cord. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



During the week of July 15, two Xew 
Hampshire towns, in the same section of the 
state, celebrated their 150th anniversaries — • 
Warren and Plymouth— the one near the head- 
waters of the Baker's river, and the other at 
its j unction with the Pemigewasset. Histor- 
ical pageants, now much in vogue, were lead- 
ing features in the celebration programme. 



"Old Home Week" in Xew Hampshire, now 
formally recognized by law, opens on Satur- 



day. August 16, the third Saturday in August 
being definitely fixed as the opening day. 
Many towns are preparing to observe some one 
day during the week as "Old Home Day." I r - 
is to be regretted that any town should fail to 
do so. 



It is the purpose of the publisher to issue 
the Granite Monthly for August and .Sep- 
tember in a double number about the middle 
of the litter month, an article on "Matters 
and Men of Acworth" being included therein. 



ACVv RTH ILLUSTRATED 



L. XI..V. No?. 8&nd9 AUGUST-SEPTEMBER, 1013 Nev Series, Vol, VIII, Noj. S and 5 



i I I L~4 



^fT |gr" i m y w /^ir^ ]7™^ 



®t jja. ^'ifiSj JL ™ 




A New Hampshire Magazine 

,.y. i 

voted to History, Biography; " £rature and State Progress 



$k CONTENTS FOR AU» -SEPTEMBER pT 

£c&) Hon. Warren F. DanieU With fronts . . , .24 7 (&) 

j&gk By Harlan a Pearson Illustrated : $£$. 

WW Acworth Matters and Men . i . . . .253 kg^ 

•gg By H. H. Metcalf Illustrated \..„ .- ■ . gSf 



6 



t&sj The Back River District* Dover, N. K. . . . . 299 hf*s* - 

r^ By John Scales, A.M. Illustrated K^fS \ 

>* r ^ At Twilight in the Northland . . .- . . « 306 fft^ 

WW By Lena E. B'isa Illustrated ($PJ 

res) New Hampshire Necrology ....... 309 (%>J 

■©8 Editor and Publisher's Notes . . . . ' . .310 fe@* 



^14 Poems 4& 

(*C^ E£ By Mary Alice Dwyre, Goorgiaoa Rogers, Gyrus A. Sione,* Moeea Gag- Shirley, (jpj 
*i£-k-<- Josephine F. Wilson, LeEoy Smart, Charles N* s era li faac - fe^S* 

ssued by The Granite Monthly Company j| 

HENRY H. METCALP, Editor and Manager 



RMS: $1.00 per annum, in advice; $K50 if aot paid In ^dv^nce. Single copies, 15 cents 

CONCORD, -N. H., 1913 

1> rc;.:d at the postbffic* " J Concord -•»*■ "^ond-cii." ran si trntt^r. 



S 



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HON. WARREN F. DANIELL 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XXV, No's. 8, 9 AUG.-SEPT., 1913 New Series, Vol. S, No's. 8, 9 



HON. WARREN F. DANIELL 

By Harlan C. Pearson 



The death, at his home in Franklin, 
% H., on July 29, 1913, of Hon. 
Warren Fisher Daniell elicited so 
widespread an expression of affection, 
admiration and appreciation as to 
indicate clearly the high position he 
held in the hearts and in the minds 
of the people of his own state and of 
many others. 

There is something almost wonder- 
ful and certainly very creditable in 
the way Mr. Daniell gained and 
retained such popularity through the 
long years during which he met so 
many people in so many different 
ways in his various capacities as leader 
of industry, manufacturing and agri- 
cultural, and leader of politics and 
public affairs. 

Mr. Daniell was a " self-made man" 
in the best sense of -that oft-used term. 
That is, he owed his eminent success 
in life to himself; to his own use of the 
good health, stout heart and sound 
mind which God and his ancestors 
gave him; to long application of early 
formed habits of intelligent industry 
and thoughtful observation; to the 
consistent maintenance of the same 
high standard of honor in private, 
public and business life. He did not 
rise, and would not, by wronging, 
oppressing or defrauding his fellows. 
On the other hand he was ever ready 
with kind words, helpful deeds, wise 
counsel, all modestly hidden from the 
public view. 

But a brief and simple outline of 
Mr. Daniell's career will make more 
plain to the reader the excellence and 



distinction of the man than would 
pages of eulogy, however justifiable. 

Warren F. Daniell was born in 
Newton Lower Falls, Mass., June 26, 
1826, the son of Jeremiah F. and 
Sarah (Reed) Daniell. His father 
was a paper-maker by trade; a strong 
man, reared in the school of adversity, 
the mainstay from early boyhood of a 
widowed mother and orphaned broth- 
ers and sisters. 

When Warren was nine years of 
age his father, who had been engaged 
in the manufacture of paper at several 
places in Massachusetts, located at 
Franklin, taking charge of a small 
paper mill which had been established 
there, upon the wooded banks of the 
Winnipiseogee River, by Kendall G. 
and James L. Peabody. The Messrs. 
Peabody had not made a success of 
the business and in looking for an ex- 
pert paper-maker were directed to 
Mr. Daniell. 

He soon purchased the interest of 
J. L. Peabody in the mill and the 
firm of owners became Peabody & 
Daniell. Mr. Darnell's knowledge 
and enterprise were instrumental in 
equipping the mill with newmachinery, 
hauled for the purpose from South 
Windham, Conn., the journey requir- 
ing three weeks' time. One of the 
first Fourdriuier machines in this 
country was included in the improve- 
ments. 

Upon this little mill, it is only fair 
to say, the fortunes of the present 
city of Franklin, prosperous and 
promising, were founded. 



341 



248 



The Granite Monthly 



A historian says: "The machinery 
was scarcely in position when a fire 
destroyed the factory and its contents, 
leaving the owners, in the midst of 
the hard times of 1837, bankrupt in 
nearly everything but courage, repu- 
tation and a determination to succeed, 
which enabled them, after many 
struggles, to rebuild and proceed in 
a small way with their business. The 
erection of the cotton mills at Man- 
chester soon after gave them an 
opportunity to purchase large amounts 
of paper stock at low prices, and 
from that tune the}' were moderately 
prosperous." 

Meanwhile the youthful Warren, 
who had attended a few terms of 
school in .Massachusetts before the 
removal of the family to NeYv T Hamp- 
shire, was sent to Concord to get a 
little more book learning iii the inter- 
vals of earning his board and clothes 
by work upon a farm. But even this 
pursuit of knowledge under difficulties 
was soon .shut off and at the age of 
fourteen he closed his school books, 
as it turned out, forever. At one 
time he planned to enter the academy 
at Tilton, but an accident to his father 
prevented the carrying out of his dlan. 

So that the remainder of his youth 
was devoted to hard work; a fact, 
however, which did not embitter him 
with life, but on the contrary seemed 
to develop in him an optimism which 
continued one of his chief character- 
istics to the last. 

Mr. Daniell entered his father's 
paper mill at the age of fourteen 
years, as has been said, as an appren- 
tice, and he remained there until he 
was twenty-five, learning all there was 
then to know about the business. 
To which may be added that through- 
out his subsequent active career he 
was careful to keep always abreast of 
the times in the great developments 
of manufacture and industry, being 
in this as in other respects a leader 
and not a follower. 

In those days the highest wage he 
received as a journeyman was one 
dollar and twenty-five cents a day and 



it is another characteristic of the man 
that he made this amount suffice for 
his needs even when to his own sup- 
port was added that of his young wife 
and little child. As in his later years 
he showed that he well knew how to 
enjoy wealth and use it wisely, so in 
those younger days when fate was 
trying his metal he displayed prudence, 
self-denial and fortitude to an extraor- 
dinary degree. 

But to these qualities he added 
ambition, and in 1852 he left Franklin 
for Waterville, Maine, where, under 
contract, he erected and put in opera- 
tion a paper mill. Then he managed 
a similar mill at Pepperell, Mass., for 
a year. 

In 1854 his father bought his part- 
ner's interest in the mill at Franklin 
and asked Warren to come into the 
business, which he did, returning 
to Franklin as the junior member of 
the firm of J. F. Daniell & Son. This 
partnership continued and prospered 
for a decade until in 1864 the elder 
Daniell retired and the son became sole 
proprietor. 

He continued in that relation to 
the business until 1S70, building up 
both the mills themselves and their 
reputation for excellence of product 
until there were few other industries 
in the state so well and widely known. 

In 1870 Massachusetts capitalists 
• organized the Winnipiseogee Paper 
Company and bought the plant from 
Air. Daniell, who located in Boston, 
forming a connection with a leading 
paper house there. But he found 
himself longing for his New Hamp- 
shire home and soon returned there, 
buying a large interest in the. com- 
pany to which he had sold and be- 
coming its resident agent and manager; 
later, its president. 

In these positions he continued 
with uninterrupted success until the 
trend of the times in industry brought 
about the consolidation of the Winni- 
peseogee Paper Company with the 
International Paper Company as one 
of the latter's constituent plants, a 
relation which still exists. 



Hon. Warren F. Daniell 



249 



As a manufacturer Air. Daniell was 
scrupulous in his insistence upon the 
square deal in his relations with his 
employees and his customers, alike. 
And he had the absolute confidence of 
both these classes, not only on this 
account but also because he was 
recognized as master of the business 
in every one of its steps. 

Mr. Daniell' s life work was that < 
of a manufacturer, but he did not 
allow it to absorb all of his time and 



of all kinds, including as fine a herd 
of Jersey cattle as the state could 
show, swine, poultry, etc. On his 
farm as in his mill Air. Daniell sought 
the newest and best machinery, the 
latest ideas in crops and fertilizers, 
in order to get the best results. He 
belonged to and generously supported 
various state and count}' agricultural 
societies and throughout his life was 
one of the most familiar figures at 
our principal fairs. 



"^1 



i 






Residence of Warren F. Daniell — Front View 



attention. On the contrary it would 
be hard to find a man of equal promi- 
nence in business who had so man} r 
other lines in which he was interested 
and upon which he was an authority. 
A lover of county life, he always 
was interested in the prosperity of 
^ew Hampshire as an agricultural as 
well as a manufacturing state, and 
for many years he showed his interest 
by maintaining a model farm of large 
extent within the limits of the city 
of Kranklin. Here was blooded stock 



An ardent sportsman, it used to be 
said of him that the man who wished 
to buy a really good dog without 
being cheated in the process would 
have the best success if he got Warren 
Daniell to make the purchase for him. 

But it is in connection with another 
branch of sport and of farm life, the 
breeding and racing of horses, that- 
Air. Daniell's fame was the greatest 
and most widespread. At the Grand 
Circuit race meetings and at those 
with which the season annually cul- 



250 



The Granite Monthly 



minates at Lexington, Ivy., at the 
great New York sales and shows; 
at the principal stock farms of the 
country; there were few more 
regular attendants than Mr. Daniell 
and not one who surpassed him in 
the number of friends by whom he 
was recognized and honored. 

Forty years ago Mr. Daniell took 
a more active part in the fun and the 
old-timers delight to tell of seeing 
him drive Sorrel Dan, Bristol Bill, 
Belie Dean and others in races on 
various New England tracks. But 
while he derived a great deal of enjoy- 
ment from driving his own horses on 
track and road, it was as a breeder 
and owner that he was more widely 
known, especially during the last 
few decades of his life. 

In the skilful selection and com- 
bination of blood lines for the pro- 
duction of fast and game trotters 
and pacers he had few equals, and 
another gift which caused his fellow- 
horsemen to look upon him with 
admiration was his ability to go 
among the hundred yearlings at a 
large stock farm and pick out unpre- 
possessing youngsters that afterwards 
turned out to be turf stars. 

A mere catalogue of the fine 
horses Mr. Daniell owned during his 
lifetime would occupy several pages 
of this magazine, "so we will merely 
recall a few names which thrill every 
turf follower with vivid recollections; 
those of the little gray queen of the 
trotting tracks, Edith H., and her 
handsome daughter, Fanny Rice; 
Muchado and his son, Barnard; Ben 
Como and his son, Ben Como, Jr.; 
Birchleaf, Clayton and Franklin. 

Mr. Daniell's preferences were not 
for political life, but it was inevitable 
that a man of his prominence should 
be considered by his fellows in con- 
nection with public office, and that, 
being so considered, his disinclination 
should be overcome by the call of 
duty. 

Although a Democrat by party 
affiliation in the midst of a then 
strongly Republican region. Mr. Dan- 



iell was six times elected to the State 
House of Representatives, twice to 
the State Senate and once to the 
Congress of the United States, in all 
these bodies performing his appointed 
duties with diligence, discretion and 
an eye single to the public good. 
This was shown in his very first term 
in the State House of Representatives 
when he refused to join in the opposi- 
tion of his party to the million dollar 
defense bill. 

At this session, 1861, he served on 
the committee on education; in 18G2 
on military affairs; in 1S70 on roads, 
bridges and canals; in 1875 on nat- 
ional affairs; in 1876 on judiciary; and 
in 1877 on finance. 

Mr. Daniell was elected to the 
State Senate of 1873 from the old 
Eleventh District, receiving 3,419 
votes to 2,967 for Stephen Kenrick, 
and served on the committees on 
State institutions, banks, military 
affairs and elections, by appointment 
of the president, the late David A. 
Warde of Concord. He was reelected 
in 1S74 over the same opponent, 
receiving 3,630 votes to Mr. Kenrick's 
2,993. President William H. Gove 
of Weare named him on the com- 
mittees on incorporations, elections, 
towns, roads, bridges and canals, and 
as the senate member of the joint 
standing committee on State House 
and State House yard. 

In November/ 1890, Mr. Daniell 
was elected to the National House, 
receiving 21,-126 votes to 21,077 for 
Orren C. Moore of Nashua, and on 
March 4, 1911, took his seat as a 
member of the Fifty-second Congress 
of which Charles F. Crisp of Georgia 
was speaker. He appointed Mr. Dan- 
iell a member of the committee on 
naval affairs, of which Hilar)' A. 
Herbert of Alabama, afterwards secre- 
tary of the navy, was chairman, and 
of the committee on expenditures in 
the war department, of which Alex- 
ander D. Montgomery of Kentucky 
was chairman. 

Among other members of this 
House were William J. Bryan of 



Hon. Warren F. Danicll 



251 



Nebraska, William Bourke Cochran 
of New York. Jonathan P. Dolliver 
of Iowa, Tom L. .Johnson of Ohio, 
John Lincl of Minnesota, Benton 
McMillin of Tennessee, Sereno E. 
Payne of New York, Isidor Rayner 
of Maryland, Benjamin F. Shively 
of Indiana, William M. Springer of 
Illinois, Henry St. George Tucker of 
Virginia, Joseph Wheeler of Alabama 
and George Fred Williams of Massa- 
chusetts, all of whom have since 



been a delegate from New Hampshire 
to the National Democratic Con- 
vention. 

During the Civil War he was a 
sincere supporter of the Union cause 
and did much to assist in raising 
troops in New Hampshire and in 
caring for the soldiers and their 
families during and after the great 
conflict, 

Mr. Daniell was one of the founders 
and original trustees of the First 









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Warren F. Daniell Resi; 5 enct — South West View 



become famous in one way or another. 
The late Senator Dolliver was one of 
Air. Daniell 's associates on the naval 
affairs committee. 

Congressman Daniell was very 
popular in Washington and probably 
no new member ever made more 
friends during one term than did he. 
But as has been said politics was not 
among his favorite pursuits and after 
his return from the national capital he 
refused further opportunities for poli- 
tical preferment. In 1872 he had 



Unitarian Church in Franklin and a 
liberal contributor to its support. 
Other religious causes and those of 
benevolence, charity and public im- 
provement never called upon him in 
vain, while his private good deeds, of 
which few knew, were of even greater 
amount. 

Mr. Daniell was a director of the 
Franklin National Bank and a trustee 
of the Franklin Savings Bank. 

Naturally interested in the Grange 
because of his liking for agriculture, 



252 



The Granite Monthly 



Mr. Daniell belonged to the sub- 
ordinate Grange in Franklin and to 
the Merrimack County Pomona. 
Though not often able to attend the 
meetings he rendered material assist- 
ance in generous manner, whenever 
called upon, to promote the work of 
the order. He was also an Odd 
Fellow and the last charter member 
to survive of Merrimack Lodge, Xo. 
28, of Franklin. 

In Masonry Mr. Daniell was a 
member of Meridian Lodge and St. 
Omer Chapter, R. A. M., of Franklin, 
and of -Mount Horeb Commandery, 
Knights Templar, of Concord. Large 
delegations from these bodies-attended 
his funeral and performed the beauti- 
ful burial service of the order. 

Of quick sympathy, ready fellow- 
ship and most genial, entertaining and 
democratic companionship, Mr. Dan- 
iell always was a leading figure in the 
social life of Franklin and of many 
other cities where he was a frequent 
and popular visitor. The family resi- 
dence, which is one of the most 
delightfully located, spacious, com- 
fortable and homelike in the county, 
had been occupied by Mr. Daniell 
since 1SGG, when he purchased it from 
Mr. Closson who had bought it from 
the original owner and builder, the 
late Judge George. W. Nesmitli who 
built the house in 1843. Mr. Daniell 
extensively remodeled and improved it 
and made its surroundings very attrac- 
tive with fine shade trees, beautiful 
lawns and large gardens. 

An interesting feature of the resi- 
dence is the large and valuable col- 
lection of antique china and furniture 
which Mr. Daniell had made with 
expert discrimination and which he 
took great delight in showing to his 
friends. He attended auctions of 
household goods through a wide 
stretch of country, wherever ancient 
articles were likely to be sold, and 
rarely failed to find some worth- 
while addition to his collection. His 
" Colonial Room,' - ' furnished entirely 
with old colonial pieces and orna- 



ments, was one of the results of these 
pilgrimages. 

Air. Daniell married December 31, 
1850, Elizabeth D. Rundlett of Strat- 
ham who died in 1854. Former 
Mayor Harry W. Daniell of Franklin, 
born June 3, 1853, now agent of the 
Lake Company at Lakeport, is their 
son. On October 19, 1860, Air. Daniell 
married Abbie A. Sanger of Concord, 
and their more than a half century of 
married life was one of ideal happiness. 
To them four sons were born, Eugene 
S., Otis, Warren F. and Jere R. 
Eugene S., now of Greenland, N. H., 
was born April 7, 1863, and married 
Alary A., daughter of former Con- 
gressman Martin A. Haynes of Lake- 
port. Thev have four children. Otis, 
born July 22, 1S66, married Ethel J. 
Pillsbury, daughter of the late A. J. 
Pillsbury of Tilt on, where they reside. 
They have one daughter. Warren 
F. Daniell, Jr., was born December 
25, 1869, and has resided with his 
parents at Franklin. He is unmar- 
ried. Jere R. Daniell, born June 21, 
1875, resides at New London, Conn., 
where he is engaged as a naval archi- 
tect with the Electric Boat and 
Engine Company. He married Miss 
Anna Lippencott of Woodbury, N. J. 

While Air. Daniell had been grad- 
ually failing in strength for two or 
three years he was confined to the 
house by his last illness for but a few 
days, riding out every afternoon up 
to within two or three days of his 
death. Though at first deprecating 
strongly the advent of the automobile, 
he took much pleasure finally in his 
motor car rides, especially when 
accompanied by friends, and no better 
proof could be given of his wide 
acquaintance and universal popularity 
in his elder as well as his younger 
days, than the many hands that were 
waved, to him in kindly greeting as his 
car rolled over the roads of this and 
adjoining states. 

Warren Daniell lived long upon 
this earth; but much longer will his 
kind and useful memory live after 
him. 



"AC WORTH MATTERS AND MEN 

People and Affairs of a New Hampshire Hill Town 
By II. H. MetcalJ 



During the third week in August, 
in accordance with established custom 
initiated by Governor Frank W. 
Rollins and carried into practical 
effect through the earnest and devoted 
efforts of Xahum J. Baehelder, who, 
as Masterof the State Grange, Secre- 
tary of the New Hampshire Board of 
Agriculture and Commissioner of Im- 
migration, had at his command the 
necessary machinery for the further- 
ance of such object, the absent sons 
and daughters of manv'of our New 



of the town, at home or abroad, over 
sixty years of age, was held, in the 
first, once in three years, and in the 
other annually, for a quarter of a 
century before the "Old Home Day" 
proposition was launched, and then 
simply substituted the one for the 
other. Lempster has held an "Old 
Home Day" gathering every year 
since the start in 1899, while in Ac- 
worth, where reunions of the "Slader 
Family," claiming kindred with a 
goodly portion of the town, had 



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Hampshire towns returned to the 
places of their nativity, or former 
residence, .in response to the invita- 
tion of those now there residing, to 
view, again, the scenes of their child- 
hood and meet and greet the surviving 
friends of former years. 

In four towns, at least, in " little 
Sullivan" County, "Old Home Day" 
was formally observed during the 
week in question — Croydon, Cornish, 
Acworth and Lempster. The former 
two had observed "Old People's 
Day, " when a reunion of all the people 



previously been held, and which had 
substantially developed into town 
gatherings, there have been occasional 
observances of the day— in 1904 and 
1905, in 1907 and again in 1909 — quite 
elaborate preparations having been 
made in each instance, an especially 
excellent feature being the superior 
music provided for the occasion under 
the direction of that loyal son of the 
town, Dr. Charles E. Woodbury. 
Again this year this good old town 
among the hills sent out the call to the 
^wanderers, who returned in goodly 



£53 



254 



The Granite Monthly 



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"Old Church on the Hill"— Acworth, N. H. 



Acworth Matters and Men 



'1 05 



numbers, and the occasion was made 
decidedly pleasant and profitable. 

The forernoon hours were spent 
in sociability, the people gathering in 
family, neighborhood, or old school- 
day groups and thus recalling the days 
of the past, which feature continued 
largely through the noon hour, lunch 
being enjoyed on the picnic plan, 
though hot coffee for all was served 
by an efficient committee of the town 
Old Home Week Association — George 
R. Cummings of South Acworth, 
president, and Mrs. Guy S. Neal, 
secretary. 

At two o'clock the audience room of 
the stately old Congregational Church, 
one of the most imposing edifices of its 
type in the State, which has majesti- 
cally crowned the hill — a beacon for 
all the surrounding country- -for more 
than ninety years, was filled to the 
limit of its capacity by those who 
cared to enjoy the formal exercises of 
the day, the president, Dr. Fred H. 
Allen of Holyoke, a native of the 
town, being presented by Dr. Wood- 
bury. Prayer was offered by Rev. 
J. F. Eaton, the pastor, after which 
the audience joined the choir in sing- 
ing "Auld Lang Syne," with a heart 
and spirit seldom equalled, and cer- 
tainly never surpassed on any such 
occasion in this or any other state. 

Following an "appropriate address 
by the president, spiced with humor 
and reminiscence, the following tele- 
gram in rhyme, from Jennie Keyes 
Merriam, an accomplished daughter 
of the town, was read by the Secretary: 

Glad greetings to dear New Hampshire 
^ From the land of the golden sun; 
To the old Granite State with its scenes 
ornate, 
God bless each daughter and son. 

Glad greetings to dear old Acworth 
From the land of the Golden West; 

To the rock-ribbed hills, its valleys and rills, 
God bless each dear native guest. 

Glad greetings to dear old Acworth 
^ From the land of the azure skies; 
Fond memories true are speeding to you 
Today, from Jennie Keyes. 

(Signed) Jennie Keyes Merriam. 



This was followed by the reading 
of the occasional poem, written by 
Airs. Carrie White Osgood of Clare- 
mont, who has furnished a similar 
production for each " Old Home Day " 
observance in her native town, from 
the start. The poem, entitled "The 
Old Church on the Hill," is a fitting 
tribute to the grand old house in which 
the gathering was held, and has 
fitting application, indeed, to many 
another church in New Hampshire 
and elsewhere, similarly located. The 
words are as follows: 



Dr. Fred H. Alien 

The day's long task is over, the west is fai nth- 
red, 

The summer stars are brightening in clusters 
overhead. 

I sit to muse and ponder while the world is 
dim and still, 

And memory gently pictures the old church 
on the hill. 

Like a bishop in his vestments, seated high 

above the town, 
On the labor and the laughter calmly ever it 

looked down; 
With a silence and a blessing, as to guard from 

fear and ill 
Every quiet home below it, watched the old 

church on the hill. 



256 



The Granite Monthly 



Green the hillside spread around it, blue the 

sky above it beamed. 
Like a golden bird of Paradise the vane upon 

it gleamed; 
Lofty- windowed , many-storied, clothed in 

white from spire to sill, 
A beacon widely shining was the old church 

on the hill. 



We marked the shadow climb 'the wall, the 

drowsy palm-leaf sway, 
We nodded — of a sudden said the preacher 

"Let us pray." 
Then we rose to face the singers, how they 

sang with tune and trill, 
"Antioch," and "Loving Kindness," in the 

old church on the hill! 



Ranjdie little lads aud lassies, from weary 

school let out. 
They broke its weekday stillness with merry 

call and shout; 
The blue-eyed grass glanced brightly, the 

strawberry glowed to fill 
The eager brown hands gleaning by the old 

church on the hill. 



In changing \'ears to what a throng its doors 

have opened wide! 
The white-haired saint, the toddling child, 

the widow and the bride! 
When through all the stricken village ran that 

cold and awful thrill, 
Men wept for Martyred Lincoln in the old 

chinch on the hill. 



In quietness and beauty dawned the day of 
peace and rest, 

All the world was newly vestured, as the Sab- 
bath were a guest; 



It set its bell a-swinging against the noonday 

sun 
To tell the weary toilers that half their task 

was done. 



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View Across the Common, Acworth Center 



Intojrills of golden sunshine summer seemed 

to overspill, 
When its bell rang invitation to the old church 

on the hill. 



The sleeping child awakening when wintry 

winds were shrill 
Heard the curfew faintly ringing from the old 

church on the hill. 



Came the parson in his broadcloth, some- 
what stately, and yet kind; 

Came the deacon, riding staidly his old white 
horse behind; 

Came the maiden and the matron, each to 
each with grave good will 

Giving smile and friendly handclasp at the 
old church on the" hill. 



Like a bishop in his vestments, seated high 

above the town, 
On the labor and the laughter ever calmly it 

looks down, 
Through the spring time's filmy greenness, 

through the autumn's frosty chill, 
As it looked when we remember the old 

church on the hill. 



We, the children, sat demurely, bribed by 

dill or peppermint. 
Governing our acts unseemly at the lifted 

eyebrow's hint; 
Smoothing down with careful fingertips the 

Sunday ruff and frill, 
While the ponderous sermon sounded through 

the old church on the hill. 



Green the hillside spreads around it, blue 

the sky above it beams, 
Though we part and though we wander, so 

we see it in our dreams. 
It shall follow us with blessing down the path 

of life until 
We need no more the memory of the oid 

church on the hill. 



Acworth Matters and Men 



257 



Following the poem, and the singing 
of ''Hurrah for Old Xew England" 

by the choir, with spirit and enthusi- 
asm, the Rev. William G. Prentiss, 
pastor of the Grand Avenue Congre- 
gational Church, of Xew Haven, 
Conn., most of whose boyhood and 
youth were apent in Acworth, was 
happily introduced as the orator of 
the day, and delivered an address of 
great power and eloquence, in which 
he paid strong and earnest tribute to 
the worthy lives and wholesome exam- 
ple of the men and women of Acworth, 
of a generation ago, among whom and 
from whom, the first lasting impres- 



It is well for Acworth— well for 
every other New Hampshire and 
Xew England town — to indulge in 
these "Old Home Day'' gatherings 
and the observances connected there- 
with, not merely for the pleasurable 
emotions (tinged with sadness though 
they often are) awakened in the minds 
of those participating, but for the 
resultant beneficial effects upon the 
future of the town itself. Out from 
these hill towns of Xew England have 
gone, in large measure, the brain and 
the brawn that have developed the 
possibilities of the country at large, 
and made the nation great and power- 






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sions of life and duty made upon his 
mind were derived; and emphasized 
the "Call of the Hills" today, for 
men and women of the same earnest 
purpose and loyal devotion which 
then characterized the citizenship of 
the town. It was a fine production, 
creditable alike to the speaker and 
the occasion. 

The exercises closed with the singing 
of "America" by choir and congrega- 
tion; but the people lingered in large 
numbers for words of greeting, and of 
farewell till another "Old Home 
Day" comes around, when, perchance, 
not a few of those then assembled 
will have been "called hence to be 
here no more forever." 



Jul. Back to these same towns, 
drained as they have been of their 
strength and power, must eventually 
be returned some measure of the 
strength and virility essential to their 
rejuvenation, and there are no more 
effective means for securing such 
result than those which revive and 
perpetuate the interest of natives and 
former residents in their old home 
towns, among which these periodical 
gatherings are most potent and 
effective. 

It is not claimed for the town of 
Acworth that it surpasses all or most 
other towns in the State in its natural 
attractions, its material resources, or 
its contribution to the development 



258 



The Granite Monthly 



and progress of the nation at large. 
It is justly claimed, however, that it 
ranks among the first in the former 
regard, that its resources are above 
the average, and that it has done its 
full share in contributing to the up- 
building of the nation. 

While it is not to be supposed that 
the pioneers in the settlement of the 
town, who made their way from 
Connecticut and from Londonderry 
in the years immediately preceding 
the Revolution, and settled upon and 



by the craggy heights of Gates and 
Beryl Mountains, looking down upon 
the romantic Cold River Valley, and 
a wealth of fertile hill land undulating 
in the midst. 

And here it may be said that there 
are few towns in the state offering 
ideal conditions for the summer home- 
seeker, or for him who looks for a 
desirable permanent residence in the 
country, in more abundant measure 
than Acworth, the elevation of whose 
main village above the sea level is 



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among the Acworth hills, chose their 
location with any reference to its 
scenic charms, it is a fact, nevertheless, 
conceded by all who appreciate the 
beauties of nature, and are familiar 
with the same as presenter! in different 
localities, that there are few towns 
more charmingly located or command- 
ing a greater variety of beautiful 
scenery than this same town of Ac- 
worth, bordered on the north by the 
forest-clad shores of Crescent Lake 
(or Cold Pond as it was wont to be 
called) with Coffin Mountain rising 
in the foreground, and on the south 



exceeded by that of only three towns 
in the State, and only slightly by 
either, and whose scenic charms and 
pure health-giving air compare favor- 
ably, on the whole, with anything 
that Dublin, Bethlehem or Jefferson 
have to offer in the same line. It is 
only necessary that Acworth, and -its 
advantages as a summer home local- 
ity, or as the seat of profitable agri- 
cultural operations, be properly adver- 
tised to the world to insure it a place 
among the most prosperous towns in 
the state within a few years, at the 
farthest. Nor is it too much to hope 



Acworth. Matters mid Men 



259 



that the completion of the projected 
cross-state highway, or boulevard, 
from the Connecticut to the sea, 
which is scheduled to pass up the 
Cold River Valley from Walpiole, 
through the southern section of the 
town, and which will be mot at South 
Acworth in due time, without doubt, 
by a stretch of equally good highway 
from the center village, or Acworth 
"Town," as it is generally known, 
will operate most effectively hi famil- 
iarizing the world at large with the 



Acworth was preeminently an agri- 
cultural town, in the years of the 
past, ranking among the best in the 
county in this regard. There is very 
little river or intervale Land within its 
limits, it being mostly "hill country/'' 
but the soil is generally strong and 
productive, and responds to proper 
cultivation with abundant crops. 
The "'Deny Hill" and "Grout Hill" 
regions in the western and central 
southern sections of the town were 
long noted for their fine farms, and in 







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attractions and advantages in various 
directions that the town has to offer. 
The automobile and the good highway 
over which it can pass readily and 
safely, are to be the agencies through 
which the public at large, in the years 
to come, are to familiarize themselves 
with the characteristics of different 
towns and sections, and it is well for 
the people of all towns, not excepting 
Acworth, to remember that good roads 
no less than good schools, are essential 
to prosperity, and will be more so in 
the future than ever in the past. 



the earlier days great stocks of cattle 
and sheep, and big crops of hay, oats, 
potatoes, corn and even wheat were 
produced, not only in these regions, 
but generally throughout the town. 
Fine orchards also were a leading 
feature on most farms, and maple 
sugar was produced more abun- 
dantly than in most other towns. In 
fact only Sandwich in Carroll County 
and Warren in Grafton vied with 
Acwortli in the amount of this prod- 
uct. When the "call of the hills" 
is finally heeded, and the already 



260 



The Granite Monthly 






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Acworth Matters ttnd Men 



261 



insistent command, "Back to the 
Soil!'*' is complied with, as it event- 
ually must be, we may look to see 
this good old town resume the position 
it once held in the front rank of the 
agricultural towns of the State. 

The territory of the town of Ac- 
worth, originally granted as Burnet 
in 1752, but never settled under that 
charter, includes about thirty-six 
square miles, being a little over six 
miles in length from north to south, 
and something less than six miles 
wide, from east to west. It was 
granted again, in 1.766, to the same 
leading proprietor, Col. Sampson 
Stoddard of Chelmsford, Mass., 
though with different associates; but 
it was not until the following year 
that any settlement was made, three 
young men from Ashford, Conn., — 
William Keyes, Joseph Chatterton 
and Samuel Smith — locating in town 
and commencing clearings in 1767; 
while in. the following spring Mr. 
Keyes brought his young wife and an 
infant child to the cabin he had 
erected — the first house in town — their 
farm being that occupied in later years 
by Hon. Jesse Slader. Joseph Chat- 
terton, who is said to have been the 
first man in town to have a barn, 
boarded with them while finishing his 
clearing and getting up his buildings. 
A daughter of William Keyes, born 
the following year — 1760 — but dying 
in infancy, is reputed to have been 
the first white child born in Acworth. 

Other settlers from Connecticut 
soon followed, and, later, others came 
in from Londonderry — representatives 
of the sturdy Scotch-Irish people for 
which that town was famous, and 
whose descendants, no less than those 
of the Connecticut pioneers, long 
exercised a potent influence in the 
affairs of the town. The first town 
meeting was held on the second 
Tuesday in March, 1771. Henry 
Silsby was chosen moderator, John 
Rogers town clerk, and Henry Silsby, 
Samuel Harper and William Keyes 
selectmen. In 1772 there were thir- 



teen dwellings in town, among which 
was that of Thomas Putnam, who 
had also built a saw and grist mill on 
Cold River at what was later known 
as "Parks Hollow,''' one Elisha Parks 
having come into possession of the 
water power, and which has since 
been known as South Acworth. In 
this connection it may be remarked 
that several water powers on Cold 
River, in its course through the town 
from the outlet of Cold Pond, now 
Crescent Lake, down the eastern side 
and across the southern section, were 
early developed and have been util- 
ized, generally, to a greater or less 
extent to the present day, though 



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Brick Store and Old Shoe Shop, Acworth Center 

the first power afforded is in the edge 
of Lcmpster, at what was originally 
known as " Cambridge Hollow, !! 
where extensive operations in different 
lines were carried on for many years, 
the most pretentious being those of 
the Keyes Brothers, sons of Orison, 
and descendants of Jonas Keyes, a 
kinsman of William, who made the 
first settlement at East Acworth, 
where the next water power on the 
river is located, and where a saw mill 
was first built by L)ea. William Carey 
and subsequently owned by Jonas 
Keyes. Lumber sawing and wood- 
working operations of different kinds 
have been carried on at this point 
from that time to the present. A 
mile below East Acworth and just 



262 



The Granite Monthly 



above the confluence of Dodge Brook 
or the east branch with the main 
stream of Cold Rivet, was another 
water power and mill site, occupied 
by different parties for many years, 
but now out of commission. Midway 
between that and South Acworth, at 
the foot of Grout Hill, is another mill 
privilege, where for a hundred years 
there has been something doing in the 
lumber line, under successive pro- 



Archibald, Amos Atwood, Christo- 
pher Avers, Josiah Barker, Aaron 
Blanchard, Edmund Blood, Phineas 
Blood, William Brigham, Alexander 
Brown, Daniel Campbell, James 
Campbell, Dean Carieton, Samuel 
Chaffin, Joseph Chatterton, Elijah 
Clark, John Clark, Thomas Clark, 
William Clark, Asa Cohen, David 
Coffin, Henry Coffin, Moses Coffin, 
Phineas Copeland, John Davidson, 



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prietorships, the Clark Brothers being 
the first operators and Hemphills the 
last. 

When the first Federal census was 
taken, in 1790, there was a total 
population of 704 in Acworth, and 
117 heads of families, not a few of 
which have representatives still living 
in*;town, though many are absolutely 
forgotten while other names have 
taken their place on the list. These 
117 names are as follows: Joseph 
Albree, Jabez Alexander, Thomas 



Thomas Dodge, Isaac Duncan, John 
Duncan, Joseph Finley, Samuel Fin- 
ley, Isaac Foster, Abner Gage, Isaac 
Gates, Luther Gates, John Gregg. 
Joseph Gregg, Andrew Grout, Daniel 
Grout, Daniel Grout, Jr., Ebenezer 
Grout, William Grout, Jacob Hay- 
wood, Peter Hewins, Robert Hill, 
Thomas Hill, Jonathan Holmes, Alex- 
ander Houston, Abel Humphrey, Wal- 
ter Hymes, Amos Ingalls, Amos 
Kenney, Amos Keyes, Edward Keyes, 
Ephraim Keyes, Jonas Keyes, Wil- 



Ac worth Matters and Men 



263 



liain Keyes, George Kinncrson, Moses 
Lancaster, James McClure, Robert 
McClure, Thomas McClure, Joseph 
McFarling, Hugh McKeen, John Mc- 
Keen, James McLaughlin, Joseph 
Markham, WilliamMarkham, Charles 
Matthewson, Isacher Mayo, Nathan- 
iel Merrill; James Miller. William 
Mitcnel, Thaddeus Nott, John Nor- 
land, Nathan Orcutt, William Orcutt, 
Johnson Prouty, John Reed, Supply 
Reed, John Robb, James Rogers, Jane 
Rogers, Jonathan Rogers, William 



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William Woodbury, Znchariah Wood- 
bury, Zachariah Woodbury, Jr. 



In Acworth as in most New Eng- 
land towns, the church was established 
early in the town's history, the Con- 
gregational ists being the first in the 
field, though there was a strong 
admixture of Presbyterianism for 
some years, resulting from the Lon- 
donderry element in the population. 
The present Congregational Church 
was organized "March 12, 1773, with 



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The Barnet C. Finlay House 



Rogers, Nathaniel Sawyer, Eliphaz 
Silsby, Eusebius Silsby, Jonathan 
Silsby, Lasel Silsby, Samuel Sils- 
by, Woodward Augustus Silsby, 
Mehitable Slader, Thomas Slader, 
Edward Smith, Eli Smith, Hezekiah 
Smith, Jedediah Smith, Mahumin 
Stebbins, Alladuren Stowell, Stephen 
Thornton, Owen Tracy, Joel Turner, 
James Wallace, John/ Wallace, Mat- 
thew Wallace, Moses Warren, Abram 
Watson, Sprague West, Nathaniel 
Whitney, John Williams, John Wilson 
John Wilson, Jr., Henry Woodbury, 



eight members — Henry Silsby, Thomas 
Putnam, Samuel Silsby, Dean Carle- 
ton, Bethia Silsby, Rachel Putnam, 
Elizabeth Silsby, and Anna Cross. 
The first preacher called was George 
Gilmore, but he was never settled 
and there was really no settled pastor 
till Rev. Thomas Archibald was or- 
dained and installed, November 11, 
1789, though the church had grown 
to a membership of 58. Mr. Archi- 
bald continued less than four years, 
being dismissed in June, 1794. Three 
years later Rev. John Kimball became 



264 



The Granite Monthly 



the pastor and continued till May 4, 
1813. Of the preaching of this clergy- 
man the church historian— himself 
rigidly "orthodox" — is led to remark: 
"It was more distinctly practical 
than doctrinal, and tending more to 
the proper regulation of the outward 
life than to a deep and thorough 
sense of the utter depravity of the 
heart, and of the need of sovereign 
grace, as the only ground of accept- 
ance with God" — from which it is to 
be judged that he was many years in 
advance of his time. He failed to 



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Methodist Church, So. Acworth 

command the full sympathy of his 
more rigid hearers, but his labors were 
conceded to have been productive of 
good. In July following Mr. Kim- 
ball's dismissal Rev. Phineas Cooke 
came among the people as a candidate, 
and in September of the following 
year was ordained and installed, 
about 2,500 people, it is stated, having 
been present at the services which 
were holden out of doors, a platform 
having been erected outside the 
church. This is supposed to have 
been the greatest public occasion in 
the history of the town until the 



celebration of the centennial anni- 
versary in 1S6S. Mr. Cooke con- 
tinued in the pastorate until March, 
1829, when he removed to Lebanon. 
Two great revivals occurred during 
Mr. Cooke's miujstry, the first and 
most powerful in the earlier years, 
and the other near the close, with the 
result that the church membership 
had risen from about 70 to more than 
250. There was no lack of strict 
orthodoxy in " Priest " Cooke's preach- 
ing — no substitution of the merely 
practical for the severely doctrinal. 
It was also during Air. Cooke's 
ministry that the present church 
edifice was erected, taking the place 
of the original house of worship, built 
in 1784. This church which cost 
$6,000 when erected was one of the 
most imposing in the State, outside 
the large towns, and, although since 
subjected to interior changes, pre- 
sents the same stately appearance as 
of old to the exterior beholder. 

There have been many pastorates 
since that of Air. Cooke, but none of 
equal duration; the longest and that 
best remembered now by the older 
residents of the town being that of 
Rev r . Amos Foster, who was installed 
Februarv 18, 1857, and was dismissed 
June 13," I860. 

A Baptist Church, with seventeen 
members, was organized in Acworth, 
November 8, 1809, but it was not 
until 1818 that a house of worship was 
erected, a short distance east of the 
center of the town, which in 1844 was 
removed to a location near the Con- 
gregational Church and enlarged and 
improved. The pastorates of this 
church were usually short, with many 
interregnums, the longest and best 
remembered being that of Rev. David 
Gage, from 1855. to 1862. _ In 1868, 
for the better accommodation of the 
people, the church edifice was removed 
to South Acworth. 

A movement in the interest of 
Methodism was started in town in 
1834, through the instrumentality of 
Mrs. Dorcas Campbell, wife of Isaac 
Campbell, a Grout Hill farmer, and 



Acworth Matters and Men 



265 



the first Methodist sermon preached 
in town is said to have been preached 
in the school house in that district — 
old "No. 8" — on a weekday evening 
in that year by Rev. J. L. Smith of 
Marlow. There was occasional preach- 
ing in town for some time and 
ultimately classes were formed at 
South Acworth. the Center and East 
Acworth, but it was not until 1844 
that a church edifice was erected, the 
same being located at the Center, and 
dedicated in October of that year, 
Rev. Elihu Scott preaching the dedi- 
catory sermon. Ten years later this 
church was removed to South Ac- 
worth, for the better accommodation 
of the people, as was the case with the 
Baptist Church, before mentioned, at 
a later date, where, its work has since 
continued, with varying degrees of 
prosperity. 

It may not be inappropria'e to 
remark that in a town of 53G inhabi- 
tants, the number found in Acworth 
at the last census — only about one. 
third as" many as were returned in 
1810, when the population of the 
town was given as 1,523— it seems 
sheer folly to maintain three church 
organizations, each trying to support 
public worship. One pastor in a 
population of this extent is all that 
can be decently supported; and with 
a morning service in one village, and 
an afternoon or evening service in 
the other, the entire people can be 
amply accommodated. 

Schools were established in Ac- 
worth even before the church, and 
before 1778 a school house had been 
built on the "common," in which 
the town meetings were also held. 
This "common," by the way, was a 
gift to the town by three men — John 
Keyes, Henry Silsby and Ephraim 
Keyes — each giving a separate parcel, 
but all adjacent, the two first in 1773, 
and the latter some years later. In 
1790 the town was divided into nine 
districts for school purposes, which 
number was ultimately increased to 
thirteen; but since the adoption of 
the town system, and the marked 



decrease in population schools have 
been maintained in no more than half 
of them. The old district schools of 
Acworth. however, had a wide reputa- 
tion for excellence, and turned out 
first-class scholars, many of whom 
became superior teachers whose ser- 
vices were sought at home and abroad. 
Among the later of the successful 
Acworth "school-masters" whom the 
writer calls to mind were Charles J. 
Davis and Hiram X. Hayward, both 
cood farmers and. substantial citizens 




Charles J. Daws 

Boru Jan. 5, 1829. Died April 20, 1909 

in their day— the one a Democrat 
and the other a Republican, but both 
influential members of the Congre- 
gational Church, active in its affairs, 
and in the affairs of the town, and 
beloved and respected by all the 
people. Both have been called to 
their reward within a few years. 

While there has never been an 
academy maintained in the town, 
select schools, so-called, were main- 
tained for many years, either at South 
Acworth or the Center, during the 
autumn season, and not infrequently 
in both villages at the same time. 



266 



The Granite Monthly 



These schools were generally con- 
ducted by competent teachers and 
attended by scholars from abroad 
as well as those in town. In con- 
nection with these schools "lyceums" 
were generally held once a week, in 
the evening, in which the general 
public were allowed to participate, 
and much interest was developed in 
the debates and other exercises. The 
writer vividlv recalls those in the 
autumns of 1858, 1859, and I860, the 
Rev. A". C. Field being the teacher in 
the former year, and George R. 



man, who married Clara D., daughter 
of Joel Porter of South Acworth, and 
was for some time in charge of the 
grist mill in that place. He enlisted 
in the Third New Hampshire Volun- 
teers, in the Civil War, and was killed 
in the assault on Fort Wagner, July 
18, 1863. His widow subsequently 
married George F. Reed, and after 
his death studied medicine, graduating 
from the Boston University Medical 
School, and practiced, first in Bellows 
Falls and later for many years in 
Newton, Mass. Mr. Whitman, who 



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Brown, later a lawyer in Newport, in 
the latter two. There were warm 
and lively debates in the lyceums 
those years, but those who took part 
therein have mostly ''passed on." 
Prominent among them were Joseph 
S. Bowers, James A. Wood, Orvil 
Sladcr and William F. Whitman, all 
long since deceased. Edward M. 
Smith now of Alstead, and Ezra M. 
of Peterborough were among the 
debaters in 1859. 

William F. Whitman, whom the 
writer remembers as a cherished friend, 
although some years older than him- 
self, was a most kindly and lovable 



was a native of Stoddard, was one of 
a round one hundred men, all told, 
who went out from Acworth to fight 
for the maintenance of the Union, 
bravely doing their duty, as had the 
men of Acworth in goodly numbers in 
the war of the Revolution and the 
contest of 1812. 

Reference being made to the prac- 
tice of medicine, it ma)' be said that 
Acworth has seldom been without a 
reliable physician within its borders, 
for a century past, those of the longest 
practice in town being Dr. B.C. Parker, 
from 1808 till 1856; Dr. Lyman Brooks 
1823 to 1865, and Dr. Carl A. Allen 



Acicorlh Matters and Men 



267 



(now of Holyoke. Mass.) 1S74 to 1890. 
The town has also sent out a large 
corps of young men who have prac- 
ticed elsewhere, among them being 
Dr. Milton Parker, son of the first 
named, who became eminent in the 
profession in Chicago; Dr. Jonathan 
SiJsby at Cazenovia X. Y.; Drs. John 
H. Hemphill, William Grout and Mil- 
ton P. Hayward in Ohio; Drs. Nedom 
L. Angier and Joseph Woodbury in 
Georgia; Dr. Alvah R. Cummings in 
Claremont; Dr. Sylvester Campbell, 
Surgeon in 16th N. H. Regiment in 
the Civil War— died in a Louisiana 
hospital; Dr. N. G. Brooks, at 
Charlestown, where , Dr. Oscar C. 
Young is now located: Dr. Hiram Clark 
who practiced in Kansas, where he 
died, while Dr. Dean W. McKeen, now 
in that state, a son of John McKeen, 
was for some time Professor of Materia 
Medica and Therapeutics in the St. 
Louis College of Physicians and 
Surgeons. 

Acworth has never had a practicing 
lawyer settled within its borders 
but has sent out a goodly number of 
men who have adorned the legal 
profession elsewhere — some in a 
marked degree. Among these may 
be mentioned Milon C. McClure, son 
of Samuel and grandson of Robert, 
born January 7. 1819, graduated at 
Dartmouth College, studied law and 
practiced at Claremont till his death 
in 1860, gaining high rank at the bar 
and serving in the legislature and the 
executive council; Shepard L. Bowers, 
son of James of South Acworth, born 
December 13, 1S27. practiced in New- 
port; from 1856 till liis death in 1894, 
serving as representative in the legis- 
lature, state senator, register of pro- 
bate and county solicitor; Lyman J. 
and. George B. Brooks, sons of Dr. 
Lyman Brooks, the former practicing 
for a time in Claremont and Newport, 
and later serving several years as 
Clerk of the Court for Sullivan 
County, and the latter practicing at 
Saginaw, Mich.; George R. Brown, 
son of Aaron and Eadey (Watts) 
Brown, born March 4, 1834, a gradu- 



ate of Tufts College and long time 
successful teacher, who studied law 
and settled in practice in Newport in 
1S6S, where he still remains, having 
served as superintending school com- 
mittee and Register of Probate for 
Sullivan County from 1S71 to 1S76; 
also Adson Dean Keyes, Herbert D. 
Ryder, and George W. Anderson, of 
whom further mention will be made 
hereafter. 

No attempt will be made to enu- 
merate the Acworth men who have 
made the ministry their calling, but 





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George R. Brown 

among those going out from the town 
during the first half of the last 
century, who became prominent in 
that service, were Rev. Daniel Lan- 
caster, mam' years pastor at Gil- 
manton and long Secretary of the 
New Hampshire Bible Society; Rev. 
John Orcutt, D. D., who preached in 
different states, and was many years 
Secretary of the American Coloniza- 
tion Society; Rev. Alexander Houston 
and Rev. Giles Bailey the former, 
like the two preceding, a Congrcga- 
tionalist, and the latter a Universalist, 
both being settled in Maine. 



268 



The Granite Monthly 



Hiram Orcutt, a brother of Rev. 
John Orcutt, above named, was an 
eminent educator, a graduate of 
Dartmouth of the class of 1S42, and 
successively principal of Hebron and 
Thetford, Vermont, Academies, and 
the Ladies' Seminary at North Gran- 
ville, N. Y., Glenwood Seminary at 
Brattleboro, Vt., and Tilclen Ladies' 
Seminary at West Lebanon. 

While no other Acworth born men 
have attained the eminence as teach- 
ers won by Professor Orcutt, many 
of them have been creditably and 






Myra S. Chatterton 



successfully engaged in the occupa- 
tion for longer or shorter periods, 
though generally later turning their 
attention to other professions. And 
a multitude, almost, of Acworth young 
women have " taught the young idea 
how to shoot" to excellent advantage, 
at home and abroad. The name of 
one among them stands out con- 
spicuously, like "'a bright particular 
star"— -that of Myra S. Chatterton. 
She was a daughter of Edwin S. and 
Sarah (Wilcox) Chatterton. born Sep- 
tember 28, 1805, being a descendant 



in the fourth generation from Joseph 
Chatterton, one of the town's first 
settlers. She was the favorite in an 
attractive family of four daughters 
and a son, the others — Minnie Estelle, 
Esther Richardson, Gertrude May 
(wife of Erving C. Davis) and 
Alonzo B. all surviving, and Esther R. 
being a present member of the town 
board of education. She was edu- 
cated at the famous Mount Holyoke 
College, South Hadley, Mass., and 
taught successfully in this state and 
Maryland, and for fifteen years in a 
Brooklyn, X. Y., high school where 
she won the affectionate regard of 
her pupils, the respect and esteem of 
her associates, and a reputation for 
competency unsurpassed. She was 
a most intellectual and accomplished 
woman, and was a member of various 
educational societies, among others 
the New York Biological Society, of 
which she was secretary. Her sud- 
den and untimely death, February 
11, 1907, is still deeply mourned by 
all who knew her. 



A tolerably fair idea as to who have 
been among the leading citizens of 
Acworth during a century and more 
past may be had by scanning the list 
of names of those who have been 
chosen to serve the town in the state 
legislature, though of course it always 
happens that some men of equal 
merit and ability never seek or receive 
such distinction. The list is as follows, 
dating from the time when the town 
first enjoyed separate representation, 
it having been classed with Lempster 
till 1794: 

1794 to 1801, inclusive, William 
Grout; 1803, Thomas Slader; 1804-6, 
Gawin Gilmore; 1807-8, William 
Grout; 1809, Thomas Slader; 1810, 
Gawin Gilmore; 1811-13, Ebenezer 
Grout; 1814. William Grout; 1815- 
16, Edward Slader; 1817-20, Ithiel 
Silsby; 1821-2. Elisha Parks; 1823-4, 
James M. Warner; 1825-6, David 
Blanchard; 1827-8, Daniel Robinson; 
1829-30, Stephen Carleton, 1831-2, 
Jonathan Gove: 1833-4, Eliphalet 



Aeworth Mailers and Men 



269 



Bailey; 1835-6, Joel Tracy; 1837, 
David Montgomery; 1838, Samuel 
MeClure; 1839, David Montgomery; 
1810-41, Joseph G. Silsby; 1842-3, 
Edward Woodbury; 1844-5, Joel 
Tracy; 1846-7 William Warner; 1848- 
9, Granville Gilmore; 1850-51, James 
Wallace; 1S52-3, Joseph G. Silsby; 
1854-5, Jonathan H. Dickey; 1856-7- 
S, Adna Kevcs; 1859-60, Daniel J. 
Warner; 1861-2, Zenas Slader; 1863, 
Charles M. Woodbury; 1864-5-6, 
Levi Prentiss; 1S67-S, William Hay- 



Martin V. B. Peck; 1907-8, George 
J. Rackliffe; 1909-10, Henry A. 
Clark; 1911-12, Guy S. Neal, 1913, 
Weston O. Kemp. 

Aeworth men who have served in 
the state senate include Gawin Gil- 
more, in 1823; John Robb, in 1848 
and 1S49 and Jesse Slader in 1859 and 
1860, besides Sheperd L. Bowers, of 
Newport, Aeworth born, who served 
as before mentioned. One man, Jona- 
than Gove, long a leading citizen, 
was a member of the executive council 



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.S&^A^&a&iii&S 




View at East Aeworth 



ward; 1869-70, Chapin K.Brooks;1871 
-2, Barnet C. Finlay; 1873-4, John F. 
Murdough; 1875, James A. Wood; 
1876, William Brooks; 1877, James A. 
Wood; 1878-9, Samuel Slader; 1881-2 
Hiram N. Havward; 1883-4, William 
Brooks; 1885-6, William L. Wood- 
burv; 1887-8, Oliver Chapin; 1889-90, 
Hiram R. Neal; 1891-2, Charles E. 
Murdough; 1893-4, John H. Clark; 
1895-6, George W. Buss; 1897-8, 
George P. Dickev; 1899-1900, Hiram 
N. Hayward; 1901-2, Fred C. Parker; 
1903-4, Henry A. Clark; 1905-6, 



in 1835 and 1836, as was Milon C. 
MeClure of Claremont, an Aeworth 
native, later. 

Jonathan H. Dickey, or J. Harvey 
Dickey, as he was more generally 
known, served for a time as Judge of 
Probate for Sullivan County, by 
appointment of Governor Weston in 
the early " seventies. " Judge Dickey, 
though not a lawyer, was a clear- 
sighted, level-headed, well-informed 
and thoroughly upright man, who 
enjoyed the confidence of all, and was 
the trusted adviser of many who 



270 



The Granite Monthly 



sought his counsel in matters of law 
and business. He was long one of 
the leaders of the Democratic party 
in Sullivan County. 

Among Acworth born men. who 
have gained success and distinction 
abroad, are Hon. Urban A. Wood- 
bury of Burlington, Vt., who has been 
mayor of his city and governor of the 
state, Dr. Nedom L. Angier, who was 
active in public life in reconstruction 
times in Georgia, serving in the Con- 
vention that drafted the new consti- 
tution, and as treasurer of the state; 



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The Old Cummings Peg Shop 

Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Cram of the 
U. S. Army; Capt. Edward H. Savage, 
once Chief of Police of the City of 
Boston, and Prof. John Graham 
Brooks, of Cambridge, Mass., the 
noted student, author and lecturer 
on Sociology, a son of Chapin K. 
Brooks, long active in business and 
public affairs in Acworth, who has, 
perhaps, a wider reputation than any 
other native of the town. 



While Acworth has always been 
essentially an agricultural town, tiiere 



has been, from the earliest days, more 
or less manufacturing carried on 
within its limits, mainly on Cold 
River and more than anywhere else 
at South Acworth, where Thomas 
Putnam first established a saw and 
grist mill and where, later, Elisha 
Parks built and operated a small 
woolen mill. Nathan Adams, who, 
came to Acworth from the town of 
Washington in 1858, manufactured 
cassimere here to the extent of 6,000 
yards per annum, for a dozen years 
or more. He was an estimable citizen, 
and his son, Washington Irving, who 
grew up in Acworth, is now general 
disbursing agent for the Smithsonian 
Institution at Washington, D. C. 

A notable industry in South Ac- 
worth, for a number of years, was 
the manufacture of wooden shoe pegs, 
carried on by Ephraim Cummings 
and his son, Charles B. They were 
first made by hand but machinery 
was soon substituted, and it was here, 
by this firm, that the first mill in 
the country for the manufacture of 
pegs by machinery, was established. 
Later Charles B. Cummings estab- 
lished a clothes-pin factory and did a 
large business for some time. 

Maj. Ephraim Cummings, who 
was an influential and public spirited 
citizen, universally loved and re- 
spected, and familiarly known as 
"Uncle Eph," was one of the famous 
musicians of his day, and served as a 
bugler at the old time musters for 
many years. He was also a master 
of the cornet and clarinet. He organ- 
ized, trained and led the South 
Acworth brass band, an organization 
that was maintained for a number of 
years during the last century. His 
son Charles B., who was also a public 
spirited man and did much to pro- 
mote the welfare of South Acworth, 
among other things being a moving 
spirit in securing the erection of 
Union Hall for public gathering pur- 
poses, inherited much of his father's' 
musical talent, and was also a member 
of the band, as Was, later, his son, 
George R., who occupies the old 



Acuorth Ma ((era and Men 



271 



homestead, and is today the one wide- 
awake, hustling eitizen in this part of 
the town, has been instrumental in 
bringing in the telephone, in the 
organization of a board of trade; is 
president of the Ac worth Old Home 
Day Association, was the leading 
spirit in town in furthering the move- 
ment to secure the extension of the 
Grand Trunk railroad across the 
state from White River Junction to 
Boston — a movement which though 
betrayed is not yet dead— and was 
mainly instrumental in securing the 
lay-out of the projected cross-state 
highway up the Cold River valley 
and through South Ac worth, from 
the construction of which much is 
yet hoped for that village and the 
town. He married Miss Eliza A. 
Richardson, daughter of the late 
Horace Richardson, who is also a 
fine musician, as are their children — 
Gertrude R., wife of Fred R. Read, a 
teacher in Providence, R. I.; Frank 
C., with the Rigelow, Kennard Jew- 
elry Co., of Boston, and Guy H., a 
successful travelling salesman for 
Whittemore Co., of Cambridge. 

It is proper to note that a citizen 
of Ac worth. Mr. James Bowers, a 



f 



Charles B. Cummings 

native of Hancock, who settled in 
South Acworth in 1821, was one of 
the pioneers in this country in the 
business of mica mining which he 
commenced in North Carolina tis 
early as 1830. With him his son, 
Joseph Symonds, born November 3, 



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The Cummings Homestead and School .St. View, So. Acworth 



272 



The Granite Monthly 



1825, (named for his maternal grand- 
father, Joseph Symonds of Hancock) 
who had become deeply interested in 
the work in vouth. was associated 









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Joseph Symonds Bowers 

when coining of age, under the firm 
name of J. & J. S. Bowers. After a 
number of years the father retired 
and Joseph S., continued the business 
alone. During all this time, up to 



1S70, only one other man in the 
country, George Ruggles of Boston, 
who owned and operated the quarry 
in Grafton, was engaged in the mica 
mining business. 

Joseph S. Bowers married, April 6, 
1852, Mary L. Mitchell of Lempster. 
Three children were born in their 
South Acworth home. Flora E., born 
October 26, 1853, died May 14, 1876; 
Charles Dana, born February 24, 
1856, and Elbron Symonds, born 
September 7, 1S62. Charles, who 
studied at New London and Kimball 
Union Academies and contemplated 
a college course was compelled to 
abandon the same on account of 
failing health, and engaged with his 
father in the mica mining business, 
under the firm name of J. S. Bowers 
& Son, which partnership was finally 
broken,, by the death of the father, 
December 25, 1S79, in Troy, N. Y., 
on the way home from North Caro- 
lina. Elbron S. Bowers, who grad- 
uated from Vermont Academy at 
Saxtoivs River in 1882, and had also 
contemplated a college course, was 
induced to go into partnership with 
his brother, and the firm of Bowers 
Bros., enlarged the business and 
established a sales office in Chicago, 
with E. S. in charge, while Charles D. 
superintended the work in North 




The Old Deep Hole Below the Grist Mill, South Acworth 



Acworth Matters and Men 



273 



I i 



I 



Baptist Church — Main St., So. Acworth — Union Hal 



Carolina till his health, never strong, 
gave way and he died, at Highlands, 
N. C., October 20, 1889. Elbron S. 
continued the business, in Chicago, 
until he, too, was removed by death, 
October 25, 1896, after which the 
business was sold, and the name of 
Bowers was no more known where it 
had so long been prominent in this 
business. Mrs. Joseph S. Bowers, 
now in her 83d year, the only remain- 
ing member of the family, now resides 
in Bellows Falls, Vt., but retains a 
strong interest in Acworth, where 
husband and children were born and 
reared, and where' the former was 
long a prominent and respected citi- 
zen. 

It should be remarked in this con- 
nection that James and Joseph S. 
Bowers spent much time and money 
in the development of the quarry on 
what has since been known as "Beryl 
Mountain" on the southern border 
of the town, where, although the 
output of mica was not found profit- 
able, large quantities of beryl, of great 
size and beauty were procured and 
sold abroad, and where up to the 
present time handsome stone for 
monumental purposes is quarried. 

From the nature of its location 
Acworth has never been a mercantile 
center, but one or two general stores, 
and other small shops, have generally 
been maintained at both the Center 



and South Acworth. The most popu- 
lar merchant ever doing business in 
the latter place was Jacob B. Richard- 
son, usually known as ''Uncle Jake," 
who removed there from Lempster 
in 1857, and was in trade for some 
fifteen years, till his death, at first in 
company with his son, J. Foster, and 
later alone. 

Several different merchants have 
been in general trade at the Center, 
including, during the latter half of the 






n 



Jacob B. Richardson 



274 



The Granite Monthly 



last century, the Warners, Charles 
M. Woodbury, the Brookses and Fred 
C. Parker, son of Hiram Parker of 
Lempster, how a travelling salesman 
and resident of Concord. Of these 
the best known in town was Capt. 
Charles Miloh Woodbury, a son of 
Capt. Edward and Dorcas (Thornton) 
Woodbury, born December 26, 1S16. 
He was educated in the common 
schools and academies, taught school 
.in youth, and served as a clerk in the 
village store. Later he was for a 
time in the blacksmithing business, 



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Charles M. Woodbury 

and then for a number of years in 
trade as a member of the firm of 
Warner, Woodbury & Archer. Sub- 
sequently he engaged in the manu- 
facture of boots and shoes, under the 
firm name of Blanchard & Woodbury, 
successors to the Acworth Boot & 
Shoe Co., and was afterward for a 
number of years general agent for the 
company which succeeded his firm. 
He died, after a brief illness, July 17, 
1887. He was a leading Democrat 
and was long active in public life, 
serving his town as a representative, 
as town clerk for ten years, and as 



postmaster for nine years, resigning 
with the advent of the first Repub- 
lican administration in 1861. A man 
of the highest honor and integrity, he 
was esteemed by ail, and his genial 
manner toward them as boys is now 
recalled by many of the older citizens. 
His last work was as a member of a 
committee to reconstruct the interior 
of the beautiful old church which his 
father had helped to build in 1821, 
to which he devoted time and money 
freely. 

He married, in 1842, Louisa Gra- 
ham Currier, daughter of Joseph and 
Sally (Davis) Currier, who was born 
on the same day with himself, and is 
still living, at the old homestead, in 
her 97th year — the oldest member of 
the church and the oldest resident of 
the town. She is remarkably well, 
and keenly intelligent, a great reader, 
well informed as to all current events; 
while her sewing is the admiration 
of the younger generation. Of their 
three children Charles E. is a physi- 
cian; William Lloyd, who married 
Jennie S. Finlay, is a member of the 
mercantile firm of Prentiss, Brooks 
& Co., of Holyoke, Mass., and Nellie 
Louise, a talented and accomplished 
musician, is now and has been for 
many years a supervisor -of music in 
the Boston public schools. 



Reference having been made to the 
firm of Prentiss, Brooks & Co., of 
Holyoke, it may well be said that this 
prosperous firm is essentially an 
Acworth institution. Mr. Robert T. 
Prentiss, a member of the 16th N.. H. 
Regiment in the Civil War, one of the 
five sons of William Prentiss, long a 
prominent and respected Acworth 
citizen, engaged in the grain business 
in Holyoke in 1871. He subsequently 
secured the services, as bookkeeper 
and salesman, of Mr. James Freeman 
Dickey, son of Jonathan H. Dickey, 
who served in that capacity till 1SS5, 
when the firm of Prentiss, Brooks & 
Co., was organized, the partners 
being Mr. R. T. Prentiss, Mr. Wil- 
liam Brooks, a son of Chapin K. 



Brooks, who had conducted the old 
brick store in Acworth a number of 
years and, following his father, been 
active in public affairs, serving as 
representative and postmaster, and 
Mr. J. F. Dickey, which partnership 



Acworth Mailers and Men 

and flour businc 



275 



and also deals in 
masons' supplies, and has branch 
stores at Westfield, Easthampton and 
South Hadley Falls, Mass. 

Mr. Dickey, whose death was a 
great loss to the firm, and to the corn- 



el 



<§.. 



continued until June, 1899, when Mr. 
Prentiss retired and Mr. William L. 
Woodbury, before mentioned, was 
admitted to the firm. Mr. William 
I. Morse of Springfield, Mass., was 
admitted in 1909, and in the following 
year Mr. Dickey died. The firm 
conducts a large general hay, grain 



>^^^-^^_^W , 



munity, in which he was widely 
esteemed, married Mary E. Anderson 
of Acworth, who survives him, with 
one daughter, Miss Christine A. 
Dickey. 

Two other sons of William Prentiss 
were in business in Holyoke, Marden 
W. and Charles PL, the former with 



276 



The Granite Monthly 



Geo. W. Prentiss <v Co., wire manu- 
facturers, and the latter in the tailor- 
ing business, and quite successful for 
many years, until his death. The 
eldest son. D. Brainerd. also removed 
to Holyoke about 1SS3. His oldest 
son is the Rev. William C. Prentiss, 
who was the orator of the day at this 
year's "Old Home Day" in Acworth. 
William L. Woodbury, before enter- 
ing the firm of Prentiss, Brooks <fc Co., 
had been for fifteen years a travelling 
salesman for A. P. Tapley & Co., of 
Boston, and subsequently in the 









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.7 




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George W. Buss 





\ 



grain business at Westfield, Mass.,with 

Hiland H. Smith, another Acworth 
man, under the firm name of Wood- 
bury & Smith. 



Considerable business in the lumber 
and wood-working line have been 
done at East Acworth, or Keyes and 
Buss Hollow, as it has been called at 
different times, where two mill priv- 
ileges have been utilized. Rodney 
Buss and James M. Reed were the 
principal operators there half a cen- 
tury ago. and George W. Buss, son 
of the former has been the active man 



of the place and a leading citizen of 
the town for many years past. 

George W. Buss, son of Rodney and 
Almira (Huntley) Buss was born in 
Acworth, February 22, lSoti. He was 
educated in the public schools and 
has always resided on the old home- 
stead. He is engaged in farming 
and in the manufacture of lumber on 
the old site where the first mill for 
dressing cloth was built, by Daniel 
Foster, in 1800. He is a Republican 
politically and has been prominent 
in the affairs of his town and county, 
serving as a member of the board of 
education, selectman, tax collector, 
moderator, as a member of the state 
legislature in 1895, as county com- 
missioner six years, from 1905 to 
1911, and as postmaster at East 
Acworth from 1887 to 1S9G. In 1878 
he was united in marriage with Flora 
E. Bailey of Claremont, and they 
have two sons— Roy H., who is 
married and resides near home, being 
associated with his father in the 
lumber business, and Raymond, who 
graduated from Brown University in 
1909, and is now cashier for the Narra- 
gansett Electric Light <fc Power Co., 
of Providence, R. I. 

The writer resided in Acworth from 
1857 till 1862, and recalls the names 
and something of the personality of 
the people of the town of that day — 
the Dickeys, Woodburys, Sladers, War- 
ners, Silsbys, Andersons, Tracys, Mitch- 
ells, Thayers, Haywards, Davises, 
Finlays, Prentisses, Brookses, Crams, 
Lincolns, Perhams,Osgoods, McKeens, 
and scores of others, but his recollec- 
tion is naturally keener concerning the 
residents of South Acworth, and of the 
Grout Hill district where was his 
home. Dea. Alvah Cummings, Free- 
land Hemphill, Nathaniel Merrill, 
Isaac and Horace Campbell and their 
families were his near neighbors. This 
was a fine farming region and these 
men were all good farmers ( and sub- 
stantial citizens. 

Alvah Cummings was an active 
member and long time deacon of the 



Acworth Matters and Men 



277 



Baptist Church, a staunch Democrat, 
a good citizen, and reared a large 
family of children, some of whom 
made their mark in the world. The 
oldest son, Alvah R. was long a lead- 
ing physician in Claremont; Ebenezer 
G., was the first New Hampshire 
graduate from the Philadelphia Dental 
College,, and practiced dentistry with 
great success in Concord for many 
years. George A., who was the 
head of the well-known firm of Cum- 
mings Bros., marble and granite 
workers of Concord was prominent 
in public life and at one time Mayor 
of that city, and also at the head of 
the grand lodge I. O. O. F., of the 
state; while the younger and only 
surviving son, Milon D., of the same 
firm, has served in the legislature and 
is one of Concord's most reputable 
citizens. Of the daughters, Sally 
Ann married Dea. George W. Young 
and Mary J., was the wife of the late 
Dr. George A. Young, of Concord, a 
prominent dentist, who died while 
serving as postmaster of the city. 

Nathaniel Merrill was a fine farmer, 
well educated, intelligent, an active 
Democrate and a long time justice of 
the peace. He had five daughters 
and two sons. Of the daughters two 
only survive — Josephine S., wife of 



4_-".:-iJi_-..-^'--^-'i^^.y*i.i't:i 



ifa'-/....^- :- -- 1 ■■-..,- ■■■. -'-■■ ■:'! 



Milon D. Cummings 

Manley W. G asset t, who lives on 
the old place, and Helen M. Both 
sons, Nathaniel P., and Edwin \V\, 
are deceased. Nathaniel P., who was 
a graduate of the Ann Arbor law 
school, left a daughter, Fannie, now a 
popular teacher in Utica, N. Y. 

Horace Campbell, who was also a 



u^ 



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v^ 3 H 
- -, ** 



Vv. - 



j 



Dea. Horace Campbell Place— Grout Hi!! 



278 



The Granite Monthly 



m 



\ 



Hemphill Homestead, Grout Hill, Acworth 



Baptist deacon, a good citizen, and 
a brother-in-law of Dea. Alvah Cum- 
mings, they having married sisters 
(Polly and Sally Grout) also reared 
o.uite a family, three daughters and 
three sons. The eldest daughter, 
Mary G., married Charles B. Cum- 
mings, heretofore mentioned; the sec- 
ond, Sarah IT., was the wife of Henry 



- 



Silsby and the third, Nancy, wife of 
Rev. Chester Dingman. The sons 
were Freeman H., Sylvester, a civil 
war surgeon who died in the service, 
and Ebenezer Grout, also a physician 
and surgeon. 



m Acworth, 
beginning of 
son, John H. 
mentioned. 
Universalist 



Freland Hemphill 



Freeland Hemphill had a large 
farm and managed it well. He was 
the tenth of twelve children of Joseph 
Hemphill of Windham who settled 
on this farm, near the 
the last century. One 
, was a physician, before 
Another, Joseph, was a 
clergyman. Freeland 
was born August 29, 1812. He 
married first, Lydia McKeen of Ac- 
worth, November 2, 1S44, who died 
June 20, 1855; second, Henrietta Snow 
of Somerset, Vt., who died October 8, 
1904. By his first wife he had three 
children who reached maturity — 
Kathleen, who married Watson M. 
Pettingill, had five children and died 
May 14, 1891; Eugene F., who resided 
in Keene and died November 23, 1912. 
leaving a wife and three children, and 
Ashton Erastus now of Holyoke, 
Mass., of whom we shall speak later, 

Mr. Hemphill died January 4, 1873, 
and his death was a great loss to the 
neighborhood and town. He was a 



Ancorth Matters and Men 



279 



man of strong intellect and firm con- 
victions, a deep thinker, sharp rea- 
soner and a controversialist who held 
his own in debate with any num. lie 
was a Republican in politics, of Free 
Soil antecedents, but was always 
averse to office holding. He was, how- 
ever, a member of the board of select- 
men, with Chapin K. Brooks and 
Theron Duncan, in 1861, the opening 
year of the Civil War. when responsi- 
bilities were great and the labor was 
arduous. 



George W. Young, a native of Ac- 
worth, was the ninth child of James 
Young of Salisbury, who settled in 
town in 1813. He was born Jan. 7 
1827, married Sally Ann Cummings 
March 23, 1858, and some six years 
later purchased of Joseph P. Metcalf 
the fine farm on the southern slope of 
Grout Hill, which the latter had 
bought of Lemuel Morse in 1857, 
which had previously been known as 
the Copeland place and earlier as the 
Clark farm. Here he lived for many 
years, and here his three sons were 
born and reared. These sons are 
Arthur G., of Concord, salesman and 
general manager for the firm of Cum- 



Dca. George W. Young 

mings Bros.; Oscar C, a physician of 
Chariest own, and Lyman A., now on 
the home farm, which his father turned 
over to him a few years before his 
death, himself removing to the Deacon 
Cummings place, his wife's old home, 
near by. He, also, was a deacon of the 







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11::- 



Geo. W. Young Place, Grout Hill, Acworth 



280 



The Granite Monthly 



Baptist church in whose work he took 
strong interest. He was a good citizen, 
but took no active part in political af- 
fairs, devoting himself closely to the 
care and cultivation of his farm, which 
lie made one of the best in town, pro- 
ducing excellent crops and raising 
superior stock for which he had a 
wide reputation. He died July 21, 
1901. His widow now resides in 
South Acworth, but retains her old 
home on the hill. 

Looking over the Cold River valley, 
to the southeast, from Grout Hill, the 




James H. Brown 

eye rested on a large and well culti- 
vated farm, in the time of the writer's 
youth, owned by Aaron Brown. Here 
too a large family had been reared. 
Of the sons, who grew to manhood, 
Isaac was a prosperous farmer in 
Surry, represented the town in the 
legislature and later removed to 
Indiana, where he died a year or two 
ago at an advanced age. John C, 
was a leading Walpole farmer, and 
a representative from that town, who 
died a few years since. George R., 
a Newport lawyer, has been previously 



mentioned. James H., the youngest, 
who was educated at the district school 
and the Marlow and Alstead Acade- 
mies,' taught school several winters, 
and resided at home, succeeding his 
father on the farm which he carried 
on successfully for ten years, having 
a large stock of cattle, sheep and 
horses which the selectmen in 1SGS 
pronounced the best in town. He 
then engaged in the hardware busi- 
ness in Newport, but soon sold out 
and purchased the Plienix Hotel in 
that town, which he conducted ten 
years with much success, command- 
ing the patronage of the larger por- 
tion of the travelling public visiting 
the place. Subsequently he was for 
a time a travelling salesman, and for 
about two years in the real estate 
business in the South. From 1891 to 
1897 he was proprietor of the Valley 
Hotel at Hillsboro, disposing of the 
same in the latter year. In the mean- 
time he had built several houses in 
the village and bought a small farm 
a mile outside, to the cultivation of 
which, and the care of the village 
property he has since devoted him- 
self. He married a Miss Whitte- 
more, a successful teacher, of Hills- 
bnro, sister of the late Col. J. B. 
Tvhittemore, and they have one 
daughter, who has been thoroughly 
educated. 



There is a handsome and conven- 
iently arranged public library build- 
ing, of brick construction, at the 
Center, the gift of the late Ithiel 
Homer Silsbv, a native of the town, 
erected in 1892, in which are 2800 well 
selected volumes. Hiram N. Hay- 
ward was the librarian till his death, 
when he was succeeded by Mrs. Helen 
Anita Neal. 

The present board of town officers 
consists of x\lmon E. Clark, Elmer 
H. Rugg and Arthur Nye, selectmen, 
and Nathan Spaulding, clerk and 
treasurer. The members of the 
school board are Almon E. Clark, 
Esther R. Chatterton and Rev. James 
F. Eaton. 



Acworth Matters and Men 



281 



Acworth celebrated the 100th anni- 
versary of its settlement with elabo- 
rate exorcises, for which extensive 
preparation had been made. September 
13. 1S6S, Rev. Amos Foster pre- 
sided and Rev. Giles Bailey was the 
orator of the day. A great multi- 
tude of people were fed, numerous 
after dinner speeches were made by 
returning sons of the town, letters of 
regret and congratulation from others 
were read, and a most pleasurable 
reunion of the sons and daughters of 
the town enjoyed. It is hoped that 
when the 150th anniversary comes 
around, in 1918, an observance no 
less elaborate and satisfactory will be 
held, though there may be fewer 
people, claiming nativity or former 
residence in the good old town, to 
attend it. 



PERSONAL SKETCHES 
Charles A. Brackett, D. M. D. 

The most eminent member of the 
dental profession who ever went out 
from the town of Acworth, or the 
State of New Hampshire, is Dr. 
Charles Albert Brackett of Newport, 
R. I., who, although a native of 
Lempster, "grew up," and secured 
the most of his early education in this 
town. 

Dr. Brackett, son of Joseph and 
Lucretia (Hunt) Brackett, both na- 
tives of Peterboro, was born on a 
farm in the "Dodge Hollow" district 
of Lempster, January 2, 1850. Joseph 
Brackett, a descendant of Capt. 
Richard Brackett, a native of Scot- 
land and a member of the Massachu- 
setts Bay Company, who immigrated 
in 1629, and had land allotted him in 
Braintree and Quincy, Mass., was the 
son of parents in limited circum- 
stances, with a large family, and, like 
the rest, he had his own way to make 
in the world by industry, economy 
and the associated qualities essential 
to success, the importance of which 
was duly impressed upon the minds 



of his children. In 1857, the Lempster 
farm was sold, and during the next 
two years or mure the family resided 
temporarily in Newport and in Dis- 
trict No. 7 in Lempster, removing 
in the spring of 1860 to the Deny 
Hill district in Acworth, where Mr, 
Brackett purchased and occupied the 
Allen Hayward farm, which he carried 
on for seven years, when he sold to 
John S. Osgood. Subsequently he 
purchased the Orville L. Slader farm, 
about a mile northwesterly from 
South Acworth. He was a thorough 
and successful farmer, intelligent and 
well read, and a model citizen. 

Charles A. secured his education in 
the district schools where he resided, 
and at the select schools at the Center 
and in South Acworth, and credits 
the "South Acworth Lyceum, 1 ' of 
which he was a member in the later 
years of his boyhood, with no small 
influence in promoting his intellectual 
development. For three successive 
winters, beginning at sixteen, he taught 
school — the first two winters in the 
"Black North" and the last in the 
"County" district. In the fall of 
1870 he entered the office of Dr. L., 
C. Taylor, then of Holyoke, Mass. 
now of Hartford, Conn., as a student 
in dentistry, continuing three years, 
meanwhile pursuing the course of 
study in the dental department of 
Harvard Lniversity, from which he 
was graduated in 1873 with the degree 
of Doctor of Dental Medicine. In 
the same year he located in Newport, 
R. I., where he still continues in the 
busy practice of his profession, after 
more than forty years. 

Dr. Brackett has membership in a 
long list of New England Dental 
Societies, and in nearly all of them 
he has been president. For nine 
years he was president of the Rhode 
Island State Board of Registration in 
Dentistry. He is a member of the 
First District Dental Society of New 
York. He was a member of the 
International Dental Congress in 
London in 1.881 and in Washington 
in 1887, and of the World's Colum- 



282 The Granite Monthly 



IB/* ' ' ,i 

M - ' ■ ' ;\:;-m 

I ■ v 1 

v. m 



■ 



if ■ 1 






■ 



CHARLES A. BRACKETT, D. M. D. 



■i 



Acworth Matters and Men 



283 



bian Dental Congress in Chicago in 
1893. A year after his graduation 
from the Harvard Dental School he 
went back there as a teacher and his 
service there has been continuous 
since. He was instructor in dental 
-therapeutics from 1S74 to 1880; 
assistant professor of dental thera- 
peutics, 1880-83; professor of dental 
pathology and therapeutics, 1883-90, 
and has been professor of dental 
pathology to the present time. 

The community in which Dr. 
Brackett has made his home has 
honored him with many places of 
trust and responsibility. He was for 
years a director in the First National 
Bank of Newport and in the Codding- 
ton Savings Bank, and was influential 
in having both those institutions 
merged with others. He is now a 
director in the Aquidneck National 
Bank, the Newport Trust Company, 
and the Newport and Fall River 
Street Railroad Company. He is a 
trustee of the People's Free Public 
Library and trustee and - consulting 
dental surgeon of the Newport Hos- 
pital. In religion Dr. Brackett is a 
Unitarian, connected with the Chan- 
ning Memorial Church, of which he 
has been a trustee nine years. He is 
a vice-president of the Newport Im- 
provement Association and president 
of the Citizens -Municipal Association. 
A number of years ago he was chair- 
man of a committee which prepared 
for the city a new and unique charter 
which has been largely successful in 
accomplishing the transaction of the 
city's business on business principles, 
and in the elimination of party poli- 
tics from municipal affairs. Under 
that charter he is in the seventh year 
of his service as a member of the 
Representative Council. 

Dr. Brackett was married February 
3, 1886, to Miss Mary Irish Spencer, 
of Newport. They have no children. 

Dr. Brackett had one sister, Laura 
Louisa (/'Louie'"; Brackett, who was 
born April 1, 1854, mid died May 8, 
1877. In addition to her education 
in the local schools she had a course 



in the State Normal School at Ply- 
mouth. Those who were familiar 
with the schools of Acworth and 
Alstead, forty and fifty years ago, 
will remember her as a. bright and 
diligent pupil and a conscientious and 
hard working teacher. Her early death 
appears to have been due in large 
measure to her earnestness in trying 
to do all her part in life faithfully. 

Dr. Brackett is always proud to 
claim New Hampshire as his birth- 
place. To his early life there as a 
farm boy he ascribes much of his 
strong constitution, his continuous 
good health and his ability to work 
hard and constantly. Lempster and 
Acworth, the old associations and the 
old friends, are very dear to him, and 
he is more sorry than he can say that 
through these many years he has 
been able to see so little of them. 



Hon. George W. Anderson 

No native of Acworth has been 
more prominently in the public eye 
for the last few years than George W. 
Anderson, a successful lawyer of Bos- 
ton, Mass., recently appointed upon 
the newly created board of Public 
Service Commissioners for the state 
of Massachusetts, having substan- 
tially the same powers and duties as 
the New Hampshire board of the 
same name. 

George W. Anderson was born on 
the Anderson farm, about three 
fourths of a mile north of Acworth 
Center, September 1, 1861. the son of 
David Campbell and Martha (Brig- 
ham) Anderson. His father was a 
man of sterling character and untiring 
industry, who labored devotedly to 
bring up and educate an ambitious 
family, under the adverse conditions 
then prevailing in our country' com- 
munities. His grandfather, Samuel. 
who setted in Acworth in 1795, mar- 
rind Jane, daughter of David Camp- 
bell of Litchfield, and was a descendant 
in the fifth generation from James 



2S4 



The Granite Monthly 



& 



HON. GEORGE W. ANDERSON 



Ac worth Matters and Men 



28; 



Anderson, one of the first sixteen 
settlers in Londonderry in 1719. 

He received his early training on 
the farm and at the Ac worth village 
school. In the winter of 1878, when 
seventeen years of age, he began 
teaching. His first school was that 
at the south end on Lempster Street. 
His pay was S4 a week and he 
''boarded around/ 1 The next fall 
he entered Kimball Union Academy 
at Meriden. During that winter he 
taught again, ''boarding around," 
in the French district, in Plainfield. 
In the fall of 1880 he entered Gushing 
Academy at Ashburnham, graduating 
therefrom at the head of his class in 
1882, having taught in'Rutland, Mass., 
and in Marlborough, X. H., three 
terms of school in that time. He 
graduated from Williams College in 
1886 with honors; was principal of the 
Springfield High School for one year 
and of the Alt. Pleasant Grammar 
School in Nashua. X. H., for two 
years. He graduated from the Boston 
University Law School in- 1890 with 
honors. For six years he was a 
partner of George Fred Williams, 
then in Congress and active in poli- 
tics, and because of Mr. Williams' 
absence was plunged immediately 
into the trial of important cases. In 
1893 he was of counsel for the City 
of Boston in the Bay State gas inves- 
tigation, which marked the beginning 
of a long and varied experience in con- 
nection with public service cor- 
porations and proper and just rates 
therefor. He served on the Boston 
School Committee from 1895 to 
1900; has been counsel at various 
times for the cities of Boston, New 
Bedford, Salem, Haverhill and Bev- 
erly, and has been an active mem- 
ber of the Public Franchise League for 
many years. He took a prominent 
part in putting through the Legisla- 
ture the Sliding-scale Bill under which 
peace has been established between 
the Boston Consolidated Gas Com- 
pany and its users, the company be- 
ing permitted to pay higher dividends, 
as by efficient management it gives 



the public lower gas rates. In 1911 
and 1912 he was a candidate for at- 
torney general on the Democratic 
state ticket and received a large vote. 
He was appointed by Governor Foss 
one of the two new members of the 
Public Service Commission provided 
for at the recent session of the Massa- 
chusetts Legislature. This commis- 
sion takes the place of the former 
Railroad Commission, with greatly 
increased powers and two additional 
members, and has jurisdiction, not 
only over railroads, railways, and 
steamships, but telephones and tele- 
graphs, together with any incidental 
transportation facilities. This com- 
mission has broad and inclusive powers 
to regulate and control public utilities, 
and is certain to be an important 
factor in the development and control 
of the railroads in Xew England. 

Mr. Anderson has been, married 
twice. His first wife was Minnie E. 
Mitchell of Mason, X T . H., a daughter 
of Levi W. Mitchell who was a native 
of Acworth. She died in 1906, leaving 
three children, a daughter now 15 
years of age, and two sons, 13 and 11 
years respectively. Subsequently Mr. 
Anderson was married to Airs. Addie 
E. Kenerson, the widow of one of his 
most intimate friends, Austin E. Ken- 
erson of Ginn & Companv. 



Hon. Herbert D. Ryder 

Among the most prominent sons of 
Acworth now engaged in professional 
life, or in public service is Herbert 
Daniel Ryder, of Bellows Falls, Vt., 
who was born in Acworth, November 
12. 1850, the son of Daniel Anderson 
and Elizabeth (Brigham) Ryder. His 
father was a substantial farmer, a 
native of Croydon, born at the "Ryder 
Corner" in the southeast part of that 
town, who had settled in Acworth not 
long before his birth, his mother 
being a member of the Brigham 
family of that town, and a descendant 
of Thomas Brigham a Puritan who 
settled in Marlboro, Mass., in 1635. 



286 



The Granite Monthly 



HON. HERBERT D. RYDER 



Ac worth Matters and Men 



28- 



His great grandfather, of the same 
name, was a soldier of the Revolution 
His mother aLo traces her descent 
from a Seoteh-Irish family named 
Duncan, whose ancestors participated 
in the siege of Londonderry in 16SS. 
There is also a strain of Scotch-Irish 
blood on his father's side. 

Mr. Ryder attended the district 
schools in Acworth, fitted for college 
at Oberlin, Ohio, and New London, 
X. H., and graduated from Dartmouth 
in 1876. He served for three years as 
principal of the high school at Spring- 
'field, Vt., when, having decided to 
take up the profession of law, he pur- 
sued the study thereof in the offices 
of Judge David Cross, and Lion. 
Henry E. Burnham (later U. S 
Senator) of Manchester, and of J. W 
Pierce of Springfield. Vt. He was 
admitted to the bar in 18S0, and com- 
menced practice .in Springfield, but 
a year later removed to Bellows Falls, 
where he became principal of the high 
school, continuing till 1SS7, when he 
became a member of the manufac- 
turing firm of Derby & Ball, of which 
he has been the manager for some 
years past; but in 1890 resumed the 
practice of law, which he has also con- 
tinued" to the present time, with 
marked success. 

A Republican in politics, he has 
been active and prominent in public 
affairs. He was chairman of the Bel- 
lows Falls board of bailiffs from 1S93 
to 1895; deputy collector of internal 
revenue from 1897 to 1904, States 
Attorney for Windham County, 1904- 
6, and presidential elector in 1908. 
He is a member of the Vermont legis- 
lature, was chairman of the LTouse 
Judiciary Committee, and floor leader 
at the last session, taking a conspicu- 
ous part in the work of that body. 
He has also been active and interested 
in educational affairs. He has been 
examiner of schools for Windham 
County for over twenty years; was 
superintendent of schools in Bellows 
Falls from 1890 to 1897, and has been 
chairman of the school board of the 
town of Rockingham since 1889. He 



is now a member of the Vermont State 
Board of Education— a board es- 
tablished under a reformatory law 
which he was instrumental in having 
passed at the last session of the legis- 
lature, of which he is also secretary 
and treasurer. He is a Congrega- 
tipnalist in religion, a Mason, Odd 
Fellow, Patron of Husbandry, and 
a member of the Westminster and 
Bonheur Clubs. 



Col. James A. Wood 

Among the leading citizens of Ac- 
worth, for many years, and one of the 
most widely known men in the State, 
was James Amasa Wood, who was 
born on the old homestead in East 
Alstead, May 24, 1832, and died at 
his summer home in Hancock. May 
19, 1905. He was the fifth child of 
Amasa and Polly Miller (Huntley) 
Wood, and his early life was passed on 
a farm, from which he reaped excel- 
lent health, and though his work was 
hard, and opportunities in the coun- 
try few in those days, he secured a 
good education, and fitted himself for 
a useful career. 

He was best known throughout the 
state among the people in general by 
his connection with the Republican 
Press Association of Concord, as 
general agent for the Concord Daily 
Monitor and the weekly Independent 
Stedesman, which continued eighteen 
years. This work took him into all 
sections and brought him into con- 
tact with almost everybody in the 
state. 

He was an assistant marshal in the 
taking of the census of 1870 in Ac- 
worth, Lempster and Washington. 
In 1875 he was appointed aid-de-camp 
with the rank of colonel, on the staff 
of Governor Cheney, and the same 
year was elected representative in 
the state legislature from Acworth, 
and again two years later. He was 
moderator of his town meetings for 
eighteen years, and was also a select- 
man, and postmaster at South Ac- 



2SS 



The Granite Monthly 



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COL. JAMES A. WOOD 



Acworth Matters and Men 



worth for eleven years. He continued 
his legal resilience in Acworth, and the 
old home at South Acworth still re- 
mains in the family possession. 

He compiled and published a hook 
entitled "New Hampshire Homes," 
a subject in which he was greatly in- 
terested; he also compiled and pub- 
lished, later, a complete family his- 
tory, under the title, "Descendants 
of John and Benjamin Wood," and 
these volumes gave evidence of his 
literary ability, and appreciation of 
his state and family name. These 



eago, in 1880, and a delegate-at- 

large in the republican national con- 
vention in St. Louis in 1896. 

Colonel Wood was twice married. 
His first wife was May Elizabeth 
Bowers, the daughter of James and 
Nancy Symonds Bowers of Acworth, 
their wedding being November 30, 
1854. Her death occurred in South 
Acworth, August 20, 18SS. On June 
3. 1891, Colonel Wood married Mrs. 
Helen Elizabeth Davis, who died a 
few years ago. The children living 
are Mrs. Edward W. Perkins of Man- 



James A. Wood Homestead, South Acworth 



SI 



works were characteristically thor- 
ough and accurate. 

Colonel Wood was appointed Col- 
lector of Internal Revenue for the 
District of Xew Hampshire, com- 
prising the states of Maine, Xew 
Hampshire and Vermont, November 
8, 1897, by President McKinley, he 
having previous!}' served as consul 
at Sherbrooke, P. Q., for over three 
years, by appointment of President 
Harrison, March 14, 1890. Pie was 
messenger to carry the presidential 
vote of Xew Hampshire to Washing- 
ton in 1884; was alternate delegate 
in the republican convention, Chi- 



chester; and George A. Wood, Chief 
Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue 
at the district headquarters in Ports- 
mouth. 

The testimony of all who knew 
Colonel Wood is that he was a fine 
man. He was absolutely honest in 
his statements, and in his business 
affairs; frank, courteous and gener- 
ous. He retired as Collector of In- 
ternal Revenue, July 1, 1904. This 
was his last public service. 

George A. Wood 
George A. Wood son of Col. James 
A. and May E. (Bowers) Wood, was 



290 The Granite Monthly 






GEORGE A. WOOD 



Ac worth Matter* and Men 



291 



born in South Acworth, August 24, 
1S62. When about fifteen years of 
age. he suffered an attack of spinal 
meningitis, and during the long con- 
valescence and while he was deprived 
of the many sports common to boys 
of that age, his father purchased a 
small printing press in order that he 
might be employed in some pleasant 
occupation. In this work he took 
great interest and with pride and de- 
light printed handbills, notices and 
circulars, not alone for his own 
pleasure, but in the benefit of church 
fairs and the village generally. This 
experience was of great value to him 
in later years, when called to a posi- 
tion in which a knowledge of printing 
proved most advantageous. 

After his recovery he finished the 
courses at the local high school and 
went to Vermont Academy, which 
was then in its most prosperous days, 
and had such men as Horace Mann 
Miller, D. YV. Abercrombie and 
Charles Lazell in the teaching force. 
Subsequently he attended, a business 
college, and afterward, in 1S83. re- 
ceived an appointment in the Rail- 
way Mail Service, in which he con- 
tinued, enjoying several promotions, 
until 1898, when he entered the In- 
ternal Revenue service as Chief Dep- 
uty Collector, for the District of New 
Hampshire, comprising the states of 
Maine, New Hampshire and Ver- 
mont. 

In 1896, Mr. Wood was elected 
president of the First Division of the 
National Association of Railway 
Postal Clerks, an organization of 
postal employees, and as such repre- 
sented his division at the national 
convention. The following year he 
was elected National Secretary of the 
organization, and immediately begun 
to organize a mutual accident in- 
surance department. This proved to 
be most successful and was incor- 
porated in New Hampshire, where it- 
has, under Mr. Wood's direction, 
grown to include a very large per- 



centage of all the clerks in the service 
comprizing not only those doing 
road duty, but also the office iorve<. 
In connection with this office, Mr. 
Wood was also for many years editor 
of the official magazine, which was 
considered a model of its kind. For 
several years, after the United States 
Government insisted upon bonds from 
the men in the Railway Mail Service, 
the entire work, of bonding the men 
was operated from Mr. .Wood's 
office. 

During the present year, Mr. Wood 
finds himself interestedinothermatters 
and has relinquished connection with 
the Association, and the insurance 
department, which he had built up, 
practically unaided, and left to his 
successor one of the best organized 
and best managed businesses in the 
state. Pie remains Chief Deputy 
Collector for the New Hampshire In- 
ternal Revenue District, and has 
served in the voluntary association 
of internal revenue employees as di- 
rector and vice-president. 

In early life Mr. Wood was married 
to Mary I. Stevens, and of this union 
four children were born: Helen 
Margaret, who was married in Feb- 
ruary, 1909, to Mr. Gordon M. 
Campbell, superintendent of the 
Western Electric Works at Haw- 
thorne, 111.; Albert James, engaged 
in the administrative department of 
the W r estern Electric Company at 
Chicago; Mary Elizabeth, at present- 
teaching in a Massachusetts high 
school; and Keith Ainsworth, a mem- 
ber of the class of 1913, Dartmouth. 

In the cities where Mr. Wood has 
lived he has occupied many positions 
of confidence and honor He has been 
president and secretary, respectively 
of the Sagamore Club in Medford, 
Mass.; of the Unitarian Club, the 
Warwick Club, the Paul Jones Club, 
the Portsmouth Improvement So- 
ciety, the Associates Land Company, 
etc., of Portsmouth, and has served 
as an alderman in the Portsmouth 
City government. 



292 



The Cra n He M o n th ly 




Acworth Matters end Men 



293 



Dr. Charles E. Woodbury 

Charles Edward Woodbury, M.D., 
eldest son of Capt. Charles M. and 
Louisa Graham (Currier) Woodbury, 
was born in Acworth, November 1, 
1S95. He prepared for college at 
Kimball Union Academy, Meriden, 
and graduated from Dartmouth in 
the class of 1870. He took up the 
study of medicine and graduated 
M.D. from the Medical Department 
of the University of the City of New 
York in 1873. He was Assistant Phy- 
sician at the New Hampshire Hospi- 
tal for the Insane at Concord in 1873, 
at the McLean Hospital, Waverly, 
Mass., 1879 to 1878; Bloorningdale 
Asylum, New York. 1*881-2; Superin- 
tendent Rhode Island State Hospital 
1891-9 and Superintendent of the 
Massachusetts State Hospital at Fox- 
boro, from 1899 to 1908. He is a 
Democrat in politics and an Epis- 
copalian in religion, and a Knight 
Templar. He is a member of the 
Boston Society of Psychiatry and 
Neurology, of the American Medico- 
Psychological Association, and the 
Rhode Island Medical Society. He 
has been of late retired from practice 
and living at the old homestead in 
Acworth. He married. October 13, 
1880, Ella Diana Ordway, at Chelsea, 
Vt. Of their three children two are 
married and reside in Greater Boston, 
while Miss Ruth is musical instructor 
in the New Mexico State Institute for 
the Blind. Dr. Woodbury is himself 
a fine musician, directs the church 
choir and has always had charge of the 
music on "Old Home Day," in the 
observance of which he has always 
been a leading spirit. 



Hon. A. Dean Keyes 

^ Among the many men furnished by 
New Hampshire to the great north- 
west, who have won success and dis- 
tinction in the legal profession was 
Adson Dean Keyes, a native of 
Acworth, son of Adna Keyes, long 
a leading farmer on the eastern border 



of the town, near "Keyes Hollow," 
and later a resident of lite village of 
South Acworth. born October 22, 
1842. and a graduate of Dartmouth 
College of the class of 1872. He had 
located at Earibault, Minn., the year 
before his graduation, seeking a change 
of climate for the benefit of his health. 
There he studied law with Hon. Gor- 
don E. Cole; wa.-^ admitted to the bar 
in November, 1873, and continued in 
practice up to the time of his death, 
February 21, 1904. He had an ex- 



&S&&^$&y-4C: 






lion. A. Dean Keyes 

tensive general practice, was attorney 
for various corporations, and for the 
last two years of his life was one of 
the lecturers in the law department of 
the University of Minnesota. He was 
active in public life as a Republican, 
serving in the Minnesota legislature 
in 1887 and 1888. He also served 
one term as mayor of Faribault, was 
for a time city solicitor and also pros- 
ecuting attorney for Rice Count}'. 
He was also, for ten years, a member 
of the board of education, and a 
member of the board of directors of 
the public library. 



294 



The Granite Monthly 



He was a Congregationalist and a 
Master and Royal Arch Mason. 
Knight Templar and Shriner. His 
funeral was under Masonic auspices, 
Faribault Commandery, K. T., per- 
forming escort duty, and business 
places generally throughout the city 
being closed during the funeral hour. 

Shortly before his death he estab- 
lished a $4,000 scholarship in the 



Ashtgn E. Hemphill, Pit. G. 
A prominent member of the Ac- 
worth colony in the enterprising city 
of Ilolyoke, Mass., is Ashton Efastus 
Hemphill, second son of Freeland 
and Lydia (McKeen) Hemphill, born 
September 17, 1S19. He comes of 
Scotch-Irish ancestry on both sides, 
his mother's emigrant ancestor being 
one of the first settlers of London- 



*/* 






. -■ „ :J^.1.-k Hsf iii^mti^t-^ . _, . .■■•.A'i 



Ashton E. Hemphill 



Shattuck School, a military academy 
at Faribault; and by his will he also 
provided for scholarships at Dart- 
mouth College and Carleton College, 
at Nortkfield, Minn., each to aid 
indigent worthy students intending 
to make the practice of law their 
profession — the interest, when once 
used and returned, to be added to the 
principal and become a part of the 
fund. These were given in the name 
of his wife, who died October 15, 1901. 



derry. His time in boyhood was divi- 
ded between farm work and the dis- 
trict school. Later he attended select 
school in Acworth and the Walpole 
Academy. Shortly after coming of 
age, in April, 1871, he went to 
Holyoke to learn the drug business, 
where he was employed till the autumn 
of 1875, when he went to Boston 
where he was connected for two years 
with prominent drug houses, and dur- 
ing such time he pursued a course 



Ac worth Matters and Men 



295 



in the Massachusetts College of Phar- 
macy, where he was graduated in 
1ST 6. Returning; to Hoi yoke he was 
employed as a pharmacist by leading 
firms till 1882, when he engaged 
in the storage warehouse business, in 
which he has continued, and is also a 
stockholder in various corporations. 
Mr. Hemphill has been active in 
Republican politics, and served three 
years in the Massachusetts legisla- 
ture—in 1881, 1885, and 1898, holding 
important committee places and tak- 
ing an active part in legislation. He 
has been chairman of the Republican 
city committee for many years, and 
a member of the state committee; 
was secretary of the Harrison and 
Morton Club and chairman of the 
executive committee of the MeKinley 
and Hobart Club. He was also long 
chairman of the board of registration, 
and a member of the local board of 
civil service examiners. He has long- 
been active and prominent in Y. M. 
C. A. work, in city and state; also in 
the Holyoke Board of Trade in which 
he is chairman of the legislation com- 
mittee. He is deeply interested in 
forest preservation and the improve- 
ment of water transportation and is 
at present secretary and director of 
the Connecticut Valley Waterways 
Association. He is also secretary and 
director of the Holyoke Association 
for the Prevention and Relief of 
Tuberculosis. He is a Congrega- 
tionalism a member of the Home 
Market Club and of the Bay State 
Club of Holyoke. 



Dr. Carl A. Allen 

Carl A. Allen. M. D., who practiced 
medicine in Acworth from 1874 till 
1890, and was for ten years superin- 
tendent of schools in that town and 
held a high place in popular esteem is 
a native of the town of Lempster a 
son of Stephen and descendant of 
James Allen, who came from England 
and settled in Medheld, Mass., in 
164G. He was educated at Marlow, 



Tubhs Union (Washington") and Kim- 
ball Union Academies, the Bowdoin 
College Medical School and the Long- 
Island College Hospital, graduating 
from the latter in 1874 and immedi- 
ately commencing practice in Acworth. 
He removed to Holyoke, Mass., in 
1890, where he lias continued in 
practice with eminent success. He 
is a member of the New Hampshire 
and Massachusetts Medical Societies 
of the Connecticut Valley Medical 
Association, President of the Hoi- 



../ 






"-^_ ^ 

Dr. Carl A. Allen 



yoke Medical Association, the Hamp- 
den County Medical Society, the 
Holyoke Association for the Preven- 
tion and Relief of Tuberculosis, and 
a member of the staff of the Holyoke 
City hospital. He married, first, 
Sophia E. Stearns of Lebanon, who 
died, leaving three sons and a daugh- 
ter, the sons well established in life 
and the daughter a graduate of Mt. 
Holyoke College. His present wife, 
by whom he has two sons, was Hat tie 
M. Murdough of Acworth. 

While pursuing his studies Dr. 
Allen taught school a number of 
terms, and was for two years superin- 
tendent of schools in his native town, 



296 



The Granite .Monthly 



for which, as well as Ac worth, he 
cherishes a strong' affection. Years 
ago he established a summer home 
"Gamp Echo" on the shore of Echo 



entered Howard Medical College, 
from which he. received his degree of 
M. D. in 1907. After a two years' 
course in Boston City Hospital and 
three summers spent on the Boston 
Floating Hospital, he settled in Hol- 
voke, in company with his father, Dr. 
C. A. Allen. 

In June, 1910, he married Harriett 
F. Ives of Lowell, Mass. They have 
one son, Fred Harold, Jr. 



>•?. ■.?>;-_••-;; ;_i 



Dr. Oscar C. Young 



Lake, near the place of his birth, where 
his yearly vacations are passed. 



Dr. Fred H. Allen 

Fred Harold Allen, M. D., who 
presided at the recent "Old Home 
Day" celebration in Acworth, was 
born in that town, April 4, 18S0, and 
received his early education in the 
Acworth schools. 

At ten years of age he moved to 
Holyoke. Mass., with his parents and 
took the usual studies in the Holyoke 
grammar and high school, graduating 
from the latter in 1898. He entered 
Amherst College the same year, 
taking his degree of B. A. from that 
college in 1902. While in college he 
won first prize in English literature. 

After graduating from Amherst, he 
spent a year in Germany; and then 



Dr. Oscar C. Young. 

Oscar C. Young, M. D., son of 
George W. and Sail}' A. (Cummings) 
Young was born on Gront Hill. 
September 17, 1869; was educated in 
the public schools and at the Moody 
Institute, Mount Hermon, Mass., 
and graduated from the medical de- 
partment of the Lmiversity of Ver- 
mont in 1894, ranking fourth in a 
class of sixty, and receiving a special 
diploma of honor. Immediately after 
graduation he commenced practice 
in the town of Charlestown where he 
has continued, gaining an extended 
practice. He has taken a lively in- 
terest in town affairs, serving on the 
water commission and the board of 
health and was chosen as delegate 
from Charlestown to the Consti- 
tutional Convention of 1912, though 
a Democrat while the town is ordi- 
narily Republican, and took a promi- 
nent part in the work of the Conven- 
tion. He is a Unitarian in religion, a 
Patron of Husbandry and an active 
member of the County and State 
Medical societies. He married, first, 
Lola E. Smith of Charlestown, who 
died in 1908, leaving one son now 14 
years of age; second, in 1911, Blanche 
L. Eggleston. 



Frank Arthur Metcalf. 

Frank Arthur Metcalf, son of 
Frank M. and Emma (Mitchell) Met- 



Acwotih Matters and Men 



297 



calf, a native of Ac worth and a gradu- 
ate of Dartmouth College of the class 
of 1900, entered the employ of the 
publishing house of King. Richardson 
& Co., of Springfield, Mass.. immedi- 
ately upon graduation, having pre- 
viously canvassed for that firm and 
taught school as a means of meeting 
his college expenses. He was with the 
firm several years, took an interest in 
the Home Correspondence School, 
which it conducted as one of the 
branches of its business and finally be- 
came, and now continues, the pro- 
prietor of the same, laboring with 
untiring industry to build it up and 
extend its work, till it has come to be 
one of the most prosperous institu- 
tions of the kind in the country, with 
a large corps of able instructors and 
thousands of enrolled students all over 
the country and in all quarters of the 
globe. 









\ 1 



Frank Arthur Metcalf 



MID SIMMER 

By Mary Alice Dwyre 

The grasshopper chirps in the meadow, 

And the bobolink trills on the hill; 
The season's too late for the cowslip 

And the airy daffodil; 
But the jewel-weed flaunts its colors 

From, the brookside, at its will, 
And here and there, a daisy 

Holds its golden color still. 
The fields are stripped of their hay-cropi 

And sheaves of golden grain 
Kise and fall with the breezes light, 

And bow their heads again, 
As the darkening clouds, far overhead, 

Foretell the approach of rain. 



AS YEARS GO ON 

By Georgia na Rogers 

As the years increase so does your curiosity; 

As time grows less so does your generosity. 

We attend to our affairs with less regularity. 

Then comes — with no impossibility — immortality. 



m 



A FEW LITTLE THINGS 

By Cyrus A. Stone 

A little waking with the opening day, 

A little walk in groves and garden bowers, 
A little idle wandering far astray, 

Where sparkling dewdrops kiss the wayside flowers. 

A little heartfelt wish to live and learn, 

To find sweet peace in hours of storm and strife ; 

A little wealth of wisdom to discern 

The aim, the meaning and the end of life. 

A little purpose to be just and true, 

In every pending struggle for the right; 
To do whatever loyal hands may do, 
'■ •-. -. With calm devotion and resistless might. 

Perhaps a little dream of lasting fame 

Won by brave deeds in Freedom's cause sublime: 

The bright effulgence of a stainless name, 
Undimmed by the corroding years of time. 

A little shadow creeping o'er the lawn, 
A little day grown sombre sad and chill, 

A coming night that knows no earthly morn. 
A little flower-strown grave on yonder hill. 

A little spirit, safe beyond the bars 

That mark the boundary of the world to be, 

Still faring onward, lighted by i he stars 
Up to the gateway of eternity. 

A little bitter mourning for the lost, 
A fleeting vision of the unknown land, 

A cheering hope, when time's dark surge is crossed. 
Of a glad greeting on the golden strand. 

What more than this in any human creed — 

What more could thought devise or tongue foretell? 

Life's little jourue}" ends with every need 
Supplied by One who doeth all things well. 



CHARITY 

By Moses Gage Shirley 

The cloak of Charity should fall 
On every one we know, 

As softly as to earth comes down 
The newly fallen snow. 



THE BACK RIVER DISTRICT, DOVER, N. H. 

The Drew Garrison 



By John Scales, A. M 



Hilton's Point, now known as 
Dover Point, was settled in the spring 
of 1623; Dover Neck began to be 
settled in the fall oi 1633; Back River 
District in 1642. Hilton's Point is 
about a mile below the mouth of 
Back River, at Royal's Cove. Dover 
Neck is on the eastern side of Back 
River and . the western side of Fore 
River (Newiehawaimiek is the Indian 
name). The Back River District is 



The oldest record of the town of 
Dover, now in existence, was recorded 
by the town clerk, William Walderne, 
on a piece of paper, in 1642. and that 
paper was copied into the earliest 
record book now extant, by "William 
Pomfrett, who was chosen clerk in 
1647, and served nearly a quarter 
of a century. There were record 
books before this one, which is marked 
on the cover "No. 7/' but thev have 









4y*-..i 



±--f. .-•..*£ > '■'■•■•>■ -^ 



The Drew Garrison, Dover, N. H. 



one of the best farm land sections of 
the town or the State, and the dwellers 
therein have always been among the 
best citizens of the town. And their 
sons and daughters who emigrated 
from there have made good records, 
near and far. 

The Drew garrison house is at the 
west end of a 20-acre lot, which, in 
turn, is at the west end of 20-acre lot 
number 14. These lots are 40 rods 
wide and 80 rods long. I will now 
explain the history of the 20-acre lots. 



all been lost. Perhaps someone de- 
stroyed them to prevent their being 
used in the land lawsuits which the 
Mason heirs brought against the large 
land owners in Dover. Town Clerk 
Pomfrett was a party interested in 
having the contents of that piece of 
paper preserved, hence he recorded it 
in the first book he kept. It reads 
and spells as follows : 

The west sied of ye Back Reuer or ouer 
-ye Back Riuer 

A Record of ve 20 Ackes loets as iheay 



m 



300 



Th c Gra n ite Month I u 



waer in order given and laved out to ye in- 

habetance hoes nanus are here under men- 
shened with the nomher of the loet to each 
pertickler man. As it was fbwned Recorded 
by William Walden in a Pec of paper in ye 
yeir (16)42, wieli lots ar in Breadth at ye 
water sied 40 poell and in lenketh SO poll 
up into ye woods. 

Names 
Thomas Roberis. 1 Richard Roggers. 2 

Henry Tebbet s. 3 Mr. Larkham . 4 

Edward Oolcord, o George Webe. 6 

JohnTuttie, 7 ' William Story, S 

Barthey Smeg, 9 John Ugrove," 10 

John Dam, 11 

William Pomfrett, 12. This 12th lott is ex- 
changed with Dea. Dam for ve 17th lott. 
Wm. Hilton, St., 13 Edward Starback, 14 
Samewell Haynes; 15. This loth lott was 
Resined to John Hill, and by him sold unto 
Wm. ffollett as was acknowledged. 
Robert Huggins, 1G 

John Crosse. 17. This 17th Lott is Ex- 
changed by John Dam with Lt Pomfret for 
ve 12th Lott. 

Thomas Lavton, 18 John Hall, 19 
Hatabell Nutter; 20 Henrv Beck, 21 
John Westell. 22 No name, 23 

Richard Pinkham. 24 

Bear in mind these on the river 
bank were 40 rods in width and 80 
rods in depth: as there were 24 lots, 
the distance from Royal's Cove, at 
the mouth of Back River was three 
miles to lot No. 24, close to the head 
of tide water where Back River begins 
and Bellamy River ends, or empties 
into it. 

Soon after the grants were awarded 
the owners began trading and ex- 
changing. Deacon John Dam (who 
was not deacon until 30 years later), 
who drew No. 11, soon received Xo. 
12 from his father-in-law, William 
Pomfret, the town clerk. And in 
1656 Deacon Dam bought lot Xo. 13, 
so he then owned Xos. 11, 12 and 13 
and he settled his son, William Dam, 
on the land, when he became of suit- 
able age; his other son, John, was 
located on the east shore of Little 
Bay, which to this day bears the 
name, Dame's Point. 

William Dam was born 14 October, 
1653; his wife was Martha Xute, 
also born in 1653. She was daughter 
of James, who owned the lots next 
south of Deacon John Dam's. They 
were married about 1679. He prob- 



ably had been living on his father's 
land there three or four years before 
marriage and had built a garrison 
house, as the Indians were getting 
to be troublesome. Anyhow he had 
a garrison, as the Provincial records 
show. It stood where the Daniel 
Twombly house now stands, now 
owned by James Wiggin, half way 
between the Xute and the Rounds 
places. It was built before this Drew 
garrison and was contemporary with 
it. It was in that garrison that Wil- 
liam Dam's six children were born, 
the eldest, Pomfret. 4 March, 1681, 
and the youngest. Lear. 17 March, 
1695. The fourth child was Samuel, 
born 21 March, 16S9. When a 
young man he settled in the District 
of Maine, and his descendants to this 
day preserve the ancient spelling of 
the name — Dam. The Xute and 
Dam families have a common bury- 
ing ground on the bank of Back River, 
where I have seen three headstones 
with inscriptions, and others without 
name. These are the graves of James 
Xute, founder of the Xute family in 
America, Martha Dam and her hus- 
band, William Dam. 

It was before 1648 that James Xute 
bought lots Xo. 9 and 10 from the 
grantees, John Ugrove and Barthey 
Smeg. And much, if not all, of that 
land is now owned by the Xute family, 
his descendants, having remained in 
the name 265 years; the present owner 
is Thomas Herbert Xute. 

In Volume 17 of the Provincial 
Papers are the following references 
to the Dam garrison. From 7 Janu- 
ary to 6 February, 1695, it says John 
Cross served as one of the guards, 
at Will. Dam's garrison; from 12 
May to 8 June, 1695.. John Bickford 
was watchman; from 4 Xovember to 
5 December, 1695, John Tucker and 
John Miller were guardsmen; from 
5 December, 1695 to 7 January, 1696, 
Ephraim Jackson was the special 
soldier on duty. That period was 
very perilous, and no man or crew of 
men dared to go to the fields or the 
woods to work without carrvin" their 



The Back River District, Dover, X. II. 



301 



loaded guns for use in defending their 
lives, in case the Indians should make 
a sudden attack on them from an 
ambush in the woods. 

So much for the Dam garrison. 
I will now take up the consideration 
of the Drew garrison and show to you 
that, beyond reasonable doubt, it 
was built by John Drew, Si\, in IG9S, 
and stands on the west end of a 20- 
acre lot, which is west of 20-acre lot 
No. 14, which is north of the Dam lot 
No. 13, which I have been talking 
about. I will first give you the evi- 
dence by quoting the deeds of land 
purchases made by John Drew, Sr., 
between 16S0 and 1702. 

The Drew Garrison, Deeds 

1680, June 25. ''William nollett 
and Elizabeth his wife, for and in 
consideration of a valuable sum of 
money to us well and truly paid by 
the hand of our beloved son, John 
Drew & for other causes us thereunto 
moving, have given, granted and sold/' 
etc., "a certain tract or Parcell of 
Land containing- Twentie A'kers Scitu- 
ate on ye West Side of ye back Riuer, 
being ye fifteenth Lott in ye Number 
of ye Lotts as it doth appear by Douer 
Records," etc. — Recorded February 
2, 1719. 

1696, May 11. "I William Brack? 
ston of ye Towne of Douer in ye 
Prouince of New Hampshire, Planter 
sendeth Greeting" . . . "for Twentie 
two Pounds of currant and lawful 
money," etc. . . . "delivered by ye 
hand of John Drew of ye Town and 
Prouince aforesaid, .Cooper, " etc. . . 
"give, grant, sell," etc. . . . "a cer- 
tain tract or Parcell of land contain- 
ing twentie Acres w th ye Appurte- 
nances belonging to it, Scituate lying 
and being on ye West Side of ye Back 
Riuer in ye Town of Douer, and is ye 
fourteenth Lott in ye Number of 
ye Twentie Acre Lotxs, and is thirty 
eight rods wide by ye water side and 
four score and four rods West North 
West into ye woods, bounded on ye 
south side by Joseph Tibbetts. on ye 
East by ye River, on ye North on ye 



high way, on ye Weston ve Commons," 
etc. 

his 

"William X Brackstox 

mark 

her 
"Abigail X Brackston" 
mark 

Recorded December 28, 1699. 

1697, August 16. "Zachariah Pit- 
man" sold to "John Drew" twenty 
acres granted to him by the town of 
Dover in 1694 "lying and being in 
ye Dry Pines between Jno. Knight's 
and Zachariah fheld's land." This 
was in the neighborhood of Field's 
garrison. — Recorded December 29, 
] 699. 

1698, May 6. Thomas Austin sold 
to John Drew, both of Dover, "a 
certain Tract or Parcell of Land con- 
taining Twentie Acres, lying & being 
on ye West Side of ye Back Riuer, as 
it was laid out above ye Lott of land 
granted to Elder Starbuck, which 
Twentie Acre Lott is ye fourteenth 
in Number of Lotts all of w ch Twentie 
Acres of land as it was laid out and 
bounded by ye lot layers of ye Town 
of Douer as will appear on Douer 
Records," etc. — Recorded December 
31, 1699. 

1699, March 16. Abraham Newt 
sold to John Drew "for and in con- 
sideration of a house to me in hand 
delivered by ye hand of Jno Drew of 
ye Town and Province -aforesaid 
Scituate on ye West side on Douer 
Neck," etc., "a certain tract or par- 
cell of Marsh and flatts scituate on 
ye East side of ye Back River, adja- 
cent to Partridge Point and so down 
by ye Back River side three score 
and two Rods, or poles, to Sandie hill, 
all which Marsh and flatts," etc., 
he sells to Drew for the house on 
Dover Neck. — Recorded December 
29, 1699. 

1698, June 6. "I Robert Huckins, 
ye Eldest son and Heir of James 
Huckins, ye only son and successor 
of Robert Huckins, sometime of Douer 



302 



The Granite Monthly 



in ye Province of New Hampshire 
deceased,' 7 etc., sold to John Drew 
for fourteen pounds, "a certain 
Tract or parcel! of land containing 
twentie acres, granted to my grand- 
father Robert Huckins by ye Towne 
of Doner in ye year 1642, Scituate 
on ye West side of Back Riuer, being 
ye Sixteenth Lott in ye Nomber of 
Lotts, bounded on ye East by ye 
River; on ye South by Jno Drew his 
land; on ye North by Thomas White- 
house his land; on ye West by ye 
Commons; all wch twentie Acres of 
land are as it was laid out and bounded 
by ye lot-lav ers of ye Town of Dover, " 
etc.— Recorded January 1, 1699-1700. 

1700, Julv 6. John Drew and wife, 
"Sara," sold to Jospeh Tibbetts of 
Dover, "a Sertain tract or parcell of 
land Scituate on ye West side of ye 
Back River, being part of twentie 
Aker Lott bought of Thomas Austin, 7 ' 
and located ''at ye south west of 
Drew's land and the Commons. 77 

1700, Dec. 7. John Drew, Sr., 
bought of Joshua Wingate of Hamp- 
ton, son of John Wingate of Dover, 
deceased, "a Sertain tract or Parcell 
of Land Scituate on ye West side of 
ye Back Riuer Containeinge Twentie 
Akers, wch said Land my father, John 
Wingett, Deceased, formerly bought 
of Ralfe Haull, and is lyinge and 
beinge betwene a Twentie Aker Lott 
laide oute to my father and ye Hed 
of ye said twentie Acre Lottes border- 
inge on ye northe west on ye aforesaid 
Lotts laid out to my father, Jno. 
Wingett, and on ye South weste by ye 
Commons, and on ye South Este on 
ye Commons, and on ye North Este 
on a Lott of Land now in ye Tenure 
and occupation of ye aforesaid Jno. 
Drew; all which twentie acres of land 
were laide oute and bounded by ye 
Lott layers of ye Towne of Douer, 77 
etc. 

1701-2, Febr. 5. John Drew, Sr., 
bought of Pomfrett Whitehouse, 
grandson of William Pomfrett, lot 
No. 17. 

1702, June 16. John Drew, Sr., 
bought of " Israeli Hogsdon 77 and 



Ann, his wife, twenty acres of land 
granted him in 1658 V)}' the town of 
Dover "scituate and beinge on ye 
Weste side of ye Back Riuer, border- 
ing on- ye north by a twentie acre 
Lott laide oute att ye same time to 
John Roberts, and betwene itt and 
Ralfe Hall his twentie acre Lott, above 
ye hed of ye old twentie acre Lotts on 
ye Weste side of ye Back River,' 7 etc. 

1705, May 26\ John Drew, Sr., 
bought of Richard Paine and Sarah, 
his wife, of Boston, twenty acres of 
land with marsh and flatts. 

1705-6, March 1. John Drew, Sr., 
"Cooper," bought of Israel Hogsdon, 
"Carpender," a "piece of salt marsh 
and thatch ground, 7 ' lying and being 
on the west side of Back River adja- 
cent to Drew's land. 

1st. William Follett and his wife 
Elizabeth gave to their "beloved son, 
John Drew, 77 lot No. 15, on Back 
River, 25 June, 16S0. 

2d ; May 11, 1696, Mr. Drew bought 
of William Brackston of Dover, lot 
No. 14. 

3d. May 6, 169S, Mr. Drew bought 
of Thomas Austin of Dover, 20 acres 
west of lot No. 14, and that is the 
land on which the garrison stands. 

4th. June 18, 169S, Mr. Drew 
bought of Robert LIuckins of Oyster 
River, lot No. 16. 

5th. February 5, 1702, Mr. Drew 
bought of Pomfrett Whitehouse, lot 
No. 17. 

6th. June 16, 1702, Mr. Drew 
bought of Israel Hogsdon, "Cooper, 77 
of Dover, lot No. IS. 

Thus you see he had five lots on 
the river front, west side of P3ack 
River, covering a space of 200 rods. 

The deed from William Brackston 
says lot No. 14, as he sold it to Mr. 
Drew, was 38 rods wide, at the river 
bank, and ran back 84 rods into the 
woods, to make the 20 acres; the 
reason for this is that a road two rods 
wide was on the north side, about 
where the road now is to Mr. Peaslee's 
house, which stands above on lot No. 
15. This roadway ran in the low 
ground by the fence between the 



The Back River District, Dover, N. H. 



303 



Rounds and the Peaslee farms. The 
Peaslee family has lived there since 
1760. The present owner is Joseph E. 
Peasloe, who was born in the garrison 
house, where the parents resided 
while the present Peaslee house was 
being built in LS42. 

7th. On March 16, 1609. Mr. 
Drew sold his house on Dover Neck, 
where he resided, and which he in- 
herited from his father, William Drew, 
to Abraham Xute, in exchange for 
marsh land on the west side of Back 
River. The marsh land along the 
west shore of Back River was always 
reckoned separate from the high laud. 
Mr. Peaslee now owns several pieces 
of marsh where the adjoining high 
ground is owned by other persons. 

Now we gather from all this that 
Mr. Drew would not have sold his 
house on Dover Neck until he had 
another to move into. About a year 
before this sale he bought the 20 
acres on which the garrison stands. 
He built the garrison here sometime; 
hence there can be no reasonable 
doubt he built it between Mav G, 
169S, and March 16, 1699. Quod 
erat demonstrandum. 

The line of descent of the owners 
of the garrison is as -follows: John 
Drew, Sr., Francis Drew; Joseph 
Drew; Joseph Drew, Jr.; William 
Plaisted Drew; Edwin Plaisted Drew; 
Holmes B. Rounds, whose mother 
was Elsie Pickering Drew, a lineal 
descendant of John Drew, Sr. The 
mansion house here was built in 1810 
by William Plaisted Drew, a great- 
great-grandson of John Drew, Sr., 
who built the garrison. 

It is well to keep in mind that the 
Indians did not trouble Dover people 
before 1675, more than 30 years after 
the grants of land were made. So 
there were no garrisons before that 
date. Another point to bear in mind 
is that there was no call for building 
garrisons after 1725, when the Indian 
wars ceased here, having continued 
fifty years. The last Dover man who 
lost his scalp was John Evans, the 
Poet Whittier's great-grandfather. 



The Indians performed that surgical 
operation in. the vicinity of the Knox 
Marsh road beyond the road to Bel- 
lamy mill. Mr. Drew had good reason 
for building a garrisoned house when 
he did. The Oyster River massacre 
had occurred only four years before, 
when his father and one brother were 
killed, and other members of the 
family were carried captives to Canada. 

In the records of about 1700 a high- 
way is mentioned between Dam's 
land and that of James Xute, just 
south, which led to a landing place 
at the head of James Xute's creek, 
about a mile from the Drew garrison. 
This creek is above Hope-Hood's 
Point. The name of this point is 
derived from a noted Indian chief, 
said to have belonged to the Abenaki 
tribe. Doctor Quint says he was the 
Sagamore. WahoAvah, or Wohawa, 
chief of all the lands from Exeter to 
Salmon Falls. The historian, Hub- 
bard, in his Narrative, calls him 
"Hope Hood," and says he was son 
of Robin Hood. The two are men- 
tioned together in signing .a deed of 
land at "Squammagonak" to Peter 
Coffin, January 3, 1688. It was Hope 
Hood who led the attack on Newicha- 
wannick settlement in 1690, as well 
as that on Fox Point shore soon after. 
So noted did he become for his fe- 
rocity to the English settlers that 
Mather in his " Magnolia" calls him 
-"that memorable tygre," and "that 
hellish fellow," etc. The tradition 
is that he was killed in 1690 and buried 
on this point of land which bears, 
and will ever bear, his name. No 
headstone marks the exact spot where 
he was buried, but it is affirmed that 
the groans of the old Indian warrior 
are still to be heard there from time 
to time among the moaning branches 
of the trees, when great storms pre- 
vail. It is supposed he died of his 
wounds received in the fight at Fox 
Point, and his friends brought him 
across the river to this Point and 
buried him. 

Hope Hood was one of the occa- 
sional neighbors of William Darn and 



304 



The Granite Monthly 



James Nute. No wonder they had 
a garrison and soldiers to defend them, 

although the doughty old Indian 
chief seems never to have troubled 
them. Probably he was in his peace- 
ful moods when he lived on Hope 
Hood Point, and they treated him 
kindly. 

Cotton Mather in his "Magnolia'' 
gives an account of Hope Hood's 
treatment of James Key, son of 
John Key of Quochecho, a child of 
about five years of age who was 
captured bv the Indians at Salmon 
Falls; and that "hellish fellow, Hope 
Hood, once the servant of a Chris- 
tian master in Boston, was made 
master of him, and treated him in a 
very cruel manner.' 7 

In another passage Mather says, 
in regard to the Indian attack on 
Wells, that Hope Hood and his party, 
"having first had a skirmish with 
Captain Sherborn, they appeared 
the next Lord's Day at Newicha- 
wannick, or Berwick, where they 
burned some houses and slew a man. 
Three days after they came upon a 
small hamlet on the South side of the 
Pascataqua River, called Fox Point, 
and besides the burning of several 
houses, they took half a dozen pris- 
oners, and killed more than a dozen 
of the too securely ungarrisoned 
people; which was as easy to do as to 
have spoiled an ordinary hen-roost. 
But Captain Floyd and Captain 
Greenleaf coming (from Salisbury) 
upon these Indians made some 
slaughter among them, recovered 
some captives, with much plunder, 
and bestowed a good wound upon 
Hope Hood who lost his gun (which 
was next to his life) in this action." 
The unfortunate thing about these 
Indian wars is that the Indians left 
no record of their side of the history. 

It may be noticed, from the list 
of lot owners, that John Tuttle had 
"No. 7." Mr. Tuttle was the first 
of the name to settle in Dover, and 
his residence was on - Dover Neck, 
on the east side of High Street and 
about a quarter of a mile below the 



meeting house, where now is River 
Mew Hall. He did not come over to 
Back River to reside, but one son 
did, and that lot No. 7 has remained 
in possession of the Tuttle family and 
the Tuttle name until a few years 
ago. 

What a beautiful locality Back 
River is, and always has been. Di- 
rectly across the river from the Drew 
garrison is Huckleberry Hill, the 
ancient training ground of Capt. 
John Tuttle's valiant soliders. Further 
down the ridge, at the extreme right 
is the site of the old meeting house. 
All along the river bank, at suitable 
spots, are the burial lots of the Back 
River families; there lies the dust 
of brave men and devout women. 
There are no ancient burying grounds 
back so far from the river as this old 
garrison. Those men and women 
had eyes that appreciated the beauti- 
ful in life and the "Sleeping Place" 
in death. 

Another noticeable thing about 
this Back River locality is the loca- 
tion of the dwellings a half mile 
back from the river; each land owner 
built his house and his barn as near 
to the river bank as the nature of 
the ground would permit to secure 
good drainage and good spring water. 
The houses were nearer to the river 
than the barns and outbuildings. 
This arrangement was because of 
the fact that the chief travel was done 
by boats on the river. There were 
roads to the river where each family 
had its boats. The great business 
center, then, was on the Neck, just 
across the river. When the farmers 
wanted to trade they went there in 
their boats, or to Portsmouth. This 
custom of travelling by boats was 
in use as late as sixty years ago. The 
old houses all fronted square to the 
south, as the garrison does. The 
s reason for this is apparent when we 
consider the fact that clocks were 
scarce, and, when they had them, 
were not very accurate time-keepers. 
The sun always keeps correct time; 
when it cast a shadow square with 



The Back Rivet District, Dover, X. II 



305 



the east and west ends of the house 
the housewife knew that was high 
noon, and would toot her dinner horn 
accordingly to call the workmen from 
afar in the fields. A noon mark on 
the window sill was kept to show the 
time also. You can find the noon 
mark now, if you search carefully 
in the front windows of very old 
houses. Now no housewife thinks of 
blowing the dinner horn, or the conch 
shell, which antedated the horn, be- 
cause every day laborer carries a 
Waterbury or a Walt ham watch in 
his vest pocket, and has it regulated 
by an electric stroke from the Observ- 
atory in Washington or Cambridge 
at noon every day. .Why, the day 
laborers now have for e very-day fare 
what would have been luxuries for 
the aristocrats of Dover Xeck and 
Back River 200 years ago. 

Persons driving along the Garrison 
road no doubt wonder at the fashion 
that prevails of having the barns 
nearer the road then the houses 
which seem to be behind them; that. 
is the barns appear to be in front of 
the house. The reason of that is that 
the barns were built long before the 
roads, and were behind the houses, 
because the great thoroughfare was 
the river, and moreover they did not 
want the beautiful view to the river, 
and Dover Xeck beyond, obstructed 
by old barns and out buildings. They 
had an eye for the beautiful,, as well 
as the useful. 

Speaking of garrisons it may be 
well to mention one more in this 
section, which stood on the height of 
laud, a short distance west of the 
Back River school house. It was 



built by Zaehius Field, who was 
taxed at Oyster River in 1004 and 
owned land at Back River as early as 
1070. It was probably built soon 
after the Indians squared their ac- 
counts with Major Walderne at 
Cochecho, June 2S. 1GS9. In con- 
nection with that garrison Rev. John 
Pike, for many years pastor of the 
First Church, relates that July S. 
1707, John Bunker and Ichabod 
Rawlins were going with a cart from 
Lieut. Zach Field's garrison to James 
Bunker's, at Oyster River, for a 
loom, when they were slain by the 
Indians. This incident shows what 
lively times they had about here in 
those days. 

Some cranks are accustomed to 
bemoan the Yankees; that the race 
is dying out; that foreigners are over- 
running the land; and so on. page 
after page of twaddle. Why, look at 
this very locality. Back River, 
Tuttle, Xute, Drew, Peaslee, Emerson, 
Tibbetts, Leighton, Rounds, and 
others; their ancestors were among 
the first settlers here and in New 
England. Mr. Rounds' mother was 
a Drew, a lineal descendant of John 
Drew, Sr., who built the garrison 
here. The Tuttles -and the Xutes 
are still here. The Peaslees, who came 
here more than a century and a half 
ago, have their descendants here 
with us today, also the Emersons. The 
Dover Yankees are not dying out; 
they could not all stay here in Dover 
they went where work called them, 
and opportunities for manifestation 
of their abilities for usefulness were 
found. 



MY DREAM HILL 

By Josephine F. Wilson 

Far away in the heart of my mountains, 
h Where X'ature alone is queen, 
I would build a cabin of pine logs, 

And live on the Hill of my Dreams. , 

Far away in the valley of sunset, 

Where the mountains are shadowed with gold, 
I would live on the slopes of my mountain 

Till the vallev itself stows old. 



S<D4 



Prospect Farm, Lancaster, N. H. 



AT TWILIGHT IN THE NORTHLAND 



By Lena E. Blisi 



It is early twilight in the old New 
England town, and we are idly 
dreaming on our little porch, when 
we glance up to see an auto at our 
very door. " Would you like to ride 
out to the Farm?" calls a cheery 
voice. 

"Would we, indeed?" in a chorus of 
answers. 

"Oh, how lovely!" and in the 
twinkling of an eye the car is crowded 
to its utmost capacity and we are 
off. 

Boast ye who may of your Italian 
skies, your Alpine lakes, your foreign 
crags! I still must sing the praises 
of our own America, the Great White 
Hills, the charming vales, the fir- 
clad plains of the dear North 
Country! I yet must ask in eager 
joy. Have you seen Lancaster? 

Your thousand-dollar sunset paint- 
ings tempt me not, when I can gaze 
with awe upon the nearer miracle of 
the flaming orb itself as it gradually 
descends below the mountains, leav- 
ing the tender afterglow to shed its 
soft radiance over the valley. Your 
Alpine lakes can mirror no fairer 
beauty than that of Martin Meadow. 



Your mighty peaks lure me in vain 
when Lafayette and Washington 
beckon me on! 

As we round the curve and approach 
the vine-clad cottage at Prospect 
Farm, your Italian villas fade away 
into insignificance! And we may be 
pardoned our shouts of ecstasy at 
the vision which lies before us. 

A subtle, delicate perfume pervades 
our senses, and we look in vain for 
the cause until we suddenly stumble 
upon a border of cinnamon pinks 
in full bloom. Then we lift our eyes 
and behold! the entire enclosure is 
bordered with the same; the garden 
winds in and out among more borders 
of this frail flower; we inhale its 
fragrance everywhere! 

Now let us inspect the gardens more 
closely. We have come for roses. 
Look! Mass upon mass of red, old- 
fashioned roses— acres and acres of 
roses! What gorgeous coloring, what 
magnificent petals, what ravishing 
abundance! The blush rose peeps 
out from the hedges; the tea rose 
dwells apart in haughty purity, the 
bridal rose shyly nods her greeting. 
The day lily, larkspur, and canterbury 



■it Tin ; light in the Northland 



30' 



bell frolic with the wind and mock- 
ingly lure us farther on; the lily of the 
valley nestles among the leaves of its 
cosy home. 

We emerge from the garden and 
traverse the velvety lawn to the 
cottage, brushing with our cheek, as 
we pass, the silvery spruce and pointed 
fir. We pause to note the butternut 
tree beyond, the shading maple, and 
the royal oak. 

Now we are at the cottage with its 
broad piazzas. We wander through 
the spacious dining hall and linger 
beside the open fireplace, then on 
through the living room and library. 
Comfort and elegance surround us 
everywhere. 

It was from this porch that F. 
Hopkinson Smith painted his famous 
pictures. It is from this point that 
we obtain our finest view of the 
mountains. Close your eyes and 
picture, if you_can, forty miles of 



hills and mountains — from Carter 
on the North to Moosilauke on the 
South — the Presidential Range, with 
its soft and beautiful outlines; 
Pliny on the left, and Cherry, poor 
wounded Cherry, baring to our gaze 
her livid scar left by the path of 
the slide. Nearer to Jefferson we 
point out Bois, with the Ammonoosuc 
winding through. Such is the scenery 
immortalized by Starr King. 

But yonder twinkling star, a glis- 
tening gem on the brow of Lafayette, 
warns us that it is time to go. We 
cast a lingering look back at the 
lights of Jefferson which seem so like 
"the little flitting white-fire insect' 1 
and bid farewell to our kind friends 
who have made the stay so pleasant. 
The moon is high when we enter our 
home village and our dreams this 
night are in very truth rose-colored 
fancies. 



THE COTTAGE 

By LeRoij Stuart 

Upon a sunny, southern slope 

'My mother's cottage stands; 
A tangled mass of loveliness, 
The toil of loving hands. 

On every hand the vista blends. 
^ In rapturous content; 
And we ask where, as days pass there, 
May life be better spent. 

Each summer day the soft winds blow 
From o'er the mountain-side; 

And pine trees sough with weeping bough, 
At quiet eventide. 



Here are the paths of yesterday, 

Once trod by willing feet; 
Here are the bounds and silent mounds 

Of friends we used to greet. 

In mem'ry's halls are pictures dear. 

Of maid and matron, too; 
Each sylvan spot reveals a thought 

To pass in fond review. 



30S The Granite Monthly 

Anon, there come at twilight-fall, 
Fantastic forms of yore; 

And ghosts of youth peer in, forsooth, 
The old. vine-trellised dour. 

No sweeter dreams I e'er can have 
Than those of cottage time; 

And other place will never grace 
A land of fairer clime- 



M0XADX0CK— AFAR 

By Charles Nevers Holmes 

It rises grandly, far away — 

, That mountain all alone; 

A sentinel by night or day, 

A king upon its throne. 

No human sculptor wrought that form, 

No human genius planned. 
But Time's slow change, and frost and storm, 

Was Nature's magic wand. 

In rock-bound garb of gray and green, 

Remote from ocean's shore, 
It stands the same as it was seen 

In ancient years of yore. 

Amid a rich and rugged plain, 
• A land of husbandry, 
It looms aloof in sun or rain 
With peaceful majesty. 

Above its crest the white clouds sleep, 

Soft, basking in the sun; 
Across its breast dark shadows creep 

In silence, one by one. 

Or, cloudlessly, beneath Sol's blaze, 

Embossed against the sky, 
Monadnock lies in azure haze, 

Resplendent to the eye. 

A miniature in stone, afar. 

A king from base to crest 
When Sol bedims the morning-star 

Or paints the gorgeous West. 

A monument which long shall last! 

Grand mountain, far or near; * 
A patriarch that links the past 

With life that's present here. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 






HON. CHARLES H. TURNER 

Hon. Charles Henry Turner, born in 
Went worth, Mav 26, 1S60, died in that town 
August 31, 1913. 

Mr. Turner at tended the Went worth schools, 
till seventeen years old, when his mother died 
and he went to New York City, where he was 
for a time employed by the Elevated R. R .Co., 
and then engaged with an ice company, for sev- 
eral years alternating between hard work 
and hard study at the Columbia University. 
In 1SS9 he was nominated by the Democrats 
for the State Senate in a strong Republican 
district, and though not elected, made so good 
a campaign that he was given the nomination 
of that party for Congress to fill a vacancy, 
in the 6th district, and was elected at a special 
election, to the 51st Congress. He declined 
to be a candidate for reelection, and was 
made doorkeeper of the 52d Congress. At 
the close of the term he entered upon the 
practice of law in Washington, continuing 
till 1893, when he was made Assistant U. S". 
District Attorney, which office he held till 
1911, when he resigned and returned to pri- 
vate practice, which he followed with success, 
till his health failed, in June last, and he 
returned to his early home for the recupera- 
tion which never came. 

While in Congress Mr. Turner was united 
in marriage with Miss Winnie Lewis of 
Laconia, who survives him. 

THOMAS L. WADLEIGH 

Thomas L. Wadleigh, fifty-four years of 
age, died August 20, 1913, in Meredith, the 
town where he was born and passed his life. 
Mr. Wadleigh was the son of Nathan B. and 
Sarah (Lang) Wadleigh and was born October 
21, 1858. He had been identified with the 
lumber business for more than thirty years 
and was general manager of the Meredith 
Shook and Lumber Co. for many years. He 
was a life long Democrat and served as post 
master and as representative to the legis- 
lature in 1S93 and was a member of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee at. the time of his 
death. He was one of the first board of water 
commissioner- when the Meredith water 
system was installed and was keenly inter- 
ested in all matters pertaining to the welfare 
of the town. 

Mr. Wadleigh was not connected with any 
social orders, his home taking their place in 
his affections. He had no children, but had 
given a home and love to two motherless 
boys. The last years of his life were clouded 
by failing health and deafness, which shut 
him out from many social pleasures, but his 
indomitable courage and sunny disposition 
never failed. He is survived by a wife, 
mother and sister. 



DR. ROBERT O TREAD WELL 

Robert Odiorne Treadwell, M. D.. born 
in Portsmouth. October 31, 1S22, died in that 
city, August 23, 1913. 

Dr. Treadwell was the son of Daniel H. and 
Ann (Langdon) Treadwell. He graduated 
from Harvard College in the class of 1841, 
being a classmate of Thomas Wentworth 
Higginson, and was the last survivor of his 
class. He took a special course in medicine 
in the Philadelphia Medical School graduating 
in 1845, and immediately went to Paris where 
he continued his professional study, and where 
he was present at the first etherization of a 
patient in Europe. Returning home, he 
practiced medicine about ten years in Ports- 
mouth, after wliich he again went abroad, and 
practiced for some time in Italy, where he was 
for some time a professor in a medical college. 
Pie was an accomplished linguist, and was for 
a while an instructor in languages at the 
University of Barcelona. Again returning 
to this country he held a professorship at 
Harvard. He retired to private life some 
years since, on account of ill-health, devoting 
his time mainly to the study of literature. 
He resided in the house built by Jeremiah 
Mason in 1S0S, which his father had bought 
after the death of the latter. 

Some fifty years ago Dr. Treadwell married 
Miss Mariana Weston, from whom he sep- 
arated later, on account of incompatibility. 
She survives him with one child, her home 
being at Arlington Heights, Mass. 

GEORGE HENRY MANN 

George Henry Mann, of Woodsville, for 
thirty years a popular railroad employee 
on the* White Mountain division of the 
Boston and Maine, died August 1, 1913, at 
the State Hospital in Concord, where he had 
recently been taken for treatment. 

Mr. Mann was born in Benton, February 
19, 1848. When he was twenty-one years cf 
age he moved to Woodsville and entered the 
service of the railroad company as freight 
brakeman. Seven years later he was mar- 
ried to Miss Elnora Gove of Wentworth, who 
survives him. He worked for the rai.'road 
company about thirty years and was last en- 
gaged as passenger conductor. For the last 
few years he conducted a store in Woods- 
ville. Late last autumn he received injuries 
from a fall down an elevator shaft from which 
he never fully recovered, and which was the 
cause of his going to the State Hospital. 

He was a staunch Democrat and repre- 
sented his town in the Legislature for one 
term. He leaves four brothers, Ezra B. 
and Melvfn of Woodsville, Hosea of Little- 
ton, and Moses Mann of Boston; two sis- 
ters, Mrs. W. S. Nutter of Woodsville and 
Susan M. Mann of Laconia; three sons, 
Scott, Fred and Harley Mann, and two 
daughters, Ada and Ida, all of Woodsville. 



T/O 



Q-K 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



A large portion of this double number of 
the Granite Monthly is occupied by an 
illustrated article on Matters and Men of the 
town of Acworth. Extended as it is, how- 
ever, it is far from complete, comparatively 
a small part of the town aud of its history 
being covered. Some matter forwarded by 
Dr. Charles A. Bracket t. who lived in the 
"Derry Hill" district in his youth, is so good 
in its entirety that, instead of being con- 
densed and included in this article, it is re- 
served for a separate article in another issue. 
Perhaps some resident of still another dis- 
trict may be moved to write of men and 
affairs therein. Much, indeed, might be 
said of the strong men and worthy women of 
that good old town. It is proper to add, 
here, that we are under obligations to Dr. 
Charles E. Woodbury, and George R. Cum- 
mings for material assistance in the prepara- 
tion and illustration of the Acworth article. 



The regular fall meeting of the New 
Hampshire Board of Trade is to be held in the 
City of Keene on Tuesday, September 23, 
afternoon and evening, on invitation of the 
Keene Commercial Club. The business ses- 
sion will be held at 2 o'clock, P. M., in the 
City Council room, when any business in 
order will be transacted, and the following 
question discussed: "How Can the Work of 
the State Board of Trade be made more 
Effective in Promoting the General Wel- 
fare?"; Following this session the visiting 
delegates will be taken on an auto ride about 
the city, by courtesj- of the Keene Commercial 
Club. At 7.45 P. M., a reception will be 
held complimentary to the State Board at the 
Opera House, followed by a public meeting, 
to which citizens generally are invited, at 
which the greetings of the City and the Com- 
mercial Club will be extended by His Honor 
Charles G. Shedd, Ma} ; or of Keene, with re- 
sponse by O. H. Chase of Newport, president 
of the State Board, and an address on '"The 
Educational Outlook," will be given by Hon. 
Henry C. Morrison, Superintendent of Pub- 
lic Instruction. 



On Wednesday, August 28. a notable 
gathering of New Hampshire people, and not 
a few from beyond the borders of the state, 
was held at the birthplace of Daniel Web- 
ster, in that part of the present city of Franklin, 
once embraced within the limits of the town of 
Salisbury, the occasion being the formal dedi- 
cation of the restored birthplace, under the 
auspices of the Daniel Webster Birthplace 
Association, through whose agency the Web- 



ster house, or that part of it in which the 
great "Expounder" was born, has been re- 
stored to its original condition on the exact 
site upon which it then stood. Not less than 
1,500 people were present at the exercises, 
which were conducted in a large tent and at 
which Chief Justice Frank N. Parsons of 
Franklin, first vice-president of the Asso- 
ciation, presided in the absence of the Presi- 
dent— Hon. William E. Chandler, who was 
unfortunately detained by iilnes--, and whose 
address was read by George H. Moses of Con- 
cord. The oration, which was a comprehen- 
sive and masterly production, was given by 
Hon. Samuel W. McCalt of Massachusetts. 
Other addresses were given by Governor 
Felker, ex-Governor Bachelder. ex-Governor 
Pingree of Vermont, Hon. David Cross and 
others, and one prepared by Senator Gallin- 
ger, who was unable to be present, was read 
by James O. Lyford. A poem written for 
the occasion by Edna Dean Proctor, was read 
by H. H. Metcalf. Membership in the Asso- 
ciation costs ten doll o s, all subsequent con- 
tributions being voluntary. All citizens 
disposed to aid a worthy and patriotic cause. 
who have not already done so, are invited to 
become members, which they may do by 
remitting the amount specified, with their 
names, to the treasurer of the Association, 
Dr. J. W. Staples of Franklin. 



The Tniversalist State Convention is to be 
held in the town of Marlborough on Wednes- 
da\ r and Thursday, September 24 and 25, 
preceded by the Sunday School Convention 
in the same place on the day previous,, with 
the Young Peoples' Christian Union Conven- 
tion in the evening. Hon. H. W. Parker of 
Claremont is the president of the State Con- 
vention, and the occasional sermon will be 
given at 4 o'clock P. M. on Wednesday, by 
Rev. C. F. Mclntire of Woodsville. 



Tlie Board of Control, provided for by the 
legislature at the last session, having charge of 
the various charitable and reformatory insti- 
tutions of the State, has been finally completed 
by the Governor and Council. It consists. 
in addition to the Governor and the Secre- 
tary of the State Board of Charities and Cor- 
rections, of Dr. George W. McGregor of 
Littleton, Benjamin W. Couch _ of Concord 
and the purchasing agent, who is George "W . 
Fowler of Pembroke. By the latter all sup- 
plies for the various state institutions and 
Governmental departments, must be pur- 
chased. 



KM,. XLV, No. 10 



A New fi£irnps ,, ~***e Magazine 

/ 

levoted to History, Biography/ irature and State Progress 




Kd^ar O. Cros?man V, 7 \th frontf 



■J«e*JH?LlW«r-£,- •- ■"■ ■<,■.-•_• ;;.';.» •« "... ■* ■:'>•■■ ::'-rru r . .;. ■ZtgttUBSSMH 



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Ntt-v Series, Vol. Via, No. 10 



THE 



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-«,-" 



CONTENTS , OCTOBER 



vStf By H. C. Pearson 

^V) The William Dam Garrison" /er .... 

|»2| By John Scales, A.M. Illustrated ! - 

£cf) The Story of Jack Stoddard and His White Mohawk 

*0# E >' E - *** Tenney 

y c v;/ The Pageant at Plymouth ... . . 

•^4 B y Eleanor J. Clark Illustrated 

Wjv, A White Mountain Sojourn . . . 

ffi5$\ By George Wilson Jennings 

S --J;- W A Reminiscences of School Distx*ict in Acworth 

? } ;#h By Charles A. Bracket, D. M. D. 

v. ^r,i 

*£~^"4 School Days . . . • . . . . . . 

fig» By Frances M. Fray 

*€ -a?' New Hampshire Necrology ...... s 

\-:Sy{ Editor and Publisher's Notes . . . . . 

- 

r*S)i Poems 

H'S;/ Bv A.M. Shepard, A.C., Stewart: Everett Howe, Mary E. Kelly, Moses G. Shirley 



319 an 

329 ftV 



337 fit 

feD -i 

339 £& 

340 &&* 
/'.f»~, ™ 



I 



ssued by The Granite Monthly Company! 

HENRY H. MCTCALF. Editor and Manager 



ERHS: $1-00 per annum, in advance; $1.50 if cot paid in advance* Single copies, IS cents | J 

CONCORD, N. H., 1913 || 



Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



f 




EDGAR O. CROSSMAN, M. D. 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLV, No. 10. 



OCTOBER., 1913 New Series, Vol. 8, No. 10 



LEADERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

XIV 

Edgar O. Grossman, M. D. 
By II. C. Pearson 



When the trained, skilled and suc- 
cessful physician turns his attention 
from the ills of the individual to those 
of the body politic he is very apt to 
prove as valuable to the community 
as a doctor of laws as of medicine and 
to have his services appreciated as 
much in one capacity as in the other. 

The history of the nation abounds 
with instances in point and some of 
the most notable of them are fur- 
nished by New Hampshire. 

There was Doctor Josiah Bartlett, 
for instance, who went from New 
Hampshire to the Continental Con- 
gress and was the second man to sign 
the Declaration of Independence. He 
was the president of the common- 
wealth of New Hampshire and of the 
New Hampshire Medical Society, the 
first governor of the state of New 
Hampshire, the chief justice of its 
supreme court, and was elected to the 
United States Senate, but at a time 
when his health was too infirm to 
allow him to take his seat. 

Almost a century later, in 1891, 
another practitioner of medicine in 
New Hampshire was elected to the 
United States Senate and Doctor 
Jacob H. Gallinger not only took his 
scat, but has held it ever since, in- 
cluding today among his many other 
distinctions that of being the oldest 
member in point of service of this 



most famous of legislative bodies. 
And today, despite the more than two 
decades at Washington which have 
made him known to the country as 
Senator G-allinger, it is as Doctor 
Gallinger that he is thought of and 
spoken of by the older generation, at 
least, in his home city and state. 

And among the younger medical 
men of New Hampshire there are 
more than a few who have taken a 
prominent part in public life outside 
that of their profession, who have 
served state and nation in official 
capacities, and who have grappled 
earnestly and successfully with the 
problems of our day, social, political 
and economic. 

A leader in this group and triply a 
leader in his profession and in the 
politics and the philanthropy of the 
state is Doctor Edgar Orrin Grossman 
of Lisbon, N. II., counted for twenty- 
five years among New Hampshire's 
most successful practitioners of medi- 
cine, prominent in politics, of valuable 
legislative service, a former president 
of the state conference of charities 
and corrections, and for almost ten 
years United States collector of inter- 
nal revenue for the district of Maine, 
New Hampshire and Vermont. 

For many of her best citizens, past 
and present, New Hampshire is in- 
debted to the Green Mountain State, 



31 



312 



The Granite Monthly 



and it was at Ludlow, Vt., that Doc- 
tor Grossman was born December 15, 
18G4, the son of Ezra and Martha 
(Spear) Grossman. His youth was 
that of the typieal New England coun- 
try boy, born to labor and not to lux- 
ury, to endurance and not to ease, but 
tilled with an ambition for education 
and advancement that overcame ob- 
stacles and discouragements and made 
of the willing boy a worth-while man. 

Doctor Crossman gained his general 
education in the public schools of 
Plymouth, Vt,, at Plymouth Union 
Academy and at the New Hampshire 
State College ; and pursued his profes- 
sional studies at the medical school of 
the University of Vermont, from which 
he graduatedwiththe degree of Doctor 
of Medicine in 1SS7. A student, how- 
ever, he never has ceased to be, — of 
books and of humanity, in the schools, 
the hospitals and the broad field of a 
country practice, and, particularly, 
in post-graduate courses of the New 
York Post-Graduate Medical School 
and the Harvard University Medical 
School. 

Upon the completion of his studies 
at Burlington Doctor Grossman was 
appointed assistant surgeon of the 
Chateau-gay Iron & Ore Company in 
the Adirondack region of northern 
New York and there remained a year. 
He then came to New Hampshire and 
located at Bath for a year before re- 
moving to the handsome and prosper- 
ous village of Lisbon which ever since 
has been his home. 

During his residence there, however, 
Doctor Grossman was absent from 
New Hampshire for an extended pe- 
riod through his acceptance of respon- 
sible positions offered him by reason 
of his professional attainments. Thus 
for three years he was on the staff 
of the famous sanitarium at Clifton 
Springs, N. Y., and later for four 
years was in charge of the similar in- 
stitution at Markelton, Pa. 

The experience thus gained outside 
of the regular routine of his home 
practice lias since proved of great 



value to Doctor Grossman in his pub- 
lic, as well as his professional, life. 

He is a member of the Grafton 
County Medical Association, the New 
Hampshire State Medical Association 
and the American Medical Associa- 
tion. He has served on the board of 
health of. the town of Lisbon ; was for 
a time medical referee of Grafton 
County, and was a member of the 
board of trustees of the New Hamp- 
shire State Hospital for the Insane 
from October 22, 1903, until that 
board was replaced by the state 
board of control through an act of the 
Legislature of 1913. In tin's last ca- 
pacity Doctor Crossman 's services to 
the state were particularly valuable, 
not only from the technical knowledge 
which he possessed, but because of the 
lively and sympathetic interest which 
he took in the remedial and custodial 
care of the insane, a subject upon 
which he has come to be considered an 
authority. 

In this connection due credit should 
be given Doctor Crossman for his 
large share in bringing about two of 
the most important reforms which 
ever have been effected in New Hamp- 
shire's state care of her unfortunates. 
One was the passage of a law which 
he secured while a member of the 
House of Representatives of 1903 and 
chairman of the committee on state 
hospital, whereby all the insane were 
to be removed from the county insti- 
tutions that previously had sheltered 
many of them to the state hospital at 
Concord, thus assuring them better 
care under more comfortable condi- 
tions and a scientific study and treat- 
ment of each case. 

This transfer entailed large expense 
and was a great change in a long-es- 
tablished local policy. Of course it 
met with opposition, and it was in 
overcoming this opposition, largely 
by his own personal influence and per- 
suasive and convincing oratory, that 
Doctor Crossman really won his spurs 
as a leader in the public life of the 
state. 

So great was the task involved that 



Edgar 0. Crossman, M. D. 



313 



the reform then inaugurated lias hut 
recently been completed:, h was not 
long, however, after it was started he- 
fore its bent' tits were apparent and 
now Doctor Grossman's diagnosis of 
the situation is universally accepted 
as correct. 

The other reform to which reference 
has been made was the establishment 
of a state board of control to take 
charge of the state hospital, the state 
sanitarium, the state industrial school 
and the state school for feeble-minded, 
this new board replacing the several 
separate boards of trustees of the 
institutions named. That New Hamp- 
shire should thus unify its state phil- 
anthropies was proposed by Doctor 
Grossman several years ago and the 
form in which the law finally was en- 
acted by the Legislature of 1913 was 
largely that of his original suggestion. 

It is only to be regretted that the 
governor did not see tit to name Doc- 
tor Grossman, as very many people 
hoped and expected he would do, for 
a place upon the new board, in one 
sense his own creation, and thus avoid 
the loss to the state of the valuable 
services which Doctor Grossman had 
rendered for ten years as a trustee of 
the state hospital. • 

Doctor Grossman was one of the" 
prime movers in the establishment of 
the New Hampshire State Conference 
of Charities and Correction; was an 
active and effective worker in its be- 
half; and was honored with its presi- 
dency, for the year 1912-1913. In 
that capacity he had the honor of 
presiding* over the annual session of 
the conference for the present year, 
the most notable meeting of the kind 
ever held in the state, including among 
its speakers Mrs. Ballington Booth, 
Doctor Walter E. Fernald, Dean Wal- 
ter T. Sumner and others. 

But the demands of his profession 
and his public-spirited work for the 
state's dependents and defectives are 
far from exhausting the list of Doctor 
Grossman's activities. From youth 
he has been deeply interested and per- 
sonally active in politics, and few 



campaign speakers in New Hampshire 

are his equals in eloquent and con- 
vincing exposition of the past achieve- 
ments, present principles and future 
opportunities of the Kepublican party. 

He was for a number of years a 
member of the state committee of that 
party and one of its most active and 
successful workers in council and on 
the stump. Mention has been made 
of his service in the House of Repre- 
sentatives of 1903 as chairman of the 
committee on state hospital, an un- 
usual honor for a new member. At 
the same session he served, also, upon 
the important committee on railroads, 
and both in committee rooms aaid on 
the floor of the House made a splen- 
did record for faithfulness and effi- 
ciency. 

In 1901 Doctor Grossman was named 
by President Roosevelt collector of 
internal revenue for the district com- 
prising the states of Maine, New 
Hampshire and Vermont, a post of 
much responsibility, whose duties he 
has discharged with such fidelity to 
those duties and intelligent compre- 
hension of their character as to make 
the office of which he has been the 
head a model for all others in the 
country. 

The Democratic administration at 
Washington doubtless will name a. 
Democrat presently as collector at 
Portsmouth, but no reason other than 
a political one can be given for the 
change, and Doctor Crossman's suc- 
cessor, whoever he may be, will find 
it no easy task to maintain the office at 
its present high standard of efficiency 
and economy. 

And this retirement of Doctor 
Grossman from public life, when it 
comes, can be but temporary. The 
qualities of leadership, in person and 
in principle, which he has shown, are 
such as the people do not forget; and 
in many minds and on many tongues 
his name already is coupled with men- 
tion of higher political distinctions 
than he has yet won. 

But whatever the future may have 



314 



The (haaite Monthly 



in store for him it is safe to say that 
his home will be. as it has been for 
more than twenty years in Lisbon, 
that beautiful White Mountain village 
which counts him among its most use- 
ful and public-spirited citizens. There 
he has served on the school board and, 
as has been said, on the board of health ; 
was the first president of the White 
Mountain Board of Trade, which links 
the whole North Country in indus- 
trial unity; and is a member <>f the 
local Congregational Church and of 
the lodges of Masons and Odd Fel- 
lows. He is a member, also, of 
Franklin Royal Arch Chapter, Lis- 
bon; of St. Gerard Commandery, 
Knights Templar, of Littleton ; and 
of Bektash Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine, Concord. During his official 
stay at Portsmouth he has been a 



member of the Warwick Club of that 
city. 

On June 1, 1888, Doctor Crossman 
married at Holyoke, Mass., Miss Flor- 
ence A. Gibson, native of Guelph, 
Canada, and daughter of John and 
Sophronia (Mason) Gibson. Their 
one son. Edgar G. Crossman, was born 
April 1, 1895, and is now a member 
of the class of 1917 at Yale. 

Personally Doctor Crossman is a 
tine figure of a man, tall and of hand- 
some presence, with a keen yet kindly 
face, lighted by a quick smile when- 
ever a friend approaches, and that is 
often, for Doctor Crossman has a 
multitude of friends well won by help- 
ing all among whom his lot has been 
cast, by seeking and by finding oppor- 
tunities for service, public and pri- 
vate, of sincere purpose and real value. 



THE SAME STARS 



By A. M. Shepard 

The stars at times depend from Heaven's dome 
Like thick drops from a dripping honey comb; 
Or where they gather in a mist}' trail, 
They flow like milk from lip of brimming pail. 
'Tis then I pray thou mayst hold out thy cup 
To catch the bounty that shall fill it up." 

Again, for scorning known or unknown laws 
The very sky takes arms against my cause. 
Each star presenting point of keenest spear 
To seek my heart with aim precise and near. 
'Tis then I call to mind thy naked head 
And feel for thee the numbing pangs of dread. 



Yet though familiar constellations' march 

Be near or distant in Night's sombre arch, 

Be hostile, lavish, or indifferent, 

Be veiled with cloud, or paled by moon's ascent, 

My solace is — I know the same stars shine 

Through Thv clear lattice and these bars of mine. 



THE WILLIAM DAM GARRISON AT 
BACK RIVER, DOVER, N. H. 

Bif John Scales, A. M. 



In the September number of the 
Granite Monthly,, my article on the 
Back River District in Dover stated 
my belief then that the Drew Garrison 
was built by John Drew, Sr., and 
based the proof of my belief on the 
supposition that the garrison is on a 
twenty-acre lot on the west of lot No. 
14, which John Drew bought of Wil- 
liam Brackston May 11, 1696, the lot 
on the west of which he bought of 



by William Dam, or his father Dea. 
John Dam, soon after 1675, as the 
young man was married in 1679, and, 
of course, he built his house before 
marriage. 

The information in regard. to the 
location on the river bank of lots No. 
13 and No. 14 was given to me by Mr. 
N. AY. Davis of Winchester, Mass., a 
gentleman of much experience in gen- 
ealogical research., and a member of 



' -. r. /-.-. 



^-5\ t_ V « 



. 



isM 



The William Dam Garrison 



Thomas Austin May 6, 1698. Since 
that article was written I have re- 
ceived information to the effect that 
the garrison stands on a twenty-acre 
lot on the west of lot No. 13, which 
was originally granted to William 
Hilton, Sr., and was purchased by 
Dea. John Dam in 1656, who gave it 
to his son, William, when the son be- 
came "One-and-twenty," or about 
1675, when the Indian war period 
began- hence it is a reasonable con- 
clusion that the garrison was built 



the New England Historical and Gen- 
ealogical Society. When a boy Mr. 
Davis lived in Dover, and is perfectly 
familiar with the Back River District. 
He is a lineal descendant of John 
Drew, Sr., and until quite recently he 
supposed the garrison was built by 
John Drew. Sr. In his researches for 
other matter'he ran across the legal 
documents which are given at the 
close of this article, which aroused a 
suspicion that he was mistaken in 
supposing the garrison was built by 



'&■£ 



31G 



The Granite Monthly 



John Drew, Sr. Mr. Davis felt re- 
luctant to give up the idea that it was 
built by his ancestor, as he had enter- 
tained much pride in having the old 
house belong in his family. To dispel 
all doubt in the matter he employed 
an engineer to measure the shore line 
on the west side of Back River, to 
ascertain as nearly as possible the di- 
viding line between the lots. The en- 
gineer surveyed the ground carefully 
and found that the garrison is on the 
west of lot No. 13, and Drew's lot No. 
14 on the height of land beyond, up 
the river. Hence the conclusion that 
the old garrison was built by William 
Dam, between 1675 and 1679. and is 
at least 231 years old and is the oldest 
house in Dover. In further confirma- 
tion of the correctness of the engi- 
neer's survey, and that the garrison 
stands in the rear of lot No. 13. is the 
fact that the old Dam burial ground 
is on this lot between the garrison and 
the river, whereas the Drew burial 
ground is on the lot No. 14, next above 
on the river bank where the inscrip- 
tion of Sergt. John Drew's headstone 
may be read, even now. He died 23 
October 1723, aged 73 years. 

Of course, after reading Mr. Davis' 
story, Mr. Scales' could see no ground 
on which to base an argument that the 
house was built by John Drew, and he 
gave it up. But how does it come to 
be called the Drew garrison? It took 
its name from Joseph Drew, father of 
William Plasted Drew ; it came into 
his possession through the inherit- 
ances of his wife. Leah Note, to whom 
he was married in 1771. and they 
came to reside in the house that year, 
so it came into possession of the Drew 
family 140 years ago. Joseph Drew 
was great-grandson of John Drew, Sr. 
The ownership previous to 1771 ap- 
pears to have been nearly in this line. 
Built by William Dam, 1677; he died 
in the garrison 20 March 1713; his 
son, William Dam, Jr., inherited it 
and resided there several years; his 
sister, Leah, married Samuel Ha} r es 
in 1720 ; at sometime prior to 1740, 
Mr. and Mrs. Hayes came into posses- 



sion of the garrison and resided there 
until his death about 1770. Jacob 
Allen, who married Martha Dam, sis- 
ter of William Dam, Jr., also had an 
interest in the house after the death 
of her father in 1718. One of their 
daughters married James Tuttle and 
she inherited her parents' interest 
in the house, and this was "quit- 
claimed" to Joseph Drew in 1786. 
Joseph Drew's wife, Leah Nute, ob- 
tained her interest in the house from 
her mother, Mary Hayes, who mar- 
ried James Nute, and Mary was the 
daughter of Samuel and Leah (Dam) 
Hayes. 

This old garrison is one of the most 
interesting houses in New Hampshire. 
Dea. John Dam, with other worthies 
across the river, on Meeting House 
Hill, must have been a frequent vis- 
itor there, as he was living in 1693, 
and he was one of the men who came 
over from England in 1633. So this 
old house takes us back to the very 
first settlers on Dover Neck. I will 
close this article with the following 
briefs of certain real estate transfers 
which are convincing evidence that 
the Drew garrison is the original Wil- 
liam Dam garrison. It does not ap- 
pear there was any other "Drew 
garrison,"' and this did not become 
such until after 1770. 

1. On June 7, 1712, William Dam, 
Sr., of Dover, in consideration of the 
love, good-will and affection which lie 
bore to his son, William Dam, con- 
veyed to him one half of the new 
house he was then building, and half 
of the land on which it stood, with one 
third of his orchard, and three acres 
of land, being all his land on that side 
of the creek. 

2. William Dam, Jr., on the same 
day. June 7, 1712, bound himself to be 
at one third of the charge of moving 
the house in which lie then dwelt at 

''Note. — The garrison is built differently 
from most of the garrison houses, being 
built of square beams, or logs, and not 
boarded on the outside.) 



The Will lam Dam Garrison 



31 



the "west end"' of the Dam lands, the 
said house being 24 feet long and 30 
feet wide, "op to the logg house and 
set it there." 

3. On April 7, 1724, William Dam 
(not called Jr., but he was son of 
the above William, Sr.) conveyed to 
Jacob Allen, his brother-in-law, who 
had married his sister, Martha, "one- 
half of the dwelling logg house, set in 
Dover, on the westerly side of ye back 
river, which was formerly ye dwelling 
house of William Dam, Sr.," together 
with part of "ye upper orchard," and 
four and one-half acres lying in ye 
spruce pasture. 

(Note. — The present garrison stands on 
what was anciently, as now, known as Spruce 
Lane.) 

4. On Januarv 17, 1786, James 
Tattle (b. 1711, d. 1790) for £9 law- 
ful money, quitclaimed to Joseph 
Drew all his right, title and interest 
in the house where the said Joseph 
Drew "now lives" (this is known to 
be the garrison), being the west end 
of the house and the room at the east 
end, that was allowed in the return 
of the division of the estate of Samuel 
Hayes of Dover, deceased. 

(Note. — A perusal of the Tuttle Gene- 
alogy will show that the only possible way 
James Tuttle could have any interest in this 
property was through his wife, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Jacob and Martha Allen, said Martha 
being daughter of William Dam. Samuel 
Hayes owned a ad occupied part of the gar- 
rison for a great many years and died there, 
about 1770. His wife was Leah, daughter 
of William Dam.) 



5. Joseph Drew (5), son of Joseph 
(4), dwelt in the garrison from the 
time of his marriage, in 1771, to Leah 
Nute, granddaughter of Samuel and 
Leah (Dam) Hayes, by daughter, 
Mary. As shown in deed 4, he was 
enjoying possession of the Hayes part 
of the garrison in 1786, when James 



Tuttle conveyed to him the Jacob and 
Martha Allen interests for £9. 

Abstract of Deed 
John and Sarah Drew 
to sun Francis of 
Dover Apr. 9, 1712. 

To all whom it may concern, this deed of 
gift, John Drew of Dover, together with and 
through the consent of Sarah, my wife, for 
and in consideration of a good settlement, 
in order to his further comfort and well be- 
ing in this world, and for the natural love, 
good wish and fatherly affection which I do 
own and bear to my now only son, Francis 
Drew of said town and Province (i. e., 
Dover, X. H.). Three lots of land which I 
bought of Thomas Austin, Joshua Winget 
and Israel Hodgdon, lying on the southward 
side of the way that leads from my house to 
the Queen 's Road, which three lots contain 
by estimation 56 acres or thereabouts, all 
within fenee beginning at a division fence 
at the west of a 20-acre lot bought of "Win. 
Braekstone, from that southward and west- 
ward till it conies to a join with Zachariah 
Field 's laud hard by, excepting unto myself 
and Sarah, my present wife, full power and 
free liberties of firewood, fencing stuffs 
and pasturing in lots bought of Winget 
and Hodgdon; one small piece of salt marsh 
which I bought of Win. Brookin, being one- 
half acre more or less, with the privileges 
and appurtenances thereunto belonging lying 
on the west side of Johnson's Creek; one-half 
of 20 acre lot which I bought of John Derry 
taking it at the southward and west of Zach- 
ariah Field 's land ; one-half of the 20 acre 
lot which I bought of Zachariah Pitman, 
together with half of the vacancies granted 
to me in the Dry Pines; one-half of the 20- 
acre lot granted to me by the town between 
William Hill's plantation and Maharrimet 's 
Hill, the eastward part thereof; all which 
said parcels of land and marsh above men- 
tioned, with- the privileges and appurte- 
nances to each and every of them belonging 
or in any ways appertaining except above 
excepted and reserved, shall be for and to 
the whole and sole use and benefit of my 
aforesaid son Francis Drew, To Have and 
To Hold, etc. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand and seal this ninth day of April in the 
year of our Lord God 1712. 

(Signed:) John Drew. 

Signed, sealed and 
delivered, etc., in 
the presence of us. 

Johx T title Sen. 
Paul Gerrish 
Sail 'l Pearl. 




EDWARD PAYSON TENNEY 



[Clipping from Who's Who.] 

TEisXCY, Edward Fatsox, author; b. Concord, N. IT., Sept. 29, 1835; s. Rev. A. P. and 
Mary T.; ed. Pembroke Acad., 1851-4; Dartmouth Coll., 1854-5; grad. Bangor Theol. 
Sem., 1358; post- grad. studies Andover Theol. Sem., I860: 9 yrs. ; course of topical studies 
in the libraries of Boston; (hon. A. M., Dartmouth, 1878); m. Sarah J. Holden, Dec. 1, 
1860; 2d, Ellen Weeks, Dec. 8, 1862. Ordained Congl. ministry; pastor in Eastern Mass., 
18 yrs.; brief editorial service on The Pacific, San Francisco, and the Congregational 
Review, Boston; pres. Colo. Coll.. 187(5-84. Author: The Silent House. 1876; Coronation, 
1877; Agamentieus, 1878; The New West, 1878; Colorado and the New West, 1880; Con- 
stance of Acadia; The Triumphs of the Cross, 1895; A Story of the Heavenly Camp Fires, 
1896; Our Elder Brother, 1897; The Dream of My Youth, 1901; Contrasts in Social 
Progress, 1907 (new revised edition, 1910;; Looking Forward Into the Past, 1910. 
Also Chinese transl. of Social Progress, 1910. Address: Nahaiit, Mass. 



THE STORY OF JACK STODDARD AND HIS 
WHITE MOHAWK 



By E. P. Tenney 



"I loved you at sight, when I first 
saw you in the Wadsworth House at 
Harvard," I said to the Princess 
Curlagu, when I met her near the 
Big Spring at the Strawberry Festi- 
val. "And it was solely on this ac- 
count that it was arranged with 
President Holyoke that I might come 
hither in accord with your request 
for a teacher for your people. I am 
as unfit as a Micmac,,but I love you. " 

When I had said this I saw the hot 
blood mount to her cheeks, and she 
replied with great warmth: 

" Do not call the Micmaes heathen. 
I was brought up by them. I love 
them; they are my people. " 

This made me open my eyes to 
look more closely to see whether she 
was, indeed, Wabi, as I had heard 
her called at Cambridge. She had 
the same high cheek bones and strong- 
Indian features; yet "she was of a 
swarthy white, and I had been told 
by her father, King Hendrick, that 
she was commonly called Curlagu, 
the white, the Iroquois people being 
of a very marked copper color. 

Recovering myself in.; a moment, 
although I was greatly abashed by 
the bearing of the Princess, I said: 

"Pardon me, I had thought of you 
as the daughter of the King, who is 
so greatly beloved by the English. 
May I ask further? Perhaps I was 
too bold in opening my heart. But 
I have been heart-hungry to see 
you, since the self-same day when you 
disappeared in the western wood- 
lands of Cambridge at sunset, after 
you had made known your mission 
to the convention of ministers. 1 ' 
? Wabi, as my heart insisted that I 
^nould call her, now eyed me closely, 
and I could but change color under 
her fixed gaze. 

"1 can but be open-hearted with 
you, my paleface brother," she aii- 



swered at length. "I loved you 
when I saw you. and I chided my 
spirit that I could not tell you so. I 
am so glad that it is you who have 
come, and not another, to be our 
teacher." 

Then, she spoke in a lower tone, 
and cast a furtive glance about her, 
as if to note whether, perchance, 
any one of her maidens might be 
near, but they were all at the pool 
feeding the wild swans. 

"I am Curlagu. I am white, and 
the Mohawks know it, and my father 
the King calls me so. But I love to 
call myself Wabi, as I did at Cam- 
bridge. It was the name my mother 
gave me, my Indian mother among 
the Micmacs, when my white cap- 
tive mother perished on a winter day. ' 

Then Wabi hid her face from me; 
and I was pained, although she did 
not weep. With the eyes and lips of 
a stoic, she then turned to me again, 
saying: 

*'I am again and again so glad that 
you are here, Master Stoddard; and 
I know I shall love you, and you will 
do much for my poor people." 

It was not till evening that I could 
see her again, since King Hendrick 
was now approaching, and his nephew, 
Kieri of the Tuscaroras, whom his 
sister, Eghrita, had adopted as the 
heir presumptive to the King's office. 

I eyed his nephew sharply, and saw 
at once that he loved Curlagu, as he 
called the Princess. And she went 
with him to the pool, leaving me 
alone with the King. 

The Sachem, Hendrick, or the 
King as the English called him, now 
keenly questioned me. When I told 
him of my college life and boyhood, 
how all my family except myself 
were carried away by the Indians, 
when I was a child at Northampton, 
he asked me about Edwards, the 



311 



320 



The Granite Monthly 



Indian missionary among the Stock- 
bridge?, who had once lived at North- 
ampton; and he was curious about 
Whiteileld whom his adopted daughter, 
the Princess Curlagu had told him 
the Harvard tutors so greatly derided. 
The King's face sometimes kindled 
like a ray of light, and he was of a 
sunny temperament. White-haired 
as he was, he had a great deal of sym- 
pathy for youth; and he smiled at my 
recital of the Cambridge sports of 
the Harvard boys. Having said this, 
and noting that he was pleased,, I now 
took courage to tell him much more: 

"Do you know, King, beloved 
of our English people, that as soon 
as I saw your daughter, the Princess, 
my eyes were made fast to her face, 
and I never once took my eyes off 
her so long as she stayed, and when 
she went away again into her forests 
her face remained with me, clearly 
pictured upon the pages of my He- 
brew Bible, and on all my books, and 
on my attic walls, and on my crooked 
stairway, and in my recitation rooms, 
and even upon the old willows afield, 
until finally I. gave up everything and 
went into the Connecticut forests to 
find her." 

"I sent her to -Cambridge, because 
it was once an Indian college, and I 
bade her not return," replied the 
King, 1 ' till she brought a teacher. 
And- when I had word from the father 
of the college that you would come to 
us, I sent Kierei to the Moravian 
mission at Scatacook to bring back 
my daughter." 

"I understand," I answered, "that 
your people think the God of the 
whites is good for the whites, and 
that the Great Spirit is better for you, 
yet you desire to have your young 
men taught the wisdom of the Eng- 
lish. But, putting that aside. King, 
if I may speak to you in the confidence 
I reposed in you, when President 
Holyoke first told me about you, I 
may say frankly that I love your 
daughter, and I would make her 
home my home, and your people my' 
people." 



Upon this, llendrick looked upon 
me with piercing eyes for a moment 
in silence, and then remarked quietly- 

•.! Kieri will have much to say about 
this. He loves the Princess. But 
she will have none of him. My Cur- 
lagu" is free. She is wise and will do 
what she lists. For me, my both 
hands are full of the English and 
French War. The Indians on the 
Connecticut and at the fishing sta- 
tions have gone to join the French, 
and our Six Nations are the great 
bulwark of the English against the 
north . You can help us in this. This 
is what I want you for, to make fast 
the hearts of my braves to the hearts 
of the English. For your heart and 
the heart of the Princess, they may 
be made one, if she wills it so. She 
can speak for herself." 

I now saw Kieri returning, with 
a dark lowering face, my Wabi not 
being with him. 

"He is named Kieri," it was said 
in a low tone by the King, '"for his 
having taken four prisoners in one 
battle with the Catawbas. He is 
but half himself, for his unrequited 
love for the Princess. He is as one 
who looks for his mind which he has 
lost, not knowing where to find it. 
He is reckless and mad with love. 
Breathe not to him of Curlagu, as 
you value your life." 

Turning to Kieri, King Hendrick 
said : 

"You are. my son, to fly as the 
startled deer flieth, to call up the 
white chiefs for council." 

And they two went away together, 
leaving me to look for Wabi. 

I now went forth to watch the 
sparkling waters of the Deep Spring, 
and wandered here and there among 
the maples and silver birch. My 
heart was made glad by the evening 
song of the hermit thrush, and made 
glad by the love for Wabi singing in 
my heart. 

When, after some time. I discovered 
my white Mohawk coming towards 
me, I could but admire her maidenly 



The Story of Jack Stoddard 



321 



"beauty. Tall, muscular and erect, 
with piercing black eyes, her abun- 
dant black hair was bound up and held 
by a headband adorned with wam- 
pum. A coat of dressed deer skin was 
fastened about her waist by a dec- 
orated girdle that I greatly admired; 
and a cloth skirt extended below her 
knees, the lower part being beauti- 
fied with strips of wampum. Her 
feet were covered by moccasins of elk- 
hide. I saw Wabi's figure radiant 
with the rays of the setting sun, 
which were reflected by her snow 
white blanket, and her neck orna- 
ments of glittering white. 

The Princess now made me ac- 
quainted with her maidens, Osto- 
sera, the feather, Ovite, the pigeon, 
and Tiskoko, the robin. And by 
them I was made to partake of squirrel 
food, and of strawberries prepared 
with thick syrup of the maple. 

The shades of evening were now 
falling fast, and the hunters and 
warriors of the village ceased from 
their game of shaking- plum-stones 
like dice, and I saw that they rose 
up to drink of strong liquor they had 
bought from white traders, — it being 
first determined' by the dice who of 
them might become drunken, and 
who should remain sober. Then 
there were athletic games and, dances, 
— the trotting dance, and shaking 
the bush, and the duck dance, and 
the knee-rattle dance, and so many 
dances that I could not keep the ac- 
count of them. Before the sports 
were over, I was asked, as a new- 
comer, to run the gauntlet between 
two lines of braves, who were to 
strike at me with rods and clubs. I 
knocked down the first Indian, and 
caught his clu'b; then, as I ran, I 
struck right and left down the whole 
row. This mightily pleased the old 
Indians, and the young braves ap- 
plauded me. 

When, soon after, the most of the 
company fell off to sleep, here and 
there under the trees and about the 
smouldering fires, I had a little time 
to converse alone with Wabi, her 



wide-awake maidens not understand- 
ing our English speech. 

I could hardly quench the inward 
ardor and burning of my heart, as 
she received a highly ornamented 
string of wampum that Ovite handed 
to her. 

"This is the token," said Wabi, 
"that was given me by the father of 
the college in pledge of his purpose 
to send to the Mohawks a teacher. 
And in my heart I have held this 
promise of your coming. The eyes of 
our people are fixed on you to help 
us. From your eyes comes the sun. It 
is like a ray of the morning to my 
cloudy mind, that you have come to 
dwell among us. " 

"It was, indeed," I replied, "a 
happy day that brought me hither. 
My life has long been dead and cold 
like marble, but now a fervent love 
has been breathed into it. " 

More I might have said, but I 
caught a glimpse of King Hendrick 
approaching, who led me to his own 
wigwam for the night. 

The next morning betimes, Hen- 
drick directed Oweya and Owera, 
who were near of kin, to accompany 
me to the Canaseraga hill, about 
five miles up the river, and the Prin- 
cess and her maidens were to go with 
me. The wind and the wing, Oweya 
and Owera, but served as our van- 
guard and rear guard upon the well- 
beaten trail, keeping themselves sepa- 
rated from us at some distance, so 
that I was left to walk with Wabi in 
the splendor of the morning sun- 
shine. The sweet note of the rose- 
breasted grosbeak in the treetops, and 
the oriole with wings of fire in darting 
flights, first here then there, and the 
flashing bluebird, and the tinkling 
rills with their banks of blue gentians, 
and the sparkling dewd'rops upon the 
spires of pink hardback near the 
path,— ail these delighted my senses, 
and my heart was warmed with the 
breathing into my life of something 
that was not my life. 

Beneath the great tree, Sahehona, 
where the old men of the Oneidas and 



322 



The Granite Monthly 



the Onondagas for ages had met to 
tell their adventures, and their young 
men had met for friendly counsel, here 
at the meeting place, at the great 
fountain on the hilltop. I was seated 
with my white Mohawk, and here 
we communed of all that was in our 
heart. 

I confess that my curiosity had 
been greatly piqued since learning 
that Wabi was white, and that Hen- 
drick had but adopted her when she 
was brought in as a captive taken by 
Mohawk warriors in a summer's 
plundering expedition down the St. 
John. 

She barely remembered her mother, 
and really knew nothing of her save 
what she learned from the Milicet 
squaw among the Micmaes by whom 
she was brought up. Arosea could 
speak English, and Wabi's mother in 
dying bade Arosea to train her grow- 
ing child in the English tongue and 
to instruct her in the knowledge of 
God. \ 

"Did Arosea never know where 
your mother's home had been? " 

"Once she spoke about Dover, as 
a town she had heard of; and once 
she spoke of Deerfield, and Pastor 
Williams. " 

Upon this, my heart leaped within 
me. My roommate at Harvard was 
Ithamar Williams whose mother and 
babe had been carried to Xew Bruns- 
wick by the Milicet Indians, never to 
return. 

" My white Mohawk mav be a sister 
of Ith," I said to myself. But I 
could learn nothing more. 

"I have often thought, " said Wabi, 
"of my mother; and wondered about 
her early home, and what might have 
been if I had not been brought up 
among redmen. Yet here I am an 
Indian maiden, the petted daughter 
of a mighty chieftain beloved by the 
English. And I am content and joy- 
ful in it." 

And then she drew herself apart a 
moment, and stood gazing upon me 
most intently: 

"I can in no way express to you, 



Master Stoddard, my joy that it is 
you who came to be my teacher and 

the teacher of my people: for now I 
shall fulfil the wish of my mother, and 
learn more of the English tongue and 
about the God of the English people. 
And I know that for you there will 
be a chain of friendship between us, by 
which we shall be tied to each other, 
and this shall never be broken. We 
will make this chain brighter and 
stronger. And I hope you will take 
care that neither you nor any one 
else shall break it." 

"Out of my rough heart," I an- 
swered, "there leaps the spring 
of human love, of love to you, my 
Princess, as this deep fountain of 
Canaseraga leaps out from this hill- 
top to greet the sun." 

It was a pleasant task set for me hv 
the King at Canajoharie, the Mo- 
hawk capital, to train the young men 
in much of our English lore, and par- 
ticularly to instruct the Princess 
in English. 

"I do not want my beloved 
daughter," said Hendrick to me be- 
neath his breath, "to intermarry with 
our people. And she will not, if she 
knows more about the English." 

I did not know at that time that 
King Hendrick's blood was Mohawk 
only by his mother, who was the 
daughter of a king. His father was 
Mohegan, the wolf, who had been 
adopted by the Mohawks. 

My White Mohawk, as I called her 
when I talked to myself, or when I 
saw her in my dreams, was stronger 
than a man and simpler than a child, 
meek, modest, diffident, and of a 
devout heart, a very lily of purity in 
this savage and solitary wilderness. 
She asked me so sincerely about God, 
that I had to be better than 1 was to 
teach her. I saw her kneel one day to 
kiss the soil, so dedicating these 
Mohawk lands to Jehovah. And she 
was sure that my being there would 
bless her people. 

And I. learned after a time to think 
that she loved me, — a simple, child- 



The Story of Jack Stoddard 



323 



like, and beautiful love,, as unselfish 
and pure as the love of an angel. 
I gathered new strength for toil when 
I saw her. In her presence I forgot 
all the meaner passions of life. To 
me she seemed a very daughter of 
the Great Spirit. 

Yet she was not willing to debate 
of marriage. "The fire of friendship 
is burning between us," she said. 
"We will keep it burning." And one 
day Wabi led me forth to the shining 
river bank, saying, ''Here at the next 
Planting Festival, we will plant trees 
of peace, in token of the love between 
us." 

Yet in lieu of peace, I made bold 
one day to ask Wabi about Kieri, 
whom I already hated. And she con- 
fessed to me that it was, in part, to 
escape his persistent and distasteful 
attentions that she persuaded her 
father to send her to Cambridge. 
And having said this, she smiled most 
seriously, saying: 

"I had hope, indeed, that some one 
would come to us, who' would lead 
our people from the paganism that 
Kieri is always plunging them into 
like a quagmire. The more they 
struggle, the more they cannot get 
out. The clouds hang heavy over us. 
The Great Spirit is not willing to 
have me many, unless, sometime," 
she added, blushing, "to some one 
whom He shall send to me, of my 
mother's own people. If I ever do 
marry, you shall be my husband. 
But, for now, we can but renew the 
chain of our covenant of friendship, 
that I msLy know whether there be a 
weak place in it, to break it, or 
whether it will become rusty. Then, 
too, I see the smoke of the French 
campfires approaching, and our people 
are in great sorrow, and no one knows 
of tomorrow. Yet I cling to you, 
Master Stoddard, in the darkness and 
in the storm that I see sweeping down 
upon us out of the great northland. " 

As the time approached for the 
Feast of the Harvest Moon, If was 
formally made an Indian_by adop- 



tion, the name given me v - being 
Ocheerle. which means fire. This 
was followed by an evening \ feast, 
when a bowl and wooden spoon were 
given me. As we were all partaking 
of the boiled venison, I saw Kieri 
approaching me, accompanied by 
Wabi. Then I knew from his bear- 
ing, that since she would not become 
his wife, neither would he allow her 
to become the wife of another. He 
was nimble and broad-shouldered, 
with black eyes that emitted fire as it 
seemed to me, and he wore about his 
head a band of deer skin, tanned with- 
out removing the hair, and this was 
of scarlet dye. 

When I lay clown to sleep, I opened 
m} r eyes and saw Kieri bending over 
me with a long pointed knife half 
loose in his belt. 

"I came to wish you pleasant 
dreams," he said, when he saw that 
I was awake. And he stole away as 
silently as he had approached. 

Kieri had not only fulfilled the 
King's mandate to summon the 
white chiefs to a council in Albany at 
the time of the Green Corn Festival, 
but he had aroused the Six Nations, — 
stirring them up to campaign against 
the French. 

Upon the day that I took the great 
trail to the Hudson, King Hendrick 
and Curlagu and Kieri were very 
near me, and we were followed by a 
great company of women and youth 
as well as by warriors. The trail 
sometimes passed through fields 
white with buckwheat blossoms, or 
waving with the tasseled maize. 
Pumpkins were on every side like 
ground oranges. In our encamp- 
ments at night we found ourselves 
intermingling with Oneidas, Onon- 
dagas, Tuscaroras, Cayugas, and 
Senecas, who had come from the 
shining streams and fertile lands of 
the west. Kieri was everywhere 
and always so close at hand, that I 
had no opportunity to be left with 
my Wabi for a moment. 

At Albany we found Governor 
Clinton, and Golden of his Majesty's 



324 



The Granite Monthly 



Council for the Province of New 
York, and Sir William Johnson, as 
our hosts, to receive and entertain the 
confederate tribes of the Iroquois. 
Johnson was dressed as an Indian, 
and seated himself upon the ground 
near King Hendrick, saying "The 
earth is my mother, I will rest on her 
bosom." 

Jonathan Edwards was there with 
his oldest son, who was to become a 
minister and a teacher in the Iro- 
quois country, and to him the desire 
of King Hendrick was made known, to 
have a church built at Canajoharie, 
with a bell in it. 

When the speech making began, 
I succeeded in getting a seat next to 
Wabi, her father and Kieri being oc- 
cupied elsewhere. 

King Hendrick had been once in 
England, and his natural talents, his 
sagacity and good judgment secured 
for him great influence. 

"We are come, 1 ' said the King, 
"from the heads of the rivers, from 
the springs whence flow the Ohio, the 
Susquehanna, the Delaware, the Hud- 
son and the St. Lawrence. It 'is easy 
for us in the Long House that extends 
from the Catski.lls to Lake Erie, and 
from the Ontario to the Alleghanies, 
to pass from river to river and go out 
to ail the earth. We are a people 
whose roots are fixed in the sky, that 
cannot be moved. For two score 
generations we have ruled the redmen 
throughout all the land upon all the 
rivers. And into our nations we have 
brought the bravest of the brave, as 
we did the Tuscaroras. We speak 
from the bottom of our hearts, when 
we say that we wish to ally the Eng- 
lish to ourselves. We sprang out of the 
land you sleep upon. It was our gift 
from the Great Spirit. But we have 
given it to you, that you may dwell 
with us as our own people. We have 
taught you how to grow the corn; 
and opened to you our trails and 
water ways, for fur and for fish. If 
a white man travels through our 
country, we dry him if he is wet. we 
warm him if he is cold, and give him 



meat and drink, and we spread furs 
for him to sleep; ami we demand noth- 
ing in return. We only desire that 
no one shall sell rum to our people. 
We ask you to help us get rid of the 
Jesuit spies that come in. who have 
led two hundred of our ardent braves 
to Canada to help the French fight 
the English. We desire you to enter 
into league with us to hinder the 
French from extending their lines 
of forts. And we will fight the French 
as long as we have a man left. " 

And having said this thing, the 
King gave to Governor Clinton a 
belt of purple wampum, saying, — 
"This belt preserves my words." 

It was then that I whispered to 
Wabi, "If there is a great war, I hope 
that Kieri will be killed in battle." 
• But she replied, "I fear lest he will 
kill you first. He knows you love me, 
and he is very jealous, and he has 
spies who see that we sit near each 
other. You will be on your guard the 
next time you meet him. " 

Kieri now addressed the council 
in fiercely worded eloquence: "The 
spirit of the winds, dwelling in the 
great home of the winds in the west, 
is upon me. The Six Nations will 
tread down the French, like the great 
buffalo that our dreams tell of, which 
beats down the forest in his march 
through the land. " 

When the evening feasting was 
followed by games and dances, at 
the very height of the sport, I saw 
Kieri throwing his tomahawk at a 
mark— the mark was a tree near 
which I was standing. I turned 
quickly and concealed myself for an 
instant in a hollow oak, while he 
passed by to pick up his hatchet: 
then I flew in the direction from which 
he came. And I saw him no more, till 
after our return to Canajoharie. 
Epon the very night of our arrival 
Kieri sounded the war whoop and 
struck his tomahawk into the war 
post; and enlisted sixteen hundred 
warriors in the dance that followed. 
And soon after midnight they all left 
the village. 



The Story of Jack Stoddard 



:v2o 



Before daybreak, however, our war 
party encountered the French and 
Indians of the north under Dieskau, 
in such superior numbers that Kieri's 
band fell back. And the French ad- 
vanced upon us like a wave of fire 
rolling over the land. Three hun- 
dred Mohawks were killed within 
an hour, King Hendrick being one 
of the first in the village to fall. 

''I like it well," he said, "that I 
shall die before my heart grows soft. 
or I shall have done anything un- 
worthy of myself.'' 

When Kieri placed his hand upon 
the heart of the dying King, he cried 
out: "The King still lives. He lives 
in Kieri," And Kieri was now the 
king. 

When I saw that Wabi would be 
taken captive, I sought to rescue her, 
but my gun missed fire; and a power- 
ful Indian, Asare quickly raised his 
tomahawk over my head, with a yell 
to surrender. I was tied to a tree, 
that was under the fire of both parties, 
and. my clothing was shot through 
and through. Asare then after the 
firing had ceased, stood at a little 
distance, and repeatedly hurled his 
hatchet into the tree near my head. 
When released, my wrists were tied, 
and I was led away. That night I 
was bound by withes to a small tree; 
and brush was heaped, to burn me 
alive. The crowds gathered, the 
flames crackled, and I began to feel 
the heat, when two French officers 
rushed forward and effected my re- 
lease. 

I next saw Wabi at the dividing of 
the waters between the St. Lawrence 
and the St. John. Those who took 
hor captive were Meernaukes on the 
St. Lawrence, but Asare, my captor, 
was of the Etchemins, canoemen, 
of the St. Croix country, and as they 
divided, in returning to Canada, I 
was separated from Wabi. When 
the Jesuit fathers at Quebec found 
out that Wabi knew the Micmac 
tongue they placed her in the Ur- 
suiine convent, that she might be 



ready for service in a mission they 
were about planting among the In- 
dians eastward. As the time came for 
them to essay to go thither, they 
abode for many da}^s on the St. 
John carry, where there was much 
coming and going. Of this I learned 
when I was taken to Quebec, and I 
was glad when my Etchemin captors 
took their homeward way, since I 
now had hope of seeing Wabi, at 
least in the Micmae country, if not 
at the divide. I wept my eyes out 
and prayed my heart out, that I 
might find her. 

As I approached the Jesuit camp, 
at the dividing of the waters, Asare 
kept me close by him. When I 
caught the aroma of mountain tea 
brewing, I could not believe myself, 
that it was Wabi I saw before me at 
the fireside. She was as shy as an 
affrighted bird, when she saw me still 
kept so fast to my captor, who was 
of a fierce aspect. But it chanced 
ere long that we could be by our- 
selves. 

"I have a great love in my heart 
for you," said the captive. Princess; 
"but I am like a bird trying to rise 
against a storm. I feel the breath 
of the Master of the Universe blowing* 
upon me like a mighty wind out of 
heaven to keep me from saying to you, 
my beloved, what my heart is crying 
out to say.. But if we once come to 
the great land of the Algonquins 
on the rivers of the east, it may be 
that God will give us rest and a happy 
home. Or more happily we may 
chance to go from the east to the 
white settlements of New England; 
and when we are once among those 
of our blood, the spirit of love may 
smile upon us as out of a rainbow 
after the rain. " 

Instantly I heard a musket ball 
strike a tree hard by; and I heard 
shouts before us and behind us. The 
scouts of a new arrival of Miemac 
warriors from the east had come upon 
the divide; and front of us were Kieri 
and the scouts of the Mohawks who 
had captured two hundred canoe 



326 



The Graf ate Monthly 



loads of furs on the St. Lawrence 
side of the carry, and who were about 
pushing on to pass down the St. John 
to surprise the Micmacs. The Mic- 
mac scouts were the strongest: and 
Kieri retired, — having first inwhirled 
my Wabi b} r the arms of his warriors; 
while Asare snatched me away to 
join in with the Miemac party. 

When the Micmacs learned that 
the Mohawks were in. great force, they 
retired down the St. John to warn 
their people of the flood of Iroquois 
threatening to sweep down their 
river. So I was borne away from 
Wabi; but at every camping place I 
left markings upon certain shrubs 
that I knew she would look for, if 
she should follow with Kieri's hostile 
band. 

Kieri quickly gathered his forces to 
pursue the retreating Micmacs, and 
made W T abi his guide down the St. 
John, since she was the only one 
among them all who knew the river 
well. In this office she gladly served, 
hoping, with every paddlestroke that 
she might find me somehow, provi- 
dentially safe from harm in the east. 
They ran down the river more than 
two hundred miles, but our party was 
always a little in advance. Yet when 
the}' reached a point about twenty 
miles above the mouth of the Aroos- 
took tributary, it was so evident that 
they would overtake us before day- 
light, that they decided on making 
a night run. 

Thej' had a great war dance that 
night, having caught Tawine, a 
Micmac straggler, whom they burned 
at the stake. While the Mohawks 
were all wheeling, and moving back, 
this way and that, and yelling and 
stretching out their arms towards the 
lower St. John, and smiting a war 
post with their tomahawks, Kieri 
began to sing: 

"Our murdered Mohawks de- 
mand revenge at our hands; their 
spirits loudly call us to comfort the 
spirits of the dead and revenge their 
blood. " 

Wabi took advantage of this con- 



fusion to plan an escape, thinking 
that with her knowledge of the 
country she could reach me before 
Kieri could overtake her. Rut she 
was too closely watched, and she 
knew that we should all be murdered 
in the morning. 

When upon the late afternoon of 
that same day, Wabi's canoe had 
passed the mouth of the Jonitough 
brook, as they were moving down the 
silent river, she had recognized a 
dark hemlock hill, and a bald ledge 
with a lone tree, and she at once told 
Kieri that they had come to a good 
camping ground. Wabi knew well 
the part of the river they had come to. 

When, therefore, after the evening 
war-dance, the wild and gleeful 
warriors again took to the water, 
Wabi asked Kieri to have the canoes 
follow in a line, since there would be 
quick-water. And the hundred 
canoes were made to bear each a 
blazing torch, to sight rocks, or logs 
made fast, that might be in the river. 
Just before moon-rise, soon after 
midnight, Wabi, who held the stern 
paddle till now, directed the Mohawk 
woman Amena at the fore paddle to 
exchange positions with her. In 
passing, Wabi bade Amena leap out, 
and catch at the limb of a spruce, 
near which they were gliding. 

Kieri was close behind, and thought 
it to be Wabi escaping; but she 
called, "Follow me." And she put 
all her strength to ply her paddle, — 
making the birch fly through the 
water; and Kieri, believing she. would 
escape, made his birch fly more 
swiftly. The woods on the shore 
seemed to run like clouds in a whirl- 
wind. Swifter and swifter swept the 
canoes. An unseen hand from be- 
neath now had hold of them to draw 
them through the water. It was an 
uncontrollable death current. The 
voice of He-no, the thunder god, was 
now roaring like the voice of many 
waters. The canoe torches now ran 
like shooting stars. Then in a mo- 
ment Wabi's light was lost. And one 
after another, a hundred of them, 



The Story of Jack Stoddard 



32; 



they all plunged eighty feet over the 
Great Falls of the St. John. 

Our Micmae camp was early astir. 
The river was full of the bodies 
of the Mohawks and their broken 
birches. I buried the body of Wabi, 
and buried my heart with her. 

In the evening as I stood shivering 
by the fire and shaking with a name- 
less terror, Amena, the Mohawk 
woman, was brought in, and she told 
me her story. And I was made glad 



by the coming to me of Percy Butler, 
an old neighbor of my people at 
Northampton. From him I learned 
that he had been captured when my 
parents were and their children, and 
that ever since he had dwelt here. 
And from him I learned why it was 
that the breath of the Great Spirits 
as a mighty wind out of heaven, had 
interposed between myself and Wabi, 
and yet why I loved her. She was my 
twin sister. 



THE CUP OF PAIX 

I dreamed I stood within a place 

Where moved a throng of people vast ; 

And some with hurried step went on. 
While others lingered as they passed. 

And through their midst an angel moved 
Bearing a cup within his hand, 

Which, ever and anon, he passed 
To someone, with a stern command. 

And one would strike it angrily, 

Whence bitter, scalding drops would rain 
Upon the hands of those who came 

To help him in his hour of pain. 

Another took it covertly, 

Drinking it down with stealthy sips, 
And hid it 'neath his mantle, while 

He laughed and sang with ashen lips. 

With steady hand another took 

The cup, while toward the people faced, 
And those who looked upon him said, 

k; Tis nectar, not the gall, he tastes." 



And as I mused, the angel came 
And held the cup before my sight. 

"Oh, not to met" I cried, — and straight, 
The vision vanished in the night. 



A. C. 



w 



THE PAGEANT OF PLYMOUTH 

One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Founding of the 

Town 

By Eleanor J. Clark 



The celebration of our one hundred 
and fiftieth anniversary had been 
brewing since midwinter. Efficient 
committees had planned and worked, 
and the time had come. On Friday 
and Saturday. July 11 and 12. the 
staid old town burst forth in a per- 
fect fever of bunting — red, white and 
blue — unchecked, but not undamped 
by frequent showers. 

Sunday, the 13th, was the opening 
day, an ideal one, of cool breezes and 



It was a quiet and reverent throng 
of village people — farmers and their 
families from this and surrounding 
towns, and the home-comers from 
many states, some from the Pacific 
shores, even. People sat on ancient 
settees, or in their wagons or autos, 
west of the Common. Even the great 
touring cars of through travelers to 
the mountains, who had right of way 
on the east side, mended their man- 
ners and ceased to honk, and snort, 



lb 



;■•-: 



._^j 



Coming of the First Settlers 



sunshine, tempered by great, fleecy 
clouds that made one think of 

' ' Old friends looking back at you, 
From the clouds of gold and white and 
blue. ' ' 

We gathered on the Common where 
we are wont to gather for daily chat, 
for our band concerts, when the circus 
comes to town • or for the great things 
of our lives — when the ''Boys in 
Blue" marched away from "little 
boy blue" left at home. 



and throw dust, while the tourists 
paused a moment to view the peaceful 
scene and, perchance, think of their 
"old homes." 

The ministers, our band, and the 
singers were seated in the band-stand. 
In this was a rude pulpit from the 
first meeting house on Ward's Hill. 

The opening prayer was by Rev. 
W. II. "Ward of New York, a descend- 
ant of Rev. Nathan Ward, the first 
minister, who came with the first set- 
tlers in 1763. 



MH 



330 



The Granite Monthly 



Then our bird-girl, the flower of an 

old New England family, sang to us 
the "Homeland 1 ' in tones as sweet 
and clear as our own thrushes. 

Then the great Past took us by the 
hand and led us all backward, whether 
we would or not; and they whom we 
had known and loved, and they — our 
forefathers whom we knew only as a 
name — were with us, and it was not 
only the Past, but the great Future 
and Time that rolls on, bearing us to 
a Past; the whole world movement 
and brotherhood, which we forget in 
every-day life, came to us. It was 
good for us all to be there. 



hue; pewter utensils; exquisite old 
samplers and hand embroideries; 
hand-woven napery of various pat- 
t e ins ; sheets a,n d pill o w <? as es ; b e a i . i - 
tiful old blue coverlets and checked 
blankets; exquisite old silk shawls; a 
tiny pair of linen breeches, said to 
have been worn by the infant. John 
Adams, when his mother presented 
him to Lafayette; an old clock which 
ticked away the hours in Daniel "Web- 
ster's family; a hand-loom, over 150 
years old, operated by its owner, Mrs. 
Manson York, the center of interest; 
a spinning wheel with Mrs. St. John 
spinning yarn • old wooden canteens 



""" 



^V»V>! ;-.~-y~ 



Photo from Dalton Studio 






Smoking the Peace Pipe 



The minister read to us a sermon 
preached long ago by Rev. Jonathan 
Ward, when no man in that company 
was more than a mere boy, and few 
had begun life. 

This Sunday meeting gave the key- 
note of the celebration. 

On Monday people thronged the 
lower floor of the beautiful High 
School, where the loan exhibit of an- 
cient relics was shown, in charge of 
ladies of the town. It was a curious 
and interesting display: the original 
charter granting the land to the first 
comers to Plymouth in 1763 ; old books 
of religion, mathematics and history ; 
beautiful old china of rare shapes and 



borne by Revolutionary soldiers ; later 
ones used in 186.1; old flint-lock mus- 
kets and powder horns; the war out- 
fit of our townsman, Manson Brown, 
during his service in the Civil War; 
foot warmers and old tin bakers; 
beautiful old furniture ; a curious lit- 
tle pair of tongs which an old-time 
smoker used to clean his pipe, nil it 
and take a coal from the fireplace to 
light it ; and, dating farther back 
than these, Indian relies — a rolling- 
pin and paddle. 

It was not simply a curious display 
to Us, but the Past was still withers, 
teaching us in a tender and beautiful 
way. As one weary, elderly woman 



The 



int of Plymouth 



331 



expressed it, "Their heads don't aelie 
and they are better oft* than we." 
People lingered to tell how their 
mother's and grandmother's things Jat 
home were like these, or better, and to 
recall the old times. Then old friends, 
so long separated that Old Time had 
changed them to strangers, would 
meet, gaze, then clasp hands and visit. 
Monday evening Rev. Clinton Wil- 
son, a former pastor, and John Ken- 
iston, untiring chairman of the cele- 
bration, gave a talk on pictures, 
thrown on the screen through the 
kindness of George Clark and Dr. 
Herbert Lamson. Here flashed before 



ideal weather, cool, with great feath- 
ery clouds tempering the sun's 
warmth. A parade made up of floats 
showing the progress of our home in- 
dustries and our schools, accompanied 
by Keniston's band, started at nine. 
In the rear were the oldest citizens of 
the town, in automobiles loaned for 
the occasion". The very oldest citizen 
of all, Mr. Warren Wilkinson,* who 
proudly holds the oldest man's cane, 
lay at home ill in his bed, grieving 
that he could not take part as he had 
hoped. 

After the parade came speeches on 
the Common by our returned sons of 



'- 






gi&i . -•■ — -"- -~' 




- 




/ .> f • \ 


M 


"1L> 


.... 


- 


PLYMOUTH 



An Old Chaise 



us old-time Plymouth and the faces of 
those who moulded our civic life years 
before, long since passed away. It 
was well the hall was dark for 
many of us had big lumps in our 
throats and our eyes troubled us more 
than usual, especially when our bird- 
girl, Willielmina Keniston, sang 
"Home, sweet home," and we knew 
the lumps and the ache were for the 
homes that were but are not. The 
hall was crowded, while many stood. 
As one delicate 'woman expressed it, 
"I forgot that I was standing and 
that I was tired. I was so interested." 
Tuesday morning dawned, the same 



note and prominent citizens, the un- 
veiling of a tablet set in a boulder, on 
the site of the first academy in town — ■ 
the old Holmes Academy. Mrs. Jen- 
nie Webster gave the address in be- 
half of the local D. A. R., which 
presented this Memorial. 

After a late and hasty dinner we 
and all our visiting friends and rela- 
tives, with "city boarders" from far 
and near, trooped to the grounds of 
Davis Keniston, an ideal spot of knoll, 
level, amphitheatre, and woodland 
background, where the pageant was 
given. 

"Since deceased. 



332 



The Granite Monthly 



Here we saw the encamp men t of 
Indians, smoking the peace pipe, the 
coming of the first white man. Baker, 
and the famous battle on the "Ox- 
bow." 

Then came the episodes of granting 
the charter, drawing the lots, the com- 
ing of the settlers, afoot, a horseback, 
and in ox-teams, all in old time cos- 
tumes : then the first religious serv- 
ice under the trees. Along with the 
settlers was the lamb from whose wool 
the housewife spun, wove, and made 
a suit of clothes for her son to hasten 
to the Revolutionary War. Said 
lamb was an unwilling participant, 
holding back with # all his strength 
from the demure Puritan maiden at- 
tempting to lead him, until a tiny 
Puritan lad in tall hat and cloak 
boosted his lambship from the rear. 

Next there was a beautiful scene of 
a -reception to Governor Benning 
Wentworth and his good lady, where 
constant eourtesying made our mid- 
dle-aged Jmees ache in sympathy. 
Then a stately minuet was danced by 
the younger members of the party. 
• Guests arrived at a quilting bee in 



ancient 4W chaises," and a nutter of ex- 
citement was manifest when the par- 
son, induced a comely damsel to don 
her "calash" and ride oil' with him — 
whence we knew not ! 

Students arrived at Holmes Acad- 
emy in a stage coach used in 1806, 
with six prancing horses that nearly 
pranced over the stately preceptress 
who was waiting to receive her pupils, 
and who graded them nicely by the 
amount of manners they possessed. 
("Why not a good suggestion?) 

Then came the merry-making at a 
muster, where whole families nocked 
in to witness the military drill of the 
militia, and exchange the news. 

Last, all the members of the pag- 
eant circled the field in review before 
they dissolved again into the Past, 
through the shadowy green paths of 
the woodland. 

In the evening we gathered once 
more, on the Common, a tired but 
resolute throng, to listen to the really 
fine program Keniston's band gave us, 
and to see the fireworks which closed 
the celebration of our one hundred 
and 'fiftieth anniversary. 



A TOAST 

By Stewart Everett Roive 

Come, my Queen, a toast I'll offer- 
Yes, a toast to you and me; 

Are you ready? Well, I'll proffer 
Now the words in dreams I see. 



Here's to you for whom I treasure 
All the best that's in my soul; 

May your life be filled with pleasure, 
Mav you win vour every goal! 



Ma} T our friendship peris h never 

In the ages yet to be ; 
Rather, may it live forever, 

Yes, for ail Eternity! 



A WHITE MOUNTAIN SOJOURN 



By George Wilson Jennings 



Patti once wrote in a friend's au- 
tograph album, lines which read in 
this wise: "Go to friends for advice, 
strangers for charity, and relatives 
for nothing, and you will always have 
a supply.*' In the writer's opinion, 
he would have said, "Go to relatives 
for advice, relatives for charity, and 
relatives for a good time, and you will 
always have a bountiful supply." 

One sultry clay, late in June, while 
seated in his office in Park Row. New 
York City, the writer was handed a 
letter by one of the faithful letter 
carriers from the General Post Office, 
from a favorite relative who resides 
in the southern part of the Granite 
State. This letter contained a cordial 
invitation to join a party of ten, who 
were to make a tour of the White 
Mountains by automobile. This most 
generous invitation was ' accepted at 
once and, in due time, preparations 
were made and, after a journey of 
nine hours by rail, I found myself 
landed, with a dress suit case, at the 
hospitable home* of my relatives on 
Silver Street, in the pleasant City 
of Dover, where a hearty greeting 
awaited me. There I found that ex- 
tensive preparations had been made 
for this extended trip, on the evening 
of our departure, generous lunches 
prepared, and three cars in perfect 
condition for the trip on the morrow. 

The following day, ten merry, con- 
genial relatives and friends started 
on the journey in an Oakland, an 
Overland, and the little "Steamer" 
(which was a record breaker). In 
this car, there was a happy couple, 
two of Dover's prominent residents. 

It was our intention to make the 
destination Jackson, X. II., and head- 
quarters at the Jackson Falls House. 
Soon we were under way, going at a 
lively clip, and not a cloud in sight. 
It was one of those cool, crisp morn- 
ings of which the State of New Hamp- 



shire can boast. Our first stop was 
Rochester. There we tarried to wait 
for the two other machines which 
were delayed to take aboard some 
more things for the "inner man." 

Soon we were moving toward the 
foothills of the mountains, and what 
a wondrous view met our gaze at 
this splendid July sunrise! Could 
any of my readers picture in their 
lives a time when one particular trip 
was ever in the mind's eye, this trip 
would be such an occasion. 

The party having relegated all care 
to the four winds of the earth, which 
the winds did not harbor, over the 
hills and the State roads we sped, not 
going more than twenty-five miles an 
hour; on every road meeting parties 
that were not nearly as happy as our- 
selves, at least that was our impres- 
sion. Robert G. Ingersoll once said: 
"Happiness is the only good. The 
place to be happy is here. The time 
to be happy is now. The way to be 
happy is to make others so. ' ' 

What marvelous views we witnessed! 
As far as the eye could, reach, we 
looked upon hills and lakes. The 
woodlands — great forests of spruce, 
hemlock and pine, with white birches 
interspersed — added to the beauty of 
the picture One would never sus- 
pect that any of these forests had ever 
been cut down, and yet this has been 
going on for many, many years. Spe- 
cial mention must be made of Silver 
Lake. Could there be a more beauti- 
ful sheet of water than this, reflecting, 
as a mirror, its wonderful serenity. 
It is fully as interesting as Mirror 
Lake in the Yosemite Valley, as one 
of our party said who had been many 
times to that section of the far West — 
"surely the Granite State is doubly 
beautiful in having these lakes and 
hills." As a writer has expressed it: 
"God bless New Hampshire for her 
granite peaks." 



333 



334 



The Granite Monthly 



After leaving North Conway, we 
found ourselves speeding down many 
grades, then on the heights. It mat- 
tered not whether we were on the 
heights or low lands, the joyousrfess 
of our party was never at ebb. With 
an occasional plunge through a pri- 
meval forest, then a glimpse of a 
mountain lake, with the magnificent 
view of fifty miles of mountains, one 
of our party exclaimed, "How won- 
drous are thy works, Lord!" 

"And lo! the Granite Hills print the dis- 
tant sky, 
And o 'er their airy forms the faint clouds 

driven, 
So softly blending, that the cheated eye, 
Forgets or which is earth or which is 
Heaven. ' ' 

One amusing incident occurred 
when we stopped at a farm house to 
procure some water for the machines, 
and the thirsty crowd. We politely 
asked an elderly woman at this house 
if she would let us have some water, 
and she sternly replied, "The well is 
locked," and again we asked if she 
would just let us have two quarts ; and 
again she replied, "No." Then one 
of our party said he recalled an old 
saying of his mother's many years ago 
which he quoted "to the woman at 
the farm house, "I thought that water 
was free, always free, but it is denied 
to me." Then the woman savagely 
replied, "Now you will not have a 
drop." Just a little farther on we 
found a brook of cool, clear water, 
where we helped ourselves most boun- 
tifully and then and there came to 
the conclusion that nature was more 
generous than mankind, or woman- 
kind, in this case in particular. 

Leaving Intervale, our party de- 
cided that scenery did not appease 
our appetites. We soon found a spot 
in the woods which was an ideal place 
for refreshment, and in particular for 
the three Doverites who drove the cars 
it was certainly "from labor to re- 
freshment. ' ' Here we picnicked truly 
in earnest, and how we all did enjoy 
our meal that was prepared by the 
ladies of our party, as all New Eng- 



enders are the best in this line, and 
most bountiful providers. This re- 
past was fit for a king, or queen, after 
which we rested a while (but did not 
walk the proverbial mile). Our eyes 
again feasted on the landscape, for 
we were loath to leave this enchanted 
place. 

Our party continued in wonder- 
ment. As we neared Jackson, we 
gazed at the scene here unfolded. 
Adjectives are inadequate to express 
one's feelings. But the "low descend- 
ing sun" warned us that this delight- 
ful day was almost over. We could 
see Jackson in the distance — a most 
fascinating little village with encir- 
cling hills, whose slopes were adorned 
with some of the most magiuficent 
trees, and the Jackson Falls near at 
hand. Although the Falls were handi- 
capped by their name, they presented 
a wonderful picture as the late after- 
noon sun threw its light over them, 
and their melody rose and fell like the 
pulsing of an orchestra. Later they 
sang a magic lullaby to the weary 
tourists of the Jackson Falls House, 
whither they had gone to spend the 
night. 

The mountains always suggest an 
uplifting to mankind. There one is 
away from the sordid side of life, 
and the environments are a very great 
benefit to mind and body. The higher 
up in life tends to elevate. Time 
speeds as with wings as we reluctantly 
leave this delightful spot. 

It was a timely expression the 
writer, John Richard Van Dine, once 
made upon his return from the White 
Mountains — "Old age may overtake 
one, but time can never obliterate 
from the storehouse of memory the 
splendor which my eyes beheld dur- 
ing my trip through this wonderful 
country. ' ' 

This seems to be the only section of 
New England in which to rest when 
one is perplexed, worn out in body, 
mind and spirit. With this exhila- 
rating air, marvelous scenery, and 
pure spring water, surely these hills 
and mountains will make the feeble 



A White Mountain Sojourn 335 

strong, and the well greatly rejirve- '/ To the hills we 'torn for strength 

nated. As Moses Gage Shirley lias Wherever our lot we're casting. 

written in a recent magazine article, For wc Mw they will abide. 

which expresses the true sentiment: For they are everlasting." 



TO MIRA 

My Playmate in Childhood, my Schoolmate in Girlhood, and my Friend 

always 

By Mary E. Kelly* 

I sit dreaming, dreaming m the twilight, 

The twilight soft, and gray, 
And the years roll backward at my will 

To one bright Autumn day. 
The sun had set, and all without; 

Had faded into night, 
And, through a garret window, stole 

The last dim rays of light. 



T'was an old-time garret chamber, 

Yet in all its misty gloom, 
T'was fairer far to us, Mir a. 

Than many a grander room. 
There on a rafter hung our swing, 

There was our doll house too, 
And just within an open door 

Were our tea things, full in view. 

There we had passed the livelong day, 

With childhood's sweet content;" 
Our busy hands, with mimic skill, 

On household labors bent. 
Flitting like birds from place to place, 

On that old oaken floor,. 
T'was only the sunset's shadowy light , 

That warned us day was o'er. 

Many a summer's come, and gone 

Since there we romped, and played. 
And brought Aunt Fanny up to hush, 

The racket that we made. 
The loving soul was all too kind 

To scold us for the noise; 
She eluded, but she petted, too, 

Then left us with our toys. 

*This poem was dedicated to Mrs. Almira Jennings of Brooklyn, New York, by her life long 
friend Miss Mary E. Kelley of Durham, New Hampshire. 



336 The Granite Monthly 

In after-time the schooldays came, 

In the brick house on the green 
That sloped down to the river side, 

The wagon road between. 
Our duties still were one, Mira, 

Our pleasures all were shared, 
And bending o'er the self-same page 

Our lessons were prepared. 

We trod the self-same path, Mira, 

In our goings to, and fro; 
Your home stood high upon a hill, 

And mine was just below. 
Then came the years of riper growth. 

When schooldays were no more, 
And each stepped forward to a life 

She had lived in dreams before. 

But as we went, our ways diverged, 

And only once have crossed; 
All save the memory of our love, 

In the deepening past is lost.. 
With other friends, in other scenes, 

These latter years we spent, 
Our busy hands with purpose strong. 

On sterner duties bent. 

We've climbed life's rugged hill, Mira, 

'Till our brows are seamed with care, 
And the snow that crowns its top, Mira, 

Is gathered in our hair. 
But the golden light is stealing, 

Stealing o'er its snowy crest, 
And we know it is break of dawn for us, 

In the land where pilgrims rest. 

'Tis the land where our paths will meet again, 

'Tis this life's further shore, 
Where no shadowy gleams from a sunset sky, 

Will warn us day is o'er; 
For our lives in light divine, Mira, 

Will burn with a full content, 
Our busy hands and glowing heart's 

On the Master's service bent. 



BEAUTIFUL THINGS 

By Moses G. Shirley 

Beautiful thoughts and beautiful deeds, 

Beautiful hearts for giving, 
All of these make a beautiful world 

And every life worth living. 



7 



REMINISCENCES OF 
NUMBER TWO 



SCHOOL DISTRICT 
IN ACWORTH 



By C harks A. Brackett, D. M. D. 



This, the Deny Hill District, in the 
early 60 \ was the home oi a good 
population. There were no aban- 
doned farms or vacant residences. 
The occupant of every farm was its 
owner, and there were none in pov- 
erty. They were generally in prosper- 
ous circumstances, producing from 
the fertile soil, the fruit orchards and 
the sugar orchards, a large share of 
what they needed to consume. In 
most of the homes there were chil- 
dren, so that there was a good attend- 
ance upon the short terms of school, 
which seldom amounted to more than 
about twenty weeks in a year. 

The school house was centrally and 
very pleasantly located in the district. 

From it may be seen Mount Monad- 
nock, some thirty miles to the south. 
In the winter the northerly winds al- 
ways made a big drift of snow across 
the road just west of the schoolhouse. 
It used to he said that the southerly 
part of that drift, just below the road, 
was fifteen feet deep. That may have 
been a little exaggeration, but it is 
true that on the first day of April, 
1864, a man drove with a horse and 
sleigh from Langdon village to Ac- 
worth village, going a part of the way 
in the road and in other places across 
the fields and over the tops of the 
fences. A thaw and rain had been fol- 
lowed by the freezing of the top of 
the snow to a crust strong enough to 
carry a horse. 

On the one farm to the north of the 
schoolhouse lived Grin D. Taylor and 
family. Near the schoolhouse, east- 
erly, was the home of Henry Gleason 
and his son-in-law, Alonzo A. Mathew- 
son. The eldest son, Robert D. Glea- 
son, was extremely anxious to en- 
list as a soldier in the war of the 
Rebellion. By importunity lie got 
his mother to consent, but she did so 
only on the condition that his go- 



ing should be necesary to fill out 
the town's quota. Arriving at the 
place of enlistment he found two 
others whose enlistment would just 
make up the required number; but he 
got in between them so as to have his 
name in the place of the man complet- 
ing the allotted number. The other 
man came after, so that on that call 
Acworth furnished one more than its 
quota of volunteers. 

Next easterly, on the road to the 
Center, was the home of Allen Ilay- 
ward, and close to it the home of Flint 
Polley. The Polley home became but 
a memory years ago, only the cellar 
walls and the shrubbery marking its 
former location. Mr. Polley was not 
only a farmer, but he often officiated 
in the neighborhood as a veterinary 
surgeon. 

Nearest the village was the home of 
the Blanehards— David Blanchard 
and his son Solon, with his family. 
David Blanchard was then advanced 
in years, but he kept well informed 
and maintained his interest in affairs. 
By precept and example he sought to 
inculcate in the young right living 
and good principles. If he found that 
a child was doing well in school he was 
sure to seek out that child and give it 
praise and encouragement. 

The first farm on the road toward 
South Acworth was that of John Hay- 
ward, and next to that was the home 
of Azael EL Church and his mother. 
Mr. Church was justly renowned in 
the town as a chopper of wood. He 
went to the war as a member of the 
Fifth New Hampshire Regiment. 

South from the schoolhouse was the 
home of Sylvester A. Reed and of Mrs. 
Reed's father, Capt. James Wallace. 
Even in that time and place of in- 
dustry the family were noteworthy as 
hard workers. Captain Wallace was 
vigorously at work, breaking roads 



!3S 



The Granite Monthly 



and shoveling through the snow drifts 
on the day that he was eighty-live 
years old. 

At the end of the road south lived 
Nehemiah Hayward and family. The 
eldest son had then become a. physi- 
cian, practicing in Obeiiin, Ohio. 
Another son, Junius A., was a soldier 
in the war. 

Through tlie woods, southwest,, was 
the Theron Duncan farm. Mr. Dun- 
can was an enterprising progressive 
man, the first in the neighborhood to 
use a mowing machine and other 
forms of farm machinery. He was 
among the pioneers in the manufac- 
ture and sale of horse hay rakes with 
wheels. September 19, 1862, Mr. 
Theron Duncan and his eldest son, 
John B. Duncan, the latter then but 
sixteen years old, enlisted for the war, 
and of the ninety-nine men who went 
to the front from Acworth none made 
a more brilliant record or a more he- 
roic and complete sacrifice than did 
these two. Both rendered much vig- 
orous service in many • battles, and 
both fell in actual conflict, the father 
at Drury's Bluff, shot in the head, 
May 13, 1864, and the son at Fort 
Fisher, shot through the body, Janu- 
ary 15, 1865, and dying a few days 
afterwards. 

Down the hill southwest was the 
home of John F. and James A. 
Dickey, two brothers, husbands of 
two sisters, daughters of Capt. Samuel 
King. Both were good citizens, and 
few have ever been able to serve their 
fellows in more varied capacities than 
did the eider of these brothers, John 
Freeman. Then, and later, in Ac- 
worth and Alstead, he held succes- 
sively and through many years almost 
all the offices in the gift of his fellow 
citizens. He was farmer, carpenter, 
conductor of funerals, settler of es- 
tates, worker in church and Masonic 



lodge. "Not the least of his functions 
was as violinist. On numberless oc- 
casions he furnished the music for 
kitchen dances and more pretentious 
affairs. 

In the extreme southwest of the 
district was the home of David Buss. 
He was a Democrat, not favoring the 
war. Once in town meeting, dis- 
turbed by the appropriations which 
were being made, he got up and 
moved that the back of the town hall 
be painted green, so as to make it a 
legal tender for the town's debts. 

Just west of the schoolhouse was the 
home of Mrs. Betsey "Warner and her 
sons, Curtis and John Warner. To 
this place and the Gleason place, on 
the east, the children of the school 
made many trips for drinking water. 

Down the hill to the west was the 
home of Joseph Brackett, and across 
the deep valley of Crane brook, and 
up another steep hill, was the farm 
of Joseph G. Silsby. In the north- 
west corner of the district was the 
fine farm of Dea. Zenas Slader. 

This little school district, in addition 
to the fine men that have been men- 
tioned, sent to the war three others, 
Joseph A. Dickey, George P. Dickey 
and Abram Buswell. 

Notwithstanding all the struggles 
and trials of those times there was 
much of comfort and happiness. 
Neighborhood friendship and socia- 
bility prevailed. Particularly in the 
winter there was time for rest and 
recreation. There was very much for 
which to be thankful ; and it is greatly 
to be deplored that these worthy peo- 
ple that have been in part named 
and who have nearly all passed away 
should not have had their numbers 
more than made good by successors, to 
profit b}' the advantages and. enjoy 
the charms of this beautiful district. 



SCHOOL DAYS 



3 2><i 



/:>{/ Frances M. Pray 



The little white schoolhouse, where 
we used to go, stood by the side of a 
typical sandy and rocky Xew England 
country road. Just below it was the 
red bridge, over the rocky brook 
where we were always so anxious to 
go to fill the water pail. Teacher's 
little helpers? Judge for yourself 
when the fact is known that we never 
felt the pangs of thirst until after 
morning devotions and the arithmetic 
classes were in order. Then how dry 
our throats became! Surely it would 
be an impossibility to wait until 
recess time for relief. "Teacher" 
usually preferred, as the less of two 
evils, to let us go and satisfy our 
longings rather than spend the session 
looking at waving hands, or other 
things that might be forthcoming, 
provided the water was not allowed. 

If the four walls of the old school- 
room could talk, what tales they would 
tell. As it is, they can give a story in 
their silent way through the scratched 
initials and free-hand sketches traced 
over their once white- washed surfaces. 
And the benches, too, with their 
tracer}' of jackknife carving — what 
character sketches they might give 
us, if we only had the ears to hear! 

When the bell rang for noon dis- 
missal, how our bare, brown feet 
crowded toward the door. Oh, the 
delights of those fragrant spring days! 
How many times have we captured 
unwary "speckled beauties'' from the 
little stony brook, with a string and 
bent pin on the end of a hickory pole 
as our ordy fishing tackle. How we 
used to scamper across the meadow, 
with its big elm in the middle, to the 
woods beyond, where we pushed away 
the dead leaves and clinging vines, 
trying to be the ones to find the first 
pink buds of the arbutus. 

Then upon our ears would come 
the insistent summons of the teacher's 
bell. How slowly those feet, so eager 
but an hour ago, dragged themselves 



back to the gates of learning once 
more! How hot the sun felt. How 
it beat through the west windows 
over the heads that could not keep 
their eyes on the book, but let them 
wander out again to the green meadow 
and the cool shade by the roadside. 
Finally, after a seeming eternity, the 
hands of the clock crept around to 
four and then — ! Oh, joyous freedom 
again, and picking up our dinner 
pails, back we trudged to the yellow 
farmhouse with the lilacs and cinna- 
mon rose bushes in the front yard 
and around the door. 



One day we picked up our books 
and slates for the last time in the old 
schoolhouse — and that was many 
years ago. Where is Bill Smith now — 
Bill, who never could get in at nine 
o'clock, but came tagging along half 
an hour late, his fishpole over his 
shoulder? Jim Ames, too; Jim, who 
could lick any boy in the room, and 
Bob Clark, Dick Andrews and all 
the other fellows — where are they? 
And last the pretty little girl, the 
only girl, who, in our boyish fancy, 
" amounted to much anyway," with 
her blue-checkered apron and her 
pink sunbonnet? True, she always 
screamed and ran when we brought 
big black spiders from the brook to 
lay upon her desk, or when we chased 
her with little green snakes. How- 
ever, her nature was the forgiving 
kind and by noontime she was al- 
ways ready to offer the extra cookies 
or turnovers from her dinner pail to 
us, ever hungry boys. 

Yes, where are they all? Some 
have gone west, others to the big 
city, several have answered the call 
that one day will come to all of us, 
and one is still living on the old home 
place— but it is not the old yellow 
farmhouse, with the lilacs and cinna- 
mon roses around the door. 



3Vo 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



PROF. JOHN R. EASTMAN 

Prof. John Robie Eastman, born on Beech 
Hill in Andover, July 29, 1836, died at his 
home in that town September 26, 1913. 

Professor Eastman was the son of Royal 
F., and Sophronia (Mayo) Eastman. He 
was educated at the public schools, the acad- 
emies in Andover and New London, and 
Dartmouth College, graduating from the 
latter in 1S62. Twenty-live years later he 
received the degree of Ph. D., from the same 
institution. During the time in which he 
was securing his education he taught district 
schools in the winter seasons. In Novem- 
ber following his graduation from Dart- 
mouth, he was appointed assistant in the U. 
S. Naval Observatory at Washington, and 
on February 17, 1865, was promoted to the 
position of Professor of Mathematics in the 
Navy, with the rank of Lieutenant Com- 
mander. He continued in service, as an 
astronomer, engaged as an observer and in- 
vestigator, until October 12, 1S9S, his serv- 
ice at the observatory being the longest 
continuous service in the history of the insti- 
tution. Most of his observations and re- 
searches were published in the annual 
volumes of the government observatory 
where he was in charge of Meridian circle 
work from 1874 to 1891. 

Professor Eastman observed total solar 
eclipses at Des Moines, Iowa, August 7, 
1809, at Syracuse, Sicily, December 22. 1S70, 
at West Las Animas, Col., July 29, 1878, and 
at Barnesville, Ga., May 28, 1900. He was 
in charge of the - government expedition 
to observe the transit of Venus at Cedar 
Keys, Fla., December 6. 1882. 

He prepared and edited the ' ' Second 
"Washington Star Catalog" which con- 
tained results of over 80,000 observations 
made at the United States Naval Observa- 
tory from 1866 to 1891. Since his retire- 
ment he has revised, recomputed and 
corrected the results of the observations of 
the sun, moon, planets and comets made at 
the Naval Observatory from 1866 to 1891, 
and the work was published by the naval 
observatory. He was a member of several 
scientific organizations and was the first 
president of the Washington Academy of 
Sciences. He was a member and has been 
president of the Cosmos Club of Washing- 
ton, D. C. He retired at the age limit, 62, 
from active service in the navy, July 29, 
1898, with the rank of Captain, but by 
special order continued on duty until Octo- 
ber 12, 1898. On June 29, 1906, he was pro- 
moted to the rank of Rear Admiral, U. S. 
Navy. 

Since 1879 Professor Eastman had been 
a fellow of the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science, of which he 
was twice vice-president. He was also a 



past president of the Dartmouth Alumni 
Association of Washington, and a past vice- 
president of the Dartmouth General Alumni 
Association. 

He had represented Andover in the Legis- 
lature and had been a member of the State 
Board of Equalization. He was a Democrat 
in politics. His recent important work was 
a history of the town of Andover, 

Before his retirement he purchased the 
farm on Beech Hill, which his grandfather 
had cleared from the wilderness and where 
he was born. 

On December 25, 1866, Professor East- 
man married Mary J., daughter of Samuel 
A. and Dorothy (Atkinson) Ambrose of 
Boscaweu, who survives him. He also leaves 
a sister, Miss Helen Eastman of Danbury. 

•JOHN W. KELLEY 

John W. Kelley of Portsmouth, a leading 
lawyer of that city and of the State, died 
at the Carey Hill Hospital, Brookline, Mass. r 
after a long illness, September 20, 1913. 

Mr. Kelley was born in Portsmouth De- 
cember 3, 1865, the son of John and Ellen 
Kelley. He graduated from the Portsmouth 
High School, and from Dartmouth College 
in the class of 18SS, in which he w r as a 
leader and of which he was president. He 
was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi Fra- 
ternity, and of the Sphynx Society; was a 
manager of the football team, business man- 
ager of the Dartmouth, and one of the or- 
ganizers of the Dartmouth Glee and Banjo- 
Clubs. 

Upon leaving college he commenced the 
study of law with Prink and Bachelder of 
Portsmouth, but after two years engaged in 
teaching as principal of the Whipple Gram- 
mar School where he continued three and a 
half years, when he resigned and entered 
upon the practice of the law in his native 
city, having been admitted to the bar in 
1891, and continuing in successful practice 
up to the time of his last illness. 

Mr. Kelley had twice served as city so- 
licitor of Portsmouth, was a member of the 
school board for three years, water commis- 
sioner for several years and solicitor of 
Rockingham County for six years. He at- 
tained prominence in the Eddy ease, being 
retained by the son and other heirs in the- 
first of the proceedings against the estate of 
Mrs. Mary Baker G. Eddy. Of late years 
he had been among leading counsel of the 
Boston and Maine railroad in New Hamp- 
shire, and his last important work was m 
connection with the recent rate hearing by 
the New Hampshire Public Service Commis- 
sion. He also was a United States Com- 
missioner for New Hampshire. 

Mr. Kelley was a member of Alpha Coun- 
cil, Royal Arcanum, the New Hampshire 



New Hampshire Necrology 



341 



Historical Society and of many Portsmouth 
clubs. Besides a wife he leaves two chil- 
dren, Barbara B. and John S., also two sis- 
ters. Mrs. Mary A. McCarty of Washing ton, 
ami Mrs, Margaret E. Callaii, wife of Major 
Callan, U. S. A., stationed at Fort Andrews, 
Boston. 

HON. JOHN SWETT 

One of the most eminent and successful 
educators ever sent out from the Granite 
State was the Hon. John Swett, a native of 
the town of Pittsfield, born July 31, 1S30. He 
was educated in the public schools and at 
McGaw Normal Institute. Reed's Ferry, 
from which he graduated in 1S51. In his 
youth he was a voluminous and most inter- 
esting contributor to the old Boston Culti- 
vator, under the noni-de- plume of "Jack," and 
his productions therein appearing are still 
remembered with pleasure by some of the 
o'der people of New England. 

In 1852 he went to California, making the 
trip around the Horn, and in 1S53 became the 
principal of a grammar school in San Fran- 
cisco. 

After ten years of service in that capacity, 
he was made superintendent of schools for the 
State of California, continuing for five years 
and meanwhile editing a state educational 
journal. Subsequently he was, for many 
years, superintendent of the schools of San 
Francisco, and also published a history of the 
California public school system and a man- 
ual of methods of teaching. 

Dartmouth College in I860 and the Uni- 
versity of California later honored him with 
the degree of Master of Arts. 

During the present year Sam Francisco 
named one of her new school buildings the 
John Swell School, and in connection with 
the dedicatory exercises the Sierra Educa- 
tional News published a 16 page article upon 
"John Swett, Teacher, Author, Man." 

In comment upon this -article the editor 
of the Journal of Education said, and ins 
tribute came appropriately within so short 
a time of its subject's death, "No other man 
living has played an equally important part 
in public school education for so many years 
as John Swett, the father of the public school 
system of California." 

PROF. CHARLES F. RICHARDSON 

Charles Francis Richardson, Emeritus Pro- 
fessor of Anglo Saxon and English Liter- 
ature in Dartmouth College, died at his 
summer home at Sugar Hill, Lisbon, October 
8, 1.913. 

Professor Richardson was born at Hallo- 
well. Me., May 29, 1851, being a son of 
Dr. Moses C. .Richardson. He graduated 
from Dartmouth 4n 1871. and was a member 
of the Psi Upsilon and Phi Beta Kappa 
Societies. He engaged in literature and 
journalism, being editor of the New York 



Independent from 1872 till 1S7S. For two 
years he edited the Sunday School Times ami 
subsequently was for two years editor of 
Good Literature. He was the author of sev- 
eral hovels, a volume of poems and essays, 
and edited a number of works on literature. 
He was made Professor of English at Dart- 
mouth in 18S2, retiring in 1911, to devote 
his entire time to literature. He was a mem- 
ber of the American Historical Society, and 
a corresponding member of the Maine His- 
torical Society. 

On April 1*2, 1S7S, he married Miss Eliza- 
beth Miner Thomas, who survives him. 

DR. EDWARD B. HARVEY 

Dr. Edward B. Harvey, a native of Deer- 
field, born April 4, 1834, died at Westboro, 
Mass., September 28, 1913. 

Dr. Harvey was a graduate of Wesleyan 
University in the class of 1859, and of the 
Harvard Medical School in 1S66, settling in 
Westboro, where he continued till death. 
He served as a member of the school board 
eighteen years, as superintendent of schools, 
trustee of the public library, of the West- 
boro Savings Bank and of the State Reform 
School. He also served two years in the 
Massachusetts House of Representatives and 
in the State Senate an equal time. He was 
a member of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation and had been president of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society. B!e was 
actively instrumental in the establishment 
of the Massachusetts State Board of Regis- 
tration in Medicine and was for eighteen 
years its secretary. He was also the author 
and the leading spirit in securing the pas- 
sage of the Massachusetts free text-book 
law. 

MAJ. LUCIUS B. WRIGHT 

Lucius B. Wright, for many years past an 
inspector in the Water Department of the 
City of Everett, Mass., who- died September 
30, 1913, was a native of Washington, N. H., 
born November 24, 1836, a son of the late 
Rev. Nathan R. Wright, a prominent Uni- 
versalist clergvman of his day, and a brother 
of the late Col. Carroll D. Wright, the emi- 
nent statistician and sociologist. He was a 
member of the Sixteenth New Hampshire 
Regiment in the Civil War. Previous to his 
location in Everett he was for a time a 
resident of Roxbury, Mass., where he served 
in the Common Council and as a member 
of the Roxbury Horse Guards, holding the 
rank of Major. He had been prominent in 
the G. A. R., and Commander of H. G. 
Berry Post of Maiden, and had also served 
as a member of the Everett Park Com- 
mission. 

He had been twice married — first to Miss 
Mary Watkins, who died, in 1891: second to 
Miss Rosa M. Brown, who survives him, 
with a daughter by the first wife, Mrs. 
Georire A. Whittington of Winchester. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



An event of no little historical interest 
was the unveiling and dedication of the 
memorial tablet and boulder at Bradford, 
erected in front of the old Raymond House 
site, in memory of Lafayette and his visit 
there, July 27, 1S25, which occurred on the 
20th of August last, under the auspices of 
Mercy Hathaway White Chapter, 1). A. 11., 
through whose instrumentality the same had 
been erected. The presentation to the town 
was made by Miss Isabel Greeley, regent of 
the chapter, and the acceptance was by F. 
O. Melvin, chairman of the board of select- 
men. An address upon Lafayette 's visit 
was given by Mrs. William M. Carr, and re- 
marks upon the "value of historic memorials 
to the youth of the country were made by 
ex-Gov. John Q. A. Brackett of Arlington, 
Mass., a native of t'he town. Appropriate 
musical exercises were participated in by a 
chorus of school children, and there was a 
large attendance of townspeople and vis- 
itors from abroad, among whom were Mrs. 
John Hay of Washington, D. C, Mrs. Mason 
W. Tappan, Mrs. Walter Harriman and 
others. 



The resignation of the Hon. Robert M. 
Wallace of Milford, chief Justice of the Su- 
perior Court, who has been disabled by ill- 
ness for some time past, having been 
received and accepted, the vacancy thus 
created has been filled by the promotion of 
Associate Justice Robert G. Pike of Dover 
to such position. This leaves vacant the po- 
sition held by Judge Pike, who is the only 
remaining member of the Court as origin- 
ally constituted in March, 1901, and as there 
is also a vacancy on the Supreme Court 
bench, occasioned by the appointment of 
Associate Justice George H. Bingham to the 
United States Circuit Court bench, there is 
much interest among members of the bar 
and others, in the matter of the selections 
to be made by the Governor and Council for 
the two positions, which, naturally, must 
soon be filled. 



Another of the greatly needed contribu- 
tions to the historical literature of the State 
in the shape of town histories, of which all 
too many are yet lacking, has recently been 



completed and issued by Kimball Webster 
of Hudson, who presents the history of that 
town in a compact, well arranged octavo 
volume of some 050 pages, with about fifty 
illustrations, including portraits of prom- 
inent citizens, pictures of buildings and 
other general views. Mr. Webster has been 
collecting the material utilized in this work 
for more than thirty years, and to its prep- 
aration and arrangement has given much 
time and attention, it being with him, as 
with many other authors of New Hampshire 
town histories, a labor of love, for which 
the people of Hudson, and all others inter- 
ested in New Hampshire history, should be 
especially grateful. The work should be in 
all the public libraries of the State, and in 
all private libraries in which place is given 
to New Hampshire historical matter. - The 
price of the volume, which may be ordered 
from the author, is $3.00 per copy. 



Public interest and excitement in the 
Capital city for the past month have cen- 
tered around the matter of the mayoralty 
contest and the presence of Harry K. Thaw, 
with his retinue of relatives, lawyers and 
retainers at the Eagle Hotel. As regards 
the mayoralty question, that has passed be- 
yond the primary stage, and the two candi- 
dates whose names will go on the official 
ballot are the present incumbent, Charles J. 
French, and Edward J. Gallagher, editor of 
The Patriot. The election of either will 
break all precedent. If French is again 
chosen he will be in for a longer term, alto- 
gether, than any other man who ever held 
the office in the city, while if Gallagher is 
elected he will be the youngest man in the 
city or state, and probably in the United 
States, who ever rilled the office of Mayor, 
being now but 22 years of age. As for 
the Thaw case the general feeling seems to 
be that there ought to be some way to get 
him back to the State of Pennsylvania 
where he belongs. His extradition is sought 
by the acting governor of the State of New 
York as a fugitive from justice, but no prec- 
edent has yet been presented for the extra- 
dition of an insane person, and if Thaw is 
not now insane New York has now no claim 
upon him in any respect whatever. 



3^a G.K 



VOL. XUV, No, II NOVEMBER, lpi3 New Scries, Vcl. VFIf, No. 15 



THE 



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A New Hampshire Magazine I 

HI ' ; t 

Ij I Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress j| 



t'?' 



S CONTENTS FOR NOVEMBER P} 

1 1 «fe4 M* 

(cf) Doctor William Johnston Beattie With frontispiece - . . 343 (Jfc> ; ' 

iSS Landmarks of Concord . * . . . . . 349 S5g» 



fc^ By Mrs. Joseph B. Walter. Illustrated 



& 



I 



^,?> A September Cuting- . . . • . • • • 361 fe^f j 

By Francis H. Coodal"~- J -—»iou..D.C. Illustrated &4 I 

Q^/ Pioneers of Portsm* " S. . . 385 CPD 

?>?& By J, M.Moses S^. __ ^ ] |*< 

«4[ lattle Elizabeth . . . .'""';■-■•.. .' . . , 312 4^&» 

Ccf) By Eva Beede Odell , (fcj 

7?g New Hampshire! Necrology rVj-T?. * 373 1^ 

' Editor and Publisher* s'iNotes . . . -". • . 374 «Z» ! 






oa*$§| Poems ^O* 

• ;,i .'"> By L. J. H. Frost-, P. L. F., D,-iu. H. Honey, Franc- M. Fray, Georgiaua Rogers, %§*} 

W2[ Charles Nevcrs Holraos, William S. Harris, H. J. Krier V ;'.>;' 



I 




II Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

' HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 

TERMS: $1.00 psr annum, in ad7acce; $1.50 If not paid In advance. Single copies, 5S cents 
CONCORD, N. H.'i 1913 



Entered at the post office at Concord as seeon<3-cl&as mail matter. 

I j 




WILLIAM J. BEATTIE, M. D. 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLV, No. U 



NOVEMBER., 1913 New Series, Vol. 8, No. 11 



DOCTOR WILLIAM JOHNSTON BEATTIE 

By H. C. Pearson 



We mourn death when it cuts off a 
young life, fall of the promise of help- 
ful and hopeful ambition. We mourn 
death when it .ends a long life, 
crowned with the worthy accomplish- 
ment of high and great endeavor. But 
especially we mourn death when it 
comes to a man in the maturity of his 
powers and breaks the circuit by 
which his splendid potentialities were 
being transformed into important 
factors of the world's welfare. 

It was- thus that death came to 
Doctor William Johnston Beattie of 
Littleton, N. II., on Friday, Septem- 
ber 26, 1913, when he. was struck by 
an automobile and fatally injured as 
he was crossing the road at the Craw- 
ford House, where he had been at- 
tending a patient. 

The news of the accident and its 
sad result spread swiftly through the 
North Country and in its wake fol- 
lowed universal grief at the loss of a 
staunch and kindly friend, a good and 
useful citizen, a faithful and great 
physician. The news went through 
the state, and the state mourned a 
man whom it had honored and by 
whose deserved fame it had been hon- 
ored. The news went to New York, 
and many there among the well-to-do 
mourned the skilled and valued coun- 
sellor : many among the poor mourned 
the. benefactor and philanthropist; 
and all mourned together the man 
who had brought fresh relief to the 
sick and suffering, new hope to the 
hopeless and :'" despaii'kig. The news 
went across the seas, and many there 
mourned the keen student, the tire- 



less searcher after truth, the success- 
ful assistant in one of the great 
discoveries of the age. 

Doctor Beattie died in the fidl 
strength of his life's best years; but 
he did not die until lie had written 
his name imperishably upon the medi- 
cal history of his time and in letters 
of gold upon, the hearts of those who 
knew and loved him. 

Doctor Beattie was of Scotch ances- 
try, his grandfather, John Beattie, 
coming to New York from Edinburgh 
towards the end of the eighteenth 
century. His son and Doctor Beat- 
tie's father was Rev. James Milligan 
Beattie, a graduate of Union College 
and of Edinburgh University, who 
was for forty years the revered pastor 
of the Presbyterian Church at Rye- 
gate, Vt. There he married, in 1856, 
Margaret Sophia Nelson, daughter of 
John and Mary (Finlay) Nelson of 
Ryegate, and to them six children 
were born, of whom the third was 
William Johnston Beattie, born in 
Ryegate September 6, 1S65. It was a 
family of deep and true culture and 
of all the old-time virtues, into which 
Doctor Beattie was born, and the in- 
fluence of his early training survived 
in his mind and heart throughout his 
life. 

William J. Beattie started his edu- 
cation in the village schools of Rye- 
gate. Then he attended Peacham 
Academy, of whose board of trustees 
his father was president, and St. 
Johnsbury Academy, each among the 
best of the preparatory schools for 
which the state of Vermont was then 



343 



344 



The Granite Monthly 



and is now famous. Tims well 
grounded in the fundamentals, young 
Seattle entered directly upon the road 
to the profession which was his choice. 
and bogan his studies in the Bellevue 
Medical College. New York City, 
graduating with the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine in 1888 and supplement- 
ing his college courses with a year of 
practical experience as surgeon in 
Bellevue Hospital. 

It was in May, 1889, that Doctor 
Beattie made a wise, final choice of a 
place in which to practise perma- 
nently his profession and located in 
Littleton, Grafton County, N. EL, not 
far to the northeast, across the Con- 
necticut River, from his native town 
of Byegate. 

It required considerable confidence 
in himself and in his training for the 
young doctor to "hang out his shin- 
gle" in Littleton, a town which had 
been notable for years for the high 
quality of its professional men, medi- 
cal, legal and ministerial. The names 
of Dr. Adams Moore. Dr. Charles M. 
Tuttle, Dr. "William Burns, Drs. 
Sanger, Bugbee, AYatson, Moiiett, and 
others, were known beyond the limits 
of the North Country, and for a young 
man to rank with them was a severe 
test of his ability and courage. 

That Doctor Beattie ''made good" 
professionally the record of the last 
quarter of a century is proof. That 
his personality met with approval in 
his new location, both among his elders 
and those of his own age, is well 
shown by the fact that on May 29, 
1890, he married Elizabeth Arnold 
Tuttle, daughter of Dr. Charles M. 
and Luthera (Moulton ) Tuttle. Their 
four children are: Margaret, born 
January 18, 1891; Barbara, born De- 
cember 28, 1897; Elizabeth, born Feb- 
ruary 5, 1901 ; and Catherine Gray, 
born August 7, 1905. 

Though his progress in Ids profes- 
sion made it necessary for Doctor 
Beattie to travel considerably during 
the later years of his life, Littleton 
always was his home and as such the 
object of his, affectionate interest and 



powerful support. As a man, as a cit- 
izen, as a doctor, he was ever ready to 
heed any call to do something for Lit- 
tleton andjts surrounding country. 

Notable in this respect was the in- 
ception in his mind of a plan, which 
he carried through to entire success, 
of a hospital in Littleton, which should 
serve the entire White Mountain re- 
gion in an adequate manner. Inter- 
esting, first, his friend and patient, 
John J. Glessner of Chicago and Beth- 
lehem, that gentleman started the hos- 
pital fund with a gift of $10,000, 
which he has since many times aug- 
mented, and from this nucleus it lias 
been possible to put in being an insti- 
tution which is an acknowledged 
model of its kind and which does a 
magnificent and well -appreciated 
work. Doctor Beattie was medical 
director of the hospital and the pres- 
ident of the board of trustees from 
the time of its establishment and it is 
impossible to over-estimate the value 
of his support to the enterprise, 
which, in fact, may well be counted 
among the monuments of his life 
work. 

He was for many years, and at the 
time of his death, medical referee of 
Grafton County. He was one of the 
founders of the Cohashauke Club, 
Littleton's principal social organiza- 
tion for many years, and also was 
much interested in the work of the 
White Mountain Board of Trade, 
whose annual meeting at Brett on 
Woods he was planning to attend on 
the afternoon of his death. He had 
been for some years a director in the 
Littleton National Bank and often had 
given valuable cooperation in move- 
ments designed to advance the inter- 
ests of his town and section, as a 
member of committees of the Littleton 
Board of Trade and otherwise. 

Doctor Beattie was highly esteemed 
by his fellow practitioners in New 
Hampshire and in the wider circle of 
his acquaintance, and was a member 
of the Grafton County Medical So- 
ciety, the New Hampshire Medical 
Society, the Association of Railroad 



Doctor William Johnston Beattu 



345 



Surgeons, the Doctors' Club of New- 
York City and the society connected 
with the famous Mayo hospital in 
Minnesota. 

Fraternally. Doctor Beattie was a 
Mason and a Knight of Pythias, be- 
longing to Burns Lodge and Chiswick 
Lodge, respectively, both of Littleton, 
and also in Masonry was a Knight 
Templar and Shriner. 

Politically, he was a Republican, 
and a prominent one in local and state 
councils, until the Progressive move- 
ment developed, which he joined heart 
and soul and in which he was even 
more of a leader than in the old 
party. 

In November. 1908, he was elected 
to the New Hampshire House of Rep- 
resentatives from Littleton and v\as 
one of the best-known members of the 
Legislature of 1909. serving on the im- 
portant committee on railroads. Jan- 
uary 9, 1901, he was commissioned 
brigadier general and surgeon general 
on the staff of His Excellency, Gov- 
ernor Chester B. Jordan, and so 
served during that administration. 

In 1912 Doctor Beattie was one of 
the first prominent men in New* 
Hampshire to come out unreservedly 
in support of Theodore Roosevelt as 
the nominee of the Republican party 
for president of the United States, 
and in recognition of that leadership 
he was placed at the head of the 
Roosevelt ticket in the state's presi- 
dential primary. 

It was during the last year of the 
doctor's life that his great profes- 
sional opportunity came to him and 
was recognized and embraced. De- 
voted to his profession and contin- 
ually on the watch for new ideas in 
medicine and surgery, he had each 
year attended lectures and clinics in 
some medical center of his own coun- 
try; and in the fall of 1912 he deter- 
mined to go abroad for study there. 

At Oxford lie was the guest of Sir 
William Osier, who gave him letters of 
introduction and advice as to the best 
course to pursue. Doctor Beattie had 
always made a specialty of surgery 



and in Vienna and Berlin did much 
operating, but his chief work was in 
the laboratories of Doctor Piorkow- 
ski, who claimed to have discovered a 
turtle serum cure for tuberculosis. 
The Berlin doctor took a great fancy 
to Doctor Beattie, gave him his confi- 
dence, and taught him to make the 
serin n. 

Doctor Beattie returned to his own 
country to introduce the cure, his ad- 
vent being heralded in scientific cir- 
cles as of great importance. He 
became a national figure in medical 
circles. I. 0. Blake, a New York 
friend, in speaking of this, said that 
no physician was ever received in New 
York City with the consideration and 
respect that Doctor Beattie received 
when he came back from Europe with 
the cure. Only one paper there com- 
mented adversely and this same paper 
afterward retracted its statement. 

Doctor Beattie had, some years pre- 
viously, passed the New York exam- 
ination and had been given his license 
to practise medicine in New York. 
The LTniversity of Berlin, during Doc- 
tor Beattie 's stay in the German capi- 
tal, conferred upon him the degree of 
"Herr Doctor'' and he also brought 
home several certificates showing his 
mastering of the courses of study. 

Hundreds of patients from all over 
the country suffering from tubercu- 
losis sought his help by letter and 
telegram and appointments were made 
for them to come to Littleton and 
New York, Doctor Beattie treating 
patients in both places. The opening 
of the White Mountain season and his 
connection with the Maplewood Hotel 
as house physician stopped his trips to 
New York, and a New York physician 
had been conducting the work for him 
at that end. Much has been said in 
the papers about the serum and the 
results, but the true fact is that al- 
most every case which came, under 
Doctor Beattie 's own personal super- 
vision lias shown marked and won- 
derful improvement. He had felt 
extremely gratified at the results 
among those under Ids direct care and 



316 



The Granite Monthly 



was already making plans for his win- 
ter's work, when death came. 

At the time of Doctor Beattie's 
death .the press of the state and the 
country contained many tributes to 
his memory and estimates of his ca- 
reer. None surpassed in truth of 
statement, sincerity of sentiment and 
felicity of expression that of the Doc- 
tor's home paper, the Littleton Cour- 
ier, from which we quote as follows : 
fl 'Doctor Beat tie was removed from 
his career at a time when his great 
usefulness was becoming more and 
more apparent, and when a wide 
field of endeavor and opportunity 
was oj>ening before him. He had 
high professional aspirations and it 
was characteristic of him that in his 
recent work in behalf of tuberculosis 
sufferers, he seemed to give no thought 
to the financial end but appeared to 
think only of the good he could do 
in helping to relieve the suffering of 
those afflicted. In the field of surgery 
it was the same. Though, in his wide 
practice, he had many wealthy pa- 
tients, he was quick to respond to the 
calls of the poor and needy. Many of 
his operations he performed, without, 
expectation of pecuniary reward. 

"An unwavering determination, an 
unswerving devotion to the duties of 
his profession and almost ceaseless toil 
helped to bring him to the place he 
occupied as the trusted physician and 
skilled surgeon. His mental equip- 
ment was of an order that proved a 
great factor in his success. Through 
his own ability, he Avon his way to 
achievement and though the years he 
lived were less than fifty, his life was 
long, measured by its accomplishment. 
His days for many years had been 
filled with laborious work and innu- 
merable engagements and none but a 
man of remarkable physical and men- 
tal strength could have borne- the bur- 
dens he shouldered. "Whatever he 
undertook he carried through to the 
end and into these undertakings and 
enterprises, private and public, he 



threw whole-souled zeal and enthusi- 
asm. 

"Personally, Doctor Beat tie was 
very popular. His manner and ad- 
dress and his individuality were un- 
usually pleasing and he won friends 
easily and kept them, inspiring the 
deepest loyalty and affection among 
those who knew him best. He loved 
to dispense his hospitality to those 
around him and .though he had little 
time for social life, his home was prac- 
tically an open house to his friends. 

"Many have told, since his death, 
of personal knowledge of generous 
deeds he has done, both in and outside 
of his professional life, of man}^ char- 
ities and -benefactions unknown to the 
world. He had been to many a tower 
of strength in time of trouble and it is 
felt that one may say of him as the 
late Robert G. Ingersoll said in his 
oration at the funeral of his brother, 
'If everyone for whom he ever did a 
kindness should drop a flower on his 
grave, he would sleep tonight beneath 
a mound of roses. ' 

"Doctor Beattie's death brought 
telegrams and letters expressing affec- 
tion and grief from all over the coun- 
try. Tuesday afternoon and evening 
the house was open to the public and 
from 2 in the afternoon to 10 at night 
a steady stream of friends and pa- 
tients came to see the body. It was a 
demonstration of feeling seldom wit- 
nessed and those who came seemed 
deeply moved with sincere sympathy 
and sorrow. It was the last 'office 
hours. ? 

"The funeral was held at the home 
October 1 at 11.30 a. m., and was at- 
tended by a great throng of friends, 
patients and professional associates 
from all over the state. The local 
business houses were closed, practi- 
cally all the business and professional 
men of the town attending the service. 
Rev, P. J. Robinson of the Unitarian 
Church of Littleton officiated, assisted 
by Rev. Paul Moody, pastor of the 
South Congregational Church at St. 
Johnslmry, Yt.. a classmate of Doctor 



Doctor William Johnston Beattie 347 

Beattie's brother-in-law. Dr. William ful, and various societies and bodies 
G. Rieker, at Yale College. Mr. Moody also sent flowers. Burial was in Glen- 
read briefly from the scriptures and wood Cemetery, The bearers were 
also read a poem. Mrs. Harry I). Green Gen. William A, Barron of the Craw- 
then singing 'Nearer My God to Thee' ford House. Israel 0. Blake of New 
and Mr. Robinson giving the prayer York City, Leon II. Cilley of the 
and benediction. Maplewood Hotel. Dr. Raymond D. 
''Scores of pei'sons were represented Giles, Dr. John M. Page and Henry 
by floral tributes, choice and beauti- 0. Hatch of Littleton.' ' 



DREAMING 

By L. J. H. Frost 

I. dream today of bygone years 
All full of hope devoid of fears, . 
When sweetest flowers adorned life's way; 
Withered and dead they lie today. 

The winds blew soft and days were fair, 
While bird-notes trembled through the air 
The rose-hued future seemed to say — 
'"There ne'er will come a darker day.''' 

Hope's cheering banner floated vide, 

Over life's quiet sunlit tide ; 

And Love's argosy in ether blue 

Said, "smile for aye, all hearts are true." 

At length there came a storm-clad clay. 
That's* wept my bower of hopes away; 
Leaving behind *a shadow deep 
To which sad memory goes to weep. 

Now faring on toward life's last gate. 
My weary soul must calmly wait 
'Till^from across the tideless sea 
I hear my Father calling me. 



THE FIRST THANKSGIVING 

By P. L. F. 

In old colonial days, when life was like a story, 
Men lived in simple ways and gave to God all glory. 
One time when food was scanty and want was at the door, 
Two- ships came in with plenty for all their winter's store 
A day for thanks was set — -its founders long outliving — . 
We celebrate it yet ; it was the first Thanksgiving. 






THE OLD GARRISON HOUSE. EXETER, X. II, 

By Delia II. Honey 

Built substantia] are its walls. 

Built of logs hewn smooth and squaiv, 
By the River Squamseot standing. 
Back from the "'great bridge," commanding. 

Large, and many rooms to spare. 

Built by the Queen's councilor 

In the many years gone by : 
Of great chimneys it had four, 
Of quaint stairs as many more 

'Neath which they could hie. 

Sixteen hundred fifty-eight 

Saw this grand old garrison built. 
As a home for Sir John Oilman 
And a refuge from the Red man. 

Ere their blood was spilt. 

Full two hundred years and more. 

It has stood the work of time. 
Under the hot summer's glow — 
Covered with the winter's snow 

Of our northern clime. 

In the years when old New Hampshire 

First became a loyal State, 
There was held a grand reception 
In these walls, and no deception. 

To their Governor so great. 

In the later years the students 

Liked this quaint old place. 
Daniel Webster's classic lore 
Here he found., and many more 

By the names we trace. 

Neither time, nor age, nor man, 

Has removed from window panes 
Writing made there by the hands 
Long years laid away in bands, 

Sepulchral are their chains. 

Time and man have wrought great changes, 

But the house will stand 
'Till generations pass and come, 
And we all have reached that home 

In the promised land. 



LANDMARKS OF CONCORD 



By Mrs. Joseph B. Walk 



If at the very commencement of my 
paper I speak of Sugar Ball Monu- 
ment, erected only last fall (October 
26, 1899), it is because it commemo- 
rates the first recorded act of our 
pioneer settlers. They rested on the 
Sabbath day, and with song and ser- 
mon and prayer consecrated their 
new home in the wilderness to the 
service of God and liberty. It is a 
landmark that future generations will 
regard with honor, as the years go by. 

The first range of house lots was 
laid out in May, 1726, about four 
months after the plantation of Penny- 



oak timbers, it }ms resisted the winds 
and storms of one hundred and sixty- 
seven years, faithfully sheltering six 
generations of the family. It re- 
mained practically as originally built 
until 1848, when the present owner 
removed the huge but unsafe chim- 
neys, and restored the old house for 
his own home. Parson Walker's diary 
tells us that the trees were set out by 
him May 2, 1761, and have, therefore, 
reached the good old age of one hun- 
dred and thirty-five years. 

Forts . or garrisons were built in 
various localities to protect the people 










pmm i - % 









Parson Walker's House 



cook had been granted to the peti- 
tioners by the General Court of 
Massachusetts. The boulder, with an 
inscription cut upon it, at the corner 
of Main and Penacook Streets, marks 
the first house lot, in the first range, 
on the east side of Main Street. This 
land was assigned to Rev. Timothy 
"Walker, who was ordained the first 
minister of Pennycook November 18, 
1730. Having brought his young wife 
to this new parish, he was anxious to 
make a home, as they then lived in a 
log house. In 1733 the town appro- 
priated fifty pounds to assist in build- 
ing a two-story frame house. This 
stands today. Upheld by its stanch 

♦This paper was read before the Concord W 



from the hostile Indians. These were 
made of hewed logs which lay flat 
upon each other. The ends, being 
fitted for the purpose, were inserted 
in large posts, erected to receive them. 
These walls of timber were as, high as 
a common dwelling house. At the 
corners were boxes where sentinels 
kept watch and ward in time of dan- 
ger. Loopholes, high up, allowed the 
aiming of guns at the enemy. 

These garrisons enclosed one or 
more acres of land and contained 
buildings for the comfort of those 
stationed there. In the front yard of 
this old house is a stone on which is 
inscribed the names of the men who* 

lan's Club in 1900, by the late Mrs. Walker. 



3>H1 



350 



The Gran lie Monthly 



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Landmarks of Concord 



351 



retreated with their families ty^ Parson 
Walker's fort. 

In 1746 there were seven fully 
equipped garrisons in the town. They 
had been located and the inhabitants 
assigned to each by a committee of 
militia, appointed by Governor Went- 
worth. First the Walker fort, so 
called., where, eight families were 
"stated'': one around the house of 
Capt. Ebenezer Eastman, on the east 
side of the river, with thirteen fam- 
ilies; one at West Concord- around the 
house of Henry Lovejoy. where there 
were ten families. That old house is 
still standing opposite the brick 
schoolhouse. Near the junction of the 



and Mr. Edward Abbott, at the corner 
of Montgomery and Main Streets, 
whose old house is now a stable in the 
rear of the large one, were finished the 
following season — 17-17. 

In 1746, August 11, occurred the 
terrible Indian massacre. Near the 
spot, where it occurred stands the 
granite shaft on which are inscribed 
the names of the five brave men who 
then met their death — situated on the 
right hand side of the road going to 
St. Paul's School. 

A parcel of land in the third range 
of house lots was reserved for a bury- 
ing ground. It is the oldest in cen- 
tral New Hampshire. The earliest 



'A: ^Cv'^ 



.V-JVV:_< -■.-„ 



ft 






3 ; 



House Where First Legislature Met in Concord 



Hopkinton road and the one going 
past the church at ►St. Paul's School, 
stood the garrison round the house of 
Jonathan Eastman, with its eight 
families. 

The one round the buildings of Jo- 
seph Hall contained fifteen families, 
and was situated near the Rolfe and 
Rumford Asylum. Lieut. Jeremiah 
Stickney's fort sheltered twenty fam- 
ilies and was located on Main, about 
opposite Centre Street. One around 
the house of Timothy Walker. Jr., 
Mas on South Main Street, with 
twenty-two families. 

The garrisons about the house of 
Mr. George Abbott, on what is now 
Fayette Street, of Mr. James Osgood 
where the First National Bank- stands, 



known monument is a natural, rough 
stone with initials and the date — De- 
cember 11, 17:36. 

The site of the first meeting house 
is the north corner of Main and 
Chapel Streets. It was erected, in 
1726-27, of logs, with windows high 
up, and a heavy oaken door quickly 
barricaded. Two years later a plank 
floor was laid. This building was the 
church, the town house, and school- 
house for twenty-four years. 

The old North Church stood on the 
site of the Walker schoolhouse. It was 
built in 1751, and was enlarged by 
a pentagonal addition fifty-five years 
later (1806), and used for worship 
until 1842. In this church the elec- 
tion sermons were annually preached 



352 



The Granite Monthly 



(from 1784 to 1731). In it the con- 
vention for ratifying the United 
States Constitution was held in June, 
17SS, which, as the ninth state to ap- 
prove that Constitution set the wheels 
of the National Government in 
motion. 

Near the southwest door of tins old 



given to Mr. Walker, and removed to 
its present position just south of his 
house — in 1870. 

Early in the century a bell was 
hung' in the old North belfry, which 
so delighted the people that every 
day but Sunday it was rung at 7 
o'clock, at 12 and at 9, and at all 



>$■*» 



; 



• i - i 



& 






; * 



if :-*4 



'Old North"— First Congregational Church 



church stood, for more than a cen- 
tury, the large stone, used as a mount- 
ing block. Tradition says that the 
women paid for it, by giving each a 
pound of butter (no doubt the women 
all helped as so many came to meet- 
ing on horse, back, or behind their 
husbands or friends on pillions). 
After the church was burned, it was 



other times when any kind of an ex- 
cuse could be found to ring it. 

The Friends' meeting house, a small 
brick building, in the early part of 
the century j stood on the site of Gov- 
ernor Rollins' mansion. It was sold 
to the town for a schoolhouse. 

When Main Street was laid out. 
stone bounds were placed at certain 



Landmarks of Concord 



353 






m. 



fmi. ■ 



£jj&$& t &t*^' 



-^ ^IS^^SJS*^", 



Old Town House, 1790 



points to define its course and width, 
the only one known to exist is im- 
bedded in the concrete sidewalk near 
the corner of Church and North 
Main Streets. 

The first session of the New Hamp- 
shire Legislature, convened in Con- 
cord, opened March 13, 17 82. They 
met in the old North Church, but the 
weather .was so cold that they ad- 
journed to a hall in the second story 
of the house now standing on the west 
side of North Main near Penacook 
Street. It stood then, a few rods 
south of Parson Walker's, under the 
big tree, and was removed to its pres- 
ent position about 1851. Family tra- 
dition says that the north parlor of 
the parsonage was used by the presi- 
dent or governor of the slaty and his 
council. The treasurer had the room 
over it for his office and the south 
sitting room was a general committee 
room. 



The town pound is an interesting 
landmark of the olden time when so 
many people kept sheep and cows 
that would go astray. It is situated 
on the road to AYest Concord, a lot 
some forty feet square enclosed by a 
high stone wall. Years ago, a heavy 
gate with a padlock kept securely any 
cattle, until redeemed by their owners 
, by the payment of the established fine. 

The town house was a very impor- 
tant building at this time, for both 
town and state. It was built partly 
by subscription, in 1790. It was sit- 
uated on the city hall lot; was one 
story high, the door in the center and 
a large room on either side. A cupola 
on the roof, with a vane, made it quite 
conspicuous. The town meetings, 
which had heretofore been held in the 
meeting house, were now held there. 
The sessions of the general court, 
whenever assembled in Concord, oc- 
cupied this building until the State 



The Old Pound 



354 



Th e Gra n ite Man thly 



House was completed in 1819. Doc- 
tor Boutoii says: ''The building in 
the course of years, underwent, many 
mutations, modifications and enlarge- 
ments, answering all possible pur- 
poses — civil, political, religious, mili- 
tary, judicial and fanatical; a sort of 
Noah's ark in which have been col- 
lected all things, clean and unclean/ ' 
The State House has been a land- 
mark for at least three generations. 
The corner stone was laid Tuesday, 



59; 



tie 



Concord, the 22d of June, 18 
was welcomed to the city and state by 
Governor Morrill in the hall of Rep- 
resentatives. A dinner was served to 
him and more than six hundred sol- 
diers and citizens, and, tradition says, 
that the large tree in the southeast 
part of the yard marks the place 
where the general sat. He was the 
guest of the Hon. William A. Kent, 
whose house stood where the South 
Church now stands. 



,V-! 






:V 



s@ 



First Cone 

September 14, 1816. The golden 
eagle which crowns the dome was 
raised about two years later — July 18, 
1818 — with music and feasting. One 
of the toasts given at the banquet was 
this : 

; 'The American Eagle — May the 
shadow of his wings protect every 
acre of our united continent, and the 
lightning of his eye flash terror and 
defeat through the ranks of our 
enemies." 

When General Lafayette came to 



ord Bridge 

One of the important landmarks of 
our childhood, and one we were afraid 
to go past in the dusk was the old state 
prison. Before State Street was made 
the prison was begun, and thought to 
be quite far away from business and 
houses. The year 1812 saw it com- 
pleted and the first prisoner was com- 
mitted, for five years, for horse steal- 
ing. Fortunately, however, he was 
not a native of Concord. 

Miss Brown has said that Hannah 
Dustin tarried here but a night, in 



Landmarks of Concord 



her terrible journey up the Merri- 
mack. You all know the story of her 
great suffering, and her scalping the 
Indians. If the monument erected 
in Haverhill and the one on Dust in 's 
Island are both correct representa- 
tions of the same woman, our granite 
monument shows a wonderful expan- 
sion in physical proportions. Her 
courage and brave determination 
made a heroic woman of the pale 
weary mother. 

Merrimack River was crossed by 
ferry boats until about 1795, when the 
lower, or Concord bridge, was built. 



to make regular trips, for freight 
principally, until the fall of 1842. 
The landing place and large freight 
house were a few rods south of the 
lower bridge, on this side of the river. 
In ISIS the people were delighted 
with the new steamboat, and availed 
themselves of the invitation of the 
proprietors to take trips up and down 
the river. 

The first houses in Pennycook were 
built of logs, but the civilization of 
the settlers required houses built of 
timber and boards, hence the first 
sawmill was erected and put in opera- 



xv;- 



//s- . 



f 1 



I 



The Philip Carri£ain House 



The next year the Federal bridge was 
completed. The latter crossed the 
stream several rods west of its present 
position. It was voted by the town 
to allow the bridge proprietors $25 a 
year, as compensation for the privi- 
lege to the town's people of going toll 
free,, from the hours between 9 and 4 
on the Sabbath on their way to and 
from meeting 

Very few of us can remember, and 
perhaps have never heard that Con- 
cord and Boston were in direct com- 
munication by boat, up and down _ 
the Merrimack, through the Middle- 
sex canal, and the first boat arrived 
in the autumn of 1814, and continued - 



tion, on Mill Brook at East Concord, 
in 1729, when but a few of the inhab- 
itants had brought their families to 
the new township. 

It is interesting to note some of the 
houses built during the first fifty 
years. On the east side of the river 
is the Pecker mansion, built in 1755 
by Philip Eastman, recently fitted up 
by Mr. J. Eastman Pecker for his 
valuable library. 

xYbraham Bradley came from Hav- 
erhill in 1729, one of the earliest set- 
tlers. The original house of logs 
built in 1729-30, gave place to the 
present one, erected in 1769. For 
one hundred and thirty-one years it 



356 The Granite Monthly 



Washington House 

has been the home of some of the fam- built before the Revolutionary War. 

ily. Mr. Moses Hazen Bradley is the It is interesting as being once the resi- 

happy owner at the opening of the denee of Count Rmnford, and later of 

new century. his only daughter, the Countess. The 

The Farrington-Fuller house sit- main house stands as of old ; the hall, 

uated on the northwest corner of parlor and the room over it remain as 

State and Pleasant Streets,* was originally built, with the hand-carved 

erected as early as 1755 or 6, by dado and cornices. The Countess 

Steven Farrington. It is probably at gave this estate and funds to found 

this time the most perfect specimen the Rolfe and Rumford Asylum, 

of a house of that period and is well Large additions have been made to 

worth a visit. It has the large chim- have it a convenient and comfortable 

ney in the center, the low ceilings with home for the girls, 

projecting beams, the high narrow Miss Brown has referred to one of 

mantels and chimney cupboards, the the choicest of Concord's literary 

small front entry, with stairs, steep, men, Nathaniel II. Carter. His birth- 

and making two turns, as was char- place at the Iron Works District 

acteristic of that time. should be marked by some suitable 

The Benjamin Rolfe house was memorial. His letters from Europe 





mi « 



! £ iMi-: ■ ■ ■■ ■ ■■';■ ■ 



Eagle Coffee House 
*Where the Wonolaneet Club House has since been erected. 



Landmarks of Concord 



357 



Butters' Tavern 



and his poems, written some seventy 
or eighty years ago, have lost but lit- 
tle if any, of their interest by the 
lapse of time. 

Of the many houses erected before 
1800 I can only mention a few for 
want of time. Among them the Coffin 
house, which for more than an hun- 
dred years stood under the beautiful 
elm tree on Main Street ; Mr. Charles 
Parker's house and Mr. Herbert's 
old store and tavern now used as 
dwellings; Dr. "W. G. Carter's resi- 
dence, which was built by Philip 
Carrigain. Tire freshet that spring 
was kind to him, for it floated the 
timber and boards almost to the very 
place where he needed to use them. 
He was an old bachelor, and to build 
so pretentious a house for himself 
made the people give it the name of 
tv Carrigain ? s folly.'' 

Major Daniel Liver more, when 
building his house on the site of Mr. 



J. C. Thome's, just after the Revolu- 
tion, trespassed on the sidewalk a foot 
or more. He was engaged to a young 
lady, living up the street,, and the 
young folks said the ''major put his 
house out into the street so he could 
sit at the window and see his sweet- 
heart come tripping down the road." 

At the north end of Main Street 
stands the large house built by Ben- 
jamin Kimball in 1804. A fine speci- 
men of that style of architecture, it 
has never been changed, and has al- 
ways been occupied by descendants of 
the original proprietor. It stands 
back from the street with a wall of 
stone in front — a two-story house with 
4 chimneys, a wide hall, running from 
front to rear with a door at either end, 
all the rooms opening into the hall. 

The Doctor MeFarland house, oppo- 
site the city hall, has been a delightful 
home since 1790. 

On the east side of South Main 




Old Phenix Hotel 



358 



The Granite Monthly 



Old American House 



Street, back from the road, stands the 
Rogers house. In the region of South 
Spring Street stand three very old 
houses. I am sure many of you will 
recall others, that I have not time to 
mention. 

Most of these old houses have been 
changed to meet the requirements of 
subsequent generations. 

The following lines, written some 
forty years ago by a friend, are still 
more applicable today: 

"Should some past worthy, hat and cue, 
And buckles on his knee. 
But come to earth, the Pennycook 
Of modern times to see, 
He'd wander on beneath the gas, 
A stranger in the ' town. ' 

Seeking his home to find, alas! 
No old-time house is here, 
All, all. are changed, or gone.' 7 



In studying this subject, I, won- 
dered if ever there was a town of law- 
abiding citizens where there were so 
many taverns in its first one hundred 
and twenty years, as in Concord. 

Then, remembering that it was the 
capital of the State, the head of navi- 
gation, and in direct communication 
with Boston by water, and with the 
sea at Portsmouth by a fine road, and 
on the direct route to the north and 
Canada, I could understand the neces- 
sity for many taverns for the comfort 
of the men and horses, and the big 
teams that brought produce from the 
north, and took back dry goods and 
West India supplies. There was need 
of the stage taverns where the passen- 
gers were faithfully cared for, and 



^ -*■;•;.. 



1 - 



Rolfe and Rumford House 



Landr/hrr!;.? of Concord 



359 



never a lack in the big barns of straw 
and provender for the horses. 

It was a fine sight to see. when some 
jolly "stage driver, with the long lash 
of his whip, curling around with a 
sharp snap, came tearing down the 
road, driving his four or six horses, 
in a graceful curve up to the door 
of the tavern, to be welcomed by its 
courteous landlord — and half the little 
gamins in the neighborhood, laughing 
and cheering around them. We think 
the tally-ho coach a line thing now-a- 
days, but it is nothing compared to 
the old-time mail stage. 

At the north end of Main Street 
was the Washington tavern, now 



hearty and its liquors were strong. 
It was for years the inn par excellence 
of the town. ' 

Biftters' tavern stands at the south 
end, near the railroad bridge, looking 
so dark and blank, as if sighing alone 
for '"its early companions all faded 
and gone" ; but, if the old rooms could 
speak, what stories they' would tell of 
the great men that had been their 
guests, of the stirring scenes in war 
time, the big dinners, the gallons of 
New England rum drank at their 
feasts — and called for almost any hour 
of day or night. Fortunately for the 
men of that time, and the women too, 
the rum was made of good West India 



The Farrin£ton-FuIler House 



standing — a tenement house, under 
fine elm trees. Here, was ample ac- 
commodation for man and beast, and 
a large hall for occasional balls and a 
good time generally. 

Across the street was the smaller 
tavern of John George, where his 
grandson and namesake hung out the 
quaint sign on Old Home Week, last 
summer — a sort of welcome and re- 
minder of the long ago. 

One of the most noted in the Revo- 
lutionary period, Mas "Mother Os- 
good's" tavern, which stood on the 
site of the First National Bank. The 
hungry and the bibulous both found 
satisfaction and welcome there. Its 
hostess was gracious ; its table was 



molasses, at the distillery of Sampson 
Bulla rd a few rods north of the pres- 
ent railway station. 

There were no hotels in Concord, 
until quite past 1800. All were tav- 
erns or inns. We elderly people well 
remember the Pheonix Hotel, with its 
hanging sign of the bird in the midst 
of the flames ; the Columbian, on the 
other side of the street; the "Eagle 
Coffee House/' Gass's ''American 
House," where the opera house now 
stands. 

All, are now gone, giving place to 
the fine New Eagle. 

The half has not been told of Con- 
cord's landmarks. It would take 
many fifteen minutes to tell it all, 



360 The Granite Monthly 

but I hope this afternoon's exercises Glul) to mark in a suitable manner the 

will stimulate us all to learn still more more important historical places in 

of our own history. our town? Not all at once, perhaps. 

The time allotted to my paper is hut we should hate this in mind as 

more than passed — hut. I would like something to be done for future gen- 

to leave this thought with you: would erations worthy of the Woman's Club 

it not be a good work for the Woman's of Concord. 



A LITTLE PATH 

By Frances 31. Pray 

Oh little path across the field, 

'You're worn by many feet ; 

The feet of those who slowly' go 
Toward evening when the sun is low, 

But morning brings the children's steps 

And happy laughter sweet. 

Yes, little path, each one you take 

To woods and singing brook, 

And some are led for flowers there 
And others seek release from care, 

A lesson there for every one 

Will he but stop and look. 

Dear little path, your leafy cool 

Is treasured in each heart 

Whose feet have passed along your way 
And so whatever bring each day 

A peaceful corner it may hold 

From all cares safe apart. 



THE GREAT CURE 

By Gcorgiana Rogers 

If fear is our greatest microbe, 
So faith is our greatest cure ; 

The secret is in believing 
That help Divine is sure. 

Then cease your '*' chemicalizing" 
And know you were born pure, 

And never cease to remember — 
That help Divine is sure. 



A SEPTEMBER OUTING 



In the Picturesqiis Pemigewasset Valley of X 



ew 



Ht 



mipsmre 



By Francis II. Goodall, Washington, D. C. 



"As journeys this Earth, her eye on a sun, 
through the heavenly spaces, 

And, radiant in azure, or sunless, swal- 
lowed in tempests, 

Falters not, alters not; journeying equal, 
sunlit or storm girt : 

So thou, son of Earth, who hast Force, 
Goal and Time, go still onwards. " 

I left Washington, D. C, August 
26, 1913 : visited some friends in Fair- 
field County, Conn. ; also relatives at 
the dear old homestead at Bath, Graf- 
ton County, X. H. ; then went to 
Plymouth; took the Pemigewasset 
P>ranch Kail road for Fairview in the 
town of Woodstock, which is twenty 
miles north from Plymouth. 

The whole Pemigewasset valley in 
this vicinity is very picturesque, with 
its winding river, line meadows, beau- 
tiful trees, hills, mountains and gor- 
geous autumn foliage. The train 
passes Livermore Falls, where the 
river dashes down over wild rugged 
rocks, making a. fine water-power to 
furnish food for many hungry fami- 
lies. It then passes Campton and 
West Campton. which region has been 
very beautifully described by Thomas 
Starr King in his book, "The White 
Hills." 

Twenty years ago, the writer spent 
two most delightful summers at 
West Campton, and his ''reminiscence 
bump" still points with pride to visits 
made by him to Paradise, Purgatory, 
Bald Mountain, Prospect Mountain 
and other places, while there. 

Fairview is only twelve miles from 
the celebrated Franconia Notch, and 
from the piazza of the hotel, looking 
north, one can see Mount Lafayette, 
Mounts Cannon. Lincoln, Liberty, 
Eagle Cliff, Wolf. Kinsman. Pemige- 
wasset, Russel: Blue Ridge, with all 
tlie gorgeous scenery of the Pemige- 
wasset valley, up through North Wood- 



stock, Lincoln, to the Notch, where the 
Grand Old Man (or the Great Stone 
Face as he is often called) keeps his 
silent vigils over these great majestic 
natural wonders, century by century. 
He was a very old man long before 
Adam was created. 

Near by the Fairview House, com- 
paratively easy tramps can be taken, 
by visiting Parker's Ridge, Loon Lake, 






Old Man of the Mountain 



Russel Pond, Grandview or Parker 
Mountain, from which places exten- 
sive views of the Pemigewasset valley, 
North Woodstock, and Lincoln may 
be had. as well as of many mountains 
in this region. One most delightful 
excursion is to Lost River, near 
Mounts Moosehiilock and Kinsman, 
where the Moosehiilock River makes 
a wild dash down through great 
chasms of big rocks, disappearing at 
times and then reappearing. You 



36 



61YJ 



Th c Gra n ite M o n th ly 



will see here the Hall of the Ships, 
Shadow Cave, Judgment Hall of 
Pluto, Hall of Forget fulness, Lemon 
Squeezer. Rat Hole. Cave of Silence 
and the lee Box, where it is said, you 
can find ice in July. You have to 
procure a special suit of overalls and 
jacket for this trip — 25 cents each. 

Other interesting places are Agas- 
siz's Basin, Balance Rock, Indian 
Leap. Georgianna Falls, Mountain 
Side, Thornton Gore, Mad River and 
"Watervilie. At Georgianna Falls 



in a cold time in December, before it 
was finished, the doors and windows 
not having been put in. She passed 
over the Pemigcwasset Rive?- on an old 
ox sled holding a baby in her arms. 
She had to hang blankets of her own 
weaving in the places cut for doors 
and windows to keep out the cold. To 
begin housekeeping, she had to borrow 
many things from her relatives. For 
a stable for the cow, poles were driven 
into the ground and covered with bark 
and brush. The first factory cloth 



-_.. r . r ..-,.,^. „ 




i" 




1 

1 ■ 




' 


■ : 


'■■■ 


I 

• 






!-' 




Li* *& r*3L .„ 


i 



r: 



Paradise Falls, Lost River 



there are really three separate falls, 
two of which make wild leaps of 
eighty feet each.. 

In talking with Mr. A. W. .Sawyer, 
the proprietor of the Fairview House, 
about the early settlements made in 
that locality, he handed the writer a 
statement, made by his grandmother, 
Mrs. Abagail Binkham, a short time 
before she died, of a few incidents in 
her life, and by his permission a few 
facts are mentioned. She was born 
at Derry, N-. II., July 13, 1709, and 
married Joseph. Russel, April 27, 1820. 
She once moved into a new log: house, 



used by her was bought at Franconia, 
N. II. . in 1824. Owing to hard times, 
her husband went away on business. 
and she supported herself and five 
children, by boarding the schoolteacher 
and taking in work. She had the first 
kerosene lamp used in Woodstock. 
She also made cooking soda from 
burnt corn cobs. Would that there 
were, now, many more such noble, 
resolute, self reliant women like Mrs. 
Binkham and that many more inci- 
dents of such heroic lives could be 
recorded for the benefit of succeeding 
generations. 



A September Outing 



The oldest bouse in the town of 
Woodstock is the log house referred 
to in said sketch. It was Wilt of 
hard pine logs, hewn out with a broad 
ax, the timbers being morticed together 
at the corners. It is still in very good 
condition, and nearly one hundred 
years old. It is now used as a wood 
shed and also for storing purposes. 

At Lincoln, one mile northeast of 
Fairview, there is a large paper mill, 
where they employ over live hundred 
men. The mills are run night and 
day, including Sundays. Spruce logs 
of all sizes are used. They are first 
sawn into blocks, about two and one- 



this paper is sent to the Government 
Printing office at Washington. 1). C. 

Tlie writer and his daughter took 
an auto for the Profile House one day 
and there took the trail for the high 
est peak of Mount Lafayette — a six- 
mile climb — most of the trail being 
steep and rocky, except, occasionally, 
where it runs through a gorge when 
passing from one peak to the next one. 

There are really three separate 
peaks to this mountain and just before" 
reaching the last one, there is a pretty 
little lake, where the sportive trout, 
leap and jump about, playing tag and 
showing their bright spots in the glis- 




Mt. Lafayette 



half feet long; then the bark is peeled 
off by machinery and the blocks are 
split into four parts at one stroke by 
four big knives, operated by machin- 
ery. They are then ground up into 
pulp and run into big revolving vats 
of hot water. Sulphur, alum, and 
rosin are then mixed with the pulp, 
until it is ready to go through the 
steaming and drying process, by pass- 
ing through a large number of big 
steam rollers, until it comes out as 
paper in great wide rolls. It is then 
cut up into different sizes, according 
to the use for which intended, and 
packed ready for shipping. Some of 



tening sun. From the summit a very 
extensive and grand view of all the 
surrounding country can be obtained. 
A great variety of trees and mosses 
can be seen on this trip — white and 
yellow birches, beeches, maples, hem- 
locks, spruces, balsams, mountain ashes 
with large bunches of bright red ber- 
ries; also mountain cranberries, wild 
gooseberry bushes, with pretty bright 
leaves of many colors. Some of the 
tree-moss is over two inches thick, 
light green and often tinged with red ; 
there is also the beautiful club moss, 
with its long tendrils of dark green. 
The club moss will keep fresh and nice 



364 



The Granite Monthly 



for several months, if kept in a large 
bowl or dish, filled with water, and 
occasionally, completely immersed in 
water for an hour or more. It also 
adds very much to its attractiveness 
to put some bright red berries with it ; 
like the mountain ash or black alder 
berries, or seme immortelles, dyed red. 
The climb should not be undertaken 
without sneakers, rubbers, or shoes 
with rubber heels and a good stout 
stick to prevent slipping or falling. 
Another special excursion was taken 
by rail to Plymouth, Woo&sviHe, Lit- 
tleton, Bethlehem Junction, through 
the Crawford Notch to Bartlett, N.H. ; 



when one considers their utility in 
furnishing our supplies of water, and 
also the great rivers, which not only 
greatly beautify the landscapes, bar 
furnish the power to supply the wants 
of so many persons. They are the 
great reservoirs for snow, hail and 
rain. They also diversify and change 
the climate and the soils of the earth 
to make it more productive. They 
are the resting places of light and of 
its shadows, and their rock sculpture 
has a peculiar, grim humor and ex- 
pression of its own. Leaping waters, 
line scenery and "the wine of the 
mountain air" induces us to feel 



^gg^fq 



Franconia Notch from Mt. Lafayette 



then returning same route, all for $2. 
It is called ''the autumti leaf excur- 
sion/' It was a fine clear day and 
the scenery nearly all the way was 
gorgeous, especially along by the 
Ammonoosuc River Falls. Mount 
Washington, and through the Craw- 
ford Notch, and back. It was really 
worth much more than $2 : 'a head," 
but no protest was made by anyone 
on that account. 

There is something much more im- 
posing and elevating in our grand old 
mountains, 
"Standing alone 'twixt the earth and the 

heavens, 
Heir of the sunset and herald of the 

morn, ' ' 



"the comradeship of things" and to 
exclaim with the poet. Mr. Arthur 
Symonds : 

' ' I have loved colors and not flowers. 
Their motion, not the swallow's wings; 
And wasted more than half my hours 
Without the comradeship of things. 

' ' How is it now that I can see 

With love and wonder and delight. 
The children of the hedge and tree. 
The little lords of day and night f 

"How is it that I see the roads 
No longer with usurping eyes. 
A twilight meeting-place for toads, 
A midday mart for butterflies' 

"I feel in every midge that hums. 
Life fugitive and infinite; 
And suddenly the world becomes 
A part of me and I of it.' J 



3^ 



PIONEERS OF PORTSMOUTH NECK 

By J. M. Moses 



By the "Neck" was originally des- 
ignated the land between Sagamore 
and Salt creeks, extending eastward 
to the Little Harbor Channel: the sec- 
tion now reached by Little Harbor 
Avenue and its branches. 

Nicholas Rowe, who was there in 
1640, in a deed of October 5, 1659, re- 
cited that the town had granted this 
neck to him and Edward Barton, as 
would appear by the records ; that he 
had sold four acres to George Jones, 
and then sold the rest of his half 
to Richard Shortridge, basket -maker. 
Rowe's wife did not sign. .--The town 
record referred to is not now to be 
found, and is supposed to have been in 
the book that was destroyed in 1652. 

The first settlers lived by the shore, 
generally near the mouths of streams 
of fresh -water. Rowe built his house 
at the southeasterly -corner by the 
fresh creek, probably on the site of 
the Carey residence. Barton's was 
farther north by a freshet. 

As in mining camps, the first comers 
probably granted themselves larger 
tracts than they could hold against 
later arrivals. John Crowder was 
there in 1640, and had a farm west of 
BartorCs, on the north shore, with the 
island now called Belle Isle. On Jan- 
uary 31, 1648, the town granted Ed- 
ward Barton that "no man* shall 
sitt downe bet wen him and John 
Crowder 's Raylls." March 20, 1656, 
it was ordered '"'that James Johnson, 
William Seavey & Anthony Brackett 
shall end the difference between Ed- 
ward Barton & Nicholas Rowe, con- 
firming the land in difference. " 
Deeds show that Jones' lot adjoined 
the land that Shortridge bought. 
Thus it is plain that Crowder, Barton, 
Rowe and Jones were adjoining own- 
ers around the east end of the Neck. 

"Eowe's" was one of the landing 
places of Henry Sherburne's ferry in 



1645. He was allowed two shillings 
per passenger for conveying people 
from the "Great House 7 ' at Odiorne's 
Point to Rowe *s or Great Island 
(Newcastle), six shillings to Straw- 
berry Bank, and twelve shillings to 
Maine. 

There grew up at Rowe's quite a 
little settlement of fishermen and 
small owners, whose holdings were 
later absorbed into the larger estates 
adjoining. John Moses was probably 
there in 164S. but soon removed to his 
farm by Moses Island. "William 
Brooking was there by 1655. He sold 
to George Jones, Sr,, in 1670, his land 
being an eight-acre lot with forty rods 
frontage on the creek, bounded east- 
erly on a four-acre lot of Jones 
(which lie had bought of "Widow 
Rowe"), and westerly on land of 
Thomas Onyon. Brooking went to a 
farm granted him on the north side of 
the creek, next above Henry Savage, 
whose farm was opposite the Moses 
farm. 

Jones immediately sold his twelve 
acres to Andrew Sampson, mariner, 
and Samuel Harris, cooper, who sold 
them to Joseph Berry, planter (Samp- 
son's son-in-law?). Berry deeded 
Sampson, for love, etc., as his "be- 
loved friend," a house-lot at the south 
corner, sold Harris about five acres at 
the head of the fresh creek, and sold 
the remainder in 1774 to John Bow- 
man of the Isles of Shoals, fishermen. 
A "Widow Bowman" owned there in 
1696. Samuel Harris died about 
1680, and Lewis Williams came into 
his place, marrying his widow, Chris- 
tian, who was a widow again in 1696 ; 
was Widow Christian Kar three years 
later, and sold the land to her son-in- 
law, Thomas Maine. 

On March 31, 1648, the town 
granted Robert Davis, carpenter, a 
lot ''in Sagamore Creeke next poynt 
west of John Movsis." William 



366 



The Granite Monthly 



Evans lived near Robert Davis in 
1656. On January 4, 1657, John 
Hart, shipwright, was received as an 
inhabitant, to have eight acres, also 
Thomas Onyon received, he ''having 
purchased of Robert Davis his lot in 
Sagamore Creeke." A week later 
Davis was allowed a lot of four acres 
farther up the creek, between Thomas 
Onyon and John Hart. In 1660 lie 
sold this lot to Edward Bickford, who 
was there in 1686. 

Onyon "s lot began about a quarter 
of a mile from the mouth of the creek, 
and included the rocky point where it 
turns northeasterly almost at a right 
angle. He moved to the Plains, prob- 
ably before 167S, 'where he was killed 
by the Indians in 1696. Part, if not 
all. of his land at the creek passed 
into the possession of the second Rob- 
ert Purrington, who had land north of 
Bowman in 1771. Purrington ac- 
quired fifty acres there in all. which 
he exchanged with the second "William 
Cotton. This must have included the 
Martvn farm. 

On May 22, 1663. Richard Goss 
bought eleven acres, having twenty- 
six rods frontage on the north side of 
the creek. In 1601 his sons, Richard 
and Robert, sold this to William Cot- 
ton. It was a little west of Sagamore 
road. On March 15, 1670, Robert 
Lang, fisherman from the Isles of 
Shoals, bought a similar lot, west of 
Goss; this lot extending to the Jones 
road, which was next to Henry Sav- 
age.. 

The Jones road was probably laid 
out to accommodate the Lane saw- 
mill, which stood near its southern 
end, opposite Moses Island. This mill 
was begun by Sampson Lane ; deeded, 
unfinished, to Ambrose Lane in 1619 ; 
in 1653 referred to as '"'not yet per- 
fected nor like to be".; perhaps never 
completed, though the dam was re- 
ferred to in a deed of January 25, 
1722 (Deeds 13-10). In 1655" Am- 
brose Lane had left the place, .and 
Richard Tucker, as his attorney, 
deeded Henry Savage two houses 
11 wherein J. W. Daviss & Henry 



Sawase «' ?) formerly lived;" with six- 
teen acres of upland, just above the 
mill. 

Lane also owned land on the south 
side of the creek opposite Thomas 
Onyon, where, September 25, 1656, lie 
deeded Henry Sherburne eleven or 
twelve acres, to which the town added 
a grant of sixty acres, all of which 
probably adjoined land on Sher- 
burne's creek which Sherburne had 
owned as early as 1646. He acquired 
a large tract here, extending east to 
Little Harbor, and probably including 
the point, witli its adjacent island, 
from which the bridge now goes to 
Newcastle. 

Lane also had the Crowder farm, 
which he soon sold to John Jackson, 
cooper. On March 20, 1G56, we find 
a town record confirming "unto John 
Jackson and his heirs & assigns for- 
ever the house and land and the 
Island Whicji was formerly possessed 
by John Crowder." 

I have not found mention of Ed- 
ward Barton or Nicholas Rowe after 
1659. The town records of December 
16, 1659, mention "the house that was 
Edward Barton's." A year later 
Mark Hunting, shipwright, was evi- 
dently in his place. On January 22, 
1660 the town "granted unto Marke 
Hunkins & Richard Short-ridge that 
they shall have the whole of the neck 
upon which they live unto Jno. Jack- 
son's fence." 

There was later inserted into this 
record; between Hunkins and Short- 
ridge, the name of Christopher Sow- 
ton (Lawsoni). There is a later 
deed that refers to Christopher Law- 
son's having owned a small island 
'near the mouth of the Piscataqua, 
possibly the little island (at high 
water) in front of Shortridge's. I 
have found no other reference to his 
owning in this vicinity. 

John Jackson's farm extended in- 
land, southwesterly perhaps one hun- 
dred rods, with a width of thirty to 
forty rods, bounding westerly on the 
little stream that empties east of the 
bridge to Belle Isle. In 1666 Jackson 



Pioneers, of Portsmouth Neck 



367 



had as much more land laid out to 
him, adjoining on the west. -The east 
line of this farm, marked in 1648 by 
"John Crowder's RayHs, M is one of 
the oldest of Portsmouth farm bound- 
aries. 

On January 11, 1698-9, John 
Davis, aged about eighty, deposed 
that "being a liver where now Mr. 
Marke Hunkins live in the year 51 or 
52 the said land which said Hunkins 
live on now joined to to the land 
which was called Crowder's farm, 
and the said fence stands nighest to 
a foot where the said old fence stood.' ? 
He mentioned Mr. Hunkins' gate/'' 
where the line crossed the road. This 
line ran some thirty rods southwest 
of Little Harbor Avenue to a corner, 
from which the line westerly was 
marked in 1717 by a wall that had 
been built by the second William Cot- 
ton, who had owned on the south. 
The well defined boundaries of Jack- 
son's farm are an important aid in 
locating adjoining owners. 

The John Davis above mentioned is 
supposed to have been the same that 
married a daughter of Richard Short- 
ridge and bought of him in 1689 a 
small lot by the shore next to Mark 
Hunting's land, at the east end of 
Little Harbor Avenue. This lot was 
later in possession of flunking, and 
sold by him in 1726 to the second 
Richard Shortridge. 

Jackson lived by the brook. He 
died in 1666, having given most of 
the land east of the brook to his son, 
John, and the island to his son, 
Thomas. His son, Richard, estab- 
lished himself on Christian Shore, 
where he is said to have built the Old 
Jackson House, called the oldest now 
standing. He and his mother, Joane, 
in 1669, sold John Wyatt (later 
spelled White) a two-acre lot on the 
east side of the brook, and, about the 
same time, a half-acre lot to Richard 
Dore, tailor. Both purchasers built 
on their lots, which remained in their 
respective families over fifty years. 



In 1672 Richard and his mother 
sold Peter Ball, fisherman, twenty 
acres west of the brook; This is the 
farm through which the road now 
goes to Belle Isle. It extends some 
twenty-five rods south of Little Har- 
bor Avenue, being thirty-two rods 
wide at its southern end. Its west 
line ran northeast to a rock in the 
Salt creek, near the shore. As late 
as 1718 there was a gate across the 
road on Ball's west line. 

Thomas Jackson owned the land on 
the west side of Ball in 1 672, but lived 
on the island. William Uran had a 
lot in this vicinity granted him in 
1653. Northeast of Ball's farm, bor- 
dering on the brook, was the eight- 
acre lot granted January 1, 1656, to 
John Locke, carpenter.* He sold it 
March 23, 1660-61, to James Drew, 
mariner, who sold half of it to his 
brother, Samuel. Within four years 
both of them deeded their halves to 
Richard Manson, fisherman, in whose 
family it remained over seventy years. 

By the waterside, adjoining the 
northwest side of John Locke's grant, 
was a tract owned in 1661 by John 
Jones, blacksmith. He died in Sep- 
tember, 1667, after having removed 
to a place on the Jones road, near his 
son, Francis. On March 27, 1663, he 
and wife, Anne, had deeded Abraham 
Corbett, distiller, "all that one point 
of land by the sea-side lying between 
the land of the said John Jones on the 
north-west side and the land of James 
Drew on the south-east side, contain- 
ing three fourths of an acre and three 
rods." Corbett was in Kittery in 
1669, with wife, Alice. 

Farther west, up by the head of the 
cove near the South Road, probably 
by an entering stream of fresh water, 
Walter Abbott and William Cotton 
settled very early. Walter Abbott 
and wife bought- eight acres of Good- 
man Ciiffon about 1640. On March 
31, 1650, Anthony Brackett, planter, 
sold William Cotton "all that my 



*This location secrns to to required by many deeds, but is inconsistent with one deed (Jacksons to 
Ball, 3-1231*). If not here, it must have been farther vest on Salt creek. Jones was next west of 
Locke, Jackson ne.vt east of him. 



368 



The Granite Monthly 



now dwelling-house at Strawberry 
Bank near unto the house of Walter 
Abbott, with all the lands thereunto 
belonging, that is to say, from the 
head of the cove near Walter Abbott 's 
along by the Water-side before the 
Dwelling-house up to the head of the 
creek that runneth along before the 
same. . . . which lands are join- 
ing to the lands of Walter Abbott," 
etc. 

On September 24, 1661. Thomas 
Langley of Portsmouth, shipwright, 
sold Robert Mussell of Portsmouth 
five acres, granted by the town, -'sit- 
uate & being on a point of land near 
the Little Harbor's mouth, and is be- 
tween the land of Walter Abbott and 
the said Mussell." This I judge to 
have been up by Frame Point. 

Other early settlers on Salt ereek 
near Cotton's cove were James Gate, 
carpenter, and John Wkidden, brick- 
layer. 

On Sagamore creek Robert Elliot, 
carpenter, was living near Henry Sav- 
age in 1664, and Thomas Walford 
had a great plantation at the head of 
the creek. 

All the first comers lived by the 
waterside, the creeks being their first 
means of communication and trans- 
portation. The first roads were mere 
rights of way to the meeting house 
and saw-mill, and were long subject 
to gates. In their deeds the men 
mostly called themselves masters of 
some trade, but they must have lived 
mainly by fishing and hunting, with 
such beginnings of agriculture as they 
could make in their clearings. 

The second and later grants to set- 
tlers were generally inland. On these 
many of the second generation settled, 
digging wells and clearing farms. 
Their children would carry civiliza- 
tion still farther back into the 
country. 

So much for locations. For insight 
into the lives and characters of the 
people, the records are all too scanty. 
It is unfair to quote the court records, 
for they give only the worst episodes. 



Over against them may be set the fact 
that nearly every householder sub- 
scribed for preaching. 

In tiie Provincial Papers, Vol. 1, 
page 217 et seq., may be read some 
more interesting than edifying testi- 
mony about witchcraft in 1656. 
Thomas Walford 's wife, Jane, must 
have been an impressive character, 
as according to the testimony, she had 
the power of appearing in more than 
one place at the same time, and even 
her husband credited her with preter- 
natural powers, as evidenced by the 
behavior of the cattle when she 
""overlooked" them. It would have 
gone hard with her if she had lived in 
Hampton or Ipswich: but the Ports- 
mouth judges do not seem to have 
been much impressed. They merely 
put her under bonds for good be- 
havior, and soon dropped even that 
precaution. She afterwards collected 
damages for an accusation of witch- 
craft. The superior woman of the 
place was plainly Elisa Barton, who 
took no stock. in the hysterical imagin- 
ings of Susannah Trimmings, but de- 
clared them mere ''phantasy." 

The leading men, of those that have 
been mentioned, were Henry Sher- 
burne, Thomas Walford, John Jack- 
son, William Cotton and Robert 
Elliot. 

In closing I will give a few facts 
about the Hunkings, on account of 
their connection with the Wentworths. 

The first Mark Hunking died in 
1667, having bequeathed his home- 
stead on the Neck to his wife, Ann, 
and his eldest son, Mark; also a tract 
of land to his son, Archelaus (which 
tract was sold by his son, Mark, in 
1717) ; and a cow to his daughter, 
Mary, who in 1711 was widow of 
Thomas Wakham. Mark, Jr., sub- 
scribed for preaching in 1671 ; was 
appointed to the Provincial Council 
in 1710; had the titles Colonel and 
Esquire. He died about 1730. A 
wife, Sarah, signed his deeds from 
1717 to 1728. She was probably 



Pioneers of Portsmouth Neck- 



s' 



cither daughter of Henry Sherburne 
or sister of Richard Sloper. (See 
State Papers, Vol. 31, page 672.) 

His "only surviving child and 
heir/' January 7, 1731-32, was Sarali 
Went worth, mother of Gov. Benniner 



Wentworth. who had the Iiunking 
farm and built the Old Wentworth 
House. The Wentworths bought the 

Shortridge farm and other land ad- 
joining it until they had the whole 
east end of the Xeek. 



THE WILLOW TREE 

By Charles Xevers Holmes 

It overhangs a placid pool 
"Where sleeps a slothful brook, 

Afar from cottage, church or school — 
A sunny sylvan nook. 

Aloof from road or sound of wheel, 
From human crime or care, 

Alone — where man to God may kneel 
In penitential prayer ! 

No piney paths invade this spot. 

Around it lies the wood, 
A grove untrodden and forgot 

Where earth is pure and good. 

At times some zephyr's sigh is heard, 

And murmur of the bee, 
Or carol of sequestered bird 

In merry melody : 

At times the forest echoes wake 
When woodman fells some tree, 

Or far away the huntsmen make 
Discordant revelry.' 



And day by day, and year by year, 
Beside that pool's dead flow, 

Yon Willow stands as staunchly here 
As two-score years ago : 

Like aged hermit all alone 
Unsheltered from the sky, 

Or monarch on a mossy throne 
Too sturdy vet to die ; 



A patriarch, gnarled, grim and gray, 

A relic of times past, 
That weathered winter's wildest day 

And wind's severest blast. 



370 The Granite Monthly 

His shadow like a mantle lies 
Upon that pool's still face 

Where swiftly flit the dragon-flies, 
And lilies J end their grace : 

His limbs are weird, his boughs are bare. 
And. 'neath the moon's wan light 

He rises like a spectre there — 
A ghoul-tree of the night ! 

Yet "raid his boughs when noon is nigh 
Some songbird sweetly sings, 

And to his leaf the butterfly, 
Wing-wearied, safely clings. 

Beside that pool he reigns apart — 
King Willow on his throne, 

Still strong in limb and stout in heart — 
Unrivalled and unknown ! 



MY PARK 

By William S. Harris 

Here, where the blue lake's peaceful cove 
Is shadowed by a noble grove. 
Is my retreat, by Nature planned, 
The choicest spot in Summer-land. 
The massive pines their heads iiprear, 
And gather grandeur year by year. 
The thunder's bolts they've long defied, 
And brushed the winter's snows aside. 

Among their boughs the zephyrs sing ; 
Around their feet soft mosses cling, 
And matted vines, a verdant floor, . 
With scarlet berries dotted o'er. 
Beyond the shadow of the pines 
The sunlight on the water shines, 
And tiny wavelets break and flash 
As 'gainst the pebbly shore they dash. 

What joy to wander 'neath these trees, 
Play with the gentle, scented breeze, 
Gaze on these peaceful scenes, and feel 
The calm and beauty o'er me steal. 
How oft have I, in leafy June, 
Or sultry summer afternoon, 
Resting upon this flagrant sod, 
Communed witli Nature and with God. 



My Park 371 



Next summer I return in glee 

And seek my beauteous grove to see ; 

Sure that green wood and lake of blue 

Will welcome back their lover true. 

Alas! what dire disaster here 

Has made my park a desert drear? 

Where are my trees ? Stumps till the ground 

Tree tops and brush are heaped around. 

A brown and ugly saw-dust bank 
Stands where the plumy ferns grew rank. 
The tender vines are trampled down ; 
The scorching sun has burned to brown 
The mossy carpet, once so lush ; 
And ragged, dead, decaying brush 
Has choked the shallows of the cove — 
Despoiled alike are lake and grove ! 

monster harsh, of cruel power. 
With jaws of steel to thus devour 
A century's beauty in a day ! 
And, not content to snatch away 
The setting of the radiant gem — 
Fair jewel in earth's diadem — 
This monster, for his cruel glee, 
The gem itself despoiled must see ! 



THE SUBMERGED 

By II. J. Krier 

Remember me as one who made no history : 
As one who lived and died without acclaim. 

Just as a wild flower blown 'mid bog and mystery 
Arises, but to feed the earth again. 

Remember me as one who knew no glory ; 

Who never fought nor bled nor ran away : 
WTio, like the annals of a simple story, 

Left nothing, nor took aught away. 



LITTLE ELIZABETH 



r a 



Br/ Eva B cede Odd! 



About a mile above Meredith 
Bridge was the home of little Eliza- 
beth. The father and mother. Seth 
and Betsy, had come to this place to 
live when they were married, as the 
farm was a wedding present to Seth 
from his father. Elizabeth bad two 
brothers younger than herself, Sher- 
burne and John, and one winter day, 
when she was eight years old. they 
told her that there was a little baby 
sister in the spotted bedroom. This 
room had its ceiled walls painted dark 
red. with large round spots of white, 
hence its name. The other children 
were blue-eyed, but the new baby's 
eyes were very black. Elizabeth was 
delighted that she had a real live 
baby to play with, and she wanted 
to name her little sister Caroline. 
She planned how she could rock her 
in the cradle and hold her in her 
lap, for eight years old made her 
quite a big girl, she thought. The 
rag doll and the doll whose head was 
made from a corn cob were forgotten, 
and even .the kitten felt neglected. 

Elizabeth had always beem so willing 
to help her mother about the house 
in all the ways she could, and in the 
care of her younger brothers, that the 
parents did not realize that she was 
not very strong, but when the new 
baby was about a week old the}' no- 
ticed that their oldest child was far 
from well. Soon she grew so much 
worse that the doctor was sent for. 
When he came and examined the 
little patient he looked very serious, 
and said she had a bad heart trouble. 
Elizabeth was very anxious to get 
well, especially* as she was so fond of 
the new baby, so she said to -the 
'doctor, "If you'll only get me well, 
I'll take all the medicine in your 
saddle bags.'' The medicine, how- 
ever, did not help the little girl and 
it was not long'before they knew that 
she must die, and she knew it, too. 



but she was not afraid. She said to 
her mother, "I shall go to heaven 
sha'nt I, for I never told a lie.'' 

In the burying ground, on the road 
to. the Bridge, they buried little 
Elizabeth, in a corner under a tree. 
A man in the neighborhood made the 
gravestone. It was a small slab of 
granite, on which were chiseled the 
initials of her name, "E. F. " 

A few years later Seth sold the 
farm and the family moved to Upper 
Gilmanton. Caroline always remem- 
bered how she cried when they went 
away, because there was not room 
enough for her to ride in the chaise 
with her mother and the little twin 
babies. As she grew older what she 
cherished most about the old home 
was the thought of the dear little 
sister Elizabeth who had died when 
c she was a tiny baby, the little sister 
who had named her and loved ' her 
so much, and who was not' afraid to 
die, and believed she would go to 
heaven because she had never told 
a lie. 

In after years Caroline often told 
her own little girl the story of Eliza- 
■ beth and showed her the quaint little 
white dress, with short waist and 
narrow skirt, that Elizabeth used to 
wear. 

Many, many years later, when 
Caroline was a woman of seventy, 
she and her daughter visited the grave 
of little Elizabeth. In a corner, be- 
neath a tree, they found it, marked 
bv the little stone bearing the two 
letters, "E, F." 

Folded away in a trunk in the 
attic, Caroline's daughter still keeps 
the old-fashioned dress ■"'•' worn by 
little Elizabeth and in her heart she 
cherishes the story of the dear little 
girl whose consciousness of perfect 
. truthfulness gave her the assurance of 
an entrance to heaven. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



?-73 



HON. CHARLES E. HILL 

Charles Edward Hill, a prominent lawyer 
oi Newark, N. J., and New York City, died 
October 5, 1913, ar a private .hospital near 
Paterson in .the former state, from pneumo- 
nia, following cerebral hemorrhage. 

Mr. Hill was born in Wolfeboro, N. H., 
June 10, 1851, being a son of Charles P. 
Hill and a descendant of John Hill who set- 
tled in Greenland, Me., in 1619 — a year be- 
fore the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth, Mass. 
The family removed to Newark in 18(37, 
where young Hill studied law with his father, 
and became his partner after his admission 
to the bar in 1S73. His father died in 1SS9, 
after which he continued in practice alone, 
with an office in Newark and one in New 
York City also. From 1SS1 to 1SS4. and 
again from 1898 to 1902. he was a member 
of the Board of School Commissioners of 
Newark, and for four years president of the 
same. lie Was for two terms a member of 
the Board of Aldermen, and served as presi- 
dent of the City Council. In 1SS6-SS he was 
a member of the New Jersey Assembly and 
in the latter year the Republican leader in 
that body. He was also active in military 
affairs and served for several years as judge 
advocate general of the Fifth Regiment of 
the National Guard of New Jersey. He was 
a prominent Mason and active in Methodist 
Church affairs. He is survived by three sons, 
Arthur E. Hill, professor of chemistry in 
New York University, Charles Greenwood 
Hill of Freeport, L. L, and Dr Frederick M. 
Hill of New York City. His wife, Caroline 
Greenwood, died a few months since. 



COL. WILLIAM S. GREENOFGH 

Col. William S. Greenough, a well-known 
citizen of Wakefield. Mass.. died at his home 
in that town. October 26, 1913. 

He was a native of Chester, N. II., born 
August 25, 1843. and educated in the public 
schools, at Chester Academy and Phillips 
Academy at Exeter, where he was in atten- 
dance when the Civil War broke out. He 
enlisted in the Fourth Massachusetts Volun- 
teers, and served in the Department of the 
Gulf. After his term of enlistment had ex- 
pired he reenlisted. serving as captain of 
Company D, in the Eighteenth New Hamp- 
shire Regiment, and being brevetted as major 
in recognition of his services. 

nis occupation was that of an engraver 
and he was a member of the firm of William 
S. Greenough & Co.. stationers in Boston. 
He had served on the board of selectmen in 
Wakefield, and represented the town, in the 
Massachusetts -Legislature in 1889 and 1890. 
He was active in the G. A. R. and had been 
quartermaster-general of the Department of 
Massachusetts. He belonged to the Loyal 



Legion, had been chairman of the Repub- 
lican town committee of Wakefield, and was 
appointed on the staff of Governor Robinson 
of Massachusetts in 1884. 

Col. Greenough married a daughter of the 
late Col. John W. Noyes of Chester, and, 
besides his wife, leaves two sons and a 
daughter, Chester N. Greenough, assistant 
professor of English at Harvard University, 
William W. Greenough of Wakefield, and 
Mrs. Robert M. Stetson (formerly Miss Helen 
U. Greenough) of Wakefield. 

. FRANK E. BROWN 

Frank E. Brown* for eighteen years as- 
sistant general -passenger and ticket agent 
of the Boston & Maine Railroad and one of 
the best -known railroad men in New Hamp- 
shire, died November 9, at his home after a 
brief illness. He was the son of the late 
Horace A. and Sarah S. -Brown and was born 
in Claremont, July 15, 1S50. He was gradu- 
ated from the Concord High School in June, 
1S68. 

Mr. Brown was clerk for the superintend- 
ent of the Concord Railroad until March 1, 
-1883, when he was appointed general ticket 
agent, with offices in Concord. At the con- 
solidation of the Concord and the Boston, 
Concord & Montreal roads under the name of 
Concord &'. Montreal Railroad, he was ap- 
pointed general manager and ticket agent. 
When the road was leased to the Boston & 
Maine he was appointed assistant general 
passenger and ticket agent, with an office in 
Concord, where he remained until October 
24, 1910. Then President Mellen made him 
first assistant general passenger agent, the 
duties of which office kept him in Boston, 
though he retained his residence in Concord. 
He was identified for many years with the 
Mt. Washington Railway. 

Mr. Brown was deeply interested in music, 
and some of his published compositions have 
been widely known. Brought up in the Epis- 
copal faith, he served for many years as 
organist at St. Paul's Church in Concord, 
and later served as organist and choir di- 
rector at the First Baptist Church. 

He was a Republican and had served his 
ward in the state Legislature. He was a 
member of Blazing Star Lodge, A. F. and 
A. M., of the Wcnolaneet Club and of other 
social organizations. He was twice married, 
first to Evelyn Hazelton, who died in 1SSS, 
then to Annie Baker Dietrich, who survives 
him, as do two sons by the first wife, Frank 
W. Brown and Charles Walker Brown. 

REV. EDWARD A. RENOUF 

Rev. Edward A. Renouf, rector emeritus 
of St. James Episcopal Church of Keene, 
and the oldest Episcopal clergyman in the 



374 



The Granite Monthly 



state, as well as the oldest surviving; gradu- 
ate of Harvard College, died at his home in 
Keene, November 11, 1913. 

He was born in Boston, Mass.. November 



15, V 



graduated from the Boston Latin 



School in 1834, and Harvard College in 1838. 
He then studied for the Episcopal ministry, 
and in 1S43 became rector of the church at 
LowviJle. X. Y., where he remained several 
years, after which he was for a time con- 
nected with St. Stephen's Church in Boston. 
In 1859 St. James' parish in Keene was 
organized and Mr. Renouf was called as 
rector, and received into the Xew Hampshire 
diocese, in which, he has for a long time been 
prominent. The church edifice was built in 
1860. Mr. Renouf continued as rector of 
St. James till 1SGS, when he resigned. He 
subsequently served for fourteen years as 
rector of St. Peter's Church at Drewsville, 



of which lie was made rector emeritus in 
1892. In 1906 he became rector emeritus 
of St. James* .Church, Keene, where he had 

retained his residence. 

i He had ever manifested a deep interest in 
the welfare of the city, had served on its 
superintending school committee, and con- 
tributed, at one time, $500 as the basis 
for a fireman's relief fund, and had given 
another .$500 toward a police benevolent fund. 
He had traveled extensively abroad, through 
all parts of Europe, Egypt, the Holy Land. 
China and Japan. He married, first, Harriet 
Fuller Lester, of Rensselaerville, X. Y., who 
died in 1862, leaving one son, Edward, long 
professor of chemistry in Johns Hopkins 
University. He subsequently married Esther 
Thomas of Keene, who died in 1909, leaving 
one daughter, Elsie, wife of Dr. Burton C. 
Bussed of Keene. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



Governor Felker has filled the vacancy on 
the bench of the Supreme Court, occasioned 
by the elevation of Judge George IT. Bing- 
ham to the bench of the United States Dis- 
trict Court, by the appointment of Associate 
Justice William A. Plummer of the Superior 
Court to such position. He has also filled 
the vacancy on the Superior Court bench, 
occasioned by the resignation of Chief Jus- 
tice Wallace, and the promotion of Judge 
Pike, by the appointment of Oliver W. 
Branch, son and partner of Hon, Oliver E. 
Branch of Manchester. There now remains 
to be filled the vacancy occasioned by the 
promotion of Judge Plummer to the Supreme 
bench. The only name prominently men- 
tioned in connection with this* position is 
that of Hon. William H. Sawyer of Concord, 
councilor for the Fourth District. It is not 
known that he is an aspirant for the place, 
but the belief is general that he would accept 
if appointed. 

On the afternoon of Friday, November 7, 
a memorial service in honor of the late Hon. 
John M. Mitchell of Concord, associate jus- 
tice of the Superior Court of Xew Hamp- 
shire, was held at the Merrimack County 
Court House, in Concord, Judge Robert X. 
Chamberlin of Berlin, the presiding justice 
at the regular fall term of Court for the 
county, presiding. The exercises had been 
arranged by a committee of the bar, consist- 
ing of Gen. Frank S. Streeter, Hon. Na- 
thaniel E. Martin and William A. Foster, 
Esq., of Concord.- Mr. Martin gave a brief 
biographical sketch of Judge Mitchell, and 



presented a series of resolutions, paying due 
tribute to his character and services, which 
were formally adopted after appreciative ad- 
dresses had been heard from Chief Justices 
Pike and Parsons of the Superior and Su- 
preme Courts, Attorney-General Tuttle, Ex- 
Attorney-General Eastman, Hon. Oliver E. 
Branch, -Associate Justice Kivel of the Supe- 
rior Court, who succeeded Judge Mitchell. 
Col. Stephen S. Jewett of Laconia, William 
A. Foster and Gen, Frank S. Streeter of 
Concord, and the presiding justice. A fine 
portrait of Judge Mitchell, presented by his 
daughters, hangs upon the wall of the court 
room, at the left of the judge's bench. 



The Forty-seventh Annual Session of the 
-National Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, 
opened in Manchester on Wednesday, No- 
vember 13, continuing ten days, Worthy 
Master Oliver Wilson of Illinois presiding. 
The striking feature of the session was the 
unprecedentedly large number of candidates 
initiated in the Seventh or highest degree 
of the order, the same exceeding 5,000, or 
whom more than 3,000, by the way, were 
from Xew Hampshire, which state still holds, 
as it long has, the lead in the membership 
in this degree, as it doe-, in fact, in member- 
ship in the order, among all the states in 
proportion to size. This is the third session 
of the organization held in Xew Hampshire, 
it having met in Concord in 1S92 and 1S&S, 
the Seventh degree class in the former year 
being the largest ever initiated up to fch&t 
time. 



DECEMBKR, 1913 New Series, Vol. VIM, No. 12 



HE 






X 

f^'"'- 



A New. Hampshire Magazine 

S Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 



:: " CONTENTS FOR DECEMBER SB 

V^/ Eon, Henry £. Burnham Wirh front1sp3e.ce .... 375 ((f~U 

•Sgj By H. C. Pearson ' . fe4^» 

V Cj V New Hampshire College' . ... . . .381 V^ 

By H. H. Scudder. Illustrated iPsT 



fvlmk -oy n. a. ccuaaer. iiiustrateq #*^» 

Abner J. Nutter . . . . . « . . 3S5 2 £&, 



V 



.v-:-: 



By L. A. Stevens. -Illustrated 



. 



*ks^f. A New Hampshire Governor's Dinner : 3S9 feM 






By Fred Myron Colby 






e j^>t Thanksgiving and Thanksgiving . . . """ . , 393 ^ 

V*V*v The Musings of a Quiet Thinker 

*'fe$ Eliza Upham Bell . . ... . . . .394 

fcg) New Hampshire Necrology . . . . . . 395 (gH 

•|^| Editor and Publisher's Notes . . . . . . 39S fc^f 

Sfi§ Poems ' . V&, 

•Jwg5 By Shirley W. Harvey, L. J. H. Frost, X. F. Carter, Ellen McRoberts Mason, JEK 

V,\- V E. H. Hunter, Maude Gordon-Roby. Y*-y 



/Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF, Editor and Manager 
l\ TERMS: $1.00 per annum, In. advance; Si, SO if not paid In advance, Single copies, is cents 

CONCORD, M. H., 1S13 

Eatered.at the post ofiloe at Concord as secoad-clajis mail matter. 






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HON. HENRY E. BURMIAM 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLV, No. 12 



DECEMBER, 1913 New Series, Vol. S, No. 12 



LEADERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

XV 

Hon. Henry E. Buriiham 



By II. C. Pearson 



Since the adoption of the Constitu- 
tion of the United States in 1789 New 
Hampshire has bestowed the honor of 
representing her in the United States 
Senate upon forty-two of her citi- 
zens as follows: Paine Win gate 
(1789-1793) ; John Langdon (1789- 
1801) ; Samuel Livermore (1793- 
1801); Simeon Oleott (1801-1805); 
James Sheafe (1801-1802) ; "William 
Plummer (1802-1807) ; Nicholas Gil- 
man (1805-1814) ; Nahum Parker 
(1807-1810) ; Charles Cutts (1810- 
1813) ; Jeremiah Mason (1813-1817) j 
Thomas W. Thompson (1814.-1817) ; 
David L. Morrill (1817-1823) ; Clem- 
ent Storer (1817-1819) ; John F. Par- 
rott (1819-1825) ; Samuel Bell (1823- 

1835) ; Levi Woodbury (1825-1831) 
and (1841-1845) ; Isaac Hill (1831- 

1836) ; Harry Hibbard (1835-1841) ; 
John Page (1836-1837); Franklin 
Pierce (1837-1842) : Leonard Wilcox 
(1842-1843) ; Charles G. Atherton 
(1843-1849) and (1853) ; Penning W. 
Jenness (1845-1846) ; Joseph Cilley 
(1846-1847) ; John P. Hale (1347- 
1853) and (1855-1865) ; Moses Nor- 
ris, Jr. (1849-1855 ; John S. Weils 
(1855) ; James Bell (1855-1857) ; 
Daniel Clark (1857-1866) ; Aaron H. 
Cragin (1865-1877) ; George G. Fogg 
(1866-1867); James W. Patterson 
(1867-1873) ; Bainbridge • Wadleigh 
(1873-1879); Edward H. Rollins 



(1877-1883) ; Charles H. Bell (1879) ; 
Austin F. Pike (1883-1886) ; Henry 
W. Blair (1885-1891) ; Person C. 
Cheney (1886-1887); William E. 
Chandler (1887-1901) ; Jacob H. Gal- 
linger (1891- ) ; Henry E. Burn- 
ham (1901-1913) ; Henry F. HoDis 
(1913- ). 

Of these forty-two, it is seen, only 
seven, John Langdon, Samuel Bell, 
John P. Hale, Aaron H. Cragin, Wil- 
liam E, Chandler, Jacob H, Gallinger 
and Henry E. Burnham, served two 
full terms or more; a fact which 
in itself sufficiently characterizes and 
praises the senatorial careers of the 
gentlemen so honored. 

It was after an exciting and warmly 
contested preliminary canvass that 
Mr. Burnham was nominated in the 
Republican legislative caucus of 1901, 
receiving 198 votes to 47 for William 
E. Chandler, 29 for Henry M. Baker, 
23 for Cyrus A. Sulloway, 22 for 
Henry B. Quinby and one for Henry 
W. Blair. The Democrats nominated 
the late Judge Charles F. Stone of 
Laconia. On the ballot in the state 
senate Mr. Burnham had 22 votes, 
Mr. Stone, one, and one senator was 
absent. In the house Mr. Burnham 
had. 279 votes, Mr. Stone, 83, and 
Henry M. Baker, one. Elected on 
January 15, 1901, Senator Burnham 



SIS 



376 



The Granite Monthly 



took his seat on March 4 of the same 
year. 

Returning iia 1907 for the reelection 

which a great majority of his party 
and of the people of the state desired 
him to receive, Mr. Burnham's vote in 
the Republican caucus was 194 to 31 
for Prank D. Currier, 28 for George 
B. Leighton, 14 for Henry M. Baker, 
three for Roseerans W. Piilsbury and 
one each for Chester B. Jordan, John 
jMcLane and. William E. Chandler. 
Nathan C. Jameson was the Demo- 
cratic nominee and